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LESSON 3367 Fri 29 May 2020 Free Online Analytical Insight Net for Discovery of Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness Universe ( FOAINDMAOAU) For The Welfare, Happiness, Peace of All Sentient and Non-Sentient Beings and for them to Attain Eternal Peace as Final Goal. From KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA in 116 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES Through At WHITE HOME 668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL III Stage, Puniya Bhumi Bengaluru Magadhi Karnataka State PRABUDDHA BHARAT Words of the Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness
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LESSON 3367 Fri 29 May 2020
Free Online Analytical Insight Net for Discovery of Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness Universe ( FOAINDMAOAU)
The Welfare, Happiness, Peace of All Sentient and Non-Sentient Beings and for them to Attain Eternal Peace as Final Goal.
668, 5A main Road, 8th Cross, HAL III Stage,
Puniya Bhumi Bengaluru
Magadhi Karnataka State
Words of the Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness

Last updated: May 29, 2020, 01:10 GMT

World Population
57,291,738Births this year
105,919Births today

24,052,444Deaths this year

44,467Deaths today

33,239,294Net population growth this year

61,452Net population growth today

while World 24,052,444 Deaths this year COVID-19 Coronavirus Pandemic Recovered:2,579,534

Coronavirus Cases:
5,904,397 Deaths 361,998

Government & Economics
$ 4,167,147,403Public Healthcare expenditure today
$ 2,850,944,715Public Education expenditure today
$ 1,297,749,829Public Military expenditure today
32,164,650Cars produced this year
61,608,306Bicycles produced this year
102,439,445Computers produced this year

Society & Media
1,095,237New book titles published this year
132,074,989Newspapers circulated today
185,092TV sets sold worldwide today
1,799,807Cellular phones sold today
$ 80,662,245Money spent on videogames today
4,573,020,164Internet users in the world today
72,592,560,989Emails sent today
1,906,462Blog posts written today
215,300,220Tweets sent today
1,990,840,685Google searches today

2,126,812Forest loss this year (hectares)
2,863,264Land lost to soil erosion this year (ha)
14,784,377,329CO2 emissions this year (tons)
4,907,531Desertification this year (hectares)
4,004,700 Toxic chemicals released
in the environment
this year (tons)

843,341,291Undernourished people in the world
1,693,878,330Overweight people in the world
757,650,767Obese people in the world
8,513People who died of hunger today
$ 160,631,765Money spent for obesity related
diseases in the USA
$ 52,626,956Money spent on weight loss
programs in the USA

1,781,825,479Water used this year (million L)
344,367Deaths caused by water related
this year
800,773,754People with no access to
a safe drinking water source

130,212,666Energy used today (MWh), of which:
110,844,374- from non-renewable sources (MWh)
19,608,892- from renewable sources (MWh)
815,919,036,541 Solar energy striking Earth today (MWh)
26,706,589Oil pumped today (barrels)
1,507,493,925,563Oil left (barrels)
15,721Days to the end of oil (~43 years)
1,095,668,566,436Natural Gas left (boe)

57,667Days to the end of natural gas

4,316,221,083,284Coal left (boe)

148,835Days to the end of coal

5,308,686Communicable disease deaths this year
199,150Seasonal flu deaths this year
3,108,341Deaths of children under 5 this year
17,388,190Abortions this year
126,397Deaths of mothers during birth this year
41,824,860HIV/AIDS infected people
687,447Deaths caused by HIV/AIDS this year
3,358,557Deaths caused by cancer this year
401,118Deaths caused by malaria this year
4,226,819,064Cigarettes smoked today
2,044,283Deaths caused by smoking this year
1,022,786Deaths caused by alcohol this year
438,521Suicides this year
$ 163,594,205,058Money spent on illegal drugs this year
552,021Road traffic accident fatalities this year

Countries and territories without any cases of COVID-19

  • 1. Comoros,
  • 2. North Korea, 
  • 3. Yemen,
  • 4. The Federated States of Micronesia,
  • 5. Kiribati,
  • 6. Solomon Islands,
  • 7. The Cook Islands,
  • 8. Micronesia,
  • 9. Tonga,
  • 10. The Marshall Islands Palau,
  • 11. American Samoa, 
  • 12. South Georgia
  •  13. South Sandwich Islands.
  • 14.Saint Helena.


    15. Aland Islands

  • 17. Jan Mayen Islands

  • 18. Latin America


    20.British Indian Ocean Territory

    21.French Southern Territories

  • 23.Oceania

  • 24.Christmas Island
    25. Cocos (Keeling) Islands

  • 26. Heard Island

  • 27. McDonald Islands

    28. Niue
    29. Norfolk Island
    30. Pitcairn
    31. Solomon Islands
    32. Tokelau
    33. United States Minor Outlying Islands
    Wallis and Futuna Islands

  • Tajikistan,
  • Turkmenistan,
  • Tuvalu,
  • Vanuatu

  • The number of deaths in the world in the last 3 months of 2020

          3,14,687 : Corona virus

          3,69,602 : Common cold

          3,40,584 : Malaria

         3,53,696 : suicide

         3,93,479 : road accidents

         2,40,950 : HIV

         5,58,471 : alcohol

         8,16,498 : smoking

      11,67,714: Cancer

     Then COVID-19 is not dangerous

    purpose of the PRESSTITUTE media campaign is to settle the trade war,
    to reduce financial markets to prepare the stage of financial markets
    for mergers and acquisitions or  to sell Treasury bonds to cover the
    fiscal deficit in them Or to  Panic created by Pharma companies to sell
    their products like sanitizer, masks, medicine etc.

    all the Presidents, Prime Ministers, Parlimentarians,
    Legislators,Ministers, MPs, MLAs, Political ruling and opposition Party
    members, Chief Justices, Judges, Chief Election Commission members
    PRESSTITUTE Media persons who were not affected by COVID-19 not wearing
    face masks but still alive  and who are more deadliest than COVID-19

Do not
Panic & don’t kill yourself with unecessary fear. This posting is
to balance your news feed from posts that caused fear and panic.

