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2559 Tue 13 Mar 2018 LESSON Buddha Vacana — The words of the Buddha — in19 Classical Czech19 Klasická čeština https://www.facebook.com/KanshiRamSaheb/ Saheb Kanshi Ram Non-governmental organisation (NGO) · 23,222 Likes Saheb Kanshi Ram’s photo. Saheb Kanshi Ram Kumar Chakravarthi Murali Bahujan Mahadev Devaiah Janaki Bsp Bsp We, the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and Religious Minorities, are able to secure our rights guaranteed under the Constitution of India due to the incessant struggle and matchless sacrifice of Babasaheb Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar. But the caste-prejudiced governments did not implement these rights to the benefit of our people. As the result, despite the provisions of Constitution, our socio-economic condition remained worst as before. Hence, Babasaheb advocated us to form the government on our own by getting united under one political platform and one leadership. In this direction, he contemplated to launch the Republican Party of India during his life-time. But he, perhaps, did not know that he would die so early even before he could bring his plans into action. He could not complete the task which was later on completed by Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb. We alone can challenge and defeat the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist BJP! Get ready!” Behanji Ms Mayawati’s clarion call to the BSP workers India, France ink pact to expedite work on Jaitapur nuclear plant Murderer of democratic institutions(Modi) and President Emmanuel Macron promised to fight climate change at the inaugural International Solar Alliance Summit business-standard.com
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: @ 8:29 pm

2559 Tue 13 Mar 2018 LESSON

 Buddha Vacana
— The words of the Buddha —


in
19 Classical Czech19 Klasická čeština


Non-governmental organisation (NGO) · 23,222 Likes
Saheb Kanshi Ram's photo.
  • Kumar Chakravarthi
  • Murali Bahujan
  • Mahadev Devaiah
  • Janaki Bsp Bsp

We,
the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and
Religious Minorities, are able to secure our rights guaranteed under the
Constitution of India due to the incessant struggle and matchless
sacrifice of Babasaheb Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar. But the caste-prejudiced
governments did not implement these rights to the benefit of our people.
As the result, despite the provisions of Constitution, our
socio-economic condition remained worst as before. Hence, Babasaheb
advocated us to form the government on our own by getting united under
one political platform and one leadership. In this direction, he
contemplated to launch the Republican Party of India during his
life-time. But he, perhaps, did not know that he would die so early even
before he could bring his plans into action. He could not complete the
task which was later on completed by Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb.

We alone can challenge and defeat the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist BJP! Get ready!”
Behanji Ms Mayawati’s clarion call to the BSP workers

India, France ink pact to expedite work on Jaitapur nuclear plant

Murderer of democratic institutions(Modi) and President Emmanuel Macron promised to fight climate
change at the inaugural International Solar Alliance Summit
business-standard.com

Dear brothers and sisters, Jaibheem to all.

http://velivada.com/…/kanshi-ram-saheb-done-shifting-polit…/
What Kanshi Ram Saheb Would Have Done In The Shifting Political Landscape In Sadaqat India
Building the party is the most important step in making the party an
effective instrument of using power in the Indian democratic setup. With
the changing landscape in Indian politics leaves many to wonder what
would Kanshi Ram Saheb have done in the present context.

A strong
party structure is an important step towards not only getting power but
holding the power. Power is exercised through the party in power, an
individual cannot exercise power. They can only do so during the
elections, but the individual powers must be added together in the party
so that the party represents the common will of the people.

The
BSP was founded with a will to create “Bahujan Samaj”. Every political
party has to take an ideological position and it has its interest
groups. It is not necessary that the party must be in power to reflect
the interests of its interest group. The interest can be reflected in
the parliament and also in the opposition of the policies that are
opposed to the interest of a particular group. The conclusion is this:
in power or not-in-power, a strong political party of a certain interest
group can keep interests bold and marked. So the interest and the goal
of the BSP is “Bahujan Samaj” and this Samaj is in majority though
divided into thousands of castes and hence devoid of the power to
self-govern itself.

While the upper castes in India are the
fragment in comparison with the Bahujan Samaj but are better organized
and hence it has the power to rule over the rest of the majority Samaj.
Kanshi Ram Saheb had a vision of changing the political power structure in India.

Borrowing an analogy from his mentor, Babasaheb Ambedkar, he often
demonstrated it using the pen as to how the vertical pen of the caste
system should be leveled and made horizontal. This simple analogy of
transforming Indian society from vertically arranged society to equal
and horizontal society is the basic vision and hence the overall
strategy of the BSP: the party that came into being after thousands of
people sacrificed their time, talent, and resources.

The Bahujan
Samaj Party is the outcome of the people’s movement and it must be
driven people’s interests who have sacrificed so much to bring it where
it is today.

Kanshi Ram Saheb always had an all India vision. He
wanted to concentrate on smaller states first to gain resources for
larger national battle, but success in UP had other stories to offer.

Even the bigger states can be politically changed and perhaps that was
the greatest demonstration of the strength of the mobilization of the
fractions among the Bahujan Samaj. Winning UP is the means and not the
end of the BSP. But the BSP seems to be only focused on UP and this is
not healthy for the BSP itself and the people’s movement.

Mayavati is putting some efforts to save whatever she can, but she must
realize that she alone, and her cronies, have no strength to create an
all-India political party. The Ambedkarite movement has become strong
everywhere and it will continue to become stronger.

Modi would
not visit Deekshabhoomi on 14th April for fun and inspiration. The
opponents know that the era of Ambedkarite movement has arrived and they
would like to co-opt it. Without this co-option, they will not survive.
The natural political beneficiary of this awakening will be BSP, if,
and this is a big if, it really widens its attention and net to capture
national power. If we have some hindrances in one area, it is wise to
widen the catchment area. The catchment area of the BSP is much bigger
than the UP.
Read - बीजेपी एंड कंपनी की राजनीतिक हिंसा पर बसपा का प्रेस रिलीज़
The BSP must change its approach if it is to realise the dream of Babasaheb Ambedkar. What would Kanshi Ram Saheb do?

He will be mindful of holding UP political base, but he won’t
restructure drastically and will be wary of giving major control to the
Brahmins. The way Mayavati has elected two city Presidents of Kanpur and
Lucknow eying on city elections. Kanshi Ram Saheb will not disband
“Bhaichara Committee”, the way it is done now in UP. There is no basis
to alienate people, but rather more dialogues should be created with
people of all backgrounds.
He will make ideology lead the party
and not otherwise. This means he will make the party an instrument of
spreading and enforcing ideology. He will not let tinkering or dilution
of ideology. He will be firm on the evolutionary trajectory of the party
from Dalit Soshit to Bahujan and from Bahujan to Indians.
He
will create strong regional bases in many states and even get
representatives elected from these states. He will create a real
“national party” that he indeed created. The BSP was the third largest
party in India at one time.
He will launch the Cultural
Revolution by embracing the Buddhism en masse. His plan could not come
into being due to his death.
He will create a strong social
movement that will cut across caste lines without blunting the
ideological edge against Brahmanism.
If he sees that it is not
possible with the current structure and current people, he will open up a
new front to accommodate youths and diverse castes.

BSP needs to
learn fast from what Kanshi Ram Saheb would have done and implement
those ideas to tackle the present political situation.

Author – Mangesh Dahiwale, Human Rights Activist


Kanshi
Ram Saheb is credited with master strategist in India’s politics. With
the changing landscape in Indian politics what he would have done
differently?
velivada.com

http://www.mashpedia.com/Kanshi_Ram
Kanshi Ram (15 March 1934 – 9 October 2006), also known as Bahujan
Nayak or Saheb, was an Indian politician and social reformer who worked
for the upliftment and political mobilisation of the Bahujans, the
untouchable groups at the bottom of the caste system in India. Towards
this end, Kanshi Ram founded Dalit Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti
(DS-4), the All India Backward and Minority Communities Employees’
Federation (BAMCEF) in 1971 and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) in 1984.
He ceded leadership of the BSP to his protégé Mayawati who has served
four terms as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

Early life

Kanshi Ram was born on 15 March 1934 in Khawaspur village, Ropar
district, to a Ramdasia Sikh family. The Ramdasias are a Dalit sect but
in Punjab at that time there was relatively little stigma attached to
being an untouchable.
Career

Kanshi Ram joined the offices of
the in Pune. In 1964, during his time there, he joined the agitation
started by SCEWASTAMB (All India Federation of Scheduled Caste/Tribes
Backward Class & Minorities Employees Welfare Associations) of
Government of India to prevent the abolition of a holiday commemorating
B. R. Ambedkar’s birthday.

In 1978, Ram formed BAMCEF, a non-political, non-religious and non-agitational organisation with wings like BVF, and .

Later, in 1981, Ram formed another social organisation known as Dalit
Shoshit Samaj Sangharsh Samiti (DS4). He started his attempt of
consolidating the Dalit vote and in 1984 he founded the Bahujan Samaj
Party (BSP). The BSP found success in Uttar Pradesh, initially struggled
to bridge the divide between Dalits and Other Backward Classes but
later under leadership of Mayawati bridged this gap.

In 1982 he
wrote his book The Chamcha Age (an Era of the Stooges) and in it he used
of the term chamcha (stooge) for Dalit leaders who for their selfish
motives work for parties like the Indian National Congress (INC) such as
Jagjivan Ram or Ram Vilas Paswan and for Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)
keeping in ethical context with Ambedkar’s book What Gandhi and the
Congress Have Done to the Untouchables to the politics of Dalit
liberation.

However, it was in 1986 when he declared his
transition from a social worker to a politician by stating that he was
not going to work for/with any other organization other than the BSP.
During the meetings and seminars of the party, Ram stated to ruling
classes that if they promised to do something, it would pay to keep the
promise, or else just accept that they were not capable of fulfilling
their promises.

After forming BSP Ram said the party would fight
first election to lose, next to get noticed and the third election to
win. In 1988 he contested Allahabad seat up against a future Prime
Minister V. P. Singh and performed impressively but lost polling close
to 70,000 votes.

He unsuccessfully contested from East Delhi (Lok
Sabha constituency) in 1989 and came at fourth position. Then he
represented the 11th Lok Sabha from Hoshiarpur, Kanshiram was also
elected as member of Lok Sabha from Etawah in Uttar Pradesh. In 2001 he
publicly announced Mayawati as his successor.

In the late 1990s,
Ram described the BJP as the most corrupt (mahabrasht) party in India
and the INC, Samajwadi Party and Janata Dal as equally corrupt.
Proposed conversion to Buddhism

In 2002, Ram announced his intention to convert to Buddhism on 14
October 2006, the 50th anniversary of Ambedkar’s conversion. He intended
for 20,000,000 of his supporters to convert at the same time. Part of
the significance of this plan was that Ram’s followers include not only
untouchables, but persons from a variety of castes, who could
significantly broaden Buddhism’s support. However, he died on 9 October
2006.

Mayawati his successor said “Saheb Kanshi Ram and I had
decided that we will convert and adopt Buddhism when we will get
“absolute majority” at the Centre. We wanted to do this because we can
make a difference to the religion by taking along with us millions of
people. If we convert without power then only we too will be converting.
But when you have power you can really create a stir”.
Death

Ram was a diabetic. He suffered a heart attack in 1994, an arterial clot in his brain in 1995, and a stroke in 2003.

He died in New Delhi on 9 October 2006 of a severe heart attack. He had been virtually bed-ridden for more than two years.

According to his wishes, his funeral rites were performed as per
Buddhist tradition, with Mayawati lighting the pyre. His ashes were
placed in an urn and kept at Prerna Sthal, where many people paid their
respects.

In his condolence message, Indian Prime Minister
Manmohan Singh described Ram as “one of the greatest social reformers of
our time .. his political ideas and movements had a significant impact
on our political evolution … He had a larger understanding of social
change and was able to unite various underprivileged sections of our
society and provide a political platform where their voices would be
heard.” Under Ram’s leadership, the BSP won 14 parliamentary seats in
the 1999 federal elections.


Watch the very best videos about Kanshi Ram, along with the latest information and articles.
mashpedia.com
VIDEOS 1 TO 50

जब गुंडे उत्तर प्रदेश छोड़कर भाग गए थे। Powerfull Speech of KanshiRam Ji. DIGITAL WORLD.

जब गुंडे उत्तर प्रदेश छोड़कर भाग गए थे। Powerfull Speech of KanshiRam Ji. DIGITAL WORLD.
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: Digital World

Manyawar Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji in Aap Ki Adalat

Manyawar Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji in Aap Ki Adalat
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Satvendar Madara

Political struggle of Kanshi Ram\ मान्यवर कांशीराम की पूरी कहानी

Political struggle of Kanshi Ram\ मान्यवर कांशीराम की पूरी कहानी
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: National Dastak

पहले तो मैं चमारों के पास जाता था  kanshiram

पहले तो मैं चमारों के पास जाता था kanshiram
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

कांशीराम जी की धाकड़ स्पीच

कांशीराम जी की धाकड़ स्पीच
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: ambedkartimes

कांशीराम के डॉक्टर का सनसनीखेज इंटरव्यू/INTERVIEW OF KANSHIRAM,S DR PRADEEP

कांशीराम के डॉक्टर का सनसनीखेज इंटरव्यू/INTERVIEW OF KANSHIRAM,S DR PRADEEP
Published: 2018/02/23
Channel: National Dastak

Kanshiram slap ashutosh aam admy party ... bamcef

Kanshiram slap ashutosh aam admy party … bamcef
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: I support BAMCEF Mulnivasi

Documentary on Kanshiram Ji

Documentary on Kanshiram Ji
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: AWAAZ INDIA TV

चमार मुस्लिम भाई भाई फिर ये हिन्दू कौम कहाँ से आयी। Kanshiram Ji Speech.

चमार मुस्लिम भाई भाई फिर ये हिन्दू कौम कहाँ से आयी। Kanshiram Ji Speech.
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Digital World

Sahab Kanshiram

Sahab Kanshiram’s speech on PAY BACK TO SOCIETY
Published: 2012/08/01
Channel: Sanjay Khobaragade

Kanshi Ram created his own legacy - Ravish Kumar

Kanshi Ram created his own legacy - Ravish Kumar
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

Kanshiram slapped Ashutosh (IBN7)

Kanshiram slapped Ashutosh (IBN7)
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: Jai Sudhir

sahab kanshiram ji speech at gidarwaha (mukatsar) 26-11-1996

sahab kanshiram ji speech at gidarwaha (mukatsar) 26-11-1996
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Sukhdev Nawanshahr official channel

The Last Journey of great leader Kanshiram

The Last Journey of great leader Kanshiram
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: browsebillions

मुझ से बामसेफ छीनने वाले लोग कौन है :kanshiram | bamcef snatchers from kanshiram

मुझ से बामसेफ छीनने वाले लोग कौन है :kanshiram | bamcef snatchers from kanshiram
Published: 2017/12/31
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

Sahib Kanshi Ram Ji

Sahib Kanshi Ram Ji’s Cycle March
Published: 2014/11/07
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

When Saint Kabir helped Saheb Kanshi Ram.

