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2643 Wed 6 Jun LESSON Now Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research and Practice University and related NEWS through 
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 105 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā is an Online NEWS CHANNEL Catering to more than 3000 Emails: 200 WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter. Chronology of Pali Canon in 23) Classical English, 2) Classical Afrikaans-Klassieke Afrikaans, 3) Classical Albanian-Klasike Shqiptare,4) Classical Amharic-ጥንታዊ አማርኛ,5) Classical Arabic-6) Classical Armenian- Չոր 6 Հուն Դասاللغة العربية الفصح7) Classical Azerbaijani-Klassik azərbaycanlı,8) Classical Basque-Euskal klasikoa,9) Classical Belarusian-Класічныя Баскі,11) Classical Bosnian- Klasični bosanski,12) Classical Bulgarian-Класически български,13) Classical Catalan- Català clàssic,14) Classical Cebuano-Cebuano clàssicى
Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
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2643 Wed 6 Jun  LESSON

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Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research and Practice
University and related NEWS through 
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in

105 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya
Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya

http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
is an Online NEWS CHANNEL
Catering to more than 3000 Emails:
200 WhatsApp, Facebook and Twitter.
Chronology of Pali Canon

in 23) Classical English,

2) Classical Afrikaans-Klassieke Afrikaans,

3) Classical Albanian-Klasike Shqiptare,4) Classical Amharic-ጥንታዊ አማርኛ,
5) Classical Arabic-اللغة العربية الفصحى

6) Classical Armenian- Չոր 6 Հուն Դաս,

7) Classical Azerbaijani-Klassik azərbaycanlı,8) Classical Basque-Euskal klasikoa,9) Classical Belarusian-Класічныя Баскі,11) Classical Bosnian- Klasični bosanski,
12) Classical Bulgarian-Класически български,13) Classical Catalan- Català clàssic,14) Classical Cebuano-Cebuano clàssic









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1-10 early to recent Chronology of Pali Canon

Thomas William Rhys Davids in his Buddhist India (p. 188) has given a
chronological table of Buddhist literature from the time of the Buddha
to the time of Ashoka which is as follows:

1. The simple statements of Buddhist doctrine now found, in identical
words, in paragraphs or verses recurring in all the books.

2. Episodes found, in identical words, in two or more of the existing books.

3. The Silas, the Parayana, the Octades, the Patimokkha.

4. The Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara, and Samyutta Nikayas.

5. The Sutta Nipata, the Thera and Theri Gathas, the Udanas, and the Khuddaka Patha.

6. The Sutta Vibhanga, and Khandhkas.

7. The Jatakas and the Dhammapadas.

8. The Niddesa, the Itivuttakas and the Patisambbhida.

9. The Peta and Vimana-Vatthus, the Apadana, the Cariya-Pitaka, and the Buddhavamsa.

10. The Abhidhamma books; the last of which is the Katha-Vatthu, and the earliest probably the Puggala-Pannatti.

Those listed at the top or near the top, such as numbers one to five,
are considered the earliest, oldest texts and the most likely to be
authentic and the exact words of the Buddha. The later texts and the
commentaries and the Visuddhimagga, are held in very high esteem by
Classical Theravada, whereas, the Modern Theravada focuses on the
earliest teachings of the Buddha.
Modern Theravada

Main article: Modern Theravada

Bhikkhu Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera and others have their doubts, as do
modern scholars about the later texts and if they are Buddhavacana
(exact words of Buddha) or not. Modern Theravadins probably hold a
slight variety of opinions but probably take one of the following:

1. The first four Nikayas in their entirety are Buddhavacana, plus the
following books from the Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka,
Sutta Nipata, Theragatha, and Therigatha; and the Patimokkha from the
Vinaya. (That would still make the Buddhavacana portion of the Tipitaka
roughly 30 out of 40 volumes.)

2. All of the above, plus the
other books of the Khuddaka Nikaya, plus the other Vinaya books, plus
the Abhidhamma, but see them as written by later disciples of the
Buddha, who may have been arahants and thus, still worthy to be included
in the Canon, although not likely part of Original Buddhism.

The
scholar monks Ajahn Sujato and Ajahn Brahmali have written the book The
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts and they are in agreement with
number one above, consisting of the first 4 Nikayas and some of the
Khuddaka Nikaya as Buddhavacana.

See also: Original Buddhism
References

The Complete Book of Buddha’s Lists — Explained. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
The Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts Buddhist Publication Society, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 early to recent Chronology of Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas William Rhys Davids in his Buddhist India (p. 188) has given a chronological table of Buddhist literature from the time of the Buddha to the time of Ashoka which is as follows:

2) Classical Afrikaans

2) Klassieke Afrikaans

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Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā van Parikaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

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1-10 vroeg tot onlangse kronologie van Pali Canon

Thomas
William Rhys Davids in sy Boeddhistiese Indië (bladsy 188) het ‘n
chronologiese tabel van Boeddhistiese literatuur gegee van die tyd van
die Boeddha tot die tyd van Ashoka wat soos volg is:

1.
Die eenvoudige stellings van Boeddhistiese leerstelling vind nou, in
identiese woorde, in paragrawe of verse wat in alle boeke voorkom.

2. Episodes gevind, in identiese woorde, in twee of meer van die bestaande boeke.

3. Die Silas, die Parayana, die Octades, die Patimokkha.

4. Die Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara, en Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Die Sutta Nipata, die Thera en Theri Gathas, die Udanas, en die Khuddaka Patha.

6. Die Sutta Vibhanga, en Khandhkas.

7. Die Jatakas en die Dhammapadas.

8. Die Niddesa, die Itivuttakas en die Patisambbhida.

9. Die Peta en Vimana-Vatthus, die Apadana, die Cariya-Pitaka, en die Buddhavamsa.

10. Die Abhidhamma boeke; die laaste hiervan is die Katha-Vatthu, en die vroegste waarskynlik die Puggala-Pannatti.

Diegene
wat bo en aan die bokant genoteer word, soos die een tot vyf, word
beskou as die vroegste, oudste tekste en waarskynlik die oorspronklike
en die presiese woorde van die Boeddha.
Die
latere tekste en die kommentare en die Visuddhimagga word deur
Classical Theravada in hoë agting gehou, terwyl die Moderne Theravada
fokus op die vroegste leerstellings van die Boeddha.
Moderne Theravada

Hoofartikel: Moderne Theravada

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera en ander het hul twyfel, asook moderne
geleerdes oor die latere tekste en of hulle Buddhavacana (presiese
woorde van Boeddha) is of nie.
Moderne Theravadins hou waarskynlik ‘n klein verskeidenheid menings in, maar neem waarskynlik een van die volgende:

1.
Die eerste vier Nikayas in hul geheel is Buddhavacana, plus die
volgende boeke uit die Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka,
Sutta Nipata, Theragatha en Therigatha;
en die Patimokkha van die Vinaya. (Dit sal steeds die Buddhavacana-gedeelte van die Tipitaka ongeveer 30 uit 40 volumes maak.)

2.
Al die bogenoemde, plus die ander boeke van die Khuddaka Nikaya, plus
die ander Vinaya-boeke, plus die Abhidhamma, maar sien hulle soos
geskryf deur latere dissipels van die Boeddha, wat dalk arahante gewees
het en dus steeds waardig is om te wees.
ingesluit in die kanon, hoewel dit nie waarskynlik deel van oorspronklike boeddhisme is nie.

Die
geleerde monnike Ajahn Sujato en Ajahn Brahmali het die boek The
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts geskryf en hulle stem saam met
nommer een hierbo, bestaande uit die eerste 4 Nikayas en sommige van die
Khuddaka Nikaya as Buddhavacana.

