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11/10/17
2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON Buddhism by country
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: @ 6:52 pm

2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON

Tripitaka

in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,

https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Buddhism_by_country


Buddhism by country

Buddhism is a religion practiced by an estimated 488 million in the world,[1] 495 million,[2] or 535 million[3] people as of the 2010s, representing 9% to 10% of the world’s total population.


China is the country with the largest population of Buddhists, approximately 244 million or 18.2% of its total population.[1] They are mostly followers of Chinese schools of Mahayana, making this the largest body of Buddhist traditions. Mahayana, also practiced in broader East Asia, is followed by over half of world Buddhists.[1]


The second largest body of Buddhist schools is Theravada, mostly followed in Southeast Asia.[1] The third and smallest body of schools, Vajrayana, is followed mostly in Tibet, the Himalayan region, Mongolia and parts of Russia,[1] but has been disseminated throughout the world.


According to a demographic analysis reported by Peter Harvey (2013):[3]




List of countries with largest Buddhist proportion


There are over 10 countries with the highest Buddhist percentage:



Buddhism by percentange as of 2010[1]
Country[4] Estimated Buddhist population  % of total Buddhist in country
 Cambodia 13,701,660 96.90%
 Thailand 64,419,840 93.20%
 Myanmar 48,415,960 87.90%
 Bhutan 563,000 74.70%
 Sri Lanka 14,222,844 70.2% [5]
 Laos 4,092,000 66.00%
 Mongolia 1,520,760 55.1%
 Japan 45,820,000 36.2%
 Taiwan 8,000,000 35%[6]
 Singapore 1,725,510 33.90%
 South Korea 11,050,000 22%
 Malaysia 5,620,483 19.8% [7]
 China 244,130,000 18.2%
 Vietnam 14,380,000 16.4%


By country



Population country
Country/Territory Population (2013)[8] % Buddhist: 1. Pew, 2. ARDA. Number of Buddhists
Afghanistan Afghanistan 24,108,077 < 0.1%[1]
Algeria Algeria 38,087,812 < 0.1%[1]
 American Samoa 26,719 0.3%[1]
Angola Angola 25,789,024 < 0.1%[1]
Argentina Argentina 42,610,981 < 0.1%[1]
 Aruba 109,153 0.1%[1]
Australia Australia 22,262,501 2.7%[1] 528,977
Austria Austria 8,629,519 0.2%[1]
 Bahamas 319,031 < 0.1%[1]
Bahrain Bahrain 1,281,332 2.5%[1]
Bangladesh Bangladesh 159,654,860 0.5%[1]
 Barbados 288,725 < 0.1%[1]
 Belarus 9,625,888 < 0.1%[1]
Belgium Belgium 10,444,268 0.2%[1]
Belize Belize 324,528 0.5%[1]
 Bermuda 69,467 0.5%[1]
Bhutan Bhutan 725,296 74.7%[1] 563,000[1]
 Bolivia 10,461,053 < 0.1%[1]
Botswana Botswana 2,127,825 < 0.1%[1]
Brazil Brazil 201,009,622 0.1%[1]
Brunei Brunei 415,717 8.6%[1]
Bulgaria Bulgaria 6,981,642 < 0.1%[1]
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 17,812,961 < 0.1%[1]
Myanmar Burma (Myanmar) 55,167,330 87.9%[1] 48,415,960[1]
Cambodia Cambodia 15,205,539 96.9%[1] 13,701,660[1]
Cameroon Cameroon 20,549,221 < 0.1%[1]
Canada Canada 34,568,211 0.8%[1]
Chad Chad 11,193,452 < 0.1%[1]
 Chile 17,216,945 < 0.1%[1]
China China 1,349,585,838 18.2%[1] 244,130,000[1]
 Christmas Island 1,513 < 0.1%[1]
 Colombia 45,745,783 < 0.1%[1]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 75,507,308 < 0.1%[1]
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 4,492,689 < 0.1%[1]
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,695,942 < 0.1%[1]
Ivory Coast Côte d’Ivoire 22,400,835 < 0.1%[1]
Croatia Croatia 4,475,611 < 0.1%[1]
 Cuba 11,394,043 < 0.1%[1]
 Curaçao 146,836

 Cyprus 1,155,403 0.2%[1]
Czech Republic Czech Republic 10,162,921 < 0.1%[1]
Denmark Denmark 5,556,452 0.2%[1]
 Dominica 73,286 0.1%[1]
 Dominican Republic 10,219,630 < 0.1%[1]
 East Timor 1,172,390

 Ecuador 15,439,429 < 0.1%[1]
Egypt Egypt 85,294,388 < 0.1%[1]
El Salvador El Salvador 6,108,590 < 0.1%[1]
 Estonia 1,266,375 < 0.1%[1]
Ethiopia Ethiopia 93,877,025 < 0.1%[1]
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands 3,140 < 0.1%[1]
 Federated States of Micronesia 106,104 0.4%[1]
 Fiji 896,758 < 0.1%[1]
Finland Finland 5,266,114 < 0.1%[1]
France France 65,951,611 0.5%[1]
 French Guiana 239,450 < 0.1%[1]
 French Polynesia 277,293 < 0.1%[1]
Germany Germany 81,147,265 0.3%[1]
Ghana Ghana 22,931,299 < 0.1%[1]
Greece Greece 10,772,967 < 0.1%[1]
 Guam 160,378 1.1%[1]
Guatemala Guatemala 14,373,472 < 0.1%[1]
Guinea Guinea 11,176,026 < 0.1%[1]
 Guyana 739,903 < 0.1%[1]
 Haiti 9,893,934 < 0.1%[1]
Honduras Honduras 8,448,465 0.1%[1]
Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,182,724 13.2%[1]
Hungary Hungary 9,939,470 < 0.1%[1]
Iceland Iceland 315,281 0.4%[1]
India India 1,326,987,437 0.8%[1] 9,250,000
Indonesia Indonesia 251,160,124

Iran Iran 79,853,900 < 0.1%[1]
Iraq Iraq 31,858,481 < 0.1%[1]
 Ireland 4,775,982

Israel Israel 7,707,042 0.2%[1]
Italy Italy 61,482,297 0.2%[1]
 Jamaica 2,909,714 < 0.1%[1]
Japan Japan 127,253,075 36.2%[1] 45,820,000[1]
Jordan Jordan 6,482,081 0.4%[1]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 17,736,896 0.2%[1]
Kenya Kenya 44,037,656 < 0.1%[1]
North Korea North Korea 24,720,407 1.5%[1]
South Korea South Korea 48,955,203 22.9%[1] 11,050,000
Kuwait Kuwait 2,695,316 2.8%[1]
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 5,548,042 < 0.1%[1]
Laos Laos 6,695,166 66.1%[1] 4,092,000
 Latvia 2,178,443 < 0.1%[1]
Lebanon Lebanon 4,131,583 0.2%[1]
Lesotho Lesotho 1,936,181 < 0.1%[1]
Liberia Liberia 3,989,703 < 0.1%[1]
Libya Libya 6,002,347 0.3%[1]
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein 37,009 < 0.1%[1]
 Lithuania 3,515,858 < 0.1%[1]
 Luxembourg 514,862 < 0.1%[1]
Macau Macau 583,003 17.3%[1]
 Macedonia 2,087,171 < 0.1%[1]
Madagascar Madagascar 22,599,098 < 0.1%[1]
Malawi Malawi 16,777,547 < 0.1%[1]
Malaysia Malaysia 31,112,021 19.8 %[1] 5,620,483
Maldives Maldives 393,988 0.6%[1]
Mali Mali 15,968,882 < 0.1%[1]
 Malta 411,277 < 0.1%[1]
 Martinique 403,795 < 0.1%[1]
Mauritius Mauritius 1,322,238 < 0.1%[1]
Mexico Mexico 116,220,947 < 0.1%[1]
Mongolia Mongolia 3,226,516 55.1%[1] 1,520,760
 Montenegro 653,474 < 0.1%[1]
Morocco Morocco 32,649,130 < 0.1%[1]
Mozambique Mozambique 24,096,669 < 0.1%[1]
Namibia Namibia 2,182,852 < 0.1%[1]
 Nauru 9,434 1.1%[1]
Nepal Nepal 30,430,267 10.3%[1]
Netherlands Netherlands 16,805,037 0.2%[1]
 New Caledonia 264,022 0.6%[1]
 New Zealand 4,365,113 1.6%[1]
Nicaragua Nicaragua 5,788,531 < 0.1%[1]
Nigeria Nigeria 174,507,539 < 0.1%[1]
 Northern Mariana Islands 51,170 10.6%[1]
Norway Norway 4,722,701 0.6%[1]
Oman Oman 3,154,134 0.8%[1]
Pakistan Pakistan 193,238,868 < 0.1%[1]
 Palau 21,108 0.8%[1]
State of Palestine Palestine 4,293,313 < 0.1%[1]
Panama Panama 3,559,408 0.2%[1]
 Papua New Guinea 6,431,902 < 0.1%[1]
 Paraguay 6,623,252 < 0.1%[1]
 Peru 29,849,303 0.2%[1]
Philippines Philippines 98,215,000 < 0.1%[1][9] 46,558[10][11][12]
Poland Poland 38,383,809 < 0.1%[1]
 Portugal 10,799,270 0.6%[1]
 Puerto Rico 3,674,209 0.3%[1]
Qatar Qatar 2,042,444 3.1%[1]
Réunion Réunion 839,500 0.2%[1]
 Romania 21,790,479 < 0.1%[1]
Russia Russia 142,500,482 0.1%[1]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 26,939,583

Senegal Senegal 12,521,851 0.3%[1]
 Serbia 7,450,265 < 0.1%[1]
Seychelles Seychelles 90,846 < 0.1%[1]
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 5,612,685

