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𝓛𝓔𝓱𝓱𝓞𝓝 4037 Wed 21 đ“™đ“Ÿđ“” 2021 Friends https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wbDNlTXatp4 30) Classical English,Roman, 𝓓𝓾 𝓖𝓾𝓾𝓭 đ“Ÿđ“Ÿđ“»đ“Č𝓯𝔂 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­ đ“đ“œđ“œđ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Źđ“žđ“¶đ“ź đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“Œđ“œ đ“˜đ“”đ“”đ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ - đ“‘đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Ș. 𝓖đ“Č𝓿𝓼 đ“Ș 𝓜đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œđ“źđ“­ 𝓒đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“œđ“ž 8800662528 đ“Żđ“žđ“» 𝓡𝓼𝓰đ“Čđ“Œđ“œđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“· đ“œđ“ž đ“«đ“ź đ“čđ“Șđ“»đ“œ 𝓾𝓯 đ“”đ“Șđ“»đ“°đ“źđ“Œđ“œ đ“šđ“Ÿđ“Œđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“»đ“Ș 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 đ“»đ“źđ“Źđ“”đ“Čđ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“° 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“Žđ“źđ“·đ“źđ“­ đ“žđ“·đ“ź 𝔀đ“Čđ“œđ“± 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“»đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ đ“€đ“·đ“Čđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Œđ“ź đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“Šđ“źđ“”đ“Żđ“Șđ“»đ“ź, 𝓗đ“Șđ“čđ“čđ“Čđ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓟𝓼đ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“Șđ“”đ“” 𝓱𝓾𝓬đ“Čđ“źđ“œđ“Čđ“źđ“Œ đ“«đ”‚ 3-12-2021 đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“źđ“¶ đ“œđ“ž đ“Șđ“œđ“œđ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“źđ“Čđ“» 𝓕đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“” 𝓖𝓾đ“Șđ“” đ“đ“Źđ“Źđ“žđ“»đ“­đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“œđ“ž đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“€đ“·đ“Čđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Œđ“Čđ“œđ”‚ 𝓾𝓯 𝓱đ“Čđ“·đ“°đ“Șđ“čđ“žđ“»đ“ź đ“Œđ“Ÿđ“»đ“żđ“źđ”‚/đ“»đ“źđ“żđ“Č𝓼𝔀 đ“«đ“Șđ“Œđ“źđ“­ đ“žđ“· 131 đ“Źđ“žđ“Ÿđ“·đ“œđ“»đ“Čđ“źđ“Œ. đ“•đ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ“™đ“Ÿđ“·đ“ź 18, đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“”đ“­ 𝔀đ“Čđ“”đ“” đ“«đ“ź 100% đ“Żđ“»đ“źđ“ź đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“±đ“Șđ“čđ“č𝔂 đ“Żđ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ““đ“źđ“Źđ“źđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“» 8đ“œđ“±. đ“Łđ“±đ“źđ“Čđ“» đ“čđ“»đ“źđ“­đ“Čđ“Źđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Œ đ“Șđ“«đ“žđ“Ÿđ“œ đ“˜đ“œđ“Șđ“”đ”‚ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓱đ“čđ“Șđ“Čđ“· 𝓯đ“Čđ“œ 𝓼𝔁đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“”đ”‚. đ“Łđ“±đ“ź đ“Œđ“Źđ“Čđ“źđ“·đ“Źđ“ź đ“«đ“źđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“­ đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“·đ“źđ”€ đ“œđ“źđ“Źđ“±đ“·đ“Čđ“șđ“Ÿđ“ź đ“Čđ“·đ“żđ“žđ“”đ“żđ“źđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“¶đ“žđ“”đ“źđ“Źđ“Ÿđ“”đ“ź 𝓝đ“Čđ“Źđ“žđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“¶đ“Č𝓭𝓼 đ“đ“­đ“źđ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“ź 𝓓đ“Čđ“·đ“Ÿđ“Źđ“”đ“źđ“žđ“œđ“Č𝓭𝓼 (𝓝𝓐𝓓), đ”€đ“±đ“Čđ“Źđ“± đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ”‚đ“Œ đ“Ș đ“»đ“žđ“”đ“ź đ“Čđ“· đ“°đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“°đ”‚ đ“Čđ“· đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“±đ“Ÿđ“¶đ“Șđ“· đ“«đ“žđ“­đ”‚. đ“ąđ“œđ“Ÿđ“·đ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“Č-đ“Ș𝓰𝓼đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“«đ“»đ“źđ“Șđ“Žđ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“± đ“Źđ“žđ“Ÿđ“”đ“­ đ“Œđ“źđ“ź đ“±đ“Ÿđ“¶đ“Șđ“·đ“Œ đ“”đ“Č𝓿𝓼 đ“œđ“ž 150 đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“»đ“źđ“°đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“ź đ“žđ“»đ“°đ“Șđ“·đ“Œ â€˜đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“čđ“»đ“Č𝓬𝓼 𝓾𝓯 đ“Ș 𝓬𝓾𝓯𝓯𝓼𝓼 đ“Ș 𝓭đ“Ș𝔂’ 𝓔-đ“«đ“žđ“žđ“Ž-𝓓𝓞 𝓖𝓞𝓞𝓓 đ“Ÿđ“€đ“Ąđ“˜đ“•đ“š 𝓜𝓘𝓝𝓓 𝓐𝓣𝓣𝓐𝓘𝓝 𝓔𝓣𝓔𝓡𝓝𝓐𝓛 𝓑𝓛𝓘𝓱𝓱 đ“Żđ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ“šđ“Ÿđ“Œđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“»đ“Ș 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 đ“‘đ“—đ“€đ“œđ“˜ 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Ș 18đ“Żđ“œ 𝓓đ“Čđ“Ș. đ“Ș 3𝓓 360 đ“­đ“źđ“°đ“»đ“źđ“ź 𝓬đ“Čđ“»đ“Źđ“Ÿđ“”đ“Șđ“» 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Ș đ“Șđ“œ đ“Šđ“±đ“Čđ“œđ“ź đ“—đ“žđ“¶đ“ź, 668 5đ“œđ“± 𝓐 𝓜đ“Șđ“Čđ“· 𝓡𝓾đ“Ș𝓭, 8đ“œđ“± đ“’đ“»đ“žđ“Œđ“Œ, 𝓗𝓐𝓛 𝓘𝓘𝓘 đ“ąđ“œđ“Ș𝓰𝓼, đ“Ÿđ“Ÿđ“·đ“Č𝔂đ“Ș đ“‘đ“—đ“€đ“œđ“˜ đ“‘đ“źđ“·đ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Ÿ, 𝓜đ“Ș𝓰đ“Șđ“­đ“±đ“Č 𝓚đ“Șđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Ș𝓮đ“Ș, đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“«đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“‘đ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“œ đ“˜đ“·đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“±đ“œđ“œđ“č://đ“Œđ“Șđ“»đ“żđ“Ș𝓳đ“Șđ“·.đ“Șđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“­đ“Žđ“Șđ“».đ“žđ“»đ“° đ“«đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Șđ“Œđ“Șđ“Č𝓭2đ“Ÿđ“Œ@đ“°đ“¶đ“Șđ“Čđ“”.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶ đ“łđ“Źđ“Œ4đ“źđ“żđ“źđ“»@đ“žđ“Ÿđ“œđ“”đ“žđ“žđ“Ž.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶ đ“łđ“Źđ“±đ“Șđ“·đ“­đ“»đ“Șđ“Œđ“źđ“Žđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“·@𝔂đ“Șđ“±đ“žđ“ž.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶ 080-25203792 9449260443 9449835875 𝔀đ“Čđ“Œđ“±đ“źđ“Œ đ“œđ“ž đ“«đ“ź đ“Ș đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“Žđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“čđ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“·đ“źđ“» 𝔀đ“Čđ“œđ“± đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“‘đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Čđ“Œđ“œ đ“˜đ“·đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“œđ“źđ“¶đ“čđ“”đ“źđ“Œ, đ“œđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“Œđ“œđ“źđ“»đ“Čđ“źđ“Œ, đ“„đ“Čđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“Œ, 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Șđ“Œ. đ“•đ“žđ“» đ“čđ“»đ“žđ“čđ“Ș𝓰đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“± đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“»đ“Ș𝔀 đ“„đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“· đ“‘đ“»đ“žđ“Źđ“Źđ“žđ“”đ“Č, đ“č𝓼đ“čđ“čđ“źđ“»đ“Œ, đ“Źđ“Ÿđ“Źđ“Ÿđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“»đ“Œ, 𝓬đ“Șđ“»đ“»đ“žđ“œđ“Œ, đ“«đ“źđ“Șđ“·đ“Œ đ“żđ“źđ“°đ“źđ“œđ“Șđ“«đ“”đ“źđ“Œ, 𝓓𝔀đ“Șđ“»đ“Ż đ“Żđ“»đ“Ÿđ“Čđ“œ 🍎 🍉 đ“œđ“»đ“źđ“źđ“Œ đ“Čđ“· đ“čđ“žđ“œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“”đ“­ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Čđ“· 𝓱đ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“œđ“ž 𝓼đ“Șđ“œ đ“”đ“Č𝓮𝓼 đ“«đ“Čđ“»đ“­đ“Œ đ“Șđ“Œ đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“·đ“źđ“­ đ“«đ”‚ 𝓝𝓐𝓱𝓐, đ“‘đ“»đ“Čđ“œđ“Čđ“Œđ“± đ“«đ“Čđ“”đ“”đ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“Čđ“»đ“ź 𝓡đ“Čđ“Źđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“­ đ“‘đ“»đ“Șđ“·đ“Œđ“žđ“· đ“Żđ“”đ“źđ”€ đ“Čđ“·đ“œđ“ž đ“Œđ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Șđ“«đ“žđ“Șđ“»đ“­ đ“Ș đ“„đ“Čđ“»đ“°đ“Čđ“· 𝓖đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“Č𝓬 đ“żđ“źđ“Œđ“Œđ“źđ“” đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓙𝓼𝓯𝓯 đ“‘đ“źđ”ƒđ“žđ“Œ. đ“”đ“·đ“œđ“Čđ“»đ“ź 𝓔đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“± đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓱đ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Șđ“»đ“ź đ“đ“¶đ“Ÿđ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“ąđ“€đ“Ąđ“đ“‘đ“˜ 𝓾𝓯 𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Č. đ“đ“Œđ“±đ“žđ“Žđ“Ș đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“źđ“­ đ“Żđ“»đ“Ÿđ“Čđ“œ đ“«đ“źđ“Șđ“»đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“œđ“»đ“źđ“źđ“Œ đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“» đ“±đ“Čđ“Œ đ“źđ“¶đ“čđ“Čđ“»đ“ź. 𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Č 𝓯𝓼𝓭 đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“čđ“žđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“± đ“đ“¶đ“Ÿđ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“ąđ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“«đ“±đ“Č . đ“đ“”đ“Œđ“ž đ“œđ“ž đ“œđ“»đ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“č𝓼𝓾đ“čđ“”đ“ź đ“žđ“· 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­đ“Żđ“Ÿđ“” 𝓱𝔀đ“Čđ“¶đ“¶đ“Čđ“·đ“°, đ“Łđ“±đ“Șđ“Č đ“’đ“±đ“Č, 𝓚đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“»đ“Č đ“đ“»đ“œđ“Œ, đ“™đ“Ÿđ“­đ“ž, 𝓚đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“ź, đ“šđ“Ÿđ“·đ“° đ“•đ“Ÿ đ“¶đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“Čđ“Șđ“” đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“Œ. đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“Č𝓬𝓼 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­đ“Żđ“Ÿđ“” 𝓱𝔀đ“Čđ“¶đ“¶đ“Čđ“·đ“° - đ“„đ“Čđ“¶đ“Șđ“”đ“ž 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“Žđ“źđ“·đ“źđ“­ đ“đ“Œđ“±đ“žđ“Žđ“Ș 𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Č đ“•đ“źđ“”đ“”đ“žđ”€.
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𝓛𝓔𝓱𝓱𝓞𝓝 4037  Wed 21 đ“™đ“Ÿđ“” 2021

Friends

30) Classical English,Roman,

𝓓𝓾 𝓖𝓾𝓾𝓭 đ“Ÿđ“Ÿđ“»đ“Č𝓯𝔂 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­ đ“đ“œđ“œđ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ
đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Źđ“žđ“¶đ“ź đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“Œđ“œ đ“˜đ“”đ“”đ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ - đ“‘đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Ș.
𝓖đ“Č𝓿𝓼
đ“Ș 𝓜đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œđ“źđ“­ 𝓒đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“œđ“ž 8800662528 đ“Żđ“žđ“»
𝓡𝓼𝓰đ“Čđ“Œđ“œđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“· đ“œđ“ž đ“«đ“ź đ“čđ“Șđ“»đ“œ 𝓾𝓯 đ“”đ“Șđ“»đ“°đ“źđ“Œđ“œ
đ“šđ“Ÿđ“Œđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“»đ“Ș 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 đ“»đ“źđ“Źđ“”đ“Čđ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“° 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“Žđ“źđ“·đ“źđ“­
đ“žđ“·đ“ź 𝔀đ“Čđ“œđ“± 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“»đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ đ“€đ“·đ“Čđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Œđ“ź đ“Żđ“žđ“»
đ“Šđ“źđ“”đ“Żđ“Șđ“»đ“ź, 𝓗đ“Șđ“čđ“čđ“Čđ“·đ“źđ“Œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓟𝓼đ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“Șđ“”đ“”
𝓱𝓾𝓬đ“Čđ“źđ“œđ“Čđ“źđ“Œ đ“«đ”‚ 3-12-2021 đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“źđ“¶ đ“œđ“ž
đ“Șđ“œđ“œđ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“źđ“Čđ“» 𝓕đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“”
𝓖𝓾đ“Șđ“”
đ“đ“Źđ“Źđ“žđ“»đ“­đ“Čđ“·đ“°
đ“œđ“ž đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“€đ“·đ“Čđ“żđ“źđ“»đ“Œđ“Čđ“œđ”‚ 𝓾𝓯 𝓱đ“Čđ“·đ“°đ“Șđ“čđ“žđ“»đ“ź
đ“Œđ“Ÿđ“»đ“żđ“źđ”‚/đ“»đ“źđ“żđ“Č𝓼𝔀 đ“«đ“Șđ“Œđ“źđ“­ đ“žđ“· 131 đ“Źđ“žđ“Ÿđ“·đ“œđ“»đ“Čđ“źđ“Œ.
đ“•đ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ“™đ“Ÿđ“·đ“ź 18, đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“”đ“­ 𝔀đ“Čđ“”đ“” đ“«đ“ź 100% đ“Żđ“»đ“źđ“ź đ“Șđ“·đ“­
đ“±đ“Șđ“čđ“č𝔂 đ“Żđ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ““đ“źđ“Źđ“źđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“» 8đ“œđ“±. đ“Łđ“±đ“źđ“Čđ“»
đ“čđ“»đ“źđ“­đ“Čđ“Źđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Œ đ“Șđ“«đ“žđ“Ÿđ“œ đ“˜đ“œđ“Șđ“”đ”‚ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓱đ“čđ“Șđ“Čđ“· 𝓯đ“Čđ“œ
𝓼𝔁đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“”đ”‚.
đ“Łđ“±đ“ź
đ“Œđ“Źđ“Čđ“źđ“·đ“Źđ“ź đ“«đ“źđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“­ đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“·đ“źđ”€ đ“œđ“źđ“Źđ“±đ“·đ“Čđ“șđ“Ÿđ“ź
đ“Čđ“·đ“żđ“žđ“”đ“żđ“źđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“¶đ“žđ“”đ“źđ“Źđ“Ÿđ“”đ“ź 𝓝đ“Čđ“Źđ“žđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“¶đ“Č𝓭𝓼
đ“đ“­đ“źđ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“ź 𝓓đ“Čđ“·đ“Ÿđ“Źđ“”đ“źđ“žđ“œđ“Č𝓭𝓼 (𝓝𝓐𝓓), đ”€đ“±đ“Čđ“Źđ“± đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ”‚đ“Œ
đ“Ș đ“»đ“žđ“”đ“ź đ“Čđ“· đ“°đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“°đ”‚ đ“Čđ“· đ“œđ“±đ“ź
đ“±đ“Ÿđ“¶đ“Șđ“· đ“«đ“žđ“­đ”‚. đ“ąđ“œđ“Ÿđ“·đ“·đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“Č-đ“Ș𝓰𝓼đ“Čđ“·đ“°
đ“«đ“»đ“źđ“Șđ“Žđ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“± đ“Źđ“žđ“Ÿđ“”đ“­ đ“Œđ“źđ“ź đ“±đ“Ÿđ“¶đ“Șđ“·đ“Œ đ“”đ“Č𝓿𝓼 đ“œđ“ž
150 đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“»đ“źđ“°đ“źđ“·đ“źđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“ź đ“žđ“»đ“°đ“Șđ“·đ“Œ â€˜đ“Żđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“čđ“»đ“Č𝓬𝓼
𝓾𝓯 đ“Ș 𝓬𝓾𝓯𝓯𝓼𝓼 đ“Ș 𝓭đ“Ș𝔂’
𝓔-đ“«đ“žđ“žđ“Ž-𝓓𝓞
𝓖𝓞𝓞𝓓 đ“Ÿđ“€đ“Ąđ“˜đ“•đ“š 𝓜𝓘𝓝𝓓 𝓐𝓣𝓣𝓐𝓘𝓝 𝓔𝓣𝓔𝓡𝓝𝓐𝓛 𝓑𝓛𝓘𝓱𝓱
đ“Żđ“»đ“žđ“¶ đ“šđ“Ÿđ“Œđ“±đ“Čđ“·đ“Șđ“»đ“Ș 𝓝𝓘𝓑𝓑Ā𝓝𝓐 đ“‘đ“—đ“€đ“œđ“˜ 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Ș 18đ“Żđ“œ
𝓓đ“Čđ“Ș. đ“Ș 3𝓓 360 đ“­đ“źđ“°đ“»đ“źđ“ź 𝓬đ“Čđ“»đ“Źđ“Ÿđ“”đ“Șđ“» 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Ș đ“Șđ“œ
đ“Šđ“±đ“Čđ“œđ“ź đ“—đ“žđ“¶đ“ź, 668 5đ“œđ“± 𝓐 𝓜đ“Șđ“Čđ“· 𝓡𝓾đ“Ș𝓭, 8đ“œđ“± đ“’đ“»đ“žđ“Œđ“Œ,
𝓗𝓐𝓛 𝓘𝓘𝓘 đ“ąđ“œđ“Ș𝓰𝓼, đ“Ÿđ“Ÿđ“·đ“Č𝔂đ“Ș đ“‘đ“—đ“€đ“œđ“˜ đ“‘đ“źđ“·đ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Ÿ,
𝓜đ“Ș𝓰đ“Șđ“­đ“±đ“Č 𝓚đ“Șđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Ș𝓮đ“Ș, đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“«đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“‘đ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“œ
đ“˜đ“·đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“”
đ“±đ“œđ“œđ“č://đ“Œđ“Șđ“»đ“żđ“Ș𝓳đ“Șđ“·.đ“Șđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“­đ“Žđ“Șđ“».đ“žđ“»đ“°
đ“«đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Șđ“Œđ“Șđ“Č𝓭2đ“Ÿđ“Œ@đ“°đ“¶đ“Șđ“Čđ“”.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶
đ“łđ“Źđ“Œ4đ“źđ“żđ“źđ“»@đ“žđ“Ÿđ“œđ“”đ“žđ“žđ“Ž.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶
đ“łđ“Źđ“±đ“Șđ“·đ“­đ“»đ“Șđ“Œđ“źđ“Žđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“·@𝔂đ“Șđ“±đ“žđ“ž.đ“Źđ“žđ“¶
080-25203792
9449260443
9449835875
𝔀đ“Čđ“Œđ“±đ“źđ“Œ
đ“œđ“ž đ“«đ“ź đ“Ș đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“Žđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“čđ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“·đ“źđ“» 𝔀đ“Čđ“œđ“± đ“Șđ“”đ“”
đ“‘đ“Ÿđ“­đ“­đ“±đ“Čđ“Œđ“œ đ“˜đ“·đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“œđ“źđ“¶đ“čđ“”đ“źđ“Œ,
đ“œđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“Œđ“œđ“źđ“»đ“Čđ“źđ“Œ, đ“„đ“Čđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“Œ, 𝓟đ“Ș𝓰𝓾𝓭đ“Șđ“Œ.
