Analytic Insight Net - FREE Online Tipiṭaka Research and Practice University and related NEWS through 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org 
in
 105 CLASSICAL LANGUAGES
Paṭisambhidā Jāla-Abaddha Paripanti Tipiṭaka Anvesanā ca Paricaya Nikhilavijjālaya ca ñātibhūta Pavatti Nissāya 
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org anto 105 Seṭṭhaganthāyatta Bhāsā
Categories:

Archives:
Meta:
February 2018
M T W T F S S
« Jan    
 1234
567891011
12131415161718
19202122232425
262728  
02/04/18
36 Classical Hausa-Hausa Hausa
Filed under: General, Vinaya Pitaka, Sutta Pitaka, Abhidhamma Pitaka, Tipiṭaka, ಅಭಿಧಮ್ಮಪಿಟಕ, ವಿನಯಪಿಟಕ, ತಿಪಿಟಕ (ಮೂಲ)
Posted by: @ 10:35 pm

36 Classical Hausa
36 Hausa Hausa

2523 Mon 5 Feb 2018 LONSON

Mene ne BITTANTA PIoteAKA?
Suttanta Piṭaka shine tarin dukkanin jawabin
da Buddha ta gabatar a lokuta daban daban. Bayan ‘yan
jawabai da wasu daga cikin almajiran da suka bambanta suka gabatar
Buddha, irin su Sariputta mai girma, Mahā Moggallāna, Mai girma
Ānanda da dai sauransu, da kuma wasu labarun, an haɗa su cikin littattafai
na Suttanta Piṭaka. Harshen Buddha sun taru
a cikin Suttanta Piṭaka an ba da su ga al’amuran daban-daban
masu sauraren daban daban da yanayi daban-daban. Kodayake jawabai
an fi mayar da hankali don amfanin bhikkhus kuma suyi hulɗa da
yin aikin rayuwa mai tsabta tare da bayanan koyarwar,
akwai kuma wasu maganganun da suka shafi batun da kuma
ci gaba na halin kirki na almajirin almarar.

Suttanta Piṭaka ya fito da ma’anar Buddha
koyarwa, bayyana su a sarari, da karewa da kuma kiyaye su daga
murdiya da kuskure. Kamar layi wanda ke aiki a matsayin
layin layi don jagorancin masassaƙa a cikin aikin su, kamar launi
wanda ke kare furanni daga watsewa ko tarwatsa lokacin da ya suma
tare da shi, kamar haka ta hanyar suttas ma’anar Buddha
koyarwar za a iya fitowa fili, ganewa da fahimta daidai,
kuma an ba cikakken kariya daga kuskure.

Suttanta Piṭaka ya kasu kashi biyar da aka ware da ake kira nikāyas. Su ne Dīgha Nikāya, Majjhima Nikāya, Saokwayutta Nikāya, Aṅguttara Nikāya, da Khuddaka Nikāya.

Ayyuka da Ayyuka a cikin koyarwar Buddha

A cikin Suttanta Piṭaka ba a samo asali ba ne kawai
Dhamma amma kuma jagororin da ake amfani dashi don yin mahimmanci Dhamma
da kuma dace da rayuwar yau da kullum. Duk lokuta da ayyuka da suka samo asali
hanyoyi a cikin hanyar addinin Buddha na Ƙasa guda takwas suna jagoranci zuwa ruhaniya
tsarkakewa a matakai uku:

Sīla-halin kirki ta hanyar halayen kirki.

Samādhi-tsarki ta hankali ta hanyar zato (samatha).

Paññā-tsarki na basira ta hanyar Vipassana tunani.

Da farko tare da ɗaya dole ne yin ƙuduri mai kyau don neman mafaka
a cikin Buddha, ya bi koyarwar Buddha kuma ya jagoranci ta
Sangha. Na farko almajiran da suka furta bangaskiya cikin
Buddha kuma sunyi kansu don bin koyarwarsa su biyu ne
‘yan’uwa’ yan kasuwa, Tapussa da Bhallika. Suna tafiya tare da su
mabiya a cikin karusai ɗari biyar lokacin da suka ga Buddha a cikin
kusa da bishiyar bishiya bayan haskakawarsa. ‘Yan kasuwa guda biyu
miƙa shi zuma shinkafa da wuri. Karɓar kyautar su kuma ta haka karya
da azumi da ya sanya kansa a mako bakwai, Buddha ya yi
su almajiransa ta hanyar bari su karanta bayansa:

Buddhazanni Saranaivent Gacchmi (Na shiga tsari ga Buddha)