People are sick with COVID-19 Coronavirus at the moment, of which
32,00,000 are abroad. This means that if you are not in or haven’t
recently visited any foreign country, this should eliminate 95% of your

If you do contact COVID-19 Coronavirus, this still is not a cause for panic because:

81% of the Cases are MILD

14% of the Cases are MODERATE

Only 5% of the Cases are CRITICAL

Which means that even if you do get the virus, you are most likely to recover from it.

have said, “but this is worse than SARS and SWINEFLU!”  SARS had a
fatality rate of 10%, Swine flu 28% while COVID-19 has a fatality rate
of 2%

Moreover, looking at the ages of those who are dying of
this virus, the death rate for the people UNDER 55 years of age is only

This means that: if you are under 55 years of age and don’t
live out of India - you are more likely to win the lottery (which has a 1
in 45,000,000 chance)

  • Let’s take one day ie 1 May as an example when Covid 19 took lives of 6406 in the world.
    On the same day:

    26,283 people died of Cancer

    24,641 people died of Heart Disease

    4,300 people died of Diabetes

    Suicide took 28 times more lives than the virus did.

    kill 2,740 people every day, HUMANS kill 1,300 fellow humans every day,
    and Snakes kill 137 people every day. (Sharks kill 2 people a year)


    Join to Spread Hope instead of Fear.

    The Biggest Virus is not Corona Virus but Fear!

  • ”Pain is a Gift
    Instead of avoiding it,
    Learn to embrace it.
    Without pain,
    there is no growth”


  • All are Happy, Well, and Secure having calm, quiet, alert, attentive that is Wisdom and equanimity mind not reacting to good and bad thoughts
    with a clear understanding that everything is changing!

    Words of the Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness

    Fear What do Matteyya Awakened One with Awareness
    quotes teach us about fear?

    Trade your fear for freedom.

    “Even death is
    not to be feared by one who has lived wisely.”

    “The whole secret of
    existence is to have no fear.

    Never fear what will become of you, depend
    on no one. Only the moment you reject all help are you freed.”

    “When one
    has the feeling of dislike for evil, when one feels tranquil, one finds
    pleasure in listening to good teachings; when one has these feelings and
    appreciates them, one is free of fear.

    Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta

    1. Dasa raja dhamma

    2. kusala.

    3. Kuutadanta Sutta dana
    4. priyavacana

     5. artha cariya

     6. samanatmata

    7. Samyutta Nikayaarya

    ” or

    8. Agganna Sutta
    9. Majjima Nikaya
    10. arya” or “ariya
    12. Digha Nikaya
    13. Maha Sudassana

    14. Dittadhammikatthasamvattanika-dhamma

    15. Canon Sutta

    16. Pali Canon and Suttapitaka

    17. Iddhipada

    18. Lokiyadhamma and Lokuttaradhamma
    19. Brahmavihàra
    20. Sangahavatthu
    21. Nathakaranadhamma
    22. Saraniyadhamma

    23. Adhipateyya Dithadhammikattha
    24. dukkha
    25. anicca
    26. anatta
    27. Samsara

    28. Cakkamatti Sihananda Sutta,
    Kutadanta Sutta
    Yoniso manasikara
    Law of Kamma
    Vasettha Sutta in Majjhima Nikaya
    Ambattha Sutta in Digha Nikaya












    Sigalovada Sutta

    Brahmajala Sutta

    Digha Nikaya (Mahaparinibbana-sutta

    31. Solomon Islands

    rhode island GIF


    SOLOMON ISLANDS: Exploring remote island of Logha 🏝️, scenic views! (Pacific Ocean)
    Vic Stefanu - Amazing World Videos
    189K subscribers
    - Let’s go to the Pacific Ocean and let’s visit Logha (or Loga) which
    is a remote island of the Solomon Islands located within the Western
    Province. We are going to explore the island by walking around it,
    admire the views of the islands and the volcano (Kolobangara) and
    finally we are going to visit the small Dominican monastery and church
    built in the heart of the island.
    Solomon Islands, a nation of hundreds of islands in the South Pacific,
    has many WWII-era sites. Guadalcanal, a province and one of the
    archipelago’s largest islands, honors fallen Allied soldiers at its U.S.
    War Memorial. Guadalcanal is also home to the nation’s capital,
    Honiara, whose bustling Central Market showcases the islands’ produce
    and traditional handicrafts.
    Vic Stefanu,
    Explore Solomon Islands
    Things to Do
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    46 Reviews
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    24 Reviews
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    50 Reviews
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    23 Reviews
    Kennedy Island
    13 Reviews
    A mix of the charming, modern, and tried and true.
    Uepi Island Resort
    165 Reviews
    Fatboys Resort
    168 Reviews
    Heritage Park Hotel Honiara
    393 Reviews
    King Solomon Hotel
    372 Reviews
    Coral Sea Resort & Casino
    80 Reviews
    Tavanipupu Island Resort
    96 Reviews
    The Wilderness Lodge
    46 Reviews
    Imagination Island
    39 Reviews
    Tetepare Island Eco-lodge
    34 Reviews
    Zipolo Habu Resort
    51 Reviews
    Go Eat
    Can’t-miss spots to dine, drink, and feast.
    The Ofis Solomon Islands
    61 Reviews
    The Bamboo Bar Cafe
    104 Reviews
    Hakubai Japanese Restaurant
    116 Reviews
    King Solomon Hotel
    134 Reviews
    Coral Sea Resort & Casino
    87 Reviews
    Market Street Kitchen
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    Tenkai Sushi Cafe
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    Taj Mahal indian restaurant
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    Club Havannah
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    Pacific, an archipelago of 992 unspoilt tropical islands. Feel the
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    From the Forums