Sien ook: Oorspronklike Boeddhisme
verwysings

Die volledige boek van Boeddha se lyste - verduidelik. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Die egtheid van Boeddhistiese Tekste Boeddhistiese Publication Society, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 vroeg tot onlangse kronologie van Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids in sy Boeddhistiese Indië (bladsy 188) het ‘n
chronologiese tabel van Boeddhistiese literatuur gegee van die tyd van
die Boeddha tot die tyd van Ashoka wat soos volg is:



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PDv5hp1tULs
Words of Wisdom from Inspiring African Man @ Buddhist Monastery
Soulfeast Katie
Published on Aug 17, 2017
Inspiring, powerful soul Christian.
From Africa, he joined the army at age 19. Fighting, killing people.
…until a group of women came to him, begging him to stop.
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Now, he lives @ Buddhist Monastery in France 🙏
Inspired to share his words of wisdom with you 🤗💖
Category
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Inspiring, powerful soul ❤ Christian. From Africa, he joined the army at age 19. Fighting, killing people.…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jc3BQZLMb5U
Buddhist Monks With Superhuman Abilities in The Himalayan Mountains
Universe Inside You
Published on Jan 20, 2018
It’s fascinating to consider just how many ancient teachings tell us
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various techniques. Some of these techniques, known as siddhis in the
yoga tradition (from the Sanskrit, meaning “perfection”), include
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In Buddhism, for example, the existence of advanced powers is readily
acknowledged; in fact, Buddha expected his disciples to be able to
attain these abilities, but also to not become distracted by them.
Sources:
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http://www.collective-evolution.com
https://museum.oglethorpe.edu

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It’s fascinating to consider just how many ancient teachings tell us that humans have the capacity to…
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3) Classical Albanian
3) Klasike Shqiptare

2643 Wed 6 Jun MËSIMI

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Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Parikaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

është një Online NEWS CHANNEL
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1-10 në fillim të kronologjisë së fundit të Pali Canon

Thomas
William Rhys Davids në librin e tij budist (188) ka dhënë një tabelë
kronologjike të letërsisë budiste nga koha e Buddhës deri në kohën e
Ashoka, e cila është si më poshtë:

1.
Deklaratat e thjeshta të doktrinës budiste tani gjenden, me fjalë
identike, në paragrafët ose vargjet që përsëriten në të gjitha librat.

2. Episodet e gjetura, me fjalë identike, në dy ose më shumë libra ekzistues.

3. Silas, Parayana, Octades, Patimokkha.

4. Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara dhe Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Sutta Nipata, Thera dhe Theri Gathas, Udanas dhe Khuddaka Patha.

6. Sutta Vibhanga dhe Khandhkas.

7. Jatakas dhe Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakas dhe Patisambbhida.

9. Peta dhe Vimana-Vatthus, Apadana, Cariya-Pitaka, dhe Buddhavamsa.

10. Librat Abhidhamma; e fundit prej të cilave është Katha-Vatthu, dhe më e hershme ndoshta Puggala-Pannatti.

Ato
të renditura në majë ose pranë krye, si numrat një deri në pesë,
konsiderohen tekstet më të hershme, më të vjetra dhe më shumë të ngjarë
të jenë autentike dhe fjalët e saktë të Budës.
Tekstet
e mëvonshme dhe komentet dhe Visuddhimagga, mbahen në një vlerësim
shumë të lartë nga Klasike Theravada, ndërsa Theravada Moderne fokusohet
në mësimet më të hershme të Budës.
Moderne Theravada

Artikulli kryesor: Modern Theravada

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera dhe të tjerët kanë dyshimet e tyre, siç bëjnë
dijetarët modernë për tekstet e mëvonshme dhe nëse janë Buddhavacana
(fjalët e saktë të Budës) apo jo.
Moderne Theravadins ndoshta mbajnë një larmi të vogël të opinioneve, por ndoshta marrin një nga këto:

1.
Katër Nikajet në tërësi janë Buddhavacana, plus librat e mëposhtëm nga
Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata, Theragatha
dhe Therigatha;
dhe Patimokkha nga Vinaya. (Kjo ende do të bëjë pjesën Buddhavacana të Tipitaka afërsisht 30 nga 40 vëllime.)

2.
Të gjitha gjërat e mësipërme, plus librat e tjerë të Khuddaka Nikaya,
plus librat e tjerë Vinaya, plus Abhidhamma, por i shohin ato siç janë
shkruar nga dishepujt e mëvonshëm të Budës, të cilët mund të kenë qenë
arahantë dhe kështu, ende të denjë për t’u
përfshirë në Canon, edhe pse nuk ka gjasa të jetë pjesë e Budizmit origjinal.

Murgjitarë
studiues Ajahn Sujato dhe Ajahn Brahmali kanë shkruar librin
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts dhe ata janë në pajtim me numrin
një më lart, që përbëhet nga 4 Nikajet e para dhe disa nga Khuddaka
Nikaya si Buddhavacana.

Shih gjithashtu: Budizmi origjinal
Referencat

Libri i plotë i Listave të Buddhës - Shpjegoi. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Autenticiteti i Teksteve të Buddhës së Hershme Shoqata e Botimeve Budiste, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 në fillim të kronologjisë së fundit të Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids në librin e tij budist (188) ka dhënë një tabelë
kronologjike të letërsisë budiste nga koha e Buddhës deri në kohën e
Ashoka, e cila është si më poshtë:



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQD_wnp7lz0
Albanian Traditional Dance


youtube.com
valle tropojane (ASSA)
4) Classical Amharic
4) ጥንታዊ አማርኛ

2643 Wed 6 Jun ትምህርት

አሁን

የትንታኔዎች ጥልቅ ምርምር መረብ - ነፃ የቴሌቪዥን ጥናትና ምርምር ዩኒቨርሲቲ እና ተዛማጅ ዜናዎች በ 105 በክፍል ቋንቋዎች በ http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

ፓትስቲምሃዲዳ ጄላ-አቡሃ ፓርፓቲቲ ቲፒዲካ አንቬሳካ ካኪ ፓርካሳ ኒኪላቪጃጃላ ኡስታይቡፋ ፓትቫቲ ኒሳያ http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org ato 105 የአህመተ-ቢን

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ከ1-10 በቅርብ ወደ የቅርብ ጊዜ የዘመናዊው የዘመን ቅደም ተከተል

ቶማስ ዊልያምስ ሪስ ዴቪስ በቡዲስት ሕንድ (ገጽ 188) የቡድሃ ሥነ-ጽሑፍ ሥነ-ጽሑፍ ከቡድሃ ዘመን ጀምሮ እስከ አሻኮ ዘመን ድረስ እንደሚከተለው ነው-

1. አሁንም የቡድሂስት ዶክትሪን ቀላል መግለጫዎች, በተወሰኑ ቃላቶች, በአንቀጾች ወይም በቁጥር በሁሉም ጥቅሶች ውስጥ ተደጋግመዋል.

2. ትዕይንት ክፍሎችን በቃ ተመሳሳይ ቃላት ከሁለት ወይም ከዛ በላይ በሆኑት መጻሕፍት ውስጥ ተገኝተዋል.

3. ሲላስ, ፓራያና, ​​ኦክሳይድስ, ፓቲሞካ

4. ዱጊ, ማጅጂማ, አንታቱራ እና ሳሚትታ ኒካይስ.

5. ሱታ ንፋታታ, ቴራ እና ቴሪ ጋትስ, ኡዳናን እና ክላውዱካ ፓታ.

6. ዘውዱ ቫይሻንጋ እና ካንዱካስ.

7. ጃካታስ እና ዳምማፓዳስ.

8. ኒድሳ, ኢቫቱታካስ እና ፓትስምቡብሂዳ.

9. ፔት እና ቪማና-ቫትተስ, አፓታዳና, ካሪያ-ፒታካ እና ቡ ቡድቫምሳ ናቸው.

10. የአብሂማማ መጻሕፍት; ከእነዚህም ውስጥ የመጨረሻው ካታ-ቫትቱ, እና ፔንጋላ-ፓናኒቲ መጀመሪያ ሊሆን ይችላል.

ከላይ ወይም ከላይ በአለም ላይ ያሉ እንደ ቁጥሮችን ከአንድ እስከ አምስት ያሉ የተዘረዘሩ ተብለው የተዘረዘሩትን እንደ ጥንታዊ, ረጅሙን ጽሁፎች እና እንደ እውነቱ ከሆነ የቡድሃ ትክክለኛ ቃል ናቸው. የኋለኞቹ ጽሑፎች, ሐተታዎች, እና ቪድዱሂማጋጋ በከፍተኛ ግምት የሚታወቁ ሲሆኑ ጥንታዊው ቴራዳዳ በቡድሂስቱ የመጀመሪያ ትምህርቶች ላይ ያተኮረ ነው.
ዘመናዊው ታሪዳዋ

ዋና ፅሁፍ: ዘመናዊው ታሪዳዋ

ሒቂቱ ቦዶ, ዳምዱድዱዶ ዲያራ እና ሌሎችም ጥርጣሬያቸውን የያዙት እንዲሁም ስለ ዘመናዊዎቹ ምሁራን እንዲሁም ስለ ቡድሃቫካ (የቡድሃ ትክክለኛ ቃላቶች) እንደሆኑ ዘመናዊ ምሁራን እንዳደረጉት ሁሉ. ዘመናዊው ቴራዳዲን ትንሽ አስተያየቶችን ይይዙ ይሆናል ነገር ግን ከሚከተሉት ውስጥ አንዱን ይወስዳል-

1. በአጠቃላይ አራቱ ኒካይስቶች ቡቫቫካካና ከኪዳዳካ ኒያያስ የተፃፉ መጽሐፍት ጭምር ናቸው-ዳምሃፕፓዳ, ኡዳና, ኢቫቱታካ, ሱታ ናፒታ, ትራጋታ እና ቲሪታ; እና ፓትማክሀ ከቫኒያ. (ይህም በ 40 ጥራዞች ውስጥ የቡድሳካካና የቱፒታሳ ክፍል 30 ያህል ያደርገዋል.)

