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03/08/18
2554 Thu 8 Mar 2018 LESSON Buddha Vacana in 15 Classical Chichewa-Chichewa cha Chikale and Buddha
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: site admin @ 1:15 am

2554 Thu 8 Mar 2018 LESSON

 Buddha Vacana

in 15 Classical Chichewa-Chichewa cha Chikale

 15 Classical Chichewa
15 Chichewa cha Chikale

2554 Thu 8 Mar 2018 PHUNZIRO

 Buddha Vacana
- Mawu a Buddha -
Phunzirani Pali pa Intaneti kwaulere ndi njira yophweka.

Webusaitiyi
ikuperekedwa kwa iwo omwe akufuna kuti amvetse bwino mawu a Buddha
pophunzira zofunikira za chinenero cha Pali, koma omwe alibe nthawi
yochuluka.
Lingaliro
ndiloti ngati cholinga chawo chiri chabe kuti athandizidwe kuwerenga
malemba a Pali ndi kukhala ndi malingaliro okwanira a kumvetsetsa iwo,
ngakhale kuti kumvetsetsa kumeneku sikukutanthauza ndondomeko yonse ya
miniti ya malamulo a grammatic, iwo sakusowa kuti azigwiritsa ntchito
zambiri
nthawi yomwe ikulimbana ndi kuphunzira kokhumudwitsa kwa chiphunzitso
chovuta chachilankhulo chomwe chimakhudza zinthu monga kuzunzika
kwambiri ndi kugwirizana.

Zikatero,
ndizokwanira kuti azindikire tanthauzo la mawu ofunika kwambiri a Pali,
chifukwa chakuti kuwerenga mobwerezabwereza kumapereka chidziwitso
chodziwika bwino komanso chodziwika bwino pamagulu ambiri a chiganizo.
Zomwe zimathandiza kuti akhale autodidact, kusankha nthawi, nthawi,
mafupipafupi, zomwe zili mkati ndi kuya kwa kuphunzira kwawo.

Kumvetsetsa
kwawo kwa Buddha Vacana kudzakhala kosavuta kwambiri pamene amaphunzira
mosavuta ndi kuloweza mawu ndi zofunikira zomwe zili zofunika kwambiri
kuphunzitsa kwa Buddha, mwa kuŵerenga nthawi zonse.
Kuphunzira kwawo ndi kudzoza komwe amapeza kuchokera kwa iwo zidzakula
kwambiri pamene kulandiridwa kwawo ku mauthenga a Mphunzitsi
kudzasintha.

Zosasamala: Webusaiti iyi imapangidwa ndi autodidact ndipo imapangidwira ma autodidact. Wolemba
webusaiti sanatsatire njira iliyonse yapamwamba ya Pali ndipo palibe
chidziwitso kuti zonse zomwe zafotokozedwa apa ndizopanda zolakwika.
Anthu omwe akufuna kuphunzira mwaluso angaganize kuti alowe m’kalasi yamalamulo. Ngati owerenga azindikira zolakwa zilizonse, wolemba webusaitiyo
ayamika ngati atayankhula kudzera m’bokosi la makalata lotchulidwa kuti
‘Wothandizira’.

En Français:

Fufuzani pa webusaitiyi

Sutta Piṭaka -Digha Nikāya

DN 9 -
Poṭṭhapāda Sutta
{excerpt}
- Mafunso a Poṭṭhapāda -

Poṭṭhapāda akufunsa mafunso osiyanasiyana kuti agwirizane ndi chikhalidwe cha Saññā.
Zindikirani: malemba omveka

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/suttapitaka.html

 Sutta Piṭaka
- Dengu la nkhani -
[sutta: kukamba]

Sutta Piṭaka ili ndi chidziwitso cha chiphunzitso cha Buddha chokhudza Dhamma. Lili ndi suttas zikwi khumi. Igawanika m’magulu asanu omwe amatchedwa Nikāyas.

Dīgha Nikāya
    
[dīgha: long] The Dīgha Nikāya amasonkhanitsa nkhani zokwana 34 zokhala zopambana kwambiri zoperekedwa ndi Buddha. Pali malingaliro osiyanasiyana omwe ambiri mwa iwo ali mochedwa
kuwonjezera ku chiyambi choyambirira ndi chodziwika chokayikitsa.
Majjhima Nikāya
    
[majjhima: apakati] Majjhima Nikāya amasonkhanitsa nkhani 152 za
​​Buddha za kutalika pakati, zokhudzana ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana.
Saṃyutta Nikāya
    
[samyutta: gulu] Saṃyutta Nikāya amasonkhanitsa suttas molingana ndi phunziro lawo m’magulu asanu ndi awiri otchedwa saṃyuttas. Lili ndi zokamba zoposa zikwi zitatu za kutalika kwautali, koma kawirikawiri ndizochepa.
Aṅguttara Nikāya
    
[alembag: factor | Uttara:
Zoonjezerapo] Aṅguttara Nikāya amagawidwa m’magulu khumi ndi anayi omwe
amatchedwa nipātas, aliyense mwa iwo akukamba nkhani zokhala ndi
zilembo za chinthu chimodzi chophatikizapo cha chikhalidwe choyambirira.
Lili ndi zikwi za suttas zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zochepa.
Khuddaka Nikāya
    
[khuddha:
yochepa, yochepa] The Khuddhaka Nikāya malemba achidule ndipo akuwoneka
kuti ali ndi zilembo ziwiri: Dhammapada, Udāna, Itivuttaka, Sutta
Nipāta, Theragāthā-Therīgāthā ndi Jātaka amapanga kalembedwe, pamene
mabuku ena ali mochedwa komanso kuwonjezera
ndizokayikitsa kwambiri.

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/formulae.html

Pali Ma form

Maganizo
omwe ntchitoyi imachokera ndikuti ndime za suttas zomwe zimadziwika
kuti ndizobwezeredwa ndi Buddha mu Nikasi zonse zinayi zingatengedwe
monga zosonyeza zomwe akuganiza kuti ndizofunikira kwambiri kuphunzitsa
kwake
, komanso panthawi imodzimodzi ndi zomwe zikuyimira molondola mawu ake enieni. Eight mwa iwo akufotokozedwa mu Gaṇaka-Moggallāna Sutta (MN 107) ndipo
amafotokozedwa ngati Sekha Paṭipadā kapena Njira kwa wina pansi pa
Maphunziro, omwe amatsogolera neophyte mpaka ku jhāna yachinayi.

Sekha Paṭipadā - Njira ya munthu wophunzitsidwa

Njira khumi ndi ziwiri zomwe zimatanthawuza pang’onopang’ono miyambo yayikulu yomwe Buddha adayankha. Ndizofunika kwambiri kwa aliyense amene akufuna kuti apite patsogolo,
chifukwa ali ndi malangizo omwe angathandize woganizira kuti akonze
zofunikira kuti achite bwino.

Kufikira mosavuta:

Dīgha Nikāya

Majjhima Nikāya

Saṃyutta Nikāya

Aṅguttara Nikāya

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/sutta/digha.html
Dīgha Nikāya

- Nkhani zokwanira -
[dīgha: yaitali]

Dīgha Nikāya amasonkhanitsa nkhani zokwana 34 zomwe zimatchulidwa kwambiri ndi Buddha.

Poṭṭhapāda Sutta (DN 9) {excerpt} - kumasuliridwa
    
Poṭṭhapāda akufunsa mafunso osiyanasiyana kuti agwirizane ndi chikhalidwe cha Saññā.
Mahāpa
Ānāpānassati - Kuzindikira za Mphuno
    
Chizolowezi cha ānāpānassati chilimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi Buddha
chifukwa cha mitundu yonse ya zolinga zabwino ndipo apa mukhoza kumvetsa
bwino lomwe malangizo omwe amapereka.
Anussati - The Recollections
    
Pano tili ndi ndondomeko ya Buddha (≈140 occ.), Dhamma (≈90 occ.) Ndi Sangha (≈45 occ.).
Appamāṇā Cetovimutti - Ufulu wopanda malire wa malingaliro
    
Buddha nthawi zambiri amatamanda mchitidwe wa four appamāṇā
cetovimutti, omwe amadziwika kuti amabweretsa chitetezo ku zoopsa
komanso kukhala njira yotsogolera Brahmaloka.
Arahatta - Arahantship
    
Izi ndizomwe amagwiritsa ntchito polemba arahantship akufotokozedwa mu suttas.
Ariya Sīlakkhandha - Makhalidwe abwino kwambiri
    
Malamulo osiyanasiyana omwe amatsatira ndi bhikkhus.
Arūpajjhānā - The Jahnas zopanda pake
    