    26. anatta

    Yoga Keep GIF by Acqua Lete


    No Self, Selflessness (Anatta/Anatman) & the Five Aggregates
    Mindah-Lee Kumar (The Enthusiastic Buddhist)
    34.4K subscribers
    concept of no self or selflessness (also known as anatta or anatman in
    Buddhism) can sometimes be confusing. If there is no self, then who or
    what is experiencing our present reality? The Buddha taught that there
    are five aggregates that constitute a living being; however, to solely
    identify with these is to rob ourselves of knowing our true nature which
    isn’t defined by these five phenomena.
    this video, I explain in detail what these five aggregates (khandhas or
    skandhas) are and how the Buddha’s teachings of no self serves as a
    liberating reminder that our thoughts, feelings and perceptions are not
    to be taken so seriously; that instead there is a way to live in this
    world with a greater lightness of being.
    Membership site for more teachings and support:
    Suttas used in this video:
    Sutta: The Leash (2)” (SN 22.100), translated from the Pali by
    Thanissaro Bhikkhu. Access to Insight (Legacy Edition), 30 November
    Sutta: To Bahuna” (AN 10.81), translated from the Pali by Thanissaro
    Bhikkhu. Access to Insight (Legacy Edition), 30 November 2013,….
    you know for yourselves…’: The Authenticity of the Pali Suttas”, by
    Thanissaro Bhikkhu. Access to Insight (Legacy Edition), 23 April 2012,….
    The Concept of Anatta or Not Self
    Buddha, the Founder of Buddhism
    by Jayaram V
    are three different views of the ego or Self. The first is the belief
    in Self as the soul-entity. The second is the view of the Self based on
    conceit and pride. The third is the Self as a conventional term for the
    first-person singular as distinct from other persons. The Self or “I”
    implicit in “I walk” has nothing to do with illusion or conceit. It is a
    term of common usage that is to be found in the sayings of the Buddha
    and arahants. — Discourse on the Ariyavasa Sutta.
    or the Not-Self is a very important concept of Buddhism, which
    distinguishes it from other religions such as Hinduism and Jainism. In
    the following discussion, we discuss the concept of Anatta in Buddhism,
    its importance to the Eightfold Path and the meditative practices of
    Buddhism, and its possible origins in ancient India before the Buddha.
    Anatta means
    is the Pali or the crude version of the Sanskrit word, Anatma, meaning
    Not-Self. It is also often called the Non Self or No Self. Anatta refers
    to the absence of Self (ana + atma). Anatta also means objective
    reality or what is not Self or what is other than the Self. Anatta
    represents all that exists outside the Self or other than the Self.
    roots of Anatta or Anatma are not in Buddhism or in the teachings of
    the Buddha, but in the ascetic traditions of Hinduism and Jainism of
    ancient India. It is also not specific to Buddhism only. The Buddha made
    it popular by making it the central aspect of his teachings. In the
    belief systems of ancient India, especially those of Hinduism and
    Jainism, Anatta represented the objective or perceptual aspect of the
    existential reality. It also represented the outward approach or the
    perceptual, mindful approach to achieve liberation, in contrast to the
    inward, witness approach or the withdrawal approach to experience the
    subjective Self (Atma or Atman).
    Anatta as Not-self
    Buddha taught the nonexistence of eternal Souls in the beings. He held
    that the eternal Self was an illusion, a notion or a formation of the
    mind. It had no basis in reality. According to him, the world was bereft
    of a soul (or God), and so was the case with the microcosm of any
    living being. It was neither possible nor believable that an eternal,
    imperishable and stable soul could exist anywhere or in any being, when a
    mere observation showed that beings were subject to change, aging,
    decay and death. All sentient beings, and even the objects were in the
    process of becoming and changing from one state to another.
    only Self that made sense to him was the objective self, which could be
    identified with a name and form and possessed a physical Self, and
    which was made up of the mind and body. The physical self, or beingness
    (Anatta or Not-self), was neither eternal nor imperishable nor
    subjective, but was a part of the objective reality (anatta) only, which
    could be objectified as a person, but could still be subjectively
    viewed in its entirety as well as in its parts. Thus, the Anatta was a
    formation, created by the aggregates of thoughts, memories, desires,
    expectations, compassion, attachment, illusion and egoism. It was
    temporary, perishable and changeable. Beyond that objective reality of
    Anatta, there was nothing else such as a permanent, unchanging, eternal
    part of his teaching, the Buddha discouraged speculation upon any
    phenomena, which were not part of the perceptual reality. Accordingly,
    he discouraged questions and speculation upon the nature of the
    transcendental Self or God. He also avoided speculation upon the nature
    of Anatta reality, whether it was real or illusory, just as he avoided
    elaborating the state of Nirvana because it too was outside the
    boundaries of ordinary human experience.
    a sermon delivered to his first five disciples (Samyutta-Nikaya 22.59),
    the Buddha provided a clear reasoning in favor of his No-Self argument
    and advised them to renounce all sense of ownership and possessiveness
    to end attachment, suffering and the process of becoming. He told them
    the following.
    monks, the well-instructed noble disciple, seeing thus, gets wearied of
    form, gets wearied of feeling, gets wearied of perception, gets wearied
    of mental formations, gets wearied of consciousness. Being wearied he
    becomes passion-free. In his freedom from passion, he is emancipated.
    Being emancipated, there is the knowledge that he is emancipated. He
    knows: ‘birth is exhausted, lived is the holy life, what had to be done
    is done, there is nothing more of this becoming.’”
    another occasion, as recorded in the same text, he explained the
