KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL
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LESSON 3230 Thu 2 Jan 2020 Free Online NIBBANA TRAINING from KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN PEACE and ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL Buddhist Doctrines - What is Nibbana? - The Roots of Nibbana First Thank everyone who made Smile You this year. Your are one of them!
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KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN PEACE and ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL

Buddhist Doctrines - What is Nibbana? - The Roots of Nibbana

First Thank everyone who made Smile You this year. Your are one of them!

Wish you all a very Happy New Year!

May you all be Very Happy, Well and Secure!

May you all LIVE Long!

May you all be Very Happy, Well and Secure!

May you all have calm, quiet, alert, attentive and an equanimity Mind with a clear understanding that everything is changing!

https://www.meditation2.net/…/Bo…/Ajahn_Brahm_The_Jhanas.htm
https://www.ffmt.fr/articl…/anapanasati/jhanas/ab.jhanas.pdf

THE JHANAS
PART THREE
The Landmarks of All Jhana
No thought, no decision-making, no perception of time. From the moment of entering a jhana, one will have no control. One will be unable to give orders as one normally does. The very idea of “what should I do next” cannot even come up. When the “will” that is controlling vanishes away, then the “I will” that fashions one’s concept of future also disappears. The concept of time ceases in Jhana. Within a Jhana, one cannot decide what to do next. One cannot even decide when to comeout. It is this absolute absence of will and its offspring, time, that give the jhanas the feature of timeless stability and that lead to jhana states persisting, sometimes for many blissful hours

Non-Dual Consciousness. Because of the perfect one-pointedness,because attention is so fixed, one loses the faculty of perspective with in Jhana. Comprehension relies on the technique of comparison, relating this to that, here to there, now with then. In jhana, all that is perceived is non-dual bliss, unmoving, compelling, not giving any space for the arising of perspective. It is like that puzzle where one is shown a still photograph of a well-known object but from an unusual angle, and one has to guess what it is. It is very difficult to comprehend such an object when one is unable to turn to over, or move one’s head to look at it thisway and that. When perspective is removed, so is comprehension. Thus in jhana, not only is there no sense of time, but also there is no comprehension of what is going on! At the time, one will not even know what jhana one is in. All one knows is great bliss, unmoving,unchanging, for unknown lengths of time.

Awareness of Bliss that Doesn’t Move. Even though there is no comprehension within any jhana, due to the lack of perspective, one is certainly not on a trance. One’s mindfulness is hugely increased to a level of sharpness that is truly incredible. One is immensely aware.Only mindfulness doesn’t move. It is frozen. And the stillness of the super, superpower mindfulness, the perfect one-pointedness of awareness, makes the jhana experience completely different to anything one has known before. This is not unconsciousness. It is non-dual consciousness. All it can know is one thing, and that is timeless bliss that doesn’t move.

Afterwards, when one has emerged from jhana, such consummate one-pointedness of consciousness falls apart. With the weakening of one-pointedness, perspective re-emerges and the mind has the agility to move again. The mind has regained the space needed to compare and comprehend. Ordinary consciousness has returned.

Having just emerged from a jhana, it is usual practice to look back atwhat has happened and review the jhana experience. The jhanas are such powerful events that they leave an indelible record in one’s memorystore. In fact, one will never forget them as lone as one lives. Thus, they are easy to recall, with perfect retention of detail, after emerging. It is through such reviewing right after the event, that one comprehends the details of what happened in the jhana, and one knows which of the jhanas it was. Moreover, the data obtained from reviewing a jhana formsthe basis of insight that is Enlightenment itself.

The Five Senses are Fully Shut Off. Another strange quality that distinguishes jhana from all other experiences is that within jhana all the five senses are totally shut down. One cannot see, one cannot hear, one cannot smell, taste nor feel touch. One cannot hear the sound of the birds, nor a person coughing. Even if there were a thunderclap nearby,it wouldn’t be heard in a jhana. If someone tapped one on the shoulder,or picked one up and let one down, in jhana one cannot know this. The mod in jhana is so completely cut off from these five senses that they cannot break in.1

A lay disciple once told me how he had “fluked” a deep jhana while meditating at home. His wife thought he hade died and sent for an ambulance. He was rushed to hospital in a wail of loud sirens. In the emergency room, there was no heartbeat registered on the E.C.G., nor brain activity to be seen by the E.E.G. So the doctor on put defibrillators on his chest to re-activate his heart. Even though he was being bounced up and down on the hospital bed through the force of the electric shocks,he didn’t feel a thing! When he emerged fro the jhana in the emergency room, perfectly all right, he had no knowledge of how he had got there,nor of ambulances and sirens, nor of body-jerking defibrillators. All that long time that he was in jhana, he was fully aware, but only of bliss.This is an example of what is meant by the five senses shutting down within the experience of jhana.

