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LESSON 3074 Sun 28 Jul 2019 KUSHINARA WHITE PAGODA Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice University 
 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES including Classical Sanskrit. From at 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore, Karnataka State, India for teaching Meditation in Buddha’s own words. Also to create the entire teachings of the Buddha in the latest 7D laser Hologram format for the welfare, happiness, peace to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal. WhatsApp 9449260443 SMS 9449835875 Email: Teachings of Buddha The Buddha’s last days are described in the Pali text called the Great Parinibbana Sutta (Parinibbana meaning “completed nibbana”).
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 4:46 pm

LESSON 3074 Sun 28 Jul 2019


Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice
 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES including Classical Sanskrit.
at 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore,
Karnataka State, India for teaching Meditation in Buddha’s own words.
Also to create the entire teachings of the Buddha in the latest 7D laser
Hologram format for the welfare, happiness, peace to attain Eternal
Bliss as Final Goal.
WhatsApp 9449260443
SMS 9449835875

Teachings of Buddha

The Buddha’s last days are described in the Pali text called the Great
Parinibbana Sutta (Parinibbana meaning “completed nibbana”).

Best animated graphics

animated buddha photo: Animated Buddha BuddhaMed.gif

Uttar Pradesh to boast of world’s tallest Buddha statue
Filed under: General
Posted by: site admin @ 11:58 am

The Maitreya Project, Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
…The World’s tallest statue and a brilliant religious masterpiece dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha!

Now, another great religious project has officially been given the go-ahead in one of the poorest parts of India. The Maitreya Project is a tribute to Buddhism for and from the land of the Buddha and is as a multi-faith cooperative designed by Tibetans who call India their home as as a lasting gift to India and Buddhism.

In this era of veritable skyscraper-hedonism (*cough*Dubai*coughh* j/k), this project is unique in that it is designed to fulfill a completely selfless goal, namely “to benefit as many people as possible.” A monumental sustainable work of art that will serve as a constant source of inspiration and a symbol of loving-kindness, work will soon begin on the 152 meter-tall Maitreya Buddha Statue that is the centerpiece of a large temple complex.

An engineering marvel that at will not only be — at three times the size of the Statue of Liberty — the world’s tallest statue and world’s tallest temple but will also be the world’s largest (first?) statue-skyscraper, designed to have a lifespan surpassing a 1,000 years.

For more information and a large collection of pictures of this beautiful project originally posted by me on, read on!…


The focal point of Indian architecture, like its culture, has always been religious in nature. Just as the Indian economic boom is bringing incredible economic and architectural growth in the secular area, so has Indian religious architecture once again become manifest in the construction of some of the largest, massive, and most intricate religious architecture the world has seen, from the recently completed Akshardham Temple, New Delhi — the largest volume Hindu Temple in India, to the under construction Global Vipassana Pagoda, Mumbai — the largest stupa, largest dome, and largest rock cave in the world, to the planned Sri Mayapur Vedic Temple and Planetarium, Mayapur, the world’s tallest Hindu temple.

And now the Maitreya Buddha Statue is to be another gem added to this crow. The statue is a veritable temple-skyscraper that will contain 17 individual shrine rooms. The highest room at 140 meters high — the equviliant height of the 40th storey of a standard building. This statue and complex will be a fusion of Indian and Tibetan architectural styles
that will adhere to ancient Vaastu Shastra design code and will also
hold the world’s largest collection of Lord Buddha’s relics.

A cutaway view of the 152 meter Maitreya statue and throne building
showing the spaces and levels within. Note that the throne itself will
be a 17 storey fully functional temple, with 15 additional shrine rooms
in the the body of the Maitreya statue.

Apart from the statue/skyscraper, the Maitreya Project organizers will also build free hospitals and schools servicing tens of thousands of poor, and also be a huge catalyst for infrastructure and tourism development efforts in one of the most economically backwards parts of India.

The project is a joint religious collaboration by
organizations representing the various sects and faiths that revere the
Buddha: from Hinduism to Mahayana to Vajrayana to Hinayana to Jaina to
Christian and Muslim. Under guidance of the overall project conceptualizer, Nepalese-Tibetan spiritual leader Lama Zopa Rinpoche,
the Project was funded by Buddhist and Hindu temples, social
organizations, religious groups and by individuals in India, Nepal,
Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Tibet, China, Japan, Korea, the UK and America.

Through this project, India once again shows that the
ancient arts of massive devotional architecture continues to undergo a
veritable renaissance.


The Maitreya Complex: Project Detail

^ A prerendering of the Maitreya Buddha statue and temple, showing its massive size.

The Maitreya Project “is based on the
belief that inner peace and outer peace share a cause and effect
relationship and that loving-kindness leads to peace at every level of
society — peace for individuals, families, communities and the world.”

The entire temple complex is designed to be completely sustainable,
meaning that it will quite literally have the same environmental impact
(i.e. emit the same amount of carbon dioxide and methane) as the paddy
field it will be constructed.

The Project will include schools and universities that focus on ethical and spiritual development as well as academic achievement, and a healthcare network based around a teaching hospital of international standard with the intention of supplementing the medical services currently provided by the government to provide healthcare services, particularly for the poor and underprivileged.

As such, the Maitreya Project organizers are working in tandem with
the local, regional and state governments in Uttar Pradesh, India, who
have fully supported the project. To this effect, the Kushinagar
Special Development Area Authority will support the planned development
of the area surrounding the Project.

The total project cost is estimated at $250 million,
but the project will develop this impoverished region and will earn a
hundredfold more that will be funneled into the Maitreya Project’s
historical preservation plans and charities.

^ Maitreya Project engineers on-site


The Location of the Maitreya Complex

The Maitreya Buddha project was originally concieved to be built in Bodh Gaya, Bihar state,
the site of the Buddha’s enlightenment, but due to threat of delays due
to red tape, was moved to what was seen to be a more appropriate
location, the village of Kushinagar, in Uttar Pradesh state.

Kushinagar is a place of great historical and spiritual significance. It is the place where Shakyamuni (Historical) Buddha passed away and it is predicted to be the birthplace of the next Buddha, Maitreya – the Buddha of Loving-kindness - of whom this temple is dedicated to.

^ The original conception of the Maitreya Buddha statue, then to be located at Bodh Gaya

Recognising the long-term benefits Maitreya Project is bringing to
the region, the State Government of Uttar Pradesh is providing, free of
charge, 750 acres of mainly agricultural land in Kushinagar.

^ A view of the Maitreya Project land site, currently rice paddy

Indeed, the Project itslef will be located adjacent to the ancient Mahaparinirvana Temple, commemorating the Buddha’s passing, the ancient Ramabhar Stupa, commemorating the Buddha’s cremation site, as well as several equally old and older Hindu temples. It
is predicted that the pilgrimage, tourism and development capital that
will flow into this region because of this project will created
sustainable income for the restoration, refurbishment and maintinance of
these ancient sacred sites.