đ“•đ“žđ“»
đ“čđ“»đ“žđ“čđ“Ș𝓰đ“Șđ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“”đ“œđ“źđ“»đ“·đ“Șđ“” đ“‘đ“”đ“Čđ“Œđ“Œ đ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“±
đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“»đ“Ș𝔀 đ“„đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“· đ“‘đ“»đ“žđ“Źđ“Źđ“žđ“”đ“Č, đ“č𝓼đ“čđ“čđ“źđ“»đ“Œ,
đ“Źđ“Ÿđ“Źđ“Ÿđ“¶đ“«đ“źđ“»đ“Œ, 𝓬đ“Șđ“»đ“»đ“žđ“œđ“Œ, đ“«đ“źđ“Șđ“·đ“Œ đ“żđ“źđ“°đ“źđ“œđ“Șđ“«đ“”đ“źđ“Œ,
𝓓𝔀đ“Șđ“»đ“Ż đ“Żđ“»đ“Ÿđ“Čđ“œ 🍎 🍉
đ“œđ“»đ“źđ“źđ“Œ đ“Čđ“· đ“čđ“žđ“œđ“Œ đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ”€đ“žđ“»đ“”đ“­
đ“Șđ“·đ“­ đ“Čđ“· 𝓱đ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“œđ“ž 𝓼đ“Șđ“œ đ“”đ“Č𝓮𝓼 đ“«đ“Čđ“»đ“­đ“Œ đ“Șđ“Œ
đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“·đ“źđ“­ đ“«đ”‚ 𝓝𝓐𝓱𝓐, đ“‘đ“»đ“Čđ“œđ“Čđ“Œđ“± đ“«đ“Čđ“”đ“”đ“Čđ“žđ“·đ“Șđ“Čđ“»đ“ź
𝓡đ“Čđ“Źđ“±đ“Șđ“»đ“­ đ“‘đ“»đ“Șđ“·đ“Œđ“žđ“· đ“Żđ“”đ“źđ”€ đ“Čđ“·đ“œđ“ž đ“Œđ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Șđ“«đ“žđ“Șđ“»đ“­
đ“Ș đ“„đ“Čđ“»đ“°đ“Čđ“· 𝓖đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“Č𝓬 đ“żđ“źđ“Œđ“Œđ“źđ“” đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓙𝓼𝓯𝓯
đ“‘đ“źđ”ƒđ“žđ“Œ.
đ“”đ“·đ“œđ“Čđ“»đ“ź
𝓔đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“± đ“Șđ“·đ“­ 𝓱đ“čđ“Ș𝓬𝓼 đ“Șđ“»đ“ź đ“đ“¶đ“Ÿđ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“ąđ“€đ“Ąđ“đ“‘đ“˜ 𝓾𝓯
𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Č. đ“đ“Œđ“±đ“žđ“Žđ“Ș đ“čđ“”đ“Șđ“·đ“œđ“źđ“­ đ“Żđ“»đ“Ÿđ“Čđ“œ
đ“«đ“źđ“Șđ“»đ“Čđ“·đ“° đ“œđ“»đ“źđ“źđ“Œ đ“Șđ“”đ“” đ“žđ“żđ“źđ“» đ“±đ“Čđ“Œ đ“źđ“¶đ“čđ“Čđ“»đ“ź.
𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“Č 𝓯𝓼𝓭 đ“œđ“±đ“ź đ“čđ“žđ“žđ“» đ“œđ“±đ“»đ“žđ“Ÿđ“°đ“±
đ“đ“¶đ“Ÿđ“­đ“±đ“Ș đ“ąđ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“«đ“±đ“Č .
đ“đ“”đ“Œđ“ž
đ“œđ“ž đ“œđ“»đ“Șđ“Čđ“· đ“č𝓼𝓾đ“čđ“”đ“ź đ“žđ“· 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­đ“Żđ“Ÿđ“” 𝓱𝔀đ“Čđ“¶đ“¶đ“Čđ“·đ“°,
đ“Łđ“±đ“Șđ“Č đ“’đ“±đ“Č, 𝓚đ“Șđ“”đ“Șđ“»đ“Č đ“đ“»đ“œđ“Œ, đ“™đ“Ÿđ“­đ“ž, 𝓚đ“Șđ“»đ“Șđ“œđ“ź, đ“šđ“Ÿđ“·đ“°
đ“•đ“Ÿ đ“¶đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“Čđ“Șđ“” đ“Șđ“»đ“œđ“Œ.
đ“Ÿđ“»đ“Șđ“Źđ“œđ“Č𝓬𝓼 𝓜đ“Čđ“·đ“­đ“Żđ“Ÿđ“” 𝓱𝔀đ“Čđ“¶đ“¶đ“Čđ“·đ“° - đ“„đ“Čđ“¶đ“Șđ“”đ“ž 𝓐𝔀đ“Șđ“Žđ“źđ“·đ“źđ“­ đ“đ“Œđ“±đ“žđ“Žđ“Ș 𝓜đ“Șđ“·đ“Čđ“¶đ“źđ“°đ“Șđ“”đ“Č đ“•đ“źđ“”đ“”đ“žđ”€.

06) Classical Devanagari,Classical Hindi-Devanagari- à€¶à€Ÿà€žà„à€€à„à€°à„€à€Ż à€čà€żà€‚à€Šà„€,

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06) Classical Devanagari,Classical Hindi-Devanagari- à€¶à€Ÿà€žà„à€€à„à€°à„€à€Ż à€čà€żà€‚à€Šà„€,
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à€”à„‡ à€§à€źà„à€ź à€•à„‡ à€źà€Ÿà€°à„à€— à€Șà€° à€šà€Čà„‡à€‚à€—à„‡à„€ à€¶à€żà€Čà„à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€žà„€à€–à„‡ à€”à€° à€•à„à€¶à€Č à€čà„‹à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€šà€Ÿà€€à„‡,
à€šà„ˆà€€à€żà€•à€€à€Ÿ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€…à€šà„à€¶à€Ÿà€žà€żà€€ à€”à€° à€…à€šà„à€›à„€ à€€à€°à€č à€žà„‡ à€–à„‡à€€à„€ à€•à„€ à€œà€Ÿ à€°à€čà„€ à€čà„ˆ, à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€¶à€Źà„à€Šà„‹à€‚
à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€‰à€Șà€čà€Ÿà€° à€Šà€żà€Żà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿ à€°à€čà€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ, à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€à€• à€źà€čà€Ÿà€š à€†à€¶à„€à€°à„à€”à€Ÿà€Š à€čà„ˆ - à€źà€‚à€—à€Čà€Ÿ à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ
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à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€šà€żà€Żà€źà„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€Șà„ƒà€·à„à€ à€­à„‚à€źà€ż à€•à„€ à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚ à€‰à€šà€•à„‡ à€†à€§à„à€Żà€Ÿà€€à„à€źà€żà€• à€źà€čà€€à„à€” à€•à„‹
à€Șà„à€°à€•à€Ÿ à€•à€°à€€à„€ à€čà„ˆà€‚à„€
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à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€čà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€
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à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€Ÿà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ - à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§ à€Šà€°à„à€¶à€š
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à€§à€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€•à„à€•à€Șà€Ÿà€”à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€š à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€”à€żà€·à€Żà„€ à€Šà„‹ à€šà€°à€ź à€žà„€à€źà€Ÿà€à€‚à„€
à€źà€§à„à€Ż à€Șà€„ à€Šà„‹ à€šà€°à€ź à€žà„€à€źà€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€žà„‡ à€…à€Čà€— à€„à€Ÿà„€
à€žà€€à„à€Ż à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€Șà€čà€żà€Żà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€€à„€à€š à€šà€°à€Ł à€”à€° à€Źà€Ÿà€°à€č à€€à€°à„€à€•à„‡à„€
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à€…à€­à€żà€Šà„‡à€¶à€źà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€Ÿà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿ à€Șà€°à€żà€šà€Ż à€”à€° à€Żà€č à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€”à€° à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€€à€•à€Ÿà€ž à€žà„‡ à€…à€Čà€— à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡ à€čà„ˆà„€
à€Șà„ˆà€šà€Ÿà€Ÿà„à€Ÿà„€ (à€Șà€Ÿà€°à€‚à€Șà€°à€żà€•) à€”à€° à€Șà€°à€źà€Ÿà€€à„à€„à€Ÿ (à€…à€Čà„à€Ÿà„€à€źà„‡à€Ÿ) à€§à€Ÿà€źà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€Źà„€à€š à€­à„‡à€Šà„€ à€Șà„ˆà€°à€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€€à„à€„à€Ÿ
CITTTA à€•à„‡ à€”à€żà€¶à„à€Čà„‡à€·à€Ł à€•à„€ à€”à€żà€­à€żà€šà„à€š à€¶à„à€°à„‡à€Łà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚, 89 à€Żà€Ÿ 121 à€°à€Ÿà€œà„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€”à€żà€¶à„à€Čà„‡à€·à€Ł
à€•à€żà€ à€—à€ à€šà„‡à€€à€šà€Ÿ à€šà„‡à€€à€žà€żà€•à€Ÿà€ž à€šà„‡à€€à€šà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€źà€Ÿà€šà€žà€żà€• à€•à€Ÿà€°à€•à„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€—à€ à€š à€•à€°à€€à„€ à€čà„ˆà€‚à„€ Cetasika
à€•à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€ Cetasika à€•à„€ à€šà€Ÿà€° à€”à€żà€¶à„‡à€·à€€à€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Żà€č Citta à€•à„‡ à€à€• à€žà€čà€Żà„‹à€—à„€ à€•à„‡
à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Ż à€•à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€ CITTA (à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ) à€•à„€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„ƒà€€à€ż à€•à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€ Citta à€”à€°
Cetasika Dhammas - Sampayoga à€•à„‹ à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡ à€žà€‚à€Źà€Šà„à€§ à€•à€°à„‡à€‚à„€ à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡ Cetasikas Cittas -
Sahagata à€žà„‡ à€œà„à€Ąà€Œà„‡ à€čà„à€ à€čà„ˆà€‚à„€ à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡ Cetasikas à€à€• Citta à€•à„‡ à€žà€čà€Żà„‹à€—à€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș
à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Ż à€•à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€
à€„à„‡à€°à€Ÿà€”à€Ÿ à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§ à€§à€°à„à€ź à€•à€Ÿ à€‡à€€à€żà€čà€Ÿà€ž
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à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§ à€žà€‚à€žà„à€•à„ƒà€€à€ż à€•à„€ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€€à„à€€à€żà„€
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à€”à€żà€­à€żà€šà„à€š à€­à„‚à€źà€ż à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Șà€Ÿà€ à€œà€Ÿà€šà„‡ à€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‡ à€Šà„ˆà€šà€żà€• à€œà„€à€”à€š à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§ à€žà€‚à€žà„à€•à„ƒà€€à€ż à€•à€Ÿ
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à€„à„‡à€°à€Ÿà€”à€Ÿà€Ąà€Ÿ à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€§à€źà„à€ź à€•à„‡ à€Źà„à€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€Šà„€ à€Șà„à€°à€„à€Ÿà€“à€‚
3 à€°à€€à€Ÿà€š à€•à€Ÿ à€źà€čà€€à„à€”, à€¶à„à€°à€Šà„à€§à€Ÿà€‚à€œà€Čà€ż à€•à€Ÿ à€­à„à€—à€€à€Ÿà€š à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€€à„€à€š à€€à€°à„€à€•à„‡à„€
à€€à„€à€š à€—à„à€šà€Ÿ à€¶à€°à€Ł à€•à„‡ à€‰à€šà„à€šà€€à€ź à€—à„à€Łà„€
à€Źà„à€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€Šà„€ à€…à€”à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€čà€° à€•à€żà€žà„€ à€•à„‹ à€žà€źà€à€šà€Ÿ à€šà€Ÿà€čà€żà€à„€ à€Șà„Œà€·à„à€Ÿà€żà€•, (à€•à„à€žà€Ÿà€Čà€Ÿ),
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à€Šà€ž à€Șà„‚à€°à„à€Łà€€à€Ÿ - à€Șà„ˆà€°à€Ÿà€źà€żà€žà„€
à€•à€Ÿà€ź à€•à„‡ à€źà€čà€€à„à€” à€”à€° à€œà„€à€”à€š à€źà„‡à€‚ à€‡à€žà€•à„‡ à€Șà€°à€żà€Łà€Ÿà€ź à€•à„‹ à€žà€źà€à€šà€Ÿ
à€†à€ź à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿ à€œà€Ș à€”à€° à€‡à€š à€•à€Ÿ à€œà€Ș à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à€Ÿ à€”à€żà€žà„à€€à€Ÿà€°à„€
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à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à€Ÿ à€œà„€à€”à€š
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à€Ÿ à€œà€šà„à€ź à€”à€° à€Șà„à€°à€Ÿà€°à€‚à€­à€żà€• à€œà„€à€”à€š
à€”à€żà€­à€żà€šà„à€š à€Șà„à€°à€Ÿà€°à€‚à€­à€żà€• à€œà„€à€”à€š à€˜à€Ÿà€šà€Ÿà€à€‚ - à€źà€čà€Ÿà€­à€żà€šà€żà€•à€–à€šà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ
à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€žà€‚à€˜à€°à„à€· - 6 à€žà€Ÿà€Č à€•à„€ à€€à€Șà€žà„à€Żà€Ÿ
à€žà„à€”à€°à„à€„à„€à€•à€°à€Ł à€”à€° à€•à€Ÿà€źà„à€• à€­à„‹à€— à€•à„€ à€źà„‚à€Č à€Șà€€à€šà„€
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€žà€‚à€˜à€°à„à€· - à€Źà„‹à€§à„€ à€à€• à€”à€żà€žà„à€€à„ƒà€€ à€…à€§à„à€Żà€Żà€š
à€—à€€à€ż à€źà„‡à€‚ à€žà„à€„à€Ÿà€Șà€żà€€ à€•à€°à€šà€Ÿ à€žà€€à„à€Ż à€•à€Ÿ à€Șà€čà€żà€Żà€Ÿ - à€§à€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€•à„à€•à€Ÿà€Șà€Ÿà€”à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€š
à€§à€źà„à€ź à€•à€Ÿ à€«à„ˆà€Čà€Ÿà€” - à€žà€‚à€˜ à€•à„€ à€žà„à€„à€Ÿà€Șà€šà€Ÿ
à€šà€šà„à€ž à€•à„‡ à€Șà€”à€żà€€à„à€° à€•à„à€°à€ź à€•à€Ÿ à€—à€ à€š - à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à„à€šà€żà€ž
à€źà€čà€Ÿà€š à€šà€żà€§à€š - à€źà€čà€Ÿà€Șà€°à€żà€šà€żà€°à€”à€Ÿà€šà€Ÿà„€
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€­à€Ÿà€·à€Ÿ à€”à€° à€žà€Ÿà€čà€żà€€à„à€Ż
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€•à„ˆà€šà„‹à€šà€żà€•à€Č à€­à€Ÿà€·à€Ÿ à€žà„€à€–à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€•à€°à€Ł
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€­à€Ÿà€·à€Ÿ à€‡à€€à€żà€čà€Ÿà€ž
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€žà€Ÿà€čà€żà€€à„à€Ż
à€Șà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€•à€Ÿà€ź à€•à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€Żà„‹à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ
(à€Șà€Ÿà€‚à€š nik ± yas, à€Żà€Ÿ à€žà€‚à€—à„à€°à€č)
1. D2GHA-NIK ± ya [34 suttas; 3 VAGGAS, à€Żà€Ÿ à€…à€§à„à€Żà€Ÿà€Ż (à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•)]
(1) s2lakkhandavagga-p ± 1/4i (13 à€žà„‚à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
(2) à€à€źà€à€à€š ± à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
(3) à€Șà„€ ± ÎŒikavagga-p ± 1/4i (11 suttas)
2. à€źà€œà€à€żà€źà€Ÿ-à€šà€żà€• ± à€čà€Ÿà€‚ [152 à€žà„‚à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž; 15 VAGGAS; 3 à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•à„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€œà€żà€€,
5 Vaggas à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€•, Paoo ± SA (’à€Șà€šà€Ÿà€žâ€™) à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€œà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ]
(1) m3lapaoo ± ssa-p ± 1/4i (â€™à€°à„‚à€Ÿâ€™ à€Șà€šà€Ÿà€ž)
1. m3lapariy ± Yavagga (10 Suttas)
2. S2han ± Davagga (10 Suttas)
3. Tatiyavagga (10 Suttas)
4. MAH ± YAMAKAVAGGA (10 SUTTAS)
5. C31/4AYAMAKAVAGGA (10 SUTTAS)
(2) majjhimapao ± sa-p ± 1/4i (â€™à€źà€§à„à€Żâ€™ à€Șà€šà€Ÿà€ž)
6. à€—à€čà€Șà€€à€ż-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„‚à€Ÿ)
7. à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à„-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
8. Paribb ± Jaka-Vagga (10 Suttas)
9. à€†à€° ± à€œà€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
10. à€Źà„€à€†à€° ± à€čà€źà€šà€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
(3) uparipaoo ± sa-p ± 1/4i (à€źà€€à€Čà€Ź ‘à€Șà€šà€Ÿà€ž à€žà„‡ à€…à€§à€żà€•â€™)
11. à€Šà„‡à€”à€Šà€čà€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€ž)