Summary of the Landmarks of All Jhanas
It is helpful to know, then, that within a jhana:1.There is no possibility of thought;2.No decision making process is available3.There is no perception of time;4.Consciousness is non-dual, making comprehension inaccessible;5.Yes. One is very, very aware, but only of bliss that doesn’t move;6.The five senses are fully shot off, and only the sixth sense, mind, isin operation.These are the features of jhana. So during a deep meditation, if one wonders whether it is jhana or not, one can be certain it is not! No such thinking can exist within the stillness of jhana.

These features will only be recognized on emergence from a jhana, using reviewing mindfulness once the mind can move again.

THE FIRST JHANA

The “Wobble” (Vitakka and Vicára). All jhanas are states of unmoving bliss, almost. However, in the first jhana, there is some movement discernible. I call this movement the “wobble” of first jhana. One is aware of great bliss, so powerful it has subdued completely the part of the ego that wills and does. In jhana, one is on automatic pilot, as it were, with no sense if being in control. However, the bliss is so delicious that it can generate a small residue of attachment. The mind, not thedoer, instinctively grasps at the bliss. Because the bliss of first jhana is fuelled by letting go, such involuntary grasping weakens the bliss.Seeing the bliss weaken, the mind automatically lets go of its grasping and the bliss increases in power again. The mind then grasps again,then lets go again. Such subtle involuntary movement gives rise to the wobble of first jhana.

This process can be perceived in another way. As the bliss weakensbecause of the involuntary grasping, it seems as if the mindfulness moves a small distance away from the bliss. Then the mindfulness gets pulled back into the bliss as the mind automatically lets go. This back and forth movement close to the bliss, is a second way of describing the same first jhana wobble.

This wobble is, in fact, the pair of first jhana factors called vitakka andvicára. Vicára is the involuntary grasping of bliss vitakka is the automatic movement back into bliss. Some commentators explain the pair, vitakka and vicára as “initial thought” and “sustained thought.”While in other contexts this pair can refer to thought, in jhana they certainly mean something else. It is impossible that such a grossactivity as thinking can exist in such a refined state as jhana. Infact, thinking ceases a long time prior to jhana. In jhana, vitakka and vicára are both sub-verbal and so don’t qualify as thought. Vitakka is the sub-verbal movement of the mid back into bliss. Vicára is the sub-verbal movement of mind that holds onto the bliss. Outside of jhana,such movements of mind will often generate thought, and sometime seven speech. But in jhana, vitakka and vicára are too subtle to create any thought. All they are capable of doing is moving mindfulness back onto bliss, and holding mindfulness there. This movement is the wobble of the first jhana, represented as the pair of first jhana factors vitakka and vicára.

One-pointedness (Ekaggatha). The third factor of jhana is one-pointedness, Ekaggatha. One-pointedness describes the mindfulness that is so sharply focused on a minute area of existence. It is one-pointed in space because it only sees the point source of bliss, together with a small area surrounding the bliss caused by the first jhana wobble.It is one-pointed in time because it only perceives the present moment,so exclusively and precisely that all notion of time completely disappears.

And it is one-pointed in phenomena because it only knows the mental object of pitisukha, and is totally oblivious to the world of the five senses and one’s physical body.

Such one-pointedness is space produces the peculiar existence, only found in the jhana, of non-dual consciousness, as explained in detail in the previous section. Non-dual consciousness describes the jhanic state where one is fully aware but only of one thing, and from one angle, for timeless periods. Consciousness is so focused on the one thing that the faculty of comprehension is suspended a while. Only after the one-pointedness has dissipated, and one has emerged from the jhana, will one be able to recognize these features of first jhana and comprehend them all.

The one-consciousness in time produces the extraordinary stability of the first jhana, allowing it to last effortlessly for such a long period of time.The concept of time relies on measuring intervals: from past to present orfrom present to future of from past to future. When all that is perceived within the first jhana is the precise moment of now, then there is no room for measuring time. All intervals have closed. It is replaced with the perception of timelessness, unmoving.

One-pointedness of phenomena produces the exceptional occurrence of bliss upon bliss, unchanging throughout the duration of the jhana. This makes the first jhana such a restful abode. One-pointedness of phenomena accounts for the great stillness in jhana.

Thus, the one-pointedness of the first jhana is experienced as noon-duality of consciousness, timelessness and effortless stillness.

In academic terms, ekaggatha is a Pali compound meaning “one-peak-ness.” The middle term agga (Sanskrit Agra) refers to the peak of a mountain, the summit of an experience, or even the capital of a country(as in Agra, the old Mogul capital of India). Thus ekaggatha does not mean just “one-any old point-ness,” but it refers to a singleness of focuson something soaring and sublime. The single exalted summit that is the focus of ekaggatha in the first jhana is the supreme bliss of pitisukha.