    concept of Anatta to another disciple. When he was asked what Anatta
    meant, he replied thus.
    this, Radha, form is not the Self (anatta), sensations are not the Self
    (anatta), perceptions are not the Self (anatta), assemblages are not
    the Self (anatta), consciousness is not the Self (anatta). Seeing
    thusly, this is the end of birth, the Brahman life has been fulfilled,
    what must be done has been done.”
    short, what the Buddha meant was that the body was not the (eternal)
    Self, the mind was not the Self, the feelings were not the Self, or
    anything possessed by them was not the Self. The notion of Self, the
    belief that something was mine or yours, was a mere illusion, which
    arose from the coming together of aggregates and the formation of a
    personality and its consciousness. The consciousness itself was a
    formation of thoughts, feelings, emotions, sensations, memory, reason
    and intelligence. By observing them and understanding their movements,
    one could resolve suffering and attain peace and equanimity.
    Anatta as the objective reality
    means not only Not-self but also the objective or the perceptual
    reality which we experience through the mind and the body. It is the
    reality, which is not the Self or other than the Self or has no relation
    whatsoever with the Self. Whether the Self exists or not is immaterial.
    Whatever the mind and body experiences including the world in which
    they reside constitute the Anatta or the Anatta reality.
    atta and anatta The Anatta, objective and the Atma, subjective realities
    religions of India fall into Atma and Anatma traditions. They are also
    referred to as Asti (Is) and Nasti (Is not). Hinduism and Jainism are
    Atmic traditions. They believe in the existence of eternal souls and in
    their subjective reality, which is pure, transcendental, self-existing,
    indefinable, indescribable, indestructible, all knowing, and infinite.
    The souls are also beyond the mind and senses. Hence, they cannot be
    experienced in the wakeful state.
    soul or the Self cannot be experienced in deep sleep state also since
    the mind remains covered in tamas when a person is asleep. It can be
    experienced only when the mind and the senses are fully withdrawn and
    absorbed in the contemplation of the Self. Since, it is subjective, the
    Self cannot be objectified by any means, except notionally or
    theoretically for our study and understanding.
    contrast, Buddhism is a non-atmic tradition. It does not believe in the
    pure subjective reality which can exist without any relationship to our
    experience of the world. If it is, it serves no purpose in resolving
    our suffering, because our suffering does not arise from the unknown
    Self, but from the known world. It is the source of karma and the cause
    of our suffering.
    The Anatta strategy
    of their fundamental doctrinal differences, Buddhism and Hinduism
    follow divergent strategies to deal with human suffering. Buddhism
    relies upon Anatta reality and Hinduism upon the Atma reality. Hence
    they fundamentally differ with regard to their methods to discipline the
    mind and body and cultivate discernment to achieve liberation. Buddhism
    relies upon the outward, mindfulness strategy to see the objects of the
    mind, the body and the world with greater clarity and intelligence to
    identify the causes of bondage and suffering, while Hinduism recommends
    the inward, contemplative and restful approach in which the mind and
    body are withdrawn from the objective reality and silenced to experience
    self-absorption (Samadhi).
    Hinduism aims to shut down the mind and body from the causes of
    suffering, Buddhism attempts to face them and understand them with the
    Anatta approach or strategy, by accepting the objective reality as the
    starting point for the practice of the Eightfold Path. It is a
    confrontational approach, but true to the teachings of the Buddha, with
    gentleness, compassion and nonviolence. With right perception, right
    thinking and right views, it dwells upon the known rather than the
    unknown, and looks for solutions within the human experience rather than
    outside it. The Buddhists do not believe that there can be a subjective
    reality which is independent of the being or beyond the mind and
    senses. Even if it exists, there is no proof that it is the cause of
    suffering is produced by the existence of things and causes or the
    objective reality. Logically, it is better to begin with the known
    rather than the unknown to resolve existential suffering, and look for
    viable solutions in the current reality of the present moment rather
    than in some metaphysical notion of an inexplicable state that cannot
    humanly be experienced when the mind is active and awake. The Buddhists,
    therefore, remain wide awake and mindful of their suffering as well as
    their goal of Nirvana. They may renounce the worldly life, but do not
    escape from it.
    Four Noble truths unambiguously trace human suffering to the
    existential reality (Anatta) in which beings are caught. Anatta is
    amorphous. When people become involved with it through their senses,
    they develop desires and become bound to the cycle of births and deaths.
    Anatta is alluring enough to consume our attention and involvement.
    However, it is also like a honey-trap, which binds the beings to
    Samsara, or the cycle of births and deaths. When people cling to the
    world and its objects through attraction and aversion, they become bound
    to the mortal world and invite suffering into their lives. By engaging
    in desire-ridden actions, they incur karma and thereby become bound to
    the cycle of births and deaths.
    this understanding, the Buddha advised monks to observe the objective
    reality (Anatta) with mindfulness and discernment to see how it caused
    desires and attachments and produced suffering. This was in sharp
    contrast to the approach followed in Hinduism and Jainism where the
    emphasis was upon withdrawing from the objective reality and remaining
    focused on the Self to experience the purely subjective, omniscient