12. à€…à€šà„à€Șà€Šà€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„‚à€Ÿ)
13. à€žà„à€šà€Ÿà€Ÿà€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (10 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž)
14. à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€—à€Ÿ-à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ (12 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€ž)
15. SA1/4 ± Yatana-Vagga (10 Suttas)
3. SA1/2YUTTA-NIK ± ya [2,904 (7,762) à€žà„‚à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž; 56 SA1/2YUTAS; 5 VAGGAS; à€…à€Čà€— à€•à€°à€šà€Ÿ
6 à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•à„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚]
(1) SAG ± Thavagga- SA1/2YUTTA-P ± 1/4i (11 SA1/2YUTAS)
(2) NID ± Navagga- SA1/2YUTTA-P ± 1/4i (10 SA1/2YUTAS)
(3) à€–à€‚à€Ąà€Ÿà€”à€—à€—à€Ÿ-à€à€žà€ 1/2YUTTA-P ± 1/4i (13 SA1/2YUTAS)
(4) SA1/4 ± yatanavagga-sa1/2yutta-p ± 1/4i (10 SA1/2YUTAS)
(5) MAH ± VAGGA- SA1/2YUTTA-P ± 1/4i à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź I (6 SA1/2YUTAS)
(6) MAH ± VAGGA-SA1/2YUTTA- P ± 1/4i VOL II (6 SA1/2YUTAS)
4. Aaguttara- nik ± ya [9,557 suttas; IN11 NIP ± TAS, à€Żà€Ÿ à€žà€źà„‚à€č, à€Șà„‚à€°à„€ à€€à€°à€č à€žà„‡ à€”à„à€Żà€”à€žà„à€„à€żà€€
à€žà€‚à€–à„à€Żà€Ÿà€€à„à€źà€• à€°à„‚à€Ș à€žà„‡; à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€šà€żà€Ș ± à€Ÿà„€à€ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€ˆ vaggas à€čà„ˆà€‚; 10 à€Żà€Ÿ à€…à€§à€żà€• à€žà„‚à€Ÿ
à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ; 6 à€•à€żà€€à€Ÿà€Źà„‡à€‚]
(1) eka-duka-tika-nipata-p ± 1/4i (à€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‡, twos, threes)
(2) Catukka- à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (à€šà„Œà€•à€Ÿ)
(3) à€Șà€šà€•à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (à€«à€żà€”à„à€ž)
(4) à€ à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€žà€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€Ÿà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (à€›à€•à„à€•à„‡, à€žà€Ÿà€€)
(5) à€ÎŒÎŒhaka-lavaka-nipata-p ± 1/4i (à€†à€ , à€šà€Ÿà€‡à€š)
(6) à€Šà€Ÿà€žà€•à€Ÿ-à€à€•à€Šà€Ÿà€žà€•à€Ÿ-à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (à€Šà€žà€żà€Żà„‹à€‚, à€—à„à€Żà€Ÿà€°à€č)
5. Khuddaka-nik ± ya [à€›à„‹à€Ÿà„€ à€•à€żà€€à€Ÿà€Źà„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€žà€‚à€—à„à€°à€č, à€à€• à€”à€żà€”à€żà€§ à€‡à€•à€Ÿà„à€ à€Ÿ-
18 à€źà„à€–à„à€Ż à€–à€‚à€Ąà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€†à€ˆà€à€šà€œà„€; à€‡à€žà€źà„‡à€‚ à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž, à€žà€‚à€•à€Čà€š à€¶à€Ÿà€źà€żà€Č à€čà„ˆà€‚
à€žà„ˆà€Šà„à€§à€Ÿà€‚à€€à€żà€• à€šà„‹à€Ÿà„à€ž, à€‡à€€à€żà€čà€Ÿà€ž, à€›à€‚à€Š, à€”à€° à€Ÿà€żà€Șà„à€Șà€Łà„€à€•à€Ÿà€° à€žà€Ÿà€čà€żà€€à„à€Ż à€œà„‹ à€čà„ˆ
TipiÎŒAka à€źà„‡à€‚ à€čà„€ à€¶à€Ÿà€źà€żà€Č à€•à€żà€Żà€Ÿ à€—à€Żà€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€; 12 à€•à€żà€€à€Ÿà€Źà„‡à€‚]
(1) à€•à„à€§à€•à€Ÿà€Ș ± à€„à€Ÿ, à€§à€źà„à€źà€Ÿà€Șà€Ÿà€Ąà€Ÿ à€”à€° à€Żà„‚à€Ąà„€ ± à€šà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i
1. à€•à„à€§à€•à€Ÿà€Ș ± à€„à€Ÿ (à€šà„Œ à€¶à„‰à€°à„à€Ÿ à€«à„‰à€°à„à€źà„‚à€Čà€Ÿ à€”à€° à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž, à€à€• à€Șà„à€°à€¶à€żà€•à„à€·à€Ł à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€żà€•à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€‰à€Șà€Żà„‹à€— à€•à€żà€Żà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€šà„Œà€žà€żà€–à€żà€Żà€Ÿ à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à€ž)
2. à€§à€źà„à€źà€Ÿà€Șà€Ÿà€Ąà€Ÿ (à€Ÿà€żà€Șà€żà€•à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€•à„€ à€žà€­à„€ à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•à„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€žà„‡ à€žà€Źà€žà„‡ à€Șà„à€°à€žà€żà€Šà„à€§; 423 à€•à€Ÿ à€žà€‚à€—à„à€°à€č
26 VAGGAS à€źà„‡à€‚ à€›à€‚à€Š)
3. UD ± NA (8 Vaggas à€źà„‡à€‚, à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡ 80 à€–à„à€¶à€čà€Ÿà€Č à€‰à€šà„à€šà€Ÿà€°à€Ł, à€œà„à€Żà€Ÿà€Šà€Ÿà€€à€° à€›à€‚à€Š à€źà„‡à€‚
à€‰à€š à€Șà€°à€żà€žà„à€„à€żà€€à€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€•à„à€› à€—à€Šà„à€Ż à€–à€Ÿà€€à„‡ à€œà„‹ à€‰à€šà„à€šà€Ÿà€°à€Ł à€•à„‹ à€Șà„à€°à€Ÿà€Șà„à€€ à€•à€°à€€à„‡ à€čà„ˆà€‚)
(2) Itivuttaka, Suttanip ± ta-p ± 1/4i
4. à€‡à€Ÿà€żà€”à„à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ (4 à€à€šà€†à€ˆà€Șà„€ ± à€Ÿà„€à€à€à€ž, 112 à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€ž, à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€¶à„à€°à„à€†à€€, â€œà€†à€ˆà€Ÿà„€à€†à€ˆ à€”à„‚à€Ÿà€Ÿ 1/2 à€­à€—à€”à€€â€ [à€‡à€ž à€Șà„à€°à€•à€Ÿà€° à€„à€Ÿ
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€Šà„à€”à€Ÿà€°à€Ÿ à€•à€čà€Ÿ])
5. Suttanip ± Ta (5 Vaggas; 71 suttas, à€œà„à€Żà€Ÿà€Šà€Ÿà€€à€° à€•à€”à€żà€€à€Ÿ à€źà„‡à€‚; à€‡à€žà€źà„‡à€‚ à€žà€Źà€žà„‡ à€…à€šà„à€›à„‡ à€¶à€Ÿà€źà€żà€Č à€čà„ˆà€‚
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€€, à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Źà€žà„‡ à€Čà„‹à€•à€Șà„à€°à€żà€Ż à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€ž
(3) vim ± navatthu, petavatthu, therag ± th ± ± à€”à€° therig ± th ± -p ± 1/4i
6. vim ± Navatthu (VIM ± Na à€•à€Ÿ à€…à€°à„à€„ à€čà„ˆ à€čà€”à„‡à€Čà„€; 85 à€•à€”à€żà€€à€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ 7 VAGGAS à€źà„‡à€‚ à€…à€§à€żà€šà€żà€Żà€ź
à€žà„à€”à€°à„à€—à„€à€Ż à€•à„à€·à„‡à€€à„à€°à„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Żà„‹à€—à„à€Żà€€à€Ÿ à€”à€° à€Șà„à€šà€°à„à€œà€šà„à€ź)
7. Petavatthu (4 Vaggas, 51 à€•à€”à€żà€€à€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Šà€Żà€šà„€à€Ż à€Șà„à€°à€Ÿà€Łà€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ [à€Șà„‡à€Ÿà€ž] à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Șà„ˆà€Šà€Ÿ à€čà„à€
à€Šà„à€–à„€ à€°à€Ÿà€œà„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€‰à€šà€•à„‡ à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€—à„€à€Ż à€•à„ƒà€€à„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€•à€Ÿà€°à€Ł)
8. à€„à„‡à€°à„ˆà€— ± à€”à„‡à€‚ ± (264 à€žà„‡ à€…à€°à€čà€€à€€à€Ÿ à€•à„€ à€Șà„à€°à€Ÿà€Șà„à€€à€ż à€•à„‡ à€Źà€Ÿà€Š à€–à„à€¶à„€ à€”à€° à€Șà„à€°à€žà€šà„à€šà€€à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€›à€‚à€Š
à€Źà„à€œà„à€°à„à€— à€­à€żà€•à„à€·à„; 107 à€•à€”à€żà€€à€Ÿà€“à€‚, 1,279 à€—à„à€°à€Ÿà€ź ± thas)
9. à€„à„‡à€°à€żà€— ± à€”à„‡à€‚ ± (à€Šà€Șà€° à€•à„‡ à€žà€źà€Ÿà€š, 73 à€Źà„à€œà„à€°à„à€— à€šà€šà„à€ž à€žà„‡; 73 à€•à€”à€żà€€à€Ÿà€“à€‚, 522 à€œà„€ ± à€„à€Ÿà€ž)
(4) à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€źà„€ à€źà„ˆà€‚
(5) à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź II
10. à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ (à€—à„‹à€Ÿà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿ à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€‰à€šà€•à„‡ à€œà€šà„à€ź à€žà„‡ à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€Źà„‹à€Ąà€żà€žà€€à„à€€à€Ÿ à€•à„€ à€œà€šà„à€ź à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚; 547
à€›à€‚à€Šà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚, à€†à€”à€¶à„à€Żà€• à€›à€‚à€Šà„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€žà€‚à€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€…à€šà„à€žà€Ÿà€° à€à€šà€†à€ˆà€Șà„€ ± à€Ÿà„€à€ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€œà€żà€€
à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà„€ à€žà„à€šà€Ÿà€à€‚à„€ à€Șà„‚à€°à„à€Ł à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚ à€”à€Ÿà€žà„à€€à€” à€źà„‡à€‚ à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€Ÿà€żà€Șà„à€Șà€Łà€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€čà„ˆà€‚ à€œà„‹
à€›à€‚à€Šà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€Șà„€à€›à„‡ à€•à„€ à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà„€ à€•à„€ à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€°à„‡à€‚à„€
(6) à€à€źà€à€à€š ± à€šà€żà€Ąà€žà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i
(7) c31/4anidessa-p ± 1/4i
11. à€šà€żà€Ąà€žà€Ÿ (à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Ș ± à€Ÿà„€à€ à€•à„‡ à€Šà„‹ à€–à€‚à€Ąà„‹à€‚ à€Șà€° à€Ÿà€żà€Șà„à€Șà€Łà„€)
MAH ± à€šà€żà€Ąà€žà„‡: 4 à€”à„‡à€‚à€—à€Ÿ à€Șà€° à€Ÿà€żà€Șà„à€Șà€Łà„€
C31/4ANIDESSA: 5 à€”à„‡à€‚ VAGGA à€Șà€° à€Ÿà€żà€Șà„à€Șà€Łà„€ à€”à€°
1 à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€–à€—à€—à€Ÿà€”à€żà€ž ± à€“à€ à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ
(😎 paÎŒisambhid ± Magga-P ± 1/4i
12. PaÎŒisambhid ± Magga (à€à€• à€…à€­à€żà€Šà„à€§à€źà„à€źà€Ÿ à€¶à„ˆà€Čà„€ à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡ à€”à€żà€žà„à€€à„ƒà€€ à€”à€żà€¶à„à€Čà„‡à€·à€Ł
à€¶à€żà€•à„à€·à€Ł, vin ± ya à€”à€° sutta piÎŒakas à€•à„‡ à€žà€­à„€ à€čà€żà€žà„à€žà„‹à€‚ à€žà„‡ à€–à„€à€‚à€šà€Ÿ à€—à€Żà€Ÿ; à€€à„€à€š vaggas,
à€Șà„à€°à€€à„à€Żà„‡à€• à€Żà„à€•à„à€€ à€Šà€ž à€”à€żà€·à€Ż [à€•à€Ÿà€„ ±])
(9) Apad ± NA-P ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€źà„€ à€źà„ˆà€‚
13. Apad ± Na (550 à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à€ž à€”à€° 40 à€­à€żà€–à„à€šà€żà€ž à€•à„‡ à€Șà„‚à€°à„à€” à€œà„€à€”à€š à€•à„‡ à€›à€‚à€Šà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Šà€Ÿà€žà„à€€à€Ÿà€‚)
(10) Apad ± Na, Buddhava1/2sa à€”à€° cariy ± piÎŒaka-p ± 1/4i
14. à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§à€”à€Ÿ 1/2SA (à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§à„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€‡à€€à€żà€čà€Ÿà€ž à€œà€żà€žà€źà„‡à€‚ à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§, à€à€• à€•à„‡ à€œà€”à€Ÿà€Ź à€źà„‡à€‚
à€”à„‡à€š à€žà„‡ à€Șà„à€°à€¶à„à€šà„€ à€žà€°à€żà€Șà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ, à€€à€Șà€žà„à€”à„€ à€žà„à€źà„‡à€§ à€”à€° à€Ąà„€ 2PAAKARA à€•à„€ à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà„€ à€Źà€€à€Ÿà€€à„€ à€čà„ˆ
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€”à€° à€žà€«à€Č 24 à€Źà„Œà€Šà„à€§, à€œà€żà€žà€źà„‡à€‚ à€—à„‹à€Ÿà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿ à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€¶à€Ÿà€źà€żà€Č à€čà„ˆà€‚à„€)
15. à€•à„ˆà€°à„€ ± à€Șà€żà€Żà„‹à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ (à€œà„‡ ± à€€à€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€žà„‡ 35 à€•à€čà€Ÿà€šà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€‚ à€Šà€ž à€Șà„€ ± à€°à„ˆà€ź 2 à€•à„‹ à€šà€żà€€à„à€°à€żà€€ à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„€ à€”à„à€Żà€”à€žà„à€„à€Ÿ à€•à„€ à€—à€ˆ)
(11) à€šà„‡à€Ÿà€żà€Șà€•à€°à€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ, peÎŒakopadesa-p ± 1/4i
16. à€šà„‡à€Ÿà€Șà€żà€Șà€•à€°à€šà€Ÿ (à€›à„‹à€Ÿà„€ à€—à„à€°à€‚à€„ à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€”à€° à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€€à€°à„€à€•à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€žà„‡à€Ÿ à€•à€°à€šà€Ÿ-
à€†à€ˆà€à€šà€œà„€ à€•à„ˆà€šà„‹à€šà€żà€•à€Č à€—à„à€°à€‚à€„)
17. peÎŒakopadesa (à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€”à€° à€”à€żà€žà„à€€à€Ÿà€° à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€€à€°à„€à€•à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€šà€żà€°à„à€§à€Ÿà€°à€żà€€ à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€‰à€Șà€šà€Ÿà€°
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à€Ÿ à€¶à€żà€•à„à€·à€Ł)
(12) à€źà€żà€Čà€żà€‚à€Šà€Ÿà€Șà€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i
18. à€źà€żà€Čà€żà€‚à€Ąà€Ÿ-à€Șà€Ÿà€šà„à€čà€Ÿ (à€°à€Ÿà€œà€Ÿ à€źà€żà€Čà€żà€‚à€Ąà€Ÿ à€Šà„à€”à€Ÿà€°à€Ÿ à€•à€żà€ à€—à€ à€Șà„à€°à€¶à„à€šà„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€à€• à€°à€żà€•à„‰à€°à„à€Ą à€”à€°
à€‰à€€à„à€€à€° à€Šà„à€”à€Ÿà€°à€Ÿ à€‰à€€à„à€€à€°à„€ à€šà€Ÿà€—à€žà„‡à€šà€Ÿ; à€Żà€č à€Źà€čà€ž à€čà„à€ˆ à€žà„€à€à„€ 500 à€žà€Ÿà€Č à€Źà€Ÿà€Š
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ ± Parinibb ± Na à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡)
à€…à€­à€żà€Šà„‡à€¶ à€Șà€żà€Żà„‹à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ
[à€žà€Ÿà€€ à€žà„‡
à€…à€­à€żà€Šà„‡à€¶ à€Șà€żà€Żà„‹à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ
[à€žà€­à„€ à€§à€Ÿà€źà€ž à€•à„‡ à€”à„à€Żà€”à€žà„à€„à€żà€€, à€žà€Ÿà€° à€à€•à„à€žà€Șà„‹à€œà€Œà€żà€¶à€š à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€€ à€–à€‚à€Ą; à€źà„‡à€‚ à€źà„à€Šà„à€°à€żà€€
12 à€•à€żà€€à€Ÿà€Źà„‡à€‚]
1. dhammasaagao2
(dhammas à€•à„€ à€—à€Łà€šà€Ÿ)
(1) dhammasaagao2-p ± 1/4i
2. à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€—à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
(à€­à„à€°à€Ÿà€ź à€•à€Ÿ à€­à„‡à€Š à€Żà€Ÿ à€”à€żà€¶à„à€Čà„‡à€·à€Ł)
(2) à€”à€żà€­à€Ÿà€—à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