When Saint Kabir helped Saheb Kanshi Ram.
Published: 2018/03/08
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

WAH JI WAH DHANYA KANSHIRAM - (Hindi Song)

WAH JI WAH DHANYA KANSHIRAM - (Hindi Song)
Published: 2014/03/14
Channel: Anirudh Shewale

Jab Saheb Kanshi Ram ne RSS-BJP walo ko nanga kar diya

Jab Saheb Kanshi Ram ne RSS-BJP walo ko nanga kar diya
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

Kanshiram documentary by ndtv

Kanshiram documentary by ndtv
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: Dr. Ambedkar’s Caravan

बाबा साहब आंबेडकर की बात को सबसे जल्दी मानने वाले राज्य : kanshiram

बाबा साहब आंबेडकर की बात को सबसे जल्दी मानने वाले राज्य : kanshiram
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

Song : Kanshi Ram Diya    Singer : Gurshaan And Gursheen

Song : Kanshi Ram Diya Singer : Gurshaan And Gursheen
Published: 2017/10/09
Channel: Kranti TV

Lalu yadav on Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji

Lalu yadav on Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

Saheb Shri Kanshi Ram Ji in Punjab

Saheb Shri Kanshi Ram Ji in Punjab
Published: 2015/04/23
Channel: Saheb Kanshi Ram

कांशीराम के किस्सेः कांशीराम और उनके नारे | Kanshi Ram Story| Dalit Dastak

कांशीराम के किस्सेः कांशीराम और उनके नारे | Kanshi Ram Story| Dalit Dastak
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: दलित दस्तक

Pehchaan BSP ki by Bapu Shri Kanshi Ram ji

Pehchaan BSP ki by Bapu Shri Kanshi Ram ji
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Kamaljit Singh

kanshiram चमचो के चमचे मुझे आगे बढ़ने नहीं देंगे

kanshiram चमचो के चमचे मुझे आगे बढ़ने नहीं देंगे
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

POLITICAL JOURNEY OF KANSHIRAM/मान्यवर कांशीराम की राजनीति यात्रा

POLITICAL JOURNEY OF KANSHIRAM/मान्यवर कांशीराम की राजनीति यात्रा
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: National Dastak

किस्सा मान्यवर कांशीराम का- कांशीराम के फटे कपड़े| Story of Kanshiram| Dalit Dastak

किस्सा मान्यवर कांशीराम का- कांशीराम के फटे कपड़े| Story of Kanshiram| Dalit Dastak
Published: 2017/08/19
Channel: दलित दस्तक

kanshiram: मेरा लक्ष्य आरक्षण लेना नहीं, आरक्षण देना है

kanshiram: मेरा लक्ष्य आरक्षण लेना नहीं, आरक्षण देना है
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

BAHUJAN NAYAK KANSHIRAM DOCUMENTARY

BAHUJAN NAYAK KANSHIRAM DOCUMENTARY
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Dileep Pandey

BSP को चमारों की पार्टी कब से कहा जाने लगा  :kanshiram

BSP को चमारों की पार्टी कब से कहा जाने लगा :kanshiram
Published: 2017/10/03
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

Manyawar shri Kanshiram ji interview 1

Manyawar shri Kanshiram ji interview 1
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: K.B Vasu

भारत रतन देकर बाबा साहब का किया  था अपमान  kanshiram ji

भारत रतन देकर बाबा साहब का किया था अपमान kanshiram ji
Published: 2017/12/02
Channel: I support BAMCEF Mulnivasi

वोट को बम्ब बना दो ..kanshi ram ji

वोट को बम्ब बना दो ..kanshi ram ji
Published: 2017/12/14
Channel: I support BAMCEF Mulnivasi

BSP में अब काम नहीं करना :kanshiram | Do not work in BSP anymore

BSP में अब काम नहीं करना :kanshiram | Do not work in BSP anymore
Published: 2017/12/28
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

A Song Bit On Manya Sri Kanshiram

A Song Bit On Manya Sri Kanshiram
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Bahujana Movement

Important speech of Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji - Part 1

Important speech of Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji - Part 1
Published: 2011/10/21
Channel: Fight Club

The Ballot or the Bullet - Speech by Saheb Kanshi Ram

The Ballot or the Bullet - Speech by Saheb Kanshi Ram
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Dr. Ambedkar’s Caravan

बाबासाहेब की महानता की कसौटी पर खरे उतरे कांशीराम| Kanshi Ram story| Dalit Dastak

बाबासाहेब की महानता की कसौटी पर खरे उतरे कांशीराम| Kanshi Ram story| Dalit Dastak
Published: 2017/10/06
Channel: दलित दस्तक

kanshi ram biography in hindi || बहुजन के नायक || a protester, a thinker

kanshi ram biography in hindi || बहुजन के नायक || a protester, a thinker
Published: 2017/11/29
Channel: Creative Thinking

Shahab Kanshiram

Shahab Kanshiram’s English speech on Annihilation of Caste | Kuala Lumpur, 1998
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Ambedkar Archive

Motivational Audio of Dr Indu Choudhary speaking on Manyavar Saheb Kanshiram Jayanti 2017

Motivational Audio of Dr Indu Choudhary speaking on Manyavar Saheb Kanshiram Jayanti 2017
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: JAI BHEEM

ब्राह्मणो की बारात के साथ साथ चलता है :kanshiram

ब्राह्मणो की बारात के साथ साथ चलता है :kanshiram
Published: 2017/11/10
Channel: BSP Kanshiram Sankalp

jai bheem kanshi ram ji {Barood}

jai bheem kanshi ram ji {Barood}
Published: 2010/05/09
Channel: chanderphillaur

BSP chief Mayawati to show strength on Kanshi Ram’s death anniversary today in Lucknow

BSP chief Mayawati to show strength on Kanshi Ram’s death anniversary today in Lucknow
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: inKhabar

thrilling..Baba tera dusra naam dada saheb Kanshiram

thrilling..Baba tera dusra naam dada saheb Kanshiram
Published: 2010/03/18
Channel: browsebillions

Jan Man: 25 years back when Kanshi Ram and Mulayam Singh Yadav were friends

Jan Man: 25 years back when Kanshi Ram and Mulayam Singh Yadav were friends
Published: 2018/03/05
Channel: ABP NEWS

Kanshi Ram

Kanshi Ram’s Green Park
Published: 2009/09/18
Channel: Aaj Tak

BMV NEWS Avaidh Sharab Baramad Kanshiram Nagar

BMV NEWS Avaidh Sharab Baramad Kanshiram Nagar
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: bmvnewsindia

http://gosong.net/kanshi_ram_speech.html

Song
Duration
[+] Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji Speech
[+] Saheb Kanshi Ram Speech About Bahujan Samaj
[+] Sahib kanshi ram ji Speech on Shree Guru Ravidas Ji
[+] Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji Speech at Hadiabaad
[+] Saheb Kanshi Ram Ji Audio Speech
[+] Ru-Ba-Ru with Kanshiram
[+] Sahib kanshi ram ji
[+] Saheb Kanshi Ram Song
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https://dalitindia.blogspot.in/2015/01/rare-picture-of-kanshi-ram-saheb.html

Babu Kanshi Ram Ji - Founder of BSP

Babu Kanshi Ram Ji - Founder of BSP

Chamcha Jug Khatam Karo..

Babu Kanshi Ram Ji & Behan Mayawati Ji

Babu Kanshi Ram Ji & Behan Mayawati Ji

UP hui hamari hai, ab Delhi ki baari hai (UP is now ours, next is Delhi)

http://master-of-life.ru/video/6yWfPCmLbQc

Смотреть видео Manyavar Kanshi Ram Ji Green Eco Garden онлайн, скачать на мобильный.


Eco
Park - Lucknow Know before you go: Care: Eco Garden is closed on
Monday, Entry Gate: Geetapalli Side for Tourists and Public, For VIP :
Jail Road Side Entry…
master-of-life.ru

We,
the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Other Backward Classes and
Religious Minorities, are able to secure our rights guaranteed under the
Constitution of India due to the incessant struggle and matchless
sacrifice of Babasaheb Dr. Bheemrao Ambedkar. But the caste-prejudiced
governments did not implement these rights to the benefit of our people.
As the result, despite the provisions of Constitution, our
socio-economic condition remained worst as before. Hence, Babasaheb
advocated us to form the government on our own by getting united under
one political platform and one leadership. In this direction, he
contemplated to launch the Republican Party of India during his
life-time. But he, perhaps, did not know that he would die so early even
before he could bring his plans into action. He could not complete the
task which was later on completed by Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb.

Non-political
Routes: When Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb decided to revive the
Ambedkarite movement, the movement was almost extinct. People had almost
forgotten about the movement. Kanshi Ram Saheb made a deep study as to
the conditions which caused the failure of Ambedkarite movement. He saw
that most of the followers of Babasaheb were out of the movement.  He
started probing the reasons which led to the discontinuation of the
movement followed by the death of Babasaheb Ambedkar. He, after a
thorough study, understood that the failure of Ambedkarite movement was
caused due to the lack of ‘non-political routes’ among the Bahujan Samaj
and hence, he decided to strengthen the non-political routes to create
the ‘non-purchasable leadership’. He realized that only that society
with strong non-political routes would produce the ‘non-purchasable’
missionary leaders. Thus he decided to prepare the non-political routes
of the society by preparing the educated employees and youths. Before
launching the Bahujan Samaj Party, he started the BAMCEF and DS-4 to
prepare the educated employees and youth from among the SC/ST/OBCs and
Religious Minorities. He devoted the best part of his life to strengthen
the non-political routes of Bahujan Samaj.

Importance of Cadre
Camps: I joined the Ambedkarite movement when Kanshi Ram Saheb was
organizing the employees under the banner of BAMCEF. Seeing my
dedication to the movement and capabilities, he started encouraging me.
But the senior members could not tolerate it. They began opposing Saheb
arguing, “How can you project a most junior person ignoring seniors like
us? If you continue to project her too much, we will leave the
organization”. Kanshi Ramji replied them sternly saying, “If you are
thinking to leave tomorrow, it is better for you to leave today itself.
Why postpone it?” All these old members, who are mostly from Maharashtra
and Punjab, left the movement even before Saheb launched BSP. They went
out of BAMCEF and formed their own BAMCEF outfit. They had even got it
registered. Today there are several outfits of BAMCEF and nobody knows
how many outfits are there. Our people have not gone with them. These
seniors went alone and remained alone, but the people and workers have
remained with the movement. Nobody got disturbed over their exit. Do you
know why the workers and people did not follow those old members?

Those
were the honest people who were solidly prepared by Manyawar Kanshi Ram
Saheb through cadre camps. Cadrization is the only way to prepare
missionary workers and society. Saheb, with his team of missionary
cadres, was able to create new leadership. He went on to start DS-4 and
finally BSP on April 14, 1984. The workers and society remained with the
movement only because they were prepared through the means of
cadrization. Saheb had rejuvenated the Ambedkarite movement only by
conducting cadres.

As dreamt by Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar, Manyawar
Kanshi Ram Saheb launched the political party, namely, Bahujan Samaj
Party on April 14, 1984.  We, by following the footsteps of our
ancestors and guidance of Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb, are able to form
our own government for four times in Uttar Pradesh in the past. As the
result, we are able to improve the socio-economic condition of our
people in Uttar Pradesh. We are able to secure the constitutional rights
of our people. We are also able to build memorials, statues and parks
in the honor of our ancestors. But we could not succeed to form our
government in other states. As the result, atrocities against our people
are continuing unabatedly. Exploitation of the poor has not been ended.

Tampering of EVMs by BJP :  Our failure to form our own
government in other states has helped the BJP to defeat us in Uttar
Pradesh. They found that BSP is strong only in UP and not in other
states and hence they thought that if they could finish us in UP, BSP
will die a natural death in all other states. That is how they focused
their entire strength to defeat us in UP. However, they could not win
through fair means. They had to resort to fraudulent way of tampering
the electronic voting machines (EVMs) to defeat us.

BJP and
company had used the EVMs in 2014 itself to win the General Election. We
thought that it was the mandate against the scams-ridden and
scandals-tainted rule of Congress. But the election results of the five
states held in March 2017 have exposed the EVM scandal of BJP. They
could not win in Punjab, Uttarkhand, Goa and Manipur. In Goa and
Manipur, Congress party got lead over the BJP. But BJP leaders have
managed the other MLAs form their governments. In Uttarkhand, it was the
internal quarrel of the Congress that gave a lead to the BJP. In
Punjab, the anti-incumbency factor of Akali Dal gave the victory to
Congress. BJP, being the partner of Akali Dal, lost the election. In all
the above four states, they did not tamper with the EVMs and the
results were on the expected lines. But in Uttar Pradesh, nobody
expected that BJP would get such a huge margin of victory. The senior
bureaucrats of UP, who are usually the first to know the results in
advance, were making preparations to welcome the BSP Government. They
were utterly surprised when the results were announced. Ms mayawati,
seeing the trend of results late in the morning, went to the press and
exposed the EVM fraud. Later on, we also launched nation-wide struggle
against the fraud of EVMs and legal battle to get the VVPAT incorporated
with EVMs. Thus, we are confronting the BJP at every step.

BJP
Mischief in Saharanpur: It is to be understood that we are the only one
who are challenging the RSS agenda of BJP rulers during the past three
years. Be it the death of Rohit Vemula in Hyderabad University, attack
against Dalits in Una of Gujarat, Vyapam scandal of Madya Pradesh or
lynching of Muslims in Dadri, Ms mayawati vehemently opposed and exposed
them in the Rajya Sabha.  Hence, the BJP leaders had been hatching
plans to choke our voice. They are planning to isolate BSP from other
communities and limit us only to SC/STs. That is why they managed to
create clashes between SC/STs and the Jat community in Saharanpur. They
are also able to use a SC/ST organization in their conspiracy. She 
clearly understood the game-plan of BJP behind the Saharanpur clashes.
She decided to expose them in the Parliament. When she gave the notice
to speak on the Saharanpur issue in the Rajya Sabha on July 18, 2017,
they were afraid that their mischief would get exposed and hence they
did not allow her to speak. Even the ministers also joined the chorus to
prevent my speech. She went to the Parliament to give voice to the
aspirations of people and find redresses to their woes. The issue of
Sabbirpur in Saharanpur is a very serious one in which a Scheduled
Caste  was killed, several others were injured and their houses were
burnt. If she was not allowed to do justice to her aggrieved people and
not able to protect them, why should she remain in the Parliament? BJP
people may try to silence her. But she,  being Babasaheb’s daughter and
Kanshi Ram Saheb’s disciple, cannot be silenced by anyone.

Ms
Mayawati decided to resign my Rajya Sabha membership as Babasaheb
Ambedkar did in 1951.she, after quitting the Rajya Sabha seat, have also
decided to tour the whole country to prepare our people and strengthen
our movement in every state. We must put an end to all kinds of
exploitations by forming our government.

Have Faith in the
Success of our Movement: The BJP has become strong not because of its
own strength, but because of the failure of other parties. Presently,
you may be thinking that we can succeed if we join the UPA / Congress
and other parties. These parties are in such pitiable conditions that
they cannot be of any use to us. We must achieve the success on our own
strength without depending on any other party. In fact, only we can
challenge and defeat the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist BJP.
Other than BSP, no other party has got the determination and morality to
challenge BJP. Do not lose your faith in the success of our movement.
Do not lose your heart in the face of odd situations. Our ancestors had
faced much more tough situations, but they did not lose heart. Babasaheb
Ambedkar and Manyawar Kanshi Ramji were neither disappointed nor did
they get discouraged when they faced severe challenges and setbacks.- Ms
Mayawati said

We alone can challenge and defeat the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist BJP! Get ready!”
Behanji Ms Mayawati’s clarion call to the BSP workers


Ms. Mayawati Ji
(BSP National President, MP (Rajya Sabha & former Chief Minister, Uttar Pradesh)

https://www.mainstreamweekly.net/article7062.html

Kumari Mayawati, the chief of the Bahujan Samaj Party, has alleged that
the prime reason for the landslide victory of the BJP in the Uttar
Pradesh elections is due to tampering with the EVMs. “How come the BJP
managed to win in Muslim bastions across the State? Did the EVMs not
accept votes cast for other parties?”where she has a valid point in her allegations.—Mayawati wondered.

There are no exceptional reasons for Muslims to move into the BJP fold
at this juncture. The BJP had not even offered a single seat to Muslims
to contest the elections and yet the party has won many seats from the
Muslim-dominated constit-uencies. The Congress has supported the BSP
leader’s demand for a probe into the EVMs along with the Samajwadi
Party, Laloo Prasad Yadav and others. “Whether her doubts are founded or
unfounded, it is a matter to be addressed by the Election Commission in
order to erase all doubts about the integrity, honesty and impartiality
of the electoral process which is intrinsic to uphold the democratic
traditions of our country.
The
very fact that the EVMs have to be replaced is in itself a clear proof
that the EVMs are tampered by the Murderers of democratic institutions
(Modi) to win elections.
Ex
CJI Sathasivam had committed a grave error of judgement by ordering
that the EVMs have to be replaced in a phased manner instead of ordering
to use Ballot Papers.
So
the present CJI must order for dissolving the Central and all stat
governments selected by these fraud EVMs and go for fresh polls with
Ballot Papers to save Universal Adult Franchise and Democracy as
enshrined in our marvelous modern Constitution which negated by the
fraud EVMs.
The
softwareand its source code is manufactured by foreign countries whih
is not even shared with the ECI. That being the case it is ridiculous
forthe CEI to challenge the common voters to challenge the tampering of
the fraud EVMs without making the software and the source code public
which is the right of the voters of a Democratic country.
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/bsp-demands-use-of-ballot-paper-in-assembly-polls/article19980837.ece#!

