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LESSON 3365 Wed 27 May 2020 Free Online Analytic Insight Net for Discovery of Metteyya the Awakened One with Awareness Universe(FOAINDMAOAU) For the Welfare, Happiness and Peace for all Sentient and Non-Sentient Beings and for them to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal. From KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA in
 116 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES in Awakened One with Awarenes’s own Words through at WHITE HOME 668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL 3rd Stage, Puniya Bhoomi Bengaluru- Magadhi Karnataka State -Prabuddha Bharat 7,787,214,791 Current World Population COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:2,430,603 Last updated: May 27, 2020, 03:41 GMT 7,787,214,791 Current World Population 56,580,109 Births this year 161,885 Births today 23,753,685 Deaths this year 67,963 Deaths today while World 23,622,053 Deaths this year COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:2,430,603 Coronavirus Cases:5,684,803 Deaths 352,225 All are Happy, Well, and Secure having calm, quiet, alert, attentive that is Wisdom and equanimity mind not reacting to good and bad thoughts with a clear understanding that everything is changing!
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Free Online Analytic Insight Net for Discovery of Metteyya the Awakened One with Awareness Universe(FOAINDMAOAU)

the Welfare, Happiness and Peace for all Sentient and Non-Sentient
Beings and for them to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.
 116 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES in Awakened One with Awarenes’s own Words
668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL 3rd
Stage, Puniya Bhoomi  Bengaluru- Magadhi Karnataka State -Prabuddha Bharat
Current World Population

COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:2,430,603

Last updated: May 27, 2020, 03:41 GMT

56,580,109 Births this year
161,885 Births today

23,753,685 Deaths this year

67,963 Deaths today

while World 23,622,053 Deaths this year COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:2,430,603

Coronavirus Cases:
5,684,803 Deaths 352,225

All are Happy, Well, and Secure having calm, quiet, alert, attentive that is Wisdom and
equanimity mind not reacting to good and bad thoughts
with a clear understanding that everything is changing!

including all the Presidents, Prime Ministers, Parlimentarians,
Legislators,Ministers, MPs, MLAs, Political ruling and opposition Party
members, Chief Justices, Judges, Chief Election Commission members Media
persons who were not affected by COVID-19 not wearing face masks but
still alive  and who are more deadliest than COVID-19

World Organisations including WHO, UNO, Human Rights Commission, All
Chief Justices, Election Commissioners, All Opposition parties Social
Media must unite for

Discovery of Awakened with Awareness Universe

the Welfare, Happiness and Peace for all Sentient and Non-Sentient
Beings and for them to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.

1. All EVMs/VVPATs must be replaced with Ballot Papers to save Democracy, Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity.

Whether COVID-19 Virus is natural or a Lab Created One.The affected and
dead peoples’ names and addresses must be made public.

3. Signs and symptoms of the Virus

While it’s not known who got what from whom, whether the virus was even
spread simply having a cold at that time, the case has shaken the
community even if it didn’t “qualify” for a test after showing runny
nose which was listed as a symptom of COVID-19 and advises anyone
feeling unwell to stay home.

Major Cause of Death in COVID-19 is Thrombosis, Not Pneumonia !

It seems that the disease is being attacked wrongly worldwide.

Thanks to autopsies performed by the Italians … it has been shown that
it is not pneumonia … but it is: disseminated intravascular coagulation

Therefore, the way to fight it is with antibiotics, antivirals, anti-inflammatories and anticoagulants.

The protocols are being changed here since !

According to valuable information from Italian pathologists, ventilators and intensive care units were never needed.

If this is true for all cases, it is about to be resolved it earlier than expected.


of democratic institutions (Modi)’s poorly planned 45 days curfew didn’t
save us from COVID-19, but killed economy after gobbling the Master Key
by tampering the fraud EVMs/VVPATs and won elections on behalf of Rowdy
rakshasa Swayam Sevaks (RSS) foreigners from Bene Israel who must be
forced to quit Prabuddha Bharat along with their own mother’s flesh
eaters, stooges, slaves and boot lickers.

With typically shoddy execution, Modi’s national curfew could starve to death.

It is
important to note that countries that have so far done a relatively good
job of containing the COVID-19 pandemic have refrained from imposing a
complete, nation-wide, curfew-like lockdown. These
include Singapore, Taiwan, Germany, and Turkey. Even China, where it all
started, placed only the Hubei province under complete curfew, not the
whole country.

Modi has
put 1.3 billion people under a curfew. Since the authorities are using
the word ‘curfew’ in the context of issuing passes, it is fair to call
it a national curfew.

Modi does
not have the capacity to think through the details of planning and
execution. This is turning out to be another demonetisation, with the
typical Modi problem of mistaking theatrics for achievement.

If we
survive the pandemic, we won’t survive the impending economic collapse.
The economy isn’t on Modi’s radar either. He won a national election
despite disastrous economic policies that gave us a 45
year-high unemployment rate. Why should he worry about the economy? Names list as to how many employees and migrant and daily
workers lost their jobs because of the permanent curfew laid by
governments in the name of COVID-19 and suffering with hunger.

Demonetisation and GST resulted in killing demand, and this poorly
planned national curfew will kill supply chains. We’ll be left with the
great Indian discovery, the zero.

Modi announced a national curfew with little notice. He addressed India
at 8 pm, and the curfew came into force at midnight. Just like
demonetisation. Why couldn’t he have given some notice? Why couldn’t he
have done his TV address at 8 am? Maximising prime time attention, you

The home
ministry issued a list of exemptions but try explaining them to the cops
on the street. The police is doing what it loves to do the most:
beating up Indians with lathis. Meanwhile, lakhs
of trucks are stranded on state borders. Supply chains for the most
essential items have been disrupted, including medicines, milk,
groceries, food and newspaper deliveries.

Nobody in
the Modi’s office seems to be aware of any such thing as crop
harvesting, or the Rabi season, as farmers wonder how they’ll do it amid
this national curfew. Only Modi can manage to be so
clever as to
disrupt the country’s medical supply chain while fighting a
pandemic.Modi is the only major world leader who has not yet announced a
financial package. In his first speech, he said the finance minister
will head a committee, but some in the finance ministry said they heard
of this committee from the Modi’s speech. He did announce Rs 15,000
crore extra to meet the health expenditure arising out of the COVID-19
crisis — that is Rs 5,000 crore less than the amount of money he has
kept aside for his narcissistic and unnecessary project of rebuilding
the Central Vista of New Delhi.

At this
rate, more might die of hunger than of COVID-19. Modi’s poor
administrative skills, zero attention span for details, spell disaster
for this crisis. In a few weeks, we might find ourselves overwhelmed
with an epidemic in defiance of official numbers, while the economy
might start looking like the 1980s.

All are Happy, Well, and Secure having calm, quiet, alert, attentive that is Wisdom and
equanimity mind not reacting to good and bad thoughts
with a clear understanding that everything is changing!

With a request
for partnership with allyour esteemed organisations for Discovery of
Awakened One with Awareness Universe (DAOAU) for the welfare, happiness
and peace for all societies.


Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice
University in
 116 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES in Awakened One with Awareness’s own Words
668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL 3rd
Stage, Puniya Bhoomi  Bengaluru- Magadhi Karnataka State -Prabuddha Bharat

Awakened One with Awareness perspective of good governance-

Democratic governance
Shadow man on COVID-19, US story
Major Cause of Death in COVID-19 is Thrombosis, Not Pneumonia
The CDC says they don’t recommend people wear masks to prevent transmitting the virus if you do not have symptoms.


Then the Evil One went to the Blessed One and recited this verse in his presence:

Are you lying there in a stupor,
or drunk on poetry?
Are your goals so very few?
All alone in a secluded lodging,
what is this dreamer, this sleepy-face?

[The Blessed,Noble,Awakened One-The Tathagata:]

I lie here,
not in a stupor,
nor drunk on poetry.
My goal attained,
I am sorrow-free.
All alone in a secluded lodging,
I lie down with sympathy
for all beings.
Even those pierced in the chest
with an arrow,
their hearts rapidly,
even they with their arrows
are able to sleep.
So why shouldn’t I,
with my arrow removed?
I’m not awake with worry,
nor afraid to sleep.
Days & nights
don’t oppress me.
I see no threat of decline
in any world at all.
That’s why I sleep
with sympathy
for all beings.

Then the Evil One — sad & dejected at realizing, “The
Blessed One knows me; the One Well-Gone knows me” — vanished right

Metteyya the Awakened One with Awareness once said, ‘When the ruler of a
country is just and good, the ministers become just and good; when the
ministers are just and good, the higher officials become just and good;
when the higher officials are just and good, the rank and file become
just and good; when the rank and file become just and good, the people
become just and good.

He said
that immorality and crime, such as theft, falsehood, violence, hatred,
cruelty, could arise from poverty. Kings and governments may try to
suppress crime through punishment, but it is futile to eradicate crimes
through force.

He suggested
economic development instead of force to reduce crime. The government
should use the country’s resources to improve the economic conditions of
the country. It could embark on agricultural and rural development,
provide financial support to entrepreneurs and business, provide
adequate wages for workers to maintain a decent life with human dignity.

He had
given to rules for Good Government, known as ‘Dasa Raja Dharma’. These
ten rules can be applied even today by any government which wishes to
rule the country peacefully. The rules are as follows:

1) be liberal and avoid selfishness,

2) maintain a high moral character,

3) be prepared to sacrifice one’s own pleasure for the well-being of the subjects,

4) be honest and maintain absolute integrity,

5) be kind and gentle,

6) lead a simple life for the subjects to emulate,

7) be free from hatred of any kind,

8) exercise non-violence,

9) practise patience, and

10) respect public opinion to promote peace and harmony.

Regarding the behavior of rulers, He further advised:

A good ruler should act impartially and should not be biased and
discriminate between one particular group of subjects against another.

- A good ruler should not harbor any form of hatred against any of his subjects.

- A good ruler should show no fear whatsoever in the enforcement of the law, if it is justifiable.

A good ruler must possess a clear understanding of the law to be
enforced. It should not be enforced just because the ruler has the
authority to enforce the law. It must be done in a reasonable manner and
with common sense. —

a man, who is unfit, incompetent, immoral, improper, unable and
unworthy of kingship, has enthroned himself a king or a ruler with great
authority, he is subject to be tortured‚ to be subject to a variety of
punishment by the people, because, being unfit and unworthy, he has
placed himself unrighteously in the seat of sovereignty. The ruler, like
others who violate and transgress moral codes and basic rules of all
social laws of mankind, is equally subject to punishment; and moreover,
to be censured is the ruler who conducts himself as a robber of the

It is mentioned that a ruler who punishes innocent people and does not punish the culprit is not suitable to rule a country.

king always improves himself and carefully examines his own conduct in
deeds, words and thoughts, trying to discover and listen to public
opinion as to whether or not he had been guilty of any faults and
mistakes in ruling the kingdom. If it is found that he rules
unrighteously, the public will complain that they are ruined by the
wicked ruler with unjust treatment, punishment, taxation, or other
oppressions including corruption of any kind, and they will react
against him in one way or another. On the contrary, if he rules
righteously they will bless him: ‘Long live His Majesty.

emphasis on the moral duty of a ruler to use public power to improve
the welfare of the people had inspired Emperor Asoka in the Third
Century B.C. to do likewise. Emperor Asoka, a sparkling example of this
principle, resolved to live according to and preach the Dhamma and to
serve his subjects and all humanity. He declared his non-aggressive
intentions to his neighbors, assuring them of his goodwill and sending
envoys to distant kings bearing his message of peace and non-aggression.
He promoted the energetic practice of the socio-moral virtues of
honesty, truthfulness, compassion, benevolence, non-violence,
considerate behavior towards all, non-extravagance, non-acquisitiveness,
and non-injury to animals. He encouraged religious freedom and mutual
respect for each other’s creed. He went on periodic tours preaching the
Dhamma to the rural people. He undertook works of public utility, such
as founding of hospitals for men and animals, supplying of medicine,
planting of roadside trees and groves, digging of wells, and
construction of watering sheds and rest houses. He expressly forbade
cruelty to animals.

Tallest Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness Statue

Lord Awakened One with Awareness said (in Pali),

‘Na jacca vasalo hoti na jacca hoti brahmano.
Kammuna vasalo hoti
kammuna hoti brahmano.’
(Not by his birth man is an outcaste or a Brahman;
Only by his own Kamma man becomes an outcaste
or a Brahman.)