Joy-happiness (pitisukha). Indeed the last two factors of the first jhanaare piti and sukha. Here, I will deal with them together since they are such a close-knit pair. In fact, they only separate out in the third jhana,where piti ceases leaving sukha widowed. Therefore, only after the third jhana can one know from experience what sukha is and what piti was.Here, it sufficient to explain the pair as one thing.

The last two factors of first jhana, called pitisukha, refer to the bliss that is the focus of attention, and which forms the central experience that isthe first jhana. Bliss is the dominant feature of the first jhana, so much so that it is the first thing that one recognizes when reviewing after thejhana. Indeed, mystic traditions other than Buddhism have been so overwhelmed by the sheer immensity, egoless-ness, stillness, ecstasy,ultimateness and pure out-of-this-worldliness, of the first jhana, that throughout history they have comprehended the experience, onreviewing, as “Union with God.”

However, the Buddha explained that this is but one form of supramundane bliss and there are other forms that are superior! In the Buddhist experience of the jhanas, one gets to know many levels of supramundane bliss. The first jhana is the first level. Even though after first jhana, one cannot conceive of an experience more blissful, there is much more!

These different levels of bliss each have a different “taste,” a different quality that sets them apart. These different qualities of bliss can be explained by the diverse cases of bliss. Just as heat generated by sunlight has a different quality to heat cased by a wood fire, which ahs adifferent “taste” to heat generated by a furnace, so bliss fuelled by different causes exhibits distinguishing features.

The distinguishing feature of the bliss of first jhana is that it is fueled by the complete absence of all five-sense activities. When the five sensessh it down, including all echoes of the five senses manifesting as thought,then one has left the world of the body and material things (kamaloka)and entered the world of pure mind (rupaloka). It is as if a huge burdenhas dropped away. Or, as Ajahn Chah used to describe it, it is like onehad been enduring a tight rope around one’s neck for as long as one can remember. So long, in fact, that one had become used to it and nolonger recognized the pain. Then some how the tension was suddenlyreleased and the rope removed. The bliss one would feel would be the result of a huge burden disappearing! In much the same way, the bliss of the first jhana is caused by the complete fading away of the “tightrope,” meaning all that one took to be the world. Such insight into thecause of the bliss of the first jhana is fundamental to understanding the Buddha’s Four Nobel Truths about suffering.

Summary of the First Jhana
In summary then, the first jhana is distinguished by the five factors, here compressed into three:
1+2.Vitakka – Vicára: experienced as the “wobble,” being the fine,subtle movement in and out of the bliss;
3.Ekaggatha: experienced as non-duality, timelessness and stillness;
4 +5Pitisukha experienced as a bliss surpassing anything in the material world, and fueled by the complete transcendence of that world to enter the world of pure mind.

THE SECOND JHANA

Subsiding of the “Wobble.” It was explained in the description of the first jhana that vitakka and vicára is the involuntary grasping of bliss,causing the mindfulness to move away. Vitakka is the automatic movement of the mind back onto bliss.

As the first jhana deepens, the wobble gets less and the bliss consolidates. One comes to a state where vicára is till holding on to thebliss with the most subtle of grasping, but this is not enough to causeany instability in the bliss. The bliss doesn’t decrease as a result ofvicára, nor does mindfulness seem to move away from the source. The bliss is so strong that vicára cannot disturb it. Although vicára is stilla ctive, there is no longer any vitakka, no movement of mind back ontothe source of bliss. The wobble has gone. This is a jhana state described in the suttas as without vitakka but with a small measure of vicára (e.g.DN 33.1.10.50, AN 8’s.63). It is so much closer to the second jhana than the first, that it is usually included within the second jhana.

As the bliss strengthens into immutable stability, there is no purpose for vicára to hold on any more. At this point, the mind becomes fully confident enough to let go absolutely. With this final letting go, born ofinner confidence in the stability of the bliss, vicára disappears and one enters the second jhana proper.

The first feature then of the second jhana described in the sutras is a-vitakka and a-vicára, meaning without vitakka and vicára. Inexperience, this means that there is no more wobble in the mind. The second feature is ajhattam sampasadanam, meaning “internal confidence.” In experience, this describes the full confidence on the stability of the bliss, which is the cause for vicára to cease.

Perfect One-Pointedness of Mind (cetaso ekadibbavam). The third feature of the second jhana is ekadibbavam, meaning perfect one-pointedness of mind. This absolutely perfect one-pointedness of mind is the salient feature in the experience of second jhana. When there is no longer any wobble, then the mind is like an unwavering rock,more immovable than a mountain, and harder than a diamond. Such perfection in unyielding stillness is incredible. The mind stays in the bliss without the slightest vibration. This is later recognized as the perfection of the quality called samadhi.