Pano pali malemba omwe akufotokozera zozizwitsa za samādhi kupyola
lachinai ya jhāna, zomwe zikutchulidwa kumapeto kwa Pali zilembo monga
arūpajjhānas.
Āsavānaṃ Khayañāṇa - Kudziwa za chiwonongeko cha maassa
    
Kudziwa za chiwonongeko cha āsavas: arahantship.
Bhojane Mattaññāā - Momwemo mu chakudya
    
Kulimbitsa thupi pa chakudya: Kudziwa zakudya zoyenera kudya.
Cattāro Jhānā - Zina zinayi
    
Jahāas anayi: kukhala ndi nthawi yokondweretsa.
Indriyesu Guttadvāratā - Kuyang’anitsitsa pakhomo la mphamvu zamaganizo
    
Pewani pakhomo la mphamvu zamaganizo: kudziletsa.
Jāgariyaṃ Anuyoga - Kudzipereka kuti ukhale wogalamuka
    
Kudzipatulira kuti akhale maso: usana ndi usiku.
Kammassakomhi - Ndine kamma yanga
    
Njirayi ikufotokozera mwala umodzi wa maziko a chiphunzitso cha Buddha: lamulo lovomerezeka la lamulo ndi zotsatira.
Nīvaraṇānaṃ Pahāna - Kuchotsedwa kwa zoletsedwa
    
Kuchotsa zotsutsana: kuthana ndi kusokoneza maganizo.
Pabbajjā - Kutuluka
    
Kutuluka: momwe wina akukonzera kusiya dziko.
Pubbevāsānussatiñāṇa - Kudziwa kukumbukira malo akale okhalamo
    
Kudziwa kukumbukira za malo akale okhalamo: kukumbukira moyo wakale.
Satipaṭṭhāna - Kukhalapo kwa Kuzindikira
    
Izi ndizimene Buddha amalembera mwachidule zomwe anayi satipaṭṭhānas ali (≈33 occ.).
Satisampajañña - Kumvetsetsa ndi kumvetsetsa bwino
    
Kumvetsetsa ndi kumvetsetsa bwino: chizoloŵezi chosasokonezeka.
Satta saddhammā - Makhalidwe asanu ndi awiri abwino
    
Makhalidwe asanu ndi awiri ofunikira omwe ayenera kukhala oyenerera ndi wophunzira kuti apambane. Zina mwa makhalidwe amenewa zikuwonekera pazinthu zisanu za uzimu ndi mabhala asanu.
Sattānaṃ Cutūpapātañāṇa - Kudziwa za kubadwanso kwa anthu osadetsedwa
    
Kudziwa za kubadwanso kwatsopano kwa anthu.
Sīlasampatti - Kukwaniritsa bwino
    
Kuchita bwino: kusunga mosamala malamulo a Pātimokkha.
Vivitta Senāsanena Bhajana - Kufikira kumalo osungirako
Kusankha malo oyenera ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa thupi ndi maganizo abwino ndi zina zomwe sizinayende bwino.


http://www.buddha-vacana.org/patimokkha.html

Pātimokkha
- Mfundo za Bhikkhu -

Awa ndiwo malangizo 227 omwe bhikkhu aliyense ayenera kuphunzira mwa mtima m’chinenero cha Pali kuti athe kuwayitanitsa. Pano, kusanthula kwa chiwonetsero cha chitsogozo chilichonse chidzaperekedwa.

Pārājika 1
    
Ngati bhikkhu aliyense ayenera kutenga nawo mbali pa maphunziro
ndi moyo wa bhikkhus, osasiya kuphunzitsidwa, popanda kunena zofooka
zake - amachita chiwerewere, ngakhale ndi nyama yaakazi, akugonjetsedwa
ndipo sakugwirizananso.
    
Pātimokkha

Pārājika 1

yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā · s · ājīva · samāpanno sikkhaṃ a ·
paccakkhāya du · b · balyaṃ an · āvi · katvā maṃṃ maṃṃ mazya antamaso
tachacchnana · gatāya · pi, pārājiko hoti a · saṃvāso.

Ngati bhikkhu aliyense ayenera kutenga nawo mbali pa maphunziro ndi
moyo wa bhikkhus, osasiya kuphunzitsidwa, popanda kunena zofooka zake -
amachita chiwerewere, ngakhale ndi nyama yaakazi, akugonjetsedwa ndipo
sakugwirizananso.

yo pana bhikkhu
bhikkhūnaṃ sikkhā · s · ājīva · samāpanno omwe akugwira nawo maphunziro ndi moyo wa bhikkhus,
sikkhaṃ a · paccakkhāya popanda kusiya chiphunzitso,
du · b · balbaṃ an · āvi · katvā popanda kunena kuti akufooka
methunaṃ dhammaṃ paṭiseveyya akugonana,
antamaso tiracchāna · gatāya · pi, ngakhale ndi nyama yazimayi,
pārājiko hoti a · saṃvāso. iye akugonjetsedwa ndipo sakugwirizananso.




http://www.buddha-vacana.org/download.html
 
Tsamba lothandizira

Tsitsani Website (Januray 2013):

Dinani apa

http://www.buddha-vacana.org/contact.html
 
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bvacana@gmail.com
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Wolemba webusaitiyo ayamika.
http://www.buddha-vacana.org/sutta/samyutta.html


Sutta Piṭaka

Saṃyutta Nikāya

- Zokambirana -
[saṃyutta: gulu]

Nkhani za Saṃyutta Nikāya zigawanika molingana ndi
mutu wawo mu 56 saṃyuttas, omwe ali okhawo asanu
vaggas.

Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 12.2) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Tsatanetsatane wa paṭicca samuppāda, ndi tanthauzo la lirilonse la khumi ndi awiri.
Cetanā Sutta (SN 12.38) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano Buddha akufotokoza momwe leanā, pamodzi ndi kulingalira ndi anusaya, zimakhala ngati maziko a viññāṇa.
Upādāna Sutta (SN 12.52) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Izi
    
Ndi phunziro lounikira kwambiri lomwe limasonyeza kuti maganizo ake ndi otani
    
Njira imodzi imapangitsa kuti munthu azilakalaka, ndipo amafotokoza mmene zingakhalire mosavuta
    
m’malo mwa malingaliro abwino kuti muchotse icho.
Puttamaṃsūpama Sutta (SN 12.63) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buda limapereka zowonjezera zinayi ndi zolimbikitsa zofotokozera momwe ma āhāras anayi ayenera kuwonedwera.
Sanidāna Sutta (SN 14.12) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
A
    
ndondomeko yodabwitsa ya momwe malingaliro amatembenukira kukhala zochita, mopitirira
    
Kuunikiridwa ndi fanizo la nyali yoyaka. Khalani mwakhama
    
kukumbukira kuchotsa malingaliro oipa!
Āṇi Sutta (SN 20.7) - mawu ndi mawu
    
A
    
Chinthu chofunika kwambiri chimatikumbutsa ife ndi Buddha: kwa ife
    
phindu komanso phindu la mibadwo yotsatira, ife
    
ayenera kuzipindulitsa kwambiri m’mawu ake enieni, osati kutero
    
aliyense amene akudziyesa masiku ano kapena akudziyesa kale kuti akhale
    
mphunzitsi woyenera (Dhamma).
Samādhi Sutta (SN 22.5) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
Buddha amalimbikitsa otsatira ake kuti akhale ndi maganizo kuti athe
    
yesetsani kumvetsetsa za kuwuka ndi kutha kwa asanu
    
zizindikiro, kenako amatha kufotokozera zomwe akutanthawuza potulukira ndi kudutsa
    
kutali kwa magulu onse, ponena za chiyambi chodalira.
Paṭisallāṇa Sutta (SN 22.6) - popanda kumasulira
    
The
    
Buddha amalimbikitsa otsatira ake kuti azichita zinthu zodzipatula kuti athe
    
yesetsani kumvetsetsa za kuwuka ndi kutha kwa asanu
    
zizindikiro, kenako amatha kufotokozera zomwe akutanthawuza potulukira ndi kudutsa
    
kutali kwa magulu onse, ponena za chiyambi chodalira.
Upādāparitassanā Sutta (SN 22.8) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Kutuluka ndi kutha kwa kuzunzika kumachitika m’magulu asanu.
Nandikumba Sutta (SN 22.51) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito chiwonongeko cha chisangalalo.
Anattalakkhana Sutta (SN 22.59) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mu sutta wotchuka kwambiri, Buddha akufotokoza za nthawi yoyamba zomwe amaphunzitsa pazomwe amakhulupirira.
Khajjanīya Sutta (SN 22.79) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Sutta iyi imapereka tanthauzo lomveka la khandhas zisanu.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 29.1) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mitundu yosiyana ya yagasgas.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 30.1) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya supaṇṇas (aka garudas).
Suddhika Sutta (SN 31.1) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya gandhabba imagwira.
Suddhika Sutta (SN 32.1) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mtundu wosiyanasiyana wa mtambo umatha.
Samāpattimūlakaṭhiti Sutta (SN 34.11) - kupititsa patsogolo
    