2.
ከላይ የተጠቀሱትን ሁሉ ጨምሮ ሌሎች የኪዳዳጃ Nikaya መጽሐፍትን ጨምሮ ሌሎች የቪያማ መጻሕፍትን እንዲሁም
አብሃምሃማዎችን እንጂ በኋላ ላይ የቡድሃ ደቀመዝሙሮች እንደተፃፉ አድርገው ተመልክተዋቸው ነበር.
በካንዲን የተካተቱ ቢሆንም ዋና ዋናዎቹ የቡድሂዝም እምነቶች አይደሉም.

ምሁራን
አሃን ሱጃቶ እና አሃሃም ብራህሊ የፃፈ ታሪኩቲዝ ኦቭ ፑል ቡዝ ቡክ ኦቭ ቼንቲክቲስ ኦቭ ፑል ቡቲንግስ ጹሑፎች
የፃፉ ሲሆን የመጀመሪያዎቹን 4 ኒሳያዎች እና አንዱን ኸድዳካ ኒያሪያን ቡቫቫካና የተባሉ ናቸው.

በተጨማሪ ይመልከቱ: ዋናው የቡድሂዝም እምነት
ማጣቀሻ

የቡድሃ ዝርዝር ዝርዝሮች - የተብራራ. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
የጥንት የቡድሂስት ጽሑፎች (Authenticity of Early Buddhism Textes) የቡድሃ የኅትመት ኅብረተሰብ, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
ከቅርብ 1-10 ጀምሮ እስከ ቅርብ ጊዜ ድረስ የፓሊ ካኖን - ዳሃማ ቪሊ
ቶማስ ዊልያምስ ሪስ ዴቪስ በቡዲስት ሕንድ (ገጽ 188) የቡድሃ ሥነ-ጽሑፍ ሥነ-ጽሑፍ ከቡድሃ ዘመን ጀምሮ እስከ አሻኮ ዘመን ድረስ እንደሚከተለው ነው-




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5) اللغة العربية الفصحى

2643 الأربعاء 6 يونيو الدرس

الآن

التحليلي
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والأخبار ذات الصلة من خلال http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org في 105 لغة
الكلاسيكية

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsa

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1-10 في وقت مبكر إلى التسلسل الزمني الأخير من بالي الكنسي

أعطى توماس وليام ريس دافيدز في الهند البوذية (ص 188) جدولًا زمنيًا للأدب البوذي من عهد بوذا إلى عصر أشوكا وهو كما يلي:

1. إن العبارات البسيطة للعقيدة البوذية موجودة الآن ، في كلمات متطابقة ، في الفقرات أو الآيات المتكررة في جميع الكتب.

2. وجدت الحلقات ، في كلمات مماثلة ، في اثنين أو أكثر من الكتب الموجودة.

3. سيلا ، Parayana ، الأكتارات ، Patimokkha.

4. The Digha و Majjhima و Anguttara و Samyutta Nikayas.

5. The Sutta Nipata و Thera و Theri Gathas و Udanas و Khuddaka Patha.

6. The Sutta Vibhanga و Khandhkas.

7. جاتاكاس وداماباداس.

8. Niddesa ، و Itivuttakas و Patisambbhida.

9. بيتا و Vimana-Vatthus ، و Apadana ، و Cariya-Pitaka ، و Buddhavamsa.

10. كتب أبيدهيدما. آخرها هو كاثا - Vatthu ، وربما أقرب Puggala-Pannatti.

تعتبر
تلك المدرجة في أعلى أو بالقرب من القمة ، مثل الأرقام من 1 إلى 5 ، أقدم
وأقدم النصوص وأكثرها احتمالية أن تكون حقيقية والكلمات الدقيقة لبوذا.
نصوص
وتعليقات لاحقة و Visuddhimagga ، تحظى بتقدير كبير من قبل Theravada
الكلاسيكية ، في حين يركز Theravada الحديث على التعاليم المبكرة لبوذا.
ثيرافادا الحديثة

المقال الرئيسي: الحديثة ثيرافادا

لدى
شكوك بودي ، ودامافودهو ثيرا وغيرهم شكوكهم ، كما يفعل العلماء المعاصرون
حول النصوص اللاحقة ، وإذا كانوا بوذافاكانا (كلمات بوذا بالضبط) أم لا.
من المحتمل أن يحتفظ Theravadins الحديث بمجموعة متنوعة من الآراء ، لكن من المحتمل أن يأخذ أحد ما يلي:

1.
أول أربعة نيكاياس في مجملها هي بودهافاكانا ، بالإضافة إلى الكتب التالية
من Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada ، Udana ، Itivuttaka ، Sutta Nipata ،
Theragatha ، و Therigatha.
و Patimokkha من فينايا. (وهذا من شأنه أن يجعل جزء بودهافاكانا من Tipitaka ما يقرب من 30 من أصل 40 مجلدًا.)

2.
كل ما سبق ، بالإضافة إلى الكتب الأخرى من Khuddaka Nikaya ، بالإضافة إلى
الكتب الأخرى في فينايا ، بالإضافة إلى Abhidhamma ، ولكن انظر لهم كما
كتبه تلاميذ في وقت لاحق من بوذا ، الذين قد يكونون في حالة هروب وبالتالي ،
لا تزال تستحق أن تكون
المدرجة في كانون ، على الرغم من أنه ليس من المرجح جزء من البوذية الأصلية.

كتب
الراهبان أجاهان سوجاتو وآجان براهمالي كتاب “أصالة النصوص البوذية
المبكرة” ، وهما متفقان مع العدد الأول أعلاه ، المكون من أول 4 نيكاياس
وبعض من خدداكا نيكايا باسم بودهافاكانا.

انظر أيضا: البوذية الأصلية
المراجع

كتاب كاملة من قوائم بوذا - شرح. ديفيد ن. سنايدر ، دكتوراه ، 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
The Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts Buddhist Publication Society، 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 في وقت مبكر إلى التسلسل الزمني الأخير لل Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
أعطى توماس وليام ريس دافيدز في الهند البوذية (ص 188) جدولًا زمنيًا للأدب البوذي من عهد بوذا إلى عصر أشوكا وهو كما يلي:




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Arabic music or Arab music (Arabic: الموسيقى العربية – ALA-LC: al-mūsīqá al-‘Arabīyah) is the music of the Arab world.
Arab music, while independent and very alive, has a long history of
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புத்தர்

6) Classical Armenian
2643 Չոր 6 Հուն Դաս

Այժմ

Analitic
Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Հետազոտությունների եւ պրակտիկայի
համալսարան եւ դրա հետ կապված նորություններ միջոցով
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org 105 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES

Պաատիզամբհեդա
Ջալլա-Աբադխա Փարիփան Տիապիատա Անսվանիա Պարիկյան Նիկհիլավջջարաաա ca
ñítibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

Online ՆՈՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆՆԵՐ ՀԵՌՈՒՍՏԱԸՆԿԵՐՈՒԹՅՈՒՆ է
Քեյթրինգ `ավելի քան 3000 էլ. Հասցեով.
200 WhatsApp- ը, Facebook- ը եւ Twitter- ը:

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1-10-ը, վաղը, Pali Canon- ի քրոնոլոգիան

Թոմաս
Վիլյամ Ռայս Դավիդսը Բուդիստ Հնդկաստանում (էջ 188) Բուդդայական
գրականության ժամանակագրությունը տվեց Բուդդայի ժամանակից մինչեւ Ashoka
ժամանակաշրջանը, որը հետեւյալն է.

