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Free Online Benevloent Awakened One JC PURE INSPIRATION to Attain NIBBĀNA the Eternal Bliss and for free birds 🐦 🦢 🦅 to grow fruits 🍍 🍊 🥑 🥭 🍇 🍌 🍎 🍉 🍒 🍑 🥝 vegetables 🥦 🥕 🥗 🥬 🥔 🍆 🥜 🪴 🌱 🎃 🫑 🍅🍜 🧅 🍄 🍝 🥗 🥒 🌽 🍏 🫑 🌳 🍓 🍊 🥥 🌵 🍈 🌰 🇧🇧 🫐 🍅 🍐 🫒 Youniversity
Free Online Benevloent Awakened One JC PURE INSPIRATION to Attain NIBBĀNA the Eternal Bliss and for free birds 🐦 🦢 🦅 to grow fruits 🍍 🍊 🥑 🥭 🍇 🍌 🍎 🍉 🍒 🍑 🥝 vegetables 🥦 🥕 🥗 🥬 🥔 🍆 🥜 🪴 🌱 🎃 🫑 🍅🍜 🧅 🍄 🍝 🥗 🥒 🌽 🍏 🫑 🌳 🍓 🍊 🥥 🌵 🍈 🌰 🇧🇧 🫐 🍅 🍐 🫒 Youniversity
Kushinara NIBBĀNA Bhumi Pagoda White Home, Puniya Bhumi Bengaluru, Prabuddha Bharat International.

May 2022
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LESSONS 4446 Sat 28 4447 Sun 29 4448 Mon 30 May 2022 15. FIFTEEN Daily Wisdom Walking 🚶‍♂️ 🚶 🚶‍♀️ the path with the Buddha
Filed under: General, Theravada Tipitaka , Plant raw Vegan Broccoli, peppers, cucumbers, carrots
Posted by: site admin @ 8:47 am

LESSONS 4446 Sat 28 4447 Sun 29 4448 Mon 30 May 2022


Daily Wisdom
Walking 🚶‍♂️ 🚶 🚶‍♀️ the path with the Buddha

Work out 💪 your own😣
salvation. Do not
depend on others.

Life is a river always
flowing, do not hold
on to things. Work hard.

This song 🎶 🎵 🎧is for the soil
that’s toxic clear down to
the bedrock
Where no thing of
consequences can grow
Drop your seeds there, let
them go
Let them all go
Let ‘em all go
~ the mountain ⛰ goats 🐐

complete list of online and offline Buddha’s 🎥 movie makers in all languages with their contact address details with pictures and videos plants 🌱 in pots 🪴

Respected Sir,
I received your kind invitation to Pondicherry Swimathon at West Tambaram on 29-5-2022 morning. I went to Kottakuppam Senenity Beach Road to participate in 10km 🌊 ocean swimming 🏊 🏊‍♂️ 🏊‍♀️ event. Many 👨 swimmers returned back as the ocean had high waves. I saw 👀 my friend Muthukrishnan from Bengaluru also. My humble request is for the organisers to issue us certificates to be shared in all social media including more than 5000 emails, WhatsApp, Telegram, Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, In and so on.


Pondicherry Open Swimathon 2022

May 29, 2022

07:00 AM (Asia/Kolkata)

Serenity Beach Road, Serenity Beach Road Kottakuppam

Event is sold out. Please contact organizer for more details.
Report Issues

For the very first time,India Endurance and the House of DIT committed to organizing high quality endurance sports events in India and dedicated to promoting health and fitness brings you Pondicherry Open water Swimathon.Pioneers of India’s best endurance events like Delhi International Triathlon, Ultraman India, Delhi Swimathon, Dharamshala Half Marathon ,G2G,K2K
India Endurance in association with DIT and Delhi Randonneurs now brings you an open water challenge in pristine and quiet sandy Serenity Beach of Pondicherry.
Get ready to be blown away by the coastal charm of Pondicherry! If you’re looking for a getaway and to unwind on a trip, the beaches on Pondi are an ideal escape to get away from the Monday blues and enjoy life one day at a time
Besides the run
Whether you’re someone looking for solitude or a party environment, the happening…..beaches in Pondicherry will surely entice you. You can relax on the soft sand, party by the waters, walk along the shores, watch beautiful sunrises, do some surfing, build sand castles, try adventurous water sports, or spend a romantic evening with your partner. Woo! We know there’s so much to do or even travel to Rameshwaram and visit Dhanushkodi and even to Kanyakumari aka Cape Comorin and the Windmill farms around after the swim.