Singapore Singapore 5,460,302 33.9%[1]
Slovakia Slovakia 5,488,339 < 0.1%[1]
Slovenia Slovenia 1,992,690 < 0.1%[1]
 Solomon Islands 597,248 0.3%[1]
South Africa South Africa 48,601,098 0.2%[1]
 Spain 47,370,542 < 0.1%[1]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 21,675,648 69.3%[1] 14,222,844
Sudan Sudan 34,847,910 < 0.1%[1]
 Suriname 566,846 0.6%[1]
Swaziland Swaziland 1,403,362 < 0.1%[1]
Sweden Sweden 9,119,423 0.4%[1]
Switzerland Switzerland 7,996,026 0.4%[1]
Taiwan Taiwan 23,299,716 21.3%[1]
Tajikistan Tajikistan 7,910,041 < 0.1%[1]
Tanzania Tanzania 48,261,942 < 0.1%[1]
Thailand Thailand 67,448,120 93.2%[1] 64,420,000
Togo Togo 7,154,237 < 0.1%[1]
 Tonga 106,322

Tunisia Tunisia 10,835,873 < 0.1%[1]
 Trinidad and Tobago 1,225,225 0.3%[1]
Turkey Turkey 80,694,485 < 0.1%[1]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 5,113,040 < 0.1%[1]
 Tuvalu 10,698 < 0.1%[1]
Uganda Uganda 34,758,809 < 0.1%[1]
Ukraine Ukraine 44,573,205 < 0.1%[1]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 5,473,972 2%[1]
United Kingdom United Kingdom 63,395,574 0.4%[1]
United States United States 316,668,567 1.2%[1] 3,800,023
 Uruguay 3,324,460 < 0.1%[1]
United States Virgin Islands US Virgin Islands 104,737 < 0.1%[1]
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 28,661,637 < 0.1%[1]
 Vanuatu 261,565 < 0.1%[1]
Venezuela Venezuela 28,459,085 < 0.1%[1]
Vietnam Vietnam 92,477,857 16.4%[1] 14,380,000
Yemen Yemen 25,408,288 < 0.1%[1]
Zambia Zambia 14,222,233 < 0.1%[1]
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 13,182,908 < 0.1%[1]
TOTAL 7,095,217,980 Pew: 7.1%[1] Pew: 487,540,000[1]


By region



Buddhism by region in 2010[1]
Region Estimated total population Estimated Buddhist population  %
Asia-Pacific 4,054,990,000 481,290,000 11.9%
North America 344,530,000 3,860,000 1.1%
Europe 742,550,000 1,330,000 0.2%
Middle East-North Africa 341,020,000 500,000 0.1%
Latin America-Caribbean 590,080,000 410,000 <0.1%
Total 6,895,890,000 487,540,000 7.1%


Ten countries with the largest Buddhist populations



Countries with the largest Buddhist populations as of 2010[1]
Country Estimated Buddhist population  % of the total population of the country  % of world Buddhist population
China 244,130,000 18.2% 46.4%
Thailand 64,420,000 93.2% 12.2%
Japan[13][1] 45,820,000 36.2% 9.4%
Myanmar 38,410,000 87.90% 7.3%
Sri Lanka 14,450,000 69.3% 2.8%
Vietnam 14,380,000 16.4% 2.7%
Cambodia 13,690,000 96.9% 2.9%
South Korea 11,050,000 22.9% 2.1%
India 9,250,000 0.8% 1.8%
Malaysia 5,010,000 19.8% 1%
Subtotal for the ten countries 499,465,520 18.1% 94.9%
Subtotal for the rest of the world 26,920,000 0.7% 5.1%
World total 526,373,000 7.3% 100%

note : Exact number of followers when calculating Buddhists varies
because Buddhism is often mixed with the native East Asian religions in
their respective countries for example in Japan the number of Buddhists when calculating including the Shintoists would ramp the percentage of Buddhists in Japan from 67% to >98%.



See also



Other religions:



General:




External links




References




  • Pew Research Center, Global Religious Landscape: Buddhists.

  • Johnson, Todd M.; Grim, Brian J. (2013). The World’s Religions in Figures: An Introduction to International Religious Demography (PDF). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 34–37. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 2 September 2013.

  • Harvey, Peter (2013). An Introduction to Buddhism: Teachings, History and Practices (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 5. ISBN 9780521676748. Retrieved 2 September 2013.

  • Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life (December 2012), The Global Religious Landscape: A Report on the Size and Distribution of the World’s Major Religious Groups as of 2010 (PDF), Pew Research Center, retrieved 9 October 2013

  • Department of Census and Statistics,The Census of Population and Housing of Sri Lanka-2011

  • [1]

  • [2]

  • CIA’s The World Factbook: Populations as of July 2013

  • http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/philippines/religious_demography#/?affiliations_religion_id=0&affiliations_year=2010

  • https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2015%20PSY%20PDF.pdf

  • “Buddhism in Philippines, Guide to Philippines Buddhism, Introduction to Philippines Buddhism, Philippines Buddhism Travel”.

  • http://www.globalreligiousfutures.org/countries/philippines/religious_demography#/?affiliations_religion_id=0&affiliations_year=2010

    1. “Archived copy”. Archived from the original on 9 June 2015. Retrieved 2015-08-06.




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    comments (0)
    2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON Buddhism by country
    Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
    Posted by: @ 6:39 pm

    2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON

    Tripitaka

    in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,

    https://wikivisually.com/wiki/Buddhism_by_country


    Buddhism by country

    Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism ( or ) is a religion and dharma that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on original teachings attributed to the Buddha and resulting interpreted philosophies. Buddhism originated in ancient India sometime between the 6th and 4th centuries BCE, from where it spread through much of Asia,
    1. Standing Buddha statue at the Tokyo National Museum. One of the earliest known representations of the Buddha, 1st–2nd century CE.   2. ”The Great Departure”, relic depicting Gautama leaving home, first or second century (Musée Guimet)   3. Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath, India, where the Buddha gave his first sermon. It was built by Ashoka.   4. Buddha statue depicting Parinirvana (Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh, India)  
    China [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the world’s most populous country,
    with a population of around 1.404 billion. Covering approximately 9.6
    million square kilometres (3.7 million square miles), it is the world’s second-largest state by land area and third- or fourth-largest by
    1. China’s First Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is famed for having united the Warring States‘ walls to form the Great Wall of China. Most of the present structure, however, dates to the Ming dynasty.   2. Classical Gardens of Suzhou   3. A detail from Along the River During the Qingming Festival, a 12th-century painting showing everyday life in the Song dynasty’s capital, Bianjing (present-day Kaifeng)   4. A 19th-century depiction of the Taiping Rebellion (1850–1864)  
    Chinese Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Chinese Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture. —
    The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into
    Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works
    composed in China into a printed canon had far-reaching
    1. ① Buddhist monks at Jintai Temple in Zhuhai, Guangdong, mainland China.   2. ② Brahma Palace of the Buddhist Vatican (梵宫) in Wuxi, Jiangsu, mainland China, has become a focus of Chinese Buddhist and other East Asian Buddhist schools.   3. ③ A government-approved Buddhist house church (居士林 jūshìlín), part of a wider movement of lay Buddhist gatherings, in Beijing.   4. White Horse Temple, traditionally held to be at the origin of Chinese Buddhism.  
    Mahayana [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for “Great Vehicle”) is one of two (or three, under some classifications) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies
    and practice. This movement added a further set of discourses, and
    although it was initially small in India, it had long-term historical
    significance. The Buddhist
    1. Ancient Buddhist stūpas in Borobodur, Indonesia.   2. A statue of Prajñāpāramitā personified, from Singhasari, East Java, Indonesia.   3. Mahāyāna Buddhist triad, including Bodhisattva Maitreya, the Buddha, and Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara. 2nd–3rd century CE, Gandhāra.   4. Bodhisattva seated in dhyāna. Afghanistan, 2nd century  
    East Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    East Asia is the eastern subregion of the Asian continent, which can be defined in either geographical or pan-ethno-cultural terms. Geographically and geopolitically, it includes China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Mongolia, South Korea, North Korea, Japan and Taiwan; it covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian
    Theravada [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Theravāda (Pali, literally “school of the elder monks“) is a branch of Buddhism that uses the Buddha’s teaching preserved in the Pāli Canon as its doctrinal core. The Pali canon is the only complete Buddhist canon which survives in a classical Indic Language, Pali, which serves as the sacred language and lingua franca of Theravada Buddhism.
    1. Map showing the three major Buddhist divisions.   2. Ashoka and Moggaliputta-Tissa at the Third Council, at the Nava Jetavana, Shravasti   3. Sanghamitta and the Bodhi Tree   4. Mihintale, the traditional location of Devanampiya Tissa’s conversion  
    Vajrayana [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Vajrayāna, Mantrayāna, Esoteric Buddhism and Tantric Buddhism refer to the various Buddhist traditions of Tantra and “Secret Mantra“, which are systems of beliefs and practices that developed in medieval India and spread to Tibet and East Asia under varying names and forms. In Tibet, Buddhist Tantra is termed Vajrayāna, while in China it is