Surrounding the complex is the Kushinagar Special Development Area,
designed as a sustainable development entity that will coordinate the
various organizations involved in the project and surrounding tourist
and general development that will come with the project.


The Kushinagar Special Development Area

The Maitreya Project and the Uttar Pradesh have worked together to create the Kushinagar Special Development Area (KSDA), an additional area of 7.5 kilometres surrounding the Maitreya Project site.

Municipal bylaws and planning regulations have now been adopted to
protect the KSDA from the kind of opportunism that is often seen in
communities of emerging economic development. Maitreya Project has
representation on the legal bodies governing the KSDA as well as the
work of monitoring the development of the region will be ongoing.

It is within the KSDA that Maitreya Project will implement its extensive healthcare and education programmes.


Maitreya Project Preliminary Site Plan

Maitreya Project’s lead architects, Aros Ltd., have drawn up a
preliminary proposed plan for the beautiful 750 acre Kushinagar site.

Main features being:

  • The Ceremonial Gateway & Maitreya Statue Sanctuary will lead visitors to the 500ft/152m Maitreya Buddha statue.
  • The Maitreya Buddha Statue will sit on the Throne Building containing temples, prayer halls, exhibition halls, a museum, library and audio-visual theatre.
  • The Hospital and Healthcare Centre will be the hub of Maitreya Project’s public healthcare programmes.
    The development of these programmes will begin with primary care
    clinics in the communities of the Kushinagar Special Development Area.
    Over the years, the medical services will be developed and expanded to
    meet the needs of many communities. A complete healthcare
    network will be developed to provide medical services that are centred
    around a teaching hospital of international standard. The healthcare
    system will primarily serve the poor and under-privileged, even in
    remote parts of the area.
  • The Centre of Learning, will eventually serve students from primary to university levels of education.
  • The Meditation Park will be a secluded area next to the ancient Mahaparinirvana Temple, which commemorates Buddha Shakyamuni’s passing away from our world, the ancient Ramabhar Stupa, commemorating the Buddha’s holy cremation site,
    and monasteries and temples belonging to many different traditions of
    Buddhism that include both modern facilities and ancient ruins.

^ A View from the Maitreya Project Park

All of these features will be set in beautifully landscaped parks
with meditation pavilions, beautiful water fountains and tranquil pools.
All of the buildings and outdoor features will contain an extensive
collection of inspiring sacred art.

^ A view of the temple from the gardens surrounding the site


The Statue of the Maitreya Buddha

The center of the Maitreya Project, of course, is the bronze plate statue of the Maitreya Buddha itself. Rising 500ft/152m in height, the statue will sit on a stone throne temple building located in an enclosed sanctuary park.


The Living Wall:

Surrounding the Maitreya Buddha statue is a four-storey halo of buildings called the “Living Wall.” This ring of buildings contains accomadation for the complex’s monks and workers as well as rooms for functions ancillary to the statue and throne building.

The wall also serves two additional important functions. In light of
cross-border Islamist terrorist attacks against Indian holy sites in
Ayodhya, Akshardham and Jama Masjid, the Living Wall also is designed to be a security cordon
eqivalent to a modern castle wall, staffed with security personnel and
designed to withstand an attack from 200 heavily armed raiders.

^ Prerendering of the Statue showing the location of the living wall, main gate, paths and garden areas.

The final major function it performs is that of the boundary for the enclosed sanctuary area of landscaped gardens, pools and fountains for meditation directly surrounding the Maitreya statue. The entry to the enclosed sanctuary and the Maitreya statue will be serviced by a main gate.

^ The tree and stupa lined paths to the ceremonial gate, which is the entrance to the sanctuary.

Passing the ceremonial gate, landscaped paths allow devotes to do Pradakshina (circumambulation) of the Maitreya Statue.

^ The terraced circumambulation paths, with the gate in the background.

Within the sanctuary, the gardens provide a place for relaxing,
resting, and meditating, with educational artwork depicting the Buddha’s

^ A view towards the statue from one of these stupa lined terraces.

Walking further inward, the is Maitreya Statue and Throne Temple,
surrounded by tranquil ponds and fountains that will cool the area in
the intense Indian summer.

^ The Maitreya statue and throne surrounded by the tranquil ponds containing Buddha statues of the meditation sanctuary.


The Throne Temple:

The “seat” of the statue is itelf a fully functioning 17-storey temple roughly 80m x 50m in size
. The building will contain two very large prayer halls,
as well as meditation and meeting rooms, a library and facilities to
deal with the anticipated annual influx of 2 million visitors.

^ The entrance to the throne building with the Maitreya Buddha statue resting upon the lotus on top

Pilgrims will enter the throne temple through the giant lotus that
supports the Maitreya Buddha statue’s feet. The throne temple contains
several entrance rooms that contain works of art on the Buddha’s life
and teachings.

^ The first major prayer hall of throne building, containing works of art on the Buddha.

Continuing inward is the cavernous main auditorium of the Maitreya Temple containing the Sanctum Sanctorum which
in Indian architectural tradition is the innermost most sacred room
where the actual shrine is held. This Sanctum Sanctorum is unique in
that within it contains two large auditorium temples.

The first temple in the Sanctum Sanctorum is the Temple of the Maitreya Buddha, containing a huge, 12 meter tall statue of the Buddha.

^ Upon entering the Sanctum Sanctorum, the 12 meter tall statue of the Buddha can be glimpsed.

A wall containing 200,000 images of the Buddhas rises up to the throne ceiling over 50 metres above, behind both auditorium temples.

^ A glimpse from the ambulatory of the side walls within the Maitreya Temple and the 1,000 paintings of the Buddhas.

The centerpiece shrine of the Maitreya Temple is the 12 meter tall Maitreya Buddha. Stairs and elevators lead to viewing platforms around the Maitreya Temple, allowing views of the entire room

^ A view of the Maitreya Buddha statue and the wall of the 200,000 images of the Buddha, seen from viewing platforms.

The next biggest shrine in the Sanctum Sanctorum is the Temple of the Shakyamuni Buddha
which contains a 10 meter statue of the Shakyamuni (Historical) Buddha.
Behind the shrine is the continuation of the wall of 200,000 Buddhas.

On a higher level yet again, the Shakyamuni Temple will house a 10
metre (33 ft.) statue of the historical Buddha. The glass rear wall will
reveal the wall of 200,000 Buddhas within the Maitreya Temple.

^ Another view of the Shakyamuni Temple.

In Indian architecture, the Sanctum Sanctorum is encircled by a
pathway that allows devotees to do Pradakshina (circumambulation) of the
shrine. The Maitreya Temple, following this tradition, also has this

The main throne building and Pradakshina path where visitors may
circumambulate Sanctum Sanctorum of the Maitreya Temple, which can be
seen through the doorways on the right

From this area, elevators and staircases will carry visitors to the various other rooms in the 17 storey base, including prayer halls, meditation halls and libraries. Eventually conveying devotees to a large rooftop garden terrace upon which the Maitreya Buddha statue actually rests.