500 Meters Kids

Age Categories M/F





Kids 8-16 yrs

Organiser : chiro p mitra
chiro p mitra
Ask Organiser

Now I am 80 years old. I did ocean swimming at Sri Lankha and also won 🥇 lots of gold medals 🏅 🎖 in National and State level Masters Swimming competitions.Now I am in West Tambaram. I wish to participate in Pondicherry Swimathon on 29-5-2022. Please 🙏 let me know to proceed to be part of the event

Sir,The EVENT has been postponed and cancelled due to marine climatic problems in due course permission not issued

We all,muthukrishna(BEcivil) and Gopal krishna met on serenity beach.Some groups indulged with Organisors reg. Refunds & all that…
Respected Sindia Ji

Grow vegetables 🥦 🥕 🥗 and fruit 🍌 🍎 🍉 plants 🌱 in pots 🪴to overcome hunger the worst kind of illness as said by the Awakened One ☝️. That will be people’s successful movement.let’s contact all online and offline movie makers to spend their TIME and TAlENT for this NOBLE CAUSE!

Let us remember Jagadale ji who suggested to create swimming 🏊 🏊‍♂️ 🏊‍♀️ pools throughout Karnataka including for the differently challenged. We can also plant 🌱 fruit 🍌 🍎 🍉 bearing trees 🌳 🌲 throughout the world 🗺 🌍 🌎 like 👍 Ashoka the Great 😊.


Film & Television Production Companies for Screenwriters

If you’re unsure how to approach a film or television production company when marketing your screenplay, please click on Get an Agent for some sound advice.

If you’d like an example of a professional query letter to pitch your screenplay or television spec to Hollywood, click Query Letter to download one now.

Hollywood Screenwriting Directory
10th PDF Edition - $29.95

A specialized resource for discovering where and how to sell your screenplay, boasting over 4,000 listings and Exec contacts, including more email addresses and Facebook profiles and a new sample Submission Release Form.

* Please Note: Entertainment industry addresses frequently change as companies often merge or move offices. Meanwhile, hot shot agents and managers switch companies at the drop of a hat, so it’s best to contact the company first to make sure they have not moved. Try to speak to a receptionist to confirm.

INDEX: A-B | C-F | G-M | N-S | T-Z

1492 Pictures(Chris Columbus)
c/o Warner Brothers
4000 Warner Blvd., Bldg. 3
Burbank, CA 91522

3 Ring Circus Films
3699 Wilshire Blvd, Ste 1240
Los Angeles, CA 90010
(213) 251-3300 tel
(213) 251-3350 fax

3am Pictures
P.O. Box 639
San Gabriel, CA 91778
Fax: 309-416-8924
E-mail: query@3ampictures.com

40 Acres & A Mule Filmworks, Inc. (Spike Lee)
124 DeKalb Ave.
Brooklyn, NY 11217

@Radical Media
435 Hudson St.
New York, NY 10014

A & E Television Networks
235 E. 45th Street
New York, NY 10017

A Happy Place (Lance Bass)
15 Brooks Avenue
Venice, CA 90291

Abandon Entertainment
135 W. 50thSt., Ste 2305
New York, NY 10020
212-397-8361 fax

Acapella Pictures
8271 Melrose Ave. Ste 101
Los Angeles, CA 90046
323-782-8200 tel
323-782-8210 fax

Act III Productions (Norman Lear)
100 N. Crescent Dr. Ste 250
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
310-385-4111 tel
310-385-4148 fax

Agamemnon Films Inc.
650 N. Bronson Ave. Ste. B-225
Los Angeles, CA 90004

Alcon Entertainment
10390 Santa Monica Blvd, Ste 250
Los Angeles, CA 90025
310-789-3060 fax

Alliance Atlantis Motion Picture Group
808 Wilshire Blvd., Ste. 300
Santa Monica, CA 90401

Allied Filmmakers (Jake Eberts)
14-17 Marketplace
Great Titchfield Street
London, England W1W8AJ
9100 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 425 East
Beverly Hills, CA 90212

Alphaville (Sean Daniel/Jim Jacks)
5555 Melrose Ave., DeMille Bldg.
Hollywood, CA 90038

AM Productions & Management (Ann-Margaret/Burt Reynolds)
8899 Beverly Blvd. Ste. 713
Los Angeles, CA 90048
310-275-9082 fax