Dhammaitai Saranaivent Gacchmi (Na shiga mafaka a Dhamma)

Wannan karatun ya zama ma’anar bangaskiya cikin
Buddha da koyarwarsa. Daga baya lokacin da Sangha ya kafa
An ƙaddamar da wannan maƙasudin don haɗawa da na uku:

Saṅghaśana Saranaokwa Gacchmi (Na yi hijira a Sangha)

A kan hanyar da za a ba da sadaka

A matsayin matakan da za a iya amfani dasu da sauri
mutane a kowane bangare na rayuwar Buddha sun ba da jawabi akan sadaka
yin bayani game da dabi’unsa, da kuma hanya mai kyau da halin kirki na
tunani da abin da za a yi hadaya don amfanin ruhaniya.

Abinda ke motsawa a cikin aikin sadaka shine kullun, da
za su ba. Aminci shine aiki mai ban mamaki wanda ya fito ne kawai daga
samfurin. Ba tare da yardar da za a bayar babu wani aiki ba. Volition
don bayar da sadaka na nau’i uku:

(1) Jirgin da ya fara da tunanin “Zan yi
miƙa “kuma yana wanzu a lokacin lokacin shirye-shirye don yin
da sadaukarwa: pubba ceto (ƙwaƙwalwa kafin aiki).

(2) Jirgin da ya taso a lokacin yin hadaya yayin miƙa shi ga mai karɓa: muñca cetanā (jujjuya a yayin aiki).

(3) Jirgin da ke tattare da farin ciki da farin ciki wanda ya tashi
yayin tunawa akai-akai ko tunani game da aikin bawa: apara ceanā (bidiyon bayan aiki).
Ko dai an bayar da sadaukarwa ga girmama Buddha mai rai ko
zuwa wani ɓangare na minti daya daga cikin relics bayan ya wucewa, shi ne
kwarewa, ƙarfinsa da tsarki, wanda ke ƙayyade yanayin
sakamakonsa.

Hakanan yayi magana akan halin da ba daidai bane da abin da ba’a yi ba.

Dole ne mai bayarwa ya guje wa kallon wasu da basu iya yin ba
irin wannan sadaukarwa ko ya kamata ya tuna da sadakarsa. An lalata ta
Irin wannan tunani maras kyau ya yi amfani da shi ne kawai.

Lokacin da aikin sadaka yana motsawa ta tsammanin
sakamako masu amfani na wadataccen arziki da farin ciki ko sake haifuwa a ciki
mafi girma halayen da ake biyo bayan yin amfani da shi a matsayin mediocre.


Akwai misalai masu yawa a cikin jawabi game da sadaka da kuma hanyoyi na bada sadaka.

Kyakkyawan Ɗaukaka ta Hanyar Dama: Sali

Yin amfani da sīla ya zama wani muhimmin al’amari na
Koyarwar Buddha. Ya ƙunshi yin Magana Dama, Dama
Ayyuka, da Dama na Dama don tsaftace kanka daga abubuwa mara kyau, kalmomi da
tunani. Tare da sadaukar da ‘Yan Gudun Hijira Uku (as
da aka bayyana a sama) almajiri mai bi yana kiyaye dokoki guda biyar ta hanyar yin hakan
bin alƙawari na hakika:

(1) Na yi ƙoƙarin kiyaye ka’idar dakatar da kisan.

(2) Na yi ƙoƙarin kiyaye ka’idar dakatar da sata.

(3) Na yi ƙoƙarin kiyaye ka’idodin kauce wa rashin kuskuren jima’i.

(4) Na yi ƙoƙari na kiyaye ka’idodin kaucewa daga ƙarya.

(5) Na yi ƙoƙarin kiyaye ka’idojin shan giya, magungunan magunguna ko abubuwan shan giya da suke damuwa da hankali.

Bugu da ƙari, abin da ba daidai ba ne game da wannan samfurin wanda ya jaddada abstinence, akwai kuma kyakkyawan sifa na sili.
Alal misali, zamu samu a cikin kalaman da yawa: “Yana dagewa
daga kisan, yana ƙyatar da cudgel da takobi; cike da alheri da
tausayi yana rayuwa ga jin dadi da farin ciki na dukkan abubuwa masu rai. “
Kowane dokoki da aka shimfiɗa a cikin tsari yana da waɗannan al’amurran biyu.