Here, rising into the upper legs of the main statue, is the Merit Field Hall
with a 10 meter, 3-dimensional depiction of over 390 Buddhas and
Buddhist masters at it’s center. Surrounding this will be 12 individual
shrine rooms devoted to particular deities in the Hindu-Buddhist

^ The Merit Field Hall with its 10m, 3-D depiction.

From the garden terrace, another bank of elevators will whisk pilgrims to the higher shrine rooms contained in the statue’s torso and head.


The Statue:

The statue will contain 15 individual shrine rooms and have a
total height of 152 meters, with the highest shrine room in the
statue’s head, at over 140 meters up. This is roughly equivalent in height to a 40-storey skyscraper.

^ A cutaway diagram of the statue-tower.

The statue is itself an engineering marvel. Rather than simply be designed in its massive size, the statue of the Maitreya Buddha was actually reversed-designed from a carved statue only a meter and half in height and the structure’s engineering extrapolated into its current form.

The original statue from which the Maitreya Buddha statue tower is
extrapolated from was hand carved, and is in the Indian Gupta style.

Moreover, the statue is designed to stand for at least 1,000 years, supporting the Project’s spiritual and social work for at least a millennium.
Due to the statue’s millenia-passing lifespan, the huge structure is
designed to withstand high winds, extreme temperature changes, seasonal
rains, possible earthquakes and floods and environmental pollution.

Extensive research has gone into developing “Nikalium”, the
special nickel-aluminum bronze alloy to be used for the outer ’skin’ of
the statue designed to withstand the most challenging conditions that
could conceivably arise.

As the bronze ’skin’ will expand and contract dramatically due to
daily temperature changes, the statue will require special expansion
joints that were designed to be not only invisible to the observer, but
also in such a way as to protect the internal supports of the statue
from water leakage, erosion and corrosion. The material and structural
components of the statue are meant to be able to withstand potential
unforseen disasters like earthquakes and monsoon flooding.

^ The engineering process of the Buddha statue.


Construction Status — June, 2007

The Maitreya Project recently passed its first major milestone this month,
when, in compliance with the Indian Land Acquistion Act, the State
Government of Uttar Pradesh has completed the necessary legal
requirements for the acquisition of the 750 acre land site to be made
available to the Project.

While there are still permissions and clearances to be obtained, it has now officially given the green light and the full support of the government.

It is expected that the Project will formally break ground either later this year or early 2008, with an expected construction time of five years. The project will employ more than a thousand skilled and semi-skilled workers in the construction phase.


For more information on this fantastic project, check out

Sorry for the length of the post, but I wanted this veritable essay
to be a comprehensive introduction to what Maitreya Project organizers
aim to literally be the 8th Wonder of the World, and an everlasting
symbol of Religious Syncretism, Tolerance, Compassion and most of all,

A cause truely fitting of the Buddha, Shakya Muni Sri Siddharth Gautamaji.

American Buddhist Net

Uttar Pradesh to boast of world’s tallest Buddha statue

Does this sound good to you? Here’s a story about something similar in Australia: Nowra to get its own Kung Fu temple: Australia ABN

Tuesday, 25 March , 2008, 18:25

Lucknow: Decks are being cleared for the installation of the world’s
tallest Buddha statue in Kushinagar town of eastern Uttar Pradesh.

Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Mayawati was understood to have
directed officials to speed up the acquisition and transfer of 600 acres
of land required for the Rs 10 billion project to be funded and
undertaken by the global Maitryi Group. Provision of land is UP
government’s share in the project.

For more news, analysis click here>> | For more Science and Medicine news click here >>

The project involves installation of a 152-metre-tall bronze statue
of Lord Buddha along with a giant meditation centre, an international
university, a state-of-art world-class hospital and a museum. The
project also envisages an entertainment complex in the neighbourhood
that would include an amusement park and a five-star hotel.
How to Enter Jhana — Michael W. Taft
Michael Taft
Streamed live on Mar 7, 2019
Guided meditation from beginning to about 44 minutes.
Then talk and Q&A about how to enter jhana.
Includes the answer to the perennial question: How is jhana like going to an Iggy Pop concert in Japan?

About This Website
Guided meditation from beginning to about 44 minutes. Then talk and…

The Blessed,Noble,Awakened One-The Tathagata

(The Four Jhanas)

“Quite withdrawn from sensuality, withdrawn from unskillful
mental qualities, he enters and remains in the first jhana: rapture and
pleasure born from withdrawal, accompanied by directed thought and
evaluation. He permeates and pervades, suffuses and fills this very body
with the rapture and pleasure born from withdrawal.
Just as if a skilled bathman
or bathman’s apprentice would pour bath powder into a brass basin and
knead it together, sprinkling it again and again with water, so that his
ball of bath powder — saturated, moisture-laden, permeated within and
without — would nevertheless not drip; even so, the True Follower of The
Path Shown by The Blessed,Noble,Awakened One-The Tathagata permeates…
this very body with the rapture and pleasure born of withdrawal. There
is nothing of his entire body unpervaded by rapture and pleasure born
from withdrawal.

“This is a fruit of the contemplative life, visible here and now, more excellent than the previous ones and more sublime.

“Furthermore, with the stilling of directed thoughts &
evaluations, he enters and remains in the second jhana: rapture and
pleasure born of composure, unification of awareness free from directed
thought and evaluation — internal assurance. He permeates and pervades,
suffuses and fills this very body with the rapture and pleasure born of
Just like a lake
with spring-water welling up from within, having no inflow from the
east, west, north, or south, and with the skies supplying abundant
showers time and again, so that the cool fount of water welling up from
within the lake would permeate and pervade, suffuse and fill it with
cool waters, there being no part of the lake unpervaded by the cool
waters; even so, the True Follower of The Path Shown by The
Blessed,Noble,Awakened One-The Tathagata  permeates… this very body with
the rapture and pleasure born of composure. There is nothing of his
entire body unpervaded by rapture and pleasure born of composure.

Carlson Lake

“This, too, is a fruit of the contemplative life, visible here and now, more excellent than the previous ones and more sublime.

“And furthermore, with the fading of rapture, he remains in
equanimity, is mindful & alert, and senses pleasure with the body.
He enters & remains in the third jhana, of which the Noble Ones
declare, ‘Equanimous & mindful, he has a pleasurable abiding.’ He
permeates and pervades, suffuses and fills this very body with the
pleasure divested of rapture.
Just as in a lotus pond,
some of the lotuses, born and growing in the water, stay immersed in
the water and flourish without standing up out of the water, so that
they are permeated and pervaded, suffused and filled with cool water
from their roots to their tips, and nothing of those lotuses would be
unpervaded with cool water; even so, the monk permeates… this very body
with the pleasure divested of rapture. There is nothing of his entire
body unpervaded with pleasure divested of rapture.