    state of the transcendental Self.
    wholeheartedly accepts the Anatta approach, without any ambivalence,
    and urges its followers to face the reality rather than engaging in
    speculations about it, or shutting down their minds and senses to it. It
    is a very practical, psychoanalytical and down to earth religion, which
    relies upon intelligence (Buddhi) rather than divine intervention to
    deal with the problems and the suffering people face. It firmly holds
    that one cannot resolve suffering by escaping from it or putting the
    mind to sleep, but by becoming more aware, awake and mindful of its
    causes and avoiding all possible mistakes that lead to them by right
    living on the Eightfold Path. One may speculate upon the Self and its
    reality, but it is an intellectual effort or an elitist approach, which
    does not mitigate suffering other than giving some people the smug
    satisfaction that they engaged their minds in higher thinking.
    Anatta as impermanence
    Buddha taught not only the Not-self approach to observe oneself but
    also the impermanence of the personality. He advised his followers not
    to identify themselves with their names and forms (nama rupa) or their
    Anatta reality, but become aware of the different aspects of their minds
    and bodies to know how they produced suffering. By knowing that they
    were mere aggregates of mental and physical objects and understanding
    the objective reality (anatta) within them and around them, they could
    overcome their desires and clinging and come to terms with their
    suffering and their seeking and striving.
    Buddhist parlance, every living being is just like a river, which is
    ever changing. Since it flows continuously, one may outwardly see the
    same river, with the same twists and turns. However, it is never the
    same because its water is continuously replaced by the water flowing
    from behind. Over a long period, the river itself may change course, or
    dry up completely, due to the changes in the climate or environment.
    consciousness is similar to the river, and our bodies are similar to
    the earth which supports the rivers. Just as the rivers, our
    consciousness is always in a state of flux, moving and changing. When a
    monk realizes that change and impermanence characterize our existence,
    he is no more troubled by what happens to him, what changes in him or
    what he gains or loses. He becomes equal to the happenings in his mind
    and body as well as in the world. Having discerned the truth about
    himself and the world, he attains peace and equanimity, which in
    Buddhism, is called the state of Nirvana.
    the teachings of the Buddha we understand that if you study the
    individual components of a being and if you separate each of them, you
    will realize that nothing exists beyond them, which is permanent and
    stable. The personality or the beingness is like a bubble. It is an
    aggregate of many individual components, which are held together by
    desires and essential nature. If you separate them, can you say that the
    individual still exists?
    notion of Self is not only an illusion but also an obstacle to the
    realization of Nirvana or knowing the truth about oneself. A person or
    his beingness is created by the aggregates of memories, feelings,
    perceptions, emotions, etc. Depending upon which of them the person
    chooses to define himself, the person becomes distinguished or acquires
    distinctive traits and characteristics which separate him from the rest.
    those choices or components are changed, a different personality
    emerges from the same person. We know from experience that people do not
    hold the same thoughts or feelings or emotions always. Hence, they act
    differently in different circumstances and remain unpredictable. The
    same happens when a person loses his mind or suffers from amnesia. He
    becomes a different person with a different personality. From an
    existential point of view, the objective Self (self-image) is one’s own
    creation or formation. It is an objective reality which can be
    perceived, altered, influenced or silenced.
    Anatta as emptiness
    essence of Anatta is emptiness. Anatta is the objective experience of
    the formation and aggregation of things. Nothing is permanent there and
    nothing there lasts forever. It is like the clouds in the sky or the
    colors that manifest before the sunset. It exists as long as the mind
    and the senses exist. When the personality is dissolved, the Anatta
    which is dependent on it also dissolves. Sister Khema 1 explains the
    Anatta state from the perspective of Nirvana in the following words.
    Non-Self is experienced through the aspect of impermanence, through the
    aspect of unsatisfactoriness, and through the aspect of emptiness.
    Empty of what? The word ‘emptiness’ is so often misunderstood because
    when one only thinks of it as a concept, one says ‘what do you mean by
    empty?’ Everything is there: there are the people, and there are their
    insides, guts and their bones and blood and everything is full of stuff —
    and the mind is not empty either. It’s got ideas, thoughts and
    feelings. And even when it doesn’t have those, what do you mean by
    emptiness? The only thing that is empty is the emptiness of an entity.
    There is no specific entity in anything. That is emptiness. That is the
    nothingness. That nothingness is also experienced in meditation. It is
    empty, it is devoid of a specific person, devoid of a specific thing,
    devoid of anything which makes it permanent, devoid of anything which
    even makes it important. The whole thing is in flux. So the emptiness is
    that. And the emptiness is to be seen everywhere; to be seen in
    oneself. And that is what is called anatta, non-Self. Empty of an
    entity. There is nobody there. It is all imagination. At first that
    feels very insecure.”
    Share This
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    The Concept of Anatta or Not-Self in Buddhism
    essay is about the concept of Anatta or Not-self in Buddhism and its
    implication and importance in the practice of Buddhist Dhamma