Dangane da mutum da kuma mataki na ci gaban mutum,
wasu siffofin dokoki (misali dokoki guda takwas, dokoki guda goma) na iya zama
lura. Don bhikkhus na tsari mafi girma da kuma ci gaba iri
ayyuka na halin kirki suna dage farawa. Dokokin guda biyar su zama koyaushe
lura da almajiran almajirai, waɗanda zasu iya inganta su a wasu lokatai
kwarewar kai ta hanyar bin dokoki takwas ko goma. Ga wadanda suke da
riga ya fara tafiya a kan hanyar rayuwa mai tsarki ka’idodi goma
muhimmiyar mahimmanci don cigaba da ci gaba.

Sīla na cikakkiyar tsarki yana zama tushe don ci gaba na gaba, tsarkin samaniya ta hanyar tunani mai zurfi.

Hanyar Gaskiya na Cultivation Mental for Development of Concentration: Samādhi

Kayan daji na tunani na ruhaniya yana kunshi matakai biyu.
Mataki na farko shi ne ya tsarkake hankali daga duk ƙazantar da cin hanci da rashawa
kuma don mayar da hankali a kan wani abu. Ɗaukaka ƙoƙari (Dama
Ƙoƙari) dole ne a sanya shi don ya rage girman tunani a cikin
tsai da hankali, rashin hankali. Sa’an nan kuma hankali (Dama Mindfulness ko
Haƙuri) dole ne a gyara a kan abin da aka zaɓa daga cikin tunani har sai da
Zamu iya yin tunani guda daya (Dama Dama). A irin wannan
Jihar, hankali yana da ‘yanci daga kariya, tsabta, kwanciyar hankali, iko
da haske. Yanzu sai a shirye don ci gaba zuwa mataki na biyu wanda za’a iya
samun fahimta da furewa domin yada halin rashin tausayi da baƙin ciki.

Suttanta Piṭaka ya rubuta wasu hanyoyi masu yawa na tunani
gabatar da hankali ɗaya. Wadannan hanyoyi na tunani ne
warwatsa a ko’ina cikin suttas na Piṭaka kuma an bayyana ta
Buddha wani lokaci sau ɗaya, wani lokacin kuma, don dacewa da wannan lokaci
da kuma dalilin da aka ba da shawarar su. Buddha ya san
bambancin hali da ƙaddamar da tunanin mutum na kowane mutum da kuma
yanayi daban-daban da sha’awar waɗanda suka kusanci shi
shiriya. Haka kuma ya bada shawarar hanyoyin daban daban daban
mutane su dace da hali na musamman da kuma buƙatar kowane mutum.

Halin al’adun tunani wanda ke haifar da kyakkyawan tunani shine samādhi bhāvanā. Duk wanda yake so ya bunkasa samhādhi bhāvanā
dole ne an kafa shi a cikin kiyaye dokoki, tare da
hankalinsu sarrafawa, kwantar da hankula da kai kai, kuma dole ne a yarda.
Bayan an kafa shi a cikin wadannan sharuɗɗan hudu dole ne ya zaɓi wuri
dace da zuzzurfan tunani, wani wuri mai ɓoye. Sai ya zauna
kullin kafaɗa jikinsa ya kafa da tunaninsa; ya fara
yana tsarkake tunaninsa na hanyoyi biyar (sha’awar sha’awa, rashin tausayi;
lalata da kuma torpor; damuwa da damuwa; da shakka) ta zaɓar wani
Hanyar tunani ta dace da shi kuma yin yin tunani tare da himma
da kuma sha’awar. Misali, tare da hanyar Anapana ya rike kallon
numfashi mai shigowa da mai fita har sai ya iya gyara tunaninsa
a hankali a kan numfashi a tip na hanci.

Lokacin da ya fahimci cewa an kawar da hanyoyi biyar
ya zama mai farin ciki, farin ciki, kwanciyar hankali da farin ciki. Wannan shine farkon
na samādhi (ƙaddarar), wanda zai cigaba har sai ya sami cikakkiyar tunani.

Ta haka ne tunani guda daya mai hankali ne a lokacin da yake
yana sane da abu daya, kuma daya daga cikin yanayi mai kyau. Wannan shi ne
wanda aka samu ta hanyar yin tunani akan daya daga cikin batutuwa
shawarar da Buddha ya ba da shawarar.