    1. Mahasiddhas,
    Palpung monastery. Note the figure of the great adept Putalipa at top
    center, seated in a cave and gazing at an image of the meditational
    deity Samvara and the figure at the bottom left holding a skull-staff (Khaṭvāṅga).   2. Diamond Realm Mandala, based on the tantric Vajrasekhara Sutra, and symbolizing the final realization of Vairocana Buddha in Shingon.   3. Vajrayana adopted Indian Tantric deities such as Bhairava, a fierce form of Shiva, known as Yamantaka in Tibetan Buddhism.   4. Tangut Auspicious Tantra of All-Reaching Union.  
    Southeast Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Southeast Asia or Southeastern Asia is a subregion of Asia, consisting of the countries that are geographically south of China, east of India, west of New Guinea and north of Australia. Southeast Asia is bordered to the north by East Asia, to the west by South Asia and Bay of Bengal, to the east by Oceania and Pacific Ocean, and to the south by
    1. A megalithic statue found in Tegurwangi, Sumatra. 1500 CE   2. Bronze drum from Sông Đà, northern Vietnam. Mid-1st millennium BC   3. Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, Cambodia   4. Kampung Laut Mosque in Tumpat is one of the oldest mosques in Malaysia, dating to the early 18th century.  
    Tibet [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Tibet
    ((listen); Tibetan: བོད་, Wylie: bod, ZYPY: Poi, Lhasa dialect IPA:
    pʰøː˨˧˩; Chinese: 西藏; pinyin: Xīzàng /ɕi⁵⁵ t͡sɑŋ⁵¹/) is a historical region covering much of the Tibetan Plateau in Central Asia. It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Qiang, and Lhoba peoples and is now also
    1. Tibetan family in Kham attending a horse festival   2. King Songtsen Gampo   3. Tibet in 1734. Royaume de Thibet (”Kingdom of Tibet”) in la Chine, la Tartarie Chinoise, et le Thibet (”China, Chinese Tartary, and Tibet”) on a 1734 map by Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville, based on earlier Jesuit maps.   4. Tibet in 1892 during the Qing dynasty.  
    Himalayas [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    The Himalayas, or Himalaya, (or ) form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.
    — The Himalayas got their name from the Sanskrit language which means
    “abode of snow”. Hima means Snow and Alaya means Abode. — The Himalayan
    range has many of the Earth’s highest peaks, including the highest,
    1. The north face of Mount Everest seen from the path to the base camp in Tibet Autonomous Region, China   2. Indus River   3. Tilicho lake in Manang, Nepal   4. Captive snow leopard  
    Mongolia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Mongolia (listen) (Mongolian: Монгол Улс in Mongolian Cyrillic; ᠮᠤᠩᠭᠤᠯ — ᠤᠯᠤᠰ [mɔŋˈɢɔɮ ʊɮs] in Mongolian script; Mongol Uls in Mongolian Latin script; literally: Mongol State) is a landlocked unitary sovereign state in East Asia. Its area is roughly equivalent with the historical territory of Outer Mongolia, and that term is sometimes used to refer
    1. Pasture land in Arkhangai Province. Mongolia was the heartland of many nomadic empires.   2. Mongolian ordos (palaces) were likened to “cities on the move” (Plano Carpini).   3. Altan Khan (1507–1582) founded the city of Hohhot, helped introduce Buddhism and originated the title of Dalai Lama   4. Castle built in northern Mongolia by Tsogt Taij in 1601.  
    Russia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Russia ((listen); Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Российская Федерация, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a country in Eurasia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by surface area,
    1. Kievan Rus’ in the 11th century   2. The Baptism of Kievans, by Klavdy Lebedev   3. Sergius of Radonezh blessing Dmitry Donskoy in Trinity Sergius Lavra, before the Battle of Kulikovo, depicted in a painting by Ernst Lissner   4. Tsar Ivan the Terrible, illustration in Tsarsky Titulyarnik, 17th century  
    Cambodia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Cambodia ((listen); Khmer: កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea IPA: [kɑmpuˈciə]), officially known as the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer:
    ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa, IPA: [ˈprĕəh
    riəciənaːˈcɑk kɑmpuˈciə]), is a country located in the southern portion
    of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898
    1. Glazed stoneware dating back to the 12th century.   2. Khmer army going to war against the Cham, from a relief on the Bayon.   3. Faces of Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara at Prasat Bayon.   4. Map of Indochina in 1760.  
    Thailand [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Thailand (TY-land), officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a country at the centre of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. With a total area of approximately 513,000 km2 (198,000 sq mi), Thailand is the world’s 50th-largest country. It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 69 million people.

    1. The ruins of Wat Chaiwatthanaram at Ayutthaya   2. Siamese envoys presenting letter to Pope Innocent XI, 1688   3. Bangkok’s Democracy Monument: a representation of the 1932 Constitution sits on top of two golden offering bowls above a turret.   4. Royal Thai Embassy in Washington, D.C.  
    Myanmar [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Myanmar (Burmese pronunciation: [mjəmà]), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 5,876
    1. Pagodas and kyaungs in present-day Bagan, the capital of the Pagan Kingdom.   2. Temples at Mrauk U.   3. A British 1825 lithograph of Shwedagon Pagoda shows British occupation during the First Anglo-Burmese War.   4. The landing of British forces in Mandalay after the last of the Anglo-Burmese Wars, which resulted in the abdication of the last Burmese monarch, King Thibaw Min.  
    Bhutan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Bhutan (འབྲུག་ཡུལ་ Druk Yul), officially the Kingdom of Bhutan (འབྲུག་རྒྱལ་ཁབ་ Druk Gyal Khap), is a landlocked country in South Asia. Located in the Eastern Himalayas, it is bordered by Tibet Autonomous Region of China in the north, India in the south, the Sikkim state of India and the Chumbi Valley of Tibet in the west, and Arunachal Pradesh
    1. The Dzong in the Paro valley, built in 1646.   2. Trashigang Dzong, built in 1659.   3. A thrikhep (throne cover) from the 19th century. Throne covers were placed atop the temple cushions used by high lamas. The central circular swirling quadrune is the gankyil in its mode as the “Four Joys”.   4. A topographic map of Bhutan.  
    Sri Lanka [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Sri Lanka (or (listen); Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā, Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located southeast of India and northeast of the Maldives. — The island is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. The majority of the population is from the
    1. Sculpture of reclining Buddha at Dambulla cave temple, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1991.   2. Ptolemy’s world map of Ceylon, first century CE, in a 1535 publication.   3. The Sigiriya rock fortress.   4. A Buddhist statue in the ancient capital city of Polonnaruwa, 12th century  
    Laos [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Laos ((listen), , or ; Lao: ລາວ, Lao pronunciation: [láːw], Lāo), officially the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of
    1. Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.   2. A statue of Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang kingdom.   3. Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s.   4. Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972.  
    Japan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Japan (Japanese: 日本 Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, meaning “State of Japan”) is a sovereign island nation in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian mainland and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and China in the southwest. — The
    1. The “King of Na gold seal“, said to have been granted to Na king of Wa (Japan) by Emperor Guangwu of Han in 57 CE. The seal reads “漢委奴國王”. Tokyo National Museum   2. Samurai warriors facing Mongols during the Mongol invasions of Japan; Suenaga, 1293   3. Emperor Meiji (1868–1912), in whose name imperial rule was restored at the end of the Tokugawa shogunate   4. Chinese generals surrendering to the Japanese in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894–1895  
    Taiwan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Taiwan ((listen)), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia. Its neighbors include China (officially the People’s Republic of China, PRC) to the west, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. Taiwan is the most populous state and largest economy that is not a member of the United Nations. — The island of Taiwan
    1. A young Tsou man   2. Fort Zeelandia, the Governor’s residence in Dutch Formosa   3. Japanese colonial soldiers march Taiwanese captured after the Tapani Incident from the Tainan jail to court, 1915.   4. General Chen Yi (right) accepting the receipt of General Order No. 1 from Rikichi Andō (left), the last Japanese Governor-General of Taiwan, in Taipei City Hall  
    Singapore [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Singapore ((listen), ) is an island country in Southeast Asia and one of the few remaining sovereign city-states in the world. It is sometimes referred to as the “Lion City”, “Garden City” or the “Little Red Dot“. It lies one degree (137 km) north of the equator, at the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, with Indonesia’s Riau Islands to the
    1. 1825 survey map. Singapore’s free port trade was at Singapore River for 150 years. Fort Canning hill (centre) was home to its ancient and early colonial rulers.   2. Sir Stamford Raffles’s statue at the Singapore River spot where he first landed   3. Raffles Hotel was established in 1887.   4. Singapore Naval Base, built in 1953  
    South Korea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (abbreviated ROK), is a sovereign state in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Officially, its territory consists of the whole Korean Peninsula and its adjacent islands, which are largely mountainous. South Koreans lead a distinctive urban lifestyle, as half of them live
    1. Seokguram Grotto from the Silla era, a UNESCO World Heritage Site   2. Balhae and Silla, 830 CE   3. The Tripitaka Koreana — the Buddhist canon (Tripiṭaka) carved onto roughly 80,000 woodblocks and stored (and still remaining) at Haeinsa, a World Heritage Site   4. Changdeok Palace, one of the Five Grand Palaces built during the Joseon Dynasty and a World Heritage Site  
    Malaysia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Malaysia ((listen) mə-LAY-zhə or (listen) mə-LAY-see-ə; Malaysian pronunciation: [məlejsiə]) is a federal constitutional monarchy located in Southeast Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories and has a total landmass of 330,803 square kilometres (127,720 sq mi) separated by the South China Sea into two similarly sized
    1. ”Malaysia” used as a label for the Malay Archipelago on a 1914 map from a United States atlas   2. Fort A Famosa in Melaka built by the Portuguese in the 16th century.   3. The Dutch fleet battling with the Portuguese armada as part of the Dutch–Portuguese War in 1606 to gain control of Melaka.   4. Statue of Francis Light in the Fort Cornwallis of Penang, the first British colony in what was to become Malaysia.  
    Vietnam [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Vietnam (UK: , US: (listen); Vietnamese: Việt Nam [vîət nāːm] (listen)), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam (listen)), is the easternmost country on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. With an estimated 94.6 million inhabitants as of 2016, it is the world’s 14th-most-populous country
    1. A Đông Sơn bronze drum, circa 800 BC.   2. French Indochina in 1913.   3. US helicopter spraying chemical defoliants (probably Agent Orange) over the Mekong Delta, 1969.   4. The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum in Hanoi.  
    Afghanistan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Afghanistan ((listen); Pashto/Dari: افغانستان‎, Pashto: Afġānistān [avɣɒnisˈtɒn, abɣɒnisˈtɒn], Dari: Afġānestān [avɣɒnesˈtɒn]), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia. The country has a population of 35 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world.
    1. Bilingual (Greek and Aramaic) edict by Emperor Ashoka from the 3rd century BCE discovered in the southern city of Kandahar   2. One of the Buddhas of Bamiyan. Buddhism was widespread before the Islamic conquest of Afghanistan.   3. The Friday Mosque of Herat is one of the oldest mosques in Afghanistan. (March 1962 photo)   4. Ahmad Shah Durrani, founder of the last Afghan empire and viewed as Father of the Nation  
    Buddhism in Afghanistan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism was one of the major religions in Afghanistan during pre-Islamic era. The religion was widespread south of the Hindu Kush mountains. Buddhism first arrived in Afghanistan in 305 BC when the Greek Seleucid Empire made an alliance with the Indian Maurya Empire. The resulting Greco-Buddhism flourished under the Greco-Bactrian Kingdom (250
    1. Ancient buddhist cave, Jalalabad  
    Algeria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Algeria (Arabic: الجزائر‎‎ al-Jazā’ir; Berber: ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻⵔ, Dzayer; French: Algérie), officially the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, is a sovereign state in North Africa on the Mediterranean coast. Its capital and most populous city is Algiers, located in the country’s far north. With an area of 2,381,741 square kilometres (919,595 sq mi),
    1. Roman ruins at Djémila   2. Ancient Roman ruins of Timgadon the street leading to the local Arch of Trajan   3. Numidia along with Egypt, Rome, and Carthage 200 BC   4. Ancient Roman theatre in Djémila  
    Buddhism in Africa [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism, as a major world religion, is practiced in Africa. Though there have been some conversion amongst Africans, most of the Buddhists in Africa, are of Asian, mostly Chinese, Vietnamese, Sri Lankan or Japanese descent. — South Africa is holds the largest Buddhist population in the continent. According to the 2010s estimates, Buddhist adherents
    1. Nan Hua Temple in Bronkhorstspruit, South Africa is the largest Buddhist pagoda in Africa.  
    Angola [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Angola , officially the Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República de Angola pronounced [ɐ̃ˈɡɔlɐ]; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Umbundu: Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa. It is the seventh-largest country in Africa and is bordered by Namibia to the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Zambia to the east, and the
    1. An illustration depicting Portuguese encounter with Kongo Royal family.   2. Portuguese troops on patrol in Angola during the Angolan War of Independence.   3. FNLA insurgents being trained in Zaire in 1973   4. Monument to the memory of Agostinho Neto and Angolan independence, in Luanda  
    Argentina [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Argentina ((listen); Spanish: [aɾxenˈtina]), officially the Argentine Republic (Spanish: República Argentina), is a federal republic in the southern portion of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with its neighbor Chile to the west, the country is also bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Uruguay