Samadhi is the faculty if sustained attention, and in the second jhana,this attention is sustained on the object without any movement at all.There is not even the finest oscillation. One is fixed, frozen solid, stuckwith “super-glue,” unable even to tremble. All stirrings of mind are gone.There is no greater stillness of mind than this. It is called perfect samadhi, and it remains as a feature not only of this second jhana, but in the higher jhanas as well.

The bliss born of samadhi (samadhijam pitisukham). It is this perfection of samadhi that gives the bliss of the second jhana it unique“flavor.” The burden that was present in the first jhana that has been abandoned in the second jhana is the affliction of movement. Everything stands perfectly still in the second jhana, even the knower. Such absolute stillness transcends the mental pain born of the mind moving,and it reveals the greater bliss fuelled by pure samadhi. In the suttas,the bliss of the second jhana is called the pitisukha born of samadhi (e.g.DN 9.11). Such bliss is even more pleasurable, hugely so, than the bliss resulting from transcending the world of the five senses! One could notanticipate such bliss. It is of a totally separate order. After experiencingthe second jhana, having realized two rare “species” of supramundanebliss that are extreme, one begins to wonder what other levels of bliss may lie ahead. One ponders where the end of bliss lies!

The end of all doing. Another salient feature of the second jhana s that within the jhana all “doing” has totally ceased, even the involuntary“doing” that caused the wobble to appear has completely vanished. The“doer” as died. Only when one has experience of the second jhana canone fully appreciate what is meant by the term “water,” when water “dies”during the frog’s first experience on dry land. Within the second jhana,the “doer” has gone. It is no more. Absolute stillness remains.Moreover, it seems as if something that was so obvious to you as anessential part of one’s eternal identity, the doer, has now been deleted from existence. How often does what seem obvious now, later turns out to be a mirage, a delusion! After the second jhana it is possible touncover the delusion that the self is the doer. One penetrates theillusion of free will, from the data of raw experience. The philosopher who concludes that “to be is to do,” could not have known the state ofsecond jhana. In the second jhana, “being” is (through knowing), but“doing” is not. These jhanas are weird, They defy normal experience.But they are real, more real than the world. Moreover, the second jhana and the above unlock the meaning of non-self, anatta.
Summary of the Second Jhana
Thus the second jhana is distinguished by another collection of features:

1+2.a-vitakka-a-vicára , ajhattam sampasadanam” experience as the subsiding of the “wobble” from the first jhana due to internal confidence in the stability of the bliss;

3.Cetaso Ekodibbanam: perfect one-pointedness of mind due to full confidence in the bliss. This is usually experienced as rock-likestillness, the temporary “death” of the “doer,” or the perfection ofsamadhi;

4.Ssamadhijam pitisukham: being the focus of this jhana, the supramundane bliss generated by the end of all movement of themind, and

5.The end of all doing: seen as the first that the “doer” has completely gone.

THE THIRD JHANA

As the stillness of the knowing, samadhi, becomes longer established,then the stillness of the known grows ever more profound. It is to be remembered that in jhana, what is known is the image of the mind.Citta, and the mind is the knowing. In other words, the knowing knows an image of itself in the jhana. First the knowing becomes still, then its image, the known, gradually becomes still.

In the first two jhanas, this image of the mind is recognized as a blissthat up until now has been called pitisukha. In the third jhana, theimage of the mind has gone to the next level of stillness, to a verydifferent kind of bliss, the like of which one hasn’t seen before.

Piti has Vanished! Prior to the third jhana, all bliss has something in common, as well as differing in its “flavors“ due to the distinguishing causes. That something in common was the combination of piti plussukha. Because they were always together, seemingly as inseparable as Siamese twins, it was not only pointless but even impossible to tell the mapart. It was this combination that, up to now, gave all bliss a common quality. Now in the third jhana, piti has vanished leaving only sukha,producing a very different species of bliss altogether.

It is only after the experience of the third jhana that one can know what sukha is, and by inference what piti was. Piti appears as the more burdensome part of bliss, although the word “burdensome” in thecontext of the second jhana only just seems appropriate. Sukha is themore refined part. In the third jhana, the bliss that was known in the second jhana separates out leaving only the sukha.

Great Mindfulness, Clear Knowing and Equanimity. As with many jhanas, the experiences are next to impossible to describe. However, thehigher the jhana, the more profound the experience and he more difficultit becomes to put into words. These states as their language are remote from the world. At a stretch, one may say that the bliss of the third jhana, the sukha, has a greater sense of ease, quieter and more serene.In the suttas, it is accompanied by the features of mindfulness (sati),clear knowing (sampojanna) and equanimity (upekkha), although these qualities are said in the Anupada Sutta (MN 111) to be present in alljhanas. Perhaps these features are emphasized in the sutta as qualitiesof the thirds jhana in order to point out that in these very deep jhanas,one is exceptionally mindful, very clear in the knwing, and so still that one looks on without moving, which is the root meaning of equanimity(upekkha).