Hanyar Gaskiya na Cultivation Dama don Ci Gaban Ilimin Kimiyya (Paññā)


Maganganun
tunani da hanyoyi kamar yadda aka koyar a cikin suttas na Piṭaka an
tsara su ne don samun samari da kuma ci gaba da ilimin ilimi, Vipassana
ñāṇa, a matsayin hanyar kai tsaye zuwa nibbana.
A matsayi na biyu a cikin yin nazarin tunani bayan kammala samari,
lokacin da hankali mai hankali ya zama tsarkakakke, tabbatacciya kuma marar damuwa,
mai daukar hoto yana jagorantar kuma yayi tunaninsa ga basirar ilimi (vipassanā-ñāṇa). Tare da wannan fahimtar ilimin ya fahimci abubuwa uku na duniya mai
ban mamaki: impermanence (anicca), wahala (dukkha) da wadanda ba kai ba
(anattā).

Yayinda yake cigaba da aikinsa kuma tunaninsa ya kara zama
mafi tsabta, tabbatacciya kuma marar damuwa, yana jagorantar kuma yayi tunani
ga ilimin nau’in halaye na dabi’a (asavakkhaya ñāṇa). Daga nan sai ya fahimci dukkha, hanyar dukkha, mutuwar dukkha da kuma hanyar da za ta kawo karshen dukkha. Har ila yau ya zo ya fahimci duk abin da ya shafi halayen dabi’un
(azabar) kamar yadda suke da shi, hanyar sabani, da katsewa da hanyoyi
da kuma hanyar da za a kawo ƙarshen jabu.

Tare da wannan ilimin ilimin na’avas ya zama
saki. Sanin ‘yanci ya taso a cikinsa. Ya san haka
sake haihuwa ba shine, cewa ya rayu cikin rayuwar mai tsarki. Ya aikata abin da ya
dole ya yi don ganin magga. Babu wani abu da zai iya yin hakan.

Buddha ya koyar tare da kawai abu guda-nauyin
wahala da kuma saki daga yanayin zama. Wannan abu zai iya zama
samo ta hanyar yin tunani (don kwantar da hankula da basira) kamar yadda aka kafa
sauka a yawancin suttas na Suttanta Piṭaka.
————————————————– ————–
Buddha na gargajiya (Ka’idoji na farkawa da sani) na cikin duniya, kuma kowa yana da ‘yanci na musamman:

shine mafi tasiri na makamashi na ilimi da kuma bincike da aka tsara
game da shafukan yanar gizo na fadada koyarwar wanda aka tada tare da
fahimtar Buddha da fasaha na fasaha-siyasa-zamantakewa da kuma tattalin
arzikin tattalin arzikin da miliyoyin mutane ke bi a duk faɗin duniya.

Komawa daidai fassarar darasi na wannan Jami’ar a cikin harshe ta daya
zuwa wannan Google Translate https://translate.google.com da kuma
yaduwa don zama Mai Ruwa Gila (Sottapanna) da kuma samun Gudun Muryar
Ciki a matsayin Goge na Ƙarshe.
Gizon Bincike na Neman Nazari - Cibiyar Nazarin Kasuwanci da Harkokin
Kasuwanci ta Lantarki ta yanar gizo ta Online Online ta hanyar
http://sarvajan.ambedkar.org a cikin 105 LANGUAGAN LITTAFI

http://www.tipitaka.org/eot

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RblJLKC-V8M&t=418s
Digha Nikaya 9 Sutta Kanada - Game da Ma’anar Sanin Farko Sashe na 1
Dhammaloka Suttas
An wallafa shi a ranar 11 ga watan Yuli, 2013
Category
Nonprofits & Kunnawa

Digha Nikaya 9 Sutta Kanada - Game da Ma’anar Sanin Farko Sashe na 1
youtube.com

Digha Nikaya: Harsuna Tsawon
A
Digha Nikaya, ko kuma “Tarin Harsuna Harshe” (Pali digha = “dogon”)
shi ne kashi na farko na Sutta Pitaka, kuma ya ƙunshi talatin da hudu
suttas, ƙungiya zuwa cikin uku, ko rarrabuwa:
accesstoinsight.org
Sutta Pitaka
    
A
    
tarin suttas, ko jawabai, wanda aka danganci Buddha da wasu
    
daga cikin almajiransa mafi kusa, waɗanda ke dauke da dukan koyarwar tsakiya na
    
Buddha Theravada. (Fiye da dubu sutta fassarori ne
    
samuwa a kan wannan shafin yanar gizon.) Suttas suna raba tsakanin biyar nikayas (collections):

        Digha Nikaya - “dogon tarin”

    https://www.youtube.com/watch…
    
buddha sabuwar song



https://www.youtube.com/watch…
Tibetan Morning Chant

Jose Luis Aristizabal
Published on Feb 9, 2015
Category
People & Blogs


comments (0)