Karnataka

BSP demands use of ballot paper in Assembly polls


BSP leader Marasandra Muniyappa addressing a press conference in Kalaburagi on Saturday. - PHOTO: ARUN KULKARNI
 
| Photo Credit:
ARUN KULKARNI

Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), that had complained of Electronic Voting
Machine tampering in the Uttar Pradesh elections, has now asked the
Election Commission of India to use traditional ballot papers in the
upcoming Assembly polls in Karnataka.

Addressing a media
conference here on Saturday, Marasandra Muniyappa, State Coordinator and
party’s Karnataka in-charge, alleged that EVM tampering by the
Bharatiya Janata Party was the only reason for his party’s defeat in
Uttar Pradesh.

“Nowhere in the world, except India, are EVMs used
in elections as there was a possibility of tampering. It is EVM
tampering alone that led to our defeat in Uttar Pradesh. Tampering was
not done in Punjab, Goa, Manipur and Uttarakhand that also went to the
polls with Uttar Pradesh. It was done only in Uttar Pradesh as it had
become an issue of prestige for BJP to record a victory there,” he said.
He added that his party approached the court as it had sufficient
evidence to establish EVM tampering, he said.

Mr. Muniyappa exuded
confidence of winning at least 25 seats in the elections in Karnataka.
“We were in second or third place in five constituencies in the last
election. We have built party structures at grassroots level and
expanded our mass base in many constituencies,” he said.

Criticising
Prime Minister Narendra Modi for hailing Dr. B.R. Ambedkar in words and
taking “anti-Ambedkarite stance” in deeds, Mr. Muniyappa said that BJP
was a party of “anti-people and pro-corporate classes.” “The BJP has
always been against the poor people of this country. Dalits, backward
classes, minorities and other oppressed sections have suffered a lot
under its rule. Dalits and Muslims are being killed in the name of
protecting cows. It was the party that had led agitations against Mandal
Commission’s reconditions for reservations to Backward Classes,” he
said.

EVMs are Vulnerable to Fraud

A study by Hari K. Prasad, J. Alex Halderman and Rop Gonggrijp found
India’s EVMs were vulnerable to fraud though the Election Commission of
India has spoken of India’s EVMs as “infallible” and “perfect”.
“Electronic Voting Machines used around the world have been shown to
suffer from serious security problems,” they had opined. According to
them, “India’s machines had never been subjected to credible independent
research. The Election Commission’s two expert committee reports were
rather minimal and were performed by scientists with no apparent
electronic voting security credentials. These studies were conducted
without access to the machines’ source code and relied on presentations
and site visits with the manufacturers.”

In contrast, the group had performed its own experiments with a real
machine and had demonstrated working attacks. The study had found that
an attacker with brief access to EVMs can tamper with votes and
potentially change election outcomes. They had demonstrated two attacks
that involved physically tampering with the EVMs’ hardware. First, they
had shown how dishonest election insiders or other criminals could alter
election results by replacing parts of the machines with malicious
look-alike parts. Such attacks could be accomplished without the
involvement of any local poll official. Second, they showed how
attackers could use portable hardware devices to change the vote-records
stored in the machines. This attack could be carried out by local
election officials without being detected by the national authorities or
the EVM manufacturers. Safeguards against these attacks are either
absent or woefully inadequate in the country.7

It would be easy, according to them, to programme a dishonest EVM or
EVM component so that the manipulation is only performed after voting
has been going on for a long time, or if the total number of votes is in
hundreds. That way, simple mock polls will show the proper results, but
all the final election results will be manipulated.

The fact that the election authorities have not allowed public
scrutiny of the security of EVMs doesn’t make them secure. “There are
more than 1.4 million EVMs in India, and criminal attackers would likely
have less difficulty getting access to a machine than we did. Unlike
actual criminals, we are working to inform the public about the security
problems we found.”8

What does this mean for a functioning democracy? Electronic machines
are liable to be manipulated. Whether they have been manipulated or not
is to be found out through verification. If they are, then there would
be the larger questions of democracy and what its implications would be
for the people.


       

 ಈ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ನಡೆಯೋ
ಕೋನೆ ಆಟ/ಸಂಘರ್ಷ
(BSP v/s BJP)
ಬೌದ್ಧದಮ್ಮ v/s ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣ ವಾದ

http://bestanimations.com/Animals/Mammals/Elephants/Elephants.html

elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation
elephant clip art animation

Achievments of the party



The BSP’s primary achievements have been with respect to the state


governance of Uttar Pradesh. The welfare schemes implemented in UP have


greatly benefited the poor and downtrodden sections of the society,


including the women, disabled persons and members of religious


minorities.


  • Notable amendments of the ‘zamindari kanoon’ or the rules of the
    patriarchal landed property of the zamindars were made, to benefit the
    farmers, women, labourers and others.
  • A number of schemes or yojnas initiated in UP have helped poor
    families to a significant extent. Some of these notable schemes are
    ‘Uttar Pradesh Mukhyamantri Mahamaya Gharib Arthik Madad Yojna’,
    ‘Savitribai Phule Shikhsha Madad Yojna’, ‘Mahamaya Gharib Balika
    Ashirwad Yojna’, ‘Dr. Ambedkar Gram Sabha Samagra Vikas Yojna’,
    ‘Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Sheri Gharib Awas Yojna’ and others. These
    schemes have made possible the families of the Below Poverty Line (BPL)
    list to get free education, housing and other assistance from the BSP.
  • More significantly, the BSP has catered to the needs of members of
    the lower-castes belonging to various professions such as lawyers,
    doctors, teachers, etc.
  • The BSP have made significant contributions to the infrastructure,
    maintenance of law and order in UP, medical and health facilities to the
    people, as well as rural and urban empowerment.


All the developmental policies of the BSP follow in their aim: “Sarvajan


Hitay- Sarvajan Sukhay” or the peace and prosperity of all the members


of the depressed classes.
              

Bahujan Samaj Party Factsheet

Election symbol
Founded on April 14, 1984. 33 years ago
Founder Kanshi Ram
Present prominent leaders of BSP Kumari Mayawati
President of BSP Kumari Mayawati
Vice President Anand Kumar
Political Position Centre left
Philosophy Human rights, Social equality, Secularism, Social justice, Self respect
Party type National Party
Colour Blue
Seats in Lok Sabha 0 out of 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha 5 out of 245
Head office address Party-12 , Rakab Ganj Road. Connaught Place, New Delhi -110001
Phone no. (011) 23358219
Official website http://www.bspindia.org/


Nationally






Recognised Political Parties in India

There
are 7 nationally recognised political parties in India. The following
table gives their names, popular acronyms and symbols.

Party Name Acronym Symbol Image
Bahujan Samaj Party BSP Elephant*
Bharatiya Janata Party BJP Lotus
Communist Party of India CPI Ears of Corn and Sickle
Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M)/CPM Hammer, Sickle and Star
Indian National Congress INC /Congress Hand(Open Palm)
Nationalist Party of India NCP Clock
Rashtriya Janata Dal RJD Hurricane Lamp (Lantern)

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Yatender567-1328970-democratic-politics/

      



DEMOCRATIC- POLITICS

DEMOCRATIC POLITICS:

DEMOCRATIC POLITICS POLITICAL PARTIES

Objectives:

Objectives * Understand the
vital role of struggle in the expansion of democracy. * Analyse party
systems in democracies. * I ntroduction to major political parties in
the country. * Analyse the role of social movements and non –party
political formations.


Meaning,:

Meaning,
A political party is an organized group of citizens who profess to
share the same political views and who by acting as a political unit,
try to control the government. - GILCHRIST CHARACTERISTICS
of Political Parties ( I ) An organized group of persons ( II )
Similar views on political and economic problems of the country ( III )
Aim to control the government by constitutional and peace means ( IV )
Their aim is to promote national interest and not any sectional interest


FUNCTIONS OF POLITICAL PARTIES:

FUNCTIONS
OF POLITICAL PARTIES They educate the masses, through their meetings
and propaganda , about the various problems facing the country at a
particular time. They helps in the formation of public opinion. 2. They
fight elections and try to get the maximum number of their candidates
elected. 3. The party which gets an absolute majority in the
legislature, forms the government and runs the administration of the
country. 4. Other parties form the opposition. They criticise the wrong
policies of the government and check it form becoming despotic. 5.
Political parties give political education to the people. 6. They serve
as a link between the government and the people. 7.They serve as a link
between the Legislature and Executive organs of Government.


CONDITIONS FOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY:

CONDITIONS
FOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTY Through an order issued on December 2,
2002 by Election Commission If the party secures 6% of the valid
votes polled in any four or more states in the lasts Lok Sabha
election or Assembly election in four states ; and in addtion it wins at
four seats in Lok Sabha from any one or more states. OR It wins at
least 2% seats in Lok Sabha (11 Seats in the existing Lok Sabha which
543 members ) and these members are elected from at least there states.


MAJOR NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES:

MAJOR
NATIONAL POLITICAL PARTIES National Party Symbol 1.Bhartiya Janta
Party Lotus ( BJP ) 2.Bahujan Samaj Party Elephant ( BSP )
3.Communist Party of Ears of corn India ( C PI )
and sickle 4.Communist Party of Hammer, Sickle India ( C
PM ) and Star 5.Indian National Congress Hand (Congress- I )
6.Nationalist Congress Clock Party ( NCP )


REGIONAL POLITAL PARTIES IN INDIA:

REGIONAL
POLITAL PARTIES IN INDIA PARTY RESERVED SYMBOL Assam Gan
Parishad Elephant Telugu Desam Party Bicycle DMK
Rising Sun All-India Anna DMK Two Leaves Shiv Sena
The Bow and Arrow National Conference Plough Shiromani Akali
Dal Scales Rastriya Janta Dal Lalten Samajwadi Party
Cycle


CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIAN PARTY SYSTEM:

CHARACTERISTICS
OF INDIAN PARTY SYSTEM Absence of Specific Constitutional Provision
- Article 19(C) All citizens shall have the right to form associations
or unions. Multiple Party system – In 2006 – national parties -6;
regional parties -35, non – recognised parties – 612, End of one
Dominant Party System - Rise of Effective Opposition Party - Independent
Members - Lack of Continuous Contact with the Masses - Personality
Cult - Absence of Clear-cut Ideology - Criminalisation of Politics –
Existence of many Cummunal and Regional Parties - -


ROLE OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN POLITICS :

ROLE
OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS IN POLITICS Peasant movements Trade Union
Movement Women’s Movement in India Backward Class Movement in India



The

intelligent cadres for Sarvajan hithay Sarvajan sukhaya have to


approach. all the voters physically and through WhatsApp, Facebook,


Twitter, SMSes, emails and through virgin media but not PRESSTITUTES to


make them vote:

EVM vs Ballot Papers
ie.,
BJP vs BSP
Awakened with Awareness
Maha Mayawati vs Dull-headed Chief Chitpavan brahmins RSS (Rakshsa Swayam Sewaks)
Modern Constitution vs Outdated Manusmriti
Non-violence vs intolerant violence
Compassion vs intolerance
Equality vs inequalities
Democracy vs fascism
Sanity vs insanity
Elephant vs Lotus
The result will show 99% votes for BSP and less than 1% for BJP
Let’s go!

It is only after Mayawatiji exposed the EVMs scam the whole world got awakened.


Again if Mayawatiji directs the most intelligent cadres starting
from state to booth level to go to the voters with Ballot Papers
consisting names and symbols of all the national and state level
political parties to request the voters to vote for the party they like.
That way people can choose their party in a free and fair manner. This
will be a list system of elections to vote for party and not for
individuals. The Concerned party can nominate the representatives on the
basis of how many voters each cadre had contacted. The results after
counting the votes could be made public through social media and media
who support democracy.

Mayawati Dares BJP To Hold Polls Using Ballot Papers

Tilak taraju aur talwaar


Inko maaro jute chaar


(Mayawati slogan during 1990)

Chalega Haathi Udegi dhool, na rahega punja na rahega phool” (When the elephant walks triumphantly, neither the hand (congress) nor the flower (BJP) survives). 

“Naagnaath Saapnaath” ( both are poisonous snakes) BSP describing BJP
and Congress ‘Vote se lenge PM/CM, arakshan se lenge SP/DM’ (we will win
PM/CM with vote, SP/DM with reservation. “Chad gundon ki chhati par,
mohar laga do haathi par” ( Crush teh chest of goondas and vote the
elephant) Mayawati used this slogan in 2007 elections. “UP hui hamari
hai, ab dilli ki baari hai” ( UP is ours, now its Delhi turn next) after
UP assembly elections in 2007……aiming for national elections for
power in NEW DELHI. ‘Baba Saheb Mission Tera, Kanshi Ram Karenge Pura’
.Later changed to ‘Baba Saheb Mission Tera, Behenji Karenge Pura’. 


BSP Ki Kya Pehchan, Neela Jhanda Haathi Nishan’.


‘Pathar Rakh Lo Chaati Par, Button Dabao Haathi Par’.



https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hoTl_36Tzzs

संसद में ईवीएम घोटाले पर मायावती का सनसनीखेज बयान/MAYAWATI ON EVM IN PARLIAMENT


youtube.com

behenji sach bol rahi hai

Sahi hai evm ko hatao

EVM should be banned

Toamit Chaudhary

She is absolutely right…according her E.V.M ought to be ban…!! She is the God of  society….

BJP can go to any extant of debauchery

inko bolne kiun nahi diya jaa raha hai baar baar unko baithne kiun kaha jaate raha hai

I salute u




ye maderchod sale sab chor hai beiman hain voton ki chori karke jeete hain inki salo ki aulad doob jayegi



correct iron Lady👍👍👍

Pankaj Rawat

बहन जी आप शेरनी है
हमे पता है कि आप कभी पिछे नही हटेंगी
Aap aage badhe hum aap ke sath hai

sabha pati bjp ka agent hai

Vikkarm John

Mazhar Abbas sahi kaha Bhai

Bhenji zindaabaad a age bado janta aapke saath hai

evm se election nai honi chaiye. evm is dangerous for country…





evm murdabad



Again if Mayawatiji directs the most intelligent cadres starting
from state to booth level to go to the voters with Ballot Papers
consisting names and symbols of all the national and state level
political parties to request the voters to vote for the party they like.
That way people can choose their party in a free and fair manner. This
will be a list system of elections to vote for party and not for
individuals. The Concerned party can nominate the representatives on the
basis of how many voters each cadre had contacted. The results after
counting the votes could be made public through social media and media
who support democracy.

(https://www.britannica.com/topic/list-system

party-list system
, a method of voting for several electoral candidates, usually members of the same political party, with one mark of the ballot. It is used to elect the parliaments of many western European countries, including Switzerland, Italy, the Benelux countries, and Germany. Electors vote
for one of several lists of candidates, usually prepared by the
political parties. Each party is granted seats in proportion to the
number of popular votes it receives. There are several rules for
computing the number of seats awarded to a party, the best known being
the “d’Hondt rule” and the “largest-remainder rule.” Seats are usually
awarded to candidates in the order in which their names appear on the
lists. Although ordinarily the list system forces the voters to cast
their votes for parties rather than for individual candidates, a number
of variations on the system permit voter preferences for individuals to
be taken into account. The Swiss system, one of the most extreme
variations, is marked by panachage, the ability of the voter to mix candidates from several party lists if he so desires.)


Napolean
had once said that ” I can face two battalions but not two scribes”.
Now you can see such scribes only in social media such as Facebook,
WhatsApp, Twitter, websites, blogs, SMSes and those who send block
emails etc.,


In
these programs, Mayawatiji can personally verifying the progress of
formation of committees in addition to conducting the polls with Ballot
Papers. These
programs could be conducted in the name of ‘Grand Conference of
Workers’ (Karyakarthan ka Vishal Mahasabha).

(http://wikiurls.com/?https://challenges.openideo.com/challenge/voting/inspiration/election-symbols-in-india

Election Symbols in India



A significant number of Indian voters are illiterate, so
Indian elections use symbols on ballot papers (designed such that the
texts about candidates & party names are secondary). This ensures
that voters to make the choice that they intended to.





