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10/14/10
WISHING ALL HAPPY DHAMMADIKSHA DAY.- THE DAY BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR LIBERATED US FROM THE CLUTCHES OF HINDU FOLD.LESSON 58 LOTUS POSTURE 14 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY-Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org-”Live contemplating the body. Live contemplating feelings. In this way you will be aware of and control wrong desires.”- The Buddha-BUDDHA (EDUCATE)! DHAMMA (MEDITATE)! SANGHA (ORGANISE)!-WISDOM IS POWER-WISDOM IS POWER-What Is Bioengineering?-EC refuses to freeze BSP symbol
Filed under: General
Posted by: @ 7:55 am

Dear All,
JaiBheem !!!

On the eve of 54th Dhamma Chakra Pravartan Day, wishing all of you a very happy and wonderful year ahead to work for the Mission. Hope everyone remembers, HISTORICAL Sunday October 14, 1956 the day on which we all got new path and Identity in the name of Buddhism to walk with dignity leaving “untouchable” and “Hindu” identities in dustbin.

“That religion which forbids humanitarian behaviour between men is not religion but a penalty” - Boddhisatva Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

Lets work hard to drive Babasaheb’s mission and bring social revolution to remove INJUSTICE, TYRANNY, POMPOUSNESS and HUMBUG.

Noble is your aim and sublime and glorious is your mission. Blessed are those who are awakened to their duty to those among whom they are born. Glory to those who devote their time, talents and their all to the amelioration of slavery. Glory to those who would reap their struggle for the liberation of the enslaved in spite of heavy odds, carping humiliation, storms and dangers till the downtrodden secure their Human Rights.” - Boddhisatva Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.

In Mission
–A Samta Sainik

Thank you, Mr Takshak Nag. We heartly reciprocate.

 
Lakshman
Oct 14, ‘10
 
Dear All,
 
Namobuddhye and Jaibheem,

 WISHING ALL HAPPY DHAMMADIKSHA DAY.
  
THE DAY BABASAHEB AMBEDKAR LIBERATED US FROM THE CLUTCHES OF HINDU FOLD.
  
 
With Metta
 
Shekhar Bagul

  
Manchester UK

Conversion back to Buddhism

As a profound life long student of anthropology Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar made a remarkable discovery that the Mahar people are originally ancient Buddhist people of India. They have been forced outside a village to live like an outcast as they refused to leave Buddhist practices and eventually they were made into untouchables. He wrote a scholarly book on this topic- Who were Sudras? How they became Untouchables.


Diksha Bhumi, Nagpur ; Stupa at the site where Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar, with his followers embraced Buddhism

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar studied Buddhism all his life, and around 1950s, Ambedkar turned his attention fully to 

Buddhism and travelled to Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) to attend a convention of Buddhist scholars and monks. While dedicating a new Buddhist vihara near Pune, Ambedkar announced that he was writing a book on Buddhism, and that as soon as it was finished, he planned to make a formal conversion back to Buddhism.[11] Ambedkar twice visited Burma in 1954; the second time in order to attend the third conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists in Rangoon. In 1955, he founded the Bharatiya Bauddha Mahasabha, or the Buddhist Society of India. He completed his final work, The Buddha and His Dhamma, in 1956. It was published posthumously.

After meetings with the Sri Lankan Buddhist monk Hammalawa Saddhatissa,[12] Ambedkar organised a formal public ceremony for himself and his supporters in Nagpur on October 14, 1956. Accepting the Three Refuges and Five Precepts from a Buddhist monk in the traditional manner, Ambedkar completed his own conversion. He then proceeded to convert an estimated 500,000 of his supporters who were gathered around him.[11] Taking the 22 Vows. He then traveled to Kathmandu in Nepal to attend the Fourth World Buddhist Conference. His work on The Buddha or Karl Marx and “Revolution and counter-revolution in ancient India” (which was necessary for understanding his book “The Buddha and his dhamma”)remained incomplete.

Bust of Dr. Ambedkar at Ambedkar Museum in Pune

LESSON  58 LOTUS POSTURE 14 10 2010 FREE ONLINE eNālandā Research and Practice UNIVERSITY

Anyone Can Attain Ultimate Bliss Just Visit:http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

“Live contemplating the body. Live contemplating feelings. In this way you will be aware of and control wrong desires.”- The Buddha

BUDDHA (EDUCATE)!                     DHAMMA (MEDITATE)!       SANGHA (ORGANISE)!

WISDOM       IS    POWER

Awakened One Shows the Path to Attain Ultimate Bliss

COMPUTER IS AN ENTERTAINMENT INSTRUMENT!

INTERNET!

IS

ENTERTAINMENT NET!

TO BE MOST APPROPRIATE!