Amen Ra (Wesley Snipes)
520 Washington Blvd. #813
Marina Del Rey, CA 90292
310-550-1932 fax

American Empirical Productions (Wes Anderson)
36 East 23rd St., 6th Floor
New York, NY 10010

American Zoetrope (Francis Coppola/Fred Fuchs)
6747 Milner Rd.
Los Angeles, CA 90068
323-851-8803 fax

Angel Ark Productions (Jason Alexander)
5042 Wilshire Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90036

Angry Dragon Ent. (Dean Cain)
10202 Washington Blvd.
Culver City, CA 90232

Angry Films, Inc. (Don Murphy)
Columbia Pictures
10202 Washington Blvd., Poitier 3206
Culver City, CA 90232
310-244-2060 fax

Apatow Productions
2900 W. Olympic Blvd., Ste 141
Santa Monica, CA 90404
310-255-7025 fax

Apostle Pictures (Denis Leary)
1697 Broadway, Ste. 906
New York, NY 10019
E-mail: apostlepix@aol.com

Appian Way (Leonardo DiCaprio)
9255 Sunset Blvd., #615
West Hollywood, CA 90069

Appleseed Entertainment
9801 Amestay Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 91325

Arenas Entertainment
8010 Hollywood Boulevard
Los Angeles, CA 90046

Artisan Entertainment
2700 Colorado Blvd., 2nd Floor
Santa Monica, CA 90404
310-255-3940 fax

Artists’ Colony, The
256 S. Robertson Blvd, Ste 1500
Beverly Hills, CA 90211

Asis Productions (Jeff Bridges)
200 N. Larchmont Blvd, Ste 2
Los Angeles, CA 90004
323-871-4847 fax

Atelier Pictures
280 S. Beverly Dr. #500
Beverly Hills, CA 90212

Atkinson Way Films (Sam Waterson)
6121 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 201
Los Angeles, CA 90038
323-465-3344 fax

Atlantic Streamline
1323 A Third Street
Santa Monica, CA 90401
E-mail: info@atlanticstreamline.com

Atlas Entertainment (Charles Roven)
9200 Sunset Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90069

Atman Entertainment
7966 Beverly Blvd. 3rd Fl
Los Angeles, CA 90048

Attract Media
Attn: Paul Lindsey, New Projects
133 Wagstaff Lane
NG16 5JN
E-mail: scripts@attract.co.uk

Aurora Productions
8642 Melrose Ave. Ste 200
Los Angeles, CA 90069

Automatic Pictures
5225 Wilshire Blvd, Ste. 525
Los Angeles, CA 90036
323-935-8040 fax

Avenue Pictures
11111 Santa Monica Blvd., Suite 525
Los Angeles, CA 90025
310-473-4376 fax

Axial Entertainment
20 West 21st Street, 8th Floor
New York, NY 10010

Badham Co., The (John Badham)
3344 Cleredon Road
Beverly Hills, CA 90210
E-mail: development@badhamcompany.com

Bakula Productions, Inc. (Scott Bakula)
5555 Melrose Ave.
Los Angeles, CA 90038

Ballpark Productions
PO Box 508
Venice, CA 90294
310-577-9626 fax

Ballyhoo, Inc.
6738 Wedgewood Place
Los Angeles, CA 90068

Baltimore/Spring Creek Pictures, LLC
(Barry Levinson/Paula Weinstein)
4000 Warner Blvd.
Burbank, CA 91522-0768

Barnstorm Films (Tony Bill)
73 Market St.
Venice, CA 90291

Baum Productions, Carol
8899 Beverly Blvd., Ste 721
Los Angeles, CA 90048
310-550-2088 fax

Bay Films (Michael Bay)
631 Colorado Ave.
Santa Monica, CA 90401
310-319-6570 fax

Bazmark, Inc. (Baz Luhrman)
10201 W. Pico Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90035

Beacon Communications
120 Broadway #200
Santa Monica, CA 90401
310-260-7050 fax

Bedford Falls Co. (Ed Zwick)
409 Santa Monica Blvd., PH
Santa Monica, Ca 90401
310-394-5825 fax

Bel-Air Entertainment (Steve Reuther)
4000 Warner Blvd., Bldg. 66
Burbank, CA 91522
818-954-2838 fax