Kufika poyesa ndondomeko ndikusunga maganizo.
Pubbesambodha Sutta (SN 35.13) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
Buddha amamasulira zomwe akutanthauza mwa kukonda, kudziletsa ndi kumasulidwa
    
nkhani ya mkati, ndikufotokoza kuti iye
    
Kuwuka kunalibe kanthu kenakake kuposa kumvetsa iwo.
Abhinanda Sutta (SN 35.20) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Palibe chopulumuka kwa aliyense amene amasangalala ndi zinthu zakuthupi.
Migajāla Sutta (SN 35.46) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Chifukwa
    
kodi ndiwekha wokha wovuta kupeza? Buddha akufotokoza chifukwa chake, ziribe kanthu
    
kumene mukupita, mabwenzi anu okhumudwitsa nthawi zonse amalemba.
Avijjāpahāna Sutta (SN 35.53) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Nkhani yosavuta, koma yakuya kwambiri, pa zomwe muyenera kudziwa ndi
kuziwona kuti musiye kusadziwa komanso kubweretsa chidziwitso.
Sabbupādānapariññā Sutta (SN 35.60) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
Buddha, pamene akufotokozera kumvetsetsa kwathunthu kwa zomangirizira zonse,
    
amapereka tsatanetsatane wozama komanso omveka bwino: kukhudzana kumayambira pa maziko
    
za zochitika zitatu.


comments (0)
2554 Thu 8 Mar 2018 LESSON Buddha Vacana in 15 Classical Chichewa-Chichewa cha Chikale
Filed under: Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: site admin @ 12:44 am


Migajāla Sutta Sutta (SN 35.64) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Ena
    
neophytes (ndipo ife nthawi zambiri timadziwerengera tokha pakati pawo) nthawi zina timafuna
    
kukhulupirira kuti n’zotheka kusangalala ndi zosangalatsa zakuthupi popanda
    
kumayanjana kapena kuvutika. Buddha amaphunzitsa Migajāla
    
kuti izi ndi zovuta.
Adantāgutta Sutta (SN 35.94) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano
    
ndi mmodzi mwa iwo omwe akulangiza zomwe ndi zovuta kumvetsa ndi
    
nzeru, komabe zovuta kumvetsetsa pazamu zakuya chifukwa chathu
    
malingaliro olakwika nthawi zonse amalepheretsa pulogalamuyi. Chifukwa chake tiyenera kutero
    
khalani mobwerezabwereza nthawi zambiri, ngakhale kuti izo zingawoneke zosangalatsa kwa ena.
Pamādavihārī Sutta (SN 35.97) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Chomwe chimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa munthu yemwe amakhala wosasamala komanso amene amakhala ndi tcheru.
Sakkapañhā Sutta Sutta (SN 35.118) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha amapereka yankho lolunjika pa funso la Sakka: Nchifukwa chiyani anthu ena amakwaniritsa zolinga zawo pomwe ena sachita?
Rūpārāma Sutta (SN 35.137) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha amatifotokozera ife kachiwiri, mwa njira ina, chifukwa ndi kutha kwa kuzunzika. Zimachitikira pakati pa zomwe timapitiriza kuchita tsiku lonse ndi usiku wonse.
Aniccanibbānasappāya Sutta (SN 35.147) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano pali malangizo a hardcore vipassanā omwe amatsutsana ndi
chidziwitso chokhazikika kwa osinkhasinkha apamwamba omwe akuyembekezera
kupeza Nibbāna.
Ajjhattānattahetu Sutta (SN 35.142) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Kufufuza komwe kumayambitsa kutuluka kwa ziwalo za thupi, momwe
khalidwe la osadziŵika lingakhale losavuta kumvetsetsa, limapereka
kufotokozera kumvetsetsa kwawowo.
Samudda Sutta (SN 35.229) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Chimene nyanja ili mu chilango cha olemekezeka ndi. Chenjerani kuti musayime mu izo!
Pahāna Sutta (SN 36.3) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Chiyanjano pakati pa mitundu itatu ya vedanā ndi zitatu za mndandanda.
Daṭṭhabba Sutta (SN 36.5) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Momwe mitundu itatu ya vedanā (malingaliro) ayenera kuwonetseredwa.
Salla Sutta (SN 36.6) - kumasuliridwa kwowonjezereka
    
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kuipiraipira podzudzula maganizo pamwamba pake, ngati kuti waponyedwa
ndi mivi iwiri.
Munthu wanzeru amamva kupweteka kwa muvi yekha.
Anicca Sutta (SN 36.9) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zisanu ndi ziwiri za vedanā (kumverera), zomwe zimagwiritsidwanso
ntchito kwa zina zinayi khandhas (SN 22.21) ndi umodzi mwa khumi ndi
awiriwo a paṭicca · samuppāda (SN 12.20).
Phassamūlaka Sutta (SN 36.10) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mitundu itatu ya malingaliro imachokera mu mitundu itatu ya oyanjana.
Aṭṭhasata Sutta (SN 36.22) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha amafotokoza vedanās mu njira zisanu ndi ziwiri zosiyana,
kuzifufuza mu ziwiri, zitatu, zisanu, zisanu ndi chimodzi, khumi ndi
zitatu, makumi atatu ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi kapena zana limodzi ndi
zisanu ndi zitatu.
Nirāmisa Sutta (SN 36.31) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Titha kumvetsa pano kuti pīti, ngakhale kuti nthawi zambiri amatchulidwa ngati bojjhaṅga, nthawi zina akhoza kukhala akusala. Ndimeyi ikuphatikizanso kutanthawuza kwa kāmaguṇā zisanu.
Dhammavādīpañhā Sutta (SN 38.3) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Ndani amadzinenera kuti Dhamma padziko lapansi (dhamma · vādī)? Ndani amachita bwino (su · p · paṭipanna)? Ndani akuyenda bwino (su · gata)?
Dukkara Sutta (SN 39.16) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Nchiyani chovuta kuchita mu Kuphunzitsa ndi Chilango ichi?
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 45.8) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano Buddha akufotokozera momveka bwino chinthu chilichonse cha njira yopitilira asanu ndi itatu.
Āgantuka Sutta (SN 45.159) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Momwe Njira Yolemekezeka imagwirira ntchito ndi abhiññā zokhudzana ndi
dhammas osiyanasiyana monga alendo omwe amalandira alendo
osiyanasiyana.
Kusala Sutta (SN 46.32) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Zonse zomwe ziri zopindulitsa zimagwirizanitsa mu chinthu chimodzi.
Āhāra Sutta (SN 46.51) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha akufotokozera momwe tingathe “kudyetsa” kapena “kufa ndi njala”
zotsitsimutso ndi zifukwa za kuunikira malinga ndi momwe timagwiritsira
ntchito chidwi chathu.
Saṅgārava Sutta (SN 46.55) {excerpt} - kutanthauzira
    
Zithunzi zabwino kwambiri kuti afotokoze momwe nīvaraṇas zisanu
(zotchinga) zimakhudzira kusala kwa malingaliro ndi kuthekera kwake
kuzindikira chowonadi monga momwe ziliri.
Sati Sutta (SN 47.35) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mu sutta iyi, Buddha amakumbutsa bhikkhus kukhala satos ndi sampajānos, ndikutanthauzira mawu awiriwa.
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 47.40) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The satipaṭṭhānas amaphunzitsa mwachidule.
Daṭṭhabba Sutta (SN 48.8) - kumasuliridwa kwatsopano
    
Chimodzi mwa zisanu ndi zisanu za indriyas zauzimu zimanenedwa kuti zikuwoneka muzomwe maulendo angapo.
Saṃkhitta Sutta (SN 48.14) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Kuzikwaniritsa ndizo zonse zomwe tiyenera kuchita, ndipo izi ndizomwe timasulidwa.
Vibhaṅga Sutta (SN 48.38) - kumasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano Buddha akufotokozera zisanu ndi zisanu ndi ziwiri zoyipa.
Uppaṭipāṭika Sutta (SN 48.40) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Sutta iyi imakhala yofanana yofanana pakati pa kutha kwa mphamvu zamaganizo ndi zotsatira zotsatizana za Jahnas.
Sāketa Sutta (SN 48.43) {excerpt} - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mu sutta iyi, Buddha amanena kuti balasi ndi indriyas zikhoza kuonedwa ngati chinthu chimodzi kapena zinthu ziwiri zosiyana.
Patiṭṭhita Sutta (SN 48.56) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pali mkhalidwe umodzi wa m’maganizo kudzera mwa mphamvu zisanu zonse za uzimu.
Bīja Sutta (SN 49.24) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Chithunzi chokongola chomwe chikuwonetsera momwe ubwino wamakhalira ndizochita zoyesayesa zinayi zoyenera.
Gantha Sutta (SN 50.102) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Izi
    