Using such an instrument

The Free ONLINE e-Nālandā Research and Practice University has been re-organized to function through the following Schools of Learning :

Buddha’s Sangha Practiced His Dhamma Free of cost, hence the Free- e-Nālandā Research and Practice University follows suit

As the Original Nālandā University did not offer any Degree, so also the Free  e-Nālandā Research and Practice University.

The teachings of Buddha are eternal, but even then Buddha did not proclaim them to be infallible. The religion of Buddha has the capacity to change according to times, a quality which no other religion can claim to have…Now what is the basis of Buddhism? If you study carefully, you will see that Buddhism is based on reason. There is an element of flexibility inherent in it, which is not found in any other religion.

§  Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar , Indian scholar, philosopher and architect of Constitution of India, in his writing and speeches

I.
KAMMA

REBIRTH

AWAKEN-NESS 

BUDDHA

THUS COME ONE

DHAMMA

II.
ARHAT

FOUR HOLY TRUTHS

EIGHTFOLD PATH

TWELVEFOLD CONDITIONED ARISING

BODHISATTVA

PARAMITA

SIX PARAMITAS

III.

SIX SPIRITUAL POWERS

SIX PATHS OF REBIRTH

TEN DHARMA REALMS

FIVE SKANDHAS

EIGHTEEN REALMS

FIVE MORAL PRECEPTS

IV.

MEDITATION

MINDFULNESS

FOUR APPLICATIONS OF MINDFULNESS

LOTUS POSTURE

SAMADHI

CHAN SCHOOL

FOUR JHANAS

FOUR FORMLESS REALMS

V.

FIVE TYPES OF BUDDHIST STUDY AND PRACTICE

MAHAYANA AND HINAYANA COMPARED

PURE LAND

BUDDHA RECITATION

EIGHT CONSCIOUSNESSES

ONE HUNDRED DHARMAS

EMPTINESS

VI.

DEMON

LINEAGE

with

Level I: Introduction to Buddhism

Level II: Buddhist Studies

TO ATTAIN

Level III: Stream-Enterer

Level IV: Once - Returner

Level V: Non-Returner
Level VI: Arhat

Jambudvipa, i.e, PraBuddha Bharath scientific thought in

mathematics,

astronomy,

alchemy,

and

anatomy

Philosophy and Comparative Religions;

Historical Studies;

International Relations and Peace Studies;

Business Management in relation to Public Policy and Development Studies;

Languages and Literature;

and Ecology and Environmental Studies

 

Welcome to the Free Online e-Nālandā Research and Practice University

          Course Programs:

http://www.holisticonline.com/yoga/hol_yoga_pos_lotus.htm

LOTUS POSTURE

Lotus Pose (Padmasana)

This is probably the most well known pose routinely used by Budha and is a very popular meditation pose. This is not always easy for Westerners to master. It may take time for the ligaments to become extended so that the Lotus Pose is comfortable. If one cannot master the Lotus Pose, any of the other seated poses will do quite well for the purpose of meditation. Start slowly and acquire proficiency over a period of time. This is one of the basic yoga postures.

yp_pad2.gif (7854 bytes)

Technique:

  1. Keep the right foot on the left thigh
  2. Start bouncing the right knee. If the bouncing knee easily touches the floor, then bend the left knee, take hold of the left foot with both hands, gently glide it over the crossed right leg and place it on the right thigh.
  3. This will give symmetrical placement of the legs and you are in lotus position.
  4. The hands should be kept on the knees with palms open, and the thumb and second finger of each hand should touch forming a letter O.

Benefits:

  1. This is an extremely good pose for meditation and concentration.
  2. It has a calming effect on the mind and the nerves.
  3. This pose keeps the spine erect.
  4. Helps develop a good posture
  5. Helps keep the joints in flexible condition.

What Is Bioengineering?

Biological engineering

 

Modeling of the Spread of Disease Using Cellular Automata and Nearest Neighbor Interactions

Biological engineering, biotechnological engineering or bioengineering (including biological systems engineering) is the application of engineeringprinciples to address challenges in the life sciences which includes fields of biology, ecology, and medicine. Biological engineering is a science based discipline founded upon the biological sciences in the same way that chemical engineering, electrical engineering, and mechanical engineering are based upon chemistry, electricity and magnetism, and statics, respectively. [1]

Biological Engineering can be differentiated from its roots of pure biology or classical engineering in the following way. Biological studies often follow a reductionist approach in viewing a system on its smallest possible scale which naturally leads toward tools such as functional genomics. Engineering approaches, using classical design perspectives, are constructionist, building new devices, approaches, and technologies from component concepts. Biological engineering utilizes both of these methods in concert relying on reductionist approaches to define the fundamental units which are then commingled to generate something new. [2] Although engineered biological systems have been used to manipulate information, construct materials, process chemicals, produce energy, provide food, and help maintain or enhance human health and our environment, our ability to quickly and reliably engineer biological systems that behave as expected remains less well developed than our mastery over mechanical and electrical systems. [3]

The differentiation between Biological Engineering and overlap with Biomedical Engineering can be unclear, as many universities now use the terms “bioengineering” and “biomedical engineering” interchangeably [4]. Some contend that Biological Engineering (like biotechnology) has a broader base which spans molecular methods (tends to emphasize the using of biological substances - applying engineering principles to molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, proteinchemistry, cytology, immunology, neurobiology and neuroscience, cellular and tissue based methods (including devices and sensors), whole organisms (plants, animals), and up increasing length scales to ecosystems. Neither biological engineering nor biomedical engineering is wholly contained within the other, as there are non-biological products for medical needs and biological products for non-medical needs.