3. à€Ąà„€à€à€š ± à€€à„à€•à€Ÿà€„ ±
(à€€à€€à„à€”à„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€šà€°à„à€šà€Ÿ; à€Żà„‡ 1 à€€à„€à€š à€–à€‚à€Ą à€à€• à€€à„à€°à€Żà„€ à€Źà€šà€Ÿà€€à„‡ à€čà„ˆà€‚
à€…à€­à€żà€§à€źà€Ÿ à€•à„‹ à€žà€źà€à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€†à€§à€Ÿà€° à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Șà€šà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ à€šà€Ÿà€čà€żà€)
4. à€Șà€—à€—à€Čà€Ÿà€Șà€šà€Ÿà€Ÿà„à€Ÿà„€
(à€”à„à€Żà€•à„à€€à€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€Șà€Šà€šà€Ÿà€ź; à€Šà€ž à€…à€§à„à€Żà€Ÿà€Ż: à€à€•à€Č à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€Șà€čà€Čà€Ÿ à€”à„à€Żà€”à€čà€Ÿà€°
à€”à„à€Żà€•à„à€€à€żà€Żà„‹à€‚, à€œà„‹à€Ąà€Œà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€Šà„‚à€žà€°à€Ÿ, à€€à„€à€š à€žà€źà„‚à€čà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€€à„€à€žà€°à€Ÿ, à€†à€Šà€ż
(3) à€Ąà„€à€à€š ± à€€à„à€•à€Ÿà€„ ±-à€Șà„à€—à€—à€Čà€Ÿà€Șà€šà€šà€Ÿà„à€Ÿà„€-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
5. à€•à„ˆà€„ ± à€”à„ˆà€Ÿà€„à„-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
(à€”à€żà€”à€Ÿà€Š à€Żà€Ÿ à€—à€Čà€€ à€Šà„ƒà€¶à„à€Ż à€•à„‡ à€Źà€żà€‚à€Šà„; à€…à€‚à€•à€żà€€ à€…à€‚à€• à€”à€° à€šà€°à„à€šà€Ÿ à€•à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€Șà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ à€źà„‡à€‚, à€…à€‚à€•à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€¶à€Ÿà€žà€šà€•à€Ÿà€Č à€•à„‡ à€žà€źà€Ż à€†à€Żà„‹à€œà€żà€€ à€€à„€à€žà€°à„€ à€Șà€°à€żà€·à€Š à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Źà€žà„‡)
(4) à€•à„ˆà€„ ± à€”à„ˆà€Ÿà€„à„-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
6. à€Żà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42
(à€œà„‹à€Ąà€Œà„‡ à€•à„€ à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•; ambi à€•à„‹ à€čà€Č à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€Żà„à€—à„à€źà€żà€€, à€”à€żà€°à„‹à€§à„€ à€žà€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‹à€‚ à€•à€Ÿ à€‰à€Șà€Żà„‹à€—
à€…à€”à€żà€¶à„à€”à€žà€šà„€à€Żà€€à€Ÿ à€”à€° à€€à€•à€šà„€à€•à„€ à€¶à€°à„à€€à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà„€à€• à€‰à€Șà€Żà„‹à€— à€•à„‹ à€Șà€°à€żà€­à€Ÿà€·à€żà€€ à€•à€°à„‡à€‚)
(5) à€Żà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź I
(6) à€Żà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź II
(7) à€Żà€Ÿà€źà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/42, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź III
7. PaicΌh ± Na
(à€žà€‚à€Źà€‚à€§à„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€•; 24 à€žà€¶à€°à„à€€ à€•à„€ à€à€• à€Żà„‹à€œà€šà€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿ à€”à€żà€žà„à€€à€Ÿà€°
à€žà€‚à€Źà€‚à€§ [paccaya] à€œà„‹ à€žà€źà€à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€à€• à€Șà„‚à€°à„à€Ł à€Șà„à€°à€Łà€Ÿà€Čà„€ à€Źà€šà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€§à€źà„à€ź à€•à„‡ à€Șà„‚à€°à„‡ à€Źà„à€°à€čà„à€źà€Ÿà€‚à€Ą à€•à„‡ à€Żà€Ÿà€‚à€€à„à€°à€żà€•à„€)
(😎 PaicÎŒh ± NA-P ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź I
(9) PaicÎŒh ± NA-P ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź II
(10) PaicΌh ± NA-P ± 1/4i, VOL III
(11) PaicÎŒh ± NA-P ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Č iv
(12) paicÎŒh ± na-p ± 1/4i, à€”à„‰à€Čà„à€Żà„‚à€ź à€”à„€
(1) à€Șà„€ ± à€†à€° ± jika-p ± 1/4i à€­à€żà€•à„à€•à„
à€Șà„€ ± à€†à€° ± à€œà€żà€• ± (à€šà€żà€·à„à€•à€Ÿà€žà€š) 4
Saaghadises ± (à€žà€‚à€˜ à€•à„€ à€Źà„ˆà€ à€•à„‡à€‚) 13
Aniyat ± (à€…à€šà€żà€¶à„à€šà€żà€€à€•à€Ÿà€Čà„€à€š) 2
Nissagiy ± p ± cittiy ± (à€œà€Źà„à€€ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€”à„à€Żà€Ż) 30
(2) à€Șà„€ ± cittiya-p ± 1/4i
à€žà„à€§à€Ÿ à€Șà„€ ± cittiy ± (à€žà€Ÿà€§à€Ÿà€°à€Ł à€”à„à€Żà€Ż) 92
à€Șà„€ ± tidesaniy ± (à€žà„à€”à„€à€•à€Ÿà€°à„‹à€•à„à€€à€ż à€Șà„à€š: à€­à€żà€•à„à€·à€Ÿ à€­à„‹à€œà€š) 4
Sekhiya (à€žà€‚à€Źà€‚à€§à€żà€€ à€¶à€żà€·à„à€Ÿà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿà€° à€”à€° à€žà€œà€Ÿà€”à€Ÿ) 75
Adhikaraoasamath ± (à€•à€Ÿà€šà„‚à€šà„€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„à€°à€żà€Żà€Ÿ) 7
(à€­à€żà€•à„à€•à„à€šà„€ à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€šà€żà€Żà€źà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€šà€żà€·à„à€•à€°à„à€·) ______
227
à€­à€żà€–à„à€šà„€
8
17
0
30
166
8
75
7
______
311
2. à€–à€Ÿà€‚à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ [à€šà€żà€Żà€źà„‹à€‚ à€”à€° à€Șà„à€°à€•à„à€°à€żà€Żà€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€•à„€ à€Šà„‹ à€•à€żà€€à€Ÿà€Źà„‡à€‚]
(3) à€à€źà€à€à€š ± à€”à€Ÿà€—à„à€—à€Ÿ-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i (10 à€”à€°à„à€— [à€–à€‚à€Ąà€čà€Ÿà€–]; à€•à„‡ à€à€€à€żà€čà€Ÿà€žà€żà€• à€–à€Ÿà€€à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€¶à„à€°à„‚ à€čà„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€Źà„à€Šà„à€§ à€•à„‡ à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š, à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€”à„à€Żà€Ÿà€–à„à€Żà€Ÿà€š à€”à€° à€žà€‚à€˜ à€•à„€ à€¶à„à€°à„à€†à€€à„€ à€”à„ƒà€Šà„à€§à€ż;
à€žà€‚à€—à€ à„‡ à€•à„‡ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€šà€żà€Żà€‚à€€à„à€°à€żà€€ à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‡ à€šà€żà€źà„à€šà€Čà€żà€–à€żà€€ à€šà€żà€Żà€źà„‹à€‚ à€•à„€ à€°à„‚à€Șà€°à„‡à€–à€Ÿ:
1. à€†à€Šà„‡à€¶ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Șà„à€°à€”à„‡à€¶ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź (UPASAMPAD ±)
2. UPOSATHA à€Źà„ˆà€ à€• à€”à€° à€Șà„€ ± à€€à€żà€źà„‹à€•à€–à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€Șà„à€šà€°à€Ÿà€”à„ƒà€€à„à€€à€ż
3. à€Źà€°à€žà€Ÿà€€ à€•à„‡ à€źà„Œà€žà€ź (à€”à€Ÿà€ž) à€•à„‡ à€Šà„Œà€°à€Ÿà€š à€šà€żà€”à€Ÿà€ž
4. à€žà€źà€Ÿà€°à„‹à€č à€šà„‡ à€”à€Ÿà€ž à€•à„‹ à€žà€źà€Ÿà€Șà€š à€•à€żà€Żà€Ÿ, à€œà€żà€žà„‡ à€Șà„€à€à€”à„€ ± à€°à€Ÿà€” ± à€•à€čà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
5. à€Șà„‹à€¶à€Ÿà€• à€”à€° à€«à€°à„à€šà„€à€šà€° à€•à„‡ à€Čà„‡à€–à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź
6. à€šà€żà€•à€żà€€à„à€žà€Ÿ à€”à€° à€­à„‹à€œà€š
7. à€°à„‰à€Źà„à€ž à€•à€Ÿ à€”à€Ÿà€°à„à€·à€żà€• à€”à€żà€€à€°à€Ł (à€•à€Ÿà€Żà„‹à€Čà€żà€šà€Ÿ)
8. à€Źà„€à€źà€Ÿà€° à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à€ž, à€žà„à€Čà„€à€Șà€żà€‚à€— à€”à€° à€Źà€Ÿà€—à„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€źà€—à„à€°à„€ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź
9. à€žà€‚à€˜ à€•à„€ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Żà€”à€Ÿà€čà„€ à€šà€żà€·à„à€Șà€Ÿà€Šà€š à€•à€Ÿ à€€à€°à„€à€•à€Ÿ
10. à€¶à€żà€œà€š à€•à„‡ à€źà€Ÿà€źà€Čà„‹à€‚ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Żà€”à€Ÿà€čà„€
(4) C31/4AVAGGA-P ± 1/4i (à€Żà€Ÿ CULLAVAGGA) (12 à€–à€‚à€Ąà€Ÿà€• à€†à€—à„‡ à€•à„‡ à€šà€żà€Żà€źà„‹à€‚ à€žà„‡ à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€šà„‡ à€”à€° à€Șà„à€°à„‹à€žà„‡à€ž-
à€žà€‚à€žà„à€„à€Ÿà€—à€€ à€•à„ƒà€€à„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ Dures, à€œà€żà€žà„‡ à€žà€Ÿà€˜à€Ÿà€•à€źà„à€źà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€šà€Ÿà€ź à€žà„‡ à€œà€Ÿà€šà€Ÿ à€œà€Ÿà€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ:
1. à€‰à€š à€…à€Șà€°à€Ÿà€§à„‹à€‚ à€žà„‡ à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź à€œà„‹ à€žà€‚à€˜ à€žà„‡ à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€†à€€à„‡ à€čà„ˆà€‚
(à€žà€Ÿà€˜ ± à€Ąà€żà€žà„‡à€žà€Ÿ)
2. à€Șà€°à€żà€”à„€à€•à„à€·à€Ÿ à€Șà€° à€­à€żà€•à„à€•à„ à€Ąà€Ÿà€Čà€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„à€°à€żà€Żà€Ÿà€à€‚
3. à€à€• à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à„ à€Šà„à€”à€Ÿà€°à€Ÿ à€…à€Șà€°à€Ÿà€§à„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€žà€‚à€šà€Ż à€žà„‡ à€šà€żà€Șà€Ÿà€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„à€°à€żà€Żà€Ÿà€à€‚
4. à€žà€‚à€˜ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€šà„‚à€šà„€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„à€°à€żà€Żà€Ÿà€“à€‚ à€•à„‹ à€žà„à€Čà€à€Ÿà€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź
5. à€”à€żà€”à€żà€§à„€ à€žà„à€šà€Ÿà€š, à€Șà„‹à€¶à€Ÿà€• à€‡à€€à„à€Żà€Ÿà€Šà€ż à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ à€šà€żà€Żà€ź
6. à€†à€”à€Ÿà€ž, à€«à€°à„à€šà„€à€šà€°, à€†à€”à€Ÿà€ž, à€†à€Šà€ż
7. SCHISMS
8. à€­à€żà€•à„à€–à€ž à€•à„‡ à€”à€°à„à€— à€”à€° à€¶à€żà€•à„à€·à€•à„‹à€‚ à€”à€° à€šà„Œà€žà€żà€–à€żà€Żà„‹à€‚ à€•à„‡ à€•à€°à„à€€à€”à„à€Żà„‹à€‚
9. à€Șà„€ ± à€€à€żà€źà„‹à€•à„à€–à€Ÿ à€žà„‡ à€Źà€čà€żà€·à„à€•à€Ÿà€°
10. à€­à€żà€–à„à€šà€żà€ž à€•à„‡ à€žà€źà€šà„à€”à€Ż à€”à€° à€šà€żà€°à„à€Šà„‡à€¶
11. à€†à€° ± à€œà€—à€čà€Ÿ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Șà€čà€Čà„€ à€Șà€°à€żà€·à€Š à€•à€Ÿ à€Čà„‡à€–à€Ÿ
12. à€”à„€à€ˆà€à€ž ± à€Čà„€ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€Šà„‚à€žà€°à„€ à€Șà€°à€żà€·à€Š à€•à€Ÿ à€Čà„‡à€–à€Ÿ
3. Pariv ± Ra-P ± 1/4i [à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿ à€žà€Ÿà€°à€Ÿà€‚à€¶, à€à€• à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€”à„à€Żà€”à€žà„à€„à€żà€€
à€šà€żà€°à„à€Šà„‡à€¶ à€”à€° à€Șà€°à„€à€•à„à€·à€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€ Catechism]
(5) à€Șà€Ÿà€°à€żà€” ± à€†à€°à€-à€Șà„€ ± 1/4i à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€•à„€ à€Șà€Ÿà€‚à€šà€”à„€à€‚ à€Șà„à€žà„à€€à€• à€Șà€Ÿà€ à€• à€•à„‹ à€žà€•à„à€·à€ź à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‡ à€źà„ˆà€šà„à€…à€Č à€•à„‡ à€°à„‚à€Ș à€źà„‡à€‚ à€•à€Ÿà€°à„à€Ż à€•à€°à€€à„€ à€čà„ˆ
à€Șà„‚à€°à„‡ à€”à€żà€šà€Ÿà€Żà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€Żà„‹à€Ąà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ à€•à€Ÿ à€à€• à€”à€żà€¶à„à€Čà„‡à€·à€Łà€Ÿà€€à„à€źà€• à€žà€°à„à€”à„‡à€•à„à€·à€Ł à€•à€°à€šà„‡ à€•à„‡ à€Čà€żà€à„€
à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ à€Șà€żà€Żà€Ÿà€•à€Ÿ -à€Šà€żà€˜à€Ÿ à€šà€żà€•à€Ÿà€Żà„à€Żà€Ÿ
DN 9 -
à€Șà„‹à€§à€Șà€Šà€Ÿ à€žà„à€Ÿà„à€Ÿà€Ÿ
{à€…à€‚à€¶}
- à€Șà„‹à€¶à€Ÿà€Șà€Šà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€Șà„à€°à€¶à„à€š -
Pohhapada à€”à€żà€­à€żà€šà„à€š à€žà€”à€Ÿà€Čà„‹à€‚ à€žà„‡ Sañā à€•à„€ à€Șà„à€°à€•à„ƒà€€à€ż reagriding à€Șà„‚à€›à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€
à€šà„‹à€Ÿ: à€žà€Ÿà€Šà€Ÿ à€—à„à€°à€‚à€„
à€…à€Ź, à€­à€—à€”à€Ÿà€š, à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à„€ à€čà„ˆ, à€”à€° à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€Źà€Ÿà€Š; à€Żà€Ÿ à€•à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ, à€”à€° à€Źà€Ÿà€Š à€źà„‡à€‚ à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ; à€Żà€Ÿ à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ à€”à€°
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€à€• à€žà€Ÿà€„ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ?
Potthapada, à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€‰à€ à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ, à€”à€°
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€Źà€Ÿà€Šà„€ à€”à€° à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à€Ÿ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€šà„‡ à€žà„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿà„€ à€à€• à€žà€źà€à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ, â€˜à€Żà€č à€‡à€ž à€Șà€° à€šà€żà€°à„à€­à€°à€€à€Ÿ à€źà„‡à€‚ à€čà„ˆ à€•à€ż à€źà„‡à€°à€Ÿ à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š
à€Șà„ˆà€Šà€Ÿ à€čà„‹ à€—à€Żà€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€ â€˜à€€à€°à„à€• à€•à„€ à€‡à€ž à€Șà€‚à€•à„à€€à€ż à€•à„‡ à€źà€Ÿà€§à„à€Żà€ź à€žà„‡ à€•à„‹à€ˆ à€źà€čà€žà„‚à€ž à€•à€° à€žà€•à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ à€•à€ż à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡
à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ à€Șà€čà€Čà„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à„€ à€čà„ˆ, à€”à€° à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€•à„‡ à€Źà€Ÿà€Š, à€”à€° à€•à„ˆà€žà„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆ
à€œà„à€žà€Ÿà€š à€§à€Ÿà€°à€Łà€Ÿ à€•à„‡ à€‰à€€à„à€Șà€šà„à€š à€čà„‹à€šà„‡ à€žà„‡ à€†à€€à€Ÿ à€čà„ˆà„€
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àČ­àȗàČ”àČŸàČšàł
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ ‘àȜàČšàČ° àČŠàłƒàČ·àłàȟàČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àČžàłàČ”àČČàłàČȘ àČ§àł‚àČłàł àȇàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, àȅàČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČ€àł†àČ—àł†àČŠàłàČčàČŸàȕàČż,
àȅàČ”àČ°àł àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČčàČŸàČŠàČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àČšàČĄàł†àČŻàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł†.