Lord Awakened One with Araeness said,

Be hurry, O Bhikkhus, to paddle your boat till it shall reach the other side of the river bank.’

Awakened One with awareness said
Suddhi asuddhi paccattam nanno nannam visodhaye’ (purity and impurity is the matter of an individual; one can, by no means, purify

Are all well, happy and secure!
They are calm, quiet, alert and attentive with their wisdom,
having an equanimity mind treating good and bad let go
with a clear mind that everything is changing!

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Anagatavamsa - The Coming Awakened One wit Awareness,
User avatar
Anagatavamsa - The Coming Awakened One wit Awareness, Ariya Metteyya
The Coming Awakened One wit Awareness, Ariya Metteyya — as described in the Anagatavamsa
have gathered here all the information we could find in the Theravada
tradition concerning the coming Buddha.
[1] In Burma and Sri Lanka, the
coming Awakened One wit Awareness is generally spoken of as Ariya Metteyya, the Noble
[2] The term Ariya was already added to the name in some
post-canonical Pali texts, and it shows the deep respect felt for the
Bodhisatta who will attain Awakening in the best of conditions. Indeed,
all aspects of his career as a Awakened One wit Awareness rank among the highest
achievements of Buddhas of the past as recorded in the Buddhavamsa (The
Chronicle of Awakened One wit Awarenesss).
is only natural that over the years many people have aspired to meet
Awakened One wit Awareness Ariya Metteyya-not only because it has become
less common for
people to attain Awakening, but also because of a natural desire to
encounter such a rare occasion. In his introduction to his edition and
translation of the Dasabodhisatt-uppattikatha (The Birth Stories of the
Ten Bodhisattas), Ven. H. Saddhatissa has given several texts included
in Pali commentaries and chronicles and in Sinhalese Awakened One wit
Awarenesstexts in
which the writers express the wish to meet the coming Awakened One wit Awareness.
commentary on the Jataka stories ends with a poem in which the writer
aspires to be with the Bodhisatta Metteyya in the Tusita Deva world and
to receive a sure prediction of future Buddhahood from him when he
becomes a Awakened One wit Awareness.
[4] Sinhalese versions of the Visuddhimagga end with a
poem in which the writer aspires to rebirth in the Tavatimsa Deva world
and then to final liberation under Awakened One wit Awareness Metteyya.
[5] Ven. Sadhatissa
attributes these verses to Ashin Buddhaghosa, but they seem to be
written by a copyist. Another aspiration to encounter Buddha Metteyya is
found at the end of Sinhalese manuscripts of Ashin Buddha- ghosa’s
[6] Ven.
Saddhatissa also cites many instances from the Pali chronicles
(Mahavamsa and Culavamsa) in which Sinhalese kings honoured Metteyya.
King Dutthagamani of the second century B.C. was considered to be
destined to become the next Awakened One wit Awareness’s chief disciple.
and high-ranking officials in Burma often made similar aspirations.
This seems to have led to building pagodas with five sides at Pagan.
Paul Strachan points out that with the Dhamma-Yazika (Dammrazik) Pagoda,
completed in 1196 by King Sithu II, “The addition of a fifth side to
temple and stupa ground plans in Burma is without precedent throughout
the Buddhist world and the Burmese were possibly the first society
throughout the world to attempt this pentagonal type of plan for a major
architectural work. The origins of this movement lie in contemporary
religious thought: the cults of Mettaya, the future Awakened One wit Awareness, and the
present cycle of five Awakened One wit Awarenesss.”
[8] Two thirteenth-century inscriptions
at the temple in Awakened One wit Awareness Gaya record that repairs on the temple were
carried out through the generosity of King Kyawswa of Burma, and the
concluding verse is an aspiration to become a disciple of Awakened One wit Awareness
[9] As in Sri Lanka, many Buddhist texts end with the aspira-
tion to meet Buddha Ariya Metteyya.
as the future Awakened One wit Awareness Metteyya became more important for Buddhists as
the centuries went by, many of the texts giving infomation about him are
fairly late. The Anagatavamsa is said to have been written by the
author of the Mohavicchedani, Ashin Kassapa (1160-1230 A.D.)
[10] It is
very difficult to know how far back information goes when it is given in
the Pali commentaries, sub-commentaries, chronicles, and other texts
written down after the canon. We have given all the information
available to us that is part of the Theravada tradition, but we must be
careful to remember that texts such as the Dasabodhisattuppattikatha
(The Birth Stories of the Ten Bodhisattas), the Dasabodhisattauddesa,
the Dasavatthuppakarana, and the Sihaavatthuppakarana seem to contain
information that was added at a relatively late date. This is especially
evident in the many variants in various texts for names and numbers.
The Bodhisatta Metteyya
Buddha Ariya Metteyya
The Duration of the Sasana of Awakened One wit Awareness Gotama
The Coming of Awakened One wit Awareness Ariya Metteyya
The Birth of the Next Awakened One wit Awareness
The Wheel-turning Monarch Sankha
The Career of Bodhisatta Metteyya
How to Meet Awakened One wit Awareness Metteyya
Appendix A: The Chronicle of the Future Awakened One wit Awareness
Appendix B: The Aspiration to Meet Awakened One wit Awareness Ari Metteyya
List of Abbreviations
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno… (MN 26)
Access to Insight - Theravada texts
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts
text might be one of the sources of common beliefs in Theravada
countries about the gradual disappearance of the Buddha-Sasana in
several stages, and that nowadays there cannot be any arahants anymore:
The Duration of the Sasana of Awakened One wit Awareness
During the period from the time of Awakened One wit Awareness to the minimum life
span, the Buddha’s Dispensation (Buddha-sasana) will disappear. When
the Awakened One wit Awareness agreed to create the Bhikkhuni Sangha, he told Ven. Ananda
that the Sasana would last only half as long because of this. Instead of
lasting one thousand years, it would last five hundred years. The
commentary on the Abhidhamma text, Dhammasangani, says that when the
First Buddhist Council convened by Ven. Maha-Kassapa rehearsed the Pali
Canon, this made it possible for the Sasana to endure for five thousand
The commentaries on the Vinaya Pitaka[49] and the
Anguttara-nikaya[50] say that the eight important rules which the Buddha
gave to the Bhikkhuni Sangha will make his Teachings last for five
thousand years rather than five hundred. There will be one thousand
years for Arahats who attain analytical insight, one thousand years for
Arahats without those attainments, one thousand years for Non-returners,
one thousand years for Once-returners, and one thousand years for
Stream-winners. After these five thousand years of penetration of the
true Doctrine (pativedha-sadhamma),[51] the accomplishment in the texts
(pariyatti-dhamma) will remain. After the accomplishment in the texts
disappears, the signs (linga) will continue for a long time. …
Other commentaries also speak in terms of five stages of
disappearance (antaradhana) of the Sasana:[53]
(1) First, there will be
the disappearance of attainment (adhigama), which would correspond to
the age of deliverance.
(2) The second disappearance is of the practice
(patipatti), which corresponds to the ages of concentration and
(3) The disappearance of accomplishment in the texts
(pariyatti) is third and corresponds to the age of learning.
(4) The
fourth disappearance is of the signs (linga). During this period, the
only good action left is making gifts to those who wear a yellow strip
of cloth around their necks, so this would correspond to the age of
generosity. When this disappearance occurs, five thousand years will
have passed.[54] After this period there occurs
(5) the disappearance of
the relics (dhatu). When the relics no longer receive honour, they will
assemble at the seat where the Buddha attained Awakening under the
Great Bodhi tree. There, they will make an effigy of the Buddha and
perform a marvel similar to the Twin Marvel and will teach the Doctrine.
No human being will be present, only Devas from the ten thousand world
systems will listen, and many of them will attain release. After that,
the relics will be burned up without remainder.[55]
the Buddhist countries a lot of faith and devotion is directed at the
remaining relics which are put on display in prominent places and
stupas. Different kind of relics of the Buddha and disciples are
Slideshow of the relics exhibition with detailed description at Wat Santidham, Chiang Mai
ภาพถ่าย พระบรมสารีริกธาตุ และพระธาตุ พระสาวก ครูบาอาจารย์ในประเทศไทยและต่างประเทศ
ที่ หอพระธาตุ วัดสันติธรรม จังหวัดเชียงใหม่
Phra Boromasaririkathat พระบรมสารีริกธาตุ
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno… (MN 26)
Access to Insight - Theravada texts
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts - Sutta translations
A related blog post:
traditional Buddhist vision of history sees countless past ages of
humans receiving the Buddhadharma, only to eventually lose it over time
with the world then descending into ignorance. The state of the world
might still nevertheless be pleasant enough, though the lack of
liberating dharma makes it a dark age. The greater cosmology paints most
realms as being in an identical state where tathāgatas arise in the
world and teach the dharma of liberation to beings.
point to note here is that Buddhism is a curious religion in that it
predicts its own demise. It is essentially understood that since all
things are impermanent, then the institution of the sangha which
perpetuates the Buddha’s Dharma likewise will eventually succumb to the
vicissitudes of time and worldly pressure. There is no ultimate end to
such cycles either since time is infinite. The teachings do not conclude
with any sort of ultimate end.
of knowledge are actually very fragile. They depend on transmission
from generation to generation. Even with a large amount of literature in
tow it still requires new generations to adequately master the material
and pass it on to their descendents. A written language is easily lost
when those literate in it fail to pass it on to future generations.
Buddhist traditions are largely oral traditions that exist with vast
canons at their disposal, though the canons rely on oral transmission
and communities rather than vice-versa. If printed works are not
reprinted they will decay. If the practice methods are not conferred to
future generations they will likewise be lost in a few decades. …
are we presently in an age of decline and headed for another dark age?
Buddhism as I’ve outlined before on this blog seems to be in statistical
decline. Some also sense that the quality of teachings and
practitioners has been on the decline as well. I believe this is also
true given the negative effects of modernization and industrialization
coupled with all the subsequent philosophical beliefs which are
essentially opposed to Buddhism that have been forced onto people
through state run education systems. Such belief systems as materialism
are regarded as default and possessing normalcy with anything else as
deviant. With such views as the new norm there is little room for
Buddhist traditions to be respected as anything more than quaint
spiritual traditions. …
as industrial civilization declines and eventually becomes a memory of
antiquity the long-term well-being of Buddhist traditions begs our
consideration. It entirely depends on the people involved in the
project. Preserving canons is one part of the process of continuity, but
there must also be those who transmit the practices, histories and
customs to future generations. The well-being and sustainability of a
tradition is determined largely by the behavior, aspirations and
activities of its members. The responsibility rests on our shoulders.
idea of dark ages and more pressing an imminent dark age might be
unappealing to consider, but dealing with reality and the unappealing
aspects of it is essential. You can’t fix saṃsāra, but you can deal with
the conditions as they emerge and provide some degree of ease for
yourself and others. With proper foresight and precautions a lot of
unnecessary suffering can be avoided. It is my hope Buddhist traditions
become aware of this in the coming decades and suitably prepare. Looking
back over history, Buddhism has been around for twenty-five centuries.
It would be good for it to be around at minimum for another twenty-five
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno… (MN 26)
Access to Insight - Theravada texts
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts - Sutta translations
mentioned above, the ceremony of Vessantaradesanā is annually organized
because it is influenced by the Malaya Sutta[8], which is a
post-canonical text; the author of the sutta is unknown. Another reason
is to maintain Buddhism from the extinction based on the Buddha’s
prediction. According to His prediction, Buddhism will gradually vanish
after it has reached the 2000 years and there will be very few monks who
are well-versed in the Tipitaka. There are five kinds of disappearance
of Buddhism as follows:
1.Pariyatti antaradāra: The disappearance of pariyatti studies(theoretical studies),
2.Paṭipatti antaradāra: The disappearance of paṭipatti (the practice),
3.Paṭiveda antaradāra: The disappearance of paṭiveda( the real experience)
4.Sangha antaradāra: The disappearance of the Sangha,
5.Dhātu antaradara: The disappearance of dhātu( the Buddha’s relics)
the causes of disappearance of Buddhasāsana from the prediction, the
Lao ancient Buddhist scholars made an effort to prevent it from
vanishing by composing and translating the Vessantara Jātaka in various
versions and made it easy in both prose and poems. The poetic version
often brings melodramatic expression which it really attracts the
audiences. Therefore, the Vessantaradesanā is remained until today.
reason why people like the Vessantara Jātaka because Vessantara
Bodhisattva is a righteous, generous and kind. He has the ten qualities
of the righteous king. Therefore, he is a role model of all kinds of
people and they have strong conviction to listen to Vessantaradesanā
because of the Bodhisattva is the present Awakened One wit Awareness.
giving Dāna, most people wish to be reborn in the heavenly realm and
have aspirations to meet the Metteya, the future Buddha. This is also
influenced by the story of Venerable Malayadeva who travelled to heaven
and hells and reported his experience to people in the human world. The
Mettaya told Malaya Thera that if someone has a wish to be reborn in the
time of him, he must listen to the Vessantara Jātaka recitation a whole
day in full of 1000 Pāḷi gathā, he will get benefits from this and will
not reborn as a purgatory beings, but will travel in the saṃsara with
the save boat.
The resource from Thailand mentioned that Malaya sutta in non-canonical
text, but in Hema Goonatilake confirmed that the story of Malaya is not
included in the Tipitaka, it is a post-canonical text, the Malaya
Vatthu, not a sutta, a story about Malaya Thera, Sinhalese monk who had
astral travel to heaven and hells and had a conversation with Maitreya
Deva in Dusita heaven and after he returned to the human realm he
reported experience to the people written in 1208 A.D. or in 13th
Bhikkhu Gavesako
Kiṃkusalagavesī anuttaraṃ santivarapadaṃ pariyesamāno… (MN 26)
Access to Insight - Theravada texts
Ancient Buddhist Texts - Translations and history of Pali texts
was wondering what the origin of the knowledge presented in the
Anagatavamsa is if the text was written almost two millenia after Buddha
lived. Did Buddha himself see the future (eg about Buddha Metteya and
the decline of the sassana) and teach it to His disciples, who
maintained the oral tradition until it was written down almost 2,000
years later? I’m trying to figure out how reliable the Anagatavamsa is.
Thank you,
Metteyya Music
Maitreya Mantra Music
Mantra Music ~ music to inspire the space of loving kindness ~
orchestration and production Jeremy Alsop, vocals by Annah Mirananda and
Violin by Ru…
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i - Topic
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Europe’s Tallest Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness Statue Unveiled in Russia.