    32. Tokelau
    Tokelau Flag GIF - Tokelau GIFs


    Culture Name




    “Tokelau” means “north-northeast.” Its people
    also identify themselves by their atoll villages: Atafu, Fakaofo, and

    Location and Geography.

    Three unbroken rings of coral with a combined land area of somewhat over
    four square miles (ten square kilometers) lie along a 93 mile (150
    kilometers) northwest– southeast axis, separated from each other by
    37 to 56 miles (60 to 90 kilometers) of open sea.


    The population is about 1,700. An additional estimated five thousand
    reside overseas, mainly in New Zealand.

    Linguistic Affiliation.

    Tokelauan is a Polynesian language. Older people are bilingual in Samoan,
    which was introduced with Christianity in the 1860s; younger people are
    more apt to be bilingual in English through their schooling.


    Homeland atolls are the preeminent symbols, denoting both place and

    History and Ethnic Relations

    Emergence of the Nation and National Identity.

    As a culturally distinctive dependency of New Zealand, Tokelau is a
    nation. After sixty years as a British protectorate and then a colony
    ruled with “benign neglect,” in 1948 Tokelau became
    “a part of New Zealand” and its people became New Zealand
    citizens. Most people want to retain that status, which combines
    considerable local political autonomy with substantial external support.

    Ethnic Relations.

    Virtually all residents are of Tokelauan ancestry. In New Zealand,
    Tokelauans are a minority population among other Pacific Islanders, Maori,
    and persons of Asian and European ancestry. Many conscientiously maintain
    aspects of their culture.

    Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space

    The villages are densely peopled and like small rural towns in character.
    Public buildings under the aegis of the village are the meeting house and
    the church. Public amenities under the control of the
    administration/public service are the dispensary/hospital, school, and
    administration compound that houses the communications center (formerly
    the two-way radio), the village cooperative store, and offices for
    administrative and elected officers. Dwelling houses are rectangular
    single-room structures on raised coral-filled foundations and aligned with
    the straight heavily traveled footpaths. Until the 1970s, the houses were
    open constructions of local timber and pandanus-leave thatch, with plaited
    coconut frond blinds that could be lowered against wind and rain. Now the
    houses are more closed, built of imported lumber, concrete, and corrugated
    iron, sometimes with louvered glass windows. They are still, however,
    carpeted with mats plaited from pandanus and/or coconut leaves, upon which
    the occupants sit and lounge. Other furnishings are rolled-up sleeping
    mats, locked wooden boxes containing clothing and other personal
    belongings, and miscellaneous chairs, tables, and bedsteads. Separate
    cookhouses, still constructed of local materials, may be adjacent to, or
    more likely, distant from dwelling houses.

    Food and Economy

    Food in Daily Life.

    Fish and coconuts are abundant; other local foods are seasonal or scarce.
    Stores stock imported food, mainly rice, flour, and sugar.

    Basic Economy.

    Traditional economic activities center on the land, reef, lagoon, and
    sea. Fishing is



    strictly a subsistence activity, pursued with ingenuity backed by
    extensive knowledge. Coconuts rarely are harvested for uses other than
    subsistence since public service employment became the main source of
    cash. Handicrafts are more often produced as gifts than for cash.

    Land Tenure and Property.

    Aside from a small portion of land used for communal purposes, all land
    is held by cognatic kin groups and managed by persons with recognized
    positions within those groups. Village houses are occupied and managed by
    kin group women; men manage and harvest plantation lands. Virtually
    everyone has rights to land and to a share of the produce from the land.
    Most people are members of more than one kin group and many receive
    produce from four or more.

    Commercial Activities.

    All entrepreneurial activities are closely scrutinized by the Councils in
    each village.

    Division of Labor.

    A major division exists between salaried public service employees who
    have job qualifications and wage-earning public service employees who do
    not. The distinction between paid and unpaid work has been partially
    eroded by village management of aid projects, for which all village
    workers are paid. Age determines who does what, who directs, and who

    Social Stratification

    Classes and Castes.

    An egalitarian ethic overrides differentials in wealth among a growing
    elite whose education and experience qualify them for better-paid
    employment or positions. They contribute generously to village and family
    enterprises and avoid ostentatious displays of affluence.

    Political Life


    The New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs administers Tokelau,
    delegating certain powers to the three village-elected Faipule, who rotate
    as “head” of Tokelau during their three-year terms.

    Leadership and Political Officials.

    Councils of elderly men and/or representatives of kin groups control the
    villages and direct village activities through the elected Pulenuku

    Social Problems and Control.

    Persons are reprimanded in communal venues by their elders and peers for
    minor misdemeanors and are brought before local courts for more serious

    Social Welfare and Change Programs

    Development programs proliferate, supported by New Zealand and by
    international, regional, and other aid.

    Nongovernmental Organizations and Other Associations

    Organizations of able-bodied men, adult women, and competing
    “sides” are long-standing village institutions, as are
    several church associations. Clubs and youth groups are less permanent.

    Gender Roles and Statuses

    Division of Labor by Gender.

    The adage that men “go”—fishing and
    harvesting—and women “stay”—managing the
    family—has been compromised by widespread public service
    employment. Both men and women work in skilled jobs; most unskilled
    workers are men.

    Relative Status of Women and Men.

    Complementary equity predicated on sister-brother relationships has been
    compromised by Christian ideology and money.

    Performers from the Tokelau Islands wear traditional dress as they attend the South Pacific Arts Festival.

    Performers from the Tokelau Islands wear traditional dress as they
    attend the South Pacific Arts Festival.

    Marriage, Family, and Kinship


    Virtually all residents enter into sanctified, lifelong monogamous
    unions. Individual choice is constrained by kin group exogamy.

    Domestic Unit.

    The pattern is an uxorilocal, often expanded nuclear family, in line with
    the adage that women “stay” and men “go.”