1.
Բուդդայական վարդապետության պարզ հայտարարությունները այժմ նույն բառերով
են գտել բոլոր գրքերում պարբերականներում կամ հատվածներում:

2. Էպիզոդները հայտնաբերվել են նույն բառերով, առկա գրքերի երկու կամ ավելի մասերում:

3. Շիլասը, Պարայանան, Հոկտեմբերը, Պատիմոկկա:

4. Դիգան, Մաժհիմա, Անգուբերտան եւ Սամութթա Նիկայասը:

5. Սուտտա Նիպատան, Թերա եւ Թերի Գաթասը, Ուդանաասը եւ Խուդակա Պաթան:

6. Սուտտա Վիբհանգան եւ Խանդխկասը:

7. Յատակը եւ Դամմապադաները:

8. Նիդդսա, Իտիվուտտականեր եւ Պատիշմբհիդդա:

9. Պեթան եւ Վիմանա-Վաթթուսը, Ապադանան, Կարիյա-Պիտակը եւ Բուդդավամսան:

10. Աբհիհամմայի գրքերը; որոնցից վերջինը Կաթա-Վաթթուն է, իսկ ամենավաղը, հավանաբար, Պուգգալա-Պաննաթին:

Վերեւի
կամ վերեւի մասում թվարկվածները, ինչպես օրինակ մեկից հինգերորդ
համարները, համարվում են ամենահին, ամենահին տեքստերը եւ, ամենայն
հավանականությամբ, վավերական եւ Բուդդայի ճշգրիտ խոսքերը:
Հետագա
տեքստերը եւ մեկնաբանությունները եւ Visuddhimagga- ն անցկացվում են
դասական Theravada- ի կողմից բարձր գնահատականով, մինչդեռ Modern
Theravada- ն կենտրոնանում է Բուդդայի ամենավաղ ուսմունքներին:
Ժամանակակից Theravada

Հիմնական հոդված, Ժամանակակից Թերավադա

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera եւ ուրիշներ ունեն իրենց կասկածները, ինչպես
ժամանակակից գիտնականները հետագա տեքստերի մասին, եւ եթե դրանք
Բուդհավաչանա են (Բուդդայի ճշգրիտ բառեր), թե ոչ:
Ժամանակակից Theravadins- ը, հավանաբար, մի փոքր կարծիք է ունենում, բայց հավանական է, որ մեկը հետեւյալն է.

1.
Առաջին չորս Նիկայաները ամբողջությամբ են Բուդհավաչանան, ինչպես նաեւ
հետեւյալ գրքերը, Խուդակա Նիկայա. Դհամմապադա, Ուդանա, Իտիվուտակա, Սուտտա
Նիպատա, Թերագաթա եւ Թերիգատա;
եւ Պատիմոկկային Vinaya- ից: (Այնուամենայնիվ, Տիտիտակայի Բուդհավականա հատվածը կդարձնի մոտավորապես 30 հատ 40 հատ):

2.
Վերեւում նշված բոլորը, գումարած Խուդակյան Նիկայայի մյուս գրքերը,
գումարած մյուս Vinaya գրքերը, ինչպես նաեւ Աբհիդհամմա, սակայն դրանք
տեսնում են Բուդդայի հետագա աշակերտների կողմից, որոնք կարող էին լինել
arahants եւ այդպիսով, դեռ արժանի լինել
ներառյալ Canon- ում, չնայած, որ Բուդդիզմի բնօրինակը չէ:

Գիտնական
վարդապետ Այալան Սուջատո եւ Այալան Բրամմալի գրել են «Հին Բուդդիական
տեքստերի Authenticity» գիրքը եւ դրանք համաձայնում են վերեւում գտնվող թիվ
մեկի հետ, որը բաղկացած է առաջին 4 Նիկայասից եւ մի քանի Khuddaka Nikaya-
ից `Buddhavacana- ից:

Տես նաեւ. Բնության բուդդիզմ
Հղումներ

Բուդդայի ցուցակի ամբողջական գրքույկը - Բացատրեց: Դեյվիդ Ն. Սնայդեր, դոցենտ, 2006 թ.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Բուդդիստական ​​վաղ տեքստերի իսկականությունը, 2014 թ.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10-ը, վաղը, Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki- ի քրոնոլոգիա
Թոմաս
Վիլյամ Ռայս Դավիդսը Բուդիստ Հնդկաստանում (էջ 188) Բուդդայական
գրականության ժամանակագրությունը տվեց Բուդդայի ժամանակից մինչեւ Ashoka
ժամանակաշրջանը, որը հետեւյալն է.



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Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvensiya Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca
sātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

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1-10 Pali Kanonunun Xronologiyasından erkən əvvəl

Buddist
Hindistanda Tomas Uilyam Rhys Devids Buddist Hindistanda (s. 188)
buddist ədəbiyyatını Aşoka dövründən bəhs edən bir xronoloji masa verdi:

1.
Buddist doktrinasının sadə ifadələri indi bütün kitablarda təkrarlanan
paraqraflarda və ya ayələrdəki eyni sözlərlə tapılmışdır.

2. Epizodlar eyni sözlərlə, mövcud kitabların iki və ya daha çoxunda tapılmışdır.

3. Silas, Parayana, oktır, Patimokkha.

Digha, Majhhima, Anguttara və Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Sutta Nipata, Thera və Theri Gathas, Udanas və Khuddaka Patha.

6. Sutta Vibhanga və Khandkkas.

7. The Jatakas və Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakalar və Patisambbhida.

9. Peta və Vimana-Vatthus, Apadana, Cariya-Pitaka və Buddhavamsa.

10. Abhidhamma kitabları; sonuncusu Katha-Vatthu və ən başlıca Puggala-Pannatti.

Ən
yuxarı və ya yuxarıdan yuxarıdakı, məsələn, bir-beş nömrə kimi siyahıda
olanların ən qədim, ən köhnə mətnləri və Buddanın dəqiq sözləri və ən
dəqiq sözləri sayılırlar.
Sonrakı
mətnlər, şərhlər və Visuddimagga, Klassik Theravada tərəfindən yüksək
dərəcədə saxlanılır, müasir Theravada isə Buddanın ən qədim təlimlərinə
yönəldilir.
Müasir Theravada

Əsas məqalə: Modern Theravada

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera və başqaları gələcək mətnlər haqqında müasir
alimlər kimi və Buddhavacana (Buddanın dəqiq sözləri) və ya olmasa da,
şübhə edirlər.
Müasir Theravadins, yəqin ki, az fərqli görüşlər keçirir, amma ehtimal edir:

1.
Bütün dördüncü Nikayas Buddhavacana və Xuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada,
Udana, Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata, Theragatha və Therigatha adlı
kitablardan ibarətdir;
və Vinayadan olan Patimokkaya. (Bu hələ Tipitaka’nın Buddhavacana hissəsini təxminən 40 cilddən 30-a çıxardı.)

Yuxarıdakıların
hamısı, Xuddaka Nikaya’nın digər kitabları, digər Vinaya kitabları,
üstəlik Abhidhamma, ancaq onları arahants ola bilən və buna görə də hələ
də layiq ola biləcək Buddanın şagirdləri tərəfindən yazılmış kimi
görürlər.
Orijinal Buddizm hissəsi olmasa da, Canon-a daxildir.

Alim
keşişlər Ajahn Sujato və Ajahn Brahmali “Erkən Buddist Mətnlərin
Orijinalliyi” kitabını yazıblar və ilk 4 Nikayadan və bəzi Buddhavacana
kimi Xuddaka Nikayadan ibarət yuxarıda bir nömrə ilə razılaşırlar.

Həmçinin baxın: Orijinal Buddizm
References

Buddanın siyahısının tam kitabı - izah edin. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Erkən Buddist Mətnlərin Buddist Nəşr Cəmiyyətinin Orijinalliyi, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 Pali Kanon Kronolojisi’nin erken - Dhamma Wiki
Buddist
Hindistanda Tomas Uilyam Rhys Devids Buddist Hindistanda (s. 188)
buddist ədəbiyyatını Aşoka dövründən bəhs edən bir xronoloji masa verdi:


https://www.youtube.com/watch…
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Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

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1-10 Pali kanonaren azken kronologia hasieran

Thomas
William Rhys Davids bere indiar budistan (188 or.) Budako literatura
mahai kronologiko bat eman du Buddha-ren garaitik Ashoka-ren garaian:

1.
Doktrina budistaren adierazpen sinpleak, hitz berdinetan, liburu
guztietan errepikatzen diren paragrafo edo bertsoek aurkitu dituzte.

2. Aurreko liburuko bi edo gehiagotan aurkitutako pasarteek, hitz berberekin.

3. Silas, Parayana, Octades, Patimokkha.

4. Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara eta Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Sutta Nipata, Thera eta Theri Gathas, Udanak eta Khuddaka Patha.