Russia is now home to the tallest  Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness statue in Europe.

30-ton golden monument to the Metteyya bodhisattva who will appear in
the future was unveiled in Russia’s Buddhist stronghold of Kalmykia on

Sitting at 12.5 meters tall, the Russian Buddha in the
Kalmyk city of Lagan overtakes the 10-meter Buddha tucked away in the
Pagode de Vincennes of Paris.

Kalmykia had housed Europe’s previous tallest Buddhist sculpture in late 2005.

Buddhism is one of five religions considered to be traditional to Russia.

estimated 1 million Buddhists live in Russia, mainly in the republics
of Kalmykia, Tuva and Buryatia where the religion is traditionally

Discovery of Metteyya the Awakened One with Awareness Universe(DMAOAU)

Metteyya will appear on Earth in the future, achieve complete Awakeness with Awareness and teach the pure Dhamma.

to scriptures,  Metteyya will be a successor to the present Buddha the
Awakened One with Awareness Gautama Buddha (also known as Śākyamuni

Where is Metteyya now?

… according to the text, Metteyya (Buddha-to-be) is residing in Tusita
Heaven. There are six heavens and 20 Brahma realms, Tusita is known as
the most beautiful among heavens. Think of it as a holding zone, when
the time comes, he will rise as a Buddha.

How many bodhisattvas are there?

four Bodhisattvas

There are several lists of four Bodhisattvas according to scripture and local tradition.

Four Great Bodhisattvas

What is the role of a Bodhisattva?

are awakened with awareness beings who postpone their own salvation in
order to help all sentient beings. The bodhisattva is an ideal type, not
a depiction of an historical person. like the Buddha. They are
compassionate figures who help worshipers.

Who is the present Buddha?

Buddhas of the past are represented, together with the current Buddha,
Gautama Buddha, with his Bodhi Tree (at the extreme right).

Who will be next Buddha?

to Buddhist tradition, Metteyya is a bodhisattva who will appear on
Earth in the future, achieve complete enlightenment, and teach the pure
dharma. According to scriptures, Metteyya will be a successor to the
present Buddha, Gautama Buddha (also known as Śākyamuni Buddha).

Who is Metteyya the World Teacher?

role of World Teacher is now held by Metteyya; the previous holder of
the office was the Buddha. This is an office in our Spiritual Hierarchy
of Masters, who are gradually returning to the everyday world where once
they lived as men. Metteyya is not a religious teacher but a spiritual
teacher in the broadest sense.

Is the Dalai Lama a Bodhisattva?
14th and current Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso, who lives as a refugee in
Prabuddha Bharat The Dalai Lama is also considered to be the successor
in a line of tulkus who are believed to be incarnations of
Avalokiteśvara, a Bodhisattva of Compassion.

Is Buddha a god?

Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, is also venerated as a manifestation
of God in Hinduism and the Bahá’í faith. Some Hindu texts regard Buddha
as an avatar of the god Vishnu, who came to Earth to delude beings away
from the Vedic religion. He is also regarded as a prophet of Islam by
the Ahmadiyyah.

Is bodhisattva a God? 

bodhisattva aims to liberate all sentient beings. … But the Hero, by
willingly sacrificing himself, brings about a change in the Author, a
blossoming of compassion, consistent with the Mahayana Buddhist view
that not only Buddhas but also bodhisattvas are more awakened with
awareness than Gods.

Can anyone become a Bodhisattva?

there isn’t really anything you can do to become a bodhisattva
instantly on the spot. … So a bodhisattva can meditate only for the
benefit of others if they are doing it as a shepherd bodhisattva. There
are meditations you can do to help to open out to others and develop
loving kindness and compassion.

How do Bodhisattvas help others?

are beings who have attained awakenment with awareness and who aim to
help others to achieve it too. When people achieve awakenment with
awarene, they become free from samsara, rebirth and suffering. Due to
Bodhisattvas’ aim of helping others to achieve awakenment with awarene,
they are often depicted in Buddharupas.

How do you identify a Bodhisattva?

are usually depicted as less austere or inward than the Buddha the
awakened One with Awareness. Renouncing their own salvation and
immediate entrance into Nibbana, they devote all their power and energy
to saving suffering beings in this world.

How does one become a Bodhisattva?

this is taken in the presence of a Buddha the awakened One with
Awareness, as Buddha the awakened One with Awareness generated
bodhicitta in the presence of the Buddha the awakened One with Awareness
Dipankara, but it may also be taken in the presence of a teacher or a
statue representing the Buddha the awakened One with Awareness. A
bodhisattva may be lay or monastic. A bodhisattva seeks to perfect
morality (i.e., compassion).

What does Bodhisattva literally mean?

Word Origin for Bodhisattva
literally: one whose essence is awakenment with awareness, from bodhi awakenment with awareness + sattva essence.

26 July, 2007 by feloniousvindaloo

The Metteyya Project, Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
…The World’s tallest statue and a brilliant religious masterpiece dedicated to the Metteyya Buddha!

Now, another
great religious project has officially been given the go-ahead in one of
the poorest parts of India. The Maitreya Project is a tribute to
Buddhism for and from the land of the Buddha and is as a multi-faith
cooperative designed by Tibetans who call India their home as as a
lasting gift to India and Buddhism.

In this era of veritable skyscraper-hedonism (*cough*Dubai*coughh*
j/k), this project is unique in that it is designed to fulfill a
completely selfless goal, namely “to benefit as many people as
possible.” A monumental sustainable work of art that will serve as a
constant source of inspiration and a symbol of loving-kindness, work
will soon begin on the 152 meter-tall Maitreya Buddha Statue that is the
centerpiece of a large temple complex.

An engineering
marvel that at will not only be — at three times the size of the Statue
of Liberty — the world’s tallest statue and world’s tallest temple but
will also be the world’s largest (first?) statue-skyscraper, designed to
have a lifespan surpassing a 1,000 years.

For more information and a large collection of pictures of this beautiful project originally posted by me on, read on!…


focal point of Indian architecture, like its culture, has always been
religious in nature. Just as the Indian economic boom is bringing
incredible economic and architectural growth in the secular area, so has
Indian religious architecture once again become manifest in the
construction of some of the largest, massive, and most intricate
religious architecture the world has seen, from the recently completed
Akshardham Temple, New Delhi — the largest volume Hindu Temple in India,
to the under construction Global Vipassana Pagoda, Mumbai — the largest
stupa, largest dome, and largest rock cave in the world, to the planned
Sri Mayapur Vedic Temple and Planetarium, Mayapur, the world’s tallest Hindu temple.

And now the
Maitreya Buddha Statue is to be another gem added to this crow. The
statue is a veritable temple-skyscraper that will contain 17 individual
shrine rooms. The highest room at 140 meters high — the equviliant
height of the 40th storey of a standard building. This statue and
complex will be a fusion of Indian and Tibetan architectural styles
that will adhere to ancient Vaastu Shastra design code and will also
hold the world’s largest collection of Lord Buddha’s relics.

A cutaway view of the 152 meter Maitreya statue and throne building
showing the spaces and levels within. Note that the throne itself will
be a 17 storey fully functional temple, with 15 additional shrine rooms
in the the body of the Maitreya statue.

Apart from the
statue/skyscraper, the Maitreya Project organizers will also build free
hospitals and schools servicing tens of thousands of poor, and also be a
huge catalyst for infrastructure and tourism development efforts in one of the most economically backwards parts of India.

The project is
a joint religious collaboration by
organizations representing the various sects and faiths that revere the
Buddha: from Hinduism to Mahayana to Vajrayana to Hinayana to Jaina to
Christian and Muslim. Under guidance of the overall project
conceptualizer, Nepalese-Tibetan spiritual leader Lama Zopa Rinpoche,
the Project was funded by Buddhist and Hindu temples, social
organizations, religious groups and by individuals in India, Nepal,
Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Tibet, China, Japan, Korea, the UK and America.

Through this project, India once again shows that the
ancient arts of massive devotional architecture continues to undergo a
veritable renaissance.


The Metteyya Complex: Project Detail

^ A prerendering of the
Metteyya Buddha statue and temple, showing its massive size.

The MetteyyaProject “is based on the
belief that inner peace and outer peace share a cause and effect
relationship and that loving-kindness leads to peace at every level of
society — peace for individuals, families, communities and the world.”

The entire temple complex is designed to be completely sustainable,
meaning that it will quite literally have the same environmental impact
(i.e. emit the same amount of carbon dioxide and methane) as the paddy
field it will be constructed.

The Project will include schools
and universities that focus on ethical and spiritual development as well
as academic achievement, and a healthcare network based around a
teaching hospital of international standard with the intention of
supplementing the medical services currently provided by the government
to provide healthcare services, particularly for the poor and

As such, the Metteyya Project organizers are working in tandem with
the local, regional and state governments in Uttar Pradesh, India, who
have fully supported the project. To this effect, the Kushinara
Special Development Area Authority will support the planned development
of the area surrounding the Project.

The total project cost is estimated at $250 million,
but the project will develop this impoverished region and will earn a
hundredfold more that will be funneled into the Maitreya Project’s
historical preservation plans and charities.

Metteyya Project engineers on-site


The Location of the





Buddha project was originally concieved to be built in Bodh Gaya, Bihar state,
the site of the Buddha’s enlightenment, but due to threat of delays due
to red tape, was moved to what was seen to be a more appropriate
location, the village of Kushinagar, in Uttar Pradesh state.

Kushinara is a
place of great historical and spiritual significance. It is the place
where Shakyamuni (Historical) Buddha passed away and it is predicted to
be the birthplace of the next Buddha, Maitreya – the Buddha of
Loving-kindness - of whom this temple is dedicated to.

^ The original conception of the
Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness statue, then to be located at Bodh Gaya

Recognising the long-term benefits Maitreya Project is bringing to
the region, the State Government of Uttar Pradesh is providing, free of
charge, 750 acres of mainly agricultural land in Kushinagar.

^ A view of the
Metteyya Project land site, currently rice paddy

Indeed, the
Project itslef will be located adjacent to the ancient Mahaparinirvana
Temple, commemorating the Buddha’s passing, the ancient Ramabhar Stupa,
commemorating the Buddha’s cremation site, as well as several equally
old and older Hindu temples. It
is predicted that the pilgrimage, tourism and development capital that
will flow into this region because of this project will created
sustainable income for the restoration, refurbishment and maintinance of
these ancient sacred sites.