    1. The surrender of Beresford to Santiago de Liniers during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata   2. Cristina Fernández and Néstor Kirchner during the Bicentenario. The couple occupied the presidency of Argentina for 12 years, him from 2003 to 2007 and her from 2007 to 2015.   3. Puna Flamenco, typical of the Northwest region of Puna   4. High precipitation along with cold temperatures in the west form permanent snowfields such as the Perito Moreno Glacier  
    Australia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Australia ((listen), , ), officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and
    1. Aboriginal rock art in the Kimberley region of Western Australia   2. Portrait of Captain James Cook, the first European to map the eastern coastline of Australia in 1770   3. Tasmania’s Port Arthur penal settlement is one of eleven UNESCO World Heritage-listed Australian Convict Sites.   4. The Last Post is played at an Anzac Day ceremony in Port Melbourne, Victoria. Similar ceremonies are held in many suburbs and towns.  
    Buddhism in Australia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    In Australia, Buddhism is a small but growing religion. According to the 2006 census, 2.1 percent of the total population of Australia, or 418,749 people, identified as Buddhist. It was also the fastest-growing religion
    by percentage, having increased its number of adherents by 79 percent
    between the 1996 and 2001 censuses. Buddhism is the second
    1. Phap Hoa Temple, a Vietnamese Buddhist temple in Adelaide.  
    Austria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Austria ((listen); German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐˌʁaɪç] (listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, listen ), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.7 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy
    1. First
    appearance of the word “Ostarrîchi”, circled in red. Modern Austria
    honours this document, dated 996, as the founding of the nation.   2. Venus of Willendorf, 28,000 to 25,000 BC. Museum of Natural History Vienna   3. The Battle of Vienna in 1683 broke the advance of the Ottoman Empire into Europe.   4. The Congress of Vienna met in 1814–15. The objective of the Congress was to settle the many issues arising from the French Revolutionary Wars, the Napoleonic Wars, and the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire.  
    Buddhism in Austria [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism is a legally recognized religion in Austria and it is followed by more than 10,000 Austrians. Although still small in absolute numbers (10,402 at the 2001 census),
    Buddhism in Austria enjoys widespread acceptance. A majority of
    Buddhists in the country are Austrian nationals (some of them
    naturalized after immigration from Asia,
    1. The Peace Pagoda, a stupa in Vienna, Austria.   2. Buddhist Cemetery at the Vienna Zentralfriedhof  
    Bahrain [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Bahrain ((listen); Arabic: البحرين‎‎ al-Baḥrayn), officially the Kingdom of Bahrain (Arabic: مملكة البحرين‎‎ Mamlakat al-Baḥrayn), is a small Arab constitutional monarchy in the Persian Gulf. It is an island country consisting of a small archipelago centered around Bahrain Island, situated between the Qatar peninsula and the north eastern coast
    1. Arad Fort in Arad; constructed before the Portuguese assumed control.   2. Bahrain harbor, c. 1870   3. A photograph of the First Oil Well in Bahrain, with oil first being extracted in 1931   4. Manama souq in 1965  
    Bangladesh [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Bangladesh ((listen) or ; Bengali:
    বাংলাদেশ Bāṃlādēśa, pronounced [ˈbaŋlad̪eʃ] (listen), lit. ”The country
    of Bengal”), officially the People’s Republic of Bangladesh
    (গণপ্রজাতন্ত্রী বাংলাদেশ Gaṇaprajātantrī Bāṃlādēśa), is a country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). Nepal, Bhutan and China are located near
    1. Gold coin (about 670 CE) from the reign of King Rajabhata of the Khadga dynasty   2. The 15th-century Sixty Dome Mosque built during the Bengal Sultanate is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site   3. The wall carvings on the 17th-century Atia Mosque built during the Mughal Empire   4. The 1906 All India Muhammadan Educational Conference in Dacca, Eastern Bengal and Assam  
    Buddhism in Bangladesh [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    It is said that Lord Buddha once in his life came to this region East Bengal to spread Buddhism and he was successful to convert the local people of East Bengal to Buddhism. East Bengal
    what today known as Bangladesh was a Buddhist country before Islamic
    invasion which came to force during 13th century. During Islamic
    invasion many Buddhists and
    1. The Somapura Mahavihara is the oldest Buddhist institution in Bangladesh.   2. The earliest statue of Buddha found in Mahasthangarh   3. Atisha is one of the ancient priests from the Pala dynasty who is followed within the Bangladeshi Buddhist sects.  
    Belgium [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Belgium
    ((listen)), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a sovereign state in
    Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and the North Sea.
    It is a small, densely populated country which covers an area of 30,528
    square kilometres (11,787 sq mi) and has a population of about 11
    million people. Straddling the cultural
    1. Episode of the Belgian Revolution of 1830 (1834), by Gustaf Wappers   2. A relief map of Belgium   3. Polders along the Yser river   4. The Belgian Federal Parliament in Brussels, one of six different governments of the country  
    Buddhism in Belgium [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism
    is a small religion in Belgium but despite lack of official recognition
    by the Belgian government has grown rapidly in recent years. As of the
    1997 estimate, 29,497 Belgian people identified their religion as
    Buddhist (about 0.29% of the total population) — Buddhism in Belgium before official recognition — Belgium has been comparatively slow
    1. Meeting of Belgian Buddhist representatives at Yeunten Ling Tibetan Institute, Huy on 3 September 1997  
    Belize [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Belize ((listen)), formerly British Honduras, is an independent country on the eastern coast of Central America. Belize is bordered on the north by Mexico, on the south and west by Guatemala, and on the east by the Caribbean Sea. Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. — Belize has an area of 22,800 square kilometres
    1. ”Caana” at Caracol   2. ”El Castillo” at Xunantunich   3. An
    excerpt from the 1898 Gazette that declared 10 September an official
    holiday, part of the efforts of the Centennial Committee   4. Belizean Coast Guard working with the United States Navy  
    Buddhism in Bhutan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism is the major religion in Bhutan. Vajrayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan, and Buddhists comprise two-thirds to three-quarters and Hinduism one-quarter of its population. Although the Buddhism practiced in Bhutan originated in Tibetan Buddhism, it differs significantly in its rituals, liturgy, and monastic organization. The
    1. Bhutanese Buddhist monk looking out the window of a monastery.  
    Botswana [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Botswana , officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. The citizens refer to themselves as Batswana (singular: Motswana). Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September
    1. Starting fire by hand. San people in Botswana.   2. British colonial drawing of a “Booshuana village”, 1806.   3. Stamp of British Bechuanaland from 1960   4. A lechwe in the Okavango Delta  
    Brazil [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Brazil ((listen); Portuguese: Brasil [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 3.2 million square miles (8.5 million km²) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world’s fifth-largest country by area
    1. Megaliths in the Solstice Archaeological Park, in Amapá, erected between 500 and 2000 years ago, probably to carry out astronomical observations.   2. Representation of the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in Porto Seguro, 1500.   3. Painting showing the arrest of Tiradentes; he was sentenced to death for his involvement in the best known movement for independence in Colonial Brazil.   4. The Acclamation of King João VI of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in Rio de Janeiro, 6 February 1818  
    Brunei [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Brunei ((listen), broo-NYE), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace (Malay: Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi: نڬارا بروني دارالسلام‎), is a sovereign state located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coastline with the South China Sea, the country is completely surrounded by the Malaysian state
    1. The tomb of a ruler of Po-ni in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.   2. British adventurer James Brooke negotiating with the Sultan of Brunei, which led to the signing of the Treaty of Labuan, 1846   3. Ahmad Tajuddin, the 27th Sultan of Brunei, with members of his court in April 1941, eight months before the Japanese invaded Brunei.   4. Japanese battleships at Brunei in October 1944.  
    Buddhism in Brazil [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    With nearly 250,000 Buddhists, Brazil is home to the third largest Buddhist population in the Americas, after the United States and Canada. Buddhism in Brazil consists of practitioners from various Buddhist traditions and schools. A number of Buddhist organisations and groups are also active in Brazil, with nearly 150 temples spread across the
    1. Busshinji, Sōtō Zen Buddhist temple in Liberdade, São Paulo, is the headquarters for the school’s mission in South America.   2. Tibetan Buddhist temple in Três Coroas, Rio Grande do Sul.  
    Bulgaria [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Bulgaria ((listen); Bulgarian: България, tr. Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Bulgarian: Република България, tr. Republika Bǎlgariya, pronounced [rɛˈpublikɐ bɐɫˈɡarijɐ]), is a country in southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia and Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea
    1. Khan Krum feasts with his nobles after the battle of Pliska. His servant (far right) brings the wine-filled skull cup of Nicephorus I.   2. The walls of Tsarevets fortress in Veliko Tarnovo, the capital of the second empire   3. Hristo Botev, a prominent revolutionary in the April Uprising   4. Bulgarian soldiers with wire cutters during WWI  
    Burkina Faso [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Burkina Faso (US: (listen) bər-KEE-nə FAH-soh; French: [buʁkina faso]) is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres (105,900 sq mi) and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; Niger to the east; Benin to the southeast; Togo and Ghana to the south; and Ivory Coast to the southwest. Its
    1. The cavalry of the Mossi Kingdoms were experts at raiding deep into enemy territory, even against the formidable Mali Empire.   2. Armed men prevent the French explorer Louis-Gustave Binger from entering Sia (Bobo-Dioulasso) during his stay in April 1892.   3. The capital, Ouagadougou, in 1930   4. Maurice Yaméogo (center) was the first President of Upper Volta.  
    Buddhism in Myanmar [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Myanmar is predominantly of the Theravada
    tradition, practised by 89% of the country’s population It is the most
    religious Buddhist country in terms of the proportion of monks in the
    population and proportion of income spent on religion. Adherents are
    most likely found among the dominant Bamar people, Shan, Rakhine, Mon, Karen, Zo, and
    1. 18th-century depiction of Lokanātha   2. Mandalay’s
    Kuthodaw Pagoda, which houses marble slabs containing all of the
    Tipitaka scriptures, was constructed during the reign of King Mindon.   3. In February 2012, 1000 Buddhist monks and followers gathered for the 18th annual Shwegyin Nikaya Conference at the compound of Dhammaduta Zetawon Tawya Monastery in Hmawbi Township, Yangon Region.   4. Monks throughout Myanmar make alms rounds around the community in the early morning.  
    Buddhism in Cambodia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Cambodia is currently a form of Theravada Buddhism. Buddhism has existed in Cambodia since at least the 5th century, and in its earlier form was a type of Mahāyāna Buddhism. Theravada Buddhism has been the Cambodian state religion since the 13th century (except during the Khmer Rouge period), and is currently estimated to be the faith
    1. Cambodian statue of Avalokiteśvara Bodhisattva. Sandstone, 7th century CE.   2. Under Jayavarman VII, Buddhism was the state religion.   3. Buddhist nun. Bayon Temple, Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, Cambodia (January 2005).   4. Adolescent monks in Cambodia  
    Cameroon [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Cameroon (French: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun), is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon’s coastline lies on the