Sutta yowonjezera mndandanda wokondweretsa wa ziwalo zinayi za thupi, ndi
    
amalimbikitsa kukula kwa mphamvu zisanu zauzimu.
Viraddha Sutta (SN 51.2) - kumasuliridwa kwowonjezereka
    
Aliyense amene amanyalanyaza izi amanyalanyaza njira yabwino.
Chandasamādhi Sutta (SN 51.13) - kumasuliridwa bwino
    
Sutta iyi ikufotokoza momveka bwino tanthauzo la malemba omwe akufotokoza za chizolowezi cha iddhi ppddas.
Samaṇabrāhmaṇa Sutta (SN 51.17) - kutanthauziridwa
    
Madzi
    
m’mbuyomu, m’tsogolo kapena panopa, aliyense amene ali ndi mphamvu zopambana
    
mphamvu zakhala zikukulirakulira ndikuchita zinthu zinayi mwachangu.
Vidhā Sutta (SN 53.36) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
The
    
Jahnas akulimbikitsidwa kuchotsa mitundu itatu ya kujambula, yomwe
    
ndi ofanana ndi kudziyerekezera ndi ena. Zimatsimikizira kuti ngati
    
pali utsogoleri uliwonse mu Sangha, ndizowathandiza,
    
ndipo sichiyenera kutengedwa monga woimira chilichonse. Ndi
    
Sindidziwitseni ngati izi ndizomwe zimachitika mobwerezabwereza
    
chinthu, kapena suttas 16 pamodzi, kapena 4 suttas okhala ndi 4
    
kubwereza.
Padīpopama Sutta (SN 54.8) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano
    
Buddha akulongosola ānāpānassati ndipo amayitanitsa izo mosiyanasiyana
    
Zolinga: kuchoka ku zonyansa zazikulu, kupyolera mukukulitsa zonse
    
Jhānas eyiti.
Saraṇānisakka Sutta (SN 55.24) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mu
    
nkhani yokondweretsa iyi, Buddha amanena kuti wina alibe
    
ayenera kuti adalimbikitsidwa kwambiri ndi Buddha, Dhamma ndi Sangha
    
kuti akhale wopambana-mphotho pa nthawi ya imfa.
Mahānāma Sutta (SN 55.37) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zomwe zikutanthawuza kukhala wophunzira wopatulika, wopatsidwa mphamvu, kukhudzidwa, wopatsa ndi kuzindikira.
Aṅga Sutta (SN 55.50) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Zina zinayi sotāpattiyaṅgas (zifukwa zolowera mkaka).
Samādhi Sutta (SN 56.1) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha amalimbikitsa bhikkhus kuti azichita masadidi, chifukwa zimapangitsa kumvetsetsa mfundo zinayi zenizeni zomwe zili zoona.
Paṭisallāna Sutta (SN 56.2) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
Buddha amalimbikitsa bhikkhus kuti azichita paṭisallāna, chifukwa zimabweretsa
    
kumvetsetsa mfundo zinayi zabwino zomwe zili zenizeni.
Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta (SN 56.11) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Ichi ndithudi ndi sutta yotchuka kwambiri mu chigawo cha Pali. Buddha akufotokozera anayi-saccas anayi nthawi yoyamba.
Saṅkāsanā Sutta (SN 56.19) - kumasuliridwa kwatsopano
    
The
    
kuphunzitsa za choonadi chinayi chodziwika bwino, ngakhale kuyipa kungakuwonekere kwa
    
kusokonezeka maganizo, ndizozama kwambiri ndipo lingaliro likhoza kuthera lonse
    
nthawi yopenda izo.
Siṃsapāvana Sutta (SN 56.31) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
Sutta wotchuka kumene Buddha akunena kuti alibe chidwi chilichonse
    
ziphunzitso zomwe sizikugwirizana nthawi zonse ndi kukwaniritsa cholinga.
Daṇḍa Sutta (SN 56.33)
    
Fanizo lofotokozera la ndodoyo.

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http://www.buddha-vacana.org/sutta/anguttara.html
 
Sutta Piṭaka

Aṅguttara Nikāya

- Nkhani za chinthu china chowonjezera -
[alembag: factor | uttara: zina]

Aṅguttara Nikāya ili ndi zikwi
za mafupiafupi, omwe ali ndi chidziwitso chokhazikitsidwa monga
zolemba. Zagawidwa mu magawo khumi ndi limodzi, zoyamba kuchita nazo
zolemba za chinthu chimodzi, chachiwiri ndi za zinthu ziwiri ndi zina
Buddha, asanayambe kugwiritsa ntchito kulemba, adafunsa omvera ake kukhala
kumvetsera komanso kuloweza pamtima malangizo ake. Kuti apange mawu ake
momveka bwino momwe angathere ndikuwongolera kukumbukira, nthawi zambiri
anapereka chiphunzitso chake mwa mawonekedwe a zolemba.

Nipātas

1. Ekaka Nipāta 7. Chipata cha Nipata
2. Duka Nipāta 8. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta
3. Tika Nipata 9. Navaka Nipata
4. Catuka Nipāta 10. Dasaka Nipata
5. Pañcaka Nipāta 11. Kuwonjezera Nipata
6. Chakka Nipata

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1. Ekaka Nipāta

Rūpādi Vagga (AN 1.1-10) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pali mitundu isanu ya zinthu zakuthupi zomwe zimapambana maganizo a (ambiri) anthu kuposa ena onse.
Nīvaraṇappahāna Vagga (AN 1.11-20) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Dhamma zisanu zomwe zimalimbikitsa kwambiri zitsulo zisanu, ndi njira zisanu zothandiza kwambiri zowatulutsira.
Akammaniya Vagga (AN 1.21-30) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Maganizo angakhale mdani wathu wamkulu kapena bwenzi lathu lapamtima.
Adanta Vagga (AN 1.31-40) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Maganizo angakhale mdani wathu wamkulu kapena bwenzi lathu lapamtima.
Udakarahaka Suttas (AN 1.45 & 46)
    
Kusiyana pakati pa malingaliro abwino ndi matope.
Mudu Sutta (AN 1.47) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Fanizo la malingaliro ndiloluntha.
Lahuparivatta Sutta (AN 1.48) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha, kawirikawiri kwambiri pofufuza mafanizo, alipo pano.
Accharāsaṅghāta Peyyāla (AN 1.53-55) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Kuchita zabwino kumapangitsa munthu woyenera mphatso.
Kusala Suttas (AN 1.56-73) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Chimene chimapangitsa ndi zomwe zimathetsa mfundo zabwino ndi zolakwika.
Pamāda Suttas (AN 1.58-59) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Palibe chokhumudwitsa monga ichi.
Pamādādi Vagga (AN 1.81-97) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buda adachenjezanso kuti tisamvere.
Kāyagatāsati Vagga (AN 1.563-574) {excerpts} - kutanthauziridwa
    
Buddha amalankhula mosamalitsa za malingaliro operekedwa kwa thupi.

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2. Nipāta

Appaṭivāna Sutta (AN 2.5)
    
Momwe ife tiyenera kudziphunzitsira tokha ngati ife tikufuna kuti tifunikire kuwuka.
Cariya Sutta (AN 2.9) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Ndi chiyani, pambuyo pa zonse, zomwe zimatsimikizira mgwirizano, mwaluso,
    
kuwona mtima, ubale mu mawu mawu mtendere mumtundu wopatsidwa? Buddha
    
akufotokoza pano omwe ali awiri omwe ali osamalira a dziko.
Ekaṃsena Sutta (AN 2.18) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano pali chinthu chimodzi chimene Buddha amalengeza mwachidule.
Vijjābhāgiya Sutta (AN 2.32) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Apa Buddha akufotokozera Samatha ndi rāga ndi cetovimutti, ndi Vipassanā ndi avijjā ndi paññāvimutti.