Surrounding the complex is the Kushinagar Special Development Area,
designed as a sustainable development entity that will coordinate the
various organizations involved in the project and surrounding tourist
and general development that will come with the project.


The Kushinara Special Development Area

The MetteyyaProject
and the Uttar Pradesh have worked together to create the Kushinagar
Special Development Area (KSDA), an additional area of 7.5 kilometres
surrounding the
MetteyyaProject site.

Municipal bylaws and planning regulations have now been adopted to
protect the KSDA from the kind of opportunism that is often seen in
communities of emerging economic development.
Metteyya Project has
representation on the legal bodies governing the KSDA as well as the
work of monitoring the development of the region will be ongoing.

It is within the KSDA that Maitreya Project will implement its extensive healthcare and education programmes.


Metteyya Project Preliminary Site Plan

Metteyya Project’s lead architects, Aros Ltd., have drawn up a
preliminary proposed plan for the beautiful 750 acre Kushinagar site.

Main features being:

  • The Ceremonial Gateway & Metteyya Statue Sanctuary will lead visitors to the 500ft/152m

    Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness statue.

  • The Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

    will sit on the Throne Building containing temples, prayer halls,
    exhibition halls, a museum, library and audio-visual theatre.

  • The Hospital and Healthcare Centre will be the hub of Metteyya Project’s public healthcare programmes.
    The development of these programmes will begin with primary care
    clinics in the communities of the Kushinara Special Development Area.
    Over the years, the medical services will be developed and expanded to
    meet the needs of many communities. A complete healthcare
    network will be developed to provide medical services that are centred
    around a teaching hospital of international standard. The healthcare
    system will primarily serve the poor and under-privileged, even in
    remote parts of the area.
  • The Centre of Learning, will eventually serve students from primary to university levels of education.
  • The
    Meditation Park will be a secluded area next to the ancient
    Mahaparinirvana Temple, which commemorates Buddha Shakyamuni’s passing
    away from our world, the ancient Ramabhar Stupa, commemorating the
    Buddha’s holy cremation site,
    and monasteries and temples belonging to many different traditions of
    Buddhism that include both modern facilities and ancient ruins.

^ A View from the
Metteyya Project Park

All of these features will be set in beautifully landscaped parks
with meditation pavilions, beautiful water fountains and tranquil pools.
All of the buildings and outdoor features will contain an extensive
collection of inspiring sacred art.

^ A view of the temple from the gardens surrounding the site


The Statue of the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

The center of the Metteyya Project, of course, is the bronze plate statue of the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

Rising 500ft/152m in height, the statue will sit on a stone throne
temple building located in an enclosed sanctuary park.


The Living Wall:

Surrounding the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

is a four-storey halo of buildings called the “Living Wall.” This ring
of buildings contains accomadation for the complex’s monks and workers
as well as rooms for functions ancillary to the statue and throne

The wall also serves two additional important functions. In light of
cross-border Islamist terrorist attacks against Indian holy sites in
Ayodhya, Akshardham and Jama Masjid, the Living Wall also is designed to be a security cordon
eqivalent to a modern castle wall, staffed with security personnel and
designed to withstand an attack from 200 heavily armed raiders.

^ Prerendering of the Statue showing the location of the living wall, main gate, paths and garden areas.

The final
major function it performs is that of the boundary for the enclosed
sanctuary area of landscaped gardens, pools and fountains for meditation
directly surrounding the
Metteyya statue. The entry to the enclosed sanctuary and the Maitreya statue will be serviced by a main gate.

^ The tree and stupa lined paths to the ceremonial gate, which is the entrance to the sanctuary.

Passing the ceremonial gate, landscaped paths allow devotes to do Pradakshina (circumambulation) of the Maitreya Statue.

^ The terraced circumambulation paths, with the gate in the background.

Within the sanctuary, the gardens provide a place for relaxing,
resting, and meditating, with educational artwork depicting the Buddha’s

^ A view towards the statue from one of these stupa lined terraces.

Walking further inward, the is Metteyya Statue and Throne Temple,
surrounded by tranquil ponds and fountains that will cool the area in
the intense Indian summer.

^ The
Metteyya statue and throne surrounded by the tranquil ponds containing Buddha statues of the meditation sanctuary.


The Throne Temple:

“seat” of the statue is itelf a fully functioning 17-storey temple
roughly 80m x 50m in size. The building will contain two very large
prayer halls,
as well as meditation and meeting rooms, a library and facilities to
deal with the anticipated annual influx of 2 million visitors.

^ The entrance to the throne building with the
Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

statue resting upon the lotus on top

Pilgrims will enter the throne temple through the giant lotus that
supports the Maitreya Buddha statue’s feet. The throne temple contains
several entrance rooms that contain works of art on the Buddha’s life
and teachings.

^ The first major prayer hall of throne building, containing works of art on the Buddha.

Continuing inward is the cavernous main auditorium of the Metteyya Temple containing the Sanctum Sanctorum which
in Indian architectural tradition is the innermost most sacred room
where the actual shrine is held. This Sanctum Sanctorum is unique in
that within it contains two large auditorium temples.

The first
temple in the Sanctum Sanctorum is the Temple of the Maitreya Buddha,
containing a huge, 12 meter tall statue of the Buddha.

^ Upon entering the Sanctum Sanctorum, the 12 meter tall statue of the Buddha can be glimpsed.

A wall
containing 200,000 images of the Buddhas rises up to the throne ceiling
over 50 metres above, behind both auditorium temples.

^ A glimpse from the ambulatory of the side walls within the Maitreya Temple and the 1,000 paintings of the Buddhas.

The centerpiece shrine of the Metteyya Temple is the 12 meter tall Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

. Stairs and elevators lead to viewing platforms around the Maitreya Temple, allowing views of the entire room

^ A view of the
Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

statue and the wall of the 200,000 images of the Buddha, seen from viewing platforms.

The next biggest shrine in the Sanctum Sanctorum is the Temple of the Shakyamuni Buddha
which contains a 10 meter statue of the Shakyamuni (Historical) Buddha.
Behind the shrine is the continuation of the wall of 200,000 Buddhas.

On a higher level yet again, the Shakyamuni Temple will house a 10
metre (33 ft.) statue of the historical Buddha. The glass rear wall will
reveal the wall of 200,000 Buddhas within the Maitreya Temple.

^ Another view of the Shakyamuni Temple.

In Indian architecture, the Sanctum Sanctorum is encircled by a
pathway that allows devotees to do Pradakshina (circumambulation) of the
shrine. The Maitreya Temple, following this tradition, also has this

The main throne building and Pradakshina path where visitors may
circumambulate Sanctum Sanctorum of the Maitreya Temple, which can be
seen through the doorways on the right

From this
area, elevators and staircases will carry visitors to the various other
rooms in the 17 storey base, including prayer halls, meditation halls
and libraries. Eventually conveying devotees to a large rooftop garden
terrace upon which the Maitreya Buddha statue actually rests.

Here, rising into the upper legs of the main statue, is the Merit Field Hall
with a 10 meter, 3-dimensional depiction of over 390 Buddhas and
Buddhist masters at it’s center. Surrounding this will be 12 individual
shrine rooms devoted to particular deities in the Hindu-Buddhist

^ The Merit Field Hall with its 10m, 3-D depiction.

From the
garden terrace, another bank of elevators will whisk pilgrims to the
higher shrine rooms contained in the statue’s torso and head.


The Statue:

The statue will contain 15 individual shrine rooms and have a
total height of 152 meters, with the highest shrine room in the
statue’s head, at over 140 meters up. This is roughly equivalent in height to a 40-storey skyscraper.

^ A cutaway diagram of the statue-tower.

The statue is
itself an engineering marvel. Rather than simply be designed in its
massive size, the statue of the Maitreya Buddha was actually
reversed-designed from a carved statue only a meter and half in height
and the structure’s engineering extrapolated into its current form.

The original statue from which the
Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness

statue tower is
extrapolated from was hand carved, and is in the Indian Gupta style.

Moreover, the
statue is designed to stand for at least 1,000 years, supporting the
Project’s spiritual and social work for at least a millennium.
Due to the statue’s millenia-passing lifespan, the huge structure is
designed to withstand high winds, extreme temperature changes, seasonal
rains, possible earthquakes and floods and environmental pollution.

Extensive research has gone into developing “Nikalium”, the
special nickel-aluminum bronze alloy to be used for the outer ’skin’ of
the statue designed to withstand the most challenging conditions that
could conceivably arise.

As the bronze ’skin’ will expand and contract dramatically due to
daily temperature changes, the statue will require special expansion
joints that were designed to be not only invisible to the observer, but
also in such a way as to protect the internal supports of the statue
from water leakage, erosion and corrosion. The material and structural
components of the statue are meant to be able to withstand potential
unforseen disasters like earthquakes and monsoon flooding.

^ The engineering process of the Buddha statue.


Construction Status — June, 2007

The Metteyya Project recently passed its first major milestone this month,
when, in compliance with the Indian Land Acquistion Act, the State
Government of Uttar Pradesh has completed the necessary legal
requirements for the acquisition of the 750 acre land site to be made
available to the Project.

While there
are still permissions and clearances to be obtained, it has now
officially given the green light and the full support of the government.

It is expected
that the Project will formally break ground either later this year or
early 2008, with an expected construction time of five years. The
project will employ more than a thousand skilled and semi-skilled
workers in the construction phase.


For more information on this fantastic project, check out

Sorry for the length of the post, but I wanted this veritable essay
to be a comprehensive introduction to what
Metteyya Project organizers
aim to literally be the 8th Wonder of the World, and an everlasting
symbol of Religious Syncretism, Tolerance, Compassion and most of all,

A cause truely fitting of the Buddha, Shakya Muni Sri Siddharth Gautamaji.

American Buddhist Net

Uttar Pradesh to boast of world’s tallest Buddha statue

Fri, 2008-03-28 10:32 — ABN

Does this sound good to you? Here’s a story about something similar in Australia: Nowra to get its own Kung Fu temple: Australia ABN

Tuesday, 25 March , 2008, 18:25

Lucknow: Decks are being cleared for the installation of the world’s
tallest Buddha statue in Kushinara town of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati was understood to have
directed officials to speed up the acquisition and transfer of 600 acres
of land required for the Rs 10 billion project to be funded and
undertaken by the global Maitryi Group. Provision of land is UP
government’s share in the project.

For more news, analysis click here>> | For more Science and Medicine news click here >>

The project involves installation of a 152-metre-tall bronze statue
of Lord Buddha along with a giant meditation centre, an international
university, a state-of-art world-class hospital and a museum. The
project also envisages an entertainment complex in the neighbourhood
that would include an amusement park and a five-star hotel.

Nowra to get its own Kung Fu temple: Australia

Sat, 2006-06-10 08:25 — ABN

The more I read about this temple, the less I like it. See also this. ABN

There will be a three-tier temple complex, with two pagodas,
500-room hotel, a 500-place kung fu academy. There’ll be some
residential subdivision, a 27-hole golf course, herbal medicine, herbal
gardens, acupuncture, special massage, and that’s about it.

AM - Saturday, 10 June , 2006 08:24:30
Reporter: John Taylor
ELIZABETH JACKSON: It’s probably the most famous temple in the world.

China’s Shaolin Temple has been made famous through books, films, and TV, because of its legendary kung fu fighting monks.

Now, the Zen Buddhist temple is looking to build another home for its monks, outside Nowra in New South Wales.

A deal to purchase 1,200 hectares will be signed in China today, as our Correspondent, John Taylor, reports.


JOHN TAYLOR: In the history of kung fu, there is no other place like the Shaolin Temple.

The 1,500-year-old Zen Buddhist monastery in central China is home
to fighting monks, made famous in modern times on the big and small

If things go to plan, the monks may be about to set up a lavish home away from home, just south of Nowra.

Greg Watson is Mayor of the Shoalhaven City Council.

GREG WATSON: There will be a three-tier temple complex, with two pagodas, 500-room hotel, a 500-place kung fu academy.

There’ll be some residential subdivision, a 27-hole golf course,
herbal medicine, herbal gardens, acupuncture, special massage, and
that’s about it.

JOHN TAYLOR: Today in central China’s Henan province Mayor Watson
and the Temple’s Abbott are to sign off on the monks’ purchase of a
1,200 hectare property south of Nowra.

Patrick Peng is the Abbott’s representative in Australia.