55) Classical Kannada- àȶàČŸàČžàłàČ€àłàČ°àł€àČŻ àȕàČšàłàČšàČĄ,
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àČ­àȗàČ”àČŸàČšàł
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ ‘àȜàČšàČ° àČŠàłƒàČ·àłàȟàČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àČžàłàČ”àČČàłàČȘ àČ§àł‚àČłàł àȇàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, àȅàČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČ€àł†àČ—àł†àČŠàłàČčàČŸàȕàČż,
àȅàČ”àČ°àł àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČčàČŸàČŠàČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àČšàČĄàł†àČŻàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł†. àČ•àłàČ°àČŸàČ«àłàČŸàłàČšàČČàłàČČàČż àȕàČČàČżàČ€àČ°àł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ•àłŒàȶàČČàłàČŻàČŠàČżàȂàČŠ,
àČšàłˆàČ€àČżàȕàČ€àł†àȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àȶàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČŹàČŠàłàȧàČ”àČŸàȗàČż àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČšàł†àČšàłàČšàČŸàȗàČż àČŹàł†àČłàł†àČžàČČàłàČȘàČĄàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł†,
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČżàČ”àȂàČ€àČżàČ•àł†àČŻ àČȘàČŠàȗàČłàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† àȉàČĄàłàČ—àłŠàČ°àł†àČŻàČŸàȗàČż àČšàł€àČĄàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł†, àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČżàČŻàłŠàȂàČŠàł‚ àȒàȂàČŠàł àČŠàłŠàČĄàłàČĄ
àȆàČ¶àł€àČ°àłàČ”àČŸàČŠ - àČźàȂàȗàČČàČŸ àČžàł‚àČŸàłàȟàČŸ
àČȘàłàČ°àČȘàȂàȚàČŠ àȜàČšàČ°àłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† àČšàČżàȜàČ”àČŸàČŠ àČ„àł‡àČ°àČ”àČŸàČĄàČŸ àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧàȧàČ°àłàČźàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČčàȂàȚàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàČČàł.
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČźàł‚àČČ àČŹàł‹àȧàČšàł†àȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ°àłàČ” àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àȟàČżàČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȕàȂàČĄàłàČŹàČ°àłàČ”àȂàČ€àł†, àČ„àČ€àČ°àČŸàČĄàČŸ àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧàȧàČ°àłàČźàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŻàČš àČźàČŸàČĄàČČàł, àȕàČČàČżàČžàČČàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ­àłàČŻàČŸàČž àČźàČŸàČĄàČČàł.
àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻàČŸ àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸ - àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČšàł€àČ€àČżàȶàČŸàČžàłàČ€àłàČ°
àČžàČżàČŠàłàȧàČŸàȂàČ€ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ­àłàČŻàČŸàČžàČŠ àČȘàłàČ°àȕàČŸàČ° àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻàČ•àłàČ•àł† àČȘàČ°àČżàȚàČŻ
àČ”àłˆàČšàČŸàČŻàČŠ àČ”àČżàČ”àČżàȧ àČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČł àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŻàČšàČ”àł àČšàłˆàČ€àČżàȕ àȶàČżàČžàłàČ€àČżàČš àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàČŸàȗàČż
àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ “àČŠàČż àČČàłˆàČ«àł àČŹàłàČČàČĄàł àȆàČ«àł àȧàČźàłàČź”
àČ„àł‡àČ°àČ”àČŸàČĄàČŸàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȶàČżàČžàłàČ€àČżàČš àČšàČĄàČ”àČłàČżàČ•àł†àČŻ àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČźàłàČ–àłàČŻàČ€àł†.
àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČł àČčàČżàČšàłàČšàł†àČČàł† àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł àČ€àČźàłàČź àȆàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČ€àłàČźàČżàȕ àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČźàłàČ–àłàČŻàČ€àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČŹàČčàČżàČ°àȂàȗàČȘàČĄàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČ”àł†.
àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČŻàł‹àȗàČżàȕ àČčàłàČŻàČŸàȂàČĄàłàČŹàłàČ•àł àČźàČŸàČšàČżàČžàłàȟàČżàČ•àł àȶàČżàČžàłàČ€àČżàČš àȅàȗàČ€àłàČŻ àČ•àł‹àČ°àł àȆàȗàČż àČȘàȟàČżàČźàłŠàȖàȖàČŸ àȎàȂàČŠàł àȕàČ°àł†àČŻàČČàłàČȘàČĄàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àȏàČłàł ‘àȅàČȘàČ°àČŸàȧàȗàČł àČ°àł‚àČȘàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àČźàłŠàČšàČžàłàȟàČżàČ•àł àČ”àČ°àłàČ€àČšàł†àȗàČł àȉàČČàłàČČàȂàȘàČšàł† - apattis’
àČžàČżàȖàȕàČŸàČȘàČŠàČŸ àČȘàČ°àČżàȕàČČàłàČȘàČšàł†àČŻ àČžàČŸàČźàČŸàČšàłàČŻ àČ”àČżàČźàČ°àłàČ¶àł† - àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻàČŸ àȶàČżàČžàłàČ€àł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČȘàłŠàȟàČżàČžàł àȅàČ”àČ° àȉàČČàłàČČàȂàȘàČšàł†.
àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸ - àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČ€àČ€àłàČ”àȶàČŸàČžàłàČ€àłàČ°
àČžàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸ àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àȅàČČàłàČČàČŠ àČžàČŸàȂàČȘàłàČ°àČŠàČŸàČŻàČżàȕ, àČȘàČ°àČźàČŸàČ€àłàȟàČŸ àȅàČČàłàȟàČżàČźàł‡àČŸàł àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàČżàȂàČŠ
àȧàČźàłàČźàČŸàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àłàČŻàł‡àȕàČżàČžàČČàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ­àłàČŻàČŸàČž àČźàČŸàČĄàČČàł àČžàČŸàȂàČȘàłàČ°àČŠàČŸàČŻàČżàȕ àČ­àČŸàČ·àł†àȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł
àČŹàČłàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àČžàČŸàłàȟàČšàČŸàȟàČŸ àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸàČ—àł† àČȘàČ°àČżàȚàČŻ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȇàČŠàł àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ­àČżàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČź àČȘàČżàȟàȕàČŸàČžàłàČšàČżàȂàČŠ àČ­àČżàČšàłàČšàČ”àČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†.
àȧàČźàłàČźàČ•àłàȕàȕàČȘàČŸàČ”àČ€àČŸàČš àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ - àČšàČŸàČČàłàČ•àł àȉàČŠàČŸàČ€àłàČ€ àČžàČ€àłàČŻàȗàČł àČźàł‡àČČàł† àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČźàł‚àČČàČ­àł‚àČ€ àČŹàł‹àȧàČšàł†.
àȧàČźàłàČźàČ•àłàČ•àłàČȘàłàČȘàČ”àČŸàłàȟàČŸàČš àČžàł‚àČŸàłàȟàČŠ àČ”àČżàČ·àČŻàȗàČłàł. àȎàČ°àČĄàł àČ”àČżàČȘàČ°àł€àČ€.
àČźàČ§àłàČŻàČź àČźàČŸàČ°àłàȗàČ”àł àȎàČ°àČĄàł àČ”àČżàČȘàČ°àł€àČ€àȗàČłàČżàȂàČŠ àČ­àČżàČšàłàČšàČ”àČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†.
àČžàČ€àłàČŻ àČžàł‚àČŸàłàȟàČŸàČŠ àȚàČ•àłàČ°àČŠ àČźàł‚àČ°àł àČčàȂàČ€àȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČčàČšàłàČšàł†àČ°àČĄàł àČźàČŸàČ°àłàȗàȗàČłàł.
àČĄàČżàȗàČŸ, àČźàČœàłàȜàČżàČźàČŸ, àČ•àłàČĄàłàČĄàȕàČŸ, àȅàȂàČ—àłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČ°àČŸ, àȆàČŻàłàČŠ àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČł àČžàȂàČŻàČ€ àČšàČżàȕàČŸàČŻàČžàł-àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŻàČš
àȅàČ­àČżàȧàČźàłàČźàČŸ àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸ- àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČžàłˆàȕàČŸàČČàȜàČż
àȅàČ­àČżàȧàČźàČźàČŸ
àČȘàČżàȟàČŸàȕàČŸàČ—àł† àČȘàČ°àČżàȚàČŻ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàȟàȕàČŸàČžàłàČšàČżàȂàČŠ àȇàČŠàł àČčàł‡àČ—àł†
àČ­àČżàČšàłàČšàČ”àČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†. àČȘàČšàłàČŸàłàȟàČż (àČžàČŸàȂàČȘàłàČ°àČŠàČŸàČŻàČżàȕ) àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàČ°àČźàČ€àłàČ€àČŸ (àȅàČČàłàȟàČżàČźàł‡àČŸàł) àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČźàȗàČł
àČšàČĄàłàČ”àČżàČš àČ”àłàČŻàČ€àłàČŻàČŸàČž. àČȘàłàČŻàČŸàČ°àČŸàČźàČŸàČ€àłàČ„àČŸ àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČŸ àČ”àČżàČ¶àłàČČàł‡àČ·àČŁàł†àČŻ àČ”àČżàČ”àČżàȧ àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàł,
àČȘàłàČ°àČœàłàČžàł†àČŻàł 89 àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ 121 àČ° àČ°àČŸàČœàłàČŻàȗàČłàČŸàȗàČż àČ”àČżàČ¶àłàČČàł‡àČ·àČżàČžàČČàłàČȘàČĄàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, Cetasikas
àČȘàłàČ°àČœàłàČžàł†àČŻ àČźàČŸàČšàČžàČżàȕ àȅàȂàȶàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČŠàł†. àČžàł†àȟàČžàČżàȕàČŸ àȎàȂàČŠàČ°àł‡àČšàł. àČžàČżàȟàČžàČżàȕàČŸàČŠ àČšàČŸàČČàłàČ•àł
àČ—àłàČŁàČČàČ•àłàČ·àČŁàȗàČłàł àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČŸ àČžàČčàČŸàČŻàȕàČšàČŸàȗàČż àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČšàČżàČ°àłàČ”àČčàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČ”àł†. àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČŸ (àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČš)
àČžàłàČ”àČ°àł‚àČȘ àȏàČšàł? àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàł†àȟàČžàČżàȕàČŸ àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČźàČžàł àȅàČšàłàČšàł àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àČžàȂàČŻàł‹àȜàČżàČžàČŹàł‡àČ•àł -
àČžàłàČŻàČŸàȂàČȘàČ¶àł‹àČŻàł‹àȗ. àČžàČżàȟàČžàČżàȕàČŸàȗàČłàł àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àČžàČżàȟàČžàłàČ—àł† àČžàȂàČŹàȂàȧàČżàČžàČżàČ”àł† - àČžàČčàȗàȟàČŸ. àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČŸ
àȅàČžàł‹àČžàČżàČŻàł‡àČŸàłàČžàłàČšàȂàČ€àł† àČžàł†àȟàČžàČżàȕàČŸàČžàł àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČ”àł àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČšàČżàČ°àłàČ”àČčàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àČ„àł†àČ°àČ”àČŸàČĄàČŸ àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧàȧàČ°àłàČźàČŠ àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČž
àČ„àł‡àČ°àČŸàČĄàČŸàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȕàȂàČĄàłàČŹàČ°àłàČ”àȂàČ€àł† àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČš.
àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČŹàČ—àłàČ—àł† àČ”àČżàČ”àČżàȧ àČŠàłƒàČ·àłàȟàČżàČ•àł‹àČšàȗàČłàł.
àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČžàȂàČžàłàČ•àłƒàČ€àČżàČŻ àČźàł‚àČČ.
àČ­àČŸàČ°àČ€àČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČŹàł‡àČ°àł†àČĄàł† àȕàȂàČĄàłàČŹàČ°àłàČ”àȂàČ€àł† àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČšàł€àČš.
àČŠàłˆàČšàȂàČŠàČżàČš àČœàł€àČ”àČšàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČžàȂàČžàłàČ•àłƒàČ€àČżàČŻ àȅàČ­àłàČŻàČŸàČž àČ”àČżàČ­àČżàČšàłàČš àČ­àł‚àČźàČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àȕàȂàČĄàłàČŹàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ àČžàČźàČŸàČ°àȂàČ­àȗàČłàł - àČžàČŸàȂàČžàłàČ•àłƒàČ€àČżàȕ, àČšàłˆàČ€àČżàȕ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ”àČ° àȆàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČ€àłàČźàČżàȕ àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČźàłàČ–àłàČŻàČ€àł†.
àČ„àł‡àČ°àČ”àČŸàČĄàČŸ àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČźàł‚àČČ àČȘàČŠàłàȧàČ€àČżàȗàČłàł
3 àČ°àȟàČšàČŸàČžàłàČš àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČźàłàČ–àłàČŻàČ€àł†, àČ—àłŒàČ°àČ”àČŸàČ°àłàČȘàČŁàł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČȘàČŸàČ”àČ€àČżàČžàłàČ” àČźàł‚àČ°àł àČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàł.
àČźàł‚àČ°àł àČȘàČŸàłàČŸàł àȆàČ¶àłàČ°àČŻàČŠ àȅàČ€àłàČŻàłàČšàłàČšàČ€ àČČàČ•àłàČ·àČŁàȗàČłàł.
àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČżàČŻàłŠàČŹàłàČŹàČ°àł‚ àȅàČ°àłàČ„àČźàČŸàČĄàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàČŹàł‡àȕàČŸàČŠ àČźàł‚àČČàČ­àł‚àČ€ àČȘàČ°àČżàȕàČČàłàČȘàČšàł†àȗàČłàł. àȆàČ°àł‹àČ—àłàČŻàȕàČ°,
(àČ•àłàČžàłàČČàČŸ), àȅàČšàČŸàČ°àł‹àČ—àłàČŻàȕàČ°, (àȅàČ•àłàČžàČŸàČČàČŸ) - àȒàČłàłàČłàł†àČŻàČŠàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ•àł†àČŸàłàȟàČ”àČ°àł, àȅàČ”àČ°àł àČšàČżàȜàČ”àČŸàČŠ
àČ—àłàČŁàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČœàłàȞàČŸàČš.
àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàłàČ°àȶàȂàČžàČšàł€àČŻ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àČĄàČż-àČźàł†àČ°àČżàČŸàł‹àČ°àČżàČŻàČ° àČ•àłàČ°àČźàȗàČłàł àȒàČŹàłàČŹàČ° àČšàČĄàČ”àČłàČżàČ•àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł
àČ°àł‚àČȘàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČ”àł†, àČčàł€àȗàČŸàȗàČż àČœàł€àČ”àČšàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČźàł‡àČČàłàČźàłàȖàČ”àČŸàȗàČż àȚàČČàČżàČžàłàČ” àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČ•àł†àČłàČ•àłàČ•àł† àȚàČČàČżàČžàłàČ”
àČźàČŸàČšàČžàČżàȕ àČŹàł†àČłàČ”àČŁàČżàČ—àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àȉàȂàČŸàłàČźàČŸàČĄàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àČźàł‚àČ°àłàČȘàČŸàłàČŸàł àČźàł‚àČČàČ­àł‚àČ€ àČ€àČ€àłàČ”: àČĄàČŸàČšàČŸ, àČžàČżàČČàČŸ, àČ­àČ”àČš àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàČżàČČàČŸ, àČžàČźàČŸàȧàČż, àČȘàČŻàČŸ
àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàČ°àČżàČȘàł‚àČ°àłàČŁàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł - àČȘàłàČŻàČŸàČ°àČŸàČźàČżàČžàł.
àȕàČźàłàČźàČš àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČźàłàČ–àłàČŻàČ€àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àȅàČ°àłàČ„àČźàČŸàČĄàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàłàČ”àłàČŠàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČŠàČ° àČȘàČ°àČżàČŁàČŸàČźàČ”àČŸàȗàČż àČœàł€àČ”àČš
àȈ àČȘàČ àČŁàČŠ àČžàČŸàČźàČŸàČšàłàČŻ àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČžàČŸàłàȟàČŸ àČȘàČ àČŁ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àČ°àČŁàł†.
àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČšàČŠ àȅàČ­àłàČŻàČŸàČž
àČšàČŸàČČàłàČ•àł àČ­àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČŸàČŠ àČ°àČŸàČœàłàČŻàȗàČłàł - àČŹàłàČ°àČčàłàČź àČ”àČżàČčàČŸàČ°àČŸàČžàł - àČźàł†àČŸàłàȟàČŸ, àȕàČ°àłàČŁ, àČźàłàČĄàČżàȟàČŸ,
àȉàČȘàłàČȘàł‡àȕàČŸ àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àČ”àČżàȕàČżàČ°àČŁ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àȅàČ”àČ°àł àČȘàČ°àČžàłàČȘàČ° àČ­àČżàČšàłàČšàČ”àČŸàȗàČżàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČ”àł†.
àČ„àł‡àČ°àČ”àČŸàČĄàČŸ àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧàȧàČ°àłàČźàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČšàČŠ àČȘàłàČ°àČŻàł‹àȜàČšàȗàČłàł
àČžàČźàČ€àČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČȘàČŸàČžàČšàČŸ àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČš.
àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČš àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČŠàČ° 40 àČ”àČżàČ·àČŻàȗàČłàł.
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČœàł€àČ”àČš
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àȜàČšàČš àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȆàČ°àȂàČ­àČżàȕ àČœàł€àČ”àČš
àČ”àČżàČ”àČżàȧ àȆàČ°àȂàČ­àČżàȕ àČœàł€àČ”àČš àȘàȟàČšàł†àȗàČłàł - àČźàČčàČŸàČ­àČżàČšàČŸàČ•àłƒàČ€àČż
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàł‹àČŠàČŻàČ•àłàȕàČŸàȗàČż àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČžàł ‘àČčàł‹àČ°àČŸàȟ - 6 àČ”àČ°àłàČ·àȗàČł àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČŻàČ¶àłàȚàČżàČ€àłàČ€
àČžàłàČ”àČŻàȂ àČźàČ°àČŁàČŠàȂàČĄàČšàł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȇàȂàČŠàłàČ°àČżàČŻ àČ€àłŠàČĄàȗàČżàČžàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàłàČ” àČźàł‚àČČàČ­àł‚àČ€ àČ­àł€àČ€àČż.