The Same Rock-like Stillness and Absence of a Doer. The third jhana retains the perfect samadhi, the rock-like stillness, the absence of a doer,and the in accessibility from the world of the five senses. However, it is distinguished from the second jhana by nature of the bliss, which has soared up to another level and appeared as another species of bliss altogether. So much so that the suttas describe the third jhana as what the Awakened One with Awareness’s describe by “as one who abides in bliss (in the third jhana) mindful, just looking on” (e.g. DN 9.12).

Summary of the Third Jhana
Thus the third jhana has the following features:
1.The bliss has separated, losing the coarse part that was piti;
2.The bliss that remains, sukha, exhibits the qualities of great mindfulness, clear knowing and the sense of just looking on;
3.The same absolute rock-like stillness and absence of a doer, as in the second jhana.


VOICE of ALL ABORIGINAL AWAKENED SOCIETIES (VoAAAS)
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/treating-all-130-crore-indians-hindu-as-per-saffron-mindset-will-do-no-good-to-country-mayawati/articleshow/73050340.cms


Treating all 130 crore Indians ‘Hindu’ as per saffron mindset will do no good to country: Mayawati

LUCKNOW: BSP supremo Mayawati on Monday said it will do no good to the country if its entire 130 crore population is treated as “Hindu” “as per the saffron mindset” instead of considering each one of them as Indians as per the Constitution.
The BSP supremo made the remark while extending her new year greeting to people.

Accusing the BJP-led central and state governments of pursuing a “narrow casteist and communal” politics, she also claimed that the people have stopped expecting any good from them and have resolved to improve their lot by their own hard work.
She also said the recent widespread “peaceful” protests against the changes in the citizenship law have made the BJP governments in various states and the Centre “go sleepless”.

“It is the BJP and RSS mindset of treating entire 130 population of India as Hindus as per the narrow casteist and communal policies instead of treating them as Indians that the basic humanistic spirit of the Constitution is getting destroyed,” said Mayawati.
“Owing to the casteist and communal politics of the BJP government in the Centre and various states, the people have stopped expecting any good from the government, prompting them to take a pledge to improve their lot by their own work and commitment,” she said.
“The way the people of all sections of the society and religions, especially the educated ones among them, have hit roads to peacefully protest against the recent changes in the citizenship law, considering it divisive and unconstitutional, has made the BJP governments in the Centre and various states go sleepless,” she said.

Comments in TOI
Jagatheesan  Chandrasekharan Just Now
Ms Mayawati as CM of UP with her best governance of  distributing the wealth of the state equally among all societies as enshrined in our Marvelous Modern Constitution   became eligible for the PM of this country. This was not liked by the just 0.1% intolerant, violent, militant, number one terrorists of the world, ever shooting, mob lynching, cunning, crooked, lunatic, mentally retarded FOREIGNERS from BENE ISRAEL chitpavan brahmins of Rowdy/Rakshasa Swayam Sevaks (RSS) of Bevakoof Jhoothe Psychopaths (BJP). The slaves, stooges, chamcas, clelas, bootlickers, own mother’s flesh eaters, the Muurderer of democratic institutions and Master  of diluting institutions (Modi) tampered the filthy frauEVMs to win elections only to see that the Master Key does not go to a downtrodden as liked by the father of our  Constitution Baba saheb Dr B.R.Ambedkar.



Ms Mayawati wanted Ashoka the great’s rule where all people in Pakistan, Burma, Cylon, Afganistan were part and parcel  aboriginals of PRABUDDHA BHARAT unlike the chitpavan brahmiins who are foreigners from Bene Israel. They are not aboriginals of this country. The All Awakened Aborignail Societies  will force the chitpavan brahmins to quit Prabuddha Bharat.  They are not Hindus. Only for the wealth and power they invented hindutva cult to implement their manusmrit which was burnt by Dr B.R Ambedkar as the manuvadis claim that the  the chitpavan brahmins are 1st rate athmas (souls), the kshatrias, vysias, shudras as 2nd, 3rd, 4th rate souls and the aboriginal SC/STs having no soul at all so that all sorts of atrocities could be committed on them including the Master Key does not go to their hands.But the Buddha never believed in any soul. He said all are equal. Hence all awakened aboriginal societies including SC/STs/OBCs/Religious Minorities and the non-chitpavan brahmins have started returning back to Buddhism for Sarvajan Hitaya Sarvajan Sukhaya ie., for the welfare, happiness and peace for all aboriginal societies and or them to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.


https://m.economictimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/mayawati-suspends-bsp-mla-rama-bai-for-supporting-caa/articleshow/73016011.cms

Mayawati has been strongly criticising the new law, which seeks to grant citizenship to non-Muslim refugees who came to India before December 31, 2014, to escape religious persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan.
The BSP earlier dubbed the controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Act as “unconstitutional” and voted against it in Parliament.