PATRICK PENG: The Shaolin of course is very well known in China
itself, so he like to take this opportunity to try to introduce the
Shaolin legacy, the heritage to the rest of the world, through another

JOHN TAYLOR: The NSW Government is still to give final approval to
the project. But speaking in Beijing yesterday, Mayor Greg Watson wasn’t
expecting a fight.

GREG WATSON: What happened was, I heard via a Member of Parliament,
that the Abbott was looking for a potential location to establish the
second Shaolin temple in the world, somewhere in Australia, and I said
have I got a deal for the Abbott?

JOHN TAYLOR: Who says religion and big business can’t mix?

The Shaolin Temple already has a performance touring the world, featuring the impressive skills of its fighting monks.

The Abbott’s man in Australia, Patrick Peng, says Shaolin is not just about kung fu.

PATRICK PENG: You know, it’s culture.

JOHN TAYLOR: Well can you have the two together, a tourist attraction and a functioning temple?

PATRICK PENG: Oh yes, in fact, on the contrary. Nowadays many
religions, not only just Buddhism, Daoism, they’re all trying to make
themselves more relevant to the modern world, and really they’re not
exclusive, they’re not just men in the caves, you know.

So what they’re trying to do is to share the philosophies and the lifestyle, the healthy lifestyle, to the world.

ELIZABETH JACKSON: Patrick Peng, who represents the Abbott of the
Shaolin Temple in Australia, ending that report from John Taylor.

Thaindian News

Uttar Pradesh to have world’s tallest Buddha statue

March 25th, 2008 - 3:37 pm ICT by admin

Lucknow, March 25 (IANS) Decks are being cleared for the
installation of the world’s tallest Buddha statue in Kushinara town of
eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati was understood to have directed
officials to speed up the acquisition and transfer of 600 acres of land
required for the Rs.10 billion project to be funded and undertaken by
the global
Metteyya group.

Proviuion of land is UP government’s share in the project.

The project involves installation of a 152-metre-tall bronze statue
of Lord Buddha along with a giant meditation centre, an international
university, a state-of-art world-class hospital and a museum. The
project also envisages an entertainment complex in the neighbourhood
that would include an amusement park and a five-star hotel.

UP Chief Secretary Prashant Kumar Misra presided over a high level
meeting of state officials, in which representatives from
Metteyya were
present here Monday. A presentation on the project was made.

Significantly, the project was initiated during the previous tenure
of Chief Minister Mayawati in 2003, after which it was put on the
backburner during the Mulayam Singh Yadav regime.

“Since then, it had been hanging fire, so we decided to revive it after Maitryi officials approached us,” Misra told IANS.

He said: “Of the 600 acres required for the project, we need to acquire only about 300 acres while the rest is government land.

“The government had already started the acquisition process. The
whole project would not involve any major displacement of people and not
more than 70-80 farmers would be involved,” he said.

“We have worked out a handsome rehabilitation package for the farmers who would get displaced on account of the project.”

UP to have world’s tallest Buddha statue

Published: Wednesday, 26 March, 2008, 08:05 AM Doha Time

LUCKNOW: World’s tallest Buddha statue will be installed in Kushinara town of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
Minister Mayawati has asked officials to speed up acquisition and
transfer of 600 acres of land required for the Rs10bn project to be
funded and undertaken by the global
Metteyya group.
The state
government will give the land for the project which involves
installation of a 152m tall bronze statue of Lord Buddha along with a
giant meditation centre, an international university, a state-of-art
hospital and a museum.
The project also envisages an entertainment
complex in the neighbourhood that would include an amusement park and a
five-star hotel.
Uttar Pradesh Chief Secretary Prashant Kumar Misra
presided over a high level meeting of state officials, in which
representatives from
Metteyya were present here on Monday. A presentation
on the project was made.
The project was initiated during the previous tenure of Mayawati in 2003, after which it was put on the backburner.
“Since then, it had been hanging fire, so we decided to revive it after
Metteyya officials approached us,” Misra said.
the 600 acres required for the project, we need to acquire only about
300 acres while the rest is government land,” he said.- IANS


India eNews Logo

From correspondents in Uttar Pradesh, India, 03:33 PM IST

Decks are being cleared for the installation of the world’s tallest Buddha statue in Kushinara town of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati was understood to have
directed officials to speed up the acquisition and transfer of 600 acres
of land required for the Rs.10 billion project to be funded and
undertaken by the global
Metteyya group.

Proviuion of land is UP government’s share in the project.

The project involves installation of a 152-metre-tall bronze statue
of Lord Buddha along with a giant meditation centre, an international
university, a state-of-art world-class hospital and a museum. The
project also envisages an entertainment complex in the neighbourhood
that would include an amusement park and a five-star hotel.

UP Chief Secretary Prashant Kumar Misra presided over a high level
meeting of state officials, in which representatives from 
Metteyya were
present here Monday. A presentation on the project was made.

Significantly, the project was initiated during the previous tenure
of Chief Minister Mayawati in 2003, after which it was put on the
backburner during the Mulayam Singh Yadav regime.

‘Since then, it had been hanging fire, so we decided to revive it after Maitryi officials approached us,’ Misra told IANS.

He said: ‘Of the 600 acres required for the project, we need to acquire only about 300 acres while the rest is government land.

‘The government had already started the acquisition process. The
whole project would not involve any major displacement of people and not
more than 70-80 farmers would be involved,’ he said.

‘We have worked out a handsome rehabilitation package for the farmers who would get displaced on account of the project.’

India - Uttar Pradesh - Kushinagar Buddhist Site

Kushinara Buddhist Site

Population : 14,000
Distance : 55km from Gorakhpur

¤ Kushinagar - A Site of Buddhist Parinirvana


in Deoria district of eastern Uttar Pradesh, Kushinagra was a small
town in the days of the Buddha. But it became famous when the Buddha
died here, on his way from Rajgir to Sravasti. His last memorable words
were, “All composite things decay. Strive diligently!” This event is
known as the ‘Final Blowing-Out’ (Parinibbana) in Buddhist parlance.
Since then the place has become a celebrated pilgrim centre. It was the
capital of the kingdom of the Mallas, one of the 16 Janapadas (see

¤ Places of Interest

Muktabandhana Stupa
Muktabandhana Stupa was built by the Mallas just after the Buddha’s
death. It is built over the sacred relics of the Buddha himself. The
Stupa is also known as Ramabhar Stupa and is 50 ft tall. It is believed
that the Stupa was built on the spot where the Buddha was cremated.

Nibbana Stupa
1km west of the Muktabandhana Stupa is the
Nirvana Stupa that was built in the days of Ashoka. It was renovated in
1927 by the Burmese Buddhists. In front of the Stupa is the
Mahaparinirvana Temple in which is installed a colossal sandstone statue
of the Buddha in the reclining position. It was built by the Mathura
school of art and was brought to Kushinagar by a Buddhist monk named
Haribala during the reign of Kumaragupta (c. a.d.415-454).


Once in Kushinara, it appears that time has come to
a complete halt. This sleepy town, with its serenity and unassuming
beauty, absorbs visitors into a contemplative mood. It is this place
that the Buddha had chosen to free himself from the cycles of death and
life and, therefore, it occupies a very special space in the heart of
every Buddhist.
Kushinara is situated in the north
Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, 51 km off Gorakhpur. The place, which is
famous for the Mahaparinirvana (death) of Lord Buddha, has been included
in the famous Buddhist trail encompassing Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and
Kushinara is also known as Kasia or Kusinara. The founder of
Buddhism, Lord Buddha passed away at this place near the Hiranyavati
River and was cremated at the Ramabhar stupa. It was once a celebrated
center of the Malla kingdom. Many of its stupas and viharas date back to
230 BC-AD 413. when its prosperity was at the peak. The Mauryan emperor
Ashoka added grandeur to this place by getting the magnificent statue
of Buddha carved on a single piece of red sandstone. Fa Hien, Huen
Tsang, and I-tsing, the three famous Chinese scholar travelers to India,
all visited Kushinara.

With the decline of Buddhism, however, Kushinara lost its
importance and suffered much neglect. It was only in the last century
that Lord Alexander Cunningham excavated many important remnants of the
main site such as the Matha Kua and Ramabhar stupa. Today, people from
all over the world visit Kushinara. Many national and international
societies and groups have established their centers here.

Like other places in the Gangetic plain, the
climate of Kushinagar is hot and humid in the summers
(mid-April-mid-September) with Maximum Temperature touching 40-45°C.
Winters are mild
and Minimum Temperature in December can go down to
around 5°C. Monsoon reaches this region in June and remains here till

Around 22,35,505 people live here

Hindi and Bhojpuri

Places of Interest

Mahaparinirvana Temple
Mahaparinirvana temple (also known as the Nirvana temple) is the main
attraction of Kushinagar. It is a single room structure, which is raised
on a platform and is topped by a superstructure, which conforms to the
traditional Buddhist style of architecture. The Mahaparinirvana temple
houses the world famous 6m (19.68 ft) long statue of the reclining

This statue was discovered during the excavation of 1876 by British
archaeologists. The statue has been carved out from sandstone and
represents the dying Buddha. The figures carved on the four sides of the
small stone railing surrounding the statue, show them mourning the
death of Lord Buddha. According to an inscription found in Kushinara,
the statue dates back to the 5th century AD.
It is generally believed
that Haribala, a Buddhist monk brought the statue of the reclining
Buddha to Kushinara, from Mathura during 5th century, during the period
of the Gupta Empire.

Nirvana Stupa
The Nibbana stupa is located behind the
Mahaparinibbana temple. British archaeologists discovered this brick
structure during the excavation carried out in 1876. Subsequent
excavations carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
unearthed a copper vessel, which contained the remains of Lord Buddha
apart from precious stones, cowries and a gold coin belonging to the
Gupta Empire. The copper vessel bore the inscription that the ashes of
Lord Buddha had been interred here.

Mathakuar Shrine
The Mathakuar Shrine is an interesting
place to visit in Kushinara. It is located near the Nibbana stupa. A
statue of Buddha made out of black stone was found here. The statue
shows Buddha in the Bhumi Sparsha mudra (pose in which Buddha is
touching the earth with his fingers). It is believed that Lord Buddha
preached his last sermon here before his death.

Ramabhar Stupa
The Ramabhar Stupa (also known as the
Mukutabandhana stupa) is a 14.9 m (49 ft) tall brick stupa, which is
located at a distance of 1 km from the Mahaparinirvana temple. This
stupa is built on the spot where Lord Buddha was cremated in 483 BC.
Ancient Buddhist scriptures refer this stupa as the Mukutabandhana
stupa. It is said that the Malla rulers, who ruled Kushinara during the
death of Buddha built the Ramabhar stupa.

Modern Stupas
Kushinara has a number of modern stupas
and monasteries, which have been built, by different Buddhist countries.
The important shrines worth visiting are the Chinese stupa and the
IndoJapan-Sri Lankan Buddhist Centre.

Kushinagar Museum
The Kushinara Museum (Archaeological
Museum) is located near the IndoJapan-Sri Lankan Buddhist Centre. The
museum has a collection of artefacts like statues, carved panels etc
excavated from various stupas and monasteries in Kushinara and places
around it.

Fifty-one kilometers
off Kushinara is Gorakhpur, an important city of eastern Uttar Pradesh.
At Gorakhpur is the Rahul Sanskrityayan Museum, which has an excellent
collection of Thanka paintings and relics of the Buddha. The water
sports complex at Ramgarh Tal Planetarium and the Gorakhnath Temple in
the city are also worth a visit.

Kapilavastu (Piprahwa)
Situated 148 km from Kushinara
and is an important Buddhist pilgrimage. Kapilavastu was the ancient
capital of the Sakya clan ruled by Gautama Buddha’s father.

Situated in Nepal at a distance of 122 km from
Gorakhpur, Lumbini is the birthplace of Lord Buddha. There are regular
buses to the Nepalese border, from where the remaining 26 km has to be
covered by private vehicles

How to get there
The nearest airhead is located at Varanasi from where one can take flights to Delhi, Calcutta, Lucknow, and Patna.

Kushinara does not have a railway station. The
nearest railway station is at Gorakhpur (51 km), which is the
headquarters of Northeastern Railways and linked to important
destinations. Some important trains to Gorakhpur are
Bombay-Gorakhpur-Bandra Express, New Delhi-Barauni-Vaishali Express,
Cochin-Gorakhpur Express, Shaheed Express, Amarnath Express, and
Kathgodam Express.