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàł‹àČŠàČŻàČŠ àČčàł‹àČ°àČŸàȟ - àČŹàł‹àȧàČż àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČ”àČŸàČŠ àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŻàČš
àČźàł‹àČ·àČšàł àČžàł†àČŸàłàȟàČżàȂàČ—àł àȆàČ«àł àČŠàČż àČ”àłàČčàł€àČČàł àȆàČ«àł àČŸàłàČ°àłàČ€àł - àȧàČźàłàČźàČ•àłàČ•àłàČȘàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČšàČŸ
àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àČčàČ°àČĄàłàČ”àČżàČ•àł† - àČžàȂàȘàČŠ àČžàłàČ„àČŸàČȘàČšàł†
àČžàČšàłàČŻàČŸàČžàČżàȗàČł àČȘàČ”àČżàČ€àłàČ° àČ•àłàČ°àČźàČŠ àČ°àȚàČšàł† - àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČšàČżàČžàł
àČ—àłàČ°àł‡àČŸàł àČĄàČżàČžàł†àČšàłàČžàł - àČźàČčàČŸàČȘàČ°àČżàČšàłàČ”àČŸàČšàČŸ.
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČ­àČŸàČ·àł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàČŸàČčàČżàČ€àłàČŻ
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČ•àłàČŻàČŸàČšàłŠàČšàČżàȕàČČàł àČ­àČŸàČ·àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àȕàČČàČżàČŻàČČàł
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČ—àłàČ°àČŸàČźàČ°àł
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČ­àČŸàČ·àČŸ àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČž
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČžàČŸàČčàČżàČ€àłàČŻ
àČȘàČŸàČČàČż àČ”àČ°àłàČ•àłàČžàł
àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàČŻàČ°àČŸàȕàČŸ
(àȐàČŠàł àČšàČżàČ•àł ± àČŻàČŸàČžàł, àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČžàȂàČ—àłàČ°àČčàČŁàł†àȗàČłàł)
1. D2GHA-NIK ± àČŻàČŸ [34 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł; 3 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł, àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČŻàȗàČłàł (àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČż àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕ)]
(1) s2lakkhandavagga-p ± 1/4i (13 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
(2) àČźàČŸàČčàł ± àČ”àȗàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
(3) p ± ±ikavagga-p ± 1/4i (11 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
2. àČźàČœàłàȜàČżàČźàČŸ-àČšàČżàČ•àł ± àČŻàČŸ [152 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł; 15 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł; 3 àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àČ”àČżàȂàȗàČĄàČżàČžàČČàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†,
5 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČż, Pooo ± SA (’àȐàČ”àČ€àłàČ€àł’) àȎàȂàČŠàł àȕàČ°àł†àČŻàČČàČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†]
(1) M3LAPAOO ℱ SSA- P ± 1/4i (’àČ°àł‚àČŸàł’ àȐàČ”àČ€àłàČ€àł)
1. m3lapariy ± àČŻàČŸàČ”àČŸàČ—àłàȗ (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
2. S2HAN ℱ àČŠàČŸàČšàČŸàȗ (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
3. àČ€àČŸàČ€àČżàČ”àČŸàČ—àłàȗàČŸ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
4. àČźàČŸàČčàł ± àČŻàČźàČ•àłàȕàČ”àČŸàȗ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
5. C31/4àČŻàČźàȕàČ”àČŸàȗ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
(2) Majjhimapaoo ± Sa-P ± 1/4i (’àČźàČ§àłàČŻàČź’ àȐàČ”àČ€àłàČ€àł)
6. àȗàČčàČŸàČȘàČ€àČż-àČ”àȗàČŸ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
7. àČ­àČżàȖàČŸàČ•àł-àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ—àł (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
8. àČȘàłàČŻàČŸàČ°àČżàČŹàłàČŹàł ↑ àȜàČŸàȕàČŸ-àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàȗàČŸ (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
9. r ± ja- vagga (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
10. BR ± àČčàČšàČŸàČšàČŸ-àČ”àȗàČŸ (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
(3) uparipaoo ± sa-p ± 1/4i (àȅàȂàČŠàČ°àł† ‘àȐàČ”àČ€àłàČ€àł àČ•àłàȕàČżàȂàČ€ àČčàł†àČšàłàČšàł’)
11. àČŠàł‡àČ”àČŠàČŸàČčàČš-àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ—àł (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČžàł)
12. àȅàČšàłàČȘàČŠàČŸ-àČ”àȗàČŸàȗàČŸ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
13. àČžàłàČšàČŸàČšàČŸàȟàČŸ-àČ”àȗàČŸ (10 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČžàł)
14. àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗ-àČ”àȗàČŸ (12 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČžàł)
15. sa1/4 ± àČŻàČŸàČ€àČŸàČšàČŸ-àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàȗàČŸ (10 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł)
3. sa1/2yutta-nik ± àČŻàČŸ [2,904 (7,762) àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČžàł; 56 sa1/2yuttas; 5 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł; àČ”àČżàȂàȗàČĄàČżàČžàČČàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†
6 àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż]
(1) SAG ± ThAVAGG-SA1/2YUTTA-P ± 1/4I (11 SA1/2YUTTAS)
(2) NID → NAVAGGA- SA1/2YUTTA- P ± 1/4I (10 SA1/2YUTTAS)
(3) àȖàȂàČĄàČŸàČ”àČŸàȗàČŸ-àČžàČŸ 1/2yutta-p ± 1/4i (13 sa1/2yuttas)
(4) sa1/4 ± yatanavagga-sa1/2yutta-p ± 1/4i (10 sa1/2yuttas)
(5) àČźàČŸàČčàł ± vagga-sa1/2yutta-p ± 1/4i i i (6 sa1/2yuttas)
(6) mah ± vagga-sa1/2yutta-p ± 1/4i ii (6 sa1/2yuttas)
4. àȅàČ—àłàČŸàłàȟàČ°àČŸ-àČšàČżàČ•àł ± àČŻàČŸ [9,557 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸ; IN11 NIP ℱ TAS, àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČ—àłàȂàČȘàłàȗàČłàł àČžàȂàČȘàł‚àČ°àłàČŁàČ”àČŸàȗàČż àČœàł‹àČĄàČżàČžàČżàČ”àł†
àČžàȂàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČ€àłàČźàȕàČ”àČŸàȗàČż; àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČż àČšàČżàČȘàł ± TA àČčàČČàČ”àČŸàČ°àł vagagas àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČŠàł†; 10 àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČčàł†àČšàłàČšàł àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł
àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČż àČ”àȗàČŸàȗàČŸ; 6 àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàł]
(1) àȇàȕàČŸ-àČĄàłàȕàČŸ-àȟàČżàȕàČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i (àȒàČšàłàČžàł, àČŸàłàČ”àłŠàČžàł, àČ„àłàČ°àł€àČžàł)
(2) àČ•àłàČŻàČŸàČŸàłàȕàČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i (àČšàČŸàČČàłàČ•àł)
(3) àČȘàČŸàČšàłàȕàČŸàȕàČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i (àČ«àłˆàČ”àłàČžàł)
(4) àȚàČ•àłàȕàČŸ-àČžàČ€àłàČ€àČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i (àČžàČżàČ•àłàČžàČžàł, àČžàł†àČ”àł†àČšàłàČžàł)
(5) àȅàȖàČŸàȕàČŸ-àČšàČ”àȕàČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàČż. 1/4i (àȎàȂàČŸàł, àČšàłˆàČšàłàČžàł)
(6) àČŠàČŸàČžàȕàČŸ-àȎàȕàČŸàČŠàČŸàČžàČŸ-àČšàČżàČȘàȟàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i (àČčàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł, àȎàČČàł†àČ”àł†àČšàłàČžàł)
5. àČ–àłàČŠàČŸàȕ-àČšàČżàČ•àł ± àČŻàČŸ [àČžàČŁàłàČŁ àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČł àČžàȂàČ—àłàČ°àČč, àȇàČ€àČ°àł† àČ•àł‚àȟ-
18 àČźàłàČ–àłàČŻ àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àČ•àłƒàČ€àČżàȗàČł ING; àȇàČŠàł àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČžàł, àČžàȂàȕàČČàČšàȗàČłàł àȒàČłàČ—àłŠàȂàČĄàČżàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČžàłˆàČŠàłàȧàČŸàȂàČ€àČżàȕ àȟàČżàČȘàłàČȘàČŁàČżàȗàČłàł, àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČžàȗàČłàł, àČ¶àłàČČàł‹àȕàȗàČłàł, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ°àłàČ” àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČšàȕàČŸàČ° àČžàČŸàČčàČżàČ€àłàČŻ
àȟàČżàČȘàČżàȕàČŸàȕ àČžàłàČ”àČ€àȃ àȅàČłàČ”àČĄàČżàČžàČČàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†; 12 àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàł]
(1) àČ•àłàČŠàČŸàȕàČŸàČȘàł ↑ àČ„àČŸ, àȧàČźàłàČźàČȘàČĄ & ud ± na-p ± 1/4i
1. àČ•àłàČŠàČŸàȕàČŸàČȘàł ± àČ„àČŸ (àȒàȂàČŹàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàČŁàłàČŁ àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł, àČ€àČ°àČŹàł‡àČ€àČż àČ•àłˆàČȘàČżàČĄàČżàČŻàČŸàȗàČż àČŹàČłàČžàČČàČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àȅàČšàČšàłàČ­àČ”àČż àČ­àČŸàČ•àłàȕàČžàł)
2. àȧàČźàłàČźàČȘàČĄàČŸ (àȟàČżàČȘàČżàČŻàČŸàȕàČŸàȕàČŠ àȎàČČàłàČČàČŸ àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àȅàČ€àłàČŻàȂàČ€ àČȘàłàČ°àČžàČżàČŠàłàȧ; 423 àČžàȂàČ—àłàČ°àČč
26 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàłàČšàČČàłàČČàČż àČ¶àłàČČàł‹àȕàȗàČłàł)
3. ud ± na (8 vagagagas àČšàČČàłàČČàČż, 80 àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àȆàČčàłàČČàČŸàČŠàȕàČ°àČ”àČŸàČŠ àČźàČŸàČ€àłàȗàČłàł, àČčàł†àČšàłàȚàČŸàȗàČż àČ¶àłàČČàł‹àȕàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż, àČœàłŠàČ€àł†àČ—àł†
àȉàČšàłàȚàČŸàČ°àČŁàł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČčàłŠàČ°àČčàłŠàČźàłàČźàČżàČŠ àČžàȂàČŠàČ°àłàČ­àȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àČ•àł†àČČàČ”àł àȗàČŠàłàČŻ àȖàČŸàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł)
(2) àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČž, àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČšàČżàČȘàł ± àČ€àČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i
4. àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČž (4 àČšàČżàČȘàł ± àȟàČŸàČžàł, 112 àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł, àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àł€ àȆàČ°àȂàČ­, “àȐàȟàČżàȐ vutta1/2 àČ­àȗàČ”àȟàČŸ” [àČčàł€àČ—àł†
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČ°àČżàȂàČŠ àČčàł‡àČłàČżàČŠàČ°àł])
5. àČžàČŸàłàȟàČšàČżàČȘàł ± àȟàČŸ (5 àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł; 71 àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČžàł, àČčàł†àČšàłàȚàČŸàȗàČż àČȘàČŠàłàČŻàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż; àȅàČ€àłàČŻàłàČ€àłàČ€àČźàČ”àČŸàČŠàČ”àłàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àȒàČłàČ—àłŠàȂàČĄàČżàČŠàł†
àČ€àČżàČłàČżàČŠàČżàČ°àłàČ”, àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àȅàČ€àłàČŻàȂàČ€ àȜàČšàČȘàłàČ°àČżàČŻ àČžàł‚àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàł
(3) vim ± àČšàČ”àČŸàłàČŸàł, àČȘàł†àȟàČ”àČŸàČ€àłàČ„àł, àČ„àł†àČ°àČ—àł ± àČ„àł ± & àČ„àł†àČ°àČżàČ—àł ± àČ„àł† -àČȘàČż ± 1/4i
6. àČ”àČżàČźàł ± àČšàČ”àČŸàłàČŸàł (àČ”àČżàČźàł ± àČšàČŸ àȎàȂàČŠàČ°àł† àČźàłàČŻàČŸàČšàłàČ·àČšàł; 85 àȕàČ”àČżàČ€àł†àȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż 85 àȕàČ”àČżàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł
àČžàłàČ”àČ°àłàČ—àł€àČŻ àČ•àłàČ·àł‡àČ€àłàČ°àȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àČźàł†àČ°àČżàČŸàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàłàČšàČ°àłàȜàČšàłàČź)
7. àČȘàł†àȟàČŸàČ”àČŸàČ€àłàČ„àł (4 àČ°àȗàČŸàČžàł, 51 àȕàČ”àČżàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł àČ¶àł‹àȚàČšàł€àČŻ àČœàł€àČ”àČżàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł [petas] àȜàČšàČżàČžàČżàČŠàČ”àł
àČ€àČźàłàČź àČĄàł†àČźàČŸàČ°àł†àČŸàł‹àČ°àČżàČŻàČžàł àČ•àłƒàČ€àłàČŻàȗàČłàČżàȂàČŠàČŸàȗàČż àȅàČ€àłƒàČȘàłàČ€ àČ°àČŸàČœàłàČŻàȗàČłàł)
8. àČ„àłàČ°àł‡àČ—àł ± àČ„àł ± (264 àČ°àČżàȂàČŠ àȅàČ°àČŸàČčàłàČŻàČŸàȟàČżàȶàČżàČȘàłàČš àČžàČŸàȧàČšàł† àČšàȂàČ€àČ° àČžàȂàČ€àł‹àČ· àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȆàČšàȂàČŠ àČȘàČŠàłàČŻàȗàČłàł
àČčàČżàČ°àČżàČŻ àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČ•àłàČžàł; 107 àȕàČ”àČżàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł, 1,279 àČ—àłàČ°àČŸàȂ ± àČ„àČŸàČžàł)
9. àČ„àł†àČ°àČżàČ—àł ± àČ„àČż ± (73 àČčàČżàČ°àČżàČŻ àČžàČšàłàČŻàČŸàČžàČżàȗàČłàČżàȂàČŠ (73 àČ°àČ”àČ°àł†àČ—àł†, 73 àȕàČ”àČżàČ€àł†àȗàČłàł, 522 àČ—àłàČ°àČŸàȂ ± àČ„àČŸàČžàł)
(4) àČœàł† ± àČ€àȕàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ. àČšàČŸàČšàł
(5) àČœàł† ± àČ€àȕàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ II
10. àČœàł† ↑ àČ€àȕàČŸ (àČ•àł‹àČĄàČżàČžàČŸàČŸàłàȟàČŸ àȅàČ”àČ° àȜàČšàłàČź àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł àČ—àł‹àČ€àČź àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČšàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàłàČŠàČšàł; 547
àČ¶àłàČČàł‹àȕàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČżàČš àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł, àČšàČżàČȘàł ± àȟàČŸ àȆàȗàČż àČ”àČżàȂàȗàČĄàČżàČžàČČàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†, àȅàȗàČ€àłàČŻàČ”àČżàČ°àłàČ” àČ¶àłàČČàł‹àȕàȗàČł àČžàȂàČ–àłàČŻàł†
àȕàČ„àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČčàł‡àČłàČż. àČȘàł‚àČ°àłàČŁ àČœàł† ± àČ€àȕàČŸ àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł àČ”àČŸàČžàłàČ€àČ”àČ”àČŸàȗàČż àČœàł† ± àČ€àȕàČŸ àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČšàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČżàČ”àł†
àČȘàČŠàłàČŻàȗàČł àČčàČżàȂàČŠàł† àȕàČ„àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČżàČžàČż.
(6) àČźàČŸàČčàł ± àČšàČżàČĄàł†àČžàłàČžàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i
(7) C31/4NIDESSA-P ± 1/4i
11. àČšàČżàČĄàł†àČžàłàČžàČŸ (àČžàłàČŸàłàȟàČŸàČšàČżàČȘàłàČš àȎàČ°àČĄàł àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČł àČŹàČ—àłàČ—àł† àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČš)
àČźàČŸàČčàł ± àČšàČżàČĄàł†àČžàłàČžàČŸ: àȕàČŸàČźàł†àȂàȟàČ°àČż 4 àČšàł‡ àČ”àȗàČŸàȗàČŸ
C31/4NIDESSA: 5 àČšàł‡ àČ”àȗàČŸàȗàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČš
1 àČšàł‡ àČ”àȗàČŸàȗàČŸàČŠ àȖàČ—àłàȗàČ”àČżàČžàł ↑ àȓ àČžàłàČŸàł
(😎 PaÎŒisambhid ± Magga-P ± 1/4i
12. PAÎŒISAMPHID ℱ Magga (àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àȅàČ­àČżàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČźàČżàȕ àČ¶àłˆàČČàČżàČŻ àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČ”àČŸàČŠ àČ”àČżàČ¶àłàČČàł‡àČ·àČŁàł†
àČŹàł‹àȧàČšàł†, àČ”àČżàČšàł ± àČŻàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàČŻàȕàČŸàȕàȗàČł àȎàČČàłàČČàČŸ àČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàČżàȂàČŠ àȚàČżàČ€àłàČ°àČżàČžàČČàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàł†; àČźàł‚àČ°àł àČ”àȗàČŸàČžàł,
àČȘàłàČ°àČ€àČż àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČ·àČŻàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ°àłàČ” [àȕàČŸàČ„àł ±])
(9) apad ± na-p ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ. àČšàČŸàČšàł
13. àȅàČȘàČĄàł ± àČšàČŸ (550 àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČ•àłàČžàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł 40 àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČ•àłàČšàČżàČžàłàČš àČčàČżàȂàČŠàČżàČš àČœàł€àČ”àČšàČŠ àČȘàČŠàłàČŻàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČżàČš àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł)
(10) apad ± na, buddhava1/2sa & cariy ± piΌaka-p ± 1/4i
14. àČŹàČĄàłàȧàČŸàČ”àČ”àČŸ 1/2 àȎàČžàłàȎ (àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àȇàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČžàČ”àł àČŹàłŒàČŠàłàȧ, àȉàČ€àłàČ€àČ°àČŠàČČàłàČČàČż
àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàł†àČŻàČżàȂàČŠ àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàł†. àČžàČ°àČżàČȘàłàČ€àČ€àČŸ, àȆàČžàłàȕàȟàČżàČ•àł àČžàłàČźàł†àȧàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČĄàČż 2àČȘàČšàČŸàČ° àȕàČ„àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČčàł‡àČłàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČ—àłàČĄàČŸàČź àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ àČžàł‡àČ°àČżàČŠàȂàČ€àł† àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČšàȂàČ€àČ°àČŠ 24 àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČ°àł.)