Yes!
It is only under the able leadership of our Maha Mayawatji who joined
the Ambedkarite movement when Kanshi Ram Saheb was organizing the
employees under the banner of BAMCEF. Seeing her dedication
to the movement and capabilities, he started encouraging her. But the
senior members could not tolerate it. They began opposing
Saheb arguing, “How can you project a most junior person ignoring
seniors like us? If you continue to project her too much, we will leave
the organization”. Kanshi Ramji replied them sternly saying, “If you are
thinking to leave tomorrow, it is better for you to leave today itself.
Why postpone it?” All these old members, who are mostly from
Maharashtra and Punjab, left the movement even before Saheb launched
BSP. They went out of BAMCEF and formed their own BAMCEF outfit. They
had even got it registered. Today there are several outfits of BAMCEF
and nobody knows how many outfits are there. Our people have not gone
with them. These seniors went alone and remained alone, but the people
and workers have remained with the movement. Nobody got disturbed over
their exit. Do you know why the workers and people did not follow those
old members?

Those were the honest people who were solidly prepared by
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb through cadre camps. Cadrization is the only
way to prepare missionary workers and society. Saheb, with his team of
missionary cadres, was able to create new leadership. He went on to
start DS-4 and finally BSP on April 14, 1984. The workers and society
remained with the movement only because they were prepared through the
means of cadrization. Saheb had rejuvenated the Ambedkarite movement
only by conducting cadres.

As
dreamt by Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar, Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb
launched the political party, namely, Bahujan Samaj Party on April 14,
1984. We along with the able leadership of Ms Mayawatiji , by following
the footsteps of our ancestors and guidance of
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb, were able to form our own government for four

times in Uttar Pradesh in the past. As a result, we were able to
improve the socio-economic condition of our people in Uttar Pradesh. We
were able to secure the constitutional rights of our people. We were
also
able to build memorials, statues and parks in the honor of our
ancestors. Ms Mayawatiji became eligible to become the Prime Minister
with her best governance. This was not tolerated by the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist rulers and as the people
stood solidly behind her they started tampering the EVMs to defeat her.
Also we could not succeed to form our government in other
states. As the result, atrocities against our people are continuing
unabatedly. Exploitation of the poor has not been ended.

Negating the Universal Adult Franchise BJP started Tampering of EVMs:  BSP’s failure to form its own
government in other states has helped the BJP to defeat it in Uttar
Pradesh. They found that BSP is strong only in UP and not in other
states and hence they thought that if they could finish BSP in UP, BSP
will die a natural death in all other states. That is how they focused
their entire strength to defeat BSP in UP. However, they could not win
through fair means. They had to resort to fraudulent way of tampering
the electronic voting machines (EVMs) to defeat BSP.

BJP and company had used the EVMs in 2014 itself to win the
General Election. BSP thought that it was the mandate against the
scams-ridden and scandals-tainted rule of Congress. But the election
results of the five states held in March 2017 have exposed the EVM
scandal of BJP. They could not win in Punjab, Uttarkhand, Goa and
Manipur. In Goa and Manipur, Congress party got lead over the BJP. But
BJP leaders have managed the other MLAs form their governments. In
Uttarkhand, it was the internal quarrel of the Congress that gave a lead
to the BJP. In Punjab, the anti-incumbency factor of Akali Dal gave the
victory to Congress. BJP, being the partner of Akali Dal, lost the
election. In all the above four states, they did not tamper with the
EVMs and the results were on the expected lines. But in Uttar Pradesh,
nobody expected that BJP would get such a huge margin of victory. The
senior bureaucrats of UP, who are usually the first to know the results
in advance, were making preparations to welcome the BSP Government. They
were utterly surprised when the results were announced. I, seeing the
trend of results late in the morning, went to the press and exposed the
EVM fraud. Later on, we also launched nation-wide struggle against the
fraud of EVMs and legal battle to get the VVPAT incorporated with EVMs.
Thus, we are confronting the BJP at every step.

When
the BJP says that even in 2019 Lok Sabha elections the same EVMs will
be used and entire EVMs replacement with VVPAT will not be possible
because of the cost of Rs 5000 crore and the paid media conducting
pre-poll and opinion polls always in favour of BJP, it will be the right
thing for BSP cadres to go for requesting the voters to vote in Ballot
papers to save Universal Adult Franchise  as guaranteed by our Modern
Constitution and save democracy. Today it is possible with the online
availability of Voters list and all the details to conduct polls with
Ballot Papers.

When Ms Mayawatiji took over the charge of party’s president post, she had faced
toughest time of her life. The old leaders such as Phulsingh Barayya and
Davuram Ratnakar betrayed the movement by playing in the hands of other
parties. But she was not disappointed. She carried ahead the movement all
alone. She always enjoyed her work. She wants the cadres must also do their work with great
joy. She askes “Do not think that success brings us joy. On the other hand it is
the joy that brings us succes. We must carry our struggles with great
celebration and bliss. The present situation may look very critical and
depressing. But we can convert this situation to our advantage by our
determination and hard work. We should never think
that ‘why should I work when I would not be getting any benefit?’ We are
already reaping the benefits of struggles of our ancestors. We must now
work for the benefit of our future generations. If we fail to do our
duty, our children will be forced to become slaves in future.”Napolean
had once said that ” I can face two battalions but not two scribes”.
Now you can see such scribes only in social media such as Facebook,
WhatsApp, Twitter, websites, blogs, SMSes and those who send block
emails etc.,


In
these programs, Mayawatiji can personally verifying the progress of
formation of committees in addition to conducting the polls with Ballot
Papers. These
programs could be conducted in the name of ‘Grand Conference of
Workers’ (Karyakarthan ka Vishal Mahasabha).

Yes!
It is only under the able leadership of our Maha Mayawatji who joined
the Ambedkarite movement when Kanshi Ram Saheb was organizing the
employees under the banner of BAMCEF. Seeing her dedication
to the movement and capabilities, he started encouraging her. But the
senior members could not tolerate it. They began opposing
Saheb arguing, “How can you project a most junior person ignoring
seniors like us? If you continue to project her too much, we will leave
the organization”. Kanshi Ramji replied them sternly saying, “If you are
thinking to leave tomorrow, it is better for you to leave today itself.
Why postpone it?” All these old members, who are mostly from
Maharashtra and Punjab, left the movement even before Saheb launched
BSP. They went out of BAMCEF and formed their own BAMCEF outfit. They
had even got it registered. Today there are several outfits of BAMCEF
and nobody knows how many outfits are there. Our people have not gone
with them. These seniors went alone and remained alone, but the people
and workers have remained with the movement. Nobody got disturbed over
their exit. Do you know why the workers and people did not follow those
old members?

Those were the honest people who were solidly prepared by
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb through cadre camps. Cadrization is the only
way to prepare missionary workers and society. Saheb, with his team of
missionary cadres, was able to create new leadership. He went on to
start DS-4 and finally BSP on April 14, 1984. The workers and society
remained with the movement only because they were prepared through the
means of cadrization. Saheb had rejuvenated the Ambedkarite movement
only by conducting cadres.

As
dreamt by Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar, Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb
launched the political party, namely, Bahujan Samaj Party on April 14,
1984. We along with the able leadership of Ms Mayawatiji , by following
the footsteps of our ancestors and guidance of
Manyawar Kanshi Ram Saheb, were able to form our own government for four

times in Uttar Pradesh in the past. As a result, we were able to
improve the socio-economic condition of our people in Uttar Pradesh. We
were able to secure the constitutional rights of our people. We were
also
able to build memorials, statues and parks in the honor of our
ancestors. Ms Mayawatiji became eligible to become the Prime Minister
with her best governance. This was not tolerated by the casteist, communal and pro-capitalist rulers and as the people
stood solidly behind her they started tampering the EVMs to defeat her.
Also we could not succeed to form our government in other
states. As the result, atrocities against our people are continuing
unabatedly. Exploitation of the poor has not been ended.

Negating the Universal Adult Franchise BJP started Tampering of EVMs:  BSP’s failure to form its own
government in other states has helped the BJP to defeat it in Uttar
Pradesh. They found that BSP is strong only in UP and not in other
states and hence they thought that if they could finish BSP in UP, BSP
will die a natural death in all other states. That is how they focused
their entire strength to defeat BSP in UP. However, they could not win
through fair means. They had to resort to fraudulent way of tampering
the electronic voting machines (EVMs) to defeat BSP.

BJP and company had used the EVMs in 2014 itself to win the
General Election. BSP thought that it was the mandate against the
scams-ridden and scandals-tainted rule of Congress. But the election
results of the five states held in March 2017 have exposed the EVM
scandal of BJP. They could not win in Punjab, Uttarkhand, Goa and
Manipur. In Goa and Manipur, Congress party got lead over the BJP. But
BJP leaders have managed the other MLAs form their governments. In
Uttarkhand, it was the internal quarrel of the Congress that gave a lead
to the BJP. In Punjab, the anti-incumbency factor of Akali Dal gave the
victory to Congress. BJP, being the partner of Akali Dal, lost the
election. In all the above four states, they did not tamper with the
EVMs and the results were on the expected lines. But in Uttar Pradesh,
nobody expected that BJP would get such a huge margin of victory. The
senior bureaucrats of UP, who are usually the first to know the results
in advance, were making preparations to welcome the BSP Government. They
were utterly surprised when the results were announced. I, seeing the
trend of results late in the morning, went to the press and exposed the
EVM fraud. Later on, we also launched nation-wide struggle against the
fraud of EVMs and legal battle to get the VVPAT incorporated with EVMs.
Thus, we are confronting the BJP at every step.

When
the BJP says that even in 2019 Lok Sabha elections the same EVMs will
be used and entire EVMs replacement with VVPAT will not be possible
because of the cost of Rs 5000 crore and the paid media conducting
pre-poll and opinion polls always in favour of BJP, it will be the right
thing for BSP cadres to go for requesting the voters to vote in Ballot
papers to save Universal Adult Franchise  as guaranteed by our Modern
Constitution and save democracy. Today it is possible with the online
availability of Voters list and all the details to conduct polls with
Ballot Papers.

When Ms Mayawatiji took over the charge of party’s president post, she had faced
toughest time of her life. The old leaders such as Phulsingh Barayya and
Davuram Ratnakar betrayed the movement by playing in the hands of other
parties. But she was not disappointed. She carried ahead the movement all
alone. She always enjoyed her work. She wants the cadres must also do their work with great
joy. She askes “Do not think that success brings us joy. On the other hand it is
the joy that brings us succes. We must carry our struggles with great
celebration and bliss. The present situation may look very critical and
depressing. But we can convert this situation to our advantage by our
determination and hard work. We should never think
that ‘why should I work when I would not be getting any benefit?’ We are
already reaping the benefits of struggles of our ancestors. We must now
work for the benefit of our future generations. If we fail to do our
duty, our children will be forced to become slaves in future.”

Ms Mayawatiji is Maha Mayawati Ji. She is more than a Prime Minister. She is Noble, an Arahanth directs:

You have to mobilize funds for the above programs and also for the elections on your own.

   
•    Now that we are increasing the pace of our movement in a greater
speed, we must mobilize more funds to achieve greater success. Ours is a
self-respect movement.

Self-respect movement can succeed only with
self-help. We are not taking funds from business houses and corporate
companies. Collecting money through membership is one source for us. Now
we must restart the collection of funds on my birthday every year as we
were doing earlier. With these two sources, we can manage our party
activities. If it is
okay, then you must declare your contributions now. (Office-bearers of
every state stood up and declared their respective contribution.
Tamilnadu and Karnataka office-bearers declared to contribute Rs. 25
lakh each ( Bangalore Zone (Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Kerala, Puducherry) – Nov. 26, 2017.

Zonal
Meeting of Karnataka,Tamilnadu, Puducheri and kerala BSP State Office
Bearers meeting held at BSP Head Office on 29-8-2017 resolved to
mobilise cadres for Ms Mayawati’s meet on 26th Novemenr 2017 and for the
2018 Karnataka elections. Sarva Sri Ambeth Rajan Ex MP (rajya Sabha),
National Treasurer , BSP Dr Ashok Sidharth Rajya Sabha member and Madhya
Pradesh, Karnataka, In-Charge, Gopinath ji Tamil nadu, Puducheri,
Kerala Co-Ordinator Marasandra Muniappa, National Executive Member and
Karnataka State Co-Ordinator, N Mahesh, Karnataka President, Armstrong
Tamilnadu President, S Murthu Puducheri President, and President Kerala
spoke
Kamalaban, R Muniappa, Salma Nahida, Lakshminarayan were on the stage. Ms lakshmi Gopinath organised the zonal meet.

Ambeth Rajan said when he came to Karnataka along with Dadasaheb
Manyawar Kanshiramji for the first time, Kanshramji said that one day
BSP will rule karnataka State and that day is now nearing.

Ashok Sidharth ji  rendered a very good speach akin to the one he made in the video interview he gave:
[7:51
AM, 8/29/2017] +91 97407 22317: के साथ खड़ी है| Bsp stand with dipress
classesStory By- Dalit Dastak Editor- Gajendra Jatav Report- Ashok Das
Camera man- Sonu https://www.facebook.com/dalitdastak5/
https://www.youtube.com/c/dalitdastak…www.youtube.com
[7:51 AM, 8/29/2017] +91 97407 22317: https://youtu.be/GoHhLt94JZ)



. Kerala leaders declared Rs. 10 lakhs and Puducherry leaders
declared Rs. 2 lakhs). These funds must be collected before Dec. 31 and
deposited at the Central Office in the first week of Jan. 2018. No
receipt books to be printed. If it is printed, the responsible persons
will be expelled from the party. Funds must be collected through
registers in the name of Jankalyan Diwas. Similarly, you must also
deposit the membership money with the Central Office as and when you
enroll the members.

    •    Collection of funds on the eve of
my birthday must continue in future, whether I am alive or not. It must
become a tradition for the Bahujan Samaj to collect money for running
the movement.

Are you ready to take over the challenges?

These information is sent for
more than 300 WhatsApp Groups. It does not affect the storage in any
way. However useful information could be retained and the rest deleted.

All
the information related to the Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and
Economic Emancipation Movement is simultaneously share in Facebook,
WhatsApp and thousands of Emails sent to all people who are Awakened One
with Awareness.

Today’s
Technology can store all the components
of Aircrafts/ships along with their analyses. Storage is not a problem.
So happily share the information on 26th November 2017 and for the 2018
Assembly elections to build up the Movement. When the BJP misuses the
high-tech to tamper the fraud EVMs to win elections and the media
conducting pre-poll and opinion polls, the BSP Cadres who are the best
in the world can make the best use of the high-tech even conduct
parallel polls with paper ballots by approaching the voters to vote for
the National and state parties in a free and fair manner. The result
will be in favour of BSP and the BJP will not even get 1% votes.

For
many years many people were talking on fraud EVMs. But when Ms Mayawati
talked on them it became an international issue. Like wise once Ms
Mayawati directs the Sarvajan Samaj Cadres for conduction parallel
elections with paper ballots that also will become a international issue
and favour BSP’s Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic
Emancipation Movement and save Unversal Adult Franchise guaranteed by
our Modern Constitution which has been negated by the fraud EVMs.

Please continue visiting
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org/blog_admin/wp-admin/post.php?action=edit&post=4774
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org

FOR
SARVAJAN HITAY SARVAJAN SUKHAYA
(FOR THE HAPPINESS, WELFARE AND PEACE OF ALL SOCIETIES)
Zonal
Meeting of Karnataka,Tamilnadu, Puducheri and kerala BSP State Office
Bearers meeting held at BSP Head Office on 29-8-2017 resolved to
mobilise cadres for Ms Mayawati’s meet on 26th November 2017 and for the
2018 Karnataka elections.


AND
SEMINAR ON REVERTING BACK TO BALLOT PAPERS AND TO BAN ELECTRONIC VOTING MACHINES
FROM
AUGUST
TILL
PAPER BALLOTS
ARE BACK

to find detailed originally formated

Part List of all Karnataka Assembly Constituencies

with the problems and public grievances existing in all the assemblies

and

ONLINE INTERNATIONAL MISSION
MASTER KEY FOR BSP

and
till


The Supreme Court  orders for dissolving the Central and the state

governments selected by these fraud EVMs and go for fresh polls with

paper ballots. Then the BJP will not even get 1% of the votes polled. In

Uttar Pradesh Panchayat Polls with paper ballots the BSP won majority

of the seats while it lost in 2014 Lok Sabha elections and the Assembly

elections which is nothing but a practice of untouchability requiring

punishment to the ex CJI, ex CEC, Modi and Yogi under atrocities act to

save equality, liberty and fraternity as enshrined in our Modern

Constitution.


from

INSIGHT-NET - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research & Practice University

and related NEWS through http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org in
105 languages



Google’s free service instantly translates words, phrases, and web pages between English and over 105 other languages.

using

https://translate.google.com
an
Render correct translation in your mother tongue for this google translation to attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal

Focus
on strengthening Bahujan Samaj party at Booth Level as the Movement of
Techno-Politico-Socio Transformation and Economic Emancipation Movement
of Babasaheb Dr BR Ambedkar, Dadasaheb Manyawar Kanshiramji and bahen Ms
Mayawati as started gaining momentum making the best use of the part
list and the voters list for 26th Nov 2017 and 2018 assembly election
events.