Kushinara is well connected to other parts of the
state of Uttar Pradesh by bus. The distances from places around are :
Gorakhpur (51 km), Lumbini (173 km), Kapilavastu (148 km), Sravasti (254
km), and Sarnath (266 km), and Agra (680 km).


Awakening with awareness Odyssey

It was a prediction that
set it off. Terrified that his son might one day renounce the world to
become a great seer, King Suddhodhana of the Shakyas, a small kingdom in
the Terai region of Nepal, shielded the young Prince Siddhartha from
the evil of the world by keeping him within the confines of his palace,
in the embrace of material comforts and loving care. From his very birth
in 623 BC, in a garden at Lumbini close to the Shakya capital of
Kapilavastu, portent’s revealed that the young man’s fate was sealed for
higher things than dealing with the earthly concerns and the business
of a king.

It was chance too that rolled the dice in favour of
the spiritual world, and Prince Siddhartha was a willing pawn when he
rejected his regal life. It was an amazing journey that would transform
the deeply troubled prince into the great Buddha, the Enlightened One,
culminating in his release from the endless cycle of rebirths, at
Bodhgaya in Bihar. His great quest would become the core of an important
religious movement.

Buddhism - Charismatic Formula

For kings and commoners, criminals and courtesans,
Buddhism had the power and strength to transform their lives forever.
This is beautifully illustrated in the legendary commitment to Buddhism
of King Ashoka, after the bloody battle of Kalinga in Orissa. The great
king was enthusiastic in spreading the Buddha’s message of peace and
enlightenment across the length and breadth of his vast empire, reaching
from present day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh.

Buddhism was to travel from its home in India’s eastern Gangetic
region of Bihar, Bengal and Orissa to encompass Sri Lanka and the
countries of South East Asia, then onto the Himalayan countries of
Bhutan, Nepal and Tibet, even far-flung Central Asia, China and Japan,
under the umbrella of royal patronage and the dedication of its vast
community of monks, teachers and artists.

The essence of Buddhism is embodied in the concept of the 4 noble
truths and the 3 jewels (Buddha, Dharma, Sangha) via the 8-fold path to
salvation and peace Anticipating his death in his 80th year Buddha urged
his followers, especially his chosen disciples, to continue his work
after his imminent Mahaparnirvana the attaining of nirvana
(enlightenment). As a reminder of his difficult journey and its ultimate
goal, he prevailed upon them to visit the four important places that
were the cornerstones of his great journey - Lumbini, Bodhgaya, Sarnath,
and Kushinara.

The spread of Buddhism down the centuries was to leave in its wake a
wealth of symbolic structures, including sculpted caves, stupas (relic
shrines), chaityas (prayer halls) viharas (monasteries), mahaviharas
(universities) and numerous art forms and religious literature. The
arrival of Guru Padamasambhava, in the 8th century, was a major impetus
in the spread of Buddhism in the Himalayan region.

Today, both pilgrims and tourists can enjoy the special appeal of
these myriad experiences, in the Buddhist Heartland of Bangladesh,
Bhutan, India, and Nepal. From the moment of his birth, his teachings,
spiritual struggle, attainment of enlightenment, great meditations, and
message of peace and non-violence, are as relevant to our life and times
as it was in his day.

Buddhism - Jewels of the Lotus

Almost a hundred years later there emerged various
schools of Buddhist thought evolving somewhat from the Buddha’s original
precepts. The most prominent amongst these were the Mahayana School,
the Theravada School (based on the old Hinayana School) which flourished
in Sri Lanka and established itself quite quickly in many South East
Asian countries, and the Vajrayana School with its Tantric features,
which spread to the Himalayan regions of Bhutan, Nepal and Tibet.

Lumbini, Sarnath, Bodhgaya and Kushinagar are the
primary pilgrimage places associated with the life and teachings of the
Lord Buddha. There are numerous other sites where the Buddha and the
saints that followed travelled during his life after his transformation,
which are held in deep veneration. Visitors can travel through this
Buddhist Heartland today, to savour the splendid beauty and great appeal
of Buddhism.


The greatest impetus to Buddha’s teachings came from
the Indian King Ashoka who went on a great pilgrimage visiting the
important sites that are directly associated with his life, in the
Footsteps of Lord Buddha. Primary amongst these holy places are Lumbini
in Nepal, and Bodhgaya, Sarnath and Kushinara in India. The
international Buddhist community has been active in supporting these
important religious centres. There are other places of lesser
significance on the Footsteps of Lord Buddha visitor circuit associated
closely with Buddha’s life. Amongst these are Buddha’s monsoon retreats
of Vaishali, Rajgir and Sravastii in India, and his early home at
Tilaurakot in Kapilavastu Nepal.

Primary Patronage

Lumbini. Lumbini in southern Nepal is where Queen
Mayadevi gave birth to Prince Siddhartha. It is just a short distance
from the Shakya capital of Kapilavastu. Pilgrimages focus on the sacred
garden which contains the site of the birth, the Mayadevi temple, the
Pashkarni pond and the Ashoka pillar. Designed by Japanese architect
Kenzo Tange, the sacred garden of Lumbini is a World Heritage Site with
monasteries from many Buddhist nations. It is recognised as a supreme
pilgrimage site and symbol of world peace.

Bodhgaya. It was in Bodhgaya in Bihar, India that
Prince Siddhartha found Enlightenment (nirvana) under the bodhi tree
after meditating for 49 days. No longer a bodhisattva (mentor), he
became Lord Buddha, the Enlightened One.

Primary points of homage are the Mahabodhi Temple,
the Vajrasan throne donated by King Ashoka, the holy Bodhi Tree, the
Animeshlochana chaitya, the Ratnachankramana, the Ratnagaraha, the
Ajapala Nigrodha Tree, the Muchhalinda Lake and the Rajyatna Tree. The
spiritual home of all Buddhists, devotees from many Buddhist countries
have built temples around the complex in their characteristic
architectural styles. Bodhgaya today is a vibrant and inspiring tourist

Sarnath. Buddha gave his first sermon at Sarnath
after achieving enlightenment, about 10 km from the ancient holy city of
Varanasi. The sermon, setting in motion the wheel of the teaching
(dharamchakrapravartna) revealed to his followers the 4 noble truths,
the concept of the 3 jewels of Buddha, Dharma and Sangha via the 8 fold
path, for inner peace and enlightenment. It was here that the Buddha
established his first disciples (sangha) to promote his new doctrine.
The splendid Dhamekha Stupa at Sarnath was originally erected by King
Ashoka, as was the famous lion capital pillar, now the proud symbol of

Kushinara. At Kushinagar close to Gorakhpur in
eastern Uttar Pradesh, India en route to Kapilavastu, Lord Buddha fell
ill and left this world in 543 BC. His mortal remains were preserved in
eight commemorative chortens, and then further distributed by King
Ashoka into 84,000 stupas across his kingdom and beyond. Important
places to see here are the Mukatanabandhana stupa and the Gupta period
reclining Buddha statue in red sandstone.

Mobilising Mantras & Sutras

The Buddha preached his last sermon before his death
at Vaishali in Bihar, 60 km away from its capital Patna. It was here
that he told his disciple Ananda about his imminent demise. The Second
Buddhist Council was held in Vaishala about 110 years later.

About 70 km from Bodhgaya, Rajgir was Buddha’s
monsoon retreat for 12 years whilst he spread his doctrine. It was at
the holy Griddhikuta Hill that he expounded the precepts of his Lotus
Sutra and the Perfection of Wisdom Sutra. The Saptaparni Caves set on
Vaibhar Hill were the venue of the First Buddhist Council, held to
compile the teachings of the Buddha in its authentic form, after his
death. The world-renowned university of Nalanda is another important
landmark site.

About 150 km from the city of Lucknow in Uttar
Pradesh, Shravasti was Buddha’s favourite rainy season retreat where he
Buddha performed his first miracle.

The Ties That Bind

Around Lumbini in Nepal are seven other pilgrimage
sites. The first thirty years of Buddha’s life were spent at Tilaurakot
in Kapilavastu in his father’s home, 27 km west of Lumbini in Nepal. The
well-preserved city foundations are evocative of former times, and the
casket recovered from the original stupa is preserved in the nearby
museum. About 34 km northeast of Lumbini is Devdaha whose Koliya people
are considered to be the maternal tribesmen of the Buddha. The forest of
Sagarhawa lies northwest of Niglihawa. Another important site is the
stupa at Kudan, 5 km from Tilaurakot, where Buddha’s father King
Suddhodhana met him after his enlightenment.


The trans-Himalayan regions of Bhutan, India, and
Nepal are strongly rooted in the Buddhist faith. In Dharamsala, in the
Kangra Valley, lives his Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, spiritual leader
of all Tibetan Buddhists. Visitors can enjoy Living Buddhism experiences
throughout the region, whether as a student of Buddhism, meditation and
yoga, or as a layperson attracted by the vibrant culture, people and

Eastern Himalayas-The Lotus Blooms Still

Kathmandu Valley is an important Buddhist pilgrimage
circuit with 15 major sites. It is a living center of Buddhist learning
with many new monasteries and schools that attract funding and visitors
from all over the world. The most important Living Buddhism sites are
Swayambhunath and Bodhnath stupas, both with strong links to Tibet.
Protected as World Heritage Sites, they are the most revered spiritual
sites in the country, attracting thousands of pilgrims. Many of the
indigenous Newar people of Kathmandu practice a unique form of Buddhism,
unrelated to Tibet.

In the northern regions of Nepal, Tibetan Mahayana
Buddhism continues to flourish and there are many monasteries and sacred
sites. Many of these are in Mustang and Dolpa districts. The important
monasteries Thyangboche, Thame, Chiwong and Thupten Choeling are in the
Everest region of Solu Khumbu.

In the Buddhist kingdom of Bhutan, HM the King is
considered equal in status to the religious leader, the Jekhenpo. The
depth and vibrancy of the Buddhist faith is reflected in everyday life.
Devotees revere Guru Padmasambhava as the second Buddha. Bhutan’s
monastery fortresses (dzongs) are an integral feature of governance, and
the repository of precious treasures of ancient literature, scriptures
and art. The great dzongs of Thimphu, Paro, Punakha and Wangdi Phodrang,
amongst many others, offer a fabulous journey for both pilgrim and
tourist to explore Bhutan’s colourful history and spiritual splendour.
An added temptation for the visitor is the fabulous repertoire of
cultural activities associated with the Kingdom’s renowned festivals

A short distance from Paro is the renovated Taktsang
monastery, the venerated location of Guru Rimpoche’s (Padmasambhava)
deep meditation before subduing evil demons. Kyichu Lakhang in Paro and
Jambay Lakhang in Bhumtang are amongst Bhutan’s most important and
oldest Buddhist sites. The famous tsechu festivities are marked by
prayers and religious dances, colourful costumes, morality tales, and
invocations of protection against evil forces. Dungtse Lakhang is
reputed for its fabulous collection of religious paintings .The
spectacular Punakha dzong is the winter seat of the monkhood, and houses
numerous sacred artifacts and important temples.

Living Buddhism flourishes in northern India, home
of the Dalai Lama. Set amongst the splendid heights of the Eastern
Himalayas in Arunachal Pradesh is the remote Tawang Monastery. Amongst
the native inhabitants, the Monpas and the Sherdupkens people keep alive
the Buddhist faith from ancient times. This 17th century monastery is
the largest of its kind in India and the second largest in Asia. The
hill town of Bomdila offers local handicrafts and religious artifacts,
and ancient monasteries

Other North East states also have Buddhist
attractions. In the shadow of Mt Khangchendzonga, Buddhism flourishes in
the sacred landscape of Sikkim which is dotted with 107 monasteries and
many sacred stupas. Amongst the most important are Rumtek, the home of
the Kagyupa sect, Pemayangtse, Tashding and Enchey. The monastery at
Chungtang marks the footprint of Guru Padamasambhava when he rested en
route to Tibet. Recently, the world’s tallest statue of Guru Rinpoche
has been erected at Namchi. The people celebrate their faith during the
chaam (masked) dances at the great festivals.

Surviving Buddhist Enclaves

Bangladesh is now largely Muslim, but the country
has important pockets of Buddhist communities that date back to the 7th
century, especially in the region of Chittagong, the Chittagong Hill
Tracts, Cox’s Bazaar, Noakhali and Barisal. There are at least 50
Buddhist settlements surviving from the 8-12th century in the
Mainamati-Lalmai range at Tipera, Laksham and Comilla


The great journey of Buddhism throughout its
2,500-year history has manifested itself in a profusion of creative
energy in its art, archaeology and architecture. These include
beautifully painted holy caves, statues and sculpted heads, bas reliefs,
mandalas, thangkas (religious paintings) and frescos, stupas and
chortens, fine chaityas, viharas, mahaviharas and temples that offer the
traveller cross-border cultural pickings that are as enriching as they
are moving.