6735 Yucca St.
Hollywood, CA 90028
323-845-1640 tel
323-512-5347 fax

Bennett Productions, Harve
PO Box 825
Culver City, CA 90232

Berg Entertainment
7421 Beverly Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90036
323-930-9934 fax

Berman Productions, Rick
5555 Melrose Ave., St.. 232
Los Angeles, CA 90038
323-862-1076 fax

Bernstein Productions, Jay
PO Box 1148
Beverly Hills, CA 90213
310-858-1607 fax

Black Sheep Entertainment
4063 Radford Ave.
Studio City, CA 91604
818-769-2228 fax

Blinding Edge Pictures (M. Night Shyamalan)
P.O. Box 602
Conshohocken, PA 19428
610-260-9879 fax

Blue Bay Productions (Rod Liber)
1119 Colorado Ave., Ste. 100
Santa Monica, CA 90401

Blue Collar Productions
1041 North Formosa Ave.
Santa Monica East Building
Suite 201
West Hollywood, CA 90046
323- 850-2531 fax

Blue Relief (Diane Keaton)
15260 Ventura Blvd., Ste 1040
Sherman Oaks, CA 91403
310-822-1593 fax

Blue Rider Pictures
1600 Rosecrans Ave., Bldg. 6B, 3rd Fl
Manhattan Beach, CA 90266
310-727-3334 fax

Blue Tulip Productions (Jan De Bont)
1708 Berkeley Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404
310-582-1597 fax

Blue Wolf Productions
P. O. Box 210520
San Francisco, California 94121

Bob & Alice Productions (Bonnie Hunt)
11693 San Vicente Blvd.
Los Angeles, CA 90049

Bodega Bay Prods., Inc. (Michael Murphy)
P.O. Box 17338
Beverly Hills, CA 90209
310-271-5581 fax

Bona Fide Productions
8899 Beverly Blvd. Ste. 804
Los Angeles, CA 90048
310-273-7821 fax

Boxing Cat Productions (Tim Allen)
11500 Hart St.
North Hollywood, CA 91605
818-765-4975 fax

Boz Productions (Bo Zenga)
1632 N. Sierra Bonita Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90046-2816
323-876-3231 fax

Brave New Films
1948 N. Van Ness Avenue
Los Angeles, California 90068
323-962-9903 fax

Bregman Productions - IAC Prods.. (Martin&Michael Bregman)
150 E. 57th St. Penthouse 1A
NY, NY 10022

Brillstein-Grey Entertainment
9150 Wilshire Blvd, Ste 350
Beverly Hills, CA 90212
310-275-6180 fax

Brooksfilms, Ltd. (Mel Brooks)
9336 W. Washington Blvd.
Culver City, CA 90232
310-202-3225 fax

Brookwell/McNamara Entertainment
c/o Hollywood Center Studios
1040 N. Las Palmas, Bldg. #33, 2nd Floor
Hollywood, CA 90038

Brownhouse Productions (Whitney Houston)
c/o Walt Disney Studios
500 S. Buena Vista Street
Burbank, CA 91521

Bruckheimer Films, Jerry
1631 10th Street
Santa Monica, CA 90404

Bubble Factory, The
8840 Wilshire Blvd., 3rd Floor
Beverly Hills, CA 90211
310-358-3299 fax

Bungalow 78 Productions
5555 Melrose Ave., Lasky Bldg. #200
Los Angeles, CA 90038
323-862-2090 fax

Butchers Run Films (Robert Duvall)
1041 N. Formosa Ave., Santa Monica Bldg.
West Hollywood, CA 90046
323-850-2741 fax

* Please Note: Entertainment industry addresses frequently change as companies often merge or move offices. Meanwhile, hot shot agents and managers switch companies at the drop of a hat, so it’s best to contact the company first to make sure they have not moved. Try to speak to a receptionist to confirm.

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To be a working partner with all online and offline movie 🎥 makers for
Growing vegetables 🥦 🥕 🥗 and fruit 🍌 🍎 🍉 plants 🌱 in pots 🪴to overcome hunger the worst kind of illness as said by the Awakened One ☝️. That will be people’s successful movement.Wish to be a working partner with all online and offline movie makers to spend their TIME and TAlENT and to create swimming 🏊 🏊‍♂️ 🏊‍♀️ pools throughout the world including for the differently challenged. We can also plant 🌱 fruit 🍌 🍎 🍉 bearing trees 🌳 🌲 throughout the world 🗺 🌍 🌎 like 👍 Ashoka the Great 😊