    comments (0)
    2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON Buddhism by country Tripitaka in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,
    Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
    Posted by: @ 5:42 pm

    2437 Sat 11 Nov 2017 LESSON

    Buddhism by country

    Tripitaka

    in 23) Classical English,82) Classical Sesotho- Sesotho ea khale,


    1. Bamum script is a writing system developed by King Njoya in the late 19th century   2. Former president Ahmadou Ahidjo ruled from 1960 until 1982.   3. A statue of a chief in Bana, West Region.   4. School children in Cameroon.  
    Canada [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Canada ((listen); French: [kanadɑ]) is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories
    extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic
    Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square
    miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area and the
    1. Benjamin West’s The Death of General Wolfe (1771) dramatizes James Wolfe’s death during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham at Quebec.   2. Canadian soldiers and a Mark II tank at the Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917   3. Canadian crew of a Sherman tank, south of Vaucelles, France, during the Battle of Normandy in June 1944   4. At Rideau Hall, Governor General the Viscount Alexander of Tunis (centre) receives the bill finalizing the union of Newfoundland and Canada on March 31, 1949  
    Chad [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Chad ((listen); Arabic: تشاد‎‎ Tshād; French: Tchad pronounced [tʃa(d)]), officially the Republic of Chad (Arabic: جمهورية تشاد‎‎ Jumhūrīyat Tshād; French: République du Tchad lit. “Republic of the Chad”), is a landlocked country in Central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south,
    1. Chad is divided into three distinct zones, the Sudanian Savanna in the south, the Sahara Desert in the north, and the Sahelian belt in Chad’s center.   2. Ennedi Plateau in northeastern Chad   3. Lake Chad in a 2001 satellite image. On the top, the changes from 1973 to 1997 are shown, with the lake shrinking.   4. This
    astronaut photograph features one of the largest of a series of ten
    mostly fresh water lakes in the Ounianga Basin in the heart of the
    Sahara Desert of northeastern Chad.  
    Buddhism in China [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Chinese Buddhism has shaped Chinese culture in a wide variety of areas including art, politics, literature, philosophy, medicine, and material culture. —
    The translation of a large body of Indian Buddhist scriptures into
    Chinese and the inclusion of these translations together with works
    composed in China into a printed canon had far-reaching
    1. Mogao Caves 8th-century mural depicting the legend of Emperor Wu of Han worshipping buddha statues   2. Statue of Kumārajīva in front of the Kizil Caves in Kuqa, Xinjiang province, China   3. The ruins of Nalanda University in India where Xuanzang studied.   4. Statue of Xuanzang at the Great Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi’an.  
    Democratic Republic of the Congo [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    The Democratic Republic of the Congo
    (French pronunciation: ​[kɔ̃ɡo]; French: République démocratique du
    Congo), also known as Zaire, DR Congo, East Congo, DRC, DROC, Congo-Kinshasa or simply the Congo, is a country located in Central Africa. The DRC borders the Central African Republic and South Sudan to the north; Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi and
    1. View of Leopoldville Station and Port in 1884.   2. Force Publique
    soldiers in the Belgian Congo in 1918. At its peak, the Force Publique
    had around 19,000 African soldiers, led by 420 white officers.   3. Patrice Lumumba was the first Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.   4. Refugees in the Congo  
    Republic of the Congo [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    The Republic of the Congo (French: République du Congo), also known as Congo-Brazzaville, West Congo, the Congo Republic or simply Congo, is a country in Central Africa. It is bordered by five countries: Gabon and the Atlantic Ocean to the west; Cameroon to the northwest; the Central African Republic to the northeast; the
    1. Marien Ngouabi changed the country’s name to the People’s Republic of the Congo, declaring it to be Africa’s first Marxist–Leninist state and was assassinated in 1977.   2. A
    pro-constitutional reform rally in Brazzaville during October 2015. The
    constitution’s controversial reforms were subsequently approved in a
    disputed election which saw demonstrations and violence.   3. Denis Sassou Nguesso served as President from 1979 to 1992 and has remained in power ever since his rebel forces ousted President Pascal Lissouba during the 1997 Civil War.   4. Cassava is an important food crop in the Republic of the Congo.  
    Costa Rica [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Costa Rica ((listen); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally meaning “Rich Coast”), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west, the Caribbean Sea to the east, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island
    1. A stone sphere created by the Diquis culture at the National Museum of Costa Rica. The sphere is the icon of the country’s cultural identity.   2. The Ujarrás historical site in the Orosí Valley, Cartago province. The church was built between 1686 and 1693.   3. The 1849 national coat of arms was featured in the first postal stamp issued in 1862   4. Arenal Volcano  
    Ivory Coast [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Ivory Coast ((listen)) or Côte d’Ivoire (KUUT dee-VWAHR; French: [kot divwaʁ] (listen)), officially the Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (French: République de Côte d’Ivoire), is a country located in West Africa. Ivory Coast’s political capital is Yamoussoukro, and its economic capital and largest city is the port city of Abidjan. Its bordering
    1. Prehistoric polished stone celt from Boundiali in northern Ivory Coast, photo taken at the IFAN Museum of African Arts in Dakar, Senegal   2. Pre-European kingdoms   3. Louis-Gustave Binger of French West Africa in 1892 treaty signing with Famienkro leaders, in present-day N’zi-Comoé Region, Ivory Coast   4. Arrival in Kong of new French West Africa governor Louis-Gustave Binger in 1892.  
    Croatia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Croatia ((listen) kroh-AY-shə; Croatian: Hrvatska [xř̩ʋaːtskaː]), officially the Republic of Croatia (Croatian: Republika Hrvatska, listen ), is a country in Central and Southern Europe, on the Adriatic Sea. Its capital city is Zagreb, which forms one of the country’s primary subdivisions, along with its twenty counties. Croatia has a total area
    1. The Branimir Inscription is the oldest preserved monument containing an inscription defining a Croatian medieval ruler as a duke of Croats   2. The Arrival of the Croats at the Adriatic Sea, painting by Oton Iveković   3. The Baška tablet, the oldest evidence of the glagolitic script   4. Ban Josip Jelačić fought Hungarians in 1848 and 1849  
    Czech Republic [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    The Czech Republic ((listen) Czech: Česká republika, Czech pronunciation: [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpuˌblɪka] (listen)), also known as Czechia ((listen); Czech: Česko, pronounced [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a landlocked nation state in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech
    1. Wenceslaus I, King of Bohemia (1230–1253) of the Přemyslid dynasty, Gelnhausen Codex   2. Battle between Protestant Hussites and Catholic crusaders during the Hussite Wars; Jena Codex, 15th century   3. The 1618 Defenestration of Prague marked the beginning of the Bohemian Revolt against the Habsburgs and therefore the first phase of the Thirty Years’ War.   4. Ceremonial laying of the foundation stone of the National Theatre during the Czech National Revival, 1868  
    Buddhism in Czech Republic [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    With a rough estimate of fifty thousand Buddhists, Buddhism
    is practiced by around 0.5% of the Czech population. The World Buddhist
    Directory lists 70 Buddhist places in the Czech Republic. — The Vietnamese-speaking communities form the mainstay of the Buddhist population in the Czech Republic. The Vietnamese practice mainly Mahayana Buddhism with
    1. Czech Buddhists  
    Denmark [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Denmark ((listen); Danish: Danmark, pronounced [ˈdanmɑɡ] (listen)), officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Nordic country and a sovereign state. The southernmost of the Scandinavian nations, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, and bordered to the south by Germany. The Kingdom of Denmark also comprises two autonomous constituent
    1. The gilded side of the Trundholm sun chariot dating from the Nordic Bronze Age   2. The Ladby ship, the largest ship burial found in Denmark   3. Larger of the two Jelling stones, raised by Harald Bluetooth   4. The National Constitutional Assembly was convened by King Frederick VII in 1848 to adopt the Constitution of Denmark.  
    Egypt [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Egypt ((listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر‎‎ Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر‎‎ Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Kimi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and
    1. Temple of Derr ruins at 1960.   2. The Giza Necropolis is the oldest of the ancient Wonders and the only one still in existence.   3. The Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII and her son by Julius Caesar, Caesarion, at the Temple of Dendera.   4. The Al-Hakim Mosque in Cairo, of Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, the sixth caliph, as renovated by Dawoodi Bohra   
    El Salvador [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    El Salvador ((listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðor]), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally “Republic of The Savior”), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador’s capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of
    1. Temazcal in Joya de Ceren.   2. Spanish Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado.   3. Tazumal ruins in Santa Ana, El Salvador.   4. A painting of the First Independence Movement celebration in San Salvador. At the center, José Matías Delgado.  
    Ethiopia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Ethiopia (Amharic: ኢትዮጵያ?, ʾĪtyōṗṗyā, listen ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk listen ), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It shares borders with Eritrea to the north and northeast, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and
    1. A Homo sapiens idaltu hominid skull   2. Obelisk of Aksum   3. Aksumite currency of the Aksumite king Endubis, 227–35, at the British Museum. The inscriptions in Ancient Greek read “ΑΧΩΜΙΤΩ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ” (”KING OF AXUM”) and “ΕΝΔΥΒΙΣ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΥΣ” (”KING ENDUBIS”), the Greek language was the lingua franca by that time so the Axumite kings used it in coins to simplify foreign trade.   4. Dawit II (Lebna Dengel), Emperor of Ethiopia (nəgusä nägäst) and a member of the Solomonic dynasty  
    Falkland Islands [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    The Falkland Islands (Spanish: Islas Malvinas, pronounced [ˈizlaz malˈβinas]) are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 300 miles (483 kilometres) east of South America’s southern Patagonian coast, at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago, with an area of 4,700 square miles (12,000