15. Cariy ± PiÎŒaka (àČœàł† ± àČŸàłàČŻàČŸàȕàČŸàČŠàČżàȂàČŠ 35 àȕàČ„àł†àȗàČłàł àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàČż ± àČ°àČŸàČźàł 2 àȅàČšàłàČšàł àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČżàČžàČČàł àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČžàłàČ„àł†àČ—àłŠàČłàČżàČžàČżàČŠàČ”àł)
(11) àČšàł†àČŸàłàȟàČżàČȘàłàČȘàČ°àČšàČŸ, àČȘàł†àČžàČŸàČ•àł‹àČȘàČĄàł†àČžàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i
16. àČšàł†àČŸàłàȟàČżàČȘàłàČȘàČ°àČšàČŸ (àČžàČŁàłàČŁ àČ—àłàČ°àȂàČ„àȗàČłàł àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČšàČżàČžàČČàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČżàČžàČČàł àČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČčàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČžàł-
àČ•àłàČŻàČŸàČšàłŠàČšàČżàȕàČČàł àČȘàČ àłàČŻàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČžàł‡àČ°àČżàČžàČż)
17. PeÎŒakopadesa (àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČżàČžàłàČ” àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àČ°àČżàČžàłàČ” àČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČžàł†àČŸàłàȟàČżàȂàČ—àł àȔàČŸàł
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČŹàł‹àȧàČšàł†)
(12) àČźàČżàČČàČżàȂàČĄàČȘàČŸàČšàł-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i
18. àČźàČżàČČàČżàȂàČĄàČŸ-àČȘàČšàłàČčàČŸ (àČ°àČŸàȜ àČźàČżàČČàČżàȂàČĄàČŸ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȎàČŠàłàČ°àČżàČžàČżàČŠ àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàł†àȗàČł àČŠàČŸàȖàČČàł†
VEN àČźàł‚àČČàȕ àȉàČ€àłàČ€àČ°àȗàČłàł. àČšàČŸàȗàČžàł†àČšàČŸ; àȈ àȚàČ°àłàČšàł† àČšàČĄàł†àČŻàČżàČ€àł. 500 àČ”àČ°àłàČ·àȗàČł àČšàȂàČ€àČ°
MAH ± Parinibb ± àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš na)
àȅàČ­àČżàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČź àČȘàČżàČŻàȕàČŸàȕ
[àȏàČłàł àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČł àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČžàłàČ„àČżàČ€, àȅàČźàł‚àČ°àłàČ€ àČšàČżàČ°àł‚àČȘàČŁàł†àČŻ àȅàČźàł‚àČ°àłàČ€ àČšàČżàČ°àł‚àČȘàČŁàł†; àČźàłàČŠàłàČ°àČżàČžàČČàČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
12 àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàł]
1. àȧàČźàłàČźàČžàłàČžàČŸàȗàČŸàČ”àł 2
(àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČźàȗàČł àȎàČŁàČżàČ•àł†)
(1) àȧàČźàłàČźàČžàłàČžàČŸàȗàČŸàČ”àł 2-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i
2. àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/42
(àČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČźàȗàČł àČ”àłàČŻàČ€àłàČŻàČŸàČž àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČ”àČżàČ¶àłàČČàł‡àČ·àČŁàł†)
(2) àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗ-àČȘàČż ± 1/42
3. dh ± tukath ±
(àȅàȂàȶàȗàČł àȚàČ°àłàČšàł†; àȈ 1 àČšàł‡ àČźàł‚àČ°àł àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàł àȒàȂàČŠàł àČŸàłàČ°àłˆàČČàČŸàȜàČżàČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČ°àł‚àČȘàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČ”àł†
àȅàČ­àČżàȧàČźàČźàłàČźàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àȅàČ°àłàČ„àČźàČŸàČĄàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàČČàł àȆàȧàČŸàČ°àČ”àČŸàȗàČżàČ°àČŹàł‡àČ•àł)
4. àČȘàȗàČŸàČČàČȘàČšàČŸàČŸàłàȟàČż
(àČ”àłàČŻàČ•àłàČ€àČżàȗàČł àČčàł†àČžàČ°àł‡; àČčàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČ§àłàČŻàČŸàČŻàȗàČłàł: àȏàČ•àłˆàȕ àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČčàČ°àČżàČžàłàČ”àČŸàȗ
àČ”àłàČŻàČ•àłàČ€àČżàȗàČłàł, àČœàł‹àČĄàČżàȗàČłàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† 2 àČšàł‡, 3 àČšàł‡ àČ—àłàȂàČȘàłàȗàČłàł àČźàł‚àČ°àł, àȇàČ€àłàČŻàČŸàČŠàČż.
(3) dh ± tukath ± -puggalapañatati-p ± 1/42
5. àȕàČŸàČ„àł ± àČ”àČŸàČŸàłàČŸàł-àČȘàČż ± 1/42
(àČ”àČżàČ”àČŸàČŠ àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČ€àČȘàłàČȘàł àČŠàłƒàČ·àłàȟàČżàČ•àł‹àČšàȗàČł àȅàȂàȕàȗàČłàł; àȎàČŹàłàČŹàČżàČžàČżàČŠ àȅàȂàȕàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àȚàČ°àłàȚàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČȘàČŸàČŸàłàČšàČŸàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȅàČŻàł‹àȕàČŸàČŠ àȆàČłàłàČ”àČżàČ•àł†àČŻ àČžàČźàČŻàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àČšàČĄàł†àČŠ 3 àČšàł‡ àČ•àłŒàČšàłàČžàČżàČČàłàČšàČČàłàČČàČż àČšàł†àČČàł†àČžàČżàČŠàČ°àł)
(4) àȕàČŸàČ„àł ± àČ”àČŸàČŸàłàČŸàł-àČȘàł ± 1/42
6. àČŻàČźàČŸàȕàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/42
(àČœàł‹àČĄàČż àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàČŠ; àČœàł‹àČĄàČżàČŻàČŸàȗàČżàČŠàłàČŠàł, àȅàȂàČŹàČż-
àČ”àłàČŻàČ•àłàČ€àČżàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ€àČŸàȂàČ€àłàČ°àČżàȕ àČȘàČŠàȗàČł àČšàČżàȖàČ°àČ”àČŸàČŠ àČŹàČłàČ•àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČ”àłàČŻàČŸàČ–àłàČŻàČŸàČšàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŸàČ°àł†)
(5) àČŻàČźàȕàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/42, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ àČšàČŸàČšàł
(6) àČŻàČźàȕàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/42, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ II
(7) àČŻàČźàȕàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/42, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ III
7. àČȘàČŸàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ
(àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàČŠ àČžàȂàČŹàȂàȧàȗàČłàł; 24 àČ·àČ°àČ€àłàČ€àłàȗàČł àČŻàł‹àȜàČšàł†àČŻ àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àČ°àČŁàł†
àČžàȂàČŹàȂàȧàȗàČłàł [paccaya] àȇàČŠàł àȅàČ°àłàČ„àČźàČŸàČĄàČżàČ•àłŠàČłàłàČłàČČàł àČžàȂàČȘàł‚àČ°àłàČŁ àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČžàłàČ„àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČ°àł‚àČȘàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àȧàČźàłàČźàČŠ àȇàČĄàł€ àČŹàłàČ°àČčàłàČźàČŸàȂàČĄàČŠ àČŻàȂàČ€àłàČ°àȶàČŸàČžàłàČ€àłàČ°)
(😎 àČȘàłˆàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ àČšàČŸàČšàł
(9) àČȘàłˆàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ II
(10) àČȘàłˆàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ-àČȘàł ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ III
(11) àČȘàłˆàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ IV
(12) àČȘàłˆàČčàł ± àČšàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i, àČžàȂàČȘàłàȟ àČ”àČż
(1) p ± r ± jika-p ± 1/4i àČ­àČżàČ•àł
p ± r ± jik ± (àČčàłŠàČ°àČčàČŸàČ•àłàČ”àČżàČ•àł†) 4
àČžàČŸàČ˜àł‡àČĄàłàČžàł ℱ (àČžàȂàȘàČŠ àČžàČ­àł†àȗàČłàł) 13
aniyat ± (àȅàČšàČżàČ°àłàČŠàČżàČ·àłàȟ) 2
àČšàČżàČžàłàČŻàČŸàȗàČżàČŻàČŸ ± àČȘàČż ± àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČż ± (àČšàČżàČ·àł‡àȧàČŠàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† àČźàłàČ•àłàČ€àČŸàČŻ) 30
(2) àČȘàČż ± àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČżàČŻàČŸ-àČȘàČż ± 1/4i
àČžàłàČĄàłàČčàČŸ àČȘàČż ± àČžàČżàČŸàłàȟàČż ± (àČžàČŸàČźàČŸàČšàłàČŻ àȎàČ•àłàČžàłàČ•àłàČŻàČ€àł†) 92
p ± àČŸàłˆàȗàČ°àł€àČšàČż ± (àČ€àČȘàłàČȘàłŠàČȘàłàČȘàČżàČ—àł† àČźàČ°àł: àȆàČČàłàČźàłàČžàł àČ«àłàČĄàł) 4
àČžàł†àȖàČżàČŻàČŸ (àȶàČżàČ·àłàȟàČŸàȚàČŸàČ°àČŠ àČŹàČ—àłàČ—àł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȅàČČàȂàȕàČŸàČ°àȗàČł àČŹàČ—àłàČ—àł†) 75
àȆàČŠàČżàȕàČŸàČ°àČžàČźàČ€àł ± (àȕàČŸàČšàł‚àČšàł àČȘàłàČ°àČ•àłàČ°àČżàČŻàł†) 7
(àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČšàČż àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† àČźàłàČ•àłàČ€àČŸàČŻàČ”àČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†) ______
227
àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČšàČż
8
[17]
0 àČŠ
[30]
166
8
75
[7]
______
311
2. àȖàȂàČĄàČŸàȕ [àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČł àȎàČ°àČĄàł àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕàȗàČłàł]
(3) mAh ± vagga-p ± 1/4i (10 àČ”àČżàČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàł [àȖàȂàČĄàČŸàȕàČžàł]; àȐàČ€àČżàČčàČŸàČžàČżàȕ àȖàČŸàČ€àł†àȗàČłàłŠàȂàČŠàČżàČ—àł† àČȘàłàČ°àČŸàČ°àȂàČ­àČ”àČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàł‹àČŠàČŻ, àČźàłŠàČŠàČČ àČŠàłŒàČ°àłàȜàČšàłàČŻàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàȂàȘàČŠ àȆàČ°àȂàČ­àČżàȕ àČŹàł†àČłàČ”àČŁàČżàČ—àł†;
àČžàȂàȘàČŠ àČ•àłàČ°àČżàČŻàł†àȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČšàČżàČŻàȂàČ€àłàČ°àČżàČžàłàČ” àČ•àł†àČłàȗàČżàČš àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČ”àČżàČ”àČ°àČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†:
1. àȆàČŠàł‡àȶàČ•àłàČ•àł† àČȘàłàČ°àČ”àł‡àȶàČ•àłàȕàČŸàȗàČż àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł (àČŻàłàČȘàČŸàČžàČŸàȂàČȘàČŠàł ±)
2. uposatha àČžàČ­àł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł P ± Timokkha àČš àČ”àČŸàȚàČš
3. àČźàČłàł†àČŻ àȋàČ€àłàČ”àČżàČšàČČàłàČČàČż àČšàČżàČ”àČŸàČž (àČ”àČžàłàČžàČŸ)
4. àČžàČźàČŸàČ°àȂàČ­àČ”àł àČȘàČŸàČ”àł ↑ àČ°àČŸàČ”àł ± àȎàȂàČŠàł àȕàČ°àł†àČŻàČČàłàČȘàČĄàłàČ” àČ”àČžàłàČžàČŸàČšàČšàłàČšàł àČ€àł€àČ°àłàČźàČŸàČšàČżàČžàČżàČŠàł†
5. àȉàČĄàłàČ—àł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàł€àČ àł‹àČȘàȕàČ°àČŁàȗàČł àČČàł‡àȖàČšàȗàČłàł àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł
6. àȔàČ·àȧ àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȆàČčàČŸàČ°
7. àČšàČżàČČàłàČ”àȂàȗàČżàČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČ”àČŸàČ°àłàČ·àČżàȕ àČ”àČżàČ€àČ°àČŁàł† (àȕàČŸàČ«àČżàČšàČŸ)
8. àȅàČšàČŸàČ°àł‹àČ—àłàČŻàČŠ àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČ•àłàČžàł, àČžàłàČČàł€àČȘàČżàȂàČ—àł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČšàČżàČČàłàČ”àȂàȗàČż àČ”àČžàłàČ€àłàȗàČłàČżàČ—àł† àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł
9. àČžàȂàȘàČŠ àČ”àČżàȚàČŸàČ°àČŁàł† àČšàČĄàł†àČžàłàČ” àČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČš
10. àČŻàł‹àȜàČšàł†àȗàČł àČȘàłàČ°àȕàČ°àČŁàȗàČłàČČàłàČČàČż àČȘàłàČ°àČ•àłàČ°àČżàČŻàł†àȗàČłàł
(4) c31/4avagga-p ± 1/4i (àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àȕàČČàłàČ”àČŸàČ”àČŸàȗ) (12 àȖàȂàČĄàČŸàȕàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àČ·àłàČŸàł àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàłàČ°àłŠàČžàł-
àČžàČŸàȗàČŸàȕàČźàłàČź àȎàȂàČŠàł àȕàČ°àł†àČŻàČČàłàČȘàČĄàłàČ” àČžàČŸàȂàČžàłàČ„àČżàȕ àȚàČŸàłàČ”àȟàČżàČ•àł†àȗàČłàł àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàȗàČłàČżàȗàČŸàȗàČż àČĄàČ°àłàȗàČłàł:
1. àČžàȂàȘàČ•àłàČ•àł† àČźàłàȂàȚàČżàČ€àČ”àČŸàȗàČż àČŹàČ°àłàČ” àȅàČȘàČ°àČŸàȧàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àȎàČŠàłàČ°àČżàČžàČČàł àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł
(àČžàČŸàČ˜àł ± àČĄàČżàČžàłàČžàČŸ)
2. àČȘàČ°àł€àČ•àłàČ·àł†àČŻ àČźàł‡àČČàł† àČ­àČżàȖàȖàČšàłàČšàł àČčàČŸàČ•àłàČ” àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàł
3. àČ­àł€àȖàČŸàČ°àČżàȂàČŠ àȅàČȘàČ°àČŸàȧàȗàČł àČžàȂàČ—àłàČ°àČčàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àȎàČŠàłàČ°àČżàČžàČČàł àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàł
4. àČžàȂàȘàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȕàČŸàČšàł‚àČšàł àČ”àČżàȧàČŸàČšàȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł àČšàł†àČČàł†àČ—àłŠàČłàČżàČžàłàČ” àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł
5. àȇàČ€àČ°àł†. àČžàłàČšàČŸàČš, àȉàČĄàłàČ—àł†, àȇàČ€àłàČŻàČŸàČŠàČżàȗàČłàČżàČ—àł† àČšàČżàČŻàČźàȗàČłàł.
6. àČ”àČŸàČžàČžàłàČ„àČŸàČšàȗàČłàł, àČȘàł€àČ àł‹àČȘàȕàČ°àČŁàȗàČłàł, àČ”àČžàČ€àČż, àȇàČ€àłàČŻàČŸàČŠàČż.
7. àČŻàł‹àȜàČšàł†àȗàČłàł
8. àȶàČżàČ•àłàČ·àȕàČ°àł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČšàČ”àȶàČżàČ·àłàČŻàČ° àČ­àłàČ•àłàȕàČžàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àȕàČ°àłàČ€àČ”àłàČŻàȗàČł àČ€àČ°àȗàČ€àČżàȗàČłàł
9. àČȘàČż ± àČ€àČżàČźàłŠàČ•àłàȖàČŸàČŠàČżàȂàČŠ àČčàłŠàČ°àȗàČżàČĄàłàČ”àČżàČ•àł†
10. àČ­àČżàČ•àłàČ•àłàČšàČżàČžàłàČš àȆàČ°àłàČĄàČżàČšàł‡àČ·àČšàł àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČžàł‚àȚàČšàł†
11. àȆàČ°àł ± àȜàČŸàȗàČŸàČčàČŸàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż 1 àČšàł‡ àČ•àłŒàČšàłàČžàČżàČČàłàČš àȖàČŸàČ€àł†
12. àČ”àł†àČžàł ± li àČšàČČàłàČČàČż 2 àČšàł‡ àČ•àłŒàČšàłàČžàČżàČČàłàČš àȖàČŸàČ€àł†
3. Pariv ± RA-P ± 1/4I [àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻàČŸ àČžàČŸàČ°àČŸàȂàȶ, àȒàȂàČŠàł àČ°àł€àČ€àČżàČŻàČČàłàČČàČż àČ”àłàČŻàČ”àČžàłàČ„àł†
àČžàł‚àȚàČšàł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČȘàČ°àł€àČ•àłàČ·àł†àȗàČŸàȗàČż àČ•àłàČŻàČŸàČŸàł†àȚàČżàČžàČźàł]
(5) Pariv ± RA-P ± 1/4I àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ àȐàČŠàČšàł‡ àČȘàłàČžàłàČ€àȕ àČ°àł€àČĄàČ°àł àȅàČšàłàČšàł àČžàČ•àłàČ°àČżàČŻàČ—àłŠàČłàČżàČžàłàČ” àȒàȂàČŠàł àČ°àł€àČ€àČżàČŻ àČ•àłˆàČȘàČżàČĄàČżàČŻàČŸàȗàČż àȕàČŸàČ°àłàČŻàČšàČżàČ°àłàČ”àČčàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČ”àČżàČšàČŸàČŻ àČȘàČżàČŻàČžàČŸàȕàČŠ àČžàȂàČȘàł‚àČ°àłàČŁ àČ”àČżàČ¶àłàČČàł‡àČ·àČŁàČŸàČ€àłàČźàȕ àČžàČźàł€àČ•àłàČ·àł†àČŻàČšàłàČšàł àČźàČŸàČĄàČČàł.