WhatsApp: 9449260443
Mobile: 9449835876


An Exploratory Research Agenda for 3-D Virtual Worlds as Collaborative Learning Ecosystems: Extracting Evidences from Literature
by Benjamim Fonseca
Date added: 05/20/22
Learning and Teaching • Virtual Worlds • Meta Analysis and Systematic Review
Computer-supported online 3-D virtual world environments have been waxed and waned in interest and representativeness for supporting collaborative-and simulation-based practices. In a post-modern societal framework that requires inexpensive solutions for high-risk situations, research efforts in virtual worlds have developed a basis for understanding the use of virtual reality for multidisciplinary scenarios such as distance learning, training, therapy treatments, and social interaction. In this context, a recurrently updated research ..

“ஆரோக்கியம் மிகப்பெரிய பரிசு, மனநிறைவே மிகப்பெரிய செல்வம்.”

“ஒரு தாய் தன் ஒரே குழந்தையை நேசிப்பது போல் உலகம் முழுவதையும் நேசி.”

“நினைவுடன், முயற்சி செய்யுங்கள்.”

“நம்பிக்கை மற்றும் பிரார்த்தனை இரண்டும் கண்ணுக்கு தெரியாதவை, ஆனால் அவை சாத்தியமற்ற விஷயங்களை சாத்தியமாக்குகின்றன.”

“ஒரு கணம் ஒரு நாளை மாற்றும், ஒரு நாள் ஒரு வாழ்க்கையை மாற்றும், ஒரு வாழ்க்கை உலகை மாற்றும்.”

“மாற்றம் இல்லாமல் எதுவும் இல்லை.”


“ஆரோக்கியம் சிறந்த பரிசு, மனநிறைவு சிறந்த செல்வம், சிறந்த உறவினரை நம்புவது, நிர்வாணம் மிகப்பெரிய மகிழ்ச்சி. தியானத்தின் ஆழத்தில் தர்மத்தின் அமிர்தத்தைப் பருகுங்கள், பயம் மற்றும் பாவத்திலிருந்து விடுபடுங்கள்.”


Shunga dynasty, Indian ruling house founded by Pushyamitra about 185 BCE, which replaced the Mauryan dynasty. Pushyamitra assassinated Brihadratha, the last Mauryan ruler, at a military parade and assumed royal power. Pushyamitra was a Brahman, and, though he is said to have persecuted Buddhists, Buddhism still flourished in many areas under his control.

Most of the traditional accounts of Pushyamitra’s reign are late in date. According to these, his rule extended over the cities of Pataliputra, Ayodhya (Oudh), and Vidisha and perhaps over Jalandhara and Shakala as well.

Pushyamitra conducted several campaigns against the Yavanas, Indo-Greeks, who were trying in this period to expand from Bactria into northwestern India.


The Sunga rule, extending a little over a century, is in interlude in the history of India. There is nothing extraordinary about the political events associated with the Sungas. The significance of their history, on the other hand, primarily consists in the place they occupy in the social and cultural history of India.

The founder of the dynasty, Pushyamitra Sunga, overthrew the Mauryas; either in 187 B.C. or 184 B.C. After him there were nine other rulers. Among them, Agnimitra, Vasumitra, Bhagvata and Devabhumi were the prominent ones. The names of the first two were associated with some events in political history, whereas the latter two were known for their long rule, they being 32 and 10 years respectively.

There is some controversy about the identity of Pushyamitra Sunga. It was stated in a Sutra that he belonged to a family of teachers. Patanjali claims that he was a brahminor the Bhardwaja gotra. Ivyavadana stated that the Sungas were related to the Mauryas. A Malavikagnimitram refers to them as brahmins belonging to Kashyap gotra.

After the overthrow of Brihadrata, Pushyamitra Sunga waged a few wars to consolidate his position. Evidence shows that Pushyamitra Sunga defeated the Yavanas. This is confirmed by Patanjali’s Mahabashva. And the claim made in the Hathigumpha inscription that Kharavela of Kalinga defeated Pushyamitra Sunga cannot be sustained because Kharavela ruled in the second half of the first century B.C. Later, Vasumitra, the grandson of Pushyamitra Sunga, defeated the Yavanas. This is confirmed by the Malavikaganimtiram and gargi Samhita. Both Agnimmitra and Veerasena fought against Vidarbha rule of the Sungas ended C. 75 B.C.