It also urged the President to withdraw the new law.

https://m.economictimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/centre-should-allay-muslims-apprehensions-on-caa-nrc-mayawati/articleshow/72953302.cms

Centre should allay Muslims’ apprehensions on CAA-NRC: Mayawati
PTI | Updated: Dec 24, 2019, 03.43 PM IST
Centre should allay Muslims’ apprehensions on CAA-NRC: MayawatiBCCL
LUCKNOW: BSP supremo Mayawati on Tuesday said the Centre should allay concerns of Muslims over the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and the proposed countrywide National Register of Citizens (NRC). “…it will be better if the Centre allays all apprehensions of Muslims on CAA/NRC to their satisfaction,” she said in a tweet in Hindi.

In another tweet, she said, “At the same time, the Muslim community should remain alert that they are not politically exploited on the pretext of (protest against) this issue.”

Mayawati directed party state president Munkad Ali to visit the families of those who died during anti-citizenship law protests in the state. Ali should take the help of local leaders and meet victims’ families to convey that the party is with them.

https://m.economictimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/threatened-mayawati-hits-out-at-bhim-army-chief/articleshow/72931183.cms

Mayawati hits out at Bhim Army Chief
ET Bureau | Dec 23, 2019, 06.46 AM IST
‘Threatened’ Mayawati hits out at Bhim Army ChiefBCCL
NEW DELHI: BSP chief Mayawati on Sunday issued a statement, slamming Bhim Army chief Chandrashekhar Azad and claiming he was playing into the hands of other parties to damage the BSP.

The fight between the two leaders has intensified since Azad declared his decision to launch a new political party on December 12. BSP, a dominant player in the Dalit politics of UP, feels this could be a real threat to its core vote bank. Mayawati’s statement comes also at a time when Azad has been in the limelight for his protest against the Citizenship Amendment Act.

“There is a common perception that Bhim Army chief Chandrashekhar does a conspiracy along with other opposition parties to damage BSP in states where BSP is stronger,” said Mayawati. “Despite being from UP, he protests at Jama Masjid in Delhi just before assembly elections and then his team members collect funds from poor Dalits to release him from the jail.” She alleged that he was defaming not only the name Bhim, but also the Dalit community by his acts.

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On December 12, Azad said he would launch a new political party after BSP MPs walked out of the Rajya Sabha during voting on the citizenship bill. “When Constitution was getting murdered, two Rajya Sabha BSP MPs walked out to help BJP,” he had said.

“Before this, by voting on EWS reservation and Article 370, BSP weakened the Bahujan movement. I announce to give a new political alternative to Bahujan community,” he had said.

After the LS polls, BSP had snapped its alliance with SP and has been trying to regain its strength in UP by bringing together the Dalits and Muslims.

https://m.economictimes.com/news/politics-and-nation/mayawati-accuses-congress-of-duplicity-for-continuing-alliance-with-sena/articleshow/72679499.cms

Mayawati accuses Congress of duplicity for continuing alliance with Sena
PTI | Dec 15, 2019, 04.59 PM IST
Mayawati accuses Congress of duplicity for continuing alliance with SenaBCCL
LUCKNOW: Bahujan Samaj Party supremo Mayawati on Sunday accused the Congress of practising duplicity by keeping its alliance intact with Shiv Sena in Maharastra despite the Hindutva party support to Citizenship Amendment Bill.

Mayawati accused the grand old party of duplicity in a series of tweets.

“The Shiv Sena remains committed to its basic agenda, and that is why it supported the Centre on the Citizenship Amendment Bill. And now it is not ready to tolerate the Congress’ stand even on Savarkar,” Mayawati said in her first tweet.

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“But, the Congress party is continues its aliance with Shiv Sena in Maharashtra. What is it if not the duplicity of the Congress?” asked the BSP chief in her second tweet.

In her third tweet, Mayawati asked Congress to clarify its stand

“The Congress must clear its stand on these issues. Or else, it will just be considered as its pure dramatics to distract people’s attention from its weaknesses,” said Mayawati.