àČžàłàČŸàłàȟ àČȘàČżàČŻàČ°àČŸàȕàČŸ -àČĄàČżàȗàČŸ àČšàČżàČ•àł
àČĄàČżàȎàČšàł 9 -
Poáč­áč­hapāda àČžàł‚àČŸàłàȟàČŸ
{àȆàČŻàłàČŠ àČ­àČŸàȗàȗàČłàł}
- Pouhapāda àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàł†àȗàČłàł -
Poáč­áč­hapāda àČ”àČżàČ”àČżàȧ àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàł†àȗàČłàČšàłàČšàł sañnā àČžàłàČ”àČ°àł‚àČȘàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àČȘàłàČ°àČ¶àłàČšàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àȗàČźàČšàČżàČžàČż: àČžàČ°àČł àČȘàČ àłàČŻàȗàČłàł
àȈàȗ, àČČàČŸàČ°àłàČĄàł, àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł† àČźàłŠàČŠàČČ, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČœàłàȞàČŸàČš àČšàȂàČ€àČ° àȉàȂàȟàČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†; àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČźàČŸàČĄàł
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àł àČźàłŠàČŠàČČàł àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł† àČšàȂàČ€àČ°; àȅàČ„àČ”àČŸ àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł† àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àł àȏàȕàȕàČŸàČČàČŠàČČàłàČČàČż àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†?
Pothatapada, àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł† àČźàłŠàČŠàČČàł àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČš àČšàȂàČ€àČ°. àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČŠ àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ”àČżàČ•àł†àČŻàł àȉàȂàȟàČŸàČ—àłàČ”àłàČŠàČ°àČżàȂàČŠ àČŹàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł†. àȒàȂàČŠàł àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, ‘àȇàČŠàł àČšàČšàłàČš àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àČšàłàČšàł àȅàČ”àČČàȂàČŹàČżàČžàČżàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàČżàČŠàł†. ‘àČ€àČŸàČ°àłàȕàČżàȕàČ€àł†àČŻ àȈ àČžàČŸàČČàČżàČš àČźàł‚àČČàȕ àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČžàČŹàČčàłàČŠàł
àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł†àČŻàł àČźàłŠàČŠàČČàł àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČŠ àČšàȂàČ€àČ°, àČźàČ€àłàČ€àł àČčàł‡àČ—àł† àȉàȂàȟàČŸàČ—àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàČ”àł àČ—àłàČ°àČčàČżàČ•àł†àČŻ àȉàČŠàłàČ­àČ”àČżàČžàłàČ”àČżàČ•àł†àČŻàČżàȂàČŠ àČŹàČ°àłàČ€àłàČ€àČŠàł†.
àČœàłàȞàČŸàČšàł‹àČŠàČŻ | àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧàČš àČŠàČ°àłàȶàČš | àČ—àłŒàČ€àČźàł àČŹàłàČŠàłàȧ part-11 | Dr Gururaj Karajagi
Knowledge is Spherical
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“Evam me sutam” — “Thus have I heard.”
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All the original sermons chanting heard during the Buddha’s forty-five year teaching career.
Most of these sermons therefore begin with the disclaimer, “Evam me sutam” — “Thus have I heard.”
After
the Buddha’s death the teachings continued to be passed down orally
within the monastic community, in keeping with an Prabuddha Bharathian
oral tradition
that long predated the Buddha.
By 250 BCE the Sangha had systematically
arranged and compiled these teachings into three divisions: the Vinaya
Pitaka (the “basket of discipline” — the texts
concerning
the rules and customs of the Sangha), the Sutta Pitaka (the “basket of
discourses” — the sermons and utterances by the Buddha and his close
disciples), and the Abhidhamma Pitaka (the “basket of special/higher
doctrine” — a detailed psycho-philosophical analysis of the Dhamma).
Together these three are known as the Tipitaka, the “three baskets.” In
the third century BCE Sri Lankan monks began compiling a series of
exhaustive commentaries to the Tipitaka; these were subsequently
collated and translated into Pali beginning in the fifth century CE.
The
Tipitaka plus the post-canonical texts (commentaries, chronicles, etc.)
together constitute the complete body of classical Theravada
literature.
Pali
was originally a spoken language with no alphabet of its own. It wasn’t
until about 100 BCE that the Tipitaka was first fixed in writing, by
Sri Lankan scribe-monks, who wrote the
Pali
phonetically in a form of early Brahmi script. Since then the Tipitaka
has been transliterated into many different scripts (Devanagari, Thai, Burmese, Roman, Cyrillic, to name a few).
Although
English translations of the most popular Tipitaka texts abound, many
students of Theravada find that learning the Pali language — even just a
little bit here and there — greatly deepens their understanding and
appreciation of the Buddha’s teachings.
It is the truth towards which the words in the Tipitaka point that ultimately matters, not the words themselves.
Tipitaka
will quietly continue to serve — as it has for centuries — as an
indispensable guide for millions of followers in their quest for
Awakening.
A Brief Summary of the Buddha’s Teachings
The Four Noble Truths
Shortly
after his Awakening, the Buddha delivered his first sermon, in which he
laid out the essential framework upon which all his later teachings
were
based. This framework consists of the Four Noble Truths, four
fundamental principles of nature (Dhamma) that emerged from the Buddha’s
radically honest and penetrating assessment of the human condition. He
taught these truths not as metaphysical theories or as articles of
faith, but as categories by which we should frame our direct experience
in a way that conduces to Awakening:
Dukkha: suffering, unsatisfactoriness, discontent, stress;
The
cause of dukkha: the cause of this dissatisfaction is craving (tanha)
for sensuality, for states of becoming, and states of no becoming;
The cessation of dukkha: the relinquishment of that craving;
The
path of practice leading to the cessation of dukkha: the Noble
Eightfold Path of right view, right resolve, right speech, right action,
right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration.
Because of our ignorance (avijja) of these Noble Truths,
because of our inexperience in framing the world in their terms, we
remain bound to samsara, the wearisome cycle of birth, aging, illness,
death, and rebirth. Craving propels this process onward, from one moment
to the next and over the course of countless lifetimes, in accordance
with kamma, the universal law of cause and effect. According to this
immutable law, every action that one performs in the present moment —
whether by body, speech, or mind itself — eventually bears fruit
according to its skillfulness: act in unskillful and harmful ways and
unhappiness is bound to follow; act skillfully and happiness will
ultimately ensue. As long as one remains ignorant of this principle, one
is doomed to an aimless existence: happy one moment, in despair the
next; enjoying one lifetime in heaven, the next in hell.
The
Buddha discovered that gaining release from samsara requires assigning
to each of the Noble Truths a specific task: the first Noble Truth is to
be comprehended; the second, abandoned; the third, realized; the fourth,
developed. The full realization of the third Noble Truth paves the way
for Awakening: the end of ignorance, craving, suffering, and kamma
itself; the direct penetration to the transcendent freedom and supreme
happiness that stands as the final goal of all the Buddha’s teachings;
the Unconditioned, the Deathless, Unbinding — Nibbana the Eternal Bliss.
The Eightfold Path and the Practice of Dhamma
Because
the roots of ignorance are so intimately entwined with the fabric of
the psyche, the unawakened mind is capable of deceiving itself with
breathtaking ingenuity. The solution therefore requires more than simply
being kind, loving, and mindful in the present moment. The practitioner must
equip him- or herself with the expertise to use a range of tools to
outwit, outlast, and eventually uproot the mind’s unskillful tendencies.
For example, the practice of generosity (dana) erodes the mind’s
habitual tendencies towards craving and teaches valuable lessons
about
the motivations behind, and the results of, skillful action. The
practice
of virtue (sila) guards one against straying wildly off-course and into
harm’s way. The cultivation of goodwill (metta) helps to undermine
anger’s seductive grasp. The ten recollections offer ways to alleviate
doubt, bear physical pain with composure, maintain a healthy sense of
self-respect, overcome laziness and complacency, and restrain oneself
from unbridled lust. And there are many more skills to learn.
The
good qualities that emerge and mature from these practices not only
smooth the way for the journey to Nibbana; over time they have the
effect of transforming the practitioner into a more generous, loving,
compassionate, peaceful, and clear-headed member of society.
The individual’s sincere pursuit of Awakening is thus a priceless and timely gift to a world in desperate need of help.
Discernment (pañña)
The
Eightfold Path is best understood as a collection of personal qualities
to be developed, rather than as a sequence of steps along a linear
path. The development of right view and right resolve (the factors
classically identified with wisdom and discernment) facilitates the
development of right speech, action, and livelihood (the factors
identified with virtue). As virtue develops so do the factors identified
with concentration (right effort, mindfulness, and concentration).
Likewise,
as concentration matures, discernment evolves to a still deeper level.
And so the process unfolds: development of one factor fosters
development of the next, lifting the practitioner in an upward spiral
of spiritual maturity that eventually culminates in Awakening.
The
long journey to Awakening begins in earnest with the first tentative
stirrings of right view — the discernment by which one recognizes the
validity of the four Noble Truths and the principle of kamma.
One
begins to see that one’s future well-being is neither predestined by
fate, nor left to the whims of a divine being or random chance. The
responsibility for one’s happiness rests squarely on one’s own
shoulders. Seeing this, one’s spiritual aims become suddenly clear: to relinquish
the habitual unskillful tendencies of the mind in favor of skilful
ones. As this right resolve grows stronger, so does the heartfelt desire
to live a morally upright life, to choose one’s actions with care.
At
this point many followers make the inward commitment to take the
Buddha’s teachings to heart, to become “Buddhist” through the
act of taking refuge in the Triple Gem: the Buddha (both the historical
Buddha and one’s own innate potential for Awakening), the Dhamma (both
the Buddha’s teachings and the ultimate Truth towards which they point),
and the Sangha (both the unbroken monastic lineage that has preserved
the teachings since the Buddha’s day, and all those who have achieved at
least some degree of Awakening). With one’s feet thus planted on solid
ground, and with the help of an admirable friend or teacher
(kalyanamitta) to guide the way, one is now well-equipped to proceed
down the Path, following in the footsteps left by the Buddha himself.
Virtue (sila)
Right
view and right resolve continue to mature through the development of
the path factors associated with sila, or virtue — namely, right speech,
right action, and right livelihood.
These
are condensed into a very practical form in the five precepts, the
basic code of ethical conduct to which every practicing Buddhist
subscribes: refraining from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying,
and using intoxicants. Even the monks’ complex code of 227 rules and
the nuns’ 311 ultimately have these five basic precepts at their core.
Concentration (samadhi)
Having
gained a foothold in the purification of one’s outward behavior through
the
practice of sila, the essential groundwork has been laid for delving
into the most subtle and transformative aspect of the path: meditation
and the development of samadhi, or concentration. This is spelled
out in detail in the final three path factors: right effort, by which
one learns how to favor skillful qualities of mind over unskillful ones;
right mindfulness, by which one learns to keep one’s attention
continually grounded in the present moment of experience; and right
concentration, by which one learns to immerse the mind so thoroughly and
unwaveringly in its meditation object that it enters jhana, a series of
progressively deeper states of mental and physical tranquillity.
Right
mindfulness and right concentration are developed in tandem through
satipatthana (”frames of reference” or “foundations of mindfulness”), a
systematic approach to meditation practice that embraces a wide range of
skills and techniques. Of these practices, mindfulness of the body
(especially mindfulness of breathing) is particularly effective at
bringing into balance the twin qualities of tranquillity (samatha) and
insight (vipassana), or clear-seeing. Through persistent practice, the
meditator becomes more adept at bringing the combined powers of
samatha-vipassana to bear in an exploration of the fundamental nature of mind
and bodyAs the meditator masters the ability to frame his immediate
experience in terms of anicca (inconstancy), dukkha, and anatta
(not-self), even the subtlest manifestations of these three
characteristics of experience are brought into exquisitely sharp focus.
At
the same time, the root cause of dukkha — craving — is relentlessly
exposed to the light of awareness. Eventually craving is left with no
place to hide, the entire karmic process that fabricates dukkha
unravels,
the eightfold path reaches its noble climax, and the meditator gains,
at long last, his or her first unmistakable glimpse of the Unconditioned
Nibbana the Eternal Bliss.
Awakening
This
first awakenment experience, known as stream-entry (sotapatti), is the
first of four progressive stages of Awakening, each of which entails the
irreversible shedding
or weakening of several fetters (samyojana), the manifestations of
ignorance that bind a person to the cycle of birth and death.
Stream-entry marks an unprecedented and radical turning point both in the
practitioner’s current life and in the entirety of his or her long
journey in samsara. For it is at this point that any lingering doubts
about the truth of the Buddha’s teachings disappear; it is at this point
that any belief in the purifying efficacy of rites and rituals
evaporates; and it is at this point that the long-cherished notion of an
abiding personal “self” falls away. The stream-enterer is said to be
assured of no more than seven future rebirths (all of them favorable)
before eventually attaining full Awakening.
But full Awakening is still
a long way off. As the practitioner presses on with renewed diligence,
he or she passes through two more significant landmarks:
once-returning
(sakadagati), which is accompanied by the weakening of I the fetters of
sensual desire and ill-will, and non-returning (agati), in which these
two fetters are uprooted altogether.
The final stage of Awakening —
arahatta — occurs when even the most refined and subtle levels of
craving and conceit are irrevocably extinguished.
At
this point the practitioner — now an arahant, or “worthy one” — arrives
at the end-point of the Buddha’s teaching. With ignorance, suffering, stress,
and rebirth having all come to their end, the arahant at last can utter
the victory cry first proclaimed by the Buddha upon his Awakening:
“Birth is ended, the holy life fulfilled, the task done! There is nothing further for the sake of this world.”
— MN 36
The
arahant lives out the remainder of his or her life inwardly enjoying
the bliss of Nibbana, secure at last from the possibility of any future
rebirth. When the arahant’s aeons-long trail of past kamma eventually
unwinds to its end, the arahant dies and he or she enters into
parinibbana — total Unbinding. Although language utterly fails at
describing this extraordinary event, the Buddha likened it to what
happens when a fire finally burns up all its fuel.
“The
serious pursuit of happiness” Buddhism is sometimes naïvely criticized
as a “negative” or “pessimistic” religion and philosophy. Surely life is
not all misery and disappointment: it offers many kinds of happiness
and sublime joy. Why then this dreary Buddhist obsession with
unsatisfactoriness and suffering?
The
Buddha based his teachings on a frank assessment of our plight as
humans: there is unsatisfactoriness and suffering in the world. No one
can argue this fact. Dukkha lurks behind even the highest forms of
worldly pleasure and joy, for, sooner or later, as surely as night
follows day, that happiness must come to an end. Were the Buddha’s teachings
to stop there, we might indeed regard them as pessimistic and life as
utterly hopeless. But, like a doctor who prescribes a remedy for an
illness, the Buddha offers both a hope (the third Noble Truth) and a
cure (the fourth). The Buddha’s teachings thus give cause for
unparalleled optimism and joy. The teachings offer as their reward the
noblest, truest kind of happiness, and give profound value and meaning
to an otherwise grim existence. One modern teacher summed it up well:
“Buddhism is the serious pursuit of happiness.”
Theravada Comes West
Until
the late 19th century, the teachings of Theravada were little known
outside of southern Asia, where they had flourished for some two and
one-half millennia. In the past century, however, the West has begun to
take notice of Theravada’s unique spiritual legacy in its teachings of
Awakening.
In recent decades this interest has swelled, with the monastic Sangha
from various schools within Theravada establishing dozens of monasteries
across Europe and North America. Increasing numbers of lay meditation
centers, founded and operated independently of
the
monastic Sangha, strain to meet the demands of lay men and women —
Buddhist and otherwise — seeking to learn selected aspects of the
Buddha’s teachings.
The
turn of the 21st century presents both opportunities and dangers for
Theravada in the West: Will the Buddha’s teachings be patiently studied
and put into practice, and allowed toestablish deep roots in Western
soil, for the benefit of many generations to come? Will the current
popular Western climate of “openness”
and cross-fertilization between spiritual traditions lead to the
emergence of a strong new form of Buddhist practice unique to the modern
era, or will it simply lead to confusion and the dilution of these
priceless teachings? These are open questions; only time will tell.
Spiritual
teachings of every description inundate the media and the marketplace
today. Many of today’s popular spiritual teachings borrow liberally from
the Buddha, though only rarely do they place the Buddha’s words in
their true context. Earnest seekers of truth are therefore often faced
with the unsavory task of wading through fragmentary teachings of
dubious accuracy.
How are we to make sense of it all?
Fortunately
the Buddha left us with some simple guidelines to help us navigate
through this bewildering flood. Whenever you find yourself questioning
the authenticity of a particular teaching, heed well the Buddha’s advice
to his stepmother:
[The
teachings that promote]
the qualities of which you may know, ‘These qualities lead to passion,
not to dispassion; to being fettered, not to being unfettered; to
accumulating, not to shedding; to self-aggrandizement, not to modesty;
to discontent, not to contentment; to entanglement, not to seclusion;
to laziness, not to aroused persistence; to being burdensome, not to
being unburdensome’: You may categorically hold, ‘This is not the
Dhamma, this is not the Vinaya, this is not the Teacher’s instruction.’
[As for the teachings that promote] the qualities of
which
you may know, ‘These qualities lead to dispassion, not to passion; to
being unfettered, not to being fettered; to shedding, not to
accumulating; to modesty, not to self-aggrandizement; to contentment,not
to discontent; to seclusion, not to entanglement; to aroused persistence,
not to laziness; to being unburdensome, not to being burdensome’: You
may categorically hold, ‘This is the Dhamma, this is the Vinaya, this is
the Teacher’s instruction.’
— AN 8.53
The truest test of these teachings, of course, is whether they yield the
promised results in the crucible of your own heart.
The Buddha presents the challenge; the rest is up to you.
END
NAM MO SHAKYAMUNI BUDDHA.( 3
TIMES ).
RESEARCH THEREVADA RELIGION BY BACH LIEN HOA.( TAM THANH
).MHDT.30/3/2012.
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10 Life Lessons From Buddha (Buddhism)
In
this video we will be talking about 10 Life Lessons From Buddha.
Gautama Buddha was a philosopher, meditator, spiritual teacher, and
religious leader who …

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