Some scholars regard that the establishment of Sunga dynasty ws symbolic of the brahminical reaction to the Mauryan bias towards Buddhism. Pushyamitra Sunga performed the vedic sacrifices of asvamedha, and the others like aginstoma, Rajasuya and vajpeiya.
The claim of Divyavandana, that Pushyamitra Sunga destroyed 84,000 Buddhist stupas and slaughtered srameans,May be, the Buddhists of India welcomed the invasion of Menander’ and this might have resulted in Pushyamitra Sunga wrath falling on the Buddhists. Or, may be withdrawal of royal patronage with the coming of the Sungas apparently enraged the Buddhists and thus the Buddhists writers present an account of their troubles.

The Sungas attempted to revive the caste system with the social supremacy of the brahmins. This is more than evident in the work of Manu (Manusmriti) wherein he reassures the position of the brahmins in the fourfold society. Even then, the most significant development of the Sunga era was marked by various adjustment and adaptations leading to the emergence of mixed castes and the assimilation of the foreigners in India society. Thus we notice that Brahminism gradually transformed itself in a direction towards Hinduism.
Pushyamitra revived manusmriti practice beliefs the brahmin as 1st 🥇 rate athma/soul Kshatriya, vysia, Shudra as second🥈 third🥉 and fourth rate souls and the aboriginal Adi Shudras as having no soul at all so that all sorts of atrocities could be committed on them. But the Buddha never 👎 believed in any soul. He said all are equal 🟰. This was not tolerated by Pushyamitra or today’s chitpavan brahmin. Therefore they keep opposing Buddhism ☸️ and our marvellous 🤩 modern Constitution based on Buddhism.

All told the importance of the sunga dynasty lies in the restoration of Real politik while abandoning the asokan approach.


शुंग राजवंश, पुष्यमित्र द्वारा लगभग 185 ईसा पूर्व स्थापित भारतीय शासक घर, जिसने मौर्य वंश की जगह ली। पुष्यमित्र ने एक सैन्य परेड में अंतिम मौर्य शासक बृहद्रथ की हत्या कर दी और शाही सत्ता ग्रहण की। पुष्यमित्र एक ब्राह्मण थे, और, हालांकि उनके बारे में कहा जाता है कि उन्होंने बौद्धों को सताया, बौद्ध धर्म अभी भी उनके नियंत्रण में कई क्षेत्रों में फला-फूला।

पुष्यमित्र के शासनकाल के अधिकांश पारंपरिक खाते देर से आते हैं। इनके अनुसार, उसका शासन पाटलिपुत्र, अयोध्या (अवध), और विदिशा के शहरों और शायद जालंधर और शाकला पर भी फैला था।

पुष्यमित्र ने यवन, इंडो-यूनानियों के खिलाफ कई अभियान चलाए, जो इस अवधि में बैक्ट्रिया से उत्तर-पश्चिमी भारत में विस्तार करने की कोशिश कर रहे थे।

शुंग शासन, जो एक सदी से थोड़ा अधिक समय तक फैला हुआ है, भारत के इतिहास में अंतःस्थापित है। शुंगों से जुड़ी राजनीतिक घटनाओं में कुछ भी असाधारण नहीं है। दूसरी ओर, उनके इतिहास का महत्व मुख्य रूप से भारत के सामाजिक और सांस्कृतिक इतिहास में उनका स्थान है।

राजवंश के संस्थापक पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने मौर्यों को उखाड़ फेंका; या तो 187 ई.पू. या 184 ई.पू. उसके बाद नौ अन्य शासक हुए। इनमें अग्निमित्र, वसुमित्र, भागवत और देवभूमि प्रमुख थे। पहले दो के नाम राजनीतिक इतिहास की कुछ घटनाओं से जुड़े थे, जबकि बाद के दो अपने लंबे शासन के लिए जाने जाते थे, वे क्रमशः 32 और 10 वर्ष के थे।

पुष्यमित्र शुंग की पहचान को लेकर कुछ विवाद है। एक सूत्र में कहा गया है कि वह शिक्षकों के परिवार से ताल्लुक रखता था। पतंजलि का दावा है कि वह भारद्वाज गोत्र के ब्राह्मण थे। इव्यवदान ने कहा कि शुंग मौर्यों से संबंधित थे। एक मालविकाग्निमित्रम उन्हें कश्यप गोत्र से संबंधित ब्राह्मणों के रूप में संदर्भित करता है।