Points to awaken the people of this country to save Democracy:

Either get the complete voters list from BSP HQ

Bahujan Bhavan, No. 23 Cockburn Road,


Near Cantonment Railway Station, Bangalore -560051

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXlMHtqUwMo

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QXlMHtqUwMo
Street Music in Prague
Larry Edelman
Published on Apr 26, 2014
Scenes of street music that I recorded in Prague, Czech Republic, April 3 - 10, 2014. Another iPhone production.
Category
Music


Scenes of street music that I recorded in Prague, Czech Republic, April 3 - 10, 2014. Another iPhone production.
youtube.com

19 Classical Czech
19 Klasická čeština
2559 Út 13. března 2018 LEKCE

 Buddha Vacana
- Slova Buddhy -
Naučte se Pali online zdarma a jednoduše.

Tato
webová stránka je věnována těm, kteří chtějí lépe pochopit slova Buddhy
tím, že se učí základy jazyka Pali, ale pro ně nemají dostatek času.
Myšlenka
spočívá v tom, že pokud je jejich účelem pouze umožnit číst texty Pali a
mít poctivý pocit jejich porozumění, a to i v případě, že toto chápání
nezahrnuje všechny podrobnosti o gramatických pravidlech, nemusí
skutečně utrácet
čas se potýká s odrazujícím učením nudné gramatické teorie zahrnující takové věci jako početné deklinace a konjugace.

V
takovém případě se stačí omezit jen na to, aby se poučilo o významu
nejdůležitějších Pali slov, protože opakovaná zkušenost s čtením
poskytuje empirické a intuitální chápání nejčastějších větových
struktur.
Mohou se tak stát autodidacty, volit si čas, trvání, frekvenci, obsah a hloubku vlastního studia.

Jejich
chápání Buddhy Vacana se stane mnohem přesnější, neboť se bez námahy
učí a zapamatovávají slova a důležité vzorce, které jsou základem
Buddhovy výuky, cestami pravidelného čtení.
Jejich učení a inspirace, které z nich získají, se zvětší, protože jejich vnímavost k poselstvu Učitele se zlepší.

Odmítnutí odpovědnosti: Tato webová stránka je vytvořena autodidaktem a je určena pro autodidacty. Webmaster nesleduje žádný oficiální kurz Pali a není zde tvrzení, že zde uvedené informace jsou zcela bez chyb. Ti, kteří chtějí akademickou přesnost, mohou zvážit spojení s formálním kurzem Pali. V případě, že si čtenáři všimnou nějaké chyby, webmaster bude vděčný,
pokud o tom nahlásí prostřednictvím poštovní schránky uvedené pod
položkou “Kontakt”.

En Français:

Vyhledávání na těchto stránkách

Sutta Piṭaka -Digha Nikāya

DN 9 -
Poṭṭhapāda Sutta
{výňatek}
- Otázky Poṭṭhapādy -

Poṭṭhapāda se ptá na různé otázky, které reagují na povahu Sañny.
Poznámka: prosté texty

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/suttapitaka.html

 Sutta Piṭaka
- Košík diskurzů -
[sutta: diskurz]

Sutta Piṭaka obsahuje podstatu Buddhovy výuky týkající se Dhammy. Obsahuje více než deset tisíc suttů. To je rozděleno do pěti sbírek s názvem Nikāyas.

Dīgha Nikāya
    
[dīgha: long] Dīgha Nikāya shromažďuje 34 nejdelších diskurzů daných Buddhou. Existují různé náznaky, že mnoho z nich je pozdní doplnění původního korpusu a pochybné autenticity.
Majjhima Nikāya
    
[majjhima: medium] Majjhima Nikāya shromažďuje 152 přednášek Buddhy o střední délce, které se zabývají různými záležitostmi.
Saṃyutta Nikāya
    
[samyutta: skupina] Saṁyutta Nikāya shromažďuje sutty podle svého tématu v 56 podskupinách nazývaných saṁyuttas. Obsahuje více než tři tisíce diskurzů s proměnnou délkou, ale obecně relativně krátká.
Aṅguttara Nikāya
    
[aṅg: faktor | Uttara:
dodatečná] Aṅguttara Nikāya je rozdělena do jedenácti podskupin zvaných
nipātas, z nichž každý shromažďuje diskurzy sestávající z výčtů jednoho
dodatečného faktoru oproti předchozímu nipāta.
Obsahuje tisíce suttů, které jsou obecně krátké.
Khuddaka Nikāya
    
[Khuddha:
krátký, malý] Khuddhaka Nikāya krátké texty a je považován za složený
ze dvou stratas: Dhammapada, Udāna, Itivuttaka, Sutta Nipāta,
Theragāthā-Therīgāthā a Jātaka tvoří starověké vrstvy, zatímco jiné
knihy jsou pozdní přírůstky a jejich pravost
je spornější.

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/formulae.html

Pali vzorce

Názor,
na němž tato práce vychází, spočívá v tom, že pasáže sutt, které jsou
hlášeny jako nejčastěji opakované Buddhem ve všech čtyřech Nikájách, lze
považovat za to, co naznačuje to, co považuje za nejvhodnějšího zájmu o
jeho učení
, a současně to, co představuje s nejvyšší přesností jeho skutečná slova. Osm z nich je vysvětleno v Gaṇaka-Moggallāna Sutta (MN 107) a
popisováno jako Sekha Paṭipadā nebo Cesta za jednoho pod Tréninkem,
který prakticky vede neofyt až ke čtvrté jhāně.

Sekha Paṭipadā - Cesta pro jednoho pod tréninkem

Dvanáct vzorců, které definují krok za krokem hlavní postupy předepsané Buddhem. Má zásadní význam pro každého, kdo by chtěl úspěšně pokročit, protože
obsahuje pokyny, které umožňují meditátorovi nastavit nezbytné podmínky
pro efektivní praxi.

Jednoduchý přístup:

Dīgha Nikāya

Majjhima Nikāya

Saṃyutta Nikāya

Aṅguttara Nikāya

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/sutta/digha.html
Dīgha Nikāya

- dlouhé diskurzy -
[dīgha: dlouhá]

Dīgha Nikāya shromažďuje 34 nejdelších diskurzů, které údajně předkládá Buddha.

Poṭṭhapāda Sutta (DN 9) {excerpt} - rozšířený překlad
    
Poṭṭhapāda se ptá na různé otázky, které reagují na povahu Sañny.
MahāpaÀnāpānassati - povědomí o dechu
    
Praxe ānāpānassatiho je pro Buddhu vysoce doporučována pro všechny
užitečné účely a zde můžete zcela přesně porozumět instrukcím, které
dává.
Anussati - vzpomínky
    
Zde je standardní popis Buddhy (≈ 140 okt.), Dhamma (≈ 90 okt.) A Sangha (≈45 okt.).
Appamāṇa Cetovimutti - Neomezené osvobození mysli
    
Buddha často chválí praxi čtyř apamāṇā cetovimutti, které jsou
pokládány za to, že přinášejí ochranu před nebezpečím a že jsou cestou
vedoucí k Brahmalokovi.
Arahatta - Arahantsko
    
Jedná se o zásobní vzorec, kterým je dosažení arahantství popsáno v suttách.
Ariya Sīlakkhandha - vznešený agregát ctnosti
    
Rimiková pravidla, která je třeba dodržovat bhikkhus.
Arūpajjhānā - Formální Jhānas
    
Zde jsou skladové vzorce popisující absorpci samādhi za čtvrtou jhānu,
která jsou v pozdní liturgii Pali označována jako arūpajjhānas.
Āsavānaṃ Khayañāṇa - Znalost zničení ásav
    
Znalost zničení ásav: arahantství.
Bhojane Mattaññutā - Moderování v jídle
    
Moderování v jídle: znalost správné výživy.
Cattāro Jhānā - Čtyři jhānas
    
Čtyři jhānas: mít příjemné bydliště.
Indriyesu Guttadvāratā - Dohled u vchodu do smyslových schopností
    
Stráž na vstupu do smyslových schopností: smyslové omezení.
Jāgariyaṃ Anuyoga - Oddanost bdění
    
Oddanost bdění: den a noc.
Kammassakomhi - Jsem vlastní kámo
    
Tento vzorec vysvětluje jeden ze základních kamenů učení Buddhy: subjektivní verze zákona příčiny a následku.
Nīvaraṇānaṃ Pahāna - Odstranění překážek
    
Odstranění překážek: překonání obtížných duševních stavů.
Pabbajjā - Vycházet
    
Vyjíždění: jak se člověk rozhodne vzdát se světa.
Pubbenivāsānussatiñāṇa - Znalost vzpomínání bývalých obytných míst
    
Znalost vzpomínání bývalých obytných míst: vzpomínka na minulé životy.
Satipaṭṭhāna - přítomnost povědomí
    
Jedná se o vzorce, kterými Buddha definuje stručně, co jsou čtyři satipaṭṭhānas (≈33 okt.).
Satisampajañña - Vědomí a důkladné porozumění
    
Vědomí a důkladné pochopení: nepřetržitá praxe.
Satta saddhammā - sedm dobrých kvalit
    
Sedm základních vlastností, které musí absolvovat stážista, aby bylo úspěšné. Čtyři z těchto vlastností se objevují také mezi pěti duchovními indriyami a pěti balázemi.
Sattānaṃ Cutūpapātañāṇa - Znalost znovuzrození diktovaných bytostí
    
Znalost znovuzrození dikázavých bytostí.
Sīlasampatti - Dosažení ctnosti
    
Dosažení ctnosti: pečlivé dodržování pravidel Pātimokkhy.
Vivitta Senāsanena Bhajana - Reservovat na odlehlé obydlí
Volba správného místa a přijetí správného tělesného a duševního postoje je dalším podmínkou sine qua non úspěšné praxe.

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/patimokkha.html

Pātimokkha
- Pokyny Bhikkhu -

Toto jsou pokyny, které se musí každý bhikkhu dozvědět srdce v jazyce Pali, aby je mohl recitovat. Zde bude (snad) poskytnuta sémantická analýza jednotlivých pokynů.

Pārājika 1
    
Kdyby se někdo bhikkhu - účastnil se výcviku a živobytí bhikkhu,
aniž by se vzdálil výcviku, aniž by prohlásil svou slabost - se zapojil
do sexuálního styku, dokonce i s ženským zvířetem, je poražen a už není v
příslušnosti.
    
Pātimokkha

Pārājika 1

yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā · s · ājīva · samāpanno sikkha · a ·
paccakkhāya du · b · balya · a · āvi · katvā metunaṃ dhammaṃ
paṭiseveyya anamaso tiracchāna · gatāya · pi, pārājiko hoti a · saṁvāso.

Kdyby se někdo bhikkhu - účastnil se výcviku a živobytí bhikkhu, aniž
by se vzdálil výcviku, aniž by prohlásil svou slabost - se zapojil do
sexuálního styku, dokonce i s ženským zvířetem, je poražen a už není v
příslušnosti.

yo pana bhikkhu Měl by nějaký bhikkhu
bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā · s · ājīva · samāpanno účastnící se výcviku a živobytí bhikkhus,
sikkhaṃa · paccakkhāya, aniž by se vzdala výcviku,
du · b · balya · an · ‡ · katvā bez toho, aby prohlásil svou slabost
methunaṃ dhammaṃ paṭiseveyya se zapojit do sexuálního styku,
antamaso tiracchāna · gatāya · pi, dokonce i se samičím zvířetem,
pārājiko hoti a · saṁvāso. on je poražen a už v členství.

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Sutta Piṭaka

Saṃyutta Nikāya

- Utajované diskurzy -
[saṃyutta: skupina]

Diskuze Saṃyutty Nikāya jsou rozděleny podle
jejich téma v 56 saṁyuttách, které jsou sami seskupeny v pěti
vaggas.

Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 12.2) - slovo slovem
    
Podrobné vysvětlení paṭicca samuppāda s definicí každé z dvanácti odkazů.
Cetanā Sutta (SN 12.38) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde Buddha vysvětluje, jak cetanā, společně s rozvažováním a anusajou, působí jako základ viññāṇy.
Upādāna Sutta (SN 12.52) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tento
    
je velmi poučné poučení, které odhaluje, které psychologické
    
mechanismus, který člověku přináší chuť, a vysvětluje, jak to může být snadné
    
nahradit zdravými úvahami, aby se ho zbavili.
Puttamaṃsūpama Sutta (SN 12.63) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha nabízí čtyři impresivní a inspirativní symboly, které vysvětlují, jak by měly být považovány čtyři āhāry.
Sanidāna Sutta (SN 14.12) - vylepšený překlad
    
A
    
nádherné vysvětlení toho, jak se vnímání změní v jednání
    
osvícený podobností hořícího hořáku. Zůstaňte pečlivě
    
vědomě rozptýlit nepřátelské myšlenky!
Āṇi Sutta (SN 20.7) - slovo slovem
    
A
    
velmi důležitá věc nám připomíná Buddha: pro naše vlastní
    
prospěch i pro přínos generací, které přicházejí, my
    
musí věnovat nejdůležitější svému vlastnímu slovu, a ne tolik
    
kdokoli jiný předstírá v dnešní době, nebo předstíral v minulosti, že je
    
správný (Dhamma) učitel.
Samādhi Sutta (SN 22.5) - slovo slovem
    
The
    
Buddha nabádá své následovníky, aby se soustředili, aby mohli
    
praktický pohled na vznik a propadnutí pěti
    
agregáty, po kterém definuje to, co myslí tím, že se objeví a projde
    
agregátů, pokud jde o závislý původ.
Paṭisallāṇa Sutta (SN 22.6) - bez překladu
    
The
    
Buddha povzbuzuje své následovníky k tomu, aby se uklidnili, aby mohli
    
praktický pohled na vznik a propadnutí pěti
    
agregáty, po kterém definuje to, co myslí tím, že se objeví a projde
    
agregátů, pokud jde o závislý původ.
Upādāparitassanā Sutta (SN 22.8) - slovo slovem
    
Vznik a ukončení utrpení se uskutečňuje v pěti agregátech.
Nandikkhaya Sutta (SN 22.51) - slovo slovem
    
Jak ovládat zničení potěšení.
Anattalakkhana Sutta (SN 22.59) - slovo slovem
    
V této slavné suttě Buddha poprvé vysvětluje své učení o anatě.
Khajjanīya Sutta (SN 22.79) {excerpt} - slovo slovem
    
Tato sutta poskytuje stručnou definici pěti khandhů.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 29.1) - vylepšený překlad
    
Různé typy nāgas.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 30.1) - vylepšený překlad
    
Různé typy supaṇů (aka garudas).
Suddhika Sutta (SN 31.1) - vylepšený překlad
    
Různé typy gandhabby devas.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 32.1) - vylepšený překlad
    
Různé typy cloud devas.
Samāpattimūlakaṭhiti Sutta (SN 34.11) - vylepšený překlad
    
Dosažení koncentrace vs udržování koncentrace.
Pubbesambodha Sutta (SN 35.13) - slovo slovem
    
The
    
Buddha definuje to, co myslí tím, že má podnět, nevýhodu a emancipaci
    
případ vnitřních smyslů a pak prohlašuje, že jeho
    
probuzení nebylo nic víc, ani méně než pochopení.
Abhinanda Sutta (SN 35.20) - slovo slovem
    
Neexistuje útěk pro každého, kdo se těší na smyslové objekty.
Migajāla Sutta (SN 35.46) - vylepšený překlad
    
Proč
    
je pravá samota tak těžké najít? Buddha vysvětluje proč, bez ohledu na to
    
kam jdete, vaše nejvíce otravné společníci se vždy označují.
Avijjāpahāna Sutta (SN 35.53) - slovo slovem
    
Velmi prostý diskurz, ale přesto velmi hluboký, o tom, co vědět a vidět opustit nevědomost a vytvářet znalosti.
Sabbupādānapariññā Sutta (SN 35.60) - slovo slovem
    
The
    
Buddha, zatímco vysvětluje úplné pochopení veškeré připoutanosti,
    
dává hluboké a přesto velmi jasné vysvětlení: kontakt vychází z toho důvodu
    
tří jevů.
Migajāla Sutta Sutta (SN 35.64) {excerpt} - slovo slovem
    
Nějaký
    
neofyty (a my se často můžeme spočítat mezi nimi) někdy chtějí
    
věřit, že je možné potěšit smyslné potěšení bez
    
což způsobuje uvěznění a utrpení. Buddha učí Migajālu
    
že je to zcela nemožné.
Adantāgutta Sutta (SN 35.94) - slovo slovem
    
Tady
    
je jedním z těch rad, které jsou tak snadno pochopitelné
    
intelekt, přesto tak těžké pochopit na hlubších úrovních, protože naše
    
špatné pohledy neustále zasahují do procesu. Proto musíme
    
opakujte to často, i když se to může zdát nudné.