    1. Naval confrontation during the 1914 Battle of the Falkland Islands (painting by William Lionel Wyllie)   2. Government House in Stanley is the Governor’s official residence.   3. Colony of southern rockhopper penguins on Saunders Island   4. The Christ Church Cathedral, the local parish church of the Anglican Communion. Most Falklanders identify themselves as Christian.  
    Finland [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Finland ((listen); Finnish: Suomi [suo̯mi] (listen); Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland]), officially the Republic of Finland, is a sovereign state in Northern Europe. The country has land borders with Sweden to the northwest, Norway to the north, and Russia to the east. Estonia is south of the country across the Gulf of Finland. Finland is a
    1. Hakkapeliitta featured on a 1940 Finnish stamp   2. Northern Europe in 814   3. Now lying within Helsinki, Suomenlinna is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
    consisting of an inhabited 18th century sea fortress built on six
    islands. It is one of Finland’s most popular tourist attractions.   4. White firing squad executing Red soldiers in Länkipohja, Längelmäki, in 1918.  
    France [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    France (French IPA: [fʁɑ̃s]), officially the French Republic (French: République française [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the
    1. One of the Lascaux paintings: a horse – Dordogne, approximately 18,000 BC.   2. The Maison Carrée was a temple of the Gallo-Roman city of Nemausus (present-day Nîmes) and is one of the best-preserved vestiges of the Roman Empire.   3. With Clovis’s conversion to Catholicism in 498, the Frankish monarchy, elective and secular until then, became hereditary and of divine right.   4. The St. Bartholomew’s Day massacre (1572) was the climax of the French Wars of Religion, which were brought to an end by the Edict of Nantes (1598).  
    Buddhism in France [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in France, after Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. — France has over two hundred Buddhist meditation centers, including about twenty sizable retreat centers in rural areas. The Buddhist population mainly consists of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Korean immigrants, with a substantial minority of native French
    Germany [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Germany ((listen); German: Deutschland, pronounced [ˈdɔʏtʃlant]), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland, listen ), is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe. It includes 16 constituent states, covers an area of 357,021 square kilometres (137,847 sq mi), and has a largely temperate
    1. The Nebra sky disk, c. 1700 BC   2. Martin Luther (1483–1546) initiated the Protestant Reformation.   3. Foundation of the German Empire in Versailles, 1871. Bismarck is at the centre in a white uniform.   4. Philipp Scheidemann proclaims the German Republic from the Reichskanzlei window, on 9 November 1918.  
    Buddhism in Germany [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Germany looks back to a history of over 150 years. Arthur Schopenhauer was one of the earliest Germans who were influenced by Buddhism. Schopenhauer got his knowledge of Buddhism from authors like Isaac Jacob Schmidt (1779-1847). German Buddhists or Orientalists like Karl Eugen Neumann, Paul Dahlke, Georg Grimm, Friedrich Zimmermann
    1. First born German monk Nyanatiloka Maha Thera.  
    Ghana [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Ghana ((listen)), officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km², Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and
    1. 16th – 17th century Akan Terracotta, Metropolitan Museum of Art   2. An 1850 map showing the Akan Kingdom of Ashanti within the Guinea region and surrounding regions in West Africa   3. 14th century medieval ewer looted from the Ashanti Empire in 1896 by British forces. The ewer was originally made for the court of Richard II.
    Currently housed at the British Museum. Historians are unsure how it
    came to reside with the Ashanti Empire in good condition after 500
    years.   4. The first Anglo-Ashanti war, 1823–31  
    Greco Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Greco-Buddhism, or Graeco-Buddhism, is the cultural syncretism between Hellenistic culture and Buddhism, which developed between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD in Bactria and the Indian subcontinent, corresponding to the territories of modern-day Afghanistan, Tajikistan, India, and Pakistan. It was a cultural consequence of a long
    1. ”Victory coin” of Alexander the Great, minted in Babylon c.322 BC, following his campaigns in India. Obv: Alexander being crowned by Nike. Rev: Alexander attacking King Porus on his elephant. Silver. British Museum.   2. The Hellenistic Pataliputra capital, discovered in Pataliputra, capital of the Maurya Empire, dated to the 3rd century BCE.   3. The Greco-Bactrian city of Ai-Khanoum (c.300-145 BC) was located at the doorstep of India.   4. Greek Gods and the “Wheel of the Law” or Dharmachakra: Left: Zeus holding Nike, who hands a victory wreath over a Dharmachakra (coin of Menander II). Right: Divinity wearing chlamys and petasus pushing a Dharmachakra, with legend “He who sets in motion the Wheel of the Law” (Tillya Tepe Buddhist coin).  
    Greece [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Greece (Greek: Ελλάδα), officially the Hellenic Republic (Greek: Ελληνική Δημοκρατία), historically also known as Hellas, is a country in Southern Europe, with a population of approximately 11 million as of 2016. Athens is the nation’s capital and largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. — Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and
    1. The entrance of the Treasury of Atreus (13th BC) in Mycenae   2. Fresco displaying the Minoan ritual of “bull leaping”, found in Knossos   3. The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens, emblem of classical Greece.   4. Map of Alexander’s short-lived empire (334–323 BC). After his death the lands were divided between the Diadochi  
    Guatemala [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Guatemala ((listen) GWAHT-ə-MAH-lə, GWAT-, GAHT-; Spanish: [gwateˈmala]), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to
    1. Maya city of Tikal   2. Criollos rejoice upon learning about the declaration of independence from Spain on 15 September 1821.   3. Proclamation Coin 1847 of the independent Republic of Guatemala   4. Captain General Rafael Carrera after being appointed President for Life in 1854.  
    Guinea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Guinea ((listen)), officially the Republic of Guinea (French: République de Guinée), is a country on the western coast of Africa. Formerly known as French Guinea
    (French: Guinée française), the modern country is sometimes referred to
    as Guinea-Conakry in order to distinguish it from other parts of the wider region of the same name, such as
    1. Samori Toure was the founder of the Wassoulou Empire, an Islamic state in present-day Guinea that resisted French colonial rule in West Africa from 1882 until Ture’s capture in 1898.   2. President Ahmed Sékou Touré was supported by the Communist bloc states and in 1961 visited Yugoslavia.   3. Monument
    to commemorate the 1970 military victory over the Portuguese raid. The
    only objective not accomplished by the Portuguese raid was the capture
    of Ahmed Sékou Touré.   4. Alpha Condé, the current President of Guinea.  
    Honduras [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Honduras ((listen); Spanish: [onˈduɾas]), officially the Republic of Honduras (Spanish: República de Honduras), is a republic in Central America. It has at times been referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became modern-day Belize. Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by
    1. A Maya stela, an emblematic symbol of the Honduran Mayan civilization at Copan.   2. Hernán Cortés, one of the conquerors of Honduras.   3. The Fortaleza de San Fernando de Omoa was built by the Spanish to protect the coast of Honduras from English pirates.   4. Part of the massive damage caused by Hurricane Mitch in Tegucigalpa, 1998.  
    Hong Kong [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Hong Kong, officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is an autonomous territory in China, south of the mainland Chinese province of Guangdong and east of the former Portuguese colony and fellow Special Administrative Region (SAR) of Macao. With around 7.2 million Hong Kongers of various
    1. A painter at work, John Thomson. Hong Kong, 1871, The Wellcome Collection, London   2. Stamp with portrait of Queen Elizabeth II, 1953   3. Golden Bauhinia Square   4. Hong Kong branded as “Asia’s World City”  
    Buddhism in Hong Kong [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism is a major religion in Hong Kong
    and has been greatly influential in the traditional culture of its
    populace. Among the most prominent Buddhist temples in the city there
    are the Chi Lin Nunnery in Diamond Hill, built in the Tang Dynasty’s architectural style; the Po Lin Monastery on Lantau Island, famous for the outdoor bronze statue,
    1. Main pavilions of the Chi Lin Nunnery.   2. The Big Buddha, on Lantau Island.   3. Statue of the goddess Marici, in an Esoteric Buddhist temple in Hong Kong.  
    Hungary [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Hungary ((listen); Hungarian: Magyarország [ˈmɒɟɒrorsaːɡ] (listen)) is a unitary parliamentary republic in Central Europe. It covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres (35,920 sq mi), situated in the Carpathian Basin, and is bordered by Slovakia to the north, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the
    1. Italian fresco depicting a Hungarian warrior shooting backwards   2. Hungarian raids in the 10th century   3. King Saint Stephen, the first King of Hungary, converted the nation to Christianity   4. The Holy Crown (Szent Korona), one of the key symbols of Hungary  
    Buddhism in Hungary [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Hungary exists since 1951 when Ernő Hetényi founded Buddhist Mission in Germany as a member of the Arya Maitreya Mandala Buddhist order (Mahayana school). However, the first Buddhist community had been founded in the 1890s in Máramarossziget (today Sighetu Marmației, part of Romania). József Hollósy took refuge and he wrote Buddhista
    1. Sándor Kőrösi Csoma stupa in Tar village.   2. The 33-meter-high stupa in Zalaszántó   3. András Laár  
    Iceland [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Iceland ((listen); Icelandic: Ísland pronounced [ˈistlant]) is a Nordic island country of Europe located in the North Atlantic Ocean.
    It has a population of 332,529 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq
    mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The
    capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavík and the surrounding areas in
    1. Norsemen landing in Iceland – a 19th-century depiction by Oscar Wergeland.   2. Ósvör, a replica of an old fishing outpost outside Bolungarvík   3. A 19th-century depiction of the Alþingi of the Commonwealth in session at Þingvellir   4. A map of Iceland published in the early 17th century  
    India [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    India, officially the Republic of India (Bhārat Gaṇarājya), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on
    1. Paintings at the Ajanta Caves in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, 6th century   2. The granite tower of Brihadeeswarar Temple in Thanjavur was completed in 1010 CE by Raja Raja Chola I.   3. Writing the will and testament of the Mughal king court in Persian, 1590–1595   4. The British Indian Empire, from the 1909 edition of The Imperial Gazetteer of India. Areas directly governed by the British are shaded pink; the princely states under British suzerainty are in yellow.  