बृहद्रता को उखाड़ फेंकने के बाद, पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने अपनी स्थिति को मजबूत करने के लिए कुछ युद्ध किए। साक्ष्य बताते हैं कि पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने यवनों को हराया था। इसकी पुष्टि पतंजलि के महाभाष्य से होती है। और हाथीगुम्फा शिलालेख में किया गया दावा है कि कलिंग के खारवेल ने पुष्यमित्र शुंग को हराया था, क्योंकि खारवेल ने पहली शताब्दी ईसा पूर्व के उत्तरार्ध में शासन किया था। बाद में, पुष्यमित्र शुंग के पोते वसुमित्र ने यवनों को हराया। इसकी पुष्टि मालविकागनिमतिराम और गार्गी संहिता से होती है। अग्निमित्र और वीरसेन दोनों ने शुंगों के विदर्भ शासन के खिलाफ लड़ाई लड़ी, जो सी। 75 ई.पू.

कुछ विद्वानों का मानना ​​है कि शुंग वंश की स्थापना बौद्ध धर्म के प्रति मौर्य पूर्वाग्रह के प्रति ब्राह्मणवादी प्रतिक्रिया का प्रतीक है। पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने अश्वमेध के वैदिक यज्ञ किए, और अन्य जैसे अगिनस्टोमा, राजसूय और वाजपेयी।
दिव्यवंदन का दावा, कि पुष्यमित्र शुंग ने 84,000 बौद्ध स्तूपों को नष्ट किया और श्रमणों का वध किया, हो सकता है, भारत के बौद्धों ने मेनेंडर के आक्रमण का स्वागत किया हो और इसके परिणामस्वरूप पुष्यमित्र शुंग का क्रोध बौद्धों पर पड़ रहा हो। या, शाही संरक्षण की वापसी के साथ शुंगों के आने से बौद्ध स्पष्ट रूप से क्रोधित हो गए और इस प्रकार बौद्ध लेखक अपनी परेशानियों का लेखा-जोखा प्रस्तुत करते हैं।

शुंगों ने ब्राह्मणों के सामाजिक वर्चस्व के साथ जाति व्यवस्था को पुनर्जीवित करने का प्रयास किया। मनु (मनुस्मृति) के काम में यह स्पष्ट से अधिक है, जिसमें उन्होंने चौगुनी समाज में ब्राह्मणों की स्थिति को आश्वस्त किया है। फिर भी, शुंग युग का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण विकास विभिन्न समायोजन और अनुकूलन द्वारा चिह्नित किया गया था, जिससे मिश्रित जातियों का उदय हुआ और भारतीय समाज में विदेशियों का समावेश हुआ। इस प्रकार हम देखते हैं कि ब्राह्मणवाद ने धीरे-धीरे खुद को हिंदू धर्म की दिशा में बदल दिया।
पुष्यमित्र ने पुनर्जीवित मनुस्मृति प्रथा को ब्राह्मणों को प्रथम श्रेणी आत्मा/आत्मा क्षत्रिय, वैसिया, शूद्र को द्वितीय, तृतीय और चतुर्थ श्रेणी की आत्माओं के रूप में और आदिवासी आदि शूद्रों को बिल्कुल भी आत्मा नहीं माना ताकि उन पर सभी प्रकार के अत्याचार किए जा सकें। . लेकिन बुद्ध ने कभी किसी आत्मा में विश्वास नहीं किया। उन्होंने कहा कि सभी समान हैं। यह पुष्यमित्र या आज के चितपावन ब्राह्मण को बर्दाश्त नहीं था। इसलिए वे बौद्ध धर्म ☸️ और बौद्ध धर्म पर आधारित हमारे अद्भुत आधुनिक संविधान का विरोध करते रहते हैं।

सभी ने बताया कि शुंग वंश का महत्व अशोक के दृष्टिकोण को त्यागते हुए वास्तविक राजनीति की बहाली में निहित है।


Excellent 👌 song 🎶 🎵 🎧


Excellent 👌 song 🎶 🎵 🎧


Excellent 👌 song 🎶 🎵 🎧

He is right.
I have tested my sugar after eating mango, 2pcs of jackfruit, blood sugar does not increase.
I did not eat mango for nearly 20years from the time I was diagnosed as a diabetic.
Eat and be happy.
But take precautions i think 1kg is tomuch.


Excellent 👌 song 🎶 🎵 🎧


Excellent 👌 song 🎶 🎵 🎧

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