Sutta Piṭaka

Saṃyutta Nikāya

- Utajované diskurzy -
[saṃyutta: skupina]

Rozpravy o Saṃyutta Ni

Pamādavihārī Sutta (SN 35.97) - slovo slovem
    
Co dělá rozdíl mezi tím, kdo žije s nedbalostí a člověkem, který žije s bdělostí.
Sakkapañhā Sutta Sutta (SN 35.118) - slovo po slovu
    
Buddha dává poněkud jednoduchou odpověď na otázku Sakky: jaký je
důvod, proč někteří lidé dosahují konečného cíle, zatímco jiní ne?
Rūpārāma Sutta (SN 35.137) - slovo po slovu
    
Buddha opět pro nás vysvětluje, ještě jiným způsobem, příčinu a zastavení utrpení. Děje se přímo uprostřed toho, co děláme celý den a celou noc.
Aniccanibbānasappāya Sutta (SN 35.147) - slovo slovem
    
Zde jsou hardcore vipassanā instrukce zabývající se vnímáním
nestálosti pro pokročilé meditující, kteří se těší na dosažení Nibbāny.
Ajjhattānattahetu Sutta (SN 35.142) - slovo slovem
    
Jak zkoumání příčin vzniku smyslových orgánů, ve kterých může být
charakteristika samého sebe srozumitelnější, umožňuje přenést toto
porozumění na svůj případ.
Samudda Sutta (SN 35.229) - vylepšený překlad
    
Co oceán v disciplíně ušlechtilých je. Dejte si pozor, abyste se v ní nepadli!
Pahāna Sutta (SN 36.3) - vylepšený překlad
    
Vztah mezi třemi druhy vedan a třemi anusayas.
Daṭṭhabba Sutta (SN 36.5) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jak by měly být viděny tři typy vedan (pocity).
Salla Sutta (SN 36.6) - vylepšený překlad
    
Když
je střílel šípem fyzické bolesti, nerozumný člověk dělá věci horší tím,
že se na něj vrhne duševní úzkost, jako by byl zastřelen dvěma šípy.
Moudrý člověk cítí jen jednu šípku.
Anicca Sutta (SN 36.9) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm charakteristik vedan (pocitů), které jsou použitelné i pro
ostatní čtyři khandy (SN 22.21) a každé z dvanácti vazeb paṭicca ·
samuppāda (SN 12.20).
Phassamūlaka Sutta (SN 36.10) - slovo slovem
    
Tyto tři typy pocitů jsou zakořeněny ve třech typech kontaktů.
Aṭṭhasata Sutta (SN 36.22) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha vysvětluje vedanům sedm různých způsobů, které je analyzují na
dvě, tři, pět, šest, osmnáct, třicet šest nebo sto osm kategorií.
Nirāmisa Sutta (SN 36.31) {excerpt} - slovo slovem
    
Zde můžeme pochopit, že pīti, byť často označován jako bojjhaṅga, může být někdy i akusala. Tato pasáž obsahuje také definici pěti kāmaguṇů.
Dhammavādīpañhā Sutta (SN 38.3) - vylepšený překlad
    
Kdo vyznává Dhammu ve světě (dhamma · vādī)? Kdo pracuje dobře (su · p · paṭipanna)? Kdo je dobře (su · gata)?
Dukkara Sutta (SN 39.16) - vylepšený překlad
    
Co je těžké dělat v tomto učení a disciplíně?
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 45.8) - slovo slovem
    
Zde Buddha definuje přesně každý faktor osmnásobné ušlechtilé cesty.
Āgantuka Sutta (SN 45.159) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jak funguje šlechtická cesta s abhiññou, která se týká různých dhammatů jako penzionu, který vítal různé druhy návštěvníků.
Kusala Sutta (SN 46.32) - slovo slovem
    
Všechno, co je výhodné, se spojuje v jedné věci.
Āhāra Sutta (SN 46.51) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha popisuje, jak můžeme buď “napravit”, nebo “hladovat” překážky a
faktory osvícení podle toho, jak si uplatňujeme naši pozornost.
Saṅgārava Sutta (SN 46.55) {excerpt} - vylepšený překlad
    
Krásná série symbolů vysvětluje, jak pět nīvaraṇů (překážek) ovlivňuje
čistotu mysli a její schopnost vnímat skutečnost tak, jaká je.
Sati Sutta (SN 47.35) - slovo slovem
    
V této suttě Buddha připomíná, že bhikkhus je satos a sampajānos a pak definuje tyto dva pojmy.
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 47.40) - slovo po slovu
    
Satipaṭṭhānas učil krátce.
Daṭṭhabba Sutta (SN 48.8) - vylepšený překlad
    
Každá z pěti duchovních indriy se říká, že je vidět ve čtyřnásobné dhamme.
Saṃkhitta Sutta (SN 48.14) - vylepšený překlad
    
Splnění je všechno, co musíme udělat, a to je míra našeho osvobození.
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 48.38) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde Buddha definuje pět citlivých indriy.
Uppaṭipāṭika Sutta (SN 48.40) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tato sutta přitahuje zajímavou paralelu mezi zastavením pocitových schopností a následným dosažením jhānas.
Sāketa Sutta (SN 48.43) {excerpt} - vylepšený překlad
    
V tomto suttě Buddha uvádí, že balá a indriyas lze považovat za jednu a tutéž věc nebo za dvě odlišné věci.
Patiṭṭhita Sutta (SN 48.56) - vylepšený překlad
    
Existuje jeden duševní stav, díky němuž jsou všechny pět duchovních schopností zdokonalené.
Bīja Sutta (SN 49.24) - vylepšený překlad
    
Krásná podoba, která ilustruje, jak je základní ctnost pro praxi čtyř pravých střetů.Gantha Sutta (SN 50.102) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tento
    
sutta je založena na zajímavém seznamu čtyř “tělesných uzlů” a
    
podporuje rozvoj pěti duchovních sil.
Viraddha Sutta (SN 51.2) - vylepšený překlad
    
Ten, kdo zanedbává, zanedbává vznešenou cestu.
Chandasamādhi Sutta (SN 51.13) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tato sutta jasně vysvětluje význam formulací popisujících praxi iddhi · pādas.
Samaṇabrāhmaṇa Sutta (SN 51.17) - vylepšený překlad
    
Wether
    
v minulosti, v budoucnosti nebo v současnosti, kdo má nadpřirozené
    
mocnosti rozvinula a důsledně praktikovala čtyři věci.
Vidhā Sutta (SN 53.36) - vylepšený překlad
    
The
    
jhānům se doporučuje zbavit se tří typů domýšlivosti, které
    
souvisí s porovnáváním se s ostatními. Je zřejmé, že pokud
    
v Sangha je nějaká hierarchie, je to jen pro praktické účely,
    
a nemělo by být považováno za reprezentující žádnou skutečnost. to je
    
není zcela jasné, zda je to jedno sutta opakující se 16krát stejné
    
věc, nebo 16 suttů seskupených dohromady nebo 4 sutty obsahující každé 4
    
opakování.
Padīpopama Sutta (SN 54.8) - slovo slovem
    
Tady
    
Buddha vysvětluje ānāpānassati a doporučuje to pro různé
    
účelů: z opuštění hrubých nečistot, a to prostřednictvím rozvoje všech
    
osm jhānas.
Saraṇānisakka Sutta (SN 55.24) - vylepšený překlad
    
v
    
tento zajímavý diskurz, Buddha uvádí, že člověk ani ne
    
museli získat silnou důvěru v Budhu, Dhammu a Sanghu
    
aby se v době smrti stal vítězem proudů.
Mahānāma Sutta (SN 55.37) - vylepšený překlad
    
Co znamená být laickým laickým žákem, obdařeným ctností, přesvědčením, velkorysostí a rozlišovací schopností.
Aṅga Sutta (SN 55.50) - slovo slovem
    
Čtyři sotāpattiyaṅgas (faktory pro proud-vstup).
Samādhi Sutta (SN 56.1) - slovo po slovu
    
Buddha povzbuzuje bhikkhu k procvičování samādhi, protože vede k pochopení čtyř vznešených pravd v jejich pravé podstatě.
Paṭisallāna Sutta (SN 56.2) - slovo slovem
    
The
    
Buddha nabáda bhikkhu, aby praktikoval paṭisallānu, protože to vede k
    
pochopení čtyř vznešených pravd v jejich pravé podstatě.
Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta (SN 56.11) - slovo slovem
    
To je jistě nejslavnější sutta v literatuře Pali. Buddha poprvé vysvětluje čtyři ariya-saccas.
Saṅkāsanā Sutta (SN 56.19) - vylepšený překlad
    
The
    
učení čtyř šlechtických pravd, nicméně nudné se může zdát
    
bláznivá mysl, je ve skutečnosti velmi hluboká a mysl by mohla utrácet celý
    
čas vyšetřování.
Siṁsapāvana Sutta (SN 56.31) - slovo slovem
    
The
    
sutta, kde Buddha uvádí, že nemá žádný zájem
    
učení, které nejsou okamžitě spojeny s dosažením cíle.
Daṇḍa Sutta (SN 56.33) - vylepšený překlad
    
Vyjádřená podoba tyče.

—— oooOooo ——

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/sutta/anguttara.html
 
Sutta Piṭaka

Aṅguttara Nikāya

- Diskurzy jednoho dalšího faktoru -
[aṅg: faktor | uttara: další]

Aṅguttara Nikāya obsahuje tisíce
krátkých diskurzů, které mají zvláštní strukturu
výčty. Je rozdělen na jedenáct úseků, z nichž první se zabývá
výčty jedné položky, druhé s položkami dvou položek apod
Buddha, který nikdy nepoužil psaní, se zeptal svých posluchačů
pozorný a zapamatovat si jeho pokyny. Abych mohl dělat jeho slova
co nejjasnější a pro usnadnění tohoto zapamatování, často
představil své učení ve formě výčtů.

Nipātas

1. Ekaka Nipāta 7. Sattaka Nipāta
2. Duka Nipāta 8. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta
3. Tika Nipāta 9. Navaka Nipāta
4. Catuka Nipāta 10. Dasaka Nipāta
5. Pańcaka Nipāta 11. Ekādasaka Nipāta
6. Chakka Nipāta

—— oooOooo ——1. Ekaka Nipāta

Rūpādi Vagga (AN 1.1-10) - slovo po slovu
    
Existuje pět typů smyslových objektů, které překonávají mysli (většiny) lidských bytostí více než kterékoli jiné.
Nīvaraṇappahāna Vagga (AN 1.11-20) - slovo slovem
    
Pět dhammů, které nejúčinněji podněcují pět překážek a pět nejúčinnějších způsobů, jak je rozptýlit.
Akammaniya Vagga (AN 1.21-30) - slovo slovem
    
Mysl může být náš nejhorší nepřítel nebo náš nejlepší přítel.
Adanta Vagga (AN 1.31-40) - vylepšený překlad
    
Mysl může být náš nejhorší nepřítel nebo náš nejlepší přítel.
Udakarahaka Suttas (AN 1.45 a 46) - vylepšený překlad
    
Rozdíl mezi jasnou a blátivou myslí.
Mudu Sutta (AN 1.47) - vylepšený překlad
    
Podobná myšlenka, která je falešná.
Lahuparivatta Sutta (AN 1.48) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha, normálně tak zběhlý při hledání podobností, je zde ztracen.
Accharāsaṅghāta Peyyāla (AN 1.53-55) - slovo slovem
    
Cvičení dobré vůle činí hoden dárků.
Kusala Suttas (AN 1.56-73) - slovo slovem
    
Co produkuje a co odstraňuje zdravé a nevhodné duševní stavy.
Pamāda Suttas (AN 1.58-59) - rozšířený překlad
    
Nic není tak nevýhodné jako toto.
Pamādādi Vagga (AN 1.81-97) - slovo slovem
    
Buddha opakovaně nás varuje před nepoctivostí.
Kāyagatāsati Vagga (AN 1.563-574) {excerpts} - rozšířený překlad
    
Buddha hovoří ve vysoké chvále o vnímavosti zaměřené na tělo.

—— oooOooo ——

2. Duka Nipāta

Appaṭivāna Sutta (AN 2.5) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jak bychom se měli vycvičit, pokud chceme dosáhnout probuzení.
Cariya Sutta (AN 2.9) - vylepšený překlad
    
Co je to konec, co zaručuje harmonii, zdvořilost,
    
poctivost, bratrství ve slově míru v dané společnosti? Buddha
    
vysvětluje zde, které jsou dva strážci světa.
Ekaṃsena Sutta (AN 2.18) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde je jedna věc, kterou Buddha kategoricky prohlašuje.
Vijjābhāgiya Sutta (AN 2.32) - slovo slovem
    
Zde Buddha souvisí Samathu s rāgy a cetovimutti a Vipassanā s avijjā a paññāvimutti.

—— oooOooo ——

3. Tika Nipāta

Kesamutti [aka Kālāmā] Sutta (AN 3.66) - slovo slovem
    
v
    
tato sutta, Buddha nám připomíná nakonec důvěřovat jen našemu
    
vlastní přímé zkušenosti s realitou, ne to, co deklarují ostatní,
    
i když se stanou našimi “ctěnými učiteli”.
Sāḷha Sutta (AN 3.67) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde se zde vyskytují rady, které jsou velmi podobné těm, které byly dány Kalamasům.
Aññatitthiya Sutta (AN 3.69) - vylepšený překlad
    
The
    
tři kořeny nezdravé jsou vysvětleny s jejich úctou
    
charakteristika, příčina jejich vzniku a způsob, jak to přinést
    
jejich zastavení.
Uposatha Sutta (AN 3.71) - vylepšený překlad
    
V této suttě definuje Buddha, jak by laici měli praktikovat Uposatu a popisovat různé druhy devů.
Sīlabbata Sutta (AN 3.79) - vylepšený překlad
    
Ānanda vysvětluje, které velmi jednoduché rituály a rituály mohou být považovány za prospěšné nebo ne.
Samaṇa Sutta (AN 3.82) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde jsou tři asketické úkoly asketiky.
Vajjiputta Sutta (AN 3.85) - vylepšený překlad
    
A
    
určitý mnich nemůže trénovat s tolika pravidly. Buddha ho vysvětluje
    
jak to může bez nich udělat, a funguje spíše dobře.
Sikkhattaya Sutta (AN 3.90) - slovo slovem
    
Buddha definuje tři tréninky, tj. Adhisīlasikkhā, adhicittasikkhā a adhipānāsikkhā.
Accāyika Sutta (AN 3.93) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tři naléhavé úkoly asketiky, které jsou jako tři naléhavé úkoly farmáře.
Sikkhattaya Sutta (AN 3.91) - slovo slovem
    
Zde Buddha dává alternativní definici adhipaññāsikkhā.
Paṃsudhovaka Sutta (AN 3.102) - několik informací · bubliny
    
v
    
tato sutta, Buddha porovnává odstranění duševních nečistot
    
přes praxi k práci zlatníka. To je zvláště
    
zajímavé, protože poskytuje postupnou expozici nečistot
    
při praxi se musí vypořádat, což je užitečné
    
odkaz.
Nimitta Sutta (AN 3.103) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Dělat
    
zjistíte, že jste během vašeho přikládání nebo jste se příliš rozrušili
    
meditační praxe? To je velmi užitečný diskurs pro meditující
    
kteří chtějí vyvážit dvě odpovídající duchovní schopnosti úsilí
    
a soustředění spolu s rovnoměrností. Mnozí z nás by měli prospěch
    
v podstatě řádně používat tyto pokyny.
Ruṇṇa Sutta (AN 3.108) - slovo slovem
    
Tady
    
Buddha vysvětluje, co zpívá a tančí v disciplíně
    
vznešené, a pak dává jeho instrunction ohledně smíchu a
    
usmívající se.
Atitti Sutta (AN 3.109) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tři špatné věci, z nichž mnohé jsou bohužel láskyplné, které nikdy nemohou způsobit sytost.Nidāna Sutta (AN 3.112) - vylepšený překlad
    
Šest příčin, tři zdravé a tři nezdravé, ke vzniku kammy.
Kammapatha Sutta (AN 3.164) - slovo po slovu
    
Zde je prokázáno, že názor, podle kterého není nic špatného být nevegetariánským, je chybný.