“This, too, is a fruit of the contemplative life, visible here and now, more excellent than the previous ones and more sublime.

“And furthermore, with the abandoning of pleasure and stress
— as with the earlier disappearance of elation and distress — he enters
and remains in the fourth jhana: purity of equanimity and mindfulness,
neither-pleasure nor stress. He sits, permeating the body with a pure,
bright awareness.
Just as if a man
were sitting covered from head to foot with a white cloth so that there
would be no part of his body to which the white cloth did not extend;
even so, the True Follower of The Path Shown by The
Blessed,Noble,Awakened One-The Tathagata  sits, permeating the body with
a pure, bright awareness. There is nothing of his entire body
unpervaded by pure, bright awareness.

Voice of the Aboriginal Awakened Voice (VoAAA)

Meaning of Scheduled Caste

We know the meaning of caste but what is the meaning of “Schedule”?

In 1931, the then Census Commissioner Mr. J. H. Hutton for the first
time conducted census of all the untouchable castes in India and
declared that there are 1108 untouchable castes in India and all these
castes are outside the fold of Hindu religion. Therefore, they were also
called as outcastes.

The then Prime Minister Ramsey McDonald observed that like Hindus,
Muslims, Sikhs and Anglo-Indians outcastes are an independent class and
all these castes were not included in the Hindu religion. Therefore, a
list (”schedule”) was prepared and the castes included in this list
(”schedule”) are called as scheduled castes.

Based on this, scheduled castes were given some rights according to
the ‘Scheduled Caste Ordinance 1935’. On this basis Govt of India
promulgated ‘Scheduled Caste Ordinance 1936’ and facility of reservation
was given. Further, modifying the ordinance of 1936, Scheduled Caste
Ordinance 1950 was passed and provision of reservation was made.

From this it can be concluded the history of the origin of
nomenclature of the scheduled caste tells that in the Indian
subcontinent there were untouchables, outcastes or the castes outside
the Hindu religion before the census of 1931. A list (“schedule”) of
these outcastes was prepared.

On the basis of this “schedule” of the castes Babasaheb Dr. B. R.
Ambedkar fought against Britishers, opposing Brahmins, and was
successful in securing human rights for us (scheduled castes)
This is the meaning of Scheduled Castes. Then we must understand that
since then scheduled castes means untouchables, outcastes or the castes
outside the fold of Hindu religion, means those castes which were not
Hindu. They were called “Atishudras”, independent of Hindu religion
undeclared fifth Varna in the Varna System.

Scheduled caste is our constitutional identity. Whatever benefits
are we enjoying today are in the name of scheduled caste and not in the
name of Dalit, Vankar, Chamar or Walmiki.

Despite knowing the history of the origin of “scheduled caste” we
are still clinging to Hindu religion. If you are still clinging to Hindu
religion you are morally insulting Babasaheb’s Constitution. Always
keep in mind that scheduled caste means only and only those people who
are not Hindus but the victims due to the Hindu social order! Should you
wish to continue as a Hindu, under the brahmin regime, you should give
up scheduled caste identity and Dr. Ambedkar, it is up to the Brahmins
if they accept you into their religion and what caste they give you!
(Through Dushant Khobragade)

பட்டியல் சாதியின் பொருள்

சாதியின் பொருள் எங்களுக்குத் தெரியும், ஆனால் “அட்டவணை” என்பதன் பொருள் என்ன?

1931 ஆம் ஆண்டில், அப்போதைய மக்கள் தொகை கணக்கெடுப்பு ஆணையர் திரு. ஜே.
எச். ஹட்டன் முதன்முறையாக இந்தியாவில் தீண்டத்தகாத அனைத்து
சாதியினருக்கும் மக்கள் தொகை கணக்கெடுப்பை நடத்தி, இந்தியாவில் 1108
தீண்டத்தகாத சாதிகள் இருப்பதாக அறிவித்தார், இந்த சாதிகள் அனைத்தும் இந்து
மதத்தின் எல்லைக்கு வெளியே உள்ளன. எனவே, அவர்கள் வெளிநாட்டவர்கள் என்றும்

அப்போதைய பிரதமர் ராம்சே மெக்டொனால்ட் இந்துக்களைப் போலவே,
முஸ்லிம்களும், சீக்கியர்களும், ஆங்கிலோ-இந்தியர்களும்
வெளியேற்றப்பட்டவர்கள் ஒரு சுயாதீன வர்க்கம் என்றும் இந்த சாதிகள்
அனைத்தும் இந்து மதத்தில் சேர்க்கப்படவில்லை என்றும் அவதானித்தார். எனவே,
ஒரு பட்டியல் (”அட்டவணை”) தயாரிக்கப்பட்டு, இந்த பட்டியலில் சேர்க்கப்பட்ட
சாதிகள் (”அட்டவணை”) திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதிகள் என்று அழைக்கப்படுகின்றன.

இதன் அடிப்படையில், பட்டியலிடப்பட்ட சாதியினருக்கு ‘பட்டியல் சாதி
கட்டளை 1935’ படி சில உரிமைகள் வழங்கப்பட்டன. இதன் அடிப்படையில் இந்திய
அரசு ‘பட்டியல் சாதி கட்டளை 1936’ அறிவித்து இட ஒதுக்கீடு வசதி
வழங்கப்பட்டது. மேலும், 1936 ஆம் ஆண்டின் கட்டளை மாற்றியமைத்தல், பட்டியல்
சாதி கட்டளை 1950 நிறைவேற்றப்பட்டது மற்றும் இட ஒதுக்கீடு வழங்கப்பட்டது.

இதிலிருந்து முடிவுக்கு வரலாம், பட்டியலிடப்பட்ட சாதியின் பெயரிடலின்
வரலாறு இந்திய துணைக் கண்டத்தில் 1931 ஆம் ஆண்டு மக்கள் தொகை
கணக்கெடுப்புக்கு முன்னர் தீண்டத்தகாதவர்கள், வெளியேற்றப்பட்டவர்கள் அல்லது
சாதிகள் இந்து மதத்திற்கு வெளியே இருந்தன என்று கூறுகிறது. இவற்றின்
பட்டியல் (“அட்டவணை”) வெளிச்சங்கள் தயாரிக்கப்பட்டன.