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LESSON 3229 Wed 1 Jan 2020 Free Online NIBBANA TRAINING from KUSHINARA NIBBANA BHUMI PAGODA -PATH TO ATTAIN PEACE and ETERNAL BLISS AS FINAL GOAL Buddhist Doctrines - What is Nibbana? - The Roots of Nibbana First Thank everyone who made Smile You this year. Your are one of them! Wish you all a very Happy New Year! May you all be Very Happy, Well and Secure! May you all LIVE Long! May you all be Very Happy, Well and Secure! May you all have calm, quiet, alert, attentive and an equanimity Mind with a clear understanding that everything is changing!
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First Thank everyone who made Smile You this year. Your are one of them!

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https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/when-did-buddhism-begin-and-what-does-it-teach.html

When Did Buddhism Begin, And What Does it Teach?



The teachings of Gautama Buddha first spread across the Indian Subcontinent and beyond more than two millenniums ago.






Buddhism is the name of a religious belief set and conceptual
practice. Buddhism began in India but is now practiced by many of the
inhabitants of Sri LankaMyanmar, and Thailand, where it is often called Southern Buddhism. The followers in Nepal, Tibet, China,
and Japan, meanwhile, are said to be adherents to Northern Buddhism.
The total number of Buddhists around the globe today stands at around
500 million followers.
Buddhism originated from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, the
eldest son of the King Suddhodana, ruler of Kapilavastu, who lived
sometime between in the 6th and 5th Centuries BC in the area between
Benares and the foothills of the Himalayas (modern-day northeast India).


The historical Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama, was born in the Shakya group of the kshatriya caste
in the country of Magadha (sometime between 546 and 324 BC.E.), in the
southern part of the Lumbini region which today belongs to Nepal. Buddha
is also called Shakyamuni, after the fact that the sage belonged to the
Shakya clan. Having a comfortable life in the palace of his father, a
young man Siddhartha increasingly collided with the harsh realities of
life, and concluded that human life is associated with grief and
suffering. He gave up life in the palace, and began to lead an ascetic
life with the forest-dwelling hermits. Later, he came to the conclusion
that going out of one’s way to live in austerity was wrong as well, and
that he should walk upon an intermediate path between self-indulgence
and self-restraint. During a time of meditation under a Bodhi tree, he
decided that whatever it took, he would find the truth. Then, at the age
of 35, he attained “enlightenment”. He became known as Gautama Buddha,
or simply Buddha, which means “the awakened one” or the “enlightened
one”. The remaining 45 years of his life he extensively traveled across
what is now India, teaching his followers and disciples. Over the next
400 years the Buddha’s followers formed many different paths or early
Buddhist schools called Nikaya, among them the teachings of Theravada
was substantial, also numerous branches of Mahayana.



Buddhist Beliefs



The Buddha never used the term God, but expressed the Highest
Existence as the Light. After serious meditation practice, and having
fought against strong temptations, Buddha declared that he had found the
path of Nirvana, and it led beyond sorrows and sufferings into the
boundless Light and Delight.The Buddhist doctrine is expressed in a
formula composed by Buddha himself, and is called the “four noble truths“. These noble truths are as follows:

  • Dukkha - life is always accompanied by sufferings.
  • Samudaya - the source of all existence lies in passion and lust.
  • Nirodha - to rid oneself of the rotating wheel of birth and death is only possible through the destruction of lust.
  • Marga - one can achieve this by climbing on the subsequent four steps to Nirvana.

The
first step is the awakening of the heart. When the shutters fall from
the eyes of the believer, he learns the great secrets of sorrow, which
are inseparable from life. When this term refers to Buddha, he himself
becomes the first step on the path to salvation. The second stage
consists of the liberation from impure thoughts. To reach the third
stage, the believer must get rid of all evil desires, and remove
themselves from ignorance, doubt, heresy, malevolence, and irritability.
Mortifying one’s flesh through various privations is seen as
superfluous, and the greatest attention should be paid to the
purification of the soul from evil thoughts. The climax of the entire
life, according to Buddha’s view, should be found in all-encompassing
compassion. The true education and true freedom of a person is only to
be found in love. A believer, imbued with love, reaches the last stage.
From there, he can break the chains of ignorance, passion, and sin, and
thus save his soul as he or she is coming close to Nirvana, and staying
outside of the confines of material existence. The mysteries of the
future and the past life are opened up to enlightened believers, and
they are forever freed from the breed of its consequences, which
culminate in destruction and death. Later, Buddhism introduced the noble
Eightfold Path, called Arya Ashtanga Marga.