    Buddhism in India [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism is a world religion, which arose in and around the ancient Kingdom of Magadha (now in Bihar, India), and is based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama who was deemed a “Buddha” (”Awakened One”). Buddhism spread outside Magadha starting in the Buddha’s lifetime. — With the reign of the Buddhist Mauryan Emperor Ashoka, the Buddhist
    1. Deekshabhoomi, located in Nagpur, Maharashtra is a Buddhist shrine in India   2. Mahabodhi Temple before restoration, Bodh Gaya, 1780s’    3. Rock-cut Lord Buddha Statue at Bojjanakonda near Anakapalle of Visakhapatnam district in Andhra Pradesh.   4. Ancient Buddhist monasteries near Dhamekh Stupa Monument Site, Sarnath  
    Indonesia [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Indonesia ((listen) IN-də-NEE-zhə or IN-doh-NEE-zee-ə; Indonesian: [ɪndonesia]), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]), is a unitary sovereign state and transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans,
    1. The submission of Prince Diponegoro to General De Kock at the end of the Java War in 1830   2. Sukarno, the founding father and first President of Indonesia   3. Puncak Jaya in Papua, the highest summit in Indonesia and Oceania   4. Typical Indonesian rainforest, mostly found in Kalimantan and Sumatra  
    Buddhism in Indonesia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Indonesia has a long history, with a considerable range of relics dated from its earlier years in Indonesia. Buddhism is recognized as one of six official religions in Indonesia, along with Islam, Christianity (Protestantism and Catholicism), Hinduism and Confucianism. — According to the 2000 national census, roughly 0.8% of the total
    1. Monks praying at Borobudur, the largest Buddhist structure in the world, built by the Sailendra dynasty.   2. Religion map in Indonesia. Buddhist are shown in orange   3. Borobudur Temple Compounds, located in Central Java, Indonesia   4. National vesak ceremony in Borobudur, Central Java.  
    Iran [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Iran (Persian: ایران‎‎ Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also known as Persia , officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران‎‎ Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān (listen)), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With about 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world’s 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2
    1. A cave painting in Doushe cave, Lorestan, from the 8th millennium BC.   2. A bas-relief at Persepolis, depicting the united Medes and Persians.   3. Ruins of the Gate of All Nations, Persepolis.   4. Sasanian rock reliefs at Taq Bostan, in the heart of the Zagros Mountains.  
    Buddhism in Iran [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Iran dates back to the 2nd century, when Parthians such as An Shigao, were active in spreading Buddhism in China. Many of the earliest translators of Buddhist literature into Chinese were from Parthia and other kingdoms linked with present-day Iran. — History — Pre-Islamic Iran — Buddhists were persecuted during the Sasanid rule in the
    1. Mongol rulers Arghun and Abaqa were Buddhists. From the 14th century Universal History by Rashid-al-Din Hamadani.  
    Iraq [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Iraq ( (listen), or ; Arabic: العراق‎‎ al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: عێراق‎ Eraq), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمُهورية العِراق‎‎ Jumhūrīyyat al-‘Irāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق‎ Komari Eraq) is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the
    1. Victory stele of Naram-Sin of Akkad.   2. Bill of sale of a male slave and a building in Shuruppak, Sumerian tablet, circa 2600 BC.   3. Jehu, king of Israel, bows before Shalmaneser III of Assyria, 825 BC.   4. Relief showing a lion hunt, from the north palace of Nineveh, 645–635 BC.  
    Israel [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Arabic: إِسْرَائِيل‎‎), officially the State of Israel (Hebrew: מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Arabic: دَوْلَة إِسْرَائِيل‎‎), is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea. It has land borders with Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan
    1. The Large Stone Structure, archaeological site of ancient Jerusalem   2. Masada fortress, location of the final battle in the First Jewish–Roman War   3. The 13th-century Ramban Synagogue in Jerusalem   4. Jews at the Western Wall, 1870s  
    Italy [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Italy (Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (listen)), officially the Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica italiana), is a unitary parliamentary republic in Europe. Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2
    1. Hera Temple in Paestum, among the world’s largest and best-preserved Doric temples   2. Leonardo da Vinci, the quintessential Renaissance man, in a self-portrait, c. 1512. Royal Library, Turin   3. Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492, opening a new era in the history of humankind   4. The Altare della Patria in Rome, built in honor of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy  
    Buddhism in Italy [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Italy is the third most spread religion, next to Christianity and Islam. According to Caritas Italiana, in the country there are 160,000 Buddhists, that is to say the 0.3% of the total population. — History
    — The Buddhist presence in Italy begins to be known in the 1960s, with
    the first attempts to ground some Buddhist centers. Between
    1. Peace pagoda in Comiso  
    Buddhism in Japan [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Japan has been practiced since its official introduction in 552 CE according to the Nihon Shoki from Baekje, Korea,
    by Buddhist monks. Buddhism has had a major influence on the
    development of Japanese society and remains an influential aspect of the
    culture to this day. — In modern times, Japan’s most popular schools of Buddhism are
    1. Daibutsu, Kamakura.   2. Pagoda of Yakushi-ji in Nara (730)   3. Byōdō-in (Pure Land sect), located in Uji, Kyoto   4. Kinkaku-ji, the Temple of the Golden Pavilion, Shōkoku-ji sect of the Rinzai school, located in Kyoto. It was built in Muromachi period.  
    Jordan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Jordan (Arabic: الأردن‎‎ al-‘Urdunn [al.ʔur.dunn]), officially The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan (Arabic: المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية‎‎ Al-Mamlakah Al-Urdunnīyah Al-Ḥāshimīyah), is an Arab kingdom in Western Asia, on the East Bank of the Jordan River. Jordan is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the east and south; Iraq to the north-east; Syria to the north;
    1. The ‘Ain Ghazal Statues found in Amman, are some of the oldest human statues ever found, dating back to about 7250 BC.   2. Al-Khazneh (the treasury) in the ancient city of Petra, carved into the rock in 312 BC by the Arab Nabataeans.   3. Ajloun Castle in Ajloun built by the Ayyubid Muslim leader Saladin in the 12th century AD used for defence against the Crusades.   4. Soldiers of the Hashemite-led Arab Army holding the flag of the Great Arab Revolt against the Ottoman Empire in 1916.  
    Kazakhstan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Kazakhstan (US: (listen), UK: ; Kazakh: Қазақстан, tr. Qazaqstan, IPA: [qɑzɑqˈstɑn] (listen); Russian: Казахстан, tr. Kazakhstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасы, tr. Qazaqstan Respy’bli’kasy; Russian: Республика Казахстан, tr. Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world’s largest landlocked country, and the
    1. Ablai Khan served as khan of the Middle jüz from 1771 to 1781   2. Russian settlers near Petropavlovsk   3. Young Pioneers at a Young Pioneer camp in Kazakh SSR   4. The Monument of Independence, Republic Square, Almaty.  
    Buddhism in Central Asia [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Buddhism in Central Asia refers to the forms of Buddhism that existed in Central Asia, which were historically especially prevalent along the Silk Road. The history of Buddhism in Central Asia is closely related to the Silk Road transmission of Buddhism during the first millennium of the common era. — History — Buddhist monastic groups — A number of
    1. Pranidhi scene, temple 9 (Cave 20). Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves   2. Sogdian merchant donors giving to the Buddha. Bezeklik Thousand Buddha Caves   3. Bust of a bodhisattva from Kucha, 6th-7th century. Musée Guimet.   4. Kharoṣṭhī manuscript from Shanshan  
    Kenya [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Kenya (locally [ˈkɛɲa] (listen)), officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa and a founding member of the East African Community (EAC). Its capital and largest city is Nairobi. Kenya’s territory lies on the equator and overlies the East African Rift covering a diverse and expansive terrain that extends roughly from Lake Victoria to
    1. The Turkana boy, a 1.6-million-year-old hominid fossil belonging to Homo erectus.   2. A traditional Swahili carved wooden door in Lamu.   3. Pottery sherds from the Kilwa Sultanate, founded in the 10th century by the Persian Sultan Ali ibn al-Hassan Shirazi.   4. The Kenya–Uganda Railway near Mombasa, about 1899.  
    North Korea [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    North Korea, officially the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (abbreviated DPRK), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. Pyongyang is the nation’s capital and largest city. To the north and northwest the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in China) and Tumen
    1. Three Koreans shot for pulling up rails as a protest against seizure of land without payment by the Japanese   2. Suspected communist sympathizers awaiting execution in May 1948 after the Jeju Uprising   3. Museum of American War Atrocities. Alleged American war atrocities against the Korean people is the main theme of the museum.   4. A Korean People’s Army soldier pointing to the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ)  
    Korean Buddhism [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to resolve what it sees as inconsistencies in Mahayana
    Buddhism. Early Korean monks believed that the traditions they received
    from foreign countries were internally inconsistent. To address this,
    they developed a new holistic approach to Buddhism. This approach is
    1. Monks going down to their rooms after evening prayers at Haeinsa.   2. Reliquary   3. A stone image of a Buddha, near Gyeongju, South Korea. 7th century Silla.   4. Korean painting of Water-Moon Avalokiteshvara, 1310 CE, ink on silk, painted by Umun Kim  
    Kuwait [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Kuwait ((listen); Arabic: الكويت‎‎ al-Kuwait, Gulf Arabic pronunciation: [ɪl‿ɪkweːt] or [lɪkweːt]), officially the State of Kuwait (Arabic: دولة الكويت‎‎ Dawlat al-Kuwait), is a country in Western Asia. Situated in the northern edge of Eastern Arabia at the tip of the Persian Gulf, it shares borders with Iraq and Saudi Arabia. As of 2016, Kuwait
    1. Celebration at Seif Palace in 1944   2. Abdulhussain Abdulredha, Kuwaiti actor, director, playwright and producer   3. Sadu House   4. The 372 m tall Kuwait Telecommunications Tower (leftmost) is the main communication tower of Kuwait.  
    Kyrgyzstan [map/sat/sites/3D/street] [videos] [show wikivisually / wikipedia page here]
    Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz: Кыргызстан, Qırğızstan, قىرعىزستان, (Kyrgyz pronunciation: [qɯrʁɯsˈstɑn]); Russian: Киргизия, Kirgizija), officially the Kyrgyz Republic (Kyrgyz: Кыргыз Республикасы, Qırğız Respublikası, قىرعىز رەسپۇبلىکاسى; Russian: Кыргызская Республика Kyrgyzskaja Respublika), formerly known as Kirghizia or Kirgizia, is a sovereign state in
    1. Bishkek   2. Marco Polo sheep on a Kyrgyzstan stamp   3. Nomads in Kyrgyzstan   4. Kyrgyz family in the village of Sary-Mogol, Osh Region  