சாதிகளின் இந்த “கால அட்டவணையின்” அடிப்படையில், பாபாசாகேப் டாக்டர்
பி. ஆர். அம்பேத்கர் பிரித்தானியர்களுக்கு எதிராக போராடினார், பிராமணர்களை
எதிர்த்தார், மேலும் எங்களுக்கு (திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதிகள்) மனித உரிமைகளைப்
பாதுகாப்பதில் வெற்றி பெற்றார்
இது பட்டியல் சாதியினரின் பொருள். அப்போதிருந்து திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதிகள்
என்பது தீண்டத்தகாதவர்கள், வெளியேற்றப்பட்டவர்கள் அல்லது இந்து மதத்தின்
மடிக்கு வெளியே உள்ள சாதிகள் என்று பொருள், நாம் இந்து அல்லாத சாதிகள்
என்று பொருள். அவர்கள் “அதிஷுத்ராக்கள்” என்று அழைக்கப்பட்டனர், இந்து
மதத்திலிருந்து சுயாதீனமானவர்கள் வர்ண அமைப்பில் ஐந்தாவது வர்ணாவை

பட்டியல் சாதி என்பது நமது அரசியலமைப்பு அடையாளமாகும். இன்று நாம் என்ன
நன்மைகளை அனுபவித்து வருகிறோம் என்பது திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதியின் பெயரில்
தான், தலித், வான்கர், சாமர் அல்லது வால்மீகி பெயரில் அல்ல.

“திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதியின்” தோற்றத்தின் வரலாற்றை அறிந்திருந்தாலும்,
நாங்கள் இன்னும் இந்து மதத்துடன் ஒட்டிக்கொண்டிருக்கிறோம். நீங்கள் இன்னும்
இந்து மதத்துடன் ஒட்டிக்கொண்டிருந்தால், நீங்கள் பாபாசாகேப்பின்
அரசியலமைப்பை தார்மீக ரீதியாக அவமதிக்கிறீர்கள். திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதி
என்பது இந்துக்கள் அல்ல, ஆனால் இந்து சமூக ஒழுங்கின் காரணமாக
பாதிக்கப்பட்டவர்கள் மட்டுமே என்பதை எப்போதும் நினைவில் கொள்ளுங்கள்!
நீங்கள் ஒரு இந்துவாக தொடர விரும்பினால், பிராமண ஆட்சியின் கீழ், நீங்கள்
திட்டமிடப்பட்ட சாதி அடையாளத்தையும், டாக்டர் அம்பேத்கரையும் விட்டுவிட
வேண்டும், அவர்கள் உங்களை தங்கள் மதத்தில் ஏற்றுக்கொண்டால், அவர்கள்
உங்களுக்கு என்ன சாதியை தருகிறார்கள் என்பது பிராமணர்களிடமே! (துஷாந்த்
கோப்ரகேட் மூலம)

தரித்ர நாராயணன் என்றும் அழைக்கலாம்

I am a senior citizen of my great country INDIA, where it is a
tradition and culture to respect and regard the elders and definitely to
the senior citizens.

Recently I purchased a train ticket. The applicable concession was given
on the cost of train ticket. To my dismay, I noticed a remark on the
ticket : ‘’ Are you aware that 43% of your fare is borne by the common
citizens of the country?”

This is like giving a gift and then kicking by shoe on the face of the
senior citizens.

I suggest Government of India to withdraw this gift, we will not mind.
But will the govt give a bill to all those privileged persons who dine
in the Parliament canteen with a bold print ” Are you aware that the
subsidy amount of your food is borne by the common citizens of the
country”? Also will the government please write to all MPs and MLAs and
other government officials, while giving them free passes for travelling
by train and aeroplane that the traveling cost is borne by the common
citizens of the country? Will the government consider writing the same
to all the above privileged citizens to whom so many subsidies are given
in their walk of life? Will the government write to all ex-MPs, MLAs,
Ministers etc the same Remark while paying them pension? There are so
many issues.

However I am sure no body will post his opinion, neither the government
will consider it fit to address this. This is the result of 1000 yrs of
slavery in our own country.

If you agree to this please post to your group so that it spread all
over India.

Murderer of democratic institutions & Master of diluting
institutions (Modi) his Brashtachar Jhoothe Psychopaths ( BJP) remotely
controlled by just 0.1% intolerant, violent, militant, number one
terrorists of the world, ever shooting, mob lynching, lunatic, mentally
retarded full of hatred, anger, jealousy, delusion, stupid, that are
defilement of mind requiring mental treatment at mental asylums for the
foreigners from Bene Israel chitpavan brahmins must be forced to quit
Prabuddha Bharat through ballot papers as they gobbled the Master Key by
tampering the Fraud EVMs. 99.9% All Awakened Aboriginal societies must
unitedly achieve this.

Japanese gave mobile to the world but not for their children c how they
are training them ,, that’s why they are no 1 in all

Any one can attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal !
Just Do Good and Be Mindful !
Be calm, quiet, alert, attentive and have an equanimity mind with a
clear understanding that everything is changing !

I do not wish to be hurt or killed by others.
So I will train my mind not to hurt or kill any living beings.
But I will be kind and compassionate to others !

I do not want others to steal my things.
So I will train my mind not to take what is not given to me.
But I will give to others !

I do not like others to tell lies to me.
So I will train my mind not tell lies.
But I will train my mind to always tell the truth !

I do not wish others to take my wife/husband by others.
So I will train my mind not to indulge in sexual misconduct.
But I will train my mind to practice brotherhood !

I will train my mind not to consume intoxicating drinks or drugs. For I
may violate all the above precepts.
To live a courageous life !

Upper castes ask us why don’t we include them in the party but I tell
them that you are leading all the other parties. If you join our party
you will prevent change. I am scared to take upper castes in the party.
They try to maintain status quo and always try to seize leadership. This
will thwart the process of changing the system.

Till the time there is caste I’ll use it for the benefit of my
community. If you have a problem, end caste system.

Where Brahminism is a success, no other ‘ism’ can succeed, we need
fundamental, structural, social changes.

For long we’ve been knocking at the doors of the system, asking for
justice & getting nothing, it’s time to break down those doors.

We will not stop until we unite the victims of the system and overthrow
the spirit of inequality in our country.

I place Gandhi in the category of Shankaracharya & Manu (of Manu
Smriti) that he cleverly managed to keep 52% OBCs at the edge.
A community that doesn’t have representation in the political power,
that community is dead.

We don’t want social justice, we want social transformation. Social
justice depends on the person in the power. Suppose at one time, some
good leader comes to power and people get social justice and are happy
but when a bad leader comes to power it turns into injustice again. So,
we want whole social transformation.

Till the time we won’t be successful in politics and not able to have
power in our hands, the social and economic transformation is not
possible. Political power is the key to success.

To get the power, there is a need of mass movement, converting that mass
movement into votes, then converting votes into seats, further
converting the seats into [power at] states, and lastly converting the
[power at] states into [power at] center. This is the mission and aim
for us.

The Chitpavan community includes two major politicians in the Gandhian
tradition: Gopal Krishna Gokhale,whom Gandhi acknowledged as a preceptor, and Vinoba Bhave, one of his
outstanding disciples. Gandhi describes Bhave as the “jewel of his
disciples”, and recognised Gokhale as his political guru. However,
strong opposition to Gandhi came from the Chitpavan community. Vinayak
Damodar Savarkar, the founder of the political ideology hindutva,
was a chitpavan brahmin and several other chitpavans were among the
first to embrace it because they thought it was a logical extension of
the legacy of the Peshwas and caste-fellow Tilak.