6. Sutta Vibhanga eta Khandhkas.

7. Jatakas eta Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakas eta Patisambbhida.

9. Peta eta Vimana-Vatthus, Apadana, Cariya-Pitaka, eta Buddhavamsa.

10. Abhidhamma liburuak; Azken hori Katha-Vatthu da, eta seguruenik Puggala-Pannattiena.

Top
edo goialdeko zerrendan agertzen direnak, esate baterako, zenbakiak
bostetik bederatzira bitartekoak dira, goiztiarrenak, zaharrenetako
testuak eta Buda izeneko benetakoak eta zehatzak.
Beranduago
testuak eta iruzkinak eta Visuddhimagga, Teravada klasikoan oso estimu
handiz egiten dira, eta, berriz, Theravada Modernoak Buddha-ren
irakaspen goiztiarrei jarraitzen die.
Theravada modernoa

Artikulu nagusia: Theravada modernoa

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera eta beste batzuek beren zalantzak dituzte,
baita beranduago testuen inguruko jakintsu modernoak ere bai eta
Buddhavacana (Buda hitz zehatzak) ala ez.
Theravadins modernoak seguruenik iritzi arina da baina ziurrenik hauetariko bat hartu:

1.
Lehenengo lau Nikayas osorik Buddhavacana dira, eta Khuddaka Nikaya-ren
liburuak honako hauek dira: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka, Sutta
Nipata, Theragatha eta Therigatha;
eta Vinayatik Patimokkha. (Hala ere, Tipitaka budismoaren zatiak 40 liburuki inguruko 30 inguru egingo lituzke).

2.
Goiko guztiak, gehi Khuddaka Nikaya beste liburuak, gehi beste Vinaya
liburuak, gehi Abhidhamma, baina Buda ikertzaileek geroago idatzitakoak
bezala, arahants izan zitezkeen eta, oraindik ere, merezi izan
Canonen barnean, nahiz eta Budismo originala ez den arren.

Ajahn
Sujato eta Ajahn Brahmali erlijio monarkiek Budista goiztiarreko
testuen autokritasuna idatzi dute eta goiko zenbaki batekin bat datoz,
Nikayas lehenak eta Khuddaka Nikaya batzuk Budhavacana bezalakoak.

Ikusi ere: jatorrizko budismoa
erreferentziak

Buda-ren zerrenden liburu osoa - Azaldu. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Texto budista precoz de la Budista Publicación Sociedad de Autismo, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 Pali Canoneko azken kronologia hasieran - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids bere indiar budistan (188 or.) Budako literatura
mahai kronologiko bat eman du Buddha-ren garaitik Ashoka-ren garaian:



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KDwET8mRhQc&t=15s
Statue of ‘Buddha’ on Mars :
Pastimers - World’s Best & Worst
Published on Oct 16, 2015
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Caption authors (Italian)
PHONEIX SCORPION
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1-10 рана нядаўна храналогія Pali Canon

(Стар.
188) Томас Уільям Рыс Дэвидс у яго будыйскай Індыі даў храналагічную
табліцу будыйскай літаратуры з часоў Буды да часу Ашока, які выглядае
наступным чынам:

1.
Простыя сцвярджэння будыйскай дактрыны ў цяперашні час знайшлі, у
аднолькавых словах, у пунктах або вершы паўтаральных ва ўсіх кнігах.

2. Эпізоды знойдзены ў аднолькавых словах, у двух або больш існуючых кніг.

3. Сіла, то парайана, то Octades, Патимоккх.

4. Дигх, Маджхим, Ангуттар і Саньютта Nikayas.

5. Сутта Nipata, то Тхер і Theri Гата, то Udanas і кхуддакапатх.

6. Сутта вибханга і Khandhkas.

7. Джатаки і Dhammapadas.

8. ниддеса, у Itivuttakas і Patisambbhida.

9. Петы і Віма-Vatthus, то Apadana, то Cariya-Питак і Буддхавамс.

10. Абхидхамма кніга; апошні з якіх з’яўляецца Катх-Ваттх, а самая раннім, верагодна, Puggala-Pannatti.

Тыя,
што пералічана ў верхняй або ў верхняй часткі, такія як лікі ад аднаго
да пяці гадоў, лічацца самымі раннімі, самымі старымі тэкстамі і, хутчэй
за ўсё, каб быць сапраўднымі і дакладнымі словамі Буды.
Пазнейшыя
тэксты і каментары і Висуддхимагг, праходзяць у вельмі высокім павазе
класічнай Тхеравады, у той час як сучасны Theravada факусуюць на самых
ранніх вучэннях Буды.
сучасная Тхеравада

Асноўны артыкул: Сучасная Тхеравада

Bhikkhu
Бодхі, Dhammavuddho Thera і іншыя маюць свае сумневы, як гэта робяць
сучасныя навукоўцы аб пазнейшых тэкстах, і калі яны Buddhavacana
(дакладныя словы Буды) ці не.
Сучасныя Theravadins верагодна правесці невялікае разнастайнасць меркаванняў, але, верагодна, прыняць адно з наступных дзеянняў:

1.
Першы чатыры Nikayas ва ўсіх іх паўнаце з’яўляецца Buddhavacana, плюс
наступныя кнігі з Кхуддака Никая: Дхаммапады, Удано, итивуттака, Сутта
Nipata, тхерагатх і тхеригатх;
і Патимоккх ад Виная. (Гэта было б яшчэ зрабіць частка Buddhavacana з Типитаки прыкладна 30 з 40 тамоў.)

2.
Усё вышэйпералічанае, а таксама ў іншых кнігах Кхуддака Ніка, а таксама
іншыя кнігі віна, плюс Абхидхамме, але ўбачыць іх, як напісана познімі
вучнямі Буды, якія, магчыма, былі арахантов і, такім чынам, па-ранейшаму
годны быць
ўключаны ў канон, хоць наўрад ці частка першапачатковага будызму.

Вучоны
манахі Ачаана Sujato і Ачаан Brahmali напісалі кнігу сапраўднасці
ранніх будыйскіх тэкстаў, і яны знаходзяцца ў згодзе з нумарам адзін
вышэй, якія складаюцца з першых 4 Nikayas і некаторыя з Кхуддака Никая
як Buddhavacana.

Глядзіце таксама: Арыгінал будызм
спасылкі

Поўная Кніга спісаў Буды - Растлумачэнні. Дэвід Н. Снайдэр, доктар філасофіі, 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Дакладнасць публікацыі грамадства Early будыйскіх тэкстаў будыйскага 2014 года.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 рана нядаўняга храналогія Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
(Стар.
188) Томас Уільям Рыс Дэвидс у яго будыйскай Індыі даў храналагічную
табліцу будыйскай літаратуры з часоў Буды да часу Ашока, які выглядае
наступным чынам:

Buddha


https://lh3.ggpht.com/AjL-Seq3tguFzu0VOwX4hTTnGDML-lpnfIuEUISZ2zaYQ5t6wWvezJQ0n1mG3leKFRAm=h900
https://lh3.ggpht.com/AjL-Seq3tguFzu0VOwX4hTTnGDML-lpnfIuEUISZ2zaYQ5t6wWvezJQ0n1mG3leKFRAm=h900


11) Classical Bosnian

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Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjalaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
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1-10 ranije do najnovije hronologije Pali Canon-a

Thomas
William Rhys Davids u svojoj budističkoj Indiji (str.188) davao je
hronološki sto budističke književnosti od vremena Buda do vremena Ashoka
koji je sljedeći:

1. Jednostavne izjave budističke doktrine sada su identične u paragrafima ili stihovima koji se ponavljaju u svim knjigama.

2. Epizode pronađene, jednako rečeno, u dve ili više postojećih knjiga.

3. Sila, Parayana, Oktade, Patimokha.

4. Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara i Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Sutta Nipata, Thera i Theri Gathas, Udane i Khuddaka Patha.

6. Sutta Vibhanga i Khandhkas.

7. Jatakas i Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakas i Patisambbhida.

9. Peta i Vimana-Vatthus, Apadana, Cariya-Pitaka i Budavamsa.

10. Knjige Abhidhamma; od kojih je poslednja Katha-Vatthu, a najranije verovatno Puggala-Panatti.

Oni
koji su navedeni na vrhu ili blizu vrha, kao što su broj jedan do pet,
smatraju se najranijim, najstarijim tekstovima i najverovatnije su
autentični i tačne reči Budine.
Kasnije
tekstove i komentare i Visuddhimagga, održavaju se veoma cenjeno od
strane klasične Theravade, dok se Moderna teravada fokusira na najranije
učenja Buda.
Moderna Theravada

Glavni članak: Moderna teravada

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera i drugi imaju svoje sumnje, kao i moderne
naučnike o kasnijim tekstovima i ako su budavakana (tačne reči Budine)
ili ne.
Moderni Theravadini verovatno imaju malo različitih mišljenja, ali verovatno uzimaju nešto od sledećeg:

1.
Prva četiri Nikaja u celini su Buddhavacana, plus sledeće knjige iz
Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata, Theragatha
i Therigatha;
i Patimokha iz Vinaye. (To će i dalje učiniti da deo Buddhitana u Tipitaki bude otprilike 30 od 40 knjiga.)