ABET [5], the U.S. based accreditation board for engineering B.S. programs, makes a distinction between Biomedical Engineering and Biological Engineering; however, the differences are quite small. Biomedical engineers must have life science courses that include human physiology and have experience in performing measurements on living systems while biological engineers must have life science courses (which may or may not include physiology) and experience in making measurements not specifically on living systems. Foundational engineering courses are often the same and include thermodynamics, fluid and mechanical dynamics, kinetics, electronics, and materials properties. [6] [7]

The word bioengineering was coined by British scientist and broadcaster Heinz Wolff in 1954. [8] The term bioengineering is also used to describe the use of vegetation in civil engineering construction. The term bioengineering may also be applied to environmental modifications such as surface soil protection, slope stabilisation, watercourse and shoreline protection, windbreaks, vegetation barriers including noise barriers and visual screens, and the ecological enhancement of an area. The first biological engineering program was created at Mississippi State University in 1967, making it the first Biological Engineering curriculum in the United States.[9] More recent programs have been launched at MIT [10] and Utah State University [11].

Biological Engineers or bioengineers are engineers who use the principles of biology and the tools of engineering to create usable, tangible products. Biological Engineering employs knowledge and expertise from a number of pure and applied sciences, such as mass and heat transfer, kinetics, biocatalysts, biomechanics, bioinformatics, separation and purification processes, bioreactor design, surface science, fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, and polymer science. It is used in the design of medical devices, diagnostic equipment, biocompatible materials, renewable bioenergy, ecological engineering, and other areas that improve the living standards of societies.

In general, biological engineers attempt to either mimic biological systems in order to create products or modify and control biological systems so that they can replace, augment, or sustain chemical and mechanical processes. Bioengineers can apply their expertise to other applications of engineering and biotechnology, including genetic modification of plants and microorganisms, bioprocess engineering, and biocatalysis.

Because other engineering disciplines also address living organisms (e.g., prosthetics in mechanical engineering), the term biological engineering can be applied more broadly to include agricultural engineering andbiotechnology. In fact, many old agricultural engineering departments in universities over the world have rebranded themselves as agricultural and biological engineering or agricultural and biosystems engineering. Biological engineering is also called bioengineering by some colleges and Biomedical engineering is called Bioengineering by others, and is a rapidly developing field with fluid categorization. The Main Fields of Bioengineering may be categorised as:

PLEASE VISIT:

http://bioengineering.stanford.edu/

http://www.bioengineering.ch/php/home/index_1-en__1.html

http://www.be.caltech.edu/]

http://www.btc.iitb.ac.in/

http://www.careercornerstone.org/bioeng/bioeng.htm

http://bioe.rice.edu/

http://web.mit.edu/be/index.shtml

EC refuses to freeze BSP symbol

Grounds pleaded in petition do not fall within ambit of disqualifications laid down in the law’

We cannot add or lay down any new grounds for disqualification: Election

NEW DELHI: The Election Commission (EC) has held not maintainable a complaint filed by an advocate alleging misuse of public funds by the Uttar Pradesh government for installation of statues of elephants and Chief Minister Mayawati to promote the symbol of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP).

The State government contended that the Commission had no jurisdiction to seek information about the statues and the expenditure when no election process was notified.

It argued that there was no provision under the Representation of the People Act and the Rules to call for such information.

Difference in posture

The BSP contended that the elephant statues showed the trunk raised in a welcome posture, whereas in the party symbol, the trunk was lowered.

The EC — comprising Chief Election Commissioner S.Y. Quraishi and Commissioners V.S. Sampath and H.S. Brahma — in its order on October 11 said: “The grounds pleaded in the petition of Mr. Ravi Kant seeking disqualification of Ms. Mayawati do not fall within the ambit of any of the disqualifications laid down in the law.

“The Commission cannot add or lay down any new grounds for disqualification. Therefore the prayer for her disqualification is rejected.”

Difference in posture

The BSP contended that the elephant statues showed the trunk raised in a welcome posture

The
March Of The
BSP Elephants

Cover Story

WELCOME ELEPHANT SYMBOL

 

 

 

 

 

whereas in the party symbol, the trunk was lowered.

  BSP


BSP election symbol


    

 

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