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3. Tika Nipāta

Kesamutti [aka Kālāmā] Sutta (AN 3.66) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mu
    
Sutta wotchuka uyu, Buddha amatikumbutsa kuti potsirizira pake tidzakhulupirira okha
    
zodziwikiratu zachindunji zenizeni, osati zomwe zimafotokozedwa ndi ena,
    
ngakhale atakhala ‘aphunzitsi athu olemekezeka’.
Sāḷha Sutta (AN 3.67) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Malangizo omwe aperekedwa pano ndi ofanana kwambiri ndi omwe anapatsidwa kwa Kalamas.
Aññatitthiya Sutta (AN 3.69) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
The
    
Mizu itatu ya zosayenera ikufotokozedwa ndi kulemekeza kwawo
    
khalidwe, chifukwa cha kuwuka kwawo, ndi njira yobweretsera
    
kutha kwawo.
Uposatha Sutta (AN 3.71) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mu sutta iyi, Buddha akufotokoza momwe anthu ayenera kuchita Uposatha ndikufotokoza mitundu yosiyanasiyana ya devas.
Sīlabbata Sutta (AN 3.79) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Ānanda akulongosola momwe zizoloŵezi zophweka zachikhulupiriro ndi miyambo zingakhoze kuonedwa ngati zopindulitsa kapena ayi.
Samaṇa Sutta (AN 3.82) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano pali ntchito zitatu zapadera zomwe zimagwira ntchito.
Vajjiputta Sutta (AN 3.85) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
A
    
Monk wina sangaphunzitse malamulo ambiri. Buddha akumufotokozera iye
    
momwe iye angakhoze kuchita popanda iwo, ndipo izo zimachita bwino bwino kwambiri.
Sikkhattaya Sutta (AN 3.90) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha amatanthauzira maphunziro atatu, i.e adhisīlasikkhā, adhicittasikkhā ndi adhipaññāsikkhā.
Accāyika Sutta (AN 3.93) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Ntchito zitatu zolimbikitsana zomwe zimakhala zovuta za mlimi.
Sikkhattaya Sutta (AN 3.91) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Apa Buddha amapereka tanthauzo lina la adhipaññāsikkhā.
Paṃsudhovaka Sutta (AN 3.102) - zochepa chabe · mababu
    
Mu
    
Sutta uyu, Buddha akuyerekeza kuchotseratu kuwonongeka kwa maganizo
    
kudzera muzochita ku ntchito ya wosula golide. Ndizo makamaka
    
chidwi, chifukwa chimapereka kufotokozera pang’ono zosafunika
    
wina ayenera kuthana nawo pa nthawiyi, yomwe imapereka zothandiza
    
zolemba.
Nimitta Sutta (AN 3.103) - zochepa chabe · mababu
    
Chitani
    
mumadzimangirira kapena kukhumudwa kwambiri panthawi yanu
    
Kusinkhasinkha? Iyi ndi nkhani yothandiza kwambiri kwa osinkhasinkha
    
amene akufuna kulekanitsa mphamvu ziwiri zoyenerera zauzimu
    
ndi kuzunzidwa, pamodzi ndi chiyanjano. Ambiri aife tikhoza kupindula
    
makamaka kugwiritsa ntchito bwino malangizowa.
Ruṇṇa Sutta (AN 3.108) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano
    
Buddha amafotokoza zomwe zikuimba ndi kuvina mu chilango cha
    
olemekezeka, ndiyeno amapereka chiganizo chokhudza kuseka ndi
    
akumwetulira.
Atitti Sutta (AN 3.109) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zinthu zitatu zolakwika, zomwe ambiri mwachisoni amakonda, zomwe sizingabweretse mavuto.

Nidāna Sutta (AN 3.112) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zifukwa zisanu ndi zitatu, zitatu zabwino ndi zitatu zosayenera, kutuluka kwa kamma.
Kammapatha Sutta (AN 3.164) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Zimasonyezedwa apa kuti malingaliro omwe palibe cholakwika chifukwa chosakhala zamasamba ndi zolakwa.

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4. Catukka Nipāta

Yoga Sutta (AN 4.10) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Chimene Buddha amatanthauza pamene akulankhula za yoga ndi yogakkhema (kupuma ku goli).
Padhāna Sutta (AN 4.13) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mu sutta iyi, Buddha amapereka tanthauzo la sammappadhānas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 4.37) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Njira zinayi zosavuta zomwe zimapangitsa kuti munthu asagwedezeke, pamaso pa Nibbāna.
Samādhibhāvanā Sutta (AN 4.41) - mawu ndi mawu
    
The
    
mitundu iwiri ya ndondomeko yomwe Buddha akuyamikira. Ndizoonadi
    
Mwachionekere apa palibe kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa samādhi ndi
    
paññā.
Vipallāsa Sutta (AN 4.49) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mu sutta iyi, Buddha akulongosola zolakwika zina za saññā, citta and diṭṭhi.
Appamāda Sutta (AN 4.116) - yomasuliridwa mosavuta
    
Milandu inayi imene munthu ayenera kuchita ndi kudzipereka.
Ārakrak Sutta (AN 4.117) - kumasulira kwamba
    
Zinthu zinayi zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa ndi kudzipereka, kulingalira komanso kuteteza maganizo.
Mettā Sutta (AN 4.125) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano
    
Buddha akufotokozera mtundu wanji wobwereranso yemwe amachita bwino
    
ma Brahmavihāras anayi akhoza kuyembekezera, ndi mwayi waukulu kukhala ake
    
wophunzira.
Asubha Sutta (AN 4.163) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
The
    
njira zinayi zochitira, malinga ndi mtundu wa ntchito yosankhidwa ndi
    
mphamvu kapena zofooka za mphamvu ndi zida zauzimu.
Abhiññā Sutta (AN 4.254) - popanda kumasulira
    
Momwe Njira Yolemekezeka imagwirira ntchito ndi abhiññā zokhudzana ndi
dhammas osiyanasiyana monga alendo omwe amalandira alendo
osiyanasiyana.
Arañña Sutta (AN 4.262)
    
Kodi ndi munthu wotani amene ayenera kukhala m’chipululu?

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5. Pañcaka Nipata

Vitthata Sutta (AN 5.2) - popanda kumasulira
    
Apa Buddha akufotokozera mwatsatanetsatane zomwe amachitcha asanuwo
    
Sekha-balas (mphamvu za imodzi mu maphunziro). Sutta iyi mosavuta
    
kumvetseka popanda kufunikira kumasulira kofananako, ngati inu mukulozera ku
    
Satta saddhammā Ma form monga momwe adzaneneretsedwe m’malembawo. Chombo cha-Pali-Chingerezi chilinso kupezeka, mwinamwake ngati.
Vitthata Sutta (AN 5.14) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Apa ndikutanthauzira mabhala asanu.
Samādhi Sutta (AN 5.27) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zidziwitso zisanu zotukulira zomwe zimachitika kwa munthu amene amachita zosawerengera zopanda malire.
Akusalarāsi Sutta (AN 5.52) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Kulankhula molondola, nchiyani chomwe chiyenera kutchedwa ‘kusonkhanitsa demerit’?
Abhiṇhapaccavekkhitabbaṭhāna Sutta (AN 5.57) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Kodi mungaganizire bwanji kamma yanu?
Anāgatabhaya Sutta (AN 5.80) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
The
    
Buddha amakumbutsa amonke kuti zochita za Dhamma siziyenera kuikidwa
    
kuchoka kwa tsiku lomaliza, pakuti palibe chitsimikizo chakuti tsogolo lidzatero
    
perekani mwayi uliwonse wochita.
Sekha Sutta (AN 5.89) - popanda kumasulira
    
The
    
Buddha amatikumbutsa zinthu zisanu zomwe zimapangitsa kuti chizoloŵezichi chisawonongeke, chomwe
    
Aliyense amene akufuna kupita patsogolo mu maphunziro ndi ofunika kwambiri
    
kuti tidziwe, kumbukirani ndikuphatikizana ndi moyo wathu monga
    
kudziwa za nīvaraṇas zisanu.
Sekha Sutta (AN 5.90) ​​- yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Maganizo asanu omwe amachititsa kuti ntchitoyi isokonezeke.
Sutadhara Sutta (AN 5.96) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Makhalidwe asanu omwe amatsogoleredwa ndi kupuma ndikumasula nthawi yaitali.
Kathā Sutta (AN 5.97) - yomasulira
    
Makhalidwe asanu omwe amatsogoleredwa ndi kupuma ndikumasula nthawi yaitali.
Āraññaka Sutta (AN 5.98) - kumasuliridwa
    
Makhalidwe asanu omwe amatsogoleredwa ndi kupuma ndikumasula nthawi yaitali.
Andhakavinda Sutta (AN 5.114) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zinthu zisanu zomwe Buda adalimbikitsa madona ake omwe adaikidwa kumene.
Samayavimutta Sutta (AN 5.149) - popanda kumasulira
    
Zinthu zisanu zomwe munthu wapeza ‘kumasula nthawi zina’ adzabwerera.
Samayavimutta Sutta (AN 5.150) - popanda kumasulira
    
Chinthu chinanso cha zisanu zomwe munthu amene wapeza ‘ufulu wowonjezera’ adzabwerera.
Vaṇijjā Sutta (AN 5.177) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha akunena apa ntchito zisanu zomwe siziyenera kuchitidwa ndi otsatira ake omwe adayika, omwe amalonda a nyama.
Gihī Sutta (AN 5.179) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mu
    