2.
Sve navedeno, plus druge knjige Khuddaka Nikaya, plus druge Vinayove
knjige, plus Abhidhamma, ali ih vidimo kao što su napisali kasniji
učenici Buda, koji su možda bili arahanti i stoga, i dalje vrijedni
uključeni u Canon, iako najverovatnije nisu deo originalnog budizma.

Učenički
monasi Ajahn Sujato i Ajahn Brahmali napisali su knjigu Autentičnost
ranih budističkih tekstova i oni su u skladu sa prvim brojem, koji se
sastoji od prvih 4 Nikayasa i neke od Khuddaka Nikaya kao Buddhavacana.

Vidi i: Originalni budizam
Reference

Objašnjena je kompletna knjiga Budinih lista. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Autentičnost ranih budističkih tekstova Budističko izdavačko društvo, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 ranije na najnoviju hronologiju Pali Canon-a - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids u svojoj budističkoj Indiji (str.188) davao je
hronološki sto budističke književnosti od vremena Buda do vremena Ashoka
koji je sljedeći:



12) Classical Bulgarian
12) Класически български

2643 Ср. 6 Юни УРОК

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Сетахагантхаята Бхаса

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1-10 рано до скорошна хронология на Pali Canon

Томас
Уилям Рис Дейвидс в своята будистка Индия (стр. 188) е дал хронологична
таблица на будистката литература от времето на Буда до времето на
Ашока, която е следната:

1.
Простите изявления на будистката доктрина сега се откриват, с еднакви
думи, в параграфи или стихове, повтарящи се във всички книги.

2. Епизодите са открити с еднакви думи в две или повече от съществуващите книги.

3. Сила, Параяна, Октадите, Патимокха.

4. Дигата, Маджхима, Анутара и Самута Никаяс.

5. Sutta Nipata, Thera и Theri Gathas, Udanas и Khuddaka Patha.

6. Сута Вибханга и Хандкас.

7. Ятакас и Дахамададите.

8. Ниддеса, Ивитуттака и Патисамбхада.

9. Пета и Вимана-Ватус, Ападана, Кария-Питака и Будавамса.

10. книгите на Абихимма; последният от които е Катха-Вату, а най-ранният вероятно е Пuggala-Pannatti.

Описаните
на върха или в близост до върха, като числата от 1 до 5, се считат за
най-ранните, най-старите текстове и най-вероятно за автентични и точните
думи на Буда.
По-късните
текстове и коментарите и Visuddhimagga се държат с много висока оценка
от класическата Theravada, докато Modern Theravada се фокусира върху
най-ранните учения на Буда.
Модерна Теравада

Основна статия: Модерна Теравада

Бхикху
Бодхи, Дахамадудхо Тера и други имат своите съмнения, както и
съвременните учени за по-късните текстове и дали са Будхавакана (точни
думи на Буда) или не.
Съвременните Theravadins вероятно притежават незначително разнообразие от мнения, но вероятно ще вземат едно от следните неща:

1.
Първите четири Nikayas в тяхната цялост са Buddhavacana, плюс следните
книги от Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana, Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata,
Theragatha и Therigatha;
и Патимокха от Виная. (Това би направило частта на Будихакана от Типитака приблизително 30 от 40 тома.)

2.
Всички по-горе, плюс другите книги на Худдака Никая, плюс другите книги
на Виная, плюс Абихимма, но ги виждат както са написани от по-късни
ученици на Буда, които може би са били арахини и по този начин все още
заслужават да бъдат
включен в Canon, въпреки че не е част от оригиналния будизъм.

Учените
монаси Ajahn Sujato и Ajahn Brahmali са написали книгата
“Автентичността на ранните будистки текстове” и са в съгласие с номер
едно по-горе, състоящ се от първите 4 Никая и някои от Khuddaka Nikaya
като Buddhavacana.

Виж също: Оригинален будизъм
Препратки

Пълната книга на списъците на Буда - обяснена. Дейвид Н. Снайдер, доктор, 2006 г.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Автентичността на будистките публикации на ранните будистки текстове, 2014 г.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 рано до скорошна хронология на Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Томас
Уилям Рис Дейвидс в своята будистка Индия (стр. 188) е дал хронологична
таблица на будистката литература от времето на Буда до времето на
Ашока, която е следната:


13) Classical Catalan

13) Català clàssic

2643 Dim 6 juny LECCIÓ

Ara

Analytic
Insight Net - GRATUÏTA de recerca i pràctica en línia de Tipiṭaka
Universitat i notícies relacionades a través de
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Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

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1-10 fins a la recent cronologia de Pali Canon

Thomas
William Rhys Davids a la seva Índia budista (pàg. 188) ha donat una
taula cronològica de la literatura budista des del temps del Buda fins a
l’època d’Ashoka que és la següent:

1.
Les simples declaracions de la doctrina budista ara es troben, amb
paraules idèntiques, en paràgrafs o versos recurrents en tots els
llibres.

2. Episodis trobats, en paraules idèntiques, en dos o més dels llibres existents.

3. Els Siles, el Parayana, els Octades, els Patimokkha.

4. The Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara i Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Els Sutta Nipata, els Thera i Theri Gathas, els Udanas i els Khuddaka Patha.

6. El Sutta Vibhanga i el Khandhkas.

7. Els Jatakas i els Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakas i Patisambbhida.

9. La Peta i la Vimana-Vatthus, l’Apadana, la Cariya-Pitaka i la Buddhavamsa.

10. Els llibres d’Abhidhamma; l’últim dels quals és el Katha-Vatthu, i el més primerenc probablement el Puggala-Pannatti.

Els
que figuren a la part superior o a la vora de la part superior, com els
números del cinc al cinc, es consideren els primers textos més antics i
els més probables que siguin autèntics i les paraules exactes del Buda.
Els
textos posteriors i els comentaris i els Visuddhimagga, es troben en
molt alta estima per la Clàssica Theravada, mentre que la Theravada
moderna se centra en les primeres ensenyances del Buda.
Theravada moderna

Article detallat: Theravada moderna

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera i altres tenen els seus dubtes, com ho fan
els erudits moderns sobre els textos posteriors i si són Buddhavacana
(paraules exactes de Buda) o no.
Els Theravadins moderns probablement tenen una lleugera varietat d’opinions, però probablement prendran un dels següents:

1.
Els primers quatre Nikayas en la seva totalitat són Buddhavacana, a més
dels següents llibres del Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana,
Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata, Theragatha i Therigatha;
i el Patimokkha del Vinaya. (Això encara farà que la porció buddhacana del Tipitaka sigui aproximadament de 30 de 40 volums).

2.
Tot això, a més dels altres llibres del Khuddaka Nikaya, més els altres
llibres de Vinaya, més l’Abhidhamma, però els vegin escrits per
deixebles posteriors del Buda, que poden haver estat arahants i, per
tant, encara dignes de ser
inclòs en el Canon, encara que no és una part probable del Budisme Original.

Els
erudits monjos Ajahn Sujato i Ajahn Brahmali han escrit el llibre The
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts i estan d’acord amb el primer
número, que consta dels primers 4 Nikayas i alguns dels Khuddaka Nikaya
com Buddhavacana.

Vegeu també: Budisme original
Referències

El llibre complet de les llistes de Buda - Explicació. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts Buddhist Publication Society, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 fins a la recent cronologia de Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids a la seva Índia budista (pàg. 188) ha donat una
taula cronològica de la literatura budista des del temps del Buda fins a
l’època d’Ashoka que és la següent:


14) Classical Cebuano
14) Cebuano clàssic

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Ara

Analytic
Insight Net - GRATUÏTA de recerca i pràctica en línia de Tipiṭaka
Universitat i notícies relacionades a través de
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org a 105 LLENGÜES CLÀSSIQUES

Paṭisambhidā
Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya
ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105
Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā

és un canal de notícies en línia
Cuidant més de 3000 correus electrònics:
200 WhatsApp, Facebook i Twitter.

https://dhammawiki.com/index.php/1-10_early_to_recent_Chronology_of_Pali_Canon

https://dhammawiki.com/…/1-10_early_to_recent_Chronology_of …
1-10 fins a la recent cronologia de Pali Canon

Thomas
William Rhys Davids a la seva Índia budista (pàg. 188) ha donat una
taula cronològica de la literatura budista des del temps del Buda fins a
l’època d’Ashoka que és la següent:

1.
Les simples declaracions de la doctrina budista ara es troben, amb
paraules idèntiques, en paràgrafs o versos recurrents en tots els
llibres.

