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08/24/21
𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4072 Wed 25 Aug 2021 Mahaparinibbana and MahasatipatthanaSuttas in 84) Classical Romanian-Clasic romÃĒnesc, 87) Classical Sanskrit āĪ›āĨāĪēāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪšāĪēāĨ āĪ·āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĨ Happy to see work progressing for renovating Rohni Buddha Vihara. Wish all Buddhists Donate Liberally for the Good Cause. Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
Filed under: General, Theravada Tipitaka , Plant raw Vegan Broccoli, peppers, cucumbers, carrots
Posted by: site admin @ 5:18 am

𝓛𝓔ð“Ēð“Ē𝓞𝓝 4072 Wed 25 Aug 2021

Mahaparinibbana and MahasatipatthanaSuttas in
84) Classical Romanian-Clasic romÃĒnesc,
87) Classical Sanskrit āĪ›āĨāĪēāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪšāĪēāĨ āĪ·āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĨ

Happy to see work progressing for renovating Rohni Buddha Vihara. Wish all Buddhists Donate Liberally for the Good Cause.

Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One

Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.

𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē

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https://roundtableindia.co.in/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=9591:buddha-opposed-the-war-therefore-he-was-given-exile-as-a-punishment-unlike-the-myth-that-he-left-home-for-enlightenment&catid=119:feature&Itemid=132

Rohni River

Siddhārtha Gautama crossed this river in his return to Kapilavastu

The
Rohni or Rohini or Rohin River rises in the Chure or Siwalik Hills in
Kapilvastu and Rupandehi Districts of Nepal’s Lumbini Zone and flows
south into Uttar Pradesh state, Prabuddha Bhart. At Gorakhpur it becomes
a left bank tributary of West Rapti River, which in turn joins the
Ghāghara above Gaura Barhaj, then Ghaghara in turn joins the Ganges.

Kapilavatthu
(the town of the Sakyans) and Koli (the town of the Koliyans) were
situated on either side of the Rohini river. The cultivators of both
towns worked the fields watered by the Rohini river. One year, they did
not have enough rain and finding that the paddy and other crops were
beginning to shrivel up, cultivators on both sides wanted to divert the
water from the Rohini river to their own fields. Those living in Koli
said that there was not enough water in the river for both sides, and
that if only they could channel the water just once more to their fields
that would be enough for the paddy to mature and ripen. On the other
hand, people from Kapilavatthu argued that, in that case, they would be
denied the use of the water and their crops would surely fail, and they
would be compelled to buy from other people. They said that they were
not prepared to go carrying their money and valuables to the opposite
bank of the river in exchange for food. Both sides wanted the water for
their own use only and there was much ill will between them due to
abusive language and accusations on both sides. The quarrel that started
between the cultivators came to the ears of the ministers concerned,
and they reported the matter to their respective rulers, and both sides
prepared to go to war.
Looking
at the unending dispute between these groups, the rulers decided to
settle it for all time and decided to go to war. The chief commander of
Sakya kingdom proposed that war is the only ultimate solution for the
dispute. Ambedkar mentions what the commander said

Our
people have been attacked by the Koliyas and they had to retreat. Such
acts of aggression by the Koliyas have taken place more than once. We
have tolerated them so far. But this cannot go on. It must be stopped
and the only way to stop it is to declare war against the Koliyas. I
propose that the Sangh declare war on the Koliyas. Those who wish to
oppose speak.
While everybody was hesitant to speak on the matter Siddhartha Gautama spoke against the war. He said (Ibid):

I
oppose this resolution. War does not solve any question. Waging a war
will not serve our purpose. It will sow the seeds of another war. The
slayer gets a slayer in his turn; the conqueror gets one who conquers
him; a man who despoils is despoiled in his turn.

Since
both parties were involved in the dispute, he suggested that it is
possible to talk to each party. So blaming anyone is only creating
trouble. Instead of war, Gautama proposed that they could select certain
members from both the parties and settle the dispute. The Commander
opposed the proposed solution and then the Sangha went on to vote to
come to a common decision. Siddhartha’s solution lost the ground as the
majority opposed the idea. Noting the result of the vote he again
revolted and said, “I beg the Sangha not to accept the resolution. The
Sakyas and the Koliyas are close relations. It is unwise that they
should destroy each other”

Again
opposing Siddhartha, the Senapati brought out the idea of the dharma of
Kshatriyas, saying that it is to fight for the sake of their kingdom,
just as the dharma of the Brahmins was to perform rituals, Vaishyas to
do business and Shudras to provide services. Siddhartha opposed this
idea and said that, as he understood the Dharma, enmity will never be
resolved by enmity. There were suggestions on whether Siddhartha should
be hanged, or sent to exile or his family should be boycotted.
Siddhartha requested them not to boycott his family socially and instead
give him whatever punishment. The Sangha did not hang him or give him
exile because it would have needed the permission of the King of Kosala.
So they decided to send Siddhartha away from his home. To avoid
difficulty Siddhartha himself chose to become Parivrajaka and left the
country. Siddhartha convinced the Sangha that it is a kind of exile too,
disappearing from home, never to return.

While
BJP government is obsessed with war to divert all attention of the
country from their failures, it is necessary for our people to not only
stay away from such government’s lies but also to speak against such
ideas of war and hate. Without touching the real problem, and never
bringing out solutions, the ruling castes i.e. Brahman and Baniya, try
to encash everything to further their political careers. We Dalit
Bahujans, as oppressed communities, must initiate the debate, which is
time and again buried by the ruling castes to satisfy the conscience of
majority Hindus. We must initiate the debate which Babasaheb had spoken
about without any fear, and the debate is the solution of Kashmir. The
government is misleading the nation in the name of terror and has
created a war-like situation. In a situation where warmongers like BJP,
RSS, and its allies provoke, create much false propaganda through media,
we Dalit Bahujans must remember that our war is against Brahmanism,
caste, and exploitation by upper castes.

Living
are not those who will fight against their enemy with destruction,
violence, and hate, but living are those who will win the world with the
idea of compassion and friendship are the lies uttered by Modi in front
of thousands of people including Buddhist monks and nuns in Delhi. The
same Modi and his government are waging war against Muslims, SC/STs,
Adivasis, and OBCs in the name of naxalism, in the name of nationalism,
in the name of the cow, and in the name of terrorism. Now BJP, RSS, and
their warmongering allies are creating a war-like situation between
Prabuddha Bharat and Pakistan. In this context, our people must not fall
in their trap. War on another territory is never in our history. In
fact, starting from Buddha to the Ambedkar, all have spoken against war
as a solution to any problem. It is important to remember that our
people have fought against warmongers in their life. This is a short
note on how the idea against war is very old in the egalitarian
philosophy of our history.

During
the 2007–2008 floods, after the nearby dam broke an estimated 28–35
people died when an overloaded rescue boat capsized on the flooded Rohni
River at Harakhpura village of Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh. There were
an estimated 85–90 passengers aboard the boat, which was only rated for
30 occupants. Most were women and children
river GIF

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Puna
ca·paraáđƒ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gacchanto vā ‘gacchāmÄŦ’ ti pajānāti, áđ­hito
vā ‘áđ­hitomhÄŦ’ ti pajānāti, nisinno vā ‘nisinnomhÄŦ’ ti pajānāti, sayāno
vā ‘sayānomhÄŦ’ ti pajānāti. Yathā yathā vā pan·assa kāyo paáđ‡ihito hoti,
tathā tathā naáđƒ pajānāti. â€Ļ

B. Section on postures

Furthermore,
bhikkhus, a bhikkhu, while walking, understands: ‘I am walking’, or
while standing he understands: ‘I am standing’, or while sitting he
understands: ‘I am sitting’, or while lying down he understands: ‘I am
lying down’. Or else, in whichever position his kāya is disposed, he
understands it accordingly. â€Ļ

Iti ajjhattaáđƒ vā kāye kāyānupassÄŦ
viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassÄŦ viharati, ajjhatta-bahiddhā vā
kāye kāyānupassÄŦ viharati; samudaya-dhamm·ānupassÄŦ vā kāyasmiáđƒ viharati,
vaya-dhamm·ānupassÄŦ vā kāyasmiáđƒ viharati, samudaya-vaya-dhamm·ānupassÄŦ
vā kāyasmiáđƒ viharati; ‘atthi kāyo’ ti vā pan·assa sati paccupaáđ­áđ­hitā
hoti, yāvadeva ÃąÄáđ‡a·mattāya paáđ­issati·mattāya,{1} a·nissito ca viharati,
na ca kiÃąci loke upādiyati. Evam·pi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye
kāyānupassÄŦ viharati. â€Ļâ€Ļâ€Ļ

Thus he dwells observing kāya in kāya
internally, or he dwells observing kāya in kāya externally, or he dwells
observing kāya in kāya internally and externally; he dwells observing
the samudaya of phenomena in kāya, or he dwells observing the passing
away of phenomena in kāya, or he dwells observing the samudaya and
passing away of phenomena in kāya; or else, [realizing:] “this is kāya!”
sati is present in him, just to the extent of mere ÃąÄáđ‡a and mere
paáđ­issati, he dwells detached, and does not cling to anything in the
world. Thus, bhikkhus, a bhikkhu dwells observing kāya in kāya. â€Ļ

āŪŪāŊ‡āŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ,āŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ‡,āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪŠāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ, āŪĻāŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊŠāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊ, ‘āŪĻāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪĻāŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊ‡āŪĐāŊâ€™,āŪŽāŪĐ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ.āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪą āŪŠāŊŠāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊ, ‘āŪĻāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ
āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊ‡āŪĐāŊâ€™, āŪŽāŪĐ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ:āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪ‰āŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪą
āŪŠāŊŠāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊ, ‘āŪĻāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪ‰āŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊ‡āŪĐāŊâ€™, āŪŽāŪĐ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ: āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ
āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪą āŪŠāŊŠāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊ, ‘āŪĻāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊ‡āŪĐāŊâ€™,āŪŽāŪĐ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ
āŪ…āŪąāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ: āŪĪāŪĩāŪŋāŪ° āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ kāya āŪ‰āŪŸāŪēāŊāŪ…āŪŪāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊāŪĻāŪŋāŪēāŊˆ āŪŽāŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪ• āŪĪāŊ€āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊ
āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ‹ āŪ…āŪĪāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪ°āŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪūāŪ°āŊ.

āŪ‡āŪĩāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪąāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ kāya in kāya
āŪ‰āŪŸāŪēāŊ/āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪģāŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŋ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ, āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ
āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪģāŪŋāŪŊāŊ‡ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŋ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ, āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ•āŪūāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ
āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŊ‡ āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪģāŪŋāŪŊāŊ‡ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŋ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ;āŪŠāŊāŪēāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊāŪ•
āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŋ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ, āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪēāŪĐāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊˆ
āŪ•āŪŸāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪšāŊ†āŪēāŊāŪēāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪ•āŪūāŪĢāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ; āŪ‡āŪēāŊāŪēāŪūāŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŪŋāŪēāŊ
āŪŽāŪšāŊāŪšāŪ°āŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪą āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŊ āŪ‰āŪŸāŪĐāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊˆ,āŪšāŊāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪū āŪĩāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ“āŪ°āŊāŪ…āŪģāŪĩāŊ āŪžāŪūāŪĐāŪŪāŊ
āŪŪāŪąāŊāŪąāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ“āŪ°āŊāŪ…āŪģāŪĩāŊ paáđ­issati āŪŽāŪĐ āŪŽāŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪŋ āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŪąāŊ āŪĩāŪūāŪšāŪŪāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ°āŊ.

“āķ‰āķŧā·’āķšā·āķīāķŪ ā·ƒā·„ ā·ƒāķļā·ŠāķīāķĒāķĪā·ŠāķĪ āķ·ā·ā·€āķąā·ā·€” | Iriyapatha & sampajanna bhawana | 2018.01.29
Ven. Alawwe Anomadassi Thero
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āķ†āķŧā·Šāķš ā·ƒāķ­ā·Šâ€āķšāķš ā·€ā·’ā·€āķŧāķŦāķš - “āķ‰āķŧā·’āķšā·āķīāķŪ ā·ƒā·„ ā·ƒāķļā·ŠāķīāķĒāķĪā·ŠāķĪ āķ·ā·ā·€āķąā·ā·€” | āķ°āķŧā·Šāķļ ā·ƒā·āķšāķ ā·ŠāķĄā·ā·€ā·™ā·„ā·’ āķīāķ§ā·’āķœāķ­ āķšā·’āķŧā·“āķļ | 2018.01.29
āķīā·–āķĒā·Šâ€āķš
āķ…āķ―ā·€ā·Šā·€ā·š āķ…āķąā·āķļāķŊā·ƒā·Šā·ƒā·’ ā·ƒā·Šā·€ā·āķļā·’āķąā·Š ā·€ā·„āķąā·Šā·ƒā·š, 2018 āķĒāķąā·€ā·āķŧā·’ 29 ā·€āķą āķŊā·’āķą “āķ‰āķŧā·’āķšā·āķīāķŪ ā·ƒā·„
ā·ƒāķļā·ŠāķīāķĒāķĪā·ŠāķĪ āķ·ā·ā·€āķąā·ā·€” āķīā·’ā·…ā·’āķķāķŊā·€ āķ…āķąā·Šāķ­āķŧā·ŠāķĒā·āķ―āķš āķ”ā·ƒā·Šā·ƒā·š āķīā·ā·€ā·āķ­ā·Šā·€ā·– āķ°āķŧā·Šāķļ ā·ƒā·āķšāķ ā·ŠāķĄā·ā·€
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“āķ‰āķŧā·’āķšā·āķīāķŪ ā·ƒā·„ ā·ƒāķļā·ŠāķīāķĒāķĪā·ŠāķĪ āķ·ā·ā·€āķąā·ā·€” | Iriyapatha & sampajanna bhawana | 2018.01.29


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*āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊˆ āŪšāŊˆāŪĪāŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‡āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪĻāŊ€āŪĪāŪŋ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪŪāŊˆ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪĩāŪēāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ 79āŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪĪ āŪŠāŊŒāŪ°āŊāŪĢāŪŪāŪŋ āŪĩ
āŪšāŊ†āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŊˆ āŪšāŊˆāŪĪāŪūāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‡āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪĻāŊ€āŪĪāŪŋ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪ‡āŪŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆāŪŪāŊˆ āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪĩāŪēāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ 79āŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪĪ āŪŠāŊŒāŪ°āŊāŪĢāŪŪāŪŋ āŪĩāŪŋāŪīāŪū āŪĻāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪąāŪĪāŊ.āŪ‡āŪĪāŪŋ…..