    All offspring inherit rights from both parents.

    Kin Groups.

    Members of each cognatic kin group reside throughout the village and
    interact regularly.


    Child Rearing and Education.

    Infant care is indulgent. Children are closely disciplined and precisely
    instructed in increasingly complex tasks.

    Higher Education.

    All children attend village primary and secondary schools; many continue
    their schooling abroad.


    Deference and obedience to one’s elders and restraint between
    cross-sex siblings is expected. Physical aggression is abhorred.


    Religious Beliefs.

    Protestant and Catholic congregations practice a fundamentalist,
    puritanical form of Christianity.

    Religious Practitioners.

    Protestant pastors, deacons, and lay preachers and Catholic priests,
    catechists, and elders direct their respective congregations.

    Rituals and Holy Places.

    Churches are cherished sites with frequent masses and services.

    Death and the Afterlife.

    A short wake, church service, and burial are followed by evenings of
    mourning and ended by a feast. Unusual events and encounters may be
    attributed to ghost spirits. The dead are fondly remembered.

    Medicine and Health Care

    Western curative and preventive medicine has long been available. The
    hospital is normally the first resort. Local therapists mainly use

    Secular Celebrations

    Numerous commemorative days and other celebrations feature feasts,
    competitions, parades, and entertainment.

    The Arts and Humanities


    Oral narratives may be fictional stories or recountings of the past.

    Graphic Arts.

    Women work in fiber, and men work in wood.

    Performance Arts.

    Poetry, music, and dance are combined in old and new group compositions.
    Rebirth Statue GIF - Rebirth Statue TuesdayNight GIFs

    Film & Animation

    What Does “Samsara” Mean in Buddhism?

    The Beginningless Cycle of Repeated Birth, Mundane Existence and Dying Again

    Man Rising From the Ashes, Energy, Aura, Power, Reincarnation

    gremlin / Getty Images

    In Buddhism, samsara is often defined as the endless cycle of birth,
    death, and rebirth. Or, you may understand it as the world of suffering
    and dissatisfaction (dukkha), the opposite of nirvana, which is the condition of being free from suffering and the cycle of rebirth. 

    In literal terms, the Sanskrit word samsara means “flowing on” or “passing through.” It is illustrated by the Wheel of Life and explained by the Twelve Links of Dependent Origination.
    It might be understood as the state of being bound by greed, hate, and
    ignorance, or as a veil of illusion that hides true reality. In
    traditional Buddhist philosophy, we are trapped in samsara through one
    life after another until we find awakening through enlightenment.

    However, the best definition of samsara, and one with more modern applicability may be from the Theravada monk and teacher Thanissaro Bhikkhu

     ”Instead of a place, it’s a process: the tendency to keep
    creating worlds and then moving into them.” And note that this creating
    and moving in doesn’t just happen once, at birth. We’re doing it all the

    Creating Worlds

    We aren’t just creating worlds; we’re also creating ourselves. We
    beings are all processes of physical and mental phenomena. The Buddha
    taught that what we think of as our permanent self, our ego,
    self-consciousness, and personality, is not fundamentally real. But,
    it’s continually regenerated based on prior conditions and choices. From
    moment to moment, our bodies, sensations, conceptualizations, ideas and
    beliefs, and consciousness work together to create the illusion of a
    permanent, distinctive “me.” 

    Further, in no small extent, our “outer” reality is a projection of
    our “inner” reality. What we take to be reality is always made up in
    large part of our subjective experiences of the world. In a way, each of
    us is living in a different world that we create with our thoughts and

    We can think of rebirth, then, as something that happens from one
    life to another and also something that happens moment to moment. In
    Buddhism, rebirth or reincarnation is not the transmigration of an individual soul to a newly born body (as is believed in Hinduism), but more like the karmic conditions
    and effects of life moving forward into new lives. With this kind of
    understanding, we can interpret this model to mean that we are “reborn”
    psychologically many times within our lives. 

    Likewise, we can think of the Six Realms
    as places we may be “reborn” into every moment. In a day, we might pass
    through all of them. In this more modern sense, the six realms can be
    considered by psychological states. 

    The critical point is that living in samsara is a process. It is
    something we’re all doing right now, not just something we’ll do at the
    beginning of a future life. How do we stop?

    Liberation From Samsara

    This brings us to the Four Noble Truths. Very basically, the Truths tell us that:

    1. We are creating our samsara;
    2. How we are creating samsara;
    3. That we can stop creating samsara;
    4. The way to stop is by following the Eightfold Path

    The Twelve Links of Dependent Origination describe the process of dwelling in samsara. We see that the first link is avidya,
    ignorance. This is ignorance of the Buddha’s teaching of the Four Noble
    Truths and also ignorance of who we are. This leads to the second link,
    samskara, which contains the seeds of karma. And so on.

    We can think of this cycle-chain as something that happens at the
    beginning of each new life. But by a more modern psychological reading,
    it is also something we’re doing all the time. Becoming mindful of this
    is the first step to liberation.

    Samsara and Nibbana

    Samsara is contrasted with nirvana. Nirvana is not a place but a state that is neither being nor non-being.

    Theravada Buddhism understands samsara and nirvana to be opposites. In Mahayana Buddhism,
    however, with its focus on inherent Buddha Nature, both samsara and
    nirvana are seen as natural manifestations of the empty clarity of the
    mind. When we cease to create samsara, nirvana naturally appears;
    nirvana, then, can be seen as the purified true nature of samsara. 