Sutta uyu, Buddha amapereka molunjika kwambiri pa njira yomwe
    
achinayi sotāpattiyaṅgas ayenera kukhala internalized kuti
    
kukhazikitsa zikhalidwe zoyenera za sotāpatti.
Nissāraṇīya Sutta (AN 5.200) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Sutta iyi imachepetsa mitundu isanu ya nissāraṇas.
Yāgu Sutta (AN 5.207) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha amapereka ubwino wambiri wa kudya mpunga-gruel.
Dantakaṭṭha ​​Sutta (AN 5.208)
    
Buddha amapereka zifukwa zisanu zoti azitsuka.
Gītassara Sutta (AN 5.209) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Izi
    
Sutta yanyalanyazidwa kwambiri ndi miyambo yosiyanasiyana ya Chibuda:
    
Buddha akufotokozera chifukwa chake sakulola bhikkhus kuchita chilichonse
    
nyimbo zoimba.
Muṭṭhassati Sutta (AN 5.210) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Kuipa kwa kugona tulo popanda yoyenera sati ndi sampajañña, ndi ubwino wake wochitira nawo limodzi.
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.241)
    
Zoopsa zisanu za duccarita (khalidwe loyipa) ndi ubwino asanu wa sucarita (khalidwe labwino).
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.245)
    
Sutta ina yokhudzana ndi ngozi zisanu za duccarita ndi ubwino asanu wa sucarita.
Sivathika Sutta (AN 5.249) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Njira zisanu zomwe munthu wosaphunzitsidwa bwino angakhale ofanana ndi malo osungirako anthu omwe amaponya mitembo.
Puggalappasāda Sutta (AN 5.250) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano pali chenjezo losayembekezeka limene Buddha adanena za kuopsa kokhala ndi chidaliro kwa wina aliyense.
Rāgassa abhiññāya Sutta (AN 5.303)
    
Zinthu zisanu zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti mudziwe zambiri za rāga.

—— oooOooo ——

6. Chakka Nipata

Bhaddaka Sutta (AN 6.14) - osaphunzira zambiri · mababu
    
Saitputta
    
akufotokozera zomwe zimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa bhikkhu yomwe imfa yawo idzakhala
    
khalani osakayikira ndipo wina amene imfa yake idzakhala yovuta.
Anutappiya Sutta (AN 6.15) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Saitputta
    
akufotokozera zomwe zimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa bhikkhu yomwe imfa yawo idzakhala
    
khalani okhumudwa ndipo wina amene imfa yake idzakhala yopanda pake.
Maraṇassati Sutta (AN 6.20)
    
Sutta iyi ikufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito kulingalira kwa imfa.
Sāmaka Sutta (AN 6.21) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Anayesedwa
    
mwa kulowetsedwa kwa deva, Buddha amavumbulutsa njira zisanu ndi chimodzi zosatha
    
zomwe bhikkhus zimasokonekera mu kusala dhammas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 6.22) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Dhammas asanu ndi limodzi okhudzana ndi kusawonongeka. Chinthu chinanso chothandiza kwambiri kwa akatswiri achidwi.
Himavanta Sutta (AN 6.24) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Makhalidwe asanu ndi limodzi anagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi momwe munthu
wosinkhasinkha anganene kuti akuphwanya zidutswa za Himalaya.
Anussatiṭṭhāna Sutta (AN 6.25) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Sutta iyi ikutanthauzira zomwe maphunziro asanu ndi limodzi akumbukira.
Sekha Sutta (AN 6.31) - popanda kumasulira
    
Buddha akulongosola kuti ndi ma dhammas asanu ndi limodzi omwe amachititsa kuti bhikkhu ayambe kuphunzitsidwa.
Nāgita Sutta (AN 6.42) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pamene
    
kukhala mu nkhalango yamatabwa, Buddha amalankhula mukutamanda kwa kudzichepetsa,
    
kukhutira, kusagwirizana, ndi kusungulumwa m’chipululu.
Dhammika Sutta (AN 6.54) - malemba omveka
    
Mu
    
Sutta iyi, mawu akuti tathāgata sagwiritsidwe ntchito kutchula Buddha koma
    
mwachibadwa, zomwe zimatithandiza kumvetsetsa tanthauzo lake.
Nibbedhika Sutta (AN 6.63) - malemba omveka
    
Izi
    
sutta amapereka chidwi chosanthula kusanthula kwa Kāma, Vedanā,
    
Saññā, Āsavā, Kamma ndi Dukkha. Lililonse la mawuwa limatanthauzidwa ndiyeno
    
analongosola mwatsatanetsatane chitsanzo cha anayi-saccas anayi.
Anavatthitā Sutta (AN 6.102) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mphoto zisanu ndi imodzi zomwe ziyenera kukhala zolimbikitsira kukhazikitsa lingaliro la anicca.
Atammaya Sutta (AN 6.104) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mphoto zisanu ndi imodzi zomwe ziyenera kukhala zolimbikitsira kukhazikitsa lingaliro la anatta.
Assāda Sutta (AN 6.112) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mmene tingathetsere malingaliro a chisangalalo, malingaliro a iwo eni, ndi malingaliro olakwika mwawoyera.
Dhammānupassī Sutta (AN 6.118) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Icho
    
ndiyenera kubwereza mobwerezabwereza uthenga woperekedwa mu sutta iyi: zizolowezi zisanu ndi chimodzi
    
popanda kusiya zomwe simungathe kuchita
    
satipaṭṭhānas bwino. Kukonzekera kwenikweni kungakhale kotheka apa.

—— oooOooo ——

Yāgu Sutta (AN 5.207) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Buddha amapereka ubwino wambiri wa kudya mpunga-gruel.
Dantakaṭṭha ​​Sutta (AN 5.208)
    
Buddha amapereka zifukwa zisanu zoti azitsuka.
Gītassara Sutta (AN 5.209) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Izi
    
Sutta yanyalanyazidwa kwambiri ndi miyambo yosiyanasiyana ya Chibuda:
    
Buddha akufotokozera chifukwa chake sakulola bhikkhus kuchita chilichonse
    
nyimbo zoimba.
Muṭṭhassati Sutta (AN 5.210) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Kuipa kwa kugona tulo popanda yoyenera sati ndi sampajañña, ndi ubwino wake wochitira nawo limodzi.
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.241)
    
Zoopsa zisanu za duccarita (khalidwe loyipa) ndi ubwino asanu wa sucarita (khalidwe labwino).
Duccarita Sutta (AN 5.245)
    
Sutta ina yokhudzana ndi ngozi zisanu za duccarita ndi ubwino asanu wa sucarita.

Sivathika Sutta (AN 5.249) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Njira zisanu zomwe munthu wosaphunzitsidwa bwino angakhale ofanana ndi malo osungirako anthu omwe amaponya mitembo.
Puggalappasāda Sutta (AN 5.250) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pano pali chenjezo losayembekezeka limene Buddha adanena za kuopsa kokhala ndi chidaliro kwa wina aliyense.
Rāgassa abhiññāya Sutta (AN 5.303)
    
Zinthu zisanu zomwe ziyenera kuchitidwa kuti mudziwe zambiri za rāga.

—— oooOooo ——

6. Chakka Nipata

Bhaddaka Sutta (AN 6.14) - osaphunzira zambiri · mababu
    
Saitputta
    
akufotokozera zomwe zimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa bhikkhu yomwe imfa yawo idzakhala
    
khalani osakayikira ndipo wina amene imfa yake idzakhala yovuta.
Anutappiya Sutta (AN 6.15) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Saitputta
    
akufotokozera zomwe zimapangitsa kusiyana pakati pa bhikkhu yomwe imfa yawo idzakhala
    
khalani okhumudwa ndipo wina amene imfa yake idzakhala yopanda pake.
Maraṇassati Sutta (AN 6.20)
    
Sutta iyi ikufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane momwe mungagwiritsire ntchito kulingalira kwa imfa.
Sāmaka Sutta (AN 6.21) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Anayesedwa
    
mwa kulowetsedwa kwa deva, Buddha amavumbulutsa njira zisanu ndi chimodzi zosatha
    
zomwe bhikkhus zimasokonekera mu kusala dhammas.
Aparihāniya Sutta (AN 6.22) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Dhammas asanu ndi limodzi okhudzana ndi kusawonongeka. Chinthu chinanso chothandiza kwambiri kwa akatswiri achidwi.
Himavanta Sutta (AN 6.24) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Makhalidwe asanu ndi limodzi anagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi momwe munthu
wosinkhasinkha anganene kuti akuphwanya zidutswa za Himalaya.
Anussatiṭṭhāna Sutta (AN 6.25) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Sutta iyi ikutanthauzira zomwe maphunziro asanu ndi limodzi akumbukira.
Sekha Sutta (AN 6.31) - popanda kumasulira
    