2. Episodis trobats, en paraules idèntiques, en dos o més dels llibres existents.

3. Els Siles, el Parayana, els Octades, els Patimokkha.

4. The Digha, Majjhima, Anguttara i Samyutta Nikayas.

5. Els Sutta Nipata, els Thera i Theri Gathas, els Udanas i els Khuddaka Patha.

6. El Sutta Vibhanga i el Khandhkas.

7. Els Jatakas i els Dhammapadas.

8. Niddesa, Itivuttakas i Patisambbhida.

9. La Peta i la Vimana-Vatthus, l’Apadana, la Cariya-Pitaka i la Buddhavamsa.

10. Els llibres d’Abhidhamma; l’últim dels quals és el Katha-Vatthu, i el més primerenc probablement el Puggala-Pannatti.

Els
que figuren a la part superior o a la vora de la part superior, com els
números del cinc al cinc, es consideren els primers textos més antics i
els més probables que siguin autèntics i les paraules exactes del Buda.
Els
textos posteriors i els comentaris i els Visuddhimagga, es troben en
molt alta estima per la Clàssica Theravada, mentre que la Theravada
moderna se centra en les primeres ensenyances del Buda.
Theravada moderna

Article detallat: Theravada moderna

Bhikkhu
Bodhi, Dhammavuddho Thera i altres tenen els seus dubtes, com ho fan
els erudits moderns sobre els textos posteriors i si són Buddhavacana
(paraules exactes de Buda) o no.
Els Theravadins moderns probablement tenen una lleugera varietat d’opinions, però probablement prendran un dels següents:

1.
Els primers quatre Nikayas en la seva totalitat són Buddhavacana, a més
dels següents llibres del Khuddaka Nikaya: Dhammapada, Udana,
Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipata, Theragatha i Therigatha;
i el Patimokkha del Vinaya. (Això encara farà que la porció buddhacana del Tipitaka sigui aproximadament de 30 de 40 volums).

2.
Tot això, a més dels altres llibres del Khuddaka Nikaya, més els altres
llibres de Vinaya, més l’Abhidhamma, però els vegin escrits per
deixebles posteriors del Buda, que poden haver estat arahants i, per
tant, encara dignes de ser
inclòs en el Canon, encara que no és una part probable del Budisme Original.

Els
erudits monjos Ajahn Sujato i Ajahn Brahmali han escrit el llibre The
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts i estan d’acord amb el primer
número, que consta dels primers 4 Nikayas i alguns dels Khuddaka Nikaya
com Buddhavacana.

Vegeu també: Budisme original
Referències

El llibre complet de les llistes de Buda - Explicació. David N. Snyder, Ph.D., 2006.
http://www.thedhamma.com/
Authenticity of Early Buddhist Texts Buddhist Publication Society, 2014.
https://suttacentral.net/
dhammawiki.com
1-10 fins a la recent cronologia de Pali Canon - Dhamma Wiki
Thomas
William Rhys Davids a la seva Índia budista (pàg. 188) ha donat una
taula cronològica de la literatura budista des del temps del Buda fins a
l’època d’Ashoka que és la següent:


http://indiatoday.digitaltoday.in/






FIRST ON INDIA TODAY






Can she rule India?



The
second most important woman of Indian politics is all set to rock the
established hierarchy of power as the ambitious leader of a formidable
coalition. The country suddenly gets another prime minister in waiting,

writes Prabhu Chawla.




‘No force
can stop me from becoming PM’


After her surprise anointment as the UNPA’s
prime ministerial candidate, BSP supremo Mayawati’s confidence levels have
reached a new high. She told Editor Prabhu Chawla that she is
destined to become the country’s prime minister. An exclusive interview:


Q. Finally a Original Inhabitant of
Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath which is one of the top most
communities of the world’s daughter’s name has been finalised for prime
minister. How did this happen?


A. Apart from being a Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that
is the Great Prabuddha Bharath which is one of the top most communities of the
world ’s daughter, I am also the daughter of India. Don’t forget that India’s highest
populated state has given me four chances to be CM. I have worked not just for
the Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath
which is one of the top most communities of the world  but for all sections of
the society. I am born in India
so I am not just Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the Great
Prabuddha Bharath which is one of the top most communities of the world  ki beti
but also Prabuddha Bharath
ki beti
.


Q. You said there was a conspiracy
against a Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha
Bharath which is one of the top most communities of the world ’s daughter
becoming PM.


A. Everyone saw it. And they (my political rivals) have seen
what a good government I have given in UP, so they are scared that if the BSP
forms a government at the Centre and Mayawati becomes PM, they will have to
wait for a long time to come back to power at the Centre.


That is why they thought it is better we don’t
let her come to power at all. Moreover, the BJP and the Congress I think are
alike—whether at the Centre or at the state, their governments have economic
policies that make rich industrialists richer and the poor poorer. So they know
that once they are removed from power, all their rich industrialist friends
will suffer while the poor, the farmers and small industrialists will benefit,
and they don’t want that.


Q. So they won’t let you become the PM?


A. This kind of question was raised even when the BSP was
improving in UP and there was a chance that I could become chief minister. But
I did become UP chief minister, and I think a day will come when the wishes of
the oppressed, the poor, the downtrodden and beloved Dr Ambedkar will come
true. One day, this section will get political power. If I can become UP chief
minister, then I think a day will surely come when the dreams of our people
will come true.


Q. Will the dream be realised through
Mayawati?


A. Definitely, it will come true.


Q. So you think that your becoming PM is
only a matter of time. Nothing can stop you now.


A. A movement has begun. When the time comes, no one can stop.
No one could stop me from becoming the chief minister of UP.


Q. Will you be able to run the
government? Can you rule India?


A. This question was also raised in UP before I became chief
minister. But from Independence
till today, if you compare all the sarkars to my government and ask
the aam janta of UP, they will tell you that Mayawati is the best. So
if I can give UP-which is India’s
largest state—the best sarkar, why can’t I do the same at the Centre?


Q. Do you have an agenda for governance?


A. Of course I have.


Q. But until now you were limited to UP
and you didn’t even meet leaders of other parties.


A. I did meet other leaders, but I also had to run my party. I
did both.


Q. If you do become the PM, what is your
agenda for governance? What are your views on privatisation and economic
reforms that Manmohan Singh started?


A. Our sarkar’s economic agenda will benefit the country’s
poor and weaker sections. It will benefit all sections of the society.


Q. You are talking like Indira Gandhi,
Gareebi hatao, desh
bachao
“.


A. My party is not against privatisation. Like we have done in
UP, at the Centre too we will see that the country’s Scheduled Castes have the
benefits of reservations. When a government office is privatised, reservation
rights should be protected as I have done in UP. Apart from the Scheduled
Castes, we will take care of the minorities, Backward Classes and also the
economically poor among the upper castes. I have written to the Centre about
reservation in government jobs for the economically poor among upper castes.



Q. Should there be foreign investment in retail?






A. There are different castes and religions in India, lots of
poor and jobless, so we will take all this into account.


Q. Should there be FDI in retail?


A. The interests of the small shopkeepers must be protected.


Q. So you are not against FDI in retail?


A. No I am not.


Q. What about the nuclear deal?


A. The Congress is claiming that because of this deal we will
get cheap electricity. This is wrong. Whatever electricity we get will be much
more expensive and it will take 10-15 years to get it. And the output will be
only 8-10 per cent more than what we are getting. It will be so expensive that
neither the poor nor the small industrialists will be able to use it.


Q. So will you cancel the nuclear deal?


A. When my government is formed, we will rethink this deal and
examine if it’s in the nation’s interests or not. We are told that America has put conditions on India, like if they attack Iran, India will have to offer support.
Such conditions are meant to make India a slave.


Q. Before opposing this deal, you must
have read it.


A. We do not agree with this deal. We will rethink it.


Q. But the Left is totally opposed to America and
they are supporting you.


A. Whenever we do a deal with any country, we must first take
into account the country’s interests. When my party comes to power at the
Centre, we will take into account all sections of the society while making
policies.