    However you understand it, the message is that although the
    unhappiness of samsara is our lot in life, it is possible to understand
    the reasons for it and the methods for escaping it. 

    10 Famous and Tallest Statues of Lord Buddha in India
    as a religion originated in the eastern part of Indian Subcontinent,
    Gautama Buddha is the primary figure in Buddhism. In most Buddhist
    traditions, Siddhartha Gautama is regarded as the Supreme Buddha and
    worshiped in the form of statue, Here is the list of top 10 tallest
    statues of Lord Buddha in India, Few more are Prakriti Bhavan Buddha
    Statue in West Bengal,Lord Buddha statue in Agartala.
    Tathagata Tsal – 39 m
    Park of Ravangla in South Sikkim host the tallest status of Lord Buddha
    in India, constructed between 2006 and 2013 and Ravangla is part of the
    Himalayan Buddhist Circuit.
    Dhyana Buddha Statue – 38.1
    Buddha statue in Amaravathi is the second tallest status of Buddha in
    India in sitting posture, situated on the banks of Krishna river of
    Andhra Pradesh.
    Clement Town Buddha Statue – 31 m
    Mindroling Monastery Buddha
    103 feet (31 m) high statue of Buddha is dedicated to the Dalai Lama is
    situated in Clement Town Monestry, the highest Mindroling Monestry in
    the world. Also a large Tibetan settlement and the World’s Largest
    Stupa, of the re-established Mindroling Monastery from Tibet, is
    situated in Clement Town.
    Great Buddha, Bodhgaya – 25 m
    Great Buddha Statue is one of the major Buddhist tourist attraction in
    Bodhgaya with 25 m (82 ft) high in meditation pose. Great Buddha is
    possibly the largest Buddha statue in meditation pose built in India
    with the mix of sandstone blocks and red granite.Image
    Standing Buddha, Sarnath
    of the main attractions of Sarnath is the 80 ft high Standing statue of
    Lord Buddha, located on the premises of Thai Buddha Vihar in Sarnath.
    The standing statue of Sarnath is one of the country’s tallest standing
    statue of Lord Buddha.
    Monolith Buddha Statue, Hyderabad
    Buddha Statue of Hyderabad stands in an island in the middle of the
    Hussain Sagar lake and is the world’s tallest monolith statue of Gautama
    Buddha. Hussain Sagar is an artificial lake and the statue of standing
    Buddha in abhya mudra
    Reclining Buddha, Kushinara
    is an important Buddhist pilgrimage site, where Buddhists believe
    Gautama Buddha attained Parinibbana after his death. The reclining
    Nibbana statue of the Buddha is inside the Parinibbana Stupa is 6.10
    metres long and is made of monolith red sand stone.
    Metteyya Awakened One With Awareness Ladakh
    Golden-Metteyya Awakened One With Awareness
    Awakened One With Awareness statue is 32 metre tall statue near Diskit
    Monastery in the Nubra Valley of Ladakh. Diskit Monastery also known as
    Deskit Gompa is the oldest and largest Buddhist monastery in Ladakh.
    Belam Caves Buddha, Andhra Pradesh
    giant Buddha Statue near a hillock near the Belum Caves of Andhra
    Pradesh,the cave is the second largest cave in Indian subcontinent and
    known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations. The area of cave
    known as Meditation hall was used by Buddhist
    Samanadipa Monks
    Lord Buddha Statue, Tawang
    and Magnificent statue of Lord Buddha with 26 feet high is situated
    inside the main Tawang Monastery, the largest monastery in India and
    second largest in the world. Tawang Monastery is one of the Mindblowing
    Buddhist Monasteries in India.
    Ajanta Caves Buddha, Aurangabad
    Ajanta Caves are about 30 rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments include
    paintings and sculptures which are masterpieces of Buddhist religious
    art. A statue of a reclining Buddha carved on the wall of the ancient
    Buddhist rock temple in Ajanta Caves near Aurangabad.
    Maitreya Buddha, Kushinara
    Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness Project international organisation
    and the UP State Government have worked together to set up to construct
    a 152 metre (500 ft) statue of the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness
    in Kushinara of Uttar Pradesh and also the area surrounding the
    Project. Recenlty the project scope has changed to a smaller statue of
    the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness in Kushinara and a 45 metre
    (150 ft) statue of the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness in
    Bodhgaya, Bihar.
    Photo: Travelogy India
    is known as the land of monasteries. Out of the numerous monasteries,
    Diskit Monastery, is the oldest and the largest Buddhist monastery in
    the Nubra Valley. It was founded in the 14th century and is located at
    an altitude of 3,142 meters. And ironically enough, it faces Pakistan!
    What Is It?
    monastery is based in the Diskit village that is a 3-hour drive through
    rugged, harsh roads from Leh city. And while I was on my way to the
    monastery, I crossed the Khardung pass, which is known for being the
    highest motorable road of the world. But what is iconic about the
    monastery is that it houses the biggest and oldest Buddha statue, one
    that is 106 feet tall!
    The Monastery
    opposite the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness statue, perched atop a
    hill is the Diskit monastery. I had to descend the statue elevation,
    and take my car that drove me to the foot of the monastery. It’s just a
    10 minute drive from the Metteyya Awakened One with Awareness statue
    wanted to visit the prayer hall mainly, and was asked to climb ‘some’
    stairs, to get to it. After what seemed like a hundred stairs, I managed
    to climb my way to the door of the prayer hall! I took about 5 stops to
    breathe (and of
    course, get a picture!)

    33. United States Minor Outlying Islands

    28. Cakkamatti Sihananda Sutta,

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