—— oooOooo ——

4. Catukka Nipāta

Yoga Sutta (AN 4.10) - vylepšený překlad
    
Co znamená Buddha, když mluví o józe a yogakkhema (zbytek z jho).
Padhāna Sutta (AN 4.13) - slovo slovem
    
V této suttě vydává Buddha definici sammappadhānas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 4.37) - vylepšený překlad
    
Čtyři jednoduché praktiky, které znemožňují člověku spadnout, a to právě za přítomnosti Nibbāny.
Samādhibhāvanā Sutta (AN 4.41) - slovo po slovu
    
The
    
čtyři typy soustředění, které Buddha chválí. Je to docela
    
že zde není jasné rozlišení mezi samādhi a
    
paññā.
Vipallāsa Sutta (AN 4.49) - slovo slovem
    
V této suttě popisuje Buddha čtyřnásobné zkreslení saññā, citta a diṭṭhi.
Appamāda Sutta (AN 4.116) - jednoduchý překlad
    
Čtyři případy, kdy by člověk měl pracovat opatrně.
Ārakkha Sutta (AN 4.117) - jednoduchý překlad
    
Čtyři věci je třeba provést s důvěrou, opatrností při ochraně mysli.
Mettā Sutta (AN 4.125) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tady
    
Buddha vysvětluje, jaký druh znovuzrození člověk, který důkladně praktikuje
    
čtyři Brahmavihāry mohou očekávat a velkou výhodou být jeho
    
žák.
Asubha Sutta (AN 4.163) - vylepšený překlad
    
The
    
čtyři způsoby cvičení podle typu zvolené praxe a
    
intenzita nebo slabost sil a duchovních skutečností.
Abhiññā Sutta (AN 4.254) - bez překladu
    
Jak funguje šlechtická cesta s abhiññou, která se týká různých dhammatů jako penzionu, který vítal různé druhy návštěvníků.
Arañña Sutta (AN 4.262) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jaká osoba je způsobilá žít v divočině?

—— oooOooo ——

5. Pañcaka Nipāta

Vitthata Sutta (AN 5.2) - bez překladu
    
Zde Buddha podrobně definuje to, co nazývá pět
    
Sekha-balas (síly jednoho v tréninku). Tato sutta je snadná
    
pochopitelná bez nutnosti paralelního překladu
    
Satta saddhammā Formule, jak bude navrženo v textu. Pali-anglický slovník je k dispozici také pro případ.
Vitthata Sutta (AN 5.14) - slovo slovem
    
Zde jsou definovány pět balázek.
Samādhi Sutta (AN 5.27) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět povznášejících znalostí, které se vyskytují u člověka, který praktikuje nekonečnou koncentraci.
Akusalarāsi Sutta (AN 5.52) - vylepšený překlad
    
Správně řečeno, co by mělo být nazýváno “hromadění nedobrovolnosti”?
Abhiṇhapaccavekkhitabbaṭhāna Sutta (AN 5.57) {excerpt} - slovo slovem
    
Jak uvažovat o vlastní kammě.
Anāgatabhaya Sutta (AN 5.80) - vylepšený překlad
    
The
    
Buddha připomíná mnichům, že praxe Dhammy by neměla být dána
    
pro pozdější datum, protože neexistují žádné záruky, že budoucnost bude
    
poskytují jakékoli příležitosti k praxi.
Sekha Sutta (AN 5.89) - bez překladu
    
The
    
Buddha nám připomíná pět věcí, které zhoršují praxi, což
    
pro každého, kdo chce pokročit v tréninku, je téměř stejně důležitý
    
poznat, pamatovat a integrovat do našeho životního stylu jako
    
znalost pěti standardních nīvaraṇů.
Sekha Sutta (AN 5.90) ​​- vylepšený překlad
    
Pět postojů, které vedou ke zhoršení praxe.
Sutadhara Sutta (AN 5.96) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět vlastností vedoucí člověk cvičí vnímavost dýchání k osvobození v dlouhém čase.
Kathā Sutta (AN 5.97) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět vlastností vedoucí člověk cvičí vnímavost dýchání k osvobození v dlouhém čase.
Āraññaka Sutta (AN 5.98) - rozšířený překlad
    
Pět vlastností vedoucí člověk cvičí vnímavost dýchání k osvobození v dlouhém čase.
Andhakavinda Sutta (AN 5.114) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět věcí, které Buddha vyslovil svým nově vysvěceným mnichům.
Samayavimutta Sutta (AN 5.149) - bez překladu
    
Pět podmínek, za kterých člověk, který získal “příležitostné osvobození”, se zpomalí.
Samayavimutta Sutta (AN 5.150) - bez překladu
    
Další soubor pěti podmínek, za kterých člověk, který získal “příležitostné osvobození”, se zpomalí.
Vaṇijjā Sutta (AN 5.177) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha zde specifikuje pět obchodů, které by neměli být vykonáváni svými laickými stoupenci, mezi kterými je obchod s masem.
Gihī Sutta (AN 5.179) - vylepšený překlad
    
v
    
tato sutta, Buddha dává větší přesnost o způsobu, jakým
    
čtyři obvyklé sotāpattiyaṅgas musí být internalizovány za účelem
    
představují vhodné podmínky pro sotāpatti.
Nissāraṇīya Sutta (AN 5.200) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tato sutta odmítá pět druhů nissāraṇů.

Yāgu Sutta (AN 5.207) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha dává pět výhod stravování rýže-kaše.
Dantakaṭṭha ​​Sutta (AN 5.208) - rozšířený překlad
    
Buddha dává pět důvodů, proč používá zubní čistič.
Gītassara Sutta (AN 5.209) - slovo slovem
    
Tento
    
sutta byla převážně přehlížena různými buddhistickými tradicemi:
    
Buddha vysvětluje, proč neumožňuje bhikkům vykonávat žádné
    
melodické zpívání.
Muṭṭhassati Sutta (AN 5.210) - vylepšený překlad
    
Nevýhody usínání bez správné sati a sampajañña a příslušné výhody, které s nimi dělají.
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.241) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět nebezpečí duccarity (špatné chování) a pět výhod sucarity (dobré chování).
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.245) - vylepšený překlad
    
Další sutta o pěti nebezpečích duccarity a pěti výhodách sukarity.
Sivathika Sutta (AN 5.249) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět způsobů, kterými může být špatně řízená osoba podobná spánkové půdě, kde lidé vrhají mrtvé tělo.
Puggalappasāda Sutta (AN 5.250) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde je vzácné varování, které dal Buddha o nebezpečí uvědomění každého.
Rāgassa abhiññāya Sutta (AN 5.303) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět věcí, které mají být vykonávány pro přímou znalost rāgy.

—— oooOooo ——

6. Chakka Nipāta

Bhaddaka Sutta (AN 6.14) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Sāriputta
    
vysvětluje, co dělá rozdíl mezi bhikkhu, jehož smrt bude
    
být neúspěšný a ten, jehož smrt bude příznivá.
Anutappiya Sutta (AN 6.15) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Sāriputta
    
vysvětluje, co dělá rozdíl mezi bhikkhu, jehož smrt bude
    
být upřímný a člověk, jehož smrt bude bezcitná.
Maraṇassati Sutta (AN 6.20) - rozšířený překlad
    
Tato sutta podrobně vysvětluje, jak praktikovat uvědomění si smrti.
Sāmaka Sutta (AN 6.21) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Požadováno
    
intervencí deva, Buddha odhaluje šest věkových způsobů
    
kterým se bhikkhus zhoršuje v kusala dhammas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 6.22) - několik info · bubliny
    
Šest dhammatů spojených s nezhoršením. Další soubor velmi užitečných dhammatů pro zájemce.
Himavanta Sutta (AN 6.24) - vylepšený překlad
    
Šest vlastností, které se objevily, s nimiž by meditátor údajně rozdělil Himaláje.
Anussatiṭṭhāna Sutta (AN 6.25) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tato sutta definuje, jaké jsou šest předmětů vzpomínání.
Sekha Sutta (AN 6.31) - bez překladu
    
Buddha vysvětluje, jaké jsou šest dhammas vedoucí ke zhoršení bhikkhu pod tréninkem.
Nāgita Sutta (AN 6.42) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zatímco
    
bydlení v lesní háji, Buddha hovoří ve chvále skromnosti,
    
spokojenost, unentanglement a odloučení v divočině.
Dhammika Sutta (AN 6.54) - prosté texty
    
v
    
tato sutta, slovo tathāgata se nepoužívá k označení Buddhy, ale
    
v běžném smyslu, což nám umožňuje lépe pochopit jeho význam.
Nibbedhika Sutta (AN 6.63) - prosté texty
    
Tento
    
sutta poskytuje zajímavou systematickou analýzu Kāmy, Vedan,
    
Saññā, Āsavā, Kamma a Dukkha. Každý z těchto výrazů je definován a pak
    
popsanou se vzorem čtyř ariya-saccas.
Anavatthitā Sutta (AN 6.102) - rozšířený překlad
    
Šest odměn, které by měly působit jako motivace pro stanovení vnímání anicky.
Atammaya Sutta (AN 6.104) - vylepšený překlad
    
Šest odměn, které by měly působit jako motivace pro stanovení vnímání anatty.
Assāda Sutta (AN 6.112) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jak vymýtit pohled na radost, pohled na sebe a špatný pohled obecně.
Dhammānupassī Sutta (AN 6.118) - slovo slovem
    
To
    
stojí za to opakovat poselství dané v této sutě: šest návyků
    
bez opuštění, což není možné praktikovat
    
satipaṭṭhānas správně. Určitě může být vhodné čištění.

—— oooOooo ——

Yāgu Sutta (AN 5.207) - vylepšený překlad
    
Buddha dává pět výhod stravování rýže-kaše.
Dantakaṭṭha ​​Sutta (AN 5.208) - rozšířený překlad
    
Buddha dává pět důvodů, proč používá zubní čistič.
Gītassara Sutta (AN 5.209) - slovo slovem
    
Tento
    
sutta byla převážně přehlížena různými buddhistickými tradicemi:
    
Buddha vysvětluje, proč neumožňuje bhikkům vykonávat žádné
    
melodické zpívání.
Muṭṭhassati Sutta (AN 5.210) - vylepšený překlad
    
Nevýhody usínání bez správné sati a sampajañña a příslušné výhody, které s nimi dělají.
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.241) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět nebezpečí duccarity (špatné chování) a pět výhod sucarity (dobré chování).
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.245) - vylepšený překlad
    
Další sutta o pěti nebezpečích duccarity a pěti výhodách sukarity.Sivathika Sutta (AN 5.249) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět způsobů, kterými může být špatně řízená osoba podobná spánkové půdě, kde lidé vrhají mrtvé tělo.
Puggalappasāda Sutta (AN 5.250) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde je vzácné varování, které dal Buddha o nebezpečí uvědomění každého.
Rāgassa abhiññāya Sutta (AN 5.303) - vylepšený překlad
    
Pět věcí, které mají být vykonávány pro přímou znalost rāgy.

—— oooOooo ——

6. Chakka Nipāta

Bhaddaka Sutta (AN 6.14) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Sāriputta
    
vysvětluje, co dělá rozdíl mezi bhikkhu, jehož smrt bude
    
být neúspěšný a ten, jehož smrt bude příznivá.
Anutappiya Sutta (AN 6.15) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Sāriputta
    
vysvětluje, co dělá rozdíl mezi bhikkhu, jehož smrt bude
    
být upřímný a člověk, jehož smrt bude bezcitná.
Maraṇassati Sutta (AN 6.20) - rozšířený překlad
    
Tato sutta podrobně vysvětluje, jak praktikovat uvědomění si smrti.
Sāmaka Sutta (AN 6.21) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Požadováno
    
intervencí deva, Buddha odhaluje šest věkových způsobů
    
kterým se bhikkhus zhoršuje v kusala dhammas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 6.22) - několik info · bubliny
    
Šest dhammatů spojených s nezhoršením. Další soubor velmi užitečných dhammatů pro zájemce.
Himavanta Sutta (AN 6.24) - vylepšený překlad
    
Šest vlastností, které se objevily, s nimiž by meditátor údajně rozdělil Himaláje.
Anussatiṭṭhāna Sutta (AN 6.25) - vylepšený překlad
    
Tato sutta definuje, jaké jsou šest předmětů vzpomínání.
Sekha Sutta (AN 6.31) - bez překladu
    
Buddha vysvětluje, jaké jsou šest dhammas vedoucí ke zhoršení bhikkhu pod tréninkem.
Nāgita Sutta (AN 6.42) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zatímco
    
bydlení v lesní háji, Buddha hovoří ve chvále skromnosti,
    
spokojenost, unentanglement a odloučení v divočině.
Dhammika Sutta (AN 6.54) - prosté texty
    
v
    
tato sutta, slovo tathāgata se nepoužívá k označení Buddhy, ale
    
v běžném smyslu, což nám umožňuje lépe pochopit jeho význam.
Nibbedhika Sutta (AN 6.63) - prosté texty
    
Tento
    
sutta poskytuje zajímavou systematickou analýzu Kāmy, Vedan,
    
Saññā, Āsavā, Kamma a Dukkha. Každý z těchto výrazů je definován a pak
    
popsanou se vzorem čtyř ariya-saccas.
Anavatthitā Sutta (AN 6.102) - rozšířený překlad
    
Šest odměn, které by měly působit jako motivace pro stanovení vnímání anicky.
Atammaya Sutta (AN 6.104) - vylepšený překlad
    
Šest odměn, které by měly působit jako motivace pro stanovení vnímání anatty.
Assāda Sutta (AN 6.112) - vylepšený překlad
    
Jak vymýtit pohled na radost, pohled na sebe a špatný pohled obecně.
Dhammānupassī Sutta (AN 6.118) - slovo slovem
    
To
    
stojí za to opakovat poselství dané v této sutě: šest návyků
    
bez opuštění, což není možné praktikovat
    
satipaṭṭhānas správně. Určitě může být vhodné čištění.

—— oooOooo ——
7. Sattaka Nipāta

Anusaya Sutta (AN 7.11) - prosté texty
    
Zde jsou uvedeny sedm anusayas.
Anusaya Sutta (AN 7.12) - vylepšený překlad
    
Po opuštění sedmi anusaje (posedlosti nebo latentní tendence).
Saññā Sutta (AN 7.27) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm vnímání, které vedou k dlouhodobému blahobytu bhikků a zabraňují jejich úpadku.
Parihāni Sutta (AN 7.28) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm bodů, na kterých může bhikkhu v tréninku klesnout nebo ne.
Parihāni Sutta (AN 7.29) - rozšířený překlad
    
Sedm bodů chování, na kterých může laik následovat nebo ne.
Vipatti Sutta (AN 7.30) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm bodů chování, na kterých může laik následovat svou neúspěch nebo úspěch.
Parābhava Sutta (AN 7.31) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm bodů chování, na nichž může laik následovat svou zkázu nebo prosperitu.
Saññā Sutta (AN 7.49) - vylepšený překlad
    
Sedm vnitřních úvah, které stojí za to.
Nagaropama Sutta (AN 7.67) - prosté texty s Pali formulemi
    
Zde Buddha používá poučné podobenství, aby vysvětlil, jak sedm
    
dobré vlastnosti, které by měl být pro stážisty zvládnut
    
úspěšnou společnou práci, aby se předešlo vojákům Māry (tj
    
dhammas) od vstupu do pevnosti mysli.
Satthusāsana Sutta (AN 7.83) - slovo slovem
    
Zde je velmi stručná sedmnásobná instrukce diskriminovat to, co je Vyučování Buddhy z toho, co není.