These Chitpavans felt out of place with the Indian social reform
movement of Phule and the mass politics of Gandhi. Large numbers of the
community looked to Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha and finally the RSS. ,
drew their inspiration from fringe groups in this reactionary trend.The
upper castes, that is, Marathi Brahmins, Saraswat Brahmins and Prabhus
(CKPs and Pathare Prabhus)

were only about 4% of the population in Maharashtra. A majority of this
4% were Brahmins. As per the 1901 census, about 5% of the Pune
population was Brahmin and about 27% of them were Chitpawans.

Anti-Brahmin violence in the 20th century after Gandhi’s assassination…/

America enlisted RSS in one of the Biggest Terrorist Organisation in the

New Delhi: A US-based risk management and consulting company has put the
Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) in its category of ‘Threat Group’ and
called it “a shadowy, discriminatory group that seeks to establish a
Hindu Rashtra, a Hindu Nation.”

Terrorism Watch & Warning provides
intelligence, research, analysis, watch and warning on international
terrorism and domestic terrorism related issues; and is operated by OODA
Group LLC that helps clients identify, manage, and respond to global
risks and uncertainties while exploring emerging opportunities and
developing robust and adaptive strategies for the future.

Although the company had included RSS in its ‘Threat Group’ in April
2014, the post seems to have been modified after the BJP led government
assumed power at the Centre. Apart from the RSS, Terrorism Watch has
also put Naxalites, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) and Students’ Islamic
Movement of India (SIMI) among others in the category of ‘Threat

The websites describes:
“The RSS is a shadowy, discriminatory group that seeks to establish a
Hindu Rashtra, a Hindu Nation. The group is considered the radical
ideological parent group of India’s ruling Hindu nationalist party – the
Indian Peoples Party (BJP).”

“The RSS is a Hindu nationalist movement, a right wing group that was
founded in 1925. Their philosophy, called Hindutva, was termed fascist
by Communists, and their main demand of the central government was that
it stop appeasing Muslims,” the description continues, adding, “Hindutva
has been translated to mean variously: Hindu pride, patriotism,
fundamentalism, revivalism, chauvinism, or fascism. The group
self-justifies by ‘asserting the natural rights’.”

In its ‘Intel analysis,’ it further adds, “The RSS was banned in 1948
following the assassination of Mahatma Gandhi
by an ex-RSS member, Nathuram Godse. The ban was lifted the following
year. Since then, the group has gained popularity. It later began the
Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), widely considered the political arm of the
RSS, which now heads the central government of India.”

All Awakened aboriginal societies including Sarvajan Samaj must insist
on paper ballots instead of the fraud EVMs and force the foreigners from
Bene Israel chitpavan brahmins and their stooges to quit Prabuddha
Bharat and return back to their original religion Buddhism as desired by
Dr BR Ambedkar, Manyavar Kanshiram Ji and Mayawati Ji.

Chitpavan Brahmin or Kokanastha Brahmin (i.e., “Brahmins native to the
Konkan”) is a Hindu Maharashtrian Brahmin community inhabiting Konkan,
the coastal region of the state of Maharashtra in India. The community
came into prominence during the 18th century when the heirs of Peshwa
from the Bhat…

Benefits of walking bare foot

in 01) Classical Magahi Magadhi,
02) Classical Chandaso language,
03)Magadhi Prakrit,
04) Classical Hela Basa (Hela Language),
05) Classical Pali,
06) Classical Devanagari,Classical Hindi-Devanagari- शास्त्रीय हिंदी,

07) Classical Cyrillic
08) Classical Afrikaans– Klassieke Afrikaans
09) Classical Albanian-Shqiptare klasike,
10) Classical Amharic-አንጋፋዊ አማርኛ,
11) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى
12) Classical Armenian-դասական հայերեն,
13) Classical Azerbaijani- Klassik Azərbaycan,
14) Classical Basque- Euskal klasikoa,
15) Classical Belarusian-Класічная беларуская,
16) Classical Bengali-ক্লাসিক্যাল বাংলা,
17) Classical  Bosnian-Klasični bosanski,
18) Classical Bulgaria- Класически българск,
19) Classical  Catalan-Català clàssic
20) Classical Cebuano-Klase sa Sugbo,

21) Classical Chichewa-Chikale cha Chichewa,

22) Classical Chinese (Simplified)-古典中文(简体),

23) Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體),

24) Classical Corsican-Corsa Corsicana,

25) Classical  Croatian-Klasična hrvatska,

26) Classical  Czech-Klasická čeština,
27) Classical  Danish-Klassisk dansk,Klassisk dansk,

28) Classical  Dutch- Klassiek Nederlands,
29) Classical English,Roman
30) Classical Esperanto-Klasika Esperanto,

31) Classical Estonian- klassikaline eesti keel,

32) Classical Filipino,
33) Classical Finnish- Klassinen suomalainen,

34) Classical French- Français classique,

35) Classical Frisian- Klassike Frysk,

36) Classical Galician-Clásico galego,
37) Classical Georgian-კლასიკური ქართული,

38) Classical German- Klassisches Deutsch,
39) Classical Greek-Κλασσικά Ελληνικά,
40) Classical Gujarati-ક્લાસિકલ ગુજરાતી,
41) Classical Haitian Creole-Klasik kreyòl,

42) Classical Hausa-Hausa Hausa,
43) Classical Hawaiian-Hawaiian Hawaiian,

44) Classical Hebrew- עברית קלאסית
45) Classical Hmong- Lus Hmoob,

46) Classical Hungarian-Klasszikus magyar,

47) Classical Icelandic-Klassísk íslensku,
48) Classical Igbo,

49) Classical Indonesian-Bahasa Indonesia Klasik,

50) Classical Irish-Indinéisis Clasaiceach,
51) Classical Italian-Italiano classico,
52) Classical Japanese-古典的なイタリア語,
53) Classical Javanese-Klasik Jawa,
54) Classical Kannada- ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರೀಯ ಕನ್ನಡ,
55) Classical Kazakh-Классикалық қазақ,

56) Classical Khmer- ខ្មែរបុរាណ,
57) Classical Korean-고전 한국어,

58) Classical Kurdish (Kurmanji)-Kurdî (Kurmancî),

59) Classical Kyrgyz-Классикалык Кыргыз,
60) Classical Lao-ຄລາສສິກລາວ,
61) Classical Latin-LXII) Classical Latin,

62) Classical Latvian-Klasiskā latviešu valoda,

63) Classical Lithuanian-Klasikinė lietuvių kalba,

64) Classical Luxembourgish-Klassesch Lëtzebuergesch,

65) Classical Macedonian-Класичен македонски,
66) Classical Malagasy,
67) Classical Malay-Melayu Klasik,