Q. Opposition parties claim that your
politics is caste-based. Does this suit a prime minister?


A. The people who make such allegations are the ones who are
indulging in caste politics. The BSP has finished jaativaad in this
country and wants to bring together all sections of the society. The charge
that the BSP is jaativaadi is false.



Q. Maybe this is because
you are now being promoted as the leader of UNPA.






A. I am the leader of BSP. The UNPA is different, the Left is
separate. They all have their own leaders.


Q. But they are promoting you as the PM,
no one else.


A. I welcome this suggestion and I am grateful.


Q. But other leaders of the UNPA like
Chandrababu Naidu and Chautala belong to forward castes. How does behen
Mayawati fit into all this?


A. The Left parties and other members of the UNPA have
realised that Mayawati in UP has included all sections of the society in the
BSP’s way of thinking. Along with the backward sections and the minorities, it
has also sent upper castes to Parliament and the state assembly and given them
posts in the ministry. They don’t see her as jaativaadi but as one who
takes all sections of the society together.


Q. Well you do have the slogan. But
these leaders first went to Mulayam. When that did not work out, they came
after you in the hope that by sailing in your boat they too will get somewhere.
And then, they will leave you too?


A. The names that you have mentioned did at first go to
Mulayam, and you say that they will leave me too. But in the UPA and NDA too,
there are many allies who are attracted to the BSP. And there will be a time
when they too will join us.


Q. So there will be some attempt to
break parties.


A. I am against breaking any party, but those who come on
their own are welcome.


Q. But you will still need the Congress
or the BJP to become PM. How will a Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is
the Great Prabuddha Bharath which is one of the top most communities of the
world  ki beti become PM without their
help?


A. With Lok Sabha elections a few months away, I am sure that
the BJP and Congress, along with their allies, will not get more than 200 seats
together. The rest will be 340. So I will not need the BJP or the Congress.


Q. Their company will come to you?


A. No, I will not need their company. They will come to me on
their own.


Q. On one side is the “Note
Gate” and on the other side there is terrorism. But there seems to be
little desire to fight terrorism.


A. I think the way wads of money were placed in Parliament and
MPs are being bought over, this should be condemned.


Q. What about terrorism?
A. The state governments should get together and plan and
strategise to counter it. The borders of our country are not strengthened.


Q. Who do you blame for the rise in
terrorism? Is it minority appeasement, weak governance or the lack of a strong law?


A. We should not link terrorism with politics, but the states
and the Centre should sit and strategise how to contain it.


Q. For this we need a strong law. But
POTA has been removed. Even you are against POTA.


A. No. I think that central and state governments should make
strict laws. Not POTA, but there can be other strict laws.


Q. Like MCOCA in Maharashtra?
Gujarat wanted to make a strong law but was
not allowed.


A. In UP too we have passed a law but the Centre has not
okayed it.


Q. So would you say the Centre is weak
in formulating laws?


A. Yes. Also, our borders are weak. After all, the terrorists
enter our country from across the borders. So it’s up to the central government
to make the borders strong and make a law along with the states.


Q. A law like POTA?


A. Not necessarily but a strong law.


Q. Our Muslim brothers say they are
against terrorism as much as the rest of us, yet they say that to appease the
Muslim vote we won’t make a strong law.


A. If a person commits a wrong, you should not punish the
entire community.


Q. Should Mohd Afzal be hanged? The
Supreme Court has said he should be.


A. This is for the courts and the government to decide.


Q. But in the name of terrorism,
politics is being played.


A. That’s not good.


Q. Will you do anything to stop this?


A. When I become PM, we will try and create such a situation
that there will be no terror incidents.


Q. How will you ensure this? Will you
make a strong law?


A. Maybe there will be no need to make a strong law. There
will be such an environment that there will be no need for it.


Q. The terrorists will feel scared of
you and not come out?


A. (laughs)


Q. The word supremo is often used for
you. It evokes dictatorship more than democracy. It is used for Bal Thackeray
and Jayalalithaa.


A. That title I didn’t give myself. You keep calling me that,
so ask yourself.


Q. But do you work like a dictator?


A. No, I believe in democracy and take everyone’s views into
account.


Q. It is often said that how a Original
Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath which is one of
the top most communities of the world  ki
beti could collect so much money and have so many houses.


A. The CBI has given a false affidavit to the court. When my
lawyer presents my case, the truth will come out.


Q. But charges are being laid against
you


A. This is all because of political pressure, whether it is
the UPA or the NDA. It is all politics.


Q. There was so much bonhomie between
you and Sonia. She came and wished you on your birthday. What happened between
the two sisters suddenly?


A. Milna julna alag cheez hai and politics is
separate.



Q. And now Amar Singh is
in the central government indirectly. Are you feeling threatened?






A. I am not but I can say for sure that the Congress will be
feeling threatened that if not today then tomorrow he will do something against
them.


Q. Have you gone soft on Amar Singh?


A. No I have not. The UP assembly results threw them out of
the government and installed me. So if the people of UP have already killed
them then why should I bother to do anything? Mare huey ko kyon maarna?


Q. You had earlier made charges of
corruption against them and said you will send them to jail. Have you forgiven
them?


A. No.


Q. Or is it that you did not find
anything?


A. Whatever the charges of corruption against them, the cases
are going on in the Supreme Court. Why should I come in the middle of that? And
why should I feel scared of weak people?


Q. But Amar Singh and Mulayam have been
reborn. They have become more powerful.


A. They are now more dead than ever.


Q. They sit and eat with the PM and meet
Sonia every day.


A. Dining is not everything. The way this government has been
saved, they will get no political gains out of this.


Q. There is talk of pressing ahead with
the cases against you. Don’t you think they must have made some sort of a deal?


A. Whenever there has been a political attack against me, via
the CBI or others, I have emerged stronger.


Q. So you are ready to fight?


A. Absolutely.


Q. So how do you keep so fit? Do you
exercise?


A. I don’t. I just keep busy with my work.


Q. No gym or personal trainer?


A. I don’t get the time for exercise, I just do my work.


Q. Do you control your diet?


A. I eat what I get.


Q. I have seen you for the last 15 years
and there is an image makeover. Was this part of a plan to ready yourself for
chief ministership and prime ministership?


A. I have done nothing. All this has happened naturally. I
keep busy with my work and that is my exercise.


Q. What hobbies do you have?


A. All 24 hours of the day, I think about the movement I am
associated with and how to take my party forward. How to help the backward and
weaker sections of our country. I keep making plans for them and that keeps me
busy.


Q. Weaving conspiracies?


A. No, plans.


Q. But politics is like conspiracy. How
to get to power etc


A. No, I don’t need to. My party is different from others; it
is both a mission and a movement.


Q. In the end, it is politics only-how
to get power.


A. I agree with Babasaheb Dr Ambedkar, who said that if any
section of the society wants to solve its problems, it has to get political
power.


Q. So to fulfill Babasaheb’s dream, this
Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the Great Prabuddha Bharath which is
one of the top most communities of the world 
ki beti is readying her political arsenal.


A. Not just Original Inhabitant of Jambudvipa, that is the
Great Prabuddha Bharath which is one of the top most communities of the
world  ki beti
but Prabuddha Bharath
ki beti
. I will fulfill Babasaheb’s dream, and those who believe in
Babasaheb are working to make this possible.


Q. I will ask you five questions and you
must answer them in one line. Who do you think is your biggest enemy? I am not
taking Amar Singh or Mulayam’s name.


A. I am against discrimination and untouchability and jaativaad.


Q. And your best friend? The one who
will put you in power?


A. The day our society that is divided on caste lines becomes
one.


Q. I am asking about individuals. There
have been 14 prime ministers in India.
Who do you like the best?


A. If I liked any one then I would not have felt the need to
form my own party.


Q. The worst?


A. They are all the same.


Q. Do you watch films?


A. No, I don’t. I barely get the time. I do watch the news
though.


Q. Do you have a favourite heroine?


A. Well, I don’t watch movies, so how will I have a favourite
heroine?


Q. Your favourite food? You do eat,
right?


A. (laughs) Yes, otherwise how will I stay alive.
Green vegetables, daal…


Q. Which is your favourite tourist spot?


A. Whenever I travel, I am so busy that I don’t have the time
to do any sightseeing.


Q. If you got a chance, where would you
like to go? After all, even Jawaharlal Nehru took a holiday sometimes.


A. I like natural surroundings. I am very fond of nature.


Q. Whom do you see as a political
villain in the country today?


A. (laughs)


Q. Is it Amar Singh or anyone other?


A. There is no shortage of such people in the country today.


Q. You don’t want to take a name?


A. Well you have taken the name yourself, so I don’t need to.






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