Buddha akulongosola kuti ndi ma dhammas asanu ndi limodzi omwe amachititsa kuti bhikkhu ayambe kuphunzitsidwa.
Nāgita Sutta (AN 6.42) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pamene
    
kukhala mu nkhalango yamatabwa, Buddha amalankhula mukutamanda kwa kudzichepetsa,
    
kukhutira, kusagwirizana, ndi kusungulumwa m’chipululu.
Dhammika Sutta (AN 6.54) - malemba omveka
    
Mu
    
Sutta iyi, mawu akuti tathāgata sagwiritsidwe ntchito kutchula Buddha koma
    
mwachibadwa, zomwe zimatithandiza kumvetsetsa tanthauzo lake.
Nibbedhika Sutta (AN 6.63) - malemba omveka
    
Izi
    
sutta amapereka chidwi chosanthula kusanthula kwa Kāma, Vedanā,
    
Saññā, Āsavā, Kamma ndi Dukkha. Lililonse la mawuwa limatanthauzidwa ndiyeno
    
analongosola mwatsatanetsatane chitsanzo cha anayi-saccas anayi.
Anavatthitā Sutta (AN 6.102) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mphoto zisanu ndi imodzi zomwe ziyenera kukhala zolimbikitsira kukhazikitsa lingaliro la anicca.
Atammaya Sutta (AN 6.104) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mphoto zisanu ndi imodzi zomwe ziyenera kukhala zolimbikitsira kukhazikitsa lingaliro la anatta.
Assāda Sutta (AN 6.112) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mmene tingathetsere malingaliro a chisangalalo, malingaliro a iwo eni, ndi malingaliro olakwika mwawoyera.
Dhammānupassī Sutta (AN 6.118) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Icho
    
ndiyenera kubwereza mobwerezabwereza uthenga woperekedwa mu sutta iyi: zizolowezi zisanu ndi chimodzi
    
popanda kusiya zomwe simungathe kuchita
    
satipaṭṭhānas bwino. Kukonzekera kwenikweni kungakhale kotheka apa.

—— oooOooo ——
7. Sattaka Nipāta

Anusaya Sutta (AN 7.11) - malemba omveka
    
Nazi mndandanda wa zolemba zisanu ndi ziwiri.
Anusaya Sutta (AN 7.12) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Pokusiya ma anusaya asanu ndi awiri (zovuta kapena zovuta).
Saññā Sutta (AN 7.27) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Maganizo asanu ndi awiri omwe amachititsa kuti bhikkhus akhale ndi moyo wabwino kwa nthawi yaitali ndikuletsa kuchepa kwawo.
Parihāni Sutta (AN 7.28) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mfundo zisanu ndi ziwiri zomwe bhikkhu mu maphunziro angakane kapena ayi.
Parihāni Sutta (AN 7.29) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mfundo zisanu ndi ziwiri za khalidwe zomwe wotsatira wotsatira angakane kapena ayi.
Vipatti Sutta (AN 7.30) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mfundo zisanu ndi ziwiri za khalidwe zomwe wotsatira wotsatira angakwaniritse zolephera zake.
Parābhava Sutta (AN 7.31) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mfundo zisanu ndi ziwiri za khalidwe zomwe wotsatira wotsatila angakumane nazo kuwonongeka kapena kulemera kwake.
Saññā Sutta (AN 7.49) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Zisanu ndi ziwiri za mkati zomwe zimayenera kuchitidwa.
Nagaropama Sutta (AN 7.67) - malemba omveka ndi Pali Formulas
    
Pano Buddha amagwiritsa ntchito fanizo lodziŵitsa kuti afotokoze momwe zisanu ndi ziwiri
    
makhalidwe abwino omwe ayenera kukhala oyenerera ndi wophunzira kuti akhale
    
Kugwira bwino ntchito pamodzi kuteteza asilikali a Māra (ie. akusala
    
dhammas) kuti alowe mu nsanja ya malingaliro.
Satthusāsana Sutta (AN 7.83) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Pano pali ndondomeko yowonjezereka kasanu ndi kawiri yosiyanitsa zomwe Chiphunzitso cha Buddha chimachokera ku zomwe siziri.

—— oooOooo ——

8. Aṭṭhaka Nipāta

Nanda Sutta (AN 8.9) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha akulongosola momwe Nanda, ngakhale kuti akunyengerera kuchita mantha
    
chikhumbo chenicheni, zizoloŵezi mokwanira malinga ndi malangizo ake.
    
Sutta iyi ili ndi tanthauzo la satisampajañña.
Mahānāma Sutta (AN 8.25) {excerpt} - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mahānāma amamufunsa Buddha kuti afotokoze zomwe ali wotsatira
wotsatila komanso kuti wotsatira wotsatira akuyenera kukhala wabwino.
Anuruddhamahāvitakka Sutta (AN 8.30) - zochepa chabe · mababu
    
Zisanu ndi ziwiri
    
malingaliro anzeru omwe alidi ofunika kumvetsa ndi kukumbukira kuchitika
    
kupita. Anuruddha. Buddha amabwera kwa iye kudzamuphunzitsa iye wachisanu ndi chitatu,
    
apatsidwa zomwe adzapindule nazo. Buda ndiye akufotokoza
    
mwatsatanetsatane tanthauzo la malingaliro amenewo.
Abhisanda Sutta (AN 8.39) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Nazi njira zisanu ndi zitatu zomwe ophunzira onse oyipa a Buddha amapanga ulemu waukulu kwa iwo okha.
Duccaritavipāka Sutta (AN 8.40) - zochepa zolemba · mavubu
    
Sutta iyi imalongosola mtundu wa mazunzo omwe munthu amavutika chifukwa chosasunga malamulo akuluakulu.
Saṅkhitta Sutta (AN 8.53) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Buddha amapereka pano kwa namwino wake wakale asanu ndi atatu
    
kusankha ngati mawu apatsidwa ndi a chiphunzitso chake kapena ayi,
    
zomwe zikhoza kukhala zothandiza masiku ano.
Dīghajāṇu Sutta (AN 8.54) {excerpt} - malemba omveka
    
Pakati pazinthu zina, Buddha amamasulira mndandanda uwu zomwe amatanthauza mwaulere.
Vimokkha Sutta (AN 8.66) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Kufotokozera za vimokkhas eyiti (kumasulidwa).
Parihāna Sutta (AN 8.79) - popanda kumasulira
    
Buda adalongosola kuti ndi maina asanu ndi atatu omwe amachititsa kuti bhikkhu ayambe kuphunzitsidwa.

—— oooOooo ——

9. Navaka Nipāta

Nāga Sutta (AN 9.40) - malemba omveka
    
Sutta iyi, yofiira ndi nthabwala yonyenga, ikufotokoza momwe bhikkhu wa
    
Malingaliro otukuka ndi ofanana ndi njovu yokha, onse a iwo ali
    
nthawi zambiri amatchedwa Nāga.
Tapussa Sutta (AN 9.41) {excerpt} - malemba omveka
    
Apa saññā · vedayita · nirodha, kutha kwa saññā ndi vedanā kumaperekedwa monga jhāna yachisanu ndi chinayi.
Sikkhādubbalya Sutta (AN 9.63) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Chochita ngati wina sali wangwiro m’malamulo asanu.
Nīvaraṇa Sutta (AN 9.64) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Mmene mungachotsere zotsutsa zisanu.

—— oooOooo ——

10. Dasaka Nipāta

Saṃyojana Sutta (AN 10.13) - malemba omveka
    
Sutta yayifupi kwambiri imatchula saṃyojanas khumi.
Kasiṇa Sutta (AN 10.25) - mawu ndi mawu
    
Izi ndizofotokozedwa mwatsatanetsatane za zochitika pa 10 kasiṇas.
Girimānanda Sutta (AN 10.60) - yomasuliridwa bwino
    
Mu
    
kuti athandize Girimānanda kupulumuka ku matenda aakulu, Buddha
    
amapereka chiphunzitso chachikulu kupenda mitundu khumi ya malingaliro othandiza kwambiri
    
zomwe zingatheke.
Kathāvatthu Sutta (AN 10.69) {excerpt} - malemba omveka
    
Buddha amakumbutsa bhikkhus zomwe sayenera kunena ndi zomwe ayenera kunena.
Cunda Sutta (AN 10.176) - zina zambiri · mababu
    
Buddha akufotokozera tanthawuzo lakuya la chiyero, mu kāya, vācā ndi
mana, osati mu miyambo kapena miyambo ndipo amasonyeza kuti kale lomwe
limakhala lokhazikika pamapeto pake, lomwe lingakhale losadziwika bwino.