The earliest form of Buddhism had no iconoclastic
roots. Buddha himself was regarded as a teacher not a God. When Buddha
attained nirvana he was represented only in the form of symbols such as
the lotus, the bo (peepul) tree, and the wheel.

Buddha as an icon emerged through the influence of
the Mahayana School of Buddhism, and the mystical and highly symbolic
Tantric form of the Vajrayana School. Vajrayana culture flourished at
Bodhgaya, Nalanda and Vikramshila around the 8-9 BC. Buddhist Nalanda
enjoyed the patronage of several dynasties of kings but was annihilated
by the Turks in the 12th century. Tantric ritual and mysticism relied
heavily on sutras and tantras - secret practices linked with the mandala
(magical diagram). It saw the inclusion of occult concepts woven
intricately into the rapidly expanding pantheon of Buddha images of gods
and goddesses.

The Dhamma and the Kings of old Bengal

Bangladesh enjoyed the fruits of early Buddhist
thought and art. Buddhism received enormous support during the Pala,
Chandra and Deva rulers, devout Buddhists, who were responsible for
erecting a cavalcade of commemorative monuments. Amongst them was the
important university of Paharpur, now archaeological remains about 300
km from Dhaka. Along with Nalanda University in Bihar, India it was an
important centre of Buddhist teaching. Other important archeological
sites in Bangladesh are at Mahastangar, Comila, Mainamati, and Ramu.

Pillars, Sculpted Caves and the Pledge of a King

The earliest form of Buddhist architecture is
visible in the sculpted caves, monastic retreats that were in effect
temples of great spirituality. The caves at Udaygiri, Ratnagiri and
Lalitagiri in Orissa and the Barabar caves in Bihar are an excellent
example of how the art form developed. At Dhauli, the site of the great
battle of Kalinga fought by King Ashoka, 8 km from Bhubaneswar, stands
Ashoka’s rock edict revealing his pledge to become a Buddhist.

Stupas, Chortens, Chaityas, Viharas and Dzongs

The splendour of the stupas at Sarnath, Bodhgaya,
Bodhnath, Nalanda and other important Buddhist sites are an evocative
message of Buddha’s teachings. The Dhamekha stupa at Sarnath is a
cylindrical structure dating to the golden age of the Guptas (320 AD).
It features the typical floral design on stone of Gupta workmanship.
Nepal’s Swayambhunath features traditional Nepalese architectural design
with its tall steeple mounting the dome, representing the 13 Buddhist

Chortens and viharas, stupas in miniature, were
originally meant to preserve the relics of the Buddha or great Buddhist
teachers. Excellent examples of the early viharas were those at
Vaishali, Rajgir and Shravasti. Some of the most powerful mahaviharas
were Nalanda and Vikramshila in Bihar, India and Paharpur in Bangladesh.

In Bhutan the great dzongs were ideal for keeping
precious Buddhist treasures and also as monastic retreats thanks to
their isolation and invincibility. These imposing structures with their
tapering walls, courtyards and galleries have been created with
traditional designs handed down verbally from generation to generation,
No nails mar their creation.

Buddhist Centres of Learning

With the advent of the Mahayana school, the
world-renowned university of Nalanda became an important centre for
Buddhist learning, along with Pahapur, attracting scholars from around
the known world. Nalanda enjoyed the patronage of several dynasties of
kings but was annihilated by the Turks in the 12th century. It’s an
amazing experience walking across the vast grounds of the ruins with its
great stupa and other monastic structures.

Sculptures & Paintings - Messengers of the Buddha

The first images of Buddha were formed at Gandhara
and show decidedly Hellinistic features (defined by drapery and
hairstyle) due to the trade and cultural links with Mediterranean Europe
at the time. With the emergence of the Mathura school, close to Agra,
the features of the

 Awakened One with Awareness became more indigenous, inspired by the
traditional yakshis and yakshas sculptural forms. In Bhutan, and Nepal
the elements of the highly symbolic Vajrayana Buddhist style of
iconography, so popular in the 10th-11th century, were however
discontinued around the 14th century in exchange for a less complex
range of artistic vision but which still retained its vibrancy and
colourful splendour.

The massive Mahasthangarh archeological remains (240
km from Dhaka) throw light on the development of Buddhist art and
architectural leanings in Bangladesh. This fortified city of the 3rd
century BC, extending over an 8 km radius, is the earliest documented
urban civilization of Bangladesh. Within easy reach are the Buddhist
ruins of Govind Bhita, Gokul Medh Stupa and the Vasu Vihara monastery.
The greatest collection of early Pala sculptures have been found in the
Paharpur monastic complex at the central temple of the renowned Somapura

At the tomb of Saint Shah Sultan Mahi Swar Balkhi,
were discovered 40 bronze statues representing Buddhist deities, and
terracotta plaques with scenes from the Ramayana. The Mainamati Museum
houses an extensive range of finds from these Buddhist sites. The Salban
Vihara in the Mainamati-Lalmai hills has a complex of 115 cells around a
central courtyard with its cruciform temple facing the gateway complex,
resembles the Paharpur monastery. Kotila Mura houses three stupas
representing the holy Trinity of Buddhism - the Buddha, Dharma and
Sangha. From Rupban Mura was recovered an early standing Buddha in
abhaya mudra.

The yellow-bronze statuary of Bhutan reflects
influences in bronze-casting from the craftsman who settled here from
the eastern Tibetan province of Kham, in the 16th century. Bhutanese
painters are still sought after to decorate religious buildings all over
the region.

The splendid innovation in the use of colour and
expressive elements of Buddhist art down the ages is amply recorded in
the fabulous thangkas or religious paintings of Bhutan, Nepal, Tibet and
the trans-Himalayan regions of India. Objects of veneration and an aid
to meditation, thangkas are traditional scroll paintings on cotton cloth
with vegetable and precious mineral dyes. Buddhas, Boddhisatvas, Taras
and numerous estoteric subjects reflect the artist’s vision of his
Buddhist world. Embellishments with the lotus motif and themes from the
Jataka Tales (lives of the Buddha) are a recurring form of imagery and
inspiration for paintings.

The fantastic range of Buddhist art and archaeology
in Bangladesh, Bhutan, India and Nepal, carries the visitor on a
splendid journey that marks some of the most evocative and dynamic
aspects of the Buddhist faith. Time and tide have worked upon the
measures of the emerging artistic trends, but at the core of it remain
the Buddha’s basic tenets - of self-discipline and balance as a means to
the ultimate goal of the human being - the release from the endless
cycle of rebirth-pain and suffering and finding the great peace.

Giant Face-lift of World’s Tallest Buddha Statue
2001.04.18 16:25:03
   CHENGDU, April 17 (Xinhuanet) – Looking through the cobweb-shaped
platforms wrapped around the head and chest of a 71 meter-tall 
seated Buddha statue, the backs of repair experts’ are seen while 
they are busy painting dark-red clay, which will be the new 
lipstick on the Buddha’s huge mouth.
   Like a slow motion, another expert with a safety rope is sent 
down in mid-air from the base of the 8 meter-long middle finger of
the statue’s left hand to the statue’s 8.5 meter-high flat instep 
of the left foot, where 100 people could sit. 
   This is just one scene of an ongoing facelift project on the 1,
280 year-old Buddha statue in Leshan, a city in southwest China’s 
Sichuan Province.
   Carving of the Buddha started in 713 A.D. and was completed in 
803 A.D., in the prosperous period of the Tang Dynasty (618-907).
   The statue was included in the World Cultural Heritage List 
under the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural 
Organization (UNESCO) in 1996.
   The Buddha statue, which sits on a cliff overlooking the 
merging of the three rivers: Minjiang, Qingyijiang and Daduhe. The
statue is 71 meters from top to bottom and 28 meters from left to 
right. It is 18 meters higher than the standing Buddha statue at 
Bamian Valley, Afghanistan, once thought to be the highest of its 
kind in the world.
   Over the past 1,000 years, erosion has become a major threat to
the statue. Owning to damage by natural environment changes and 
human activities, six major repairs on the giant Buddha statue 
have been carried out since ancient times.
   Before the largest repair project, which was initiated early 
this month, Xinhua reporters visited the famous sitting Maitreya, 
which looked in need of immediate repair and attention. 
   ”Some coiled bobs on the head of the statue fell down, weed 
coated on its surface rocks, and the face was darkened,” the 
reporters recalled.
   But the reporters visited it again this week and it looks very  shiny and new after two weeks of repair.
   The 1,000 color-faded bobs on the Buddha’s head have been 
painted black, the drainage system has been dredged and the big 
crack going from the right eye to the back of its head  has been 
   ”The crack use to cause the Buddha to burst into tears on rainy
days,” said Zeng Zhiliang, an engineer of ancient architecture, 
who climbed up onto the 10-story-high statue everyday to conduct 
repair work.
   When the reporters followed Zeng to have a closer look and 
touch the Buddha’s cheek, they could feel the smoothness and 
brightness of the repaired surface of its’ face. 
   The black spots on the face of the Buddha, caused by erosion  have disappeared after a thorough cleaning,” Zeng said.
   At the Buddha’s neck, which 60 meters high from the base of the
statue, an expert is using a small hammer to carefully knock 
mantlerocks, rocks which have become loose on the statue due to 
erosion, away from the statue surface. With a safety rope, the 
expert is crouching in the narrow space of the platform 
constructed around the statue. 
   After knocking it free, he has to use a brush and water to wash
the spot and piece it up with repair material. To achieve the 
perfect result, this procedure has to be repeated three or four  times.
   According to Zeng, the experts also take photos on the 
mantlerocks in order to set up archives on the statue’s original 
form and the repair work done. 
   The most difficult parts in the face-lift are the giant facial 
features, Zeng said, for example, the Buddha’s nose is the 
combined size of several persons. 
   ”If there is no accurate technique and skills, harmonious  proportionment can be hardly realized,” he told the reporters.
   Tourists to the statue are also interested in asking questions  about the repair work. 
   ”How do you mix the face color of the Buddha,” asked Ney Johnn, a German tourist. 
   Zeng’s answer is that the statue was carved out of red  gritstone and covered by skin-color clay.
   ”Why don’t you use chemical paint as my country did on some  historical relics?” Johnn said. 
   Natural repair material, in the same color of the statue, is  
being used, Zeng said, adding that it is a mixture of rocks, 
charcoal, hemp and lime. 
   This is in accordance with China’s law on cultural relics that  chemical materials or cement are banned for repairing relics.
   Chinese leaders have paid close attention to the repair work. 
The repair plan was made by the State Administration of Cultural 
Heritage and seven universities and related cultural relics 
protection research institutes across China. 
   The face-lift project has aroused great attention at home and 
overseas. The UNESCO has sent experts to the repair site, the 
World Bank has provided considerable loans and foreign media 
coverage with Time magazine and New York Times being contacted to 
cover the event.      
   A massive petition signing has been staged here to call for 
efforts to be made to protect the statue. So far, more than 10,000
tourists signed their names on a scroll of silk 71 meters long.
   The Buddha statue management center said the drive has received
a donation of over 300,000 yuan (about 36,000 US dollars) from 
people from all walks of life.
   The first phase of the repair work will be completed by the end
of April. An additional investment of 250 million yuan (about 30 
million US dollars) will be used for the further repair on the 
statue as well as a number of projects to build roads and highways
and control pollution in the area. 
   Experts suggested that the statue should be inspected and 
repaired every five years after this project is completed.   Enditem
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Countries and territories without any cases of COVID-19

  • 1. Comoros,
  • 2. North Korea, 
  • 3. Yemen,
  • 4. The Federated States of Micronesia,
  • 5. Kiribati,
  • 6. Solomon Islands,
  • 7. The Cook Islands,
  • 8. Micronesia,
  • 9. Tonga,
  • 10. The Marshall Islands Palau,
  • 11. American Samoa, 
  • 12. South Georgia
  •  13. South Sandwich Islands.
  • 14.Saint Helena.