The main textual sources to learn of the life of Buddha are the following: “The Manual of Buddhism” was published in 1860. 2) The “Mallalingara Wouttoo“, written in the language of Pali, with the time and author being unknown, has an English translation of the work entitled “The Legend of the Burmese Buddha“,
which was published in 1858 by Bishop Bigandet. 3) The original
comments of Jataka in the Pali language, written in Ceylon in the 5th
Century and published in 1875 in Copenhagen. 4) The latter’s translation
into English under the title “The Romantic Legend of Sakya Buddha“, compiled by Bilem with a Chinese translation of Sanskrit works included which were called “Abhinishkramana Sutra“. 5) The Sanskrit work “Lalita Vistara“, the date and author of which are both unknown, and the text of this Sutra first appearing in Calcutta in a volume entitled “Bibliotheca Indica
(name kept as in original). This has been extensively translated from
Tibetan into French as well. Furthermore, southern collections of tales
about Buddha and his teachings called the Tripitaka were
compiled in 250 BC at the council in Pataliputra on the Ganges, which
was assembled by the King Ashoka. A similar, northern compilation was
approved at the beginning of the First Millennium AD at the Council of
Yalandare in Kashmir by the powerful monarch Kanishka. In the course of
time, Buddha’s followers formed many different paths or early Buddhist
schools called Nikaya. From among them, the teachings of Theravada
Buddhism came to have the most substantial following, followed by
numerous branches of Mahayana Buddhism.



Notable Buddhists Through The Ages


Hotei (830 A.D. - 902 A.D.)- A Chinese monk from
the Chan and precursor to the Zen Buddhism school. He was a person who
gave the Buddhist religion a turn that became quite popular in the
Western world.

King Ashoka (304 BC - 232 BC) reigned
over all of South Asia and beyond due to the many military invasions
led by him. He controlled all of present day India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran. He renounced all violence after becoming a Buddhist.

Sanghamitta was
the daughter of King Ashoka. She was a nun who spread the Buddhist
Order to Sri Lanka, and brought with her a sapling from the original
Bodhi tree at Bodh Gaya, laying a path to spread Buddhism outside of
India and into the furthest corners of Asia and beyond.

Nagarjuna (150 AD - 250 AD)- Indian
philosopher and founder of the Madhyamaka School of the “middle path”.
His major contributions were the development of the Doctrine of
Emptiness.

Anagarika Dharmapala (1864-1933) was
born in Sri Lanka and brought up in Christian traditions. He was the
translator for the first Theosophical teachings of Madame Blavatsky and
Colonel Olcott. He derived the essence of Buddhism from their writings,
and became very devoted to the teachings. He visited Bodh Gaya, India in
1891, and observed the deplorable condition of the Mahabodhi temple.
This prompted him to establish the Maha Bodhi Society, an organization
working towards the preservation and restoration of the most famous
Buddhist temples which attract tourists and truth seekers from around
the world.

Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, (a Geshe,
the equivalent to a Ph.D. in Buddhist Studies) the 14th and current
Dalai Lama of Tibet (1935-Present) is the religious, spiritual, and
political leader of Tibet, though currently in exile, living primarily
in McLeod Ganj, India. He was awarded the Noble Peace Prize in 1989.



Buddhists Around The World


Thailand, Cambodia
and Myanmar are the countries with the highest proportions of their
respective inhabitants practicing Buddhism. The same is true to a lesser
degree for many of the other countries of South and East Asia, varying
their numbers of devotees between 70% and 45% in each given country in
the region. In Indonesia, Malaysia,
and Philippines, other religions have largely overtaken the faith, yet
Buddhism is still present and practiced by 7% to 15% of their respective
populations. Indonesia claims the world’s largest Buddhist monument, the Borobudur, consisting of heightened stupas,
stone-made capsules with Buddha statues inside each. Countries in the
Western Hemisphere have also embraced Buddhist teachings to some extent,
and it paved the path in the West for many Buddhist-oriented
educational entities and scientific communities to emerge over the past
couple centuries.



Persecution and Disputes


Persecution of Buddhists by militaristic Imperial Japan
happened when that country led a series of invasions into other Far
East countries prior to World War 2. Another example of such persecution
has been seen in Myanmar where, after a coup led by military elite took
over, there was sparked the intimidation, torture, and murder of
numerous Buddhist monks. When certain ideology proscribes figurative
images of sentient beings, often the eyes, noses, and mouths of these
statues have been mutilated by those opposing Buddhism. This has
happened many times, especially in the cases where ancient Buddhist holy
monuments are located in territories with predominantly Muslim
populations. Prior to vandalizing the Buddhist Aspara statue in Xinjiang
Uyghur in China, the Muslim opposition proclaimed it as being an alien
cultural symbol. Strongly influenced by the Communistic ideology of
severe reproach for religious dogmas, China and other Communist regimes
across the Asian continent have over the past century implemented
restrictions towards Buddhist teachings, though damage to monasteries or
monuments was uncommon, and many were preserved for their significance
to national heritages.





Where did Buddhism Begin?




Buddhism began in India but is now practiced by many of the
inhabitants of Sri Lanka, Myanmar, and Thailand, where it is often
called Southern Buddhism.
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