Rohni River
Siddhārtha Gautama crossed this river in his return to Kapilavastu
The
Rohni or Rohini or Rohin River rises in the Chure or Siwalik Hills in
Kapilvastu and Rupandehi Districts of Nepal’s Lumbini Zone and flows
south into Uttar Pradesh state, Prabuddha Bhart. At Gorakhpur it becomes
a left bank tributary of West Rapti River, which in turn joins the
Ghāghara above Gaura Barhaj, then Ghaghara in turn joins the Ganges.
Kapilavatthu
(the town of the Sakyans) and Koli (the town of the Koliyans) were
situated on either side of the Rohini river. The cultivators of both
towns worked the fields watered by the Rohini river. One year, they did
not have enough rain and finding that the paddy and other crops were
beginning to shrivel up, cultivators on both sides wanted to divert the
water from the Rohini river to their own fields. Those living in Koli
said that there was not enough water in the river for both sides, and
that if only they could channel the water just once more to their fields
that would be enough for the paddy to mature and ripen. On the other
hand, people from Kapilavatthu argued that, in that case, they would be
denied the use of the water and their crops would surely fail, and they
would be compelled to buy from other people. They said that they were
not prepared to go carrying their money and valuables to the opposite
bank of the river in exchange for food. Both sides wanted the water for
their own use only and there was much ill will between them due to
abusive language and accusations on both sides. The quarrel that started
between the cultivators came to the ears of the ministers concerned,
and they reported the matter to their respective rulers, and both sides
prepared to go to war.
Looking
at the unending dispute between these groups, the rulers decided to
settle it for all time and decided to go to war. The chief commander of
Sakya kingdom proposed that war is the only ultimate solution for the
dispute. Ambedkar mentions what the commander said
Our
people have been attacked by the Koliyas and they had to retreat. Such
acts of aggression by the Koliyas have taken place more than once. We
have tolerated them so far. But this cannot go on. It must be stopped
and the only way to stop it is to declare war against the Koliyas. I
propose that the Sangh declare war on the Koliyas. Those who wish to
oppose speak.
While everybody was hesitant to speak on the matter Siddhartha Gautama spoke against the war. He said (Ibid):
I
oppose this resolution. War does not solve any question. Waging a war
will not serve our purpose. It will sow the seeds of another war. The
slayer gets a slayer in his turn; the conqueror gets one who conquers
him; a man who despoils is despoiled in his turn.
Since
both parties were involved in the dispute, he suggested that it is
possible to talk to each party. So blaming anyone is only creating
trouble. Instead of war, Gautama proposed that they could select certain
members from both the parties and settle the dispute. The Commander
opposed the proposed solution and then the Sangha went on to vote to
come to a common decision. Siddhartha’s solution lost the ground as the
majority opposed the idea. Noting the result of the vote he again
revolted and said, “I beg the Sangha not to accept the resolution. The
Sakyas and the Koliyas are close relations. It is unwise that they
should destroy each other”
Again
opposing Siddhartha, the Senapati brought out the idea of the dharma of
Kshatriyas, saying that it is to fight for the sake of their kingdom,
just as the dharma of the Brahmins was to perform rituals, Vaishyas to
do business and Shudras to provide services. Siddhartha opposed this
idea and said that, as he understood the Dharma, enmity will never be
resolved by enmity. There were suggestions on whether Siddhartha should
be hanged, or sent to exile or his family should be boycotted.
Siddhartha requested them not to boycott his family socially and instead
give him whatever punishment. The Sangha did not hang him or give him
exile because it would have needed the permission of the King of Kosala.
So they decided to send Siddhartha away from his home. To avoid
difficulty Siddhartha himself chose to become Parivrajaka and left the
country. Siddhartha convinced the Sangha that it is a kind of exile too,
disappearing from home, never to return.
While
BJP government is obsessed with war to divert all attention of the
country from their failures, it is necessary for our people to not only
stay away from such government’s lies but also to speak against such
ideas of war and hate. Without touching the real problem, and never
bringing out solutions, the ruling castes i.e. Brahman and Baniya, try
to encash everything to further their political careers. We Dalit
Bahujans, as oppressed communities, must initiate the debate, which is
time and again buried by the ruling castes to satisfy the conscience of
majority Hindus. We must initiate the debate which Babasaheb had spoken
about without any fear, and the debate is the solution of Kashmir. The
government is misleading the nation in the name of terror and has
created a war-like situation. In a situation where warmongers like BJP,
RSS, and its allies provoke, create much false propaganda through media,
we Dalit Bahujans must remember that our war is against Brahmanism,
caste, and exploitation by upper castes.
Living
are not those who will fight against their enemy with destruction,
violence, and hate, but living are those who will win the world with the
idea of compassion and friendship are the lies uttered by Modi in front
of thousands of people including Buddhist monks and nuns in Delhi. The
same Modi and his government are waging war against Muslims, SC/STs,
Adivasis, and OBCs in the name of naxalism, in the name of nationalism,
in the name of the cow, and in the name of terrorism. Now BJP, RSS, and
their warmongering allies are creating a war-like situation between
Prabuddha Bharat and Pakistan. In this context, our people must not fall
in their trap. War on another territory is never in our history. In
fact, starting from Buddha to the Ambedkar, all have spoken against war
as a solution to any problem. It is important to remember that our
people have fought against warmongers in their life. This is a short
note on how the idea against war is very old in the egalitarian
philosophy of our history.
During
the 2007–2008 floods, after the nearby dam broke an estimated 28–35
people died when an overloaded rescue boat capsized on the flooded Rohni
River at Harakhpura village of Maharajganj, Uttar Pradesh. There were
an estimated 85–90 passengers aboard the boat, which was only rated for
30 occupants. Most were women and children
river GIF
May be an image of tree, body of water and nature

No photo description available.



“āķ‰āķŧā·’āķšā·āķīāķŪ ā·ƒā·„ ā·ƒāķļā·ŠāķīāķĒāķĪā·ŠāķĪ āķ·ā·ā·€āķąā·ā·€” | Iriyapatha & sampajanna bhawana | 2018.01.29

Happy to see work progressing for renovating Rohni Buddha Vihara. Wish all Buddhists Donate Liberally for the Good Cause.

Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One

Let
us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber
ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the
world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to
Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals
Convention.

āŪŪāŊāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪĢāŪŋ āŪ•āŪūāŪēāŊˆ āŪĩāŪĢāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ
25-08-2021 (65 āŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪĻāŪūāŪģāŊ)

āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊ āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŊ
āŪŸāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŸāŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪŠāŪūāŪšāŪūāŪ•āŊ‡āŪŠāŊ

Dhamma 2.3.2

2. āŪ•āŪūāŪļāŊāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ…..

41.
“āŪŽāŪĐāŪĩāŊ‡, āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪāŪĐāŪŋāŪĐāŊâ€Œ āŪŪāŪĐāŪŪāŊâ€Œ āŪ’āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆ āŪĪāŊ€āŪšāŊâ€Œ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŪēāŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ†āŪĐ āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊâ€Œ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ
āŪĩāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĩāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŊˆāŪŊāŊˆ āŪĻāŊ€āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŊˆ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ
āŪ…āŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•, āŪĪāŊāŪąāŪĩāŊāŪĻāŪŋāŪēāŊˆ āŪāŪąāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ.” 

42. āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŪŋāŪĐāŊâ€Œ āŪ‰āŪ°āŊˆāŪŊāŊˆāŪ•āŊâ€Œ āŪ•āŊ‡āŪŸāŊāŪŸ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊâ€Œ āŪ°āŪŋāŪ·āŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊâ€Œ, āŪĪāŊ€ āŪĩāŪĢāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪĐāŊâ€Œ āŪŠāŪūāŪēāŊâ€Œ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ…āŪĐāŊˆāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŠāŊâ€Œ
āŪŠāŪąāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊâ€Œ āŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊ, āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŪŋāŪĐāŊâ€Œ āŪšāŊ€āŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪūāŪĩāŪĪāŪąāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊâ€Œ. 

43.
āŪŠāŪ•āŪĩāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ, āŪ•āŪūāŪļāŊāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŪāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŪŋāŪŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪ•
āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ. āŪāŪĐāŊ†āŪĐāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŪļāŊāŪŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŪĐāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĻāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊˆ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŪ°āŊ.
             -āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ

āŪŠāŊŒāŪĪāŊāŪĪ āŪ‡āŪŊāŪ•āŊāŪ• āŪ…āŪąāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪģāŊˆ āŪ…āŪ°āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ‹āŪĢāŪŪāŊ


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Research Study
‘I’ And The Ending of ‘I’
Cause-Effect (Paticca Samuppada)
PATICCASAMUPPADA
Paticcasamuppada
(the Law of Dependent Origination) is fundamental to the teaching of
the Buddha. Emphasizing its importance, the Buddha said :
Yo paticcasamuppadam passati,
so Dhammam passati.
Yo Dhammam passati,
so paticcasamuppadam passati. (1)
One who sees paticcasamuppada
sees the Dhamma.
One who sees the Dhamma
sees paticcasamuppada..
Paticcasamuppada
explains that samsara, the process of repeated existences, is
perpetuated by a chain of interconnected links of cause and effect ; it
also reveals the way of breaking this chain and putting an end to the
process. Man has been continuing in this Samsara since millenia -
through countless aeons-millenia upon millenia.
The Buddha said:
Tanhadutiyo puriso,
dighamaddhana samsaram
Itthabhavannathabhavam,
samsaram nativattati. (2)
The
man with craving as his companion has been flowing in the stream of
repeated existences from time immemorial. He comes into being,
experiences various types of miseries, dies again and again, and does
not put an end to this unbroken process of becoming.
This is samsara, the world of suffering, as explained by the Buddha. He further said:
Etamadinavam natva,
tanham dukkhassa sambhavam
Vitatanho anadano,
sato bhikkhu paribbaje. (3)
Rightly
understanding the perils of this process, realizing fully craving as
its cause, becoming free from craving and attachment, one should
mindfully lead the life of detachment.
Such an approach, he said, will have great benefit:
Nandi-samyojano loko,
vitakkassa vicaranam
Tanhaya vippahanena,
nibbanam iti vuccati. (4)
Pleasure
is the binding force in the world. Rolling thought processes are its
ever-changing base. With the complete eradication of craving, The state
called nibbana is attained.
These
statements made by the Buddha describe the nature of samsara, the state
of suffering, and the nature of Nibbana, the state of final
emancipation. But how can detachment be developed, and craving
eradicated?
This
is the practical aspect of Dhamma discovered by Siddhartha Gotama, the
realization that made him a Buddha (enlightened one), and that he in
turn revealed to the world by the doctrine of Paticcasamuppada.
According to this doctrine, twelve links form the wheel of becoming (bhava-cakka).
Paticca-samuppada
Anuloma
Avijja-paccaya sankhara;
sankhara-paccaya vinnanam;
vinnana-paccaya nama-rupam;
nama-rupa-paccaya salayatanam;
salayatana-paccaya phasso;
phassa-paccaya vedana;
vedana-paccaya tanha;
tanha-paccaya upadanam;
upadana-paccaya bhavo;
bhava-paccaya jati;
jati-paccaya jara-maranam
soka-parideva-dukha-
domanassupayasa sambhavanti;
evametassa kevalassa
dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti. (6)
Patiloma
Avijjaya tveva asesa viraga-
nirodha, sankhara-nirodho;
sankhara-nirodha vinnana-nirodho;
vinnana-nirodha nama-rupa-nirodho;
nama-rupa-nirodha salayatana-nirodho;
salayatana-nirodha phassa-nirodho;
phassa-nirodha vedana-nirodho;
vedana-nirodha tanha-nirodho;
tanha-nirodha upadana-nirodho;
upadana-nirodha bhava-nirodho;
bhava-nirodha jati-nirodho;
jati-nirodha jara-maranam
soka-parideva-dukkha-
domanassupayasa nirujjhanti;
evametassa kevalassa
dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti. (6)
Chain of Dependent Origin
Forward Order
Dependent on ignorance, reaction (conditioning) arises;
Dependent on reaction (conditioning), consciousness arises;
Dependent on consciousness, mind-body arise;
Dependent on mind-body, the six senses arise;
Dependent on the six senses, contact arises;
Dependent on contact, sensation arises;
Dependent on sensation craving and aversion arise ;
Dependent on craving and aversion, clinging arises ;
Dependent on clinging, the process of becoming arises ;
Dependent on the process of becoming, birth arises;
Dependent on the base of birth, ageing and death arise,
together with sorrow, lamentation, physical and mental sufferings and tribulations.
Thus arises this entire mass of suffering.
Reverse Order
With the complete eradication and cessation of ignorance, reaction (conditioning) ceases;
with the cessation of reaction (conditioning), consciousness ceases;
with the cessation of consciousness, mind-body cease;
with the cessation of mind-body, the six senses cease;
with the cessation of the six senses, contact ceases;
with the cessation of contact, seansation ceases;
with the cessation of sensation, craving and aversion cease;
with the cessation of craving and aversion, clinging ceases;
with the cessation of clinging, the process of becoming ceases;
with the cessation of the process of becoming, birth ceases;
with the cessation of birth, ageing and death cease, together
with sorrow, lamentation, physical and mental sufferings and tribulations.
Thus this entire mass of suffering ceases.
In
other words, the origin of each link depends upon the preceding one. As
long as this chain of twelve causal relations operates, the wheel of
becoming (bhava-cakka) keeps turning, bringing nothing but suffering.
This process of cause and effect is called anuloma-paticcasamuppada (the
Law of Dependent Origination in forward order). Every link of anuloma
results in misery (dukkha), as a result of avijja which is at the base
of every link. Thus the process of anuloma clarifies the first two Noble
Truths, dukkha-sacca (suffering), and samudaya-sacca (its origination
and multiplication).
We
have to emerge from this bhava-cakka of dukkha. Explaining how to do
so, the Buddha said that when any one of the links of the chain is
broken, the wheel of becoming comes to an end, resulting in the
cessation of suffering. This is called patiloma-paticcasamuppada (the
Law of Dependent Origination in reverse order) which clarifies the third
and fourth Noble Truths, nirodha-sacca (the cessation of suffering),
and nirodha-gamini- patipada-sacca (the path that leads to the cessation
of suffering). How can that be achieved? Which link of the chain can be
broken?
Through
deep insight, the Buddha discovered that the crucial link is vedana. In
the anuloma-paticcasamuppada, he says “vedana-paccaya tanha'’ (with the
base of sensation, craving and aversion arise). Vedana is the cause of
tanha, which gives rise to dukkha. In order to remove the cause of
dukkha or tanha; therefore, one must not allow vedana to connect with
tanha; in other words, one must practise Vipassana meditation at this
juncture so that avijja becomes vijja or panna (wisdom). One has to
observe vedana, to experience and to comprehend the truth of its arising
and passing away, i.e., anicca.
Through
Vipassana (the observation of the reality ‘as it is’), as one
experiences vedana properly, one comes out of the delusion of
nicca-sanna (perception of permanence) by the development of
anicca-bodha or anicca-vijja (the wisdom of impermanence) towards
vedana. This is practised by observing with equanimity, the arising and
passing away of vedana. With aniccabodha, the habit pattern of the mind
changes. Instead of the earlier pattern of vedana-paccaya tanha, through
anicca-vijja it becomes vedana paccaya panna (with the base of
sensation wisdom arises). As panna becomes stronger and stronger,
naturally the sanna and with it tanha, becomes weaker and weaker. The
process of the multiplication of suffering with the base of avijja then
becomes the process of the cessation of suffering, with vijja as the
base. As this process continues, a time comes where there is the
complete cessation of vedana as well as tanha: “vedana-nirodha tanha
nirodho” (with the cessation of sensation, craving and aversion cease).
This
state of emancipation is a state beyond mind-matter ; where both vedana
and sanna cease. One can experience this for a few seconds, minutes,
hours, or days when according to one’s own capacity, one becomes
established in nirodha-samapatti by practising Vipassana. After the
period of nirodha-samapatti (the attainment of cessation), when one
comes back to the sensual field of mind-matter, one again experiences
vedana. But now the whole habit pattern of the mind has been changed,
and continued observation leads to the stage where one does not generate
aversion or craving at all because the anusaya kilesa and the asava
(the deep-rooted mental impurities) are eradicated. In this way by the
breaking of one link, vedana, the whole process is shattered and the
wheel of repeated existence is broken completely.
If
we want to advance on the path of liberation, we have to work at the
level of vedana because it is here that the rotation of the wheel of
misery can be arrested. With vedana starts the turning of the
bhava-cakka (wheel of becoming), leading (because of avijja) to
vedana-paccaya tanha which causes suffering. This is the path which
ignorant persons (puthujjana) follow, since they react to vedana and
generate tanha. And from here also the Dhamma-cakka, (wheel of Dhamma)
or the wheel of cessation of suffering (dukkha-nirodha-gamini-patipada)
can start to rotate, leading to vedana-nirodha, tanha-nirodho: the end
of craving, as a result of anicca-vijja or panna, leading to the
cessation of suffering. This is the path which wise persons (sapanna)
follow by not reacting to vedana, because they have developed
anicca-bodha by the practice of Vipassana.
Many
of the contemporaries of the Buddha held the view that craving causes
suffering and that to remove suffering one has to abstain from the
objects of craving. In order to develop detachment, the Buddha tackled
the problem in a different way. Having learned to examine the depths of
his own mind, he realized that between the external object and the
mental reflex of craving is a missing link: vedana (sensation). Whenever
we encounter an object through the five physical senses or the mind, a
sensation arises; and based on the sensation, tanha arises. If the
sensation is pleasant we crave to prolong it, and if it is unpleasant we
crave to be rid of it. It is in the chain of Dependent Origination that
the Buddha expressed his profound discovery.
Phassa-paccaya vedana
Vedana-paccaya tanha. (5)
Dependent on contact, sensation arises.
Dependent on sensation, craving arises.
The
immediate cause for the arising of craving and of suffering is,
therefore, not something outside of us but rather the sensations that
occur within us. To free ourselves from craving and suffering we must
deal with this inner reality of sensations. Doing so is the practical
way to emerge from suffering. By developing anicca-vijja (the wisdom of
impermanence) we learn to cut the knots of our misery and witness the
true nature of Dhamma. Vedana then is the cause of our bondage when not
properly observed, as well as the means of our liberation when properly
observed by understanding the Dhamma, the law of paticcasamuppada.
References:
1. Majjhima-nikaya I, Nal. 241, PTS 191.
2. Suttanipata, verse 339, Nal. 383, PTS 139.
3. Ibid.,verse 340, Nal. 383, PTS 140.
4. Samyutta-nikaya I, Nal. 37, PTS 39; Suttanipata, verse 134, Nal. 436, PTS 202.
5. Vinaya, Mahavagga, Nal. 3, PTS 2.
6. Paticca Samuppada Sutta, Samyutta Nikaya, XII (I), 1
-BASED ON a VRI Research article, Sayagyi U Ba Khin Journal-VRI (Pg. 254-256)
NOTE
‘’The
law of patthana'’ of the Abhidhamma Pitaka is known as the ‘’law of
relations'’ or cause-effect and paticca samuppada can be more accurately
translated as ‘’law of dependent origination'’. There are 24 types of
relations, as explained in ‘’the law of ‘’patthana'’, on which
cause-effect are based. ‘hetu’ (condition) and kamma (karma) are 2 of
these 24 types. Sayagyi U Ba Khin has said: ‘’hetu is the condition of
the mind at one conscious moment of each karma action whether physical,
vocal or mental.
Each
karma therefore produces a condition of mind which is either moral,
immoral or neutral. (These are mental forces or Dhamma, the content of
mind is called dhamma). … All beings are subject to the law of karma.
As the karma comes out of the mind which is everchanging the effects of
karma must necessarily also be changing'’
-Pg 49-50 sayagyi U Ba Khin journal VRI
Details
can be studied from an Abhidhamma book or the discourse given by
Sayagyi on this in the Sayagyi Journal-VRI. All this is not for
intellectualization but it is ‘what is’ or self knowledge; This is
‘reading the book which is oneself’ with insight and ending all misery
and sorrow.
(Please
refer to the Dhamma teaching as quoted under ‘’Journey from sensations
to sacred-State beyond mind and matter'’/'’Nibbana-sacred-freedom'’ in
this study.)
There are 24 type of relations on which the fundamental principles of cause and effect in Buddhism are based.