—— oooOooo ——

11. Kuwonjezera Nipata

30/03/2555

Mettā Sutta (AN 11.15) - zochepa zolemba · mababu
    
Zotsatira khumi ndi zisanu ndi zitatu zabwino zomwe zimachokera ku mchitidwe wa mettā.

—— oooOooo ——



https://scroll.in/…/what-explains-the-bjps-animosity-toward…

A statue of a leader, who’s dead and gone, carries primarily a symbolic value, apart from artistic.

Nevertheless, desecration or destruction of one goes beyond symbolic.
It tells us of the ideology driving the act and the socio-political policies that it portends.


Periyar was a staunch atheist. One of his main aims was to eradicate
religion and religious beliefs. “There is no god, there is no god, there
is no god at all,” he once famously said. “He who invented god is a
fool. He who propagates god is a scoundrel. He who worships god is a
barbarian.”

God never created anything. It is the human being who
created cores of gods which is like a blind man searching for a black
cat in a dark room which is not there.

A threat to bring down the
statues of social reformer Periyar in Tamil Nadu has caused outrage
among various political parties espousing the Dravidian ideology.


Two men were arrested for vandalising a statue of social reformer EV
Ramasamy, also known as Periyar, in Thirupattur near Tamil Nadu’s
Vellore, local media channels reported. The two accused are believed to
have pelted stones at the statue.

Earlier in the day, the BJP had
found itself embroiled in yet another controversy as party leader H
Raja said that after Lenin’s statue was bulldozed to the ground in
Tripura, the next target would be the statues of Periyar, who founded
one of the first dravidian parties in Tamil Nadu, the Dravidar Kazhagam.
In a Facebook post, the BJP national secretary said:

“…Tamil Nadu’s EVR Ramaswami’s [Periyar’s] statue will be …destroyed.”

People saw the reactions of how raja’s image was booted, hit with broom sticks and burnt.


Raja later deleted the Facebook post because of fear as Periar had
once said ” If you see a poisonous snake and a a brahmin leave the snake
and attack the brahmin.

Ehhi (Naga) Raja coiled around the neck of Rowdy Rakshasa Swayam Sevak (RSS) cheap Mogan Bagavat asked Dravida sowkiyama ?


However, Tamil Nadu BJP spokesperson Narayanan Tirupathi told News 18
that hindutva cult outfits had been demanding that Periyar’s statues be
removed for a long time.

Archival photographs of Periyar depict
an elderly man with a flowing beard, round rimmed spectacles and
benevolent smile. But it was the radical philosophy of this mild-looking
man that laid the foundational principles of rationalism and social
equality in Tamil Nadu’s politics, that trickled down to the various
Dravidian parties that were protesting against the BJP leader’s
statement.

Born in 1879, EV Ramaswamy joined the Indian National
Congress, after resigning from various public posts he held in Erode
municipality, where he was born. But within a few years, he quit the
party, disillusioned about its ability and willingness to voice the
concerns of backward castes.



A threat to bring down the statues of social reformer Periyar in Tamil
Nadu has caused outrage among various political parties espousing the
Dravidian ideology.

Hardly a day after a statue of Russian
Communist leader Lenin in Tripura was toppled after the Bharatiya Janata
Party’s election victory in the state, two men were arrested for
vandalising a statue of social reformer EV Ramasamy, also known as
Periyar, in Thirupattur near Tamil Nadu’s Vellore, local media channels
reported. The two accused are believed to have pelted stones at the
statue.

Earlier in the day, the BJP had found itself embroiled in
yet another controversy as party leader H Raja said that after Lenin’s
statue was bulldozed to the ground in Tripura, the next target would be
the statues of Periyar, who founded one of the first dravidian parties
in Tamil Nadu, the Dravidar Kazhagam. In a Facebook post, the BJP
national secretary said:

“Who is Lenin? What is his
connection to India? What is the connection of Communists to India?
Lenin’s statue was destroyed in Tripura. Today Lenin’s statue, tomorrow
Tamil Nadu’s EVR Ramaswami’s [Periyar’s] statue.”

Following the
post, the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam announced protests against Raja and
the BJP in many parts of Tamil Nadu, reported The News Minute. While the
DMK leader MK Stalin demanded that Raja be arrested under the Goonda
Act, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam leader Vaiko warned that
anyone who touched Periyar’s statue “would have their hands chopped
off”.

Raja later deleted the Facebook post. The BJP spokesperson
Tamilisai Soundararajan said that Raja was expressing his personal
opinion, reported The Indian Express.

However, Tamil Nadu BJP
spokesperson Narayanan Tirupathi told News 18 that Hindutva outfits had
been demanding that Periyar’s statues be removed for a long time.

But why does the BJP harbour such animosity towards Periyar?
Party foundations


Archival photographs of Periyar depict an elderly man with a flowing
beard, round rimmed spectacles and benevolent smile. But it was the
radical philosophy of this mild-looking man that laid the foundational
principles of rationalism and social equality in Tamil Nadu’s politics,
that trickled down to the various Dravidian parties that were protesting
against the BJP leader’s statement.

Born in 1879, EV Ramaswamy
joined the Indian National Congress, after resigning from various public
posts he held in Erode municipality, where he was born. But within a
few years, he quit the party, disillusioned about its ability and
willingness to voice the concerns of backward castes.

This was
when he joined the Self-Respect Movement, that worked towards
establishing social and gender equality by eradicating the societal
structure that placed one class or caste above another. Periyar later
headed the Justice party, which was formed in 1916 to represent the
interests of non-Brahmin castes both in politics and society, which were
under the influence of the powerful upper caste. He withdrew it from
electoral politics and turned it into a social reformist organisation,
the Dravidar Kazhagam, based on the principles of rationalism, women’s
rights and eradication of caste.

The Dravidar Kazhagam was the mother organisation of the state’s two most influential political parties

However, Tamil Nadu BJP
spokesperson Narayanan Tirupathi told News 18 that Hindutva outfits had
been demanding that Periyar’s statues be removed for a long time.

But why does the BJP harbour such animosity towards Periyar?
Party foundations


Archival photographs of Periyar depict an elderly man with a flowing
beard, round rimmed spectacles and benevolent smile. But it was the
radical philosophy of this mild-looking man that laid the foundational
principles of rationalism and social equality in Tamil Nadu’s politics,
that trickled down to the various Dravidian parties that were protesting
against the BJP leader’s statement.

Stones can be broken. Ideas can’t be.



This was
when he joined the Self-Respect Movement, that worked towards
establishing social and gender equality by eradicating the societal
structure that placed one class or caste above another. Periyar later
headed the Justice party, which was formed in 1916 to represent the
interests of non-Brahmin castes both in politics and society, which were
under the influence of the powerful upper caste. He withdrew it from
electoral politics and turned it into a social reformist organisation,
the Dravidar Kazhagam, based on the principles of rationalism, women’s
rights and eradication of caste.

The Dravidar Kazhagam was the
mother organisation of the state’s two most influential political
parties – the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam and the Dravida
Munnetra Kazhagam, as well as various splinter groups such as the
Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam, Thanthai Periyar Dravidar Kazhagam and
Dravidar Viduthalai Kazhagam.
Ideological differences

Periyar
was a staunch atheist. One of his main aims was to eradicate religion
and religious beliefs. “There is no god, there is no god, there is no
god at all,” he once famously said. “He who invented god is a fool. He
who propagates god is a scoundrel. He who worships god is a barbarian.”


This is one of the main reasons why the BJP and Periyarists would never
get along in any respect, said A Marx, a writer and human rights
activist. “The BJP and Periyarists are natural enemies,” he said.


While the BJP (Brashtachar Jiyadha Psychopaths) is remotely controlled
by just 0.1% intolerant, cunning, crooked, number one terrorists of the
world, violent, militant, ever shooting, lynching, lunati, mentally
retarded Paradesi Beni Israeli stealth, shadowy, discriminatory hindutva
cult with an ideology that seeks to establish manusmriti primacy
believing that the chitpavan brahmins are 1st rate athmsa (souls), the
kshatrias, vysias, shudras as 2nd, 3rd, 4th rate souls andthe aboriginal
inhabitants the ati shudras including SC/STs/OBCs/Converted Relifious
Minorities as having no souls at all and therefore to inflict all
sortys of atrocities on them. Periyarists advocated a secular state. The
Dravidar Kazhagam denounced the basic tenets of hindutva cult. 99.9% of
Sarvajan Samaj wanted the 0.1 % chitpavan brahmins to be treated in
mental asylums for their practice of hatred, anger, jealousy and
delusion which are defilement of the mind.

This is the reason why
BJP leader H Raja is provoking everybody. No leader in Tamil Nadu
speaks like him, inciting hate and violence. This is very abnormal
attitude requiring mental treatment in a mental asylum.


Periyar said that those who worshipped god were barbarians.
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