—— oooOooo ——8. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta

Nanda Sutta (AN 8.9) {excerpt} - slovo po slovu
    
Buddha popisuje, jak je Nanda, ačkoli je drahá k divokému
    
smyslové touhy, praktikuje v souladu s jeho pokyny.
    
Tato sutta obsahuje definici satisampajañña.
Mahānāma Sutta (AN 8.25) {excerpt} - slovo slovem
    
Mahānāma žádá Buddhu, aby definoval, co je laik následovník a v čem se očekává, že laik bude čestný.
Anuruddhamahāvitakka Sutta (AN 8.30) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Sedm
    
moudré myšlenky, které opravdu stojí za pochopení a pamatování
    
k ven. Anuruddha. Buddha přijde k němu, aby ho učil osmému,
    
s nímž dosáhne arahantství. Buddha pak vysvětluje
    
podrobněji o významu těchto myšlenek.
Abhisanda Sutta (AN 8.39) - vylepšený překlad
    
Zde je osm způsobů, jakými si všichni vážní učedníci Buddhy vytvářejí pro sebe velkou zásluhu.
Duccaritavipāka Sutta (AN 8.40) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Tato sutta popisuje druh utrpení, které člověk prochází kvůli nedodržení hlavních pravidel.
Saṅkhitta Sutta (AN 8.53) - slovo slovem
    
Buddha dává své bývalé sestře osm kritérií
    
diskriminovat, zda daný výrok patří k jeho učení nebo ne,
    
což může být v dnešní době užitečné.
Dīghajāṇu Sutta (AN 8.54) {excerpt} - prosté texty
    
Buddha mimo jiné definuje v této suttě, co znamená velkorysost.
Vimokkha Sutta (AN 8.66) - vylepšený překlad
    
Vysvětlení osmi vimokkhů (osvobození).
Parihāna Sutta (AN 8.79) - bez překladu
    
Buddha vysvětluje, jaké jsou osmi dhammy vedoucí ke zhoršení bhikkhu pod tréninkem.

—— oooOooo ——

9. Navaka Nipāta

Nāga Sutta (AN 9.40) - prosté texty
    
Tato sutta, zbarvená jemným humorem, vysvětluje, jak bhikkhu
    
zvýšená mysl je srovnatelná s osamělým slonem, oba jsou
    
obvykle nazývané Nāga.
Tapussa Sutta (AN 9.41) {excerpt} - prosté texty
    
Zde saññā · vedayita · nirodha je zastavení sññā a vedanā prezentováno jako devátá jhāna.
Sikkhādubbalya Sutta (AN 9.63) - slovo slovem
    
Co dělat, když v pěti předpisech ještě není dokonalý.
Nīvaraṇa Sutta (AN 9.64) - slovo slovem
    
Jak odstranit pět překážek.

—— oooOooo ——

10. Dasaka Nipāta

Saṃyojana Sutta (AN 10.13) - prosté texty
    
Tato velmi krátká sutta uvádí deset saṁyojanů.
Kasiṇa Sutta (AN 10.25) - slovo slovem
    
Jedná se o standardní popis praxe na deseti kasiṇy.
Girimānanda Sutta (AN 10.60) - vylepšený překlad
    
v
    
aby pomohli Girimanandě zotavit se z vážné nemoci, Buddhy
    
dává skvělé učení o deseti typů velmi užitečných vjemů
    
které lze vyvíjet.
Kathāvatthu Sutta (AN 10.69) {excerpt} - prosté texty
    
Buddha připomíná bhikkům, o čem by neměli mluvit a o čem by měli mluvit.
Cunda Sutta (AN 10.176) - některé info · bubliny
    
Buddha vysvětluje hlubší význam čistoty v kāya, vācā a mana, nikoli v
obřadech nebo rituálech, a ukazuje, že to je základem toho, jehož
neúčinnost je zřejmá.

—— oooOooo ——

11. Ekādasaka Nipāta

30/03/2555

Mettā Sutta (AN 11.15) - několik informací · bubliny
    
Jedenáct dobrých výsledků, které vycházejí z praxe mettá.

—— oooOooo ——

http://www.business-standard.com/…/prez-macron-sells-rafale…
below are two reports, which, apparently, give a much better account of
the current status of the Jaitapur nuclear power project than the two
posted earlier

http://businessworld.in/…/India-France-i…/11-03-2018-143017/
India, France ink pact to expedite work on Jaitapur nuclear plant

10 March, 2018
by PTI

New Delhi, Mar 10 (PTI) India and France today inked an an agreement to
expedite the Jaitapur nuclear power plant project, with the aim of
commencing work at the site around the year-end.

Murderer of
democratic institutions (Modi) and French President Emmanuel Macron
encouraged the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and EDF
France to accelerate the contractual discussions for the project, which
is yet to see a consensus on key aspects such as credit limits.

The two leaders emphasised on the need for the project to generate
cost-effective electricity, remain economical and competitive financing
package from the French side with reliable, uninterrupted and continued
access to guaranteed fuel supply for the lifetime of the power plant.

They also agreed to further their collaboration on transfer of
technology and cost-effective localisation efforts of manufacturing in
India.

“The two leaders reiterated the goal of commencing works
at the Jaitapur site around the end of 2018, and encouraged NPCIL and
EDF to accelerate the contractual discussions in that respect,” a joint
statement released after the delegation-level talks said.

The EDF
and the NPCIL is yet to agree on the cost per unit and the credit
aspect, which France will give to India for building the plant in
Maharashtra.

Indian sources also said that unless the EDF is out
of its financial mess, the NPCIL will not go ahead with a final contract
or a General Framework Agreement with the French company.

Besides defence and space, nuclear energy is a key component of the Indo-French strategic partnership.

The Indo-French nuclear agreement was signed in 2008 and it was decided
to build a nuclear power plant in Jaitapur, in coastal Maharashtra,
some 600 km south of Mumbai. The power plant will have six reactors with
a capacity of 1,650 MW each.

Once installed, the Jaitapur project will be the largest nuclear power plant in the world, with a total capacity of 9,600 MW.

The two sides also welcomed the understanding shared on the enforcement
of India’s rules and regulations on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damages
applicable to the Jaitapur project.

“The understanding is based
on the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010, the Civil Liability
for Nuclear Damage Rules 2011, and compliance of India’s rules and
regulations with the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for
Nuclear Damage, ratified and notified to the IAEA,” the statement said.

In the past, the foreign players have raised concerns over the civil liability law in the country.

Modi thanked Macron for France’s leadership that led to India’s membership of the Wassenaar Arrangement.

He also thanked France for supporting India’s membership to the Australia Group.

India is already a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime
(MTCR) and its membership for this control regime was also backed by
Paris.

France is one of the strong votaries for India’s inclusion
in the Nuclear Suppliers Group, a crucial export control regime of
which New Delhi is not a member. However, India’s membership bid is
opposed by China.

“In order to further strengthen global
non-proliferation, France reaffirmed its strong and active support to
building consensus among regimes’ members on the issue of India’s
membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, recognising that India’s
accession will add value to the aims and objectives of these regimes,”
the joint statement said. PTI PR ASK ASK

Disclaimer: This story has not been edited by BW staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.


India France ink pact to expedite work on Jaitapur nuclear plant
businessworld.in

https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/…/articles…/63249994.cms

India, France ink pact to expedite work on Jaitapur nuclear plant

10 March, 2018
by PTI

New Delhi, Mar 10 (PTI) India and France today inked an an agreement to
expedite the Jaitapur nuclear power plant project, with the aim of
commencing work at the site around the year-end.

Murderer of
democratic institutions (Modi) and French President Emmanuel Macron
encouraged the Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd (NPCIL) and EDF
France to accelerate the contractual discussions for the project, which
is yet to see a consensus on key aspects such as credit limits.

The two leaders emphasised on the need for the project to generate
cost-effective electricity, remain economical and competitive financing
package from the French side with reliable, uninterrupted and continued
access to guaranteed fuel supply for the lifetime of the power plant.

They also agreed to further their collaboration on transfer of
technology and cost-effective localisation efforts of manufacturing in
India.

“The two leaders reiterated the goal of commencing works
at the Jaitapur site around the end of 2018, and encouraged NPCIL and
EDF to accelerate the contractual discussions in that respect,” a joint
statement released after the delegation-level talks said.

The EDF
and the NPCIL is yet to agree on the cost per unit and the credit
aspect, which France will give to India for building the plant in
Maharashtra.

Indian sources also said that unless the EDF is out
of its financial mess, the NPCIL will not go ahead with a final contract
or a General Framework Agreement with the French company.

Besides defence and space, nuclear energy is a key component of the Indo-French strategic partnership.

The Indo-French nuclear agreement was signed in 2008 and it was decided
to build a nuclear power plant in Jaitapur, in coastal Maharashtra,
some 600 km south of Mumbai. The power plant will have six reactors with
a capacity of 1,650 MW each.

Once installed, the Jaitapur project will be the largest nuclear power plant in the world, with a total capacity of 9,600 MW.

The two sides also welcomed the understanding shared on the enforcement
of India’s rules and regulations on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damages
applicable to the Jaitapur project.

“The understanding is based
on the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act 2010, the Civil Liability
for Nuclear Damage Rules 2011, and compliance of India’s rules and
regulations with the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for
Nuclear Damage, ratified and notified to the IAEA,” the statement said.

In the past, the foreign players have raised concerns over the civil liability law in the country.

Modi thanked Macron for France’s leadership that led to India’s membership of the Wassenaar Arrangement.

He also thanked France for supporting India’s membership to the Australia Group.

India is already a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime
(MTCR) and its membership for this control regime was also backed by
Paris.

France is one of the strong votaries for India’s inclusion
in the Nuclear Suppliers Group, a crucial export control regime of
which New Delhi is not a member. However, India’s membership bid is
opposed by China.

“In order to further strengthen global
non-proliferation, France reaffirmed its strong and active support to
building consensus among regimes’ members on the issue of India’s
membership of the Nuclear Suppliers Group, recognising that India’s
accession will add value to the aims and objectives of these regimes,”
the joint statement said. PTI PR ASK ASK

Disclaimer: This story has not been edited by BW staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.

II.
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/…/articles…/63249994.cms

India, France ink Jaitapur N-deal but tech, tariff concerns remain
Sanjay Dutta | TNN | Mar 10, 2018, 22:46 IST

AFP photo

NEW DELHI: Nuclear Power Corporation (NPCIL) and EDF of France on
Saturday signed an agreement for building the 10,000-MW (megawatt)
Jaitapur nuclear power plant, making India the fifth country to opt for
the EPR (European pressurised reactor) technology that is yet to become
commercially operational anywhere in the world.

A statement
issued by NPCIL said the agreement, signed to coincide with French
president Emannuel Macron’s ongoing visit, defines the project’s
industrial framework, the roles and responsibilities of the partners and
lays down a timetable for the next step.
The agreement for the
Jaitapur project billed as the world’s largest nuclear power project
with six EPR reactors comes even though questions over the untested EPR
technology, project cost and power tariff as well as EDF’s ability to
complete the project on time remain unanswered.

EDF is a French
state-controlled company and is Europe’s largest operator of nuclear
power plants. The company last year took over the nuclear power
equipment-making business of Areva, which had developed the EPR
technology and was to originally build the Jaitapur plant, after it
landed in dire straits.

All the nuclear power projects using the
EPR technology currently under construction globally - Hinkley Point in
the UK, Olkiluoto in Finland, Flamanville in France and Taishan in China
- are facing time and cost over-runs.

Areva had signed the MoU
for Jaitapur in 2009, with an estimated cost of $4 billion. In April
2015, Areva signed a pre-engineering agreement with NPCIL to examine the
licensability of its EPR technology in India.

The troubles for
Areva began after it found few takers for its EPR technology as the
world shunned nuclear power in the wake of the Fukushima disaster in
Japan. The EPR technology is yet to become commercially operational
anywhere in the world.

But the more basic question for the
Jaitapur project pertains to the cost of energy. Sources said the tariff
could go up to Rs 8 or so unless the project gets cheap financing from
the French or Indian government lending agencies. Even the Rs 7 per unit
price cap will appear costly in public perception in the backdrop of
solar and wind power tariff dropping to below Rs 3 per unit-mark.
Admittedly, solar and wind are intermittent energy sources as against
nuclear power station. But it may be hard to manage public perception.

Besides, the sources said, the “fear of the untried technology” still
remains one of the key areas of concern. This could have partially been
addressed had EDF taken full responsibility of engineering, procurement
and construction process. But the French company has so far not agreed
to this and only inked a co-operation deal with Indian
engineering-construction giant L&T for higher localisation of the
fabrication process.


Peace Is Doable

http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=177257
The official press release, as regards the 14 MoUs/Agreements signed)
says, as regards the “Industrial Way Forward Agreement between Nuclear
Power Corporation of India Ltd, and EDF, France”, just this:
<<This agreement prescribes a way forward for the implementation
of the Jaitapur nuclear power project.
That very much sounds pretty modest.
More so, if one keeps in mind that the press release is also a part of
diplomatic exercise, which customarily makes things look pretty good
even in the absence of any real substance.


pib.nic.in

https://www.reuters.com/…/foreign-suppliers-urged-to-step-u…

AA. <<”The two leaders reiterated the goal of commencing works at
the Jaitapur site around the end of 2018, and encouraged NPCIL and EDF
to accelerate the contractual discussions in that respect,” a joint
statement released after the delegation-level talks said.
***The EDF
and the NPCIL is yet to agree on the cost per unit and the credit
aspect*** [emphasis added], which France will give to India for building
the plant in Maharashtra.
***Indian
sources also said that unless the EDF is out of its financial mess, the
NPCIL will not go ahead with a final contract or a General Framework
Agreement with the French company*** [emphasis added].
Besides defence and space, nuclear energy is a key component of the Indo-French strategic partnership.>>
(Excerpted from Sl. No.. I. below.)

BB. <<***All the nuclear power projects using the EPR technology
currently under construction globally*** [emphasis added] - Hinkley
Point in the UK, Olkiluoto in Finland, Flamanville in France and Taishan
in China - are facing time and cost over-runs.

***But the
more basic question for the Jaitapur project pertains to the cost of
energy. Sources said the tariff could go up to Rs 8 or so unless the
project gets cheap financing from the French or Indian government
lending agencies. Even the Rs 7 per unit price cap will appear costly in
public perception in the backdrop of solar and wind power tariff
dropping to below Rs 3 per unit-mark.*** [Emphasis added.] Admittedly,
solar and wind are intermittent energy sources as against nuclear power
station. But it may be hard to manage public perception.
Besides,
***the sources said, the “fear of the untried technology” still remains
one of the key areas of concern*** [emphasis added]. This could have
partially been addressed had EDF taken full responsibility of
engineering, procurement and construction process. But the French
company has so far not agreed to this and only inked a co-operation deal
with Indian engineering-construction giant L&T for higher
localisation of the fabrication process.>>
(Excerpted from Sl. No. II. below.)

CC. <<He (Sekhar Basu, Secretary, DAE) said the situation was
similar (to that with Westinghouse Electric) with French utility EDF,
which signed a preliminary pact in Jan. 2016 to build six European
Pressurised Reactors (EPR) at Jaitapur, on India’s western seaboard.
Long delays to the construction of an EPR in Finland have led to legal
action. In France, work on an EPR is also running years late and the
estimated budget has trebled to more than 10 billion euros ($11
billion).
“***They have to sort out their financial issues before
anything can come on the table,” Basu said. “We will not buy a reactor
unless a plant is operating in their own country.”*** [Emphasis added.]
(Source: ‘Foreign suppliers urged to step up as India backs own nuclear design’ by Douglas Busvine, May 18 2017,


India’s
plan to build 10 of its own nuclear reactors does not signal a pivot
away from foreign suppliers, but to succeed their projects must be
financially sound and based…
reuters.com

https://groups.google.com/forum/…
The mail is available at


Posted 3/11/18 6:47 AM
groups.google.com

India
News: The India-France joint statement has no mention of the
acquisition of another 36 Rafale fighters as hoped for by the French
government even as Preside
timesofindia.indiatimes.com

http://www.business-standard.com/…/prez-macron-sells-rafale…
below are two reports, which, apparently, give a much better account of
the current status of the Jaitapur nuclear power project than the two
posted earlier

Murderer of democratic institutions(Modi) and President Emmanuel Macron promised to fight climate
change at the inaugural International Solar Alliance Summit
business-standard.com




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