    82) Classical Sesotho

    82) Sesotho ea khale

    2436 Labo 10 Nov 2017 Thuto

    Tipitaka

    Tipitaka (Pali, “tse tharo,” + pitaka, “libaskete”),
    kapa Canon ea li-Pali, ke pokello ea litemana tsa lipuo tsa pele tsa Pali tse
    theha motheo oa lithuto tsa Buddhism ea Theravada. Tipitaka le
    litemana tsa Paracanonical Pali (litlhaloso, litlaleho, joalo-joalo)
    hammoho le sehlopha se feletseng sa litemana tsa Theravada tsa khale.

    The
    Ho na le likarolo tse ngata tsa libuka tse fumanehang ka Bibeleng: phetolelong ea Senyesemane ea
    litemana li kenyelletsa maqephe a likete. Boholo ba (empa hase bohle) ba
    Canon e seng e hatisitsoe ka Senyesemane ho feta lilemo. Le hoja
    karoloana e nyane feela ea litemana tsena e fumaneha ho websaeteng ena, ena
    pokello e ka ba sebaka se setle sa ho qala.

    Likarolo tse tharo tsa Tipitaka ke tsena:

    Vinaya Pitaka
        
    Pokello ea litemana mabapi le melao ea boitšoaro e laolang litaba
    tsa letsatsi le letsatsi ka hare ho Sangha - sechaba sa bhikkhus
    (baitlami ba khethiloeng) le bhikkhunis (ba khethiloeng
        
    baitlami). Hase feela lethathamo la melao, Vinaya Pitaka le eena
        
    e kenyelletsa lipale tse ka morao ho tšimoloho ea molao ka mong, ho fana ka
        
    tlaleho e qaqileng ea tharollo ea Buddha ea potso ea hore na
        
    ho boloka kutloano pakeng tsa batho kahare moeeng o moholo le o fapaneng
        
    sechaba.
    Sutta Pitaka
        
    The
        
    pokello ea li-suttas, kapa lipuo, tse boleloang ke Buddha le tse ‘maloa
        
    ea barutuoa ba hae ba haufi, ba nang le lithuto tsohle tsa motheo tsa
        
    Buddhism ea Theravada. (Liphetolelo tse fetang sekete tsa sutta li
        
    e fumanehang mocheng ona oa marang-rang.) Li-suttas li arotsoe ka li-nikayas tse hlano (likoleke):

            Digha Nikaya - “pokello e telele”
            
    Majjhima Nikaya - “pokello ea bolelele ba bohareng”
            
    Samyutta Nikaya - “pokello ea sehlopha”
            
    Anguttara Nikaya - “pokello e tsoetseng pele”
            
    Khuddaka Nikaya - “pokello ea litemana tse nyenyane”:
                
    Khuddakapatha
                
    Dhammapada
                
    Udana
                
    Itivuttaka
                
    Sutta Nipata
                
    Vimanavatthu
                
    Petavatthu
                
    Theragatha
                
    Therigatha
                
    Jataka
                
    Niddesa
                
    Patisambhidamagga
                
    Apadana
                
    Buddhavamsa
                
    Cariyapitaka
                
    Nettippakarana (e kenyelletsong feela ka khatiso ea Burmese ea Tipitaka)
                
    Petakopadesa (”")
                
    Milindapañha (”")

    Abhidhamma Pitaka
        
    The
        
    pokello ea litemana tse nang le lithuto tsa motheo
        
    e hlahisitsoeng Sutta Pitaka e tsosolosoa hape hape e hlophiselitsoe hape
        
    moralo o hlophisitsoeng o ka sebelisoang ho patlisiso ho
        
    mofuta oa kelello le taba.

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