68) Classical Malayalam-ക്ലാസിക്കൽ മലയാളം,

69) Classical Maltese-Klassiku Malti,
70) Classical Maori-Maori Maori,
71) Classical Marathi-क्लासिकल माओरी,

72) Classical Mongolian-Сонгодог Монгол,

73) Classical Myanmar (Burmese)-Classical မြန်မာ (ဗမာ),

74) Classical Nepali-शास्त्रीय म्यांमार (बर्मा),
75) Classical Norwegian-Klassisk norsk,

76) Classical Pashto- ټولګی پښتو

77) Classical Persian-کلاسیک فارسی
78) Classical Polish-Język klasyczny polski,

79) Classical Portuguese-Português Clássico,
80) Classical Punjabi-ਕਲਾਸੀਕਲ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ,
81) Classical Romanian-Clasic românesc,
82) Classical Russian-Классический русский,
83) Classical Samoan-Samoan Samoa,
84) Classical Sanskrit,टिपितक-Bउद्ध Vअचन - Bउद्ध’स् ओwन् wओर्द्स् इन् षन्स्क्रित्

85) Classical Scots Gaelic-Gàidhlig Albannach Clasaigeach,

86) Classical Serbian-Класични српски,
 87)  Classical Sesotho-Seserbia ea boholo-holo,
88) Classical Shona-Shona Shona,
89)  Classical Sindhi,
90) Classical Sinhala-සම්භාව්ය සිංහල,
91)  Classical Slovak-Klasický slovenský,
92) Classical Slovenian-Klasična slovenska,
93) Classical Somali-Soomaali qowmiyadeed,
94) Classical Spanish-Español clásico,
 95) Classical Sundanese-Sunda Klasik,
96) Classical Swahili,
97) Classical Swedish-Klassisk svensk,
98) Classical Tajik-тоҷикӣ классикӣ,
99) Classical Tamil-பாரம்பரிய இசைத்தமிழ் செம்மொழி,

 100) Classical Telugu- క్లాసికల్ తెలుగు,
101) Classical Thai-ภาษาไทยคลาสสิก,
102) Classical Turkish-Klasik Türk,
103) Classical Ukrainian-Класичний український,
104)  Classical Urdu- کلاسیکی اردو
105) Classical Uzbek-Klassik o’zbek,
106) Classical Vietnamese-Tiếng Việt cổ điển,

107) Classical Welsh-Cymraeg Clasurol,
108) Classical Xhosa-IsiXhosa zesiXhosa,

109) Classical Yiddish- קלאסישע ייִדיש

110) Classical Yoruba-Yoruba Yoruba,
111) Classical Zulu-I-Classical Zulu

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Awakeness Practices

All 84,000 Khandas As Found in the Pali Suttas

Traditionally the are 84,000 Dharma Doors - 84,000 ways to get
Awakeness. Maybe so; certainly the Buddha taught a large number of
practices that lead to Awakeness. This web page attempts to catalogue
those found in the Pali Suttas (DN, MN, SN, AN, Ud & Sn 1). There
are 3 sections:

The discourses of Buddha are divided into 84,000, as to separate
addresses. The division includes all that was spoken by Buddha.”I
received from Buddha,” said Ananda, “82,000 Khandas, and  from the
priests 2000; these are 84,000 Khandas maintained by me.” They are
divided into 275,250, as to the stanzas of the original text, and into
361,550, as to the stanzas of the commentary. All the discourses
including both those of
Buddha and those of the commentator, are divided  into 2,547 banawaras,
containing 737,000 stanzas, and 29,368,000 separate letters.


Positive Buddha Vacana — The words of the Buddha —

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 Maha-parinibbana Sutta — Last Days of the Buddha

The Great Discourse on the Total Unbinding

wide-ranging sutta, the longest one in the Pali canon, describes the
events leading up to, during, and immediately following the death and
final release (parinibbana) of the Buddha. This colorful narrative
contains a wealth of Dhamma teachings, including the Buddha’s final
instructions that defined how Buddhism would be lived and practiced long
after the Buddha’s death — even to this day. But this sutta also
depicts, in simple language, the poignant human drama that unfolds among
the Buddha’s many devoted followers around the time of the death of
their beloved teacher.
Mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ (Pali) - 2 Kāyānupassanā ānāpānapabbaṃ


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LESSON 3073 Sat 27 Jul 2019 KUSHINARA WHITE PAGODA Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice University 
 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES including Classical Sanskrit. From at 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore, Karnataka State, India for teaching Meditation in Buddha’s own words. Also to create the entire teachings of the Buddha in the latest 7D laser Hologram format for the welfare, happiness, peace to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal. WhatsApp 9449260443 SMS 9449835875 Email: Teachings of Buddha The Buddha’s last days are described in the Pali text called the Great Parinibbana Sutta (Parinibbana meaning “completed nibbana”). Just born baby when kept isolated, after few days it will speak a natural human language called Prakrit/Maghad. So all the 7,111 languages are classical. Namibia
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LESSON 3073 Sat  27 Jul 2019


Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Law Research & Practice
 112 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES including Classical Sanskrit.
at 668, 5A Main Road, 8th Cross HAL 3rd Stage, Bangalore,
Karnataka State, India for teaching Meditation in Buddha’s own words.
Also to create the entire teachings of the Buddha in the latest 7D laser
Hologram format for the welfare, happiness, peace to attain Eternal
Bliss as Final Goal.
WhatsApp 9449260443
SMS 9449835875

Teachings of Buddha

The Buddha’s last days are described in the Pali text called the Great
Parinibbana Sutta (Parinibbana meaning “completed nibbana”).

Just born baby when kept isolated, after few days it will speak a
natural human language called Prakrit/Maghad. So all the 7,111 languages
are classical.


Classical English,Roman 7% (official),

Classical Afrikaans is common language of most of
the population and of about 60% of the white population,

Classical German- Klassisches Deutsch, 32%;
Classical indigenous languages:
Classical Oshivambo, Classical Herero, Nama


Classical Nauruan (official),

Classical English,Roman


Classical Nepali-शास्त्रीय म्यांमार (बर्मा), 48% (official),

Classical Maithali 12%, Classical Bhojpuri 7%, Classical Tharu 6%, Classical Tamang
5%, others.