    15. Aland Islands

  • 17. Jan Mayen Islands

  • 18. Latin America


    20.British Indian Ocean Territory

    21.French Southern Territories

  • 23.Oceania

  • 24.Christmas Island

    25. Cocos (Keeling) Islands

    26. Heard Island

  • 27. McDonald Islands

    28. Niue
    29. Norfolk Island
    Solomon Islands
    United States Minor Outlying Islands
    Wallis and Futuna Islands

  • Tajikistan,
  • Turkmenistan,
  • Tuvalu,
  • Vanuatu

Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta

1. Dasa raja dhamma

2. kusala.

3. Kuutadanta Sutta dana
4. priyavacana

 5. artha cariya

 6. samanatmata

7. Samyutta Nikayaarya

” or

8. Agganna Sutta
9. Majjima Nikaya
10. arya” or “ariya
12. Digha Nikaya
13. Maha Sudassana

14. Dittadhammikatthasamvattanika-dhamma

15. Canon Sutta

16. Pali Canon and Suttapitaka

17. Iddhipada

18. Lokiyadhamma and Lokuttaradhamma
19. Brahmavihàra
20. Sangahavatthu
21. Nathakaranadhamma
22. Saraniyadhamma

23. Adhipateyya Dithadhammikattha
24. dukkha
Cakkamatti Sihananda Sutta,
Kutadanta Sutta
Yoniso manasikara
Law of Kamma
Vasettha Sutta in Majjhima Nikaya
Ambattha Sutta in Digha Nikaya












Sigalovada Sutta

Brahmajala Sutta

Digha Nikaya (Mahaparinibbana-sutta

29. Norfolk Island

Norfolk Island Paradise Found
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Norfolk Island Regional Council
Wataweih (hello) and welcome to the Norfolk Island Regional Council website.
The Norfolk Island Regional Council, known as NIRC, commenced on 1 July 2016.
website is a useful resource and well worth exploring. It allows you to
view Council documents, including all Council meeting Agendas, Reports
and Minutes, review all our media releases and Government Gazettes,
listen to recordings of Council meetings, find out about Council
services, access Council forms, as well as find helpful links to other
is also packed with useful information. Take a look at our Waste
Management Centre’s page and learn how to sort your waste, start a worm
farm, how to maintain your septic system, and a great deal more.
can drill down into the policies and laws under which Council operates,
read what we plan to do in our Operational Plan, and discover what we
have done in our Annual Report.
listen to a live broadcast of Council meetings tune your radio to
91.9FM. Meetings are rebroadcast the following day at 9:30am on the same
frequency and you can listen to Council meetings online by selecting
the Council Meetings box above.
you would like to talk with one of our friendly customer service team
members, please telephone +6723 22244 or free-call 0100 (Norfolk Island
only), or email Customer Care.(link sends e-mail)
you are a visitor to Norfolk Island, or thinking of visiting, we highly
recommend that you check out Norfolk Island Tourism(link is external)
as well as the Norfolk Island Museum web site.

23. Adhipateyya Dithadhammikattha
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Class 6 - Vipassana - Three Governing Principles For Vipassana -
Vipassana - Adhipateyya Sutta
Becoming Buddha Cross River Meditation Center
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If you find benefit from this talk and to support future recordings please consider a donation:
is a recording of our Tuesday evening Dhamma class from Cross River
Meditation Center in Frenchtown, New Jersey on September 10, 2019. The
live-stream begins every Tuesday at 7:15 PM Eastern US time.
is class 6 of 32 classes of our structured study of vipassana -
introspective insight into Anicca, Anatta, and Dukkha. Past talks are
linked below. My Dhamma talk and our sangha discussion is on the
Adhipateyya Sutta. This sutta shows the primary importance of skillful
introspective insight into the clinging relationship between
impermanence, fabricated views of self, and the stress and suffering
that follows.
“How is
the self a governing principle for the cessation of ignorance? A
skillful disciple having established seclusion and quiet reflects on
this: ‘It is not for the sake of robes, alms, lodging, or future
becoming that I am practicing the Dhamma…” (Adhipateyya Sutta)
• Read This Week’s Full Article Here:
• Vipassana Structured Study Schedule And Class Recordings
Tuesday class will have a twenty-minute Jhana meditation followed by my
Dhamma talk and Sangha discussion and conclude with an offering of
My talks and classes can be joined live:
• Android Device: Zoom Android App
• IOS Device: Zoom IOS App
audio and video recordings are posted typically within a few hours of
the end of our class and my weekly podcast. My video archive has over
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New and archived videos: and my YouTube Channel
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you are subscribed to my Podcast on iTunes or Podbean or my Youtube
channel, you will receive notifications when new videos are posted.
To schedule private individual or group Dhamma instruction via video-conference please Email John
Here is the archive for all of my Dhamma articles and talks:
Thank You. Peace.
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Dhamma Articles And Talks Archive
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Life on Pitcairn Island - home of the descendants of the mutineers from HMS Bounty
Redfern Natural History Productions
75.4K subscribers
the three-part Britain’s Treasure Islands documentary series on BBC
FOUR, starting Tue 12 Apr 2016 21:00. (repeated Wed 13 Apr 2016 20:00).
Island was settled by the descendants of the mutineers who commandeered
the HMS Bounty in 1789. Today, the community on Pitcairn consists of
around 50 people who have fascinating history, culture and customs. In
this film, we visit Pitcairn Island to meet the islanders and discover
life on one of the world’s most remote inhabited islands.
note: although complementary to the BBC FOUR series, the 40 short
mini-documentaries are not commissioned or editorially overseen by BBC.
Overview of the UK Overseas Territories
Filming the Britain’s Treasure Islands TV documentary series
Stewart McPherson’s lecture at the Royal Geographical Society
Mini-documentaries about each of the UK Overseas Territories
Ascension Island – wildlife and heritage
Saint Helena – wildlife and heritage
Tristan da Cunha – wildlife and heritage
Falkland Islands – wildlife and heritage
South Georgia – wildlife and heritage
British Antarctic Territory – wildlife and heritage
British Indian Ocean Territory – wildlife and heritage
Pitcairn Islands – wildlife and heritage
Bermuda – wildlife and heritage
Cayman Islands – wildlife and heritage
British Virgin Islands – wildlife and heritage
Montserrat – wildlife and heritage
Anguilla – wildlife and heritage
Turks and Caicos Islands – wildlife and heritage
Akrotiri and Dhekelia – wildlife and heritage
Gibraltar – wildlife and heritage
Mini-documentaries about specific subjects on particular UK Overseas Territories
Ascension Island – natives and aliens
Ascension Island – supplying the garrison
Saint Helena – wirebird conservation
Saint Helena – plant conservation
Life on Tristan da Cunha – the World’s Most Remote Inhabited Island
Tristan da Cunha – the Monster Mice of Gough Island
Falkland Islands – Jimmy the ex-whaler
British Indian Ocean Territory – coconut crabs
British Indian Ocean Territory – seabirds
British Indian Ocean Territory – underwater
Pitcairn Islands – Henderson Island’s wildlife
Life on Pitcairn Island – home of the descendants of the mutineers from HMS Bounty
Mini-documentaries about systematic wildlife groups across all of the UK Overseas Territories
Terrestrial Invertebrates of the UK Overseas Territories
Amphibians and Reptiles of the UK Overseas Territories
Plants of the UK Overseas Territories
Mammals of the UK Overseas Territories
Birds of the UK Overseas Territories
Marine Life of the UK Overseas Territories
Overview mini-documentaries
Conservation Lessons of the UKOTs
Islands of Evolution
Overview of the Britain’s Treasure Islands book
Shipping 5,000 books to all UK secondary schools COMING SOON
Overview of Britain’s Treasure Islands TV documentary series
Travel & Events

Overview of Britain’s Treasure Islands TV documentary series


London Buddhist Videos
1.99K subscribers
his first sermon the Buddha really covers everything that is essential
about his teaching; everything that he said later in his ministry is
contained within this first sermon which revolves around the FOUR NOBLE
Truths. The first noble truth is the truth of Dukkha (roughly
translated as suffering).
Buddhist scholar and teacher, Richard Jones gives this excellent lesson
for beginners to Buddhism. Recorded at the London Buddhist Vihara on
28th July 2016.
Louder version of this talk:
. . . . . . . . .
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Creative Commons Attribution license (reuse allowed)
Dukkha: What the Buddha Meant by ‘Life Is Suffering’
Four carved golden statues of Buddha in wall
Sami Sarkis/Photographer’s Choice RF / Getty Images
Origins and Developments
Figures and Texts
Becoming A Buddhist
Tibetan and Vajrayana Buddhism
By Barbara O’Brien
Updated September 09, 2018
Buddha didn’t speak English. This should be obvious since the
historical Buddha lived in India almost 26 centuries ago. Yet it’s a
point lost on many people who get stuck on the definitions of English
words used in translations.
example, people want to argue with the first of the Four Noble Truths,
often translated as “life is suffering.” That sounds so negative.
the Buddha didn’t speak English, so he didn’t use the English word,
“suffering.” What he said, according to the earliest scriptures, is that
life is dukkha.
What Does ‘Dukkha’ Mean?
is Pali, a variation of Sanskrit, and it means a lot of things. For
example, anything temporary is dukkha, including happiness. But some
people can’t get past that English word “suffering” and want to disagree
with the Buddha because of it.
translators are chucking out “suffering” and replacing it with
“dissatisfaction” or “stress.” Sometimes translators bump into words
that have no corresponding words meaning exactly the same thing in the
other language. “Dukkha” is one of those words.
dukkha, however, is critical to understanding the Four Noble Truths,
and the Four Noble Truths are the foundation of Buddhism.
Filling in the Blank
there is no single English word that neatly and tidily contains the
same range of meaning and connotation as “dukkha,” It’s better not to
translate it. Otherwise, you’ll waste time spinning your wheels over a
word that doesn’t mean what the Buddha meant.
throw out “suffering,” “stress,” “dissatisfaction,” or whatever other
English word is standing in for it, and go back to “dukkha.” Do this
even if—especially if —you don’t understand what “dukkha” means. Think
of it as an algebraic “X,” or a value you’re trying to discover.
Defining Dukkha
The Buddha taught there are three main categories of dukkha. These are:
Suffering or Pain (Dukkha-dukkha). Ordinary suffering, as defined by
the English word, is one form of dukkha. This includes physical,
emotional and mental pain.
Impermanence or Change (Viparinama-dukkha). Anything that is not
permanent, that is subject to change, is dukkha. Thus, happiness is
dukkha, because it is not permanent. Great success, which fades with the
passing of time, is dukkha. Even the purest state of bliss experienced
in spiritual practice is dukkha. This doesn’t mean that happiness,
success, and bliss are bad, or that it’s wrong to enjoy them. If you
feel happy, then enjoy feeling happy. Just don’t cling to it.
Conditioned States (Samkhara-dukkha). To be conditioned is to be
dependent on or affected by something else. According to the teaching of
dependent origination, all phenomena are conditioned. Everything
affects everything else. This is the most difficult part of the
teachings on dukkha to understand, but it is critical to understanding
What Is the Self?
takes us to the Buddha’s teachings on the self. According to the
doctrine of anatman (or anatta) there is no “self” in the sense of a
permanent, integral, autonomous being within an individual existence.
What we think of as our self, our personality, and ego, are temporary
creations of the skandhas.
skandhas, or “five aggregates,” or “five heaps,” are a combination of
five properties or energies that make what we think of as an individual
being. Theravada scholar Walpola Rahula said,
we call a ‘being’, or an ‘individual’, or ‘I’, is only a convenient
name or a label given to the combination of these five groups. They are
all impermanent, all constantly changing. ‘Whatever is impermanent is
dukkha’ (Yad aniccam tam dukkham). This is the true meaning of the
Buddha’s words: ‘In brief the Five Aggregates of Attachment are dukkha.’
They are not the same for two consecutive moments. Here A is not equal
to A. They are in a flux of momentary arising and disappearing.” (What
the Buddha Taught, p. 25)
Life Is Dukkha
the First Noble Truth is not easy. For most of us, it takes years of
dedicated practice, especially to go beyond a conceptual understanding
to a realization of the teaching. Yet people often glibly dismiss
Buddhism as soon as they hear that word “suffering.”
why I think it is useful to toss out English words like “suffering” and
“stressful” and go back to “dukkha.” Let the meaning of dukkha unfold
for you, without other words getting in the way.
historical Buddha once summarized his own teachings this way: “Both
formerly and now, it is only dukkha that I describe, and the cessation
of dukkha.” Buddhism will be a muddle for anyone who doesn’t grasp the
deeper meaning of dukkha.
And of course the deadliest casteism
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