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āĪĩāĪŊāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĪū āĪļāĪ™āĨāĪ–āĪūāĪ°āĪū, āĪ…āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŪāĪūāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪūāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĨ
IMPERMANENT ARE ALL COMPOUNDED THINGS
WORK OUT YOUR OWN SALVATION WITH DILIGENCE
Remembering Sayagyi U Ba Khin
My teacher, My Benefactor
-By Mr. S. N. Goenka
It
was eighteen years ago, my physicians in Burma advised me to get myself
treated in foreign countries; otherwise there was a danger of my
becoming a morphine addict. I was suffering from a severe type of
migraine since my childhood, the intensity and frequency of which had
increased with the years. Even the best doctor in Burma had no treatment
for it except that he administered a morphine injection whenever I
suffered from an attack which came about every fortnight. This was
certainly not a treatment. That is why they warned me that there was a
danger of my starting to crave for morphine; not because of the
headaches, but because of my gradual addiction to it.
On
their advice, I made a trip round the world and for months together was
under the treatment of some of the best doctors in Switzerland,
Germany, England, the United States and Japan. But it was all in vain.
It proved a sheer waste of time, money and energy. I returned no better.
At
this stage, my good friend (Kalyan Mitra) U Chan Htoon, who later
became a judge on the Supreme Court of the Union of Burma and President
of the World Fellowship of Buddhists, guided me to Sayagyi U Ba Khin. I
shall always remain grateful to him and shall keep on sharing with him
all the merits that I accumulate while treading this Noble Path.
My
first meeting with this saintly person, U Ba Khin, had a great impact
on me. I felt a great attraction towards him and the peace which
emanated from his entire being. I straight away promised him that I
would be attending one of
his
ten-day intensive Vipassana meditation courses in the near future. In
spite of this promise, I kept on wavering and hesitating for the next
six months, partly because of my scepticism about the efficacy of
meditation in curing my migraine which the best available medicine in
the world could not do, and partly because of my own misgivings about
Buddhism, having been born and brought up in a staunch, orthodox and
conservative Sanatani Hindu family. I had a wrong notion that Buddhism
was a pure nivriti-marg, a path of renunciation and had no real hope for
those who were not prepared to renounce the world. And I was certainly
not prepared to do so at the prime of my youth.
The
second misgiving was my deep attachment to Swadharma (one’s own
religion) and strong aversion to Paradharma (other religions) without
realizing what was Swadharma and what was Paradharma. I kept on
hesitating with these words of Bhagavadgita ringing in my ears:Swadbarme
Nidhanam shreyah paradharmo bhayavabah”. (“Better die in one’s own
Dharma because to follow another’s Dharma is perilous.”)
In
spite of these hesitations, there was something deep within me which
kept on pushing me towards that great saint; towards the Vipassana
Center at Inyamyaing, the Island of Peace, and towards that Noble Path
with which I must have had past acquaintance although I was unaware of
it then. Hence, after the monsoon was over, when the meditation courses
were resumed at the Center, I participated for ten days.
These
were the most illuminating days of my life. The migraine had proved a
blessing in disguise. A new Goenka was born. A second birth was
experienced in coming out of the shell of ignorance. It was a major
turning point in my life. Now I was on the straight path of Dhamma
without any blind alleys from which one has to retreat one’s steps. I
was on the royal road to real peace and happiness, to liberation and
emancipation from all sufferings and miseries.
All
the doubts and misgivings were gone. The physical suffering of migraine
was so trivial compared to the huge mass of invisible suffering in
which I was involved. Hence a relief from migraine was a mere
by-product. The self-introspection by Vipassana had shown me that my
whole being was nothing but a mass of knots and Gordian knots of
tensions, intrigues, malice, hatred, jealousy, ill-will, etc. Now I
realized my real suffering. Now I realized the deep rooted real causes
of my suffering. And here I was with a remedy that could totally
eradicate these causes, resulting in the complete cure of the suffering
itself. Here I was with a wonderful detergent which could clean all the
stains on my dirty psychic linen. Here I was with a hithero unknown
simple technique which was capable of untying all those Gordian knots
which I had kept on tying up ignorantly in the past, resulting all the
time in tension and suffering.
Walking
on this path, using this detergent, taking this medicine, practicing
this simple technique of Vipassana, I started enjoying the beneficial
results, here and now, in this very life. The Sanditthiko and Akaliko
qualities of Dhamma started manifesting themselves and they were really
fascinating to me, for like my teacher, I too had been a practical man
all my life, giving all the importance to the present.
Now
I was established on the path from which there is no looking back but a
constant march ahead. Not only my migraine was totally cured, but all
my misgivings about the Dhamma were also gone.
I
fully understood that a monk’s renounced life was certainly preferable
to achieve the goal with the least hindrance, but the householders’ life
was not an insurmountable barrier to the achievement. Millions upon
millions of householders in the past and present have benefited from
this Eightfold Noble Path which is equally good for the monks as well as
the householders, which is equally beneficial to young and old, man and
woman: verily, to all human beings belonging to any caste, class,
community, country, profession or language group. There are no narrow
sectarian limitations on this path. It is universal. It is for all human
beings for all times and all places. Because all human beings are
victims of the same illness manifesting itself in different ways and
forms, the remedy is therefore equally applicable to all the patients.
So I kept on benefiting from the Path even as a householder, discharging
my duties more successfully and efficiently. Now I fully realized what
was real Swadharma of Sila, Samadhi, and PaÃąÃąa, and getting away from
the paradharma of lobha, dosa, and moha.
In
a few years time a big change started manifesting in my life, in my
outlook, in my dealings with different situations. I started realizing
that the path does not teach us to run away from problems. It is not
ostrich-like escapism. We have to face the hard realities of the life
and it gives us the necessary strength to face them with peace and
equanimity of mind. It gives us an Art of Living – living harmoniously
with our own selves and with all those with whom we come in contact in
the social field. The gradual purification by this technique keeps on
making the mind calm, clear, and steady. It takes away the confusion and
cloudiness, the tensions and turmoils, the waverings and doubts of the
mind, as a result of which its capacity to work increases many-fold. We
start working more effectively and efficiently.
I
started noticing it in my own life. This came as a great boon to me in
my business life because my capacity to work efficiently had increased
tremendously. Sayagyi U Ba Khin was himself a brilliant example of this
achievement. His capabilities and integrity were exemplary. It was for
this reason that he was asked to hold more than one top executive post
simultaneously. At one time he was holding four such posts concurrently
and still gave record results. It was for this reason he was made to
keep on serving the various successive governments for twelve years
after the age of retirement at fifty-five.
His
life was a source of inspiration to his students including myself. He
held such important executive posts where he could have easily amassed
millions clandestinely in foreign banks. But that was not the way of
Dhamma.
That
was not the way of Dhamma Vihari U Ba Khin. He felt fully satisfied to
have left only a small cottage type house for his son and daughters as
the only saving of his honest earnings.
Neither
the inducement of money from dishonest traders, nor the threatening
pressures from the political bosses could deter him from taking right
decisions. There were many occasions in his life when he displeased the
business magnates of the country, his colleagues in the civil service
and so also his political bosses, the ministers in the cabinet because
he would not comply with their wishes which he found illegal and
immoral. Neither fear nor favour could shake him from taking right
decisions and actions in his mundane duties. Similarly, no illusion or
delusion, no hair-splitting controversies of the theoreticians, nor the
attraction of fame or aversion to defame could deter him from his
practice and teachings of the Dhamma in its pristine purity.
Besides
being an ideal government executive with outstanding ability and
integrity, he was a human teacher of the Noble Path. He conducted his
classes with immeasurable love and compassion for the students in spite
of his steellike rigidity for strict discipline. At the International
Meditation Center, he gave equal compassionate attention to the
ex-president of the country and a peon, to the judge of the Supreme
Court and a criminal.
Such
was U Ba Khin, a jewel amongst men. Such was my noble teacher who
taught me the art of a sane life. Such was my benefactor who made me
reap the rich harvest of Dhamma Ratana which has proved much more
valuable to me than all the material wealth that I had accumulated in my
business life. Such was my compassionate physician who cured not only
the illness of my head nerves, but also the illness of my psyche which
used to keep me tense and tormented my whole life.
It
was my great puÃąÃąa-parami indeed, that I was born and brought up in
Burma, the land of living Dhamma; that I came in contact with Sayagyi U
Ba Khin, the saintly exponent of the Noble Path; that I could avail
myself of his compassionate guidance and proximity, to practice the
Saddhamma continuously for fourteen years; that now I find myself in an
unexpected opportunity wherein I can gratefully serve my teacher in
fulfilling his lifelong cherished desire to spread the applied Dhamma to
the suffering humanity so that more and more people at large can get
Shanti-sukha, the peace and harmony that they badly need.
While
in Burma I had the privilege of sitting at his pious feet and
translating his words into Hindi language for his Indian students for
about ten years. It was indeed a sacred opportunity for me to have
remained so near to him and near to his infinite Metta waves. Then it so
happened that two and a half years ago I received a message from my
mother in Bombay that she was ill and when her condition deteriorated
she started calling me to come to see her.
The
Revolutionary Government of Burma was kind enough to grant me the
necessary passport valid for a visit and stay in India for a period of
five years. Hence, in June 1969, I came to Bombay, and with the
blessings of Sayagyi, I conducted the first course of Vipassana
meditation for the benefit of my mother, wherein thirteen others
participated, some known, and
others unknown, to
me. At the conclusion of the course, my mother was greatly relieved of
her illness and other participants were also immensely benefited. On
repeated requests from these participants and to serve further my old
ailing mother, I conducted a few more courses with the blessings of
Sayagyi and then the ball started rolling. Receiving requests from
different parts of India, I kept on moving and conducting course after
course from place to place, where not only local residents but people
from different parts of the world started participating All these
courses were conducted under the personal guidance and blessing of my
teacher. Even after his passing away one year ago, observing the
continued success of these courses, I get more and more convinced that
it is his Metta force which is giving me all the inspiration and
strength to serve so many people from different countries. Obviously the
force of Dhamma is immeasurable.
May
glory be to the Dhamma. May glory be to my country which preserved
Dhamma in its pristine purity for over two millennium. May glory be to
my teacher whose name will remain shining in the galaxy of all the
luminaries of the KammaΞΞh¹na tradition right from that great teacher of
teachers, the Tathagata Buddha, up to those of the present age.
May
the sunshine of Dhamma illuminate the entire world and dispel all the
darkness of ignorance. May all beings be benefitted by Dhamma. May they
be peaceful. May they be happy.
(Courtesy: The Maha Bodhi journal)


Thiru. Bikku Mouriyar Buddha, Member, State Minorities Commission,
UNDER RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT, 2005
Government of Tamil Nadu
STATE MINORITIES COMMISSION No. 735, LLA Building 3rd Floor Anna Salai, Chennai-600 002
The Contact Address of the Appellate Authority is given below:- D.RAVICHANDRAN., I.A.S.,
Member Secretary, State Minorities Commission, 735,
LLA Building (3rd Floor), Anna Salai,Chennai-2
Phone: 044-2851 0303
E.Mail ID. secretary55@ymail.com
Office Phone No. 044 – 2851 0303
Office Fax No. 044 – 2851 5255

“āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊ āŪšāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĐāŊˆ”
            —————————— 
                 ‘25-08-2021′

  
āŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŊāŪąāŊāŪą āŪ•āŪĩāŪĐāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪĻāŪŸāŊˆāŪŪāŊāŪąāŊˆāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĩāŪĐāŪŋāŪŸāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‰āŪŊāŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪąāŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪ‡āŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊ… āŪ‡āŪĐāŪŋāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪŪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪŪāŊ‡
āŪĪāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊ… āŪ…āŪĩāŊˆ āŪŠāŪĢāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪēāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪąāŊˆāŪĩāŊāŪąāŪūāŪŪāŪēāŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ.

   āŪ‰āŪąāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŪ°āŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ‹āŪ°āŊˆ āŪ‡āŪīāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊ, āŪšāŪūāŪĪāŪūāŪ°āŪĢ āŪ‡āŪīāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪīāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪēāŊ‡ āŪ‰āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪąāŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪīāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‡ āŪ•āŊŠāŪŸāŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ.

           - ‘āŪŠāŊ‡āŪ°āŪūāŪšāŪūāŪĐāŊ’ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪ°āŊ -
            _________

        # āŪŠāŪūāŪŠāŪūāŪšāŪūāŪ•āŊ‡āŪŠāŊ Dr B.R.āŪ…āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŊ‡āŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪ°āŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ “āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŊāŪšāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ” āŪĻāŊ‚āŪēāŊ, āŪĪāŊŠāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪŋ - 10 #
          

        - āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ -

- āŪŪāŪĐāŊ āŪļāŊāŪŪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŊˆ āŪŽāŪ°āŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪ°āŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŪāŊ -
                                ———-
āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ…..

  
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪĩāŪŋāŪ·āŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ•āŪĩāŪĐāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪģ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ‡āŪĐāŪŋ āŪŽāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪĩāŊŠāŪ°āŊ
āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪĐāŊāŪŪāŊ… āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐ āŪĩāŪŋāŪēāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĪāŊ‹āŪēāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪ°āŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪĩāŊ‹
āŪ…āŪēāŊāŪēāŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŪĐāŊ āŪ…āŪīāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ‹āŪĐ āŪ‰āŪŸāŪēāŊˆ āŪ…āŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪąāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĩāŊ‹ āŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊ “āŪŪāŪđāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŪūāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊ”
āŪĪāŊ€āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĪāŊ€āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪĻāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪ•āŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ.

  
āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŊ‡ āŪšāŊāŪŊāŪŪāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪĪāŪĐāŪŋāŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪ‰āŪĢāŪ°āŊāŪĩāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŪŋ
āŪĩāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊ āŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪēāŪūāŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪĻāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŊ āŪ“āŪ°āŊ āŪ‰āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪ°āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ
āŪĪāŪūāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪĪāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪ°āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪĪāŪūāŪĐ āŪĻāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ
āŪ‰āŪīāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ āŪŠāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪĩāŪŋāŪĐāŊˆāŪŊāŊˆ āŪ…āŪŸāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊāŪūāŪ•āŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĪāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋ… āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊ
āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪšāŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪŊ āŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŸāŊˆāŪŊ āŪŠāŪĢāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪĩāŪīāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ.

  
āŪ…āŪĪāŊ‡ āŪĻāŊ‡āŪ°āŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪēāŊ… āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ‹ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪ°āŊāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪĐ,
āŪ‡āŪīāŪŋāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ’āŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĪāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊ‚āŪēāŪŪāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪŋāŪŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆāŪŠāŊ
āŪŠāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ•āŊŒāŪ°āŪĩāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĪāŊ‡ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪģāŊˆāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪāŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŪāŊ€āŪĪāŊ…
āŪ‡āŪīāŪŋāŪĩāŊˆāŪšāŊ āŪšāŊāŪŪāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋ āŪ…āŪĩāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪ…āŪĩāŪŪāŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪ…āŪĪāŪūāŪĩāŪĪāŊ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪąāŊāŪĩāŪŋāŪĪāŪŪāŪūāŪ•āŪšāŊ āŪšāŊŠāŪĐāŊāŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ…
āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪĢāŊāŪĢāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪ•āŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪšāŊāŪĢāŊāŪĢāŪūāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪĩāŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ.

  
āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŪāŪūāŪĻāŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪĪāŊ€āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŪūāŪĐāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊˆ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪšāŪŪāŊ‚āŪ• āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŽāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪ• āŪĻāŪŸāŊˆāŪŠāŊ†āŪąāŊāŪą āŪ’āŪ°āŊ
āŪŠāŊ†āŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ, āŪ•āŪŋāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪąāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪšāŊŠāŪēāŊāŪē āŪĩāŊ‡āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĐāŪŋ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ
āŪĪāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪĪāŊ āŪ‡āŪīāŪŋāŪĩāŪūāŪĐ āŪĩāŊ‡āŪēāŊˆāŪ•āŪģāŊˆ āŪĪāŪūāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪģāŊ‡ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪĪāŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪģāŊāŪģāŊāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋāŪšāŊ āŪšāŊ†āŪŊāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪĪāŪĐāŊ
āŪĻāŊ‹āŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŊ. āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ āŪŠāŪūāŪšāŪŋāŪŠāŪŸāŪŋāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŠāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪšāŪēāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪĐ āŪ…āŪŪāŊˆāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ āŪŽāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪūāŪĐ
āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ… āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊāŪąāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ’āŪ°āŊ āŪšāŊāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪĐ āŪŪāŪĢāŪŋāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪ°āŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊ‡ āŪ‡āŪĪāŊ.

  
āŪŠāŪŪāŊāŪŠāŪūāŪŊāŪŋāŪēāŊāŪĪāŪūāŪĐāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŪāŊāŪĪāŪēāŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪĪāŊāŪĩāŪ™āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŊāŪąāŊ, āŪ†āŪĐāŪūāŪēāŊ… āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪāŪŋāŪŊāŪū
āŪŪāŊāŪīāŊāŪĩāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪ•āŪūāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊ€ āŪŠāŊ‹āŪēāŊ āŪ‡āŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŠāŪ°āŪĩāŪŋāŪŊāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ. āŪŠāŪīāŪŪāŊˆ āŪŽāŪĩāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪąāŊ
āŪŪāŊāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪūāŪŸāŪŋāŪŸāŊāŪŸāŊāŪ•āŊ āŪ•āŊŠāŪĢāŊāŪŸāŊ āŪĩāŊ†āŪģāŪŋāŪŊāŊ‡āŪąāŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊāŪĪāŊāŪŪāŊˆ āŪŽāŪĩāŊāŪĩāŪūāŪąāŊ āŪĪāŪēāŊˆ
āŪ‰āŪŊāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋ, āŪĻāŊ†āŪžāŊāŪšāŊ āŪĻāŪŋāŪŪāŪŋāŪ°āŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŪŋ āŪ‰āŪģāŊāŪģāŊ‡ āŪĻāŊāŪīāŊˆāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ āŪŽāŪĐāŊāŪŠāŪĪāŊˆāŪŊāŊāŪŪāŊ, āŪĪāŊ€āŪĢāŊāŪŸāŪūāŪĪ āŪŪāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪģāŪŋāŪĐāŊ
āŪŽāŪīāŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋ āŪŪāŪŋāŪ•āŊāŪĻāŊāŪĪ āŪĩāŪ°āŪēāŪūāŪąāŊ āŪŽāŪŸāŊāŪĪāŊāŪĪāŊāŪ°āŊˆāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŪŋāŪąāŪĪāŊ.

- ‘āŪ•āŪŋāŪģāŪ°āŊāŪšāŊāŪšāŪŋāŪŊāŪūāŪģāŪ°āŊ’ āŪŠāŪūāŪŠāŪūāŪšāŪūāŪ•āŊ‡āŪŠāŊ Dr B.R.āŪ…āŪŪāŊāŪŠāŊ‡āŪĪāŊāŪ•āŪ°āŊ -

āŪĪāŊŠāŪŸāŪ°āŊāŪŪāŊ…..

# K.B.G.Thilagar #

Ven.Bhikkhu.Dr.Bhadant Nagaraj
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
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NEWSTNBSC Bulletin
Vihara Inspection Committee.
Photo of Vihartn Admin Vihartn Admin Send an email 2 weeks ago 20 Less than a minute
TamilNadu
Buddhist Sanga Council has constituted two committees to visit Viharas
in TamilNadu and Pudhuchery. Each committee will visit the respective
zone viharas for evaluating their present physical structure, lane
measurement, architecture, and aesthetic values. the committees’ members
names are given below ;
North Zone Committee
Bikkhu Ariya Brama
Sangaratnar.Thirunavukarasu,
Sangaratnar. Parthiban,
Sangaratnar. Ambed anand,
South Zone Commiittee
Bikkhu. Jeeva Sangamitran
Sangaratnar Prof.Velusamy,
Sangaratnar.Ramachandran
The
TNBSC seeks cooperation from the sangaratnar in their vihars. The
above-mentioned committees are advised to submit the report to the
council on or before 31.08.2021
in Dhamma
Gowthama Sanna
Founder and CoOrdinator
TNBSC
TNBSC Letter No 001/14.08.2021

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Ven.Bhikkhu. Bhante Mahintha Sakya
Photo of Vihartn Admin Vihartn Admin Send an email July 13, 20211 29 Less than a minute
Name of Bikku / Bikkuni * Ven Bhikkhu. Bhante Mahintha Sakya
Origin place : Coimbatore City , Tamil Nadu State , India Country .
Congregation date : —
Staying vihara : * Sakyamuni Buddha Vihar
Address
: Sakyamuni Buddha Vihar , Arumuga Nagar , Kasi Nanje kavundan pudur , G
. N . Mill post , Coimbatore – 641029 , Tamil Nadu , India .
Phone number +91 9994084268 , +91 8111000229 ..
Email : mahebha05@gmail.com
Facebook : Bhante Mahindha Sakya
Twitter Nil
Blog or website NIL
Brief note about Bikkus/Bikkunis : I am Theravada Buddist Monk , i trying samanera schools & college .
Achievement : I build sakyamuni buddha vihar
Literary Works : dhamma books writing
Ven.Bhikkhu.Dr.Bhadant Nagaraj
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
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Ven.Bhikkhu.Dr.Bhadant Nagaraj
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
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Ven.Bhikkhu.Dr.Bhadant Nagaraj
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
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Ven.Bhikkhu.Dr.Bhadant Nagaraj
Hunger is the worst kind of illness said Awakened One
Let us encourage all people to Do Good. Grow Broccoli ðŸĨĶ Pepper ðŸŦ‘ Cucumber ðŸĨ’ Carrots ðŸĨ• Beans in Pots. Fruit 🍎 Bearing Trees ðŸŒģ all over the world 🌎 and in Space. Purify Mind. Lead Hilarious 😆 Happy 😃 Life to Attain Eternal Bliss as Final Goal.- Universal Prabuddha Intellectuals Convention.
𝙆𝙊ð™Ļ𝙝𝙞ð™Ģ𝙖𝙧𝙖 ð™‰ð™„ð˜―ð˜―Ä€ð™‰ð˜ž ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖
18𝙛ð™Đ ð˜ŋ𝙞𝙖. 𝙖 3ð˜ŋ 360 𝙙𝙚𝙜𝙧𝙚𝙚 ð™˜ð™žð™§ð™˜ð™Šð™Ąð™–ð™§ 𝙋𝙖𝙜ð™Ī𝙙𝙖 𝙖ð™Đ
𝙒𝙝𝙞ð™Đ𝙚 𝙃ð™Īð™Ē𝙚,
668 5ð™Đ𝙝 𝘞 𝙈𝙖𝙞ð™Ģ 𝙍ð™Ī𝙖𝙙,
8ð™Đ𝙝 ð˜ū𝙧ð™Īð™Ļð™Ļ, 𝙃𝘞𝙇 𝙄𝙄𝙄 𝙎ð™Đ𝙖𝙜𝙚,
𝙋𝙊ð™Ģ𝙞ð™Ū𝙖 ð˜―ð™ƒð™ð™ˆð™„ ð˜―ð™šð™Ģð™œð™–ð™Ąð™Šð™§ð™Š,
𝙈𝙖𝙜𝙖𝙙𝙝𝙞 𝙆𝙖𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙖𝙠𝙖,
𝙋𝙧𝙖𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖 ð˜―ð™ð™–ð™§ð™–ð™Đ 𝙄ð™Ģð™Đ𝙚𝙧ð™Ģ𝙖ð™Đ𝙞ð™Īð™Ģð™–ð™Ą
𝙝ð™Đð™Đð™Ĩ://ð™Ļ𝙖𝙧ð™Ŧ𝙖𝙟𝙖ð™Ģ.𝙖ð™Ē𝙗𝙚𝙙𝙠𝙖𝙧.ð™Ī𝙧𝙜
𝙗𝙊𝙙𝙙𝙝𝙖ð™Ļ𝙖𝙞𝙙2𝙊ð™Ļ@𝙜ð™Ēð™–ð™žð™Ą.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘ð™Ļ4𝙚ð™Ŧ𝙚𝙧@ð™Ī𝙊ð™Đð™Ąð™Īð™Ī𝙠.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
𝙟𝙘𝙝𝙖ð™Ģ𝙙𝙧𝙖ð™Ļ𝙚𝙠𝙝𝙖𝙧𝙖ð™Ģ@ð™Ū𝙖𝙝ð™Īð™Ī.𝙘ð™Īð™Ē
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āŪĪāŪŪāŊāŪŪāŪūāŪšāŪŋāŪ°āŪŋāŪŊāŪ°āŊ āŪ…āŪĩāŊˆ SCHOLARS COUNCIL is part of TAMILNADU BUDDHIST SANGA COUCIL. The main aim of this s


84) Classical Romanian-Clasic romÃĒnesc,



Ultimele instrucțiuni din cuvintele proprii ale lui Buddha citate pe Sutta Piáđ­aka-Digha Nikāya mahāparinibbāna Sutta
DN 16 - (D II 137)
Mahāparinibbāna Sutta.
{fragmente}
Ultimele instrucțiuni ale lui Buddha pe mahā-parinibbāna
Acest
Sutta adună diverse instrucțiuni pe care Buddha a dat-o de dragul
adepților după trecerea sa, ceea ce face ca acesta să fie un set foarte
important de instrucțiuni pentru noi ÃŪn zilele noastre.
Voi
expune discursul de pe Dhamma, care se numește Dhammādāsa, posedat de
care Ariyasāvaka, dacă el dorește, poate să-și declare despre el ÃŪnsuși:
“Pentru mine, nu mai este Niraya, nu mai mult Tiracchāna-Yoni, nu mai
mult Petivisaya, nu Mai multă stare de nefericire, de nenorocire, de
mizerie, sunt un sotāpanna, prin natura liber de state de mizerie, sigur
că sunt destinate lui Sambodhi.
Și ce este, ānanda, este
acel
discurs asupra lui Dhamma, care se numește Dhammādāsa, posedat de care
Ariyasāvaka, dacă el dorește, poate să se declare despre sine: “Pentru
mine, nu mai este Niraya, nu mai mult Tiracchāna-yoni, nici mai mult
Petivisaya, nici o stare de companie Nefericire, de nenorocire, de
mizerie, eu sunt un sotāpanna, prin natura liber de state de mizerie,
sigur de a fi destinat lui Sambodhi?
Aici, āanda, Ariyasāvaka este dotată cu Buddhe AVECCAPPASāDA:
El este dotat cu Dhamme AvecCappasada:
El este ÃŪnzestrat cu SAáđ…GHE AVECCAPPASāDA:
El este ÃŪnzestrat cu o sÄŦla care este agreabilă pentru Ariyas,
Acest
lucru, ānanda, este discursul de pe Dhamma, care se numește Dhammādāsa,
posedat de care Ariyasāvaka, dacă el dorește, poate să se declare
despre el ÃŪnsuși: “Pentru mine, nu mai există Niraya, nu mai mult
Tiracchāna-Yoni, nici mai mult Petivisaya , nu mai este o stare de
nefericire, de nenorocire, de mizerie, sunt un sotāpanna, prin natura
liber de state de mizerie, sigur de a fi destinat lui Sambodhi.
Sato ar trebui să rămÃĒi, Bhikkhus și Sampajānos. Aceasta este intria noastră pentru dvs.
Și cum, Bhikkhus, este un Sato Bhikkhu? Aici, Bhikkhus, Bhikkhu
Astfel, Bhikkhus, este un Sato Bhikkhu. Și cum, Bhikkhus, este un Bhikkhu Sampajāno? Aici, Bhikkhus,
Astfel,
Bhikkhus, este un Bhikkhu Sampajāno. Sato ar trebui să rămÃĒi, Bhikkhus
și Sampajānos. Aceasta este intria noastră pentru dvs.
- Ananda, Sala gemenală
Copacii
sunt ÃŪn plină floare, deși nu este sezonul de ÃŪnflorire. Și ÃŪnflorirea
ploaia pe corpul Tathagata și picături și ÃŪmprăștiați și sunt
ÃŪmprăștiate ÃŪn ÃŪnchinarea lui Tathagata. Și flori de corali celeste și
praful de lemn de santal ceresc din cerul de pe corpul lui Tathagata,
picături și ÃŪmprăștiate și sunt ÃŪmprăștiate ÃŪn ÃŪnchinarea lui Tathagata.
Iar sunetul vocii cerești și instrumentele cerești face muzica ÃŪn aer
din reverență pentru Tathagata.
Nu
este prin această, ānanda, că Tathāgata este respectată, venerată,
stimulată, a plătit un omagiu și onorat. Dar, Ananda, orice Bhikkhu sau
Bhikkhuni, Layman sau Laywoman, rămase Dhamm’ānudhamma’p'Paipanna,
SāmÄŦci’p'Paipanna,
A
trăi ÃŪn conformitate cu Dhamma, că o respectă, venerate, mestem,
plătește omagiu și onorează Tathāgata cu cel mai excelent omagiu. Prin
urmare, ānanda, ar trebui să te antrenezi astfel: “Vom rămÃĒne
Dhamm’ānudhamma’p'Paipanna, SāmÄŦci’p'Paipanna, trăind ÃŪn conformitate cu
Dhamma”.
Bhagawan Buddha spune
“Frații
mei, există aceste două extreme pe care o persoană pe cale ar trebui să
o evite. Care două? Unul este să vă plimbați ÃŪn plăceri senzuale. Iar
cealaltă este de a practica austerități care privesc corpul nevoilor
sale. Ambele extreme conduc la eșec.
“Calea
pe care am descoperit-o este calea mijlocie, care evită ambele extreme
și are capacitatea de a conduce la ÃŪnțelegere, eliberare și pace. Este
calea nobilă de 8 ori a ÃŪnțelegerii corecte, a gÃĒndirii corecte, a
discursului corect, a acțiunii corecte, a mijloacelor de trai drepte, a
efortului drept, a atenției corecte și a concentrației corecte. Am urmat
această cale de opt ori nobilă și am realizat ÃŪnțelegerea, eliberarea
și pacea.
Prima
este existența suferinței. Nașterea, bătrÃĒnețea, boala și moartea
suferă. Tristețe, furie, gelozie, ÃŪngrijorare, anxietate, frică și
disperare suferă. Separarea de cei dragi suferă. Asociere cu cei pe care
nu le place suferă. Dorința, atașamentul și agățarea de cele cinci
agregate suferă.
“Brothers, al doilea adevăr dezvăluie cauza suferinței. Din cauza
ignoranței, oamenii nu pot vedea adevărul despre viață și devin prinși
ÃŪn flăcări de dorință, furie, gelozie, durere, ÃŪngrijorare, frică și
disperare.
“Frații, al treilea adevăr este ÃŪncetarea suferinței.
Înțelegerea adevărului vieții aduce ÃŪncetarea fiecărei dureri și tristețe și dă naștere la pace și bucurie.
“Brothers, al patrulea adevăr este calea care duce la ÃŪncetarea
suferinței. Este calea nobilă de opt ori, pe care tocmai am explicat-o.
Calea nobile de opt ori este hrănită trăiesc cu minte. Mindfulness duce
la concentrare și ÃŪnțelegere, vă eliberează de orice durere și durere și
duce la pace și bucurie. Vă voi ghida de-a lungul acestei căi de
realizare.
“Viziunea a apărut, a apărut o ÃŪnțelegere, discernămÃĒntul a apărut, a
apărut cunoștințele, iluminarea a apărut ÃŪn mine cu privire la lucrurile
care nu au fost auzite ÃŪnainte:” Acest adevăr nobil al stresului a fost
ÃŪnțeles “.
“Adevărul
nobil al ÃŪncetării stresului: declanșarea completă și ÃŪncetarea,
renunțarea, renunțarea, eliberarea, și lăsarea de la acea poftă. Acest
adevăr nobil al ÃŪncetării stresului a fost realizat. Acesta este
adevărul nobil al modului de practică care duce la ÃŪncetarea stresului.
“De
ÃŪndată ce cunoștințele și viziunea mea cu privire la aceste patru
adevăruri nobile așa cum au venit să fie - au fost cu adevărat pure,
atunci am pretins că m-am trezit direct la auto-trezirea potrivită ÃŪn
cosmos cu toate ghidurile sale nevăzute, contemplative, Brahmans,
drepturile sale și comunfolk. Cunoașterea și viziunea au apărut ÃŪn mine:
“Neautorizabil este eliberarea mea. Aceasta este ultima mea naștere. Nu
există nici o existență reÃŪnnoită. “
În
timp ce Siddhartha explică cele patru adevăruri nobile, unul dintre
călugări, Kondanna simțea brusc o strălucire mare ÃŪn mintea lui. El ar
putea gusta eliberarea pe care o căuta atÃĒt de mult timp. Fața lui a
strălucit cu bucurie. Buddha a arătat la el și a strigat: “Kondanna! Ai
luat-o! Ai ÃŪnțeles!
Kondanna
sa alăturat palmelor și sa ÃŪnclinat ÃŪnainte de Siddhartha. Cu respect
mai profund, el a vorbit, “Gautama venerabilă, vă rog să mă acceptați ca
pe discipolul tău. Știu că sub ÃŪndrumarea voastră, voi atinge marele
trezire. “
Ceilalți
patru călugări se ÃŪnclină și la picioarele lui Siddhartha, s-au
alăturat palmelor și au cerut să fie primite ca ucenici. Siddhartha a
spus: “Brothers! Copiii din sat mi-au dat numele “Buddha”. Și tu poți să
mă suni după numele ăsta dacă vrei.
Kondanna a ÃŪntrebat: “Nu ÃŪnseamnă” Buddha “ÃŪnseamnă” unul care este trezit “?”
“Asta este corect, și ei numesc calea pe care am descoperit-o” calea trezirii “. Ce crezi despre acest nume?”
“Cel
care este trezit”! “Modul de trezire”! Minunat! Minunat! Aceste nume
sunt adevărate, dar simple. Vom numi fericit Buddha, și calea pe care
ați descoperit calea trezirii. După cum ați spus, trăind ÃŪn fiecare zi,
este chiar baza practicii spirituale “. Cei cinci călugări erau o
singură minte pentru a accepta Gautama ca profesor și pentru a-i numi
Buddha.
Buddha
a zÃĒmbit la ei. Te rog, frați, practică cu un spirit deschis și
inteligent, iar ÃŪn trei luni veți fi atins rodul eliberării. ”
The Last days of the Buddha
Abhinav Kumar
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This video explains and elaborates the Mahaparinibbana of Buddha.
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This video explains and elaborates the Mahaparinibbana of Buddha.


Public

Cuvintele proprii ale Buddha citate despre participarea la conștientizare
mahā + satipaáđ­áđ­hāna.
Religii, curse, caste, inegalități,
Au fost acolo
Sunt acolo
Și
Va continua să fie acolo!
Dr b.r.ambedkar tunered “Principalul Bharat Baudhmay Karunga”. (Voi face acest budist de țară)
Toate
Societățile Aboriginal trezește Thunder “Hump Prapanch Prambuddha
Prapanchmay Karund.” (Vom face ÃŪntreaga lume Prabuddha Prapanch
Acest lucru se va ÃŪntÃĒmpla prin
Gratuit
online Prabuddha Convention intelectuals ÃŪn propriile cuvinte pentru
bunăstare, fericire și pace pentru toate societățile și pentru ei să
obțină fericirea veșnică ca scop final prin Mahā + satipaáđ­áđ­hāna -
participarea la conștientizare prin observarea secțiunii Kāya pe
ānāpāna, posturi, sampajaÃąÃąa, repulsivitate, elementele, cele nouă
motive de pericol, de Vedanā și Citta
Atunci
Religii, curse, caste și inegalități
Nu va fi acolo!
Tipitaka.
DN 22 - (D II 290)
Mahāsatipaáđ­áđ­hāna Sutta.
Participarea la conștientizarea lui Buddha
mahā + satipaáđ­áđ­hāna.
Acest Sutta este considerat ca o referință principală pentru practica de meditație.
Introducere
I. Observarea Kāya
A. Secțiunea pe ānāpāna
B. Secțiunea privind posturile
C. Secțiunea privind SampajaÃąa
D. Secțiunea privind repulsivitatea
E. Secțiunea privind elementele
F. Secțiunea privind cele nouă motive de pericol
II. Observarea lui Vedanā.
Introducere
Astfel am auzit:
Cu o ocazie, Bhagavā stătea printre Kurus la Kammāshamma, un oraș de piață din Kurus. Acolo, el a adresat Bhikkhus:
- Bhikkhus.
- Bhaddante a răspuns lui Bhikkhus. Bhagavā a spus:
- Acest,
Bhikkhus, este calea care duce la nimic altceva decÃĒt la purificarea
Ființe,
depășirea durerii și a cumentării, dispariția Dukkha-Domanassa,
realizarea modului potrivit, realizarea Nibbāna, adică cele patru
satipaáđ­áđ­hānas.
Care patru?
Aici, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya, ātāpÄŦ
Sampajāno, satimā, după ce a renunțat la Abhijjhā-Domanassa față de lume.
El
locuiește observÃĒnd vedanā ÃŪn vedanā, ātāpÄŦ sampajāno, satimā, după ce a
renunțat la Abhijjhā-domanassa față de lume. El locuiește să observe
Citta ÃŪn Citta, ātāpÄŦ sampajāno, satimā, după ce a renunțat la
Abhijjhā-Domanassa față de lume. El locuiește observÃĒnd Dhamma · s ÃŪn
Dhamma · S, ātāpÄŦ sampajāno, satimā, după ce a renunțat la
Abhijjhā-Domanassa față de lume.
I. Kāyānupassanā.
A. Secțiunea pe ānāpāna
Și
Cum,
Bhikhus, are un loc de muncă Bhikkhu observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya? Aici,
Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu, plecÃĒnd ÃŪn pădure sau plecÃĒnd la rădăcina unui
copac sau care se duse ÃŪntr-o cameră goală, se așează ÃŪn jos plierea
picioarelor ÃŪn cruce, așezÃĒndu-se Kāya ÃŪn poziție verticală și se așeză
Sati Parimukhaáđƒ. A fi astfel Sato, el respiră, fiind astfel Sato, el
respiră. RespirÃĒnd ÃŪn timp ce ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir ÃŪn termen lung”;
respirarea ÃŪndelungată pe care o ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir mult”; respirația
pe scurt el ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir pe scurt”; respirația scurtă El
ÃŪnțelege: “Respirăm scurt”; El se pregătește: “Simțind Kāya, voi
respira”; El se pregătește: “Senzația ÃŪntregului kāya, voi respira”; El
se pregătește: “calmarea pe Kāya-saáđ…khāras, voi respira”; Se pregătește
el ÃŪnsuși: “calmarea pe Kāya-saáđ…khāras, voi respira”.
Doar
Așa
cum, Bhikkhus, un ucenic de Turner sau un Turner, făcÃĒnd o ÃŪntoarcere
lungă, ÃŪnțelege: “Eu fac o ÃŪntoarcere lungă”; făcÃĒnd o scurtă
ÃŪntoarcere, el ÃŪnțelege: “Eu fac o scurtă ÃŪntoarcere”; În același mod,
Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu, respirÃĒnd de mult, ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir ÃŪn mult
timp”; respirÃĒnd mult timp ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir mult”; respirația pe
scurt el ÃŪnțelege: “Eu respir pe scurt”; respirația scurtă El ÃŪnțelege:
“Respirăm scurt”; El se pregătește: “Senzația ÃŪntregului kāya, voi
respira”; El se pregătește: “Senzația ÃŪntregului kāya, voi respira”; El
se pregătește: “calmarea pe Kāya-saáđ…khāras, voi respira”; Se pregătește
el ÃŪnsuși: “calmarea pe Kāya-saáđ…khāras, voi respira”.
Astfel locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya intern,
sau
locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya
ÃŪn Kāya intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene
din Kāya sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau
locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau
altceva, [Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el,
doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește
detașată și nu se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu
locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
B. IRIYāPATHA PABBA.
În plus,
Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu, ÃŪn timp ce mergeți, ÃŪnțelege: “Eu merg ‘, sau
ÃŪn timp ce stătea el ÃŪnțelege: “Eu stau”, sau ÃŪn timp ce stau el
ÃŪnțelege:
“Eu stau”, sau ÃŪn timp ce culca el ÃŪnțelege: “Mă culc”. Sau altfel, ÃŪn
oricare poziție, Kāya este dispus, o ÃŪnțelege ÃŪn consecință.
C. Secțiunea privind SampajaÃąa
În plus,
Bhikkhus,
un Bhikkhu, ÃŪn timp ce se apropie și ÃŪn timpul plecării cu SampajaÃąÃąa,
ÃŪn timp ce privește ÃŪnainte și ÃŪn timp ce se uită ÃŪn jur, el acționează
cu SampajaÃąÃąa, ÃŪn timp ce ÃŪndoiți și ÃŪn timp ce se ÃŪntinde, acționează
cu SampajaÃąÃąa, ÃŪn timp ce purtau hainele și haina superioară și ÃŪn
timpul transportului castron, el acționează cu sampajaÃąÃąa, ÃŪn timp ce
mănÃĒncă, ÃŪn timp ce bea, ÃŪn timp ce de mestecat, in timp ce degustare,
el acționează cu sampajaÃąÃąa, ÃŪn timp ce participa la activitatea de
defecare și urinat, el acționează cu sampajaÃąÃąa, ÃŪn timp ce mersul pe
jos, ÃŪn timp ce ÃŪn picioare, ÃŪn timp ce ședinței, ÃŪn timp ce A dormi, ÃŪn
timp ce se trezește, ÃŪn timp ce vorbește și ÃŪn timp ce tăcea,
acționează cu SampajaÃąa.
Astfel, el locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya intern sau el
Locuiesc
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
D. Secțiunea privind repulsivitatea
În plus,
bhikkhus, un bhikkhu consideră că acest lucru foarte organism, din tălpile
picioarele
ÃŪn sus și de la părul de pe cap ÃŪn jos, care este delimitată de pielea
ei și plină de diferite tipuri de impurități: “În acest kāya, există
firele de păr ale capului, părul corpului, unghiile, dinții, pielea,
carnea ,
Tendoane, oase, măduvă osoasă, rinichi, inimă, ficat, pleura, splină,
plămÃĒni, intestine, mezenter, stomac cu conținutul său, fecale, bilă,
flegma, puroi, sÃĒnge, sudoare, grăsimi, lacrimi, grăsimi, saliva, mucus nazal,
fluid sinovial și urină. “
La
fel ca și ÃŪn cazul ÃŪn care, bhikkhus, a existat un sac avÃĒnd două
deschideri și umplute cu diferite tipuri de cereale, cum ar fi muntele
nedecorticat, orez, fasole mung, mazăre vacă, semințe de susan și orez
decorticat. Un bărbat cu o vedere bună, care a descoperit-o, ar lua ÃŪn
considerare [conținutul său]: “Acesta este Hill-Paddy, acesta este
Paddy, acestea sunt fasole Mung, acelea de vacă, acestea sunt semințe de
susan și acest lucru este orezul de susan; În același mod, Bhikkhus, un
Bhikkhu consideră acest lucru foarte corp, de la tălpile picioarelor ÃŪn
sus și de la părul de pe cap,
care este delimitată de pielea sa și plină de diferite tipuri de impurități:
„În acest KAYA, există perii capului, firele de păr ale corpului,
unghii,
dinți, piele, carne, tendoane, oase, măduvă osoasă, rinichi, inimă,
ficat, pleura, splină, plămÃĒni, intestine, mesenterie, stomac cu
conținut, fecale, bilă, flegma, puroi, sÃĒnge, sudoare, grăsime, lacrimi,
grăsimi, saliva, mucus nazal, fluid sinovial și urină “.
Astfel, el locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya intern sau el
Locuiesc
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” sati ÃŪl presentin, doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn
care doar nana și simple paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașat, și nu se agață
de nimic ÃŪn lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya
ÃŪn Kāya.
E. Secțiunea privind elementele
În plus,
Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu reflectă acest lucru foarte kāya, totuși este plasat,
Cu toate acestea, este dispus: “În acest kāya, există elementul pămÃĒntului,
elementul de apă, elementul de incendiu și elementul de aer. “
La
fel cum, bhikkhus, un măcelar priceput sau ucenic de măcelar, după ce a
ucis o vacă, ar sta la o tăiere ÃŪn bucăți intersecții; În același mod,
Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu reflectă ÃŪn mod foarte kāya, totuși este plasat,
totuși este dispus: “În Therekāya, există elementul pămÃĒntului,
elementul de apă, elementul de incendiu și elementul de aer”.
Astfel locuiește să observe Kāya ÃŪn Kāya pe plan intern sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern sau locuiește
observÃĒnd
KAYA ÃŪn KAYA intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de
fenomene din Kāya sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau
altceva, [Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el,
doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn care simpla și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată
și nu se agață de nimic din lume.thus el locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn
Kāya;
(1)
În plus,
Bhikkhus,
un Bhikkhu, la fel cum vedea un trup mort, aruncat ÃŪntr-un pămÃĒnt,
ÃŪntr-o zi moartă, sau două zile moarte sau trei zile moarte, umflate,
albăstrui și minunate, el consideră acest lucru foarte kāya: “Acest kāya
De asemenea, este de o astfel de natură, va deveni așa, și nu este
liberă de o astfel de condiție. “
Astfel
locuiește pe observarea Kāya ÃŪn Kāya pe plan intern sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(2)
În plus,
Bhikkhus,
un Bhikkhu, la fel cum vedea un trup mort, aruncat ÃŪntr-un pămÃĒnt de
pălărie, fiind mÃĒncat de croși, fiind mÃĒncat de Hawks, fiind mÃĒncat de
vulturi, fiind mÃĒncat de către Heoni, fiind mÃĒncat de cÃĒini, fiind
mÃĒncat de Tigrii, fiind mÃĒncați de Panthers, fiind mÃĒncați de diferite
tipuri de ființe, el consideră acest lucru foarte kāya: “Acest kāya
este, de asemenea, de o astfel de natură, va deveni așa, și nu este
liber de o astfel de condiție”.
Astfel
locuiește pe observarea Kāya ÃŪn Kāya pe plan intern sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya,
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și
trecerea
fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva, [Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!”
Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla
Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu se agață de nimic din lume.
Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(3)
Mai
mult, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu, la fel cum vedea un trup mort, aruncat
ÃŪntr-un pămÃĒnt, o șiară cu carne și sÃĒnge, ținută ÃŪmpreună prin
tendoane, el consideră că acest kāya: “Acest kāya este, de asemenea, de
așa ceva Natura, va deveni așa, și nu este liberă de o astfel de
condiție. “
Astfel, el locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya intern sau el
Locuiesc
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(4)
În plus,
Bhikkhus,
un Bhikkhu, la fel cum vedea un trup mort, aruncat ÃŪntr-un pămÃĒnt de
pericol, o șabletă fără carne și a fost sporită cu sÃĒnge, ținută
ÃŪmpreună de tendoane, el consideră că acest kāya: “Acest kāya este, de
asemenea, de așa ceva Natura, va deveni așa, și nu este liberă de o
astfel de condiție. “
Astfel
locuiește pe observarea Kāya ÃŪn Kāya pe plan intern sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(5)
Mai
mult, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu, la fel cum vedea un trup mort, aruncat
ÃŪntr-un pămÃĒnt, o șieton fără carne, nici sÃĒnge, ținut ÃŪmpreună prin
tendoane, el consideră că acest kāya: “Acest kāya este, de asemenea, de
așa ceva Natura, va deveni așa, și nu este liberă de o astfel de
condiție. “
Astfel, el locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya intern sau el
Locuiesc
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya extern, sau locuiește observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(6)
Mai
mult decÃĒt atÃĒt, bhikkhus, un bhikkhu, la fel ca și ÃŪn cazul ÃŪn care el
a văzut un cadavru, aruncat departe ÃŪntr-un sol Charnel, oasele
deconectat ÃŪmprăștiate ici și colo, aici un os de mÃĒnă, există un os
picior, aici un os glezna, există un tibiei , aici osul coapsei, există
un os de sold, aici o coastă, există un os din spate, aici un os
coloanei vertebrale, există un os de gÃĒt, aici un os maxilarului, există
un os dinte, sau acolo craniul, el consideră că acest lucru foarte KAYA
: „Aceasta este, de asemenea, KAYA de o asemenea natură, aceasta va
deveni ca acest lucru, și nu este lipsită de o astfel de condiție a.“
Astfel,
el insistă observarea KAYA ÃŪn KAYA intern sau El locuiește ÃŪn
observarea KAYA KAYA extern, sau El locuiește ÃŪn observarea KAYA KAYA
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(7)
Mai mult decÃĒt atÃĒt, bhikkhus, un bhikkhu, la fel ca și ÃŪn cazul ÃŪn care el a fost
văzÃĒnd
un organism mort, aruncat departe ÃŪntr-un sol Charnel, oasele albite ca
o scoică, el consideră că acest lucru foarte KAYA: „Acest KAYA, de
asemenea, este de o asemenea natură, aceasta va deveni ca acest lucru,
și nu este lipsită de o astfel de condiție.”
(😎
Mai mult decÃĒt atÃĒt, bhikkhus, un bhikkhu, la fel ca și ÃŪn cazul ÃŪn care el a fost
văzÃĒnd
un organism mort, aruncat departe ÃŪntr-un sol Charnel, ÃŪngrămădite oase
vechi de un an, el consideră că acest lucru foarte KAYA: „Acest KAYA,
de asemenea, este de o asemenea natură, aceasta va deveni ca acest
lucru, și nu este liber de astfel de o condiție.”
Astfel,
el insistă observarea KAYA ÃŪn KAYA intern sau El locuiește ÃŪn
observarea KAYA KAYA extern, sau El locuiește ÃŪn observarea KAYA KAYA
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
(9)
Mai mult decÃĒt atÃĒt, bhikkhus, un bhikkhu, la fel ca și ÃŪn cazul ÃŪn care el a fost
văzÃĒnd
un organism mort, aruncat departe ÃŪntr-un sol Charnel, oase putred
redus la pulbere, el consideră că acest lucru foarte KAYA: „Acest KAYA,
de asemenea, este de o asemenea natură, aceasta va deveni ca acest
lucru, și nu este lipsită de o astfel de condiție .“
Astfel,
el insistă observarea KAYA ÃŪn KAYA intern sau El locuiește ÃŪn
observarea KAYA KAYA extern, sau El locuiește ÃŪn observarea KAYA KAYA
intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya de fenomene din Kāya
sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya sau locuiește
observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor din Kāya; sau altceva,
[Realizarea:] “Aceasta este kāya!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn
măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu
se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu locuiește
observÃĒnd Kāya ÃŪn Kāya.
II. Observarea lui Vedanā.
Și ÃŪn plus, bhikkhus, cum face un bhikkhu locui ÃŪn Vedana Observing Vedana?
Aici,
bhikkhus, un bhikkhu, se confruntă cu o Vedana Sukha, undersands: „Sunt
confruntă cu o Sukha Vedana“; se confruntă cu o Vedana dukkha,
undersands:
„Sunt
confruntă cu o Vedana dukkha“; se confruntă cu o Vedana adukkham-asukhā,
undersands: „Sunt confruntă cu o adukkham-asukhā Vedana“; se confruntă
cu o Sukha Vedana sāmisa, undersands: „Sunt confruntă cu o Sukha Vedana
sāmisa“; se confruntă cu o Sukha Vedana nirāmisa, undersands:
„Sunt
confruntă cu o Sukha Vedana nirāmisa“; se confruntă cu o dukkha Vedana
sāmisa, undersands: „Sunt confruntă cu o dukkha Vedana sāmisa“; se
confruntă cu o dukkha Vedana nirāmisa, undersands: „Sunt confruntă cu o
dukkha Vedana nirāmisa“; se confruntă cu o adukkham-asukhā Vedana
sāmisa, undersands: „Sunt confruntă cu o adukkham-asukhā Vedana sāmisa“;
se confruntă cu un adukkham-asukhā Vedana nirāmisa, undersands: „Sunt
confruntă cu o adukkham-asukhā Vedana nirāmisa“.
Astfel, el insistă observarea Vedana ÃŪn Vedana pe plan intern,
sau el locuiește Observing Vedana ÃŪn Vedana extern, sau el locuiește
observÃĒnd Vedana ÃŪn Vedana intern și extern; el locuiește
observarea
fenomenelor Samudaya ÃŪn Vedana, sau el insistă observÃĒnd trecerea ÃŪn
neființă a fenomenelor ÃŪn Vedana, sau el insistă observarea Samudaya și
trecerea ÃŪn neființă a fenomenelor ÃŪn Vedana; sau altceva, [realizÃĒnd:]
„acest lucru este Vedana!“ Sati este prezentă ÃŪn el, doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn
care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește detașată și nu se agață
de nimic din lume. Astfel, bhikkhus, un bhikkhu temporizări Observing
Vedana ÃŪn Vedana.
III. Observarea CITTA.
Și mai mult, Bhikkhus, cum arată un Bhikkhu care locuiește Citta ÃŪn Citta?

Aici, Bhikhus, un Bhikkhu ÃŪl ÃŪnțelege pe Citta cu RÃĒga ca “Citta cu
RÃĒga”, sau ÃŪl ÃŪnțelege pe Citta fără RÃĒga ca “Citta fără RÃĒga”, sau ÃŪl
ÃŪnțelege pe Citta cu DOSA ca “Citta cu Dosa”, sau ÃŪl ÃŪnțelege pe Citta
fără dosa ca “Citta fără Dosa”, sau ÃŪl ÃŪnțelege pe Citta cu Moha ca
“Citta cu Moha”, sau ÃŪl ÃŪnțelege pe Citta fără moha ca “Citta fără
Moha”, sau ÃŪnțelege o citată colectată ca “Citta colectată” sau ÃŪnțelege
o ÃŪmprăștiată citta ca “o cita ÃŪmprăștiată”, sau el ÃŪnțelege o citată
extinsă ca “un cita expandat”, sau ÃŪnțelege o citată inexpandată ca “un
cita neexpandat”, sau ÃŪnțelege o citată ÃŪncăpățÃĒnată ca fiind “o citta
depășită”, sau ÃŪnțelege el o citată de neegalabilă ca “o citată de
neegalabilă” sau ÃŪnțelege o citată concentrată ca “o citta concentrată”
sau ÃŪnțelege o citta neconcentrată ca “Citta neconcentrată”, sau
ÃŪnțelege o Citta eliberată ca “Citta eliberată”, sau El ÃŪnțelege o
citată neprevăzută ca “un indiciu CITTA CITTA “.

Astfel locuiește cu privire la respectÃĒnd Citta ÃŪn Citta pe plan intern
sau locuiește să observe Citta ÃŪn Citta extern, sau locuiește să
observe Citta ÃŪn Citta intern și extern; El locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya
de fenomene ÃŪn Citta, sau locuiește observÃĒnd trecerea fenomenelor ÃŪn
Citta sau locuiește observÃĒnd Samudaya și trecerea fenomenelor ÃŪn Citta;
sau altceva, [Realizarea:] “Aceasta este CITTA!” Sati este prezentă ÃŪn
el, doar ÃŪn măsura ÃŪn care simpla “și simpla Paáđ­issati, el locuiește
detașată și nu se agață de nimic din lume. Astfel, Bhikkhus, un Bhikkhu
locuiește observÃĒnd Citta ÃŪn Citta.
Buddha Citate
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87) Classical Sanskrit āĪ›āĨāĪēāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪšāĪēāĨ āĪ·āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĨ

agatheesan Chandrasekharan

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5 most spoken languages in the world | āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ 5 āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ | compare in tamil
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The five most widely spoken languages in the world āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪ• āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸāŪŋāŪŊ 5 āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ Compare in tamil
āĪ āĨ‡ āĪēāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§’āĪļāĨ āĪ“wāĪĻāĨ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ qāĪ‰āĪ“āĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ·āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ PāĪ‡áđ­āĪ…āĪ•-āĪĄāĪŋāĪ˜ āĪĢāĪŋāĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‚āĪ…āĪđāĨÄāĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪŽāĨāĪŽāĨÄāĪĻ āĪ·āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
āĪĄāĨāĪĢāĨ 16 - (āĪĄāĨ āĪ‡āĪ‡ 137)
āĪ‚āĪ…āĪđāĨÄāĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪŽāĨāĪŽāĨÄāĪĻ āĪ·āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
{āĪxāĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŠāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ}
āĪ āĨ‡ āĪēāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪŪāĪđāĨÄ-āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪŽāĨāĪŽāĨÄāĪĻ
āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ—āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ—āĪĩāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ“f
fāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‹wāĪāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…fāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡ āĪ… āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹wāĪ…āĪĶāĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ.
āĪˆ
wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪ wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ
āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨÄāĪĶāĨÄāĪļ, āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ“f wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪļāĨÄāĪĩāĪ•, āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪšāĪĻāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪēāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘FāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪŪāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪĪāĪŋāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨÄāĪĻ-āĪŊāĨ‹āĪĻāĪŋ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪđāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨfāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĻāĨ‡, āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨ‹āĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ, āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŽāĨ‹āĪ§āĪŋ.
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪĪāĨ, ĀāĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪ wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨÄāĪĶāĨÄāĪļ, āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ“f
wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪļāĨÄāĪĩāĪ•, āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪšāĪĻāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪēāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ
‘FāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪŪāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĪāĪŋāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨÄāĪĻ-āĪŊāĨ‹āĪĻāĪŋ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪđāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨfāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĻāĨ‡, āĪ“f
āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪˆ. āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨ‹āĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ, āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŽāĨ‹āĪ§āĪŋ?
āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡, ĀāĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪļāĨÄāĪĩāĪ• āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪšāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪļāĨÄāĪĶāĪƒ
āĪƒāĪ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪšāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪļāĨÄāĪĶāĪƒ
āĪƒāĪ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ·áđ…āĪ˜āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪšāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪļāĨÄāĪĶāĪƒ
āĪƒāĪ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨÄŦāĪē wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪāĪ…āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪļāĨ,
āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ,
ĀāĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪ wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨÄāĪĶāĨÄāĪļ,
āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ“f wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĪļāĨÄāĪĩāĪ•, āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪšāĪĻāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪēāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ“f
āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘FāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪŪāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĪāĪŋāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨÄāĪĻ-āĪŊāĨ‹āĪĻāĪŋ, āĪĻāĨ‹
āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĪŊ, āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪđāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨfāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĻāĨ‡, āĪ“f
āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨ‹āĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ, āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĪŋāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŽāĨ‹āĪ§āĪŋ. â€Ļ
āĪ·āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹āĪļāĨ. āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰.
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‹w, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪļāĪĪāĨ‹? āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪļāĪĪāĨ‹. āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‹w, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹? āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹. āĪ·āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹āĪļāĨ. āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰.
– āĪ†āĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨwāĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĪē
āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪāĪļāĨ
āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ fāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪŪāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ˜āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f fāĪēāĨ‹wāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‹āĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĪ—āĪĪ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪšāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡wāĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪŠāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĪ—āĪĪ.
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪšāĨ‡āĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ…āĪēāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪ°āĪēāĨ fāĪēāĨ‹wāĪāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪēāĨwāĪ“āĪ“āĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĨ‹wāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ
fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĪ—āĪĪ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŠāĨ
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡wāĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪŠāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĪ—āĪĪ.
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ“f āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĩāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪšāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪāĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪŸāĪĨāĪ—āĪĪ.
āĪˆāĪĪāĨ
āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, ĀāĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĨÄāĪ—āĪĪ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ,
āĪāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪŠāĨˆāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‹āĪŪāĪ—āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ. BāĪ‰āĪĪāĨ, āĪ†āĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪĻāĪŋ, āĪēāĪŊāĨāĪŪāĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪēāĪŊāĨwāĪ“āĪŪāĪĻāĨ, āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨâ€™ÄāĪĻāĨāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ’āĪŠāĨâ€™āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ,
āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĨÄŦāĪšāĪŋ’āĪŠāĨâ€™āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ,
āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪ, āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ,
āĪāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŠāĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‹āĪŪāĪ—āĨ‡, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŸāĪĨāĨÄāĪ—āĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪxāĪšāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪđāĨ‹āĪŪāĪ—āĨ‡. āĪ āĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ‡, ĀāĪĻāĪĻāĨāĪĶ, āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪĩāĨ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪĨāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘WāĪ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨâ€™ÄāĪĻāĨāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ’āĪŠāĨâ€™āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ, āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĨÄŦāĪšāĪŋ’āĪŠāĨâ€™āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĻ,
āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĒāĪŪāĨāĪŪ’.
BāĪđāĪ—wāĪ…āĪĻāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪ·āĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ
“āĪ‚āĪŊāĨ
BāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨwāĪ“ āĪxāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ… āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĶāĨ. WāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĪāĨwāĪ“? OāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨf āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‹
āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ…āĪēāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ. āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ”āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĨ
wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‡āĪāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ. BāĪ“āĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ fāĪāĪēāĨāĪ°āĨ‡.
“āĪ āĨ‡
āĪŠāĪĨāĨ āĪˆ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ‚āĪ‡āĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪēāĨ‡ WāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…āĪĩāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĨāĨ
āĪxāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĪŠāĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ,
āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡. āĪˆāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĢāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ EāĪ‡āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨfāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ PāĪ…āĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ, āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ,
āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪēāĪŋāĪđāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪffāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ. āĪˆ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĢāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ EāĪ‡āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨfāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡.
āĪ āĨ‡
fāĪ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. BāĪ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ, āĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪ—āĨ‡,
āĪļāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪ•āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪ·āĪĶāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ‡āĪ°āĨ,
āĪœāĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪļāĨāĪŊāĨ, wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨxāĪ‡āĪāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ, fāĪāĪ…āĪ°āĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨˆāĪ°āĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.
āĪ·āĨ‡āĪŠāĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪ†āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‹āĪšāĪŋāĪ…āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡
āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪĄāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ…āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ‡āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ—āĨāĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ—āĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.
“BāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨŒāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.
BāĪāĪšāĨŒāĪļāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪ‡āĪ—āĨāĪĻāĨ‹āĪ°āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡, āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ“āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĪĻāĨāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ…āĪŽāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪēāĪŋfāĪ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪĨāĨ‡āĪŊāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪšāĨŒāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪēāĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ‡āĪ°āĨ, āĪœāĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪļāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪf,
wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, fāĪāĪ…āĪ°āĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨˆāĪ°āĨ.
“BāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.
āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪēāĪŋfāĪ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪŽāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪf
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‹w āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ°āĪŋāĪļāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪœāĨ‹āĪŊāĨ.
“BāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨffāĪāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪˆāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĢāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ EāĪ‡āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨfāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ PāĪ…āĪĨāĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪˆ
āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨˆāĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĨ‡ āĪĢāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ EāĪ‡āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨfāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ PāĪ…āĪĨāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĪŋāĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ. āĪ‚āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŠāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪļāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‹w āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪœāĨ‹āĪŊāĨ. āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ‡āĪĶāĨ‡ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪ…āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.
“VāĪ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡, āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡, āĪ•āĨāĪĻāĨ‹wāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨāĪ—āĨ‡
āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ—āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ
āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ‡āĪƒ ‘āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪļāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪāĪĻāĨ
āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪđāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ.’
“āĪ āĨ‡
āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪƒ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ‡ fāĪ…āĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
& āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ, āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪ…āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ, āĪ°āĨ‡āĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨqāĪ‰āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ°āĨ‡āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡, &
āĪēāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĨ‹ āĪ“f āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪšāĨāĪ°āĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪļāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪāĪĻāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ
āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ.
“āĪ†āĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨāĪĻāĨ‹wāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨāĪ—āĨ‡ & āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ
āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪŊāĨ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡â€”wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪˆ āĪĶāĪŋāĪĶāĨ
āĪšāĨāĪēāĨˆāĪŪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪ°āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨf-āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨ‡xāĪšāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪĻāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ‡āĪĶāĨ‡āĪļāĨ,
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪēāĪĪāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĪđāĨāĪŪāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ°āĨ‹āĪŊāĪēāĨāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ & āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨfāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪ•āĨ.
KāĪĻāĨ‹wāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨāĪ—āĨ‡ & āĪĩāĪŋāĪļāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪƒ ‘āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪđāĪ•āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡.
āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪēāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪŽāĪŋāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ. āĪ āĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹w āĪĻāĨ‹ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡wāĪāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡.”
WāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡
āĪ·āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪĨ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨˆāĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ FāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪĢāĨ‹āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŸāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ•āĨāĪļāĨ, KāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪļāĨāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ fāĪāĪēāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ… āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪ“wāĪĻāĨ āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪƒāĪ āĪšāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪđāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪļāĨ‹
āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪƒāĪ‡āĪļāĨ fāĪ…āĪšāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ…āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪœāĨ‹āĪŊāĨ. āĪ āĨ‡ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪŠāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪšāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĶāĨ, “KāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪĻ! YāĪ“āĪ‰â€™āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ! YāĪ“āĪ‰â€™āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ!”
KāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪĻ
āĪœāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪŠāĪēāĨāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ·āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪĨ. WāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪāĪŠāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‹āĪ•āĨ‡, “VāĪāĪĻāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ™āĨŒāĪĪāĪŪ, āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪŠāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ
āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡. āĪˆ āĪ•āĨāĪĻāĨ‹w āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪ™āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.”
āĪ āĨ‡
āĪ“āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ fāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ•āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‹wāĪāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪ·āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪĨ’āĪļāĨ fāĪāĪāĪĪāĨ, āĪœāĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪ°āĨ
āĪŠāĪēāĨāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪšāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨ. āĪ·āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪ°āĨāĪĨ āĪļāĨˆāĪĶāĨ,
“BāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ! āĪ āĨ‡ āĪšāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĩāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĪ—āĨ‡ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŪāĨ‡ ‘āĪĨāĨ‡
BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§.” YāĪ“āĪ‰ āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ“ āĪŪāĪŊāĨ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĻāĪŪāĨ‡ āĪ‡f āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡.”
KāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪĻ āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, “āĪĄāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨāĪĻāĨâ€™āĪĪāĨ ‘BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§â€™ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĻāĨ ‘OāĪĻāĨ‡ wāĪđāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨâ€™?”
“āĪ āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪŊāĨ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪˆ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ ‘āĪĨāĨ‡ WāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ.’ WāĪđāĪĪāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ•āĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĪŪāĨ‡?”
“’OāĪĻāĨ‡
wāĪđāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨâ€™! ‘āĪ āĨ‡ WāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™! WāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨ!
WāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨ! āĪ āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪ, āĪŊāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪļāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡. WāĪ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪđāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪĨāĨ‡ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ WāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f
āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ. āĪ†āĪļāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨˆāĪĶāĨ, āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪĶāĪŊāĨ āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŽāĪļāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪ…āĪēāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡.” āĪ āĨ‡ fāĪ‡āĪĩāĨ‡ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ•āĨāĪļāĨ wāĪāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ“f āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡
āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪŠāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ™āĨŒāĪĪāĪŪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪĪāĨ‡āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪšāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§.
āĪ āĨ‡
BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪļāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ.” PāĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡, āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪ—āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĨāĨāĪļāĨ āĪŊāĨ‹āĪ‰ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ°āĨāĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.”
BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§’āĪļāĨ āĪ“wāĪĻāĨ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ qāĪ‰āĪ“āĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ†āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪŪāĪđāĨÄ+āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŠáđ­áđ­āĪđāĨÄāĪĻ
āĪ‹āĪāĪēāĪŋāĪ—āĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‹āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ,āĪ›āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ,āĪˆāĪĻāĨ‡qāĪ‰āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĨ,
WāĪāĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪ†āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
WāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡!
āĪĄāĨāĪ°āĨ B.āĪ‹.āĪ†āĪŪāĨāĪŽāĨ‡āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ “āĪ‚āĪāĪĻāĨ BāĪđāĪ°āĪĪāĨ BāĪ”āĪ§āĨāĪŪāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—.” (āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§āĪŋāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ)
āĪ†āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ
āĪ†āĪŽāĨ‹āĪ°āĪŋāĪ—āĪŋāĪĻāĪēāĨ āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ·āĨ‹āĪšāĪŋāĪāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĨ āĪ āĨāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪƒāĪ‡āĪēāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ ” āĪƒāĪ‰āĪŪāĨ
PāĪ°āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ PāĪ°āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ PāĪ°āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨāĪŪāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ‡.” (WāĪ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪđāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡
wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ PāĪ°āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ PāĪ°āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ
āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪđāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ˜āĨ
FāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ
OāĪĻāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡ PāĪ°āĪŽāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ§ āĪˆāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ›āĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ†wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ OāĪĻāĨ‡’āĪļāĨ
āĪ“wāĪĻāĨ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ FāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ WāĪāĪēāĨfāĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪƒāĪ…āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ PāĪāĪ…āĪšāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪ†āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ
āĪ·āĨ‹āĪšāĪŋāĪāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ†āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ EāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨ BāĪēāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ FāĪ‡āĪĻāĪēāĨ āĪ™āĨ‹āĪ…āĪēāĨ
āĪĨāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪ˜āĨ āĪŪāĪđāĨÄ+āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŠáđ­áđ­āĪđāĨÄāĪĻ— āĪ†āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ OāĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ
āĪ“f KāāĪŊ āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āāĪĻāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄāĪĻ,āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ,āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ,āĪĨāĨ‡
EāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ,āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ,āĪ“f VāĪāĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ›āĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
āĪ āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪ‹āĪāĪēāĪŋāĪ—āĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‹āĪ…āĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪ›āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪˆāĪĻāĨ‡qāĪ‰āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĨ
WāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪŽāĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡!
āĪŸāĨ€PāĪˆāĪŸāĪūKāĪ†
āĪĄāĨāĪĢāĨ 22 - (āĪĄāĨ āĪ‡āĪ‡ 290)
āĪ‚āĪ…āĪđāĨÄāĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŠáđ­áđ­āĪđāĨÄāĪĻ āĪ·āĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
āĪ†āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ BāĪŊāĨ BāĪ‰āĪĶāĨāĪ§
āĪŪāĪđāĨÄ+āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŠáđ­áđ­āĪđāĨÄāĪĻ
āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĶāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŪāĨˆāĪĻāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡fāĪāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡.
āĪˆāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ
āĪˆ. OāĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f KāāĪŊ
āĪ†. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āāĪĻāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄāĪĻ
B. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪ›āĨ. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…
āĪĄāĨ. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ
E. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ EāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ
F. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪˆāĪˆ. OāĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f VāĪāĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ
āĪˆāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪĩāĨ‡ āĪˆ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĪƒ â€Ļ
OāĪĻāĨ
āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪšāĨāĪšāĪļāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ BāĪđāĪ—āĪĩāĨÄ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŊāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ KāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ
KāĪ…āĪŪāĨāĪŪāĨÄāĪļāĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ, āĪ… āĪŪāĪ°āĨāĪ•āĨ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ KāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ. āĪ āĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĪƒ
– BāĪđāĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ.
– BāĪđāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨwāĪāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ. āĪ āĨ‡ BāĪđāĪ—āĪĩāĨÄ āĪļāĨˆāĪĶāĪƒ â€Ļ
– āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪĨāĨ āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪŽāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋfāĪ‡āĪšāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f
āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‹w āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪēāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡ āĪ“f
āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–-āĪĶāĨ‹āĪŪāĪĻāĪļāĨāĪļ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f
āĪĢāĪŋāĪŽāĨāĪŽāĨÄāĪĻ, āĪĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪļāĪŊāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŠáđ­áđ­āĪđāĨÄāĪĻāĪļāĨ.
WāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ fāĪ“āĪ‰āĪ°āĨ?
āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āāĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄŦ
āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹, āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨÄ, āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪœāĨāĪāĨÄ-āĪĶāĨ‹āĪŪāĪĻāĪļāĨāĪļ āĪĪāĨ‹wāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪƒāĪ
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ, āāĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄŦ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹, āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨÄ,
āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪœāĨāĪāĨÄ-āĪĶāĨ‹āĪŪāĪĻāĪļāĨāĪļ āĪĪāĨ‹wāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪƒāĪ
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ, āāĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄŦ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹, āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨÄ,
āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪœāĨāĪāĨÄ-āĪĶāĨ‹āĪŪāĪĻāĪļāĨāĪļ āĪĪāĨ‹wāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪƒāĪ
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ·āĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ§āĪŪāĨāĪŪ·āĪļāĨ, āāĪĪāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄŦ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœāĨÄāĪĻāĨ‹, āĪļāĪĪāĪŋāĪŪāĨÄ,
āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪ­āĪŋāĪœāĨāĪāĨÄ-āĪĶāĨ‹āĪŪāĪĻāĪļāĨāĪļ āĪĪāĨ‹wāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪˆ. KāāĪŊāĨÄāĪĻāĨāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪĻāĨÄ
āĪ†. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āāĪĻāĨÄāĪŠāĨÄāĪĻ
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪđāĨ‹w,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ? āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ“āĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪ°āĨ‹āĪ“āĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪ… āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪĪāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ°āĨ‹āĪ“āĪŪāĨ, āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ
fāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‡āĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨwāĪ‡āĪļāĨ‡, āĪļāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪļāĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪŠāĪ°āĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪ–áđƒ. BāĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨāĪļāĨ āĪļāĪĪāĨ‹ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪļāĪĪāĨ‹ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ. BāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™; āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ
āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™; āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨâ€™; āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘fāĪāĪāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘fāĪāĪāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪđāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘āĪšāĪēāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ-āĪļáđ…āĪ–āĨÄāĪ°āĪļāĨ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘āĪšāĪēāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ-āĪļáđ…āĪ–āĨÄāĪ°āĪļāĨ, āĪˆ
wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨâ€™.
āĪžāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪ…āĪļāĨ,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪ… āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪ°āĨâ€™āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡,
āĪŪāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪŪāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŪāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…
āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™;āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ
āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪēāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™; āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨâ€™;
āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘fāĪāĪāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪđāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ
āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘fāĪāĪāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪđāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ
āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘āĪšāĪēāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ-āĪļáđ…āĪ–āĨÄāĪ°āĪļāĨ,
āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨâ€™; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪēāĨfāĪƒ ‘āĪšāĪēāĨāĪŪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ-āĪļáđ…āĪ–āĨÄāĪ°āĪļāĨ, āĪˆ wāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ“āĪ‰āĪĪāĨâ€™.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ,
āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ,
āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f
āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ. â€Ļ
B. āĪˆāĪ°āĪŋāĪŊāĨÄāĪŠāĪĨ PāĪ…āĪŽāĨāĪŽ
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪēāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ wāĪ…āĪēāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ
‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨâ€™, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪēāĨāĪŊāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ ‘āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪēāĨāĪŊāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨâ€™. OāĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪ°āĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ. â€Ļ
āĪ›āĨ. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪŠāĪ°āĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ
āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĪāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ wāĪāĪ…āĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ°āĨ‹āĪŽāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ°āĨ‹āĪŽāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨāĪŊāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹wāĪēāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡
āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡wāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f
āĪĶāĨ‡fāĪāĪšāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡
wāĪ…āĪēāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ,
wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪ•āĨ‡, wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪĪāĪēāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ wāĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪļāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪŠāĪœÃąÃąāĪ…. â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
āĪĄāĨ. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ‹āĪāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĨ
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡
fāĪāĪāĪĪāĨ
āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ, wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪēāĪŋāĪŪāĪŋāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ“f āĪĩāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪ‡āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪĻāĨˆāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪĪāĨ‡āĪāĪĨāĨ, āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨ, fāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ,
āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪŪāĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‹w, āĪ•āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ, āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ‰āĪ°, āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪāĪĻāĨ,
āĪēāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‹āĪŪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ, fāĪāĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡,
āĪŦāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ—āĨāĪŪāĨ, āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪļāĨwāĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ, fāĪ…āĪĪāĨ, āĪĪāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡, āĪļāĪēāĪŋāĪĩ, āĪĻāĪļāĪēāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪšāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪļāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĩāĪŋāĪ…āĪēāĨ fāĪēāĨāĪ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡.” â€Ļ
āĪžāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪŽāĪ—āĨ āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨwāĪ“ āĪ“āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĻāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
fāĪ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĩāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨˆāĪĻāĨ, āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ-āĪŠāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪŠāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪŪāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪšāĨ‹w-āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ, āĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ°āĪŋāĪšāĨ‡. āĪ†
āĪŪāĪĻāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ āĪāĪŊāĨ‡āĪļāĪŋāĪ˜āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨfāĪ…āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ, wāĪ“āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ
[āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ]āĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ-āĪŠāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĪĶāĨāĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡
āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŪāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹w-āĪŠāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪđāĨāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ°āĪŋāĪšāĨ‡;” āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨ‹āĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪāĪāĪĪāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹wāĪĻāĨ,
wāĪđāĪŋāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪēāĪŋāĪŪāĪŋāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ“f āĪĩāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪ‡āĪŪāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪāĪļāĪƒ
“āĪˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨˆāĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪĻāĨˆāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪĪāĨ‡āĪāĪĨāĨ, āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨ, fāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ, āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪŪāĪ°āĨāĪ°āĨ‹w, āĪ•āĪŋāĪĶāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪēāĪŋāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ, āĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ‰āĪ°, āĪļāĨāĪŠāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪāĪĻāĨ, āĪēāĨāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ,
āĪŪāĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‹āĪŪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ, fāĪāĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĪŋāĪēāĨ‡, āĪŦāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪ—āĨāĪŪāĨ,
āĪŠāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪļāĨwāĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ, fāĪ…āĪĪāĨ, āĪĪāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨ‡, āĪļāĪēāĪŋāĪĩ, āĪĻāĪļāĪēāĨ āĪŪāĨāĪšāĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪļāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĻāĨ‹āĪĩāĪŋāĪ…āĪēāĨ fāĪēāĨāĪ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡.”
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ. â€Ļ
E. āĪ·āĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ EāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪ°āĨ‡fāĪēāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪđāĨ‹wāĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪēāĪšāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ,
āĪđāĨ‹wāĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĪƒ “āĪˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡
wāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪāĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪžāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ
āĪ…āĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ•āĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĨfāĪ‰āĪēāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪĪāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪ… āĪŽāĨāĪĪāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨâ€™āĪļāĨ
āĪ…āĪŠāĨāĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪšāĨ‡, āĪđāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĪŋāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹w, wāĪ“āĪ‰āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĪŋāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪĪāĨ āĪ…
āĪšāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪļāĨāĪļāĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĪŋāĪāĪšāĨ‡āĪļāĨ; āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪ°āĨ‡fāĪēāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪĻāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪđāĨ‹wāĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪēāĪšāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ,
āĪđāĨ‹wāĪāĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪŠāĨ‹āĪļāĨ‡āĪĶāĪƒ “āĪˆāĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪāĪ…āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ,
āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ fāĪ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪāĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ.”
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ;
(1)
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪ“āĪĻāĨ‡ āĪĶāĪŊāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĪāĨwāĪ“ āĪĶāĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ
āĪĶāĪŊāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ, āĪļāĨwāĪ“āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ, āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨāĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
(2)
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪšāĨāĪ°āĨ‹wāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪđwāĪ•āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĩāĨāĪēāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĪāĪŋāĪ—āĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪāĪ…āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĩāĪ°āĪŋāĪ“āĪ‰āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“f
āĪŽāĨ‡āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f
āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ
fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.”
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!”
āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
(3)
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪ… āĪļāĨqāĪ‰āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ fāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ‡āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ
āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡
āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.”
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
(4)
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ
āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪ… āĪļāĨqāĪ‰āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ fāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪļāĨāĪŪāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ
wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ‡āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
(5)
FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪ… āĪļāĨqāĪ‰āĪāĪēāĨ‡āĪĪāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ fāĪēāĨ‡āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ
āĪĻāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ āĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ—āĨ‡āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪŽāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ. â€Ļ
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FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪĶāĪŋāĪļāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨāĪšāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪđāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… fāĪ“āĪ“āĪĪāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪ•āĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪđāĪŋāĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪĨāĪŋāĪ˜āĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪđāĪŋāĪŠāĨ
āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪ°āĪŋāĪŽāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪŽāĪšāĨāĪ•āĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪŠāĪŋāĪĻāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪĻāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪ•āĨ
āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪœw āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪĪāĨ‹āĪ“āĪĨāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĨāĪ•āĨāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ…
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
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FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ
wāĪđāĪŋāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪ… āĪļāĨ‡āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ
āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ,
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
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FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡āĪ…āĪŠāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪ‰āĪŠāĨ
āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ āĪ… āĪŊāĨ‡āĪ…āĪ°āĨ āĪ“āĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ
āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
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FāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…āĪļāĨ āĪ‡f āĪđāĨ‡ wāĪ…āĪļāĨ
āĪļāĨ‡āĪāĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪ… āĪĶāĨ‡āĪ…āĪĶāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĶāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪšāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨāĪđāĪ°āĨāĪĻāĨ‡āĪēāĨ āĪ—āĨāĪ°āĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ, āĪ°āĨ‹āĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪŽāĨ‹āĪĻāĨ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŠāĨ‹wāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊāĪƒ “āĪ āĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ…āĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‹
āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ“f āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪĻāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ‡āĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ—āĨ‹āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪŽāĨ‡āĪšāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡ āĪēāĪŋāĪ•āĨ‡ āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ fāĪ°āĨ‡āĪ fāĪ°āĨ‹āĪŪāĨ āĪļāĨāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĪŋāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ.” â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ,
āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪ•āĨÄāĪŊ.
āĪˆāĪˆ. OāĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f VāĪāĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‹w āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ? â€Ļâ€Ļ
āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ, āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄâ€; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ,
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ
“āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄâ€; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄâ€;
āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ
āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ
“āĪˆ
āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ
āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ
āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ– āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ
āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ,āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…
āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪļāĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”; āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ, āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĪƒ “āĪˆ āĪ…āĪŪāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĨ‡āĪ°āĪŋāĪāĪĻāĨāĪšāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ… āĪ…āĪĶāĨāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĪŪāĨ-āĪ…āĪļāĨāĪ–āĨÄ
āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪĻāĪŋāĪ°āĨÄāĪŪāĪŋāĪļ”. â€Ļ
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ,
āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡
āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡,
[āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ,
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ,
āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĩāĨ‡āĪĶāĪĻāĨÄ.
āĪˆāĪˆāĪˆ. OāĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪĪāĪŋāĪ“āĪĻāĨ āĪ“f āĪ›āĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
āĪ†āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ fāĪ‰āĪ°āĨāĪĨāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪŪāĨ‹āĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪđāĨ‹w āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ?
āĪƒāĪāĪ°āĨ‡, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ°āĨÄāĪ— āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪ°āĨÄāĪ—“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪ°āĨÄāĪ— āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ
wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪ°āĨÄāĪ—“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪļ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ
āĪĶāĨ‹āĪļ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪļ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪļ“,
āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪđ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪđ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪđ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ wāĪ‡āĪĨāĨ‹āĪ‰āĪĪāĨ āĪŪāĨ‹āĪđ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪēāĨāĪēāĨ‡āĪšāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪšāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪšāĪĪāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪxāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨ‡xāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨ‡xāĪŠāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ… āĪļāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ
āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪļāĨāĪ°āĨāĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŽāĨāĪēāĨ‡
āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ… āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…
āĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ
āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‹āĪĻāĨāĪšāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨāĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…
āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ… āĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨ
āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ…āĪļāĨ “āĪ…āĪĻāĨ āĪ‰āĪĻāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪŽāĨ‡āĪ°āĪĪāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ“.
āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡
āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ
āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĻāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪŊāĨ; āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ
āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ, āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪļāĪŪāĨāĪĶāĪŊ āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŠāĪļāĨāĪļāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ…wāĪ…āĪŊāĨ
āĪ“f āĪŦāĨ‡āĪĻāĨ‹āĪŪāĨ‡āĪĻ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ; āĪ“āĪ°āĨ āĪāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ‡, [āĪ°āĨ‡āĪ…āĪēāĪŋāĪķāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĪƒ] “āĪĨāĪŋāĪļāĨ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ!” āĪļāĪĪāĪŋ āĪ‡āĪļāĨ
āĪŠāĨāĪ°āĨ‡āĪļāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪđāĪŋāĪŪāĨ, āĪœāĨāĪļāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪĪāĨ‹ āĪĨāĨ‡ āĪxāĪĪāĨ‡āĪĻāĨāĪĪāĨ āĪ“f āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡ ÃąÄáđ‡āĪ… āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪŪāĨ‡āĪ°āĨ‡
āĪŠáđ­āĪ‡āĪļāĨāĪļāĪĪāĪŋ, āĪđāĨ‡ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ āĪĶāĨ‡āĪĪāĪšāĨāĪđāĨ‡āĪĶāĨ, āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪĶāĨ āĪĶāĨ‹āĪāĪļāĨ āĪĻāĨ‹āĪĪāĨ āĪšāĨāĪēāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪĪāĨ‹
āĪ…āĪĻāĨāĪŊāĨāĪĨāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪĨāĨ‡ wāĪ“āĪ°āĨāĪēāĨāĪĶāĨ. āĪ āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨāĪļāĨ, āĪ… āĪ­āĪŋāĪ•āĨāĪ–āĨ āĪĶāĨwāĪāĪēāĨāĪēāĨāĪļāĨ
āĪ“āĪŽāĨāĪļāĨ‡āĪ°āĨāĪĩāĪŋāĪĻāĨāĪ—āĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ āĪ‡āĪĻāĨ āĪšāĪŋāĪĪāĨāĪĪ.
5 most spoken languages in the world | āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŪāŊ āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŪŠāŊāŪŠāŪŸāŊāŪŪāŊ 5 āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ | compare in tamil
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five most widely spoken languages in the world āŪ‰āŪēāŪ•āŪŋāŪēāŊ āŪ…āŪĪāŪŋāŪ•āŪŪāŪūāŪ•
āŪŠāŊ‡āŪšāŪ•āŊāŪ•āŊ‚āŪŸāŪŋāŪŊ 5 āŪŪāŊŠāŪīāŪŋāŪ•āŪģāŊ Compare in tamilInstagram
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