Classical English,Roman  spoken by many in government and business (2001)


Classical  Dutch- Klassiek Nederlands,

Classical Frisian- Klassike Frysk, (both official)

New Zealand

Classical English,Roman,

Classical Maori-Maori Maori (both official)


Classical Spanish-Español clásico, 98% (official);

Classical English Roman, and Classical indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)


Classical French- Français classique, (official),

Classical Hausa-Hausa Hausa,


English (official),

Classical Hausa-Hausa Hausa,

Classical Yoruba-Yoruba Yoruba,

Classical Ibo, Classical Fulani, and more than 200 others


Classical Bokmål Classical Norwegian-Klassisk norsk,,

Classical Nynorsk Classical Norwegian-Klassisk norsk, (both official);

Classical small Sami-

Classical Finnish- Klassinen suomalainen,-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)


Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى (official),

Classical English Roman,

Classical Baluchi,

Classical Urdu- کلاسیکی اردو

Classical Indian dialects


Classical Urdu- کلاسیکی اردو


Classical English Roman, (both official);

Classical Punjabi-ਕਲਾਸੀਕਲ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ 48%,

Classical Sindhi12%,

Siraiki (a
Classical Punjabi-ਕਲਾਸੀਕਲ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ variant) 10%,

Classical Pashto- ټولګی پښتو


Classical Balochi 3%, Classical Hindko 2%,
Classical Brahui 1%, Classical Burushaski, and others 8%

Palau Classical Palauan 64.7%,

Classical English Roman 9.4%, Classical Sonsoralese,Classical Tobi, Classical Angaur (each
official on some islands),

Classical Filipino, 13.5%,

Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體) 5.7%, Classical Carolinian

Classical Japanese-古典的なイタリア語, 1.5%, other Classical Asian 2.3%, other languages 1.5% (2000)


State (proposed) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى ,

Classical Hebrew- עברית קלאסית

Classical English Roman


Classical Spanish-Español clásico, (official),

Classical English Roman 14%, many bilingual

Papua New Guinea

Classical Tok Pisin (Classical Melanesian Pidgin, the lingua franca),

Classical Hiri
Motu (in Papua region),

Classical English Roman 1%–2%; 715 iClassical ndigenous languages


Classical Spanish-Español clásico,

Classical Guaraní (both official)


Classical Spanish-Español clásico,

Classical Quéchua (both official); Classical Aymara; many minor Classical Amazonian languages


Filipino (based on Classical Tagalog),

Classical English Roman (both official); eight
major dialects:Classical Tagalog,

Classical Cebuano-Klase sa Sugbo,
Classical Ilocano, Classical Hiligaynon or Classical Ilonggo,Classical Bicol, Classical
Waray, Classical  Pampango, and Classical  Pangasinense


Classical Polish-Język klasyczny polski 98% (2002)


Classical Portuguese-Português Clássico, (official), Classical Mirandese (official, but locally used)


Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى(official);

Classical English Roman a common second language


Classical Romanian-Clasic românesc, (official),

Classical Hungarian-Klasszikus magyar,

Classical German- Klassisches Deutsch,


Classical Russian-Классический русский, others


Classical Kinyarwanda,

Classical French- Français classique, and

Classical English Roman (all official);

Classical Swahili,Kiswahili in commercial centers

St. Kitts and Nevis Classical English Roman

St. Lucia

Classical English Roman (official),

Classical French- Français classique, patois

St. Vincent and the Grenadines

Classical English Roman ,

Classical French- Français classique, patois


Classical Samoan-Samoan Samoa,

Classical English Roman

San Marino

Classical Italian-Italiano classico,

São Tomé and Príncipe

Classical Portuguese-Português Clássico, (official)

Saudi Arabia

Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى

Classical French- Français classique, (official);
Classical Wolof,Classical Pulaar, Classical Jola, Classical Mandinka

Classical Serbian-Класични српски,(official);
Classical Romanian-Clasic românesc,
Classical Hungarian-Klasszikus magyar,
Classical Slovak-Klasický slovenský,, and
Classical  Croatian-Klasična hrvatska,(all official in Classical Vojvodina);
Classical Albanian-Shqiptare klasike, (official in Kosovo)

Seychelles Seselwa
Classical Haitian Creole-Klasik kreyòl, 92%,

Classical English Roman , 5%

Classical French- Français classique(all official) (2002)

Sierra Leone

Classical English Roman  (official), Classical Mende (southern vernacular), ClassicalTemne (northern vernacular), Classical Krio (lingua franca)


Classical Mandarin 35%,

Classical English Roman 23%,

Classical Malay-Melayu Klasik 14.1%, 

Classical Hokkien 11.4%,
Classical Cantonese 5.7%, Classical Teochew 4.9%,
Classical Tamil-பாரம்பரிய இசைத்தமிழ் செம்மொழி 3.2%, other
Classical Chinese (Traditional)-古典中文(繁體) dialects 1.8%,
other 0.9% (2000)

Classical Slovak-Klasický slovenský 84% (official),
Classical Hungarian-Klasszikus magyar, 11%,
Classical Roma 2%,
Classical Ukrainian-Класичний український, 1% (2001)


Classical Slovenian-Klasična slovenska, 91%,

Classical Serbian-Класични српски Serbo-Classical  Croatian-Klasična hrvatska, 5% (2002)

Solomon Islands

Classical English Roman 1%–2% (official),

Classical Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 Classical indigenous languages


Classical Somali-Soomaali qowmiyadeed, (official),

Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى

Classical English Roman

Classical Italian-Italiano classico,

South Africa

IsiClassical Zulu-I-Classical Zulu 23.8%,

IsiClassical Xhosa-IsiXhosa zesiXhosa, 17.6%,

Classical Afrikaans 13.3%, Classical Sepedi

Classical English Roman 8.2%,

Classical Setswana 8.2%,

Classical Sesotho-Seserbia ea boholo-holo7.9%, Classical Xitsonga 4.4%, other

South Sudan

Classical English Roman (official),

Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى (includes Classical Juba and Classical Sundanese-Sunda Klasik variants) (official),

Classical regional languages include Classical Dinka,Classical Nuer, Bari,Classical
Zande,Classical Shilluk

Spain Castilian

Classical Spanish-Español clásico,74% (official nationwide);

Classical  Catalan-Català clàssic 17%,

Classical Galician-Clásico galego, 7%,

Classical Basque- Euskal klasikoa 2% (each official regionally)

Sri Lanka

Classical Sinhala-සම්භාව්ය සිංහල 74% (official and national),

Classical Tamil-பாரம்பரிய இசைத்தமிழ் செம்மொழி 18% (national),
other 8%;

Classical English Roman is commonly used in government and spoken competently
by about 10%


Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى  (official),

Classical Nubian,Classical Ta Bedawie, Classical diverse dialects of Classical Nilotic,Classical Nilo-Hamitic,

Classical Sundanese-Sunda Klasik Sudanic languages,

Classical English Roman


Dutch (official),

Classical Surinamese (lingua franca),

English widely spoken, Hindustani, Javanese


Classical English Roman,

Classical siSwati (both official)


Classical Swedish-Klassisk svensk,

small Sami- and

Classical Finnish- Klassinen suomalainen,-speaking minorities


Classical German- Klassisches Deutsch, 64%,

Classical French- Français classique 20%,

Classical Italian-Italiano classico 7% (all official);

Classical Romansch 0.5% (national)


Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى  (official);

Classical Kurdish (Kurmanji)-Kurdî (Kurmancî),

Classical Armenian-դասական հայերեն,

Classical Aramaic,Classical Circassian widely understood;

Classical French- Français classique

Classical English